keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

internal medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352498/autofocusing-based-phase-correction
#1
Alexander Loktyushin, Philipp Ehses, Bernhard Schölkopf, Klaus Scheffler
PURPOSE: Phase artifacts due to B0 inhomogeneity can severely degrade the quality of MR images. The artifacts are particularly prominent in long-TE scans and usually appear as ghosting and blur. We propose a retrospective phase correction method based on autofocusing. The proposed method uses raw data acquired with standard imaging sequences, and does not rely on navigators or external measures of field inhomogeneity. METHODS: We formulate and solve the optimization problem, where we seek the latent phase offsets that are associated with an optimal value of the image quality measure that is evaluated in the spatial domain...
January 19, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351945/concurrent-endocrine-neoplasias-in-dogs-and-cats-a-retrospective-study-2004-2014
#2
Laura Beatrice, Felicitas Schär Boretti, Nadja S Sieber-Ruckstuhl, Claudia Mueller, Claudia Kümmerle-Fraune, Monika Hilbe, Paula Grest, Claudia E Reusch
Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) is a well-known syndrome in human medicine, whereas only a few cases of concurrent endocrine neoplasias have been reported in dogs and cats. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of concurrent endocrine neoplasias in dogs and cats at our clinic, identify possible breed and sex predispositions and investigate similarities with MEN syndromes in humans. Postmortem reports of 951 dogs and 1155 cats that died or were euthanased at the Clinic for Small Animal Internal Medicine, University of Zurich, between 2004 and 2014 were reviewed, and animals with at least two concurrent endocrine neoplasias and/or hyperplasias were included...
January 19, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351660/behavior-change-is-not-one-size-fits-all-psychosocial-phenotypes-of-childhood-obesity-prevention-intervention-participants
#3
Marissa Burgermaster, Isobel Contento, Pamela Koch, Lena Mamykina
Variability in individuals' responses to interventions may contribute to small average treatment effects of childhood obesity prevention interventions. But, neither the causes of this individual variability nor the mechanism by which it influences behavior are clear. We used qualitative methods to characterize variability in students' responses to participating in a childhood obesity prevention intervention and psychosocial characteristics related to the behavior change process. We interviewed 18 students participating in a school-based curriculum and policy behavior change intervention...
January 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350657/an-icet-a-survey-on-hypoparathyroidism-in-patients-with-thalassaemia-major-and-intermedia-a-preliminary-report
#4
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman, Duran Canatan, Heba Elsedfy, Mehran Karimi, Shahina Daar, Hala Rimawi, Soteroula Christou, Nicos Skordis, Ploutarchos Tzoulis, Praveen Sobti, Shruti Kakkar, Yurdanur Kilinc, Doaa Khater, Saif A Alyaarubi, Valeriya Kaleva, Su Han Lum, Mohamed A Yassin, Forough Saki, Maha Obiedat, Salvatore Anastasi, Maria Concetta Galati, Giuseppe Raiola, Saveria Campisi, Nada Soliman, Mohamed Elshinawy, Soad Al Jaouni, Salvatore Di Maio, Yasser Wali, Ihab Zaki Elhakim, Christos Kattamis
Hypoparathyroidism (HPT) is a rare disease with leading symptoms of hypocalcemia, associated with high serum phosphorus levels and absent or inappropriately low levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH). In patients with thalassemias it is mainly attributed to transfusional iron overload, and suboptimal iron chelation therapy. The main objectives of this survey were to provide data on the prevalence, demographic and clinical features of HPT in thalassemia major (TM) and intermedia (TI) patients living in different countries, and to assess its impact in clinical medical practice...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350222/a-prescription-for-note-bloat-an-effective-progress-note-template
#5
Daniel Khan, Elizabeth Stewart, Mark Duncan, Edward Lee, Wendy Simon, Clement Lee, Jodi Friedman, Hilary Mosher, Katherine Harris, John Bell, Bradley Sharpe, Neveen El-Farra
BACKGROUND: United States hospitals have widely adopted electronic health records (EHRs). Despite the potential for EHRs to increase efficiency, there is concern that documentation quality has suffered. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of an educational session bundled with a progress note template on note quality, length, and timeliness. DESIGN: A multicenter, nonrandomized prospective trial. SETTING: Four academic hospitals across the United States...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348825/a-novel-anti-cd146-antibody-specifically-targets-cancer-cells-by-internalizing-the-molecule
#6
Marie Nollet, Jimmy Stalin, Anaïs Moyon, Waël Traboulsi, Amel Essaadi, Stéphane Robert, Nausicaa Malissen, Richard Bachelier, Laurent Daniel, Alexandrine Foucault-Bertaud, Caroline Gaudy-Marqueste, Romaric Lacroix, Aurélie S Leroyer, Benjamin Guillet, Nathalie Bardin, Françoise Dignat-George, Marcel Blot-Chabaud
CD146 is an adhesion molecule present on many tumors (melanoma, kidney, pancreas, breast, ...). In addition, it has been shown to be expressed on vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells. Generating an antibody able to specifically recognize CD146 in cancer cells (designated as tumor CD146), but not in normal cells, would thus be of major interest for targeting tumor CD146 without affecting the vascular system. We thus generated antibodies against the extracellular domain of the molecule produced in cancer cells and selected an antibody that specifically recognizes tumor CD146...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348381/thyroid-dysfunction-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#7
Imam Subekti, Laurentius Aswin Pramono, Esthika Dewiasty, Dante Saksono Harbuwono
BACKGROUND: thyroid dysfunction is more likely to occur in diabetes mellitus patients than general population. Until now, no study has been done to find prevalence of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism in Indonesian diabetics. This study aimed to find the proportion and characteristics of thyroid dysfunction in Indonesian type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. METHODS: a cross-sectional study was conducted in Endocrine and Diabetes Polyclinic, Department of Internal Medicine, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital from July to September 2015...
October 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348248/texas-heart-institute-international-symposium-on-cardiovascular-regenerative-medicine
#8
Emerson C Perin, Doris A Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347870/incorporating-living-from-the-heart-into-medical-education
#9
Miranda K Boggild, Wayne L Gold, Lisa Richardson, Kanae Kinoshita
Medical training poses many challenges to trainees' wellbeing. To address the impact of learning in a high turnover, high volume, acute care setting in the General Internal Medicine Clinical Teaching Unit, the Chief Medical Resident, in this personal account, shares how she and the Spiritual Care Practitioner united to form an innovative partnership. The introduction of the skills of spiritual care practitioners, generally referred to patients and families, to support medical students and residents resulted in the co-development and co-implementation of a unique, reflective, one-hour session...
January 18, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346689/initial-development-and-validation-of-a-family-medicine-attitudes-questionnaire
#10
Julie Phillips, Jacob Prunuske, Laurie Fitzpatrick, Brian Mavis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although many curricular and policy interventions are designed to influence students' attitudes toward family medicine, assessment of these interventions is limited by lack of a comprehensive, validated measure of students' attitudes. We sought to develop and validate a questionnaire that effectively assesses medical student attitudes toward family medicine. METHODS: A 31-item questionnaire was assessed for internal, external, and content validity...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346570/implementation-status-of-morbidity-and-mortality-conferences-in-swiss-hospitals-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-study
#11
Isabelle Praplan-Rudaz, Yvonne Pfeiffer, David L B Schwappach
Objective: To determine the implementation status and current practice of morbidity and mortality conferences (M&MCs) in Switzerland. Design: A national cross-sectional online survey was conducted in spring 2017. The questionnaire focused on overall goals, structure and procedures of hospital M&MCs. Further topics included satisfaction, perceived effectiveness and support requirements. Setting: A total of 913 chief physicians of surgery and internal medicine, and specialist fields of obstetrics and gynaecology, anaesthesiology and intensive care from Swiss acute care hospitals were invited to the survey...
January 16, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346221/a-validation-argument-for-a-simulation-based-training-course-centered-on-assessment-recognition-and-early-management-of-pediatric-sepsis
#12
Gary L Geis, Derek S Wheeler, Amy Bunger, Laura G Militello, Regina G Taylor, Jerome P Bauer, Terri L Byczkowski, Benjamin T Kerrey, Mary D Patterson
INTRODUCTION: Early recognition of sepsis remains one of the greatest challenges in medicine. Novice clinicians are often responsible for the recognition of sepsis and the initiation of urgent management. The aim of this study was to create a validity argument for the use of a simulation-based training course centered on assessment, recognition, and early management of sepsis in a laboratory-based setting. METHODS: Five unique simulation scenarios were developed integrating critical sepsis cues identified through qualitative interviewing...
January 17, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346193/perceptions-of-infection-risk-with-immunomodulatory-medications
#13
Rebecca Sharim, Preethi Thomas, Leny Mathew, Michael George, Misha Rosenbach
OBJECTIVES: Physicians of many specialties encounter patients treated with immunomodulatory medications and must weigh the risk of infection when making medical decisions. We explored how physician perceptions of the infection risk of immunomodulatory medications differ by specialty and level of experience. METHODS: A survey was distributed to physicians from the internal medicine, family medicine, emergency medicine, rheumatology, dermatology, and infectious disease departments at 1 tertiary care institution...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346007/the-rise-and-fall-of-universal-health-coverage-as-a-goal-of-international-health-politics-1925-1952
#14
Martin Gorsky, Christopher Sirrs
The UN Sustainable Development Goals of 2015 have restored universal health coverage (UHC) to prominence in the international health agenda. Can understanding the past illuminate the prospects for UHC in the present? This article traces an earlier history of UHC as an objective of international health politics. Its focus is the efforts of the International Labor Organization (ILO), whose Philadelphia Declaration (1944) announced the goal of universal social security, including medical coverage and care. After World War II, the ILO attempted to enshrine this in an international convention, which nation states would ratify...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344996/bibliometric-analysis-of-a-century-of-research-on-oral-erythroplakia-and-leukoplakia
#15
Jean-Philippe Foy, Chloé Bertolus, Patrick Goudot, Sophie Deneuve, Ellen Blanc, Christine Lasset, David Pérol, Pierre Saintigny
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma is a major cause of cancer-associated morbidity and mortality and may develop from oral erythroplakia and leukoplakia (OEL), the most common oral potentially malignant lesions. Our objective was to provide a descriptive overview of the global research activity on OEL over the past decades. METHODS: We performed a systematic bibliometric analysis of articles and reviews on OEL up to December 31st 2016 using the SCOPUS database...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344990/self-gated-golden-angle-spiral-4d-flow-mri
#16
Rene Bastkowski, Kilian Weiss, David Maintz, Daniel Giese
PURPOSE: The acquisition of 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in cardiovascular applications has recently made large progress toward clinical feasibility. The need for simultaneous compensation of cardiac and breathing motion still poses a challenge for widespread clinical use. Especially, breathing motion, addressed by gating approaches, can lead to unpredictable and long scan times. The current work proposes a time-efficient self-gated 4D flow sequence that exploits up to 100% of the acquired data and operates at a predictable scan time...
January 17, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344985/probing-the-microscopic-environment-of-23-na-ions-in-brain-tissue-by-mri-on-the-accuracy-of-different-sampling-schemes-for-the-determination-of-rapid-biexponential-t2-decay-at-low-signal-to-noise-ratio
#17
Jonathan M Lommen, Sebastian Flassbeck, Nicolas G R Behl, Sebastian Niesporek, Peter Bachert, Mark E Ladd, Armin M Nagel
PURPOSE: To investigate and to reduce influences on the determination of the short and long apparent transverse relaxation times ( T2,s*, T2,l*) of 23 Na in vivo with respect to signal sampling. METHODS: The accuracy of T2* determination was analyzed in simulations for five different sampling schemes. The influence of noise in the parameter fit was investigated for three different models. A dedicated sampling scheme was developed for brain parenchyma by numerically optimizing the parameter estimation...
January 17, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344979/in-vivo-estimation-of-transverse-relaxation-time-constant-t2-of-17-human-brain-metabolites-at-3t
#18
Patrik O Wyss, Claudio Bianchini, Milan Scheidegger, Ioannis A Giapitzakis, Andreas Hock, Alexander Fuchs, Anke Henning
PURPOSE: The transverse relaxation times T2 of 17 metabolites in vivo at 3T is reported and region specific differences are addressed. METHODS: An echo-time series protocol was applied to one, two, or three volumes of interest with different fraction of white and gray matter including a total number of 106 healthy volunteers and acquiring a total number of 128 spectra. The data were fitted with the 2D fitting tool ProFit2, which included individual line shape modeling for all metabolites and allowed the T2 calculation of 28 moieties of 17 metabolites...
January 17, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344752/transforming-dermatologic-imaging-for-the-digital-era-metadata-and-standards
#19
Liam J Caffery, David Clunie, Clara Curiel-Lewandrowski, Josep Malvehy, H Peter Soyer, Allan C Halpern
Imaging is increasingly being used in dermatology for documentation, diagnosis, and management of cutaneous disease. The lack of standards for dermatologic imaging is an impediment to clinical uptake. Standardization can occur in image acquisition, terminology, interoperability, and metadata. This paper presents the International Skin Imaging Collaboration position on standardization of metadata for dermatologic imaging. Metadata is essential to ensure that dermatologic images are properly managed and interpreted...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344454/critical-review-of-family-health-advisory-services-assessment-in-mbbs-training-program-in-community-medicine
#20
Kiran Goswami, H Salve, S Malhotra, Y Kumar
Context: Family Health Advisory Services (FHAS) posting as well as its assessment is resource demanding but fails to enjoy priority. Study focuses on a holistic overview of the assessment process to understand need for change. Aims: The aim of this study is to identify perceived gaps in current assessment practices related to FHAS posting. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional mixed method study among all the V semester students currently undergoing assessment for the posting, past students (selected VII semester students and interns), preceptors (supervising residents - postgraduate students in department and senior resident, health assistants, medical social service officer), and involved faculty...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
keyword
keyword
30640
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"