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Health related quality of life

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749607/assessment-of-relationship-between-xerostomia-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#1
Goli Chamani, Mohammad Reza Shakibi, Mohammad Reza Zarei, Maryam Rad, Adeleh Pouyafard, Ardavan Parhizkar, Mojdeh Mansoori
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between xerostomia and Oral-Health Related Quality of Life in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred patients with rheumatoid arthritis were assessed using Fox and OHIP-14 questionnaires concerning xerostomia and Oral-Health Related Quality of Life respectively. The sum of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) was determined via an intra-oral exam. In addition, intergroup comparisons were evaluated using T-test, Chi-square, regression and Tukey analysis...
July 27, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749550/combined-resistance-and-endurance-training-at-a-moderate-high-intensity-improves-physical-condition-and-quality-of-life-in-liver-transplant-patients
#2
Diego Moya-Nájera, Ángel Moya-Herraiz, Luis Compte-Torrero, David Hervás, Sebastien Borreani, Joaquin Calatayud, Marina Berenguer, Juan C Colado
BACKGROUND: Although currently, moderate and high intensity concurrent physical exercise is prescribed in populations with special needs due to its greater effect on physical condition and health-related quality of life (HRQOL), there are no data in the liver transplantation (LT) setting. AIM: To evaluate changes in maximal strength, aerobic capacity, body composition, liver function, and HRQOL in LT patients after a moderate to high intensity combined resistance-endurance training...
July 27, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749453/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-therapy-improves-patient-and-caregiver-reported-outcomes-in-cirrhosis
#3
Jasmohan S Bajaj, Michael Ellwood, Timothy Ainger, Thomas Burroughs, Andrew Fagan, Edith A Gavis, Douglas M Heuman, Michael Fuchs, Binu John, James B Wade
OBJECTIVES: Patient-reported outcomes such as health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are impaired in cirrhosis due to under-treated mood and sleep disorders, which can adversely impact their caregivers. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) can improve patient-reported outcomes (PRO) in non-cirrhotic patients but their impact in cirrhosis is unclear. To evaluate the effect of MBSR and supportive group therapy on mood, sleep and HRQOL in cirrhotic patients and their caregivers. METHODS: Cirrhotic outpatients with mild depression (Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)>14) on screening with an adult caregiver were enrolled...
July 27, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749192/current-review-of-the-sarqol%C3%A2-a-health-related-quality-of-life-questionnaire-specific-to-sarcopenia
#4
Charlotte Beaudart, Jean-Yves Reginster, Anton Geerinck, Médéa Locquet, Olivier Bruyère
Sarcopenia, defined by a progressive and generalized loss of muscle mass and muscle function, is associated with many harmful clinical consequences. Several studies have reported the impact of sarcopenia on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using generic quality of life (QoL) questionnaires. The results of these observational studies are quite heterogenous. Indeed, generic tools may not be able to detect subtle effects of sarcopenia on QoL. Recently, a sarcopenia-specific HRQoL questionnaire was developed and validated in a population of sarcopenic subjects to more accurately assess the impact of sarcopenia on QoL...
July 27, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748917/oesophageal-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Elizabeth C Smyth, Jesper Lagergren, Rebecca C Fitzgerald, Florian Lordick, Manish A Shah, Pernilla Lagergren, David Cunningham
Oesophageal cancer is the sixth most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide and is therefore a major global health challenge. The two major subtypes of oesophageal cancer are oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC), which are epidemiologically and biologically distinct. OSCC accounts for 90% of all cases of oesophageal cancer globally and is highly prevalent in the East, East Africa and South America. OAC is more common in developed countries than in developing countries...
July 27, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748405/the-burden-of-chronic-urticaria-from-brazilian-patients-perspective
#6
Maria-Magdalena Balp, Nilcéia Lopes da Silva, Jeffrey Vietri, Haijun Tian, Luis F Esina
INTRODUCTION: Chronic urticaria (CU), a proxy for chronic spontaneous urticaria, has been associated with a negative impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and costs, but there is limited evidence on the burden of CU in Brazil. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of CU and assess the burden of CU on HRQoL and healthcare resource utilization (HRU) among adults in Brazil. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional study, pooled data from the 2011, 2012, and 2015 National Health and Wellness Survey in Brazil (n = 36,000)...
July 26, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748378/validation-of-an-egyptian-arabic-version-of-skindex-16-and-quality-of-life-measurement-in-egyptian-patients-with-skin-disease
#7
Nagwa Essa, Sara Awad, Mariam Nashaat
PURPOSE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Skindex-16, a brief skin-disease-specific QoL questionnaire, into Arabic for Egyptians and to evaluate its measurement properties in Egyptian patients with skin disease. METHOD: Translation and cultural adaption were performed following guidelines for cross-cultural adaption of health-related quality of life measures. Subsequently, Skindex-16 was administered to 500 consecutive dermatological patients and 500 healthy persons for verification of its reliability and validity...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748308/smoking-health-related-quality-of-life-and-economic-evaluation
#8
Ángel López-Nicolás, Marta Trapero-Bertran, Celia Muñoz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The economic evaluation of tobacco control policies requires the adoption of assumptions about the impact of changes in smoking status on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Estimates for such impacts are necessary for different populations. This paper aims to test whether smoking status has an independent effect on HRQoL over and above the effect derived from the increased likelihood of suffering a tobacco related disease, and to calculate utility values for the Spanish population...
July 26, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747593/feeding-support-team-for-frail-disabled-or-elderly-people-during-the-early-phase-of-a-disaster
#9
Keisuke Maeda, Hiroshi Shamoto, Satoshi Furuya
Japan was struck by two catastrophic disasters on March 11, 2011 and on April 16, 2016. The former was the Great East Japan Earthquake (M9.0) and the latter was the Kumamoto Earthquake (M7.0). Most inhabitants in the affected areas of both disasters were forced to live in evacuation centers right after the earthquake. Poor oral hygiene, inactivity, malnourishment, appetite loss, eating problems, and swallowing problems due to lack of support for frail, disabled, or elderly evacuees occur during the early phases after a disaster...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747535/palliative-care-in-end-stage-valvular-heart-disease
#10
REVIEW
Jill M Steiner, Stephanie Cooper, James N Kirkpatrick
Valvular heart disease (VHD), particularly aortic valve disease, is prevalent with increasing incidence. When surgery is not possible, or when risks outweigh benefits, percutaneous treatment options may offer effective alternatives. However, procedures may not always go as planned, and frail patients or those whose symptoms are caused by other comorbidities may not benefit from valve intervention at all. Significant effort should be made to assess frailty, comorbidities and patient goals prior to intervention...
August 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747157/oral-health-literacy-and-oral-health-outcomes-in-an-adult-population-in-brazil
#11
Marília Jesus Batista, Herenia Procopio Lawrence, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between critical and communicative oral health literacy (OHL) and oral health outcomes (status, oral health-related quality of life and practices) in adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined a household probability sample of 248 adults, representing 149,635 residents (20-64 years old) in Piracicaba-SP, Brazil. Clinical oral health and socioeconomic and demographic data, as well as data on oral health-related quality of life (OHIP-14) and health practices were collected...
July 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746956/-advance-directives-in-family-practices-results-of-a-survey-of-gp-patients-on-their-care-situation
#12
Rieke Schnakenberg, Johannes Just, Vitali Thiessen, Marie-Therese Puth, Markus Bleckwenn, Klaus Weckbecker
Background Advance directives (AD) are an important tool for documentation of patients' wishes and are therefore recommended to the elderly as well as patients with chronic diseases. However, there is no standardized procedure in Germany and no guideline for counseling patients who wish to write an AD with or without health care proxy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the care situation concerning the ADs and the role of the primary care physician in drafting the document Method We conducted semi-structured interviews with patients in primary care in North Rhine-Westphalia using a cross-sectional study design...
July 26, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746708/effectiveness-and-safety-of-dementia-care-management-in-primary-care-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Jochen René Thyrian, Johannes Hertel, Diana Wucherer, Tilly Eichler, Bernhard Michalowsky, Adina Dreier-Wolfgramm, Ina Zwingmann, Ingo Kilimann, Stefan Teipel, Wolfgang Hoffmann
Importance: Dementia care management (DCM) can increase the quality of care for people with dementia. Methodologically rigorous clinical trials on DCM are lacking. Objective: To test the effectiveness and safety of DCM in the treatment and care of people with dementia living at home and caregiver burden (when available). Design, Setting, and Participants: This pragmatic, general practitioner-based, cluster-randomized intervention trial compared the intervention with care as usual at baseline and at 12-month follow-up...
July 26, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746195/the-immediate-effect-of-facial-candling-on-inflammatory-mediators-substance-p-symptoms-severity-and-quality-of-life-in-allergic-rhinitis-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Nor Faizatul Fatikah Ismail, Chin Fen Neoh, Siong Meng Lim, Amir Heberd Abdullah, Mohd Fahmi Mastuki, Kalavathy Ramasamy, Nazli Zainuddin, Lokman Saim, Long Chiau Ming
INTRODUCTION: Asian countries have a variety of ethnic groups and culture that provide their own traditional treatment in health care. Facial candling appears to be one of the popular traditional treatments in Southeast Asian. The complementary medicine practitioners promote that the facial candling treatment would help in reducing the symptoms of allergic rhinitis and other problems related to sinus. Due to the lack of evidence available, the effectiveness of this treatment method and its mechanism, however, remains unknown...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745971/sexuality-and-the-older-woman
#15
Penny Tremayne, Wendy Norton
Sexual health is a key public health issue. The older woman faces a number of changes to her sexual health, wellbeing and sexuality. These changes result in many older women having to adapt to a series of complex transitions that can be challenging. This article aims to identify and explore some of these changes and how they can have a significant impact on women's quality of life. Nurses play an important role in assessing and helping women to manage normal and pathological age-related changes in order to improve the sexual health of older women and ensure they receive the advice and support needed at this stage of their life...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745957/understanding-the-challenges-to-vascular-access-in-an-ageing-population
#16
Janice Gabriel
At the beginning of the 21st century, one in five of UK residents can expect to see their 100th birthday and one in four people are aged 60 years or older. The UK has an ageing population. With older age comes an increasing variety of comorbidities that have an impact not only on an individual's quality of life but also on healthcare resources. Older people account for a rapidly rising cohort of individuals admitted to hospital, often with complex needs, and this can require achieving venous access. Venepuncture and cannulation are the most commonly performed invasive procedures in health care today...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744804/affective-symptoms-and-determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-mexican-people-with-epilepsy
#17
Carlos R Camara-Lemarroy, Mariana Hoyos, Beatriz E Ibarra-Yruegas, Marco A Díaz-Torres, Rolando De León
Epilepsy is known to be associated with multiple psychiatric comorbidities, such as depression, sleep-disorders, and anxiety. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and impact of affective symptoms over health-related quality of life (QOL) in Mexican people with epilepsy (PWE). We performed a cross-sectional observational study on 73 consecutive PWE and corresponding age- and sex-matched controls. HrQOL was assessed using the QOLIE-10 (QOL in Epilepsy-10) instrument. Clinical and demographic characteristics were recorded, and instruments evaluating depressive/anxiety symptoms, sleep quality, and insomnia were completed...
July 25, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744665/perceived-discrimination-and-health-related-quality-of-life-gender-differences-among-older-african-americans
#18
Sheryl L Coley, Carlos F Mendes de Leon, Earlise C Ward, Lisa L Barnes, Kimberly A Skarupski, Elizabeth A Jacobs
PURPOSE: Emerging data suggest that African-American women may fare worse than African-American men in health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL). Perceived discrimination is an important contributor to poor health overall among African Americans, but few studies examined the intersecting effects of perceived discrimination and gender in explaining HRQOL disparities. We investigated gender differences in HRQOL and tested whether perceived discrimination accounted for these differences. METHODS: We examined data from the Chicago Health and Aging Project in which 5652 African-American adults aged 65 and older completed structured questionnaires about demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, HRQOL, perceived discrimination, and health-related variables...
July 25, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744107/a-cohort-of-french-pediatric-patients-with-primary-immunodeficiencies-are-patient-preferences-regarding-replacement-immunotherapy-fulfilled-in-real-life-conditions
#19
Marlène Pasquet, Isabelle Pellier, Nathalie Aladjidi, Anne Auvrignon, Patrick Cherin, Pierre Clerson, Gregoire Jacques Noël Cozon, Roland Jaussaud, Boris Bienvenu, Cyrille Hoarau
OBJECTIVE: To assess quality of life and satisfaction regarding immunoglobulin-replacement therapy (IgRT) treatment according to the route (intravenous Ig [IVIg] or subcutaneous Ig [SCIg]) and place of administration (home-based IgRT or hospital-based IgRT). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Children 5-15 years old treated for primary immunodeficiency disease (PIDD) with IgRT for ≥3 months were included in a prospective, noninterventional cohort study and followed over 12 months...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744106/evaluating-patient-preference-and-satisfaction-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-therapy-in-france
#20
Sylvie Brégigeon-Ronot, Antoine Cheret, André Cabié, Thierry Prazuck, Alain Volny-Anne, Shehzad Ali, Catherine Bottomley, Laurent Finkielsztejn, Caroline Philippe, Jean-Jacques Parienti
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were 1) to elicit relative preferences for attributes of antiretroviral therapies (ART) in people living with HIV (PLWH) and 2) to explore satisfaction and adherence with current ART. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a multicenter cross-sectional study, consecutively enrolling PLWH receiving an ART. The quantitative part estimated the strength of preference for different attributes using an online discrete choice experiment (DCE). DCE data were analyzed using a mixed logit regression model...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
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