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Health related quality of life

Songlin He, Shicheng Wei, Jinhua Wang, Ping Ji
BACKGROUND: This population-based, cross-sectional study explored the association between chronic periodontitis and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in Chinese adults, independently of sociodemographic factors and other common oral conditions. METHODS: The present study was carried out in a sample population of 480 adults aged 35 to 74 years from Chongqing municipality. A multi-stage stratified random sampling approach was adopted to select participants...
March 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Hendramoorthy Maheswaran, Stavros Petrou, Danielle Cohen, Peter MacPherson, Felistas Kumwenda, David G Lalloo, Elizabeth L Corbett, Aileen Clarke
INTRODUCTION: Although HIV infection and its associated co-morbidities remain the commonest reason for hospitalisation in Africa, their impact on economic costs and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are not well understood. This information is essential for decision-makers to make informed choices about how to best scale-up anti-retroviral treatment (ART) programmes. This study aimed to quantify the impact of HIV infection and ART on economic outcomes in a prospective cohort of hospitalised patients with high HIV prevalence...
2018: PloS One
Kamil E Barbour, Susan Moss, Janet B Croft, Charles G Helmick, Kristina A Theis, Teresa J Brady, Louise B Murphy, Jennifer M Hootman, Kurt J Greenlund, Hua Lu, Yan Wang
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Doctor-diagnosed arthritis is a common chronic condition affecting an estimated 23% (54 million) of adults in the United States, greatly influencing quality of life and costing approximately $300 billion annually. The geographic variations in arthritis prevalence, health-related characteristics, and management among states and territories are unknown. Therefore, public health professionals need to understand arthritis in their areas to target dissemination of evidence-based interventions that reduce arthritis morbidity...
March 16, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
B M Kamath, A Baker, R Houwen, L Todorova, N Kerkar
BACKGROUND: Alagille syndrome (ALGS) is an inherited multisystem disorder typically manifesting as cholestasis, and potentially leading to end-stage liver disease and death. AIM: To perform the first systematic review of the epidemiology, natural history and burden of ALGS with a focus on the liver component. METHODS: Electronic databases and proceedings from key congresses were searched in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) 2009 guidelines...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Igam Bagra, Vijay Krishnan, Ravindra Rao, Alok Agrawal
OBJECTIVES: Use of various psychoactive substances can influence outcomes of patients on opioid agonist treatment (OAT). While use of alcohol and cocaine has shown to adversely affect OAT results, associated cannabis use shows mixed results. This study aimed to assess the pattern of cannabis use among opioid-dependent patients maintained on buprenorphine. Additionally, the study compared the dose of buprenorphine, opioid-related craving and withdrawals, productivity, and also quality of life between those with and without recent (past 90-day) cannabis use...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
Mohammed Saji Salahudeen, Prasad S Nishtala
OBJECTIVE: To summarize studies that used the international Resident Assessment home care instrument (interRAI HC) to examine study outcomes for older people. METHODS: A comprehensive systematic search was performed to identify relevant studies, using five databases from 1990 until October 2016. The Cochrane Risk-Bias assessment tool and Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to assess the quality of RCTs and non-RCTs, respectively. RESULTS: Based on the full-text analysis, 40 studies met the inclusion criteria out of 506 total records...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Gerontologist
Kimberly L Savin, Emily R Hamburger, Alexandra D Monzon, Niral J Patel, Katia M Perez, Jadienne H Lord, Sarah S Jaser
Family conflict in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) has been linked to worse disease management (i.e., glycemic control, adherence to treatment regimen) and reduced quality of life. We sought to examine parental risk factors associated with increased levels of diabetes-specific family conflict and to investigate the discrepancies between parent and adolescent reports of conflict. Adolescents with T1D and their parents (N = 120 dyads) completed measures of diabetes-specific family conflict. Adolescents also reported on health-related quality of life, and parents reported on demographic information...
February 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
D Roorda, M J Witvliet, L M Wellens, D V Schulten, C E J Sloots, I de Blaauw, P M A Broens, J Oosterlaan, L W E van Heurn, A F W van der Steeg
AIM: Total colonic aganglionosis (TCA) is a severe form of Hirschsprung's Disease (HD) associated with a high morbidity. This study assesses long-term functional outcome and Quality of Life (QoL) of TCA patients in a national consecutive cohort. METHODS: Medical records of all patients (n=53) diagnosed between 1995 and 2015 were reviewed on surgical and demographic characteristics. Functional outcome of all non-syndromal patients, aged ≥ four years (n=35) was assessed in medical records and with a questionnaire...
March 15, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Haiyan Wang, Linyi Li, Ling Ling Qin, Yanan Song, Josep Vidal-Alaball, Tong Hua Liu
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 deficiency is common, and the incidence increases with age. Most people with vitamin B12 deficiency are treated in primary care with intramuscular (IM) vitamin B12 . Doctors may not be prescribing oral vitamin B12 formulations because they may be unaware of this option or have concerns regarding its effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of oral vitamin B12 versus intramuscular vitamin B12 for vitamin B12 deficiency. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, and LILACS, as well as the WHO ICTRP and ClinicalTrials...
March 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Kelley Newlin Lew, Julie Wagner, Omar Braizat
OBJECTIVE: The study's objective is to examine differences in mental and physical health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in non-Hispanic Whites, non-Hispanic Blacks, and Hispanics adults with diabetes. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data was conducted. A total of 26 states participated in the 2014 BRFSS core and optional diabetes models (n = 17,923). HRQOL was measured by the number of mentally and physically unhealthy days during the past month, respectively...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Salehoddin Bouya, Maryam Koochakzai, Hosein Rafiemanesh, Abbas Balouchi, Safiyeh Taheri, Mahin Badakhsh, Mahnaz Didehvar
PURPOSE: Quality of life is the most important psychological factor affecting breast cancer patients. This study aimed to examine the health related quality of life of breast cancer patients in Iran. METHODS: International (PubMed, Web of science, Scopus and Google scholar) and national (SID, Magiran) databases were searched for related studies to September 2017. The quality of the articles was evaluated using the Hoy tool. RESULTS: Out of 232 initial studies, 18 studies performed on 2263 people were included in the final stage of the study...
March 14, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Quang A Le, Jason N Doctor, Lori A Zoellner, Norah C Feeny
PURPOSE: Health outcomes may depend on which treatment is received, whether choice of treatment is given, and whether a received treatment is the preferred therapy. We examined the effects of these key factors on the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D-3L) in patients with PTSD. METHODS: Two hundred patients aged 18-65 years with PTSD diagnosis enrolled in a doubly randomized preference trial (DRPT) examining treatment, choice of treatment, and treatment-preference effects of prolonged exposure therapy (PE) and pharmacotherapy with sertraline (SER) (clinicaltrials...
March 14, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Gerhard Schmalz, Donya Douglas, David Douglas, Susann Patschan, Daniel Patschan, Gerhard A Müller, Rainer Haak, Jan Schmickler, Dirk Ziebolz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and its association to oral health as well as AS specific parameters. METHODS: Patients with AS and a healthy control group (HC) were included and examined. The oral examination included decayed-, missing-, and filled-teeth index (DMF-T) as well as assessment of periodontal probing depth and clinical attachment loss to classify patients into healthy/mild, moderate, or severe periodontitis...
February 7, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Holger Joswig, Armin Neff, Christina Ruppert, Gerhard Hildebrandt, Martin Nikolaus Stienen
BACKGROUND: The predictive value of short-term arm pain relief after 'indirect' cervical epidural steroid injection (ESI) for the 1-month treatment response has been previously demonstrated. It remained to be answered whether the long-term response could be estimated by the early post-interventional pain course as well. METHODS: Prospective observational study, following a cohort of n = 45 patients for a period of 24 months after 'indirect' ESI for radiculopathy secondary to a single-level cervical disk herniation (CDH)...
March 14, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
Xiao Wu, Ajay Malhotra, Bertie Geng, Vivek B Kalra, Khalid Abbed, Howard P Forman, Pina Sanelli
Importance: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) continues to be performed for cervical clearance of obtunded blunt trauma, despite poor evidence regarding its utility after a normal computed tomographic (CT) finding. Objective: To evaluate the utility and cost-effectiveness of MRI vs no follow-up after a normal cervical CT finding in patients with obtunded blunt trauma. Design, Setting and Participants: This cost-effectiveness analysis evaluated an average patient aged 40 years with blunt trauma from an institutional practice...
March 14, 2018: JAMA Surgery
(no author information available yet)
Background: Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. People with type 1 diabetes must manage their blood glucose levels by monitoring the amount of glucose in their blood and administering appropriate amounts of insulin via injection or an insulin pump. Continuous glucose monitoring may be beneficial compared to self-monitoring of blood glucose using a blood glucose meter. It provides insight into a person's blood glucose levels on a continuous basis, and can identify whether blood glucose levels are trending up or down...
2018: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
Adilson Marques, Jorge Mota, Tânia Gaspar, Margarida Gaspar de Matos
Background/objective: In recent years, there has been an increased interest in the associations between physical fitness (PF) and psychosocial aspects of health. This study aimed to analyse the associations between self-reported PF and self-rated health (SRH), life-satisfaction (LS), and quality of life (QoL). Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of 3554 adolescents (1652 boys), aged 13-18, from the HBSC Portuguese survey. PF, health, LS and OoL were self-rated...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness
D Marshall Brinkley, David DeNofrio, Robin Ruthazer, Amanda R Vest, Navin K Kapur, Gregory S Couper, Michael S Kiernan
BACKGROUND: Since Food and Drug Administration's approval of the HeartMate II left ventricular assist device (LVAD) as destination therapy, the number of hospitals offering LVAD therapy has grown rapidly. A rising number are performed at centers without internal transplant programs. We sought to determine whether outcomes after destination therapy LVAD implantation are similar at transplant and nontransplant centers. METHODS AND RESULTS: Adult recipients of a primary, continuous-flow LVAD as destination therapy between January 2012 and March 2014 from the Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support were included...
March 2018: Circulation. Heart Failure
Jacqueline Murphy, Mark G Pritchard, Lok Yin Cheng, Roshni Janarthanan, José Leal
INTRODUCTION: Hip and knee replacement represents a significant burden to the UK healthcare system. 'Enhanced recovery' pathways have been introduced in the National Health Service (NHS) for patients undergoing hip and knee replacement, with the aim of improving outcomes and timely recovery after surgery. To support policymaking, there is a need to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of enhanced recovery pathways across jurisdictions. Our aim is to systematically summarise the published cost-effectiveness evidence on enhanced recovery in hip and knee replacement, both as a whole and for each of the various components of enhanced recovery pathways...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Hong Wang, Xiao-Bin Ji, Bei Mao, Cheng-Wei Li, Hai-Wen Lu, Jin-Fu Xu
OBJECTIVES: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) occupies an important niche in the pathogenic microbiome of bronchiectasis. The objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical characteristics and prognostic value of P. aeruginosa in Chinese adult patients with bronchiectasis. METHODS: This retrospective and follow-up study enrolled 1188 patients diagnosed with bronchiectasis at Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital between January 2011 and December 2012. The patients' clinical data including anthropometry, clinical symptoms, serum biomarkers, radiographic manifestations and lung function indices were reviewed...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
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