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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340304/family-members-experiences-of-driving-disruption-after-acquired-brain-injury
#2
Phyllis Liang, Jennifer Fleming, Louise Gustafsson, Janelle Griffin, Jacki Liddle
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: 1) To explore family members' lived experiences of driving disruption at early and later stages of the recovery continuum following acquired brain injury (ABI). 2) To describe health-related quality of life of family members of individuals with ABI who are experiencing driving disruption. RESEARCH DESIGN: Mixed methods phenomenological research approach. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Semi-structured interviews and health-related quality of life questionnaires were conducted with 15 family members of individuals with ABI (early group: 1-12 months post-injury, n = 6; later group: >1 year post-injury, n = 9)...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340256/sleep-disturbance-of-adults-with-a-brain-tumor-and-their-family-caregivers-a-systematic-review
#3
Megan Soohwa Jeon, Haryana M Dhillon, Meera R Agar
The high incidence and psychophysiological morbidities of sleep disturbance in cancer have been increasingly recognized. Yet, more detailed understanding of sleep disturbance and options for management have been neglected areas in both clinical care and research. Brain tumor patients have been particularly overlooked. A systematic search of the literature from 1990 to 2015 was performed to review sleep disturbance in adults with primary or secondary brain tumor and their family caregivers. Fifty eligible studies were identified, of which 12 focused on sleep, 37 reported sleep items within a health-related quality of life measure and 1 reported caregivers' sleep...
March 15, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340086/real-world-massage-therapy-produces-meaningful-effectiveness-signal-for-primary-care-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-results-of-a-repeated-measures-cohort-study
#4
William G Elder, Niki Munk, Margaret M Love, Geza G Bruckner, Kathryn E Stewart, Kevin Pearce
Objective.:  While efficacy of massage and other nonpharmacological treatments for chronic low back pain is established, stakeholders have called for pragmatic studies of effectiveness in "real-world" primary health care. The Kentucky Pain Research and Outcomes Study evaluated massage impact on pain, disability, and health-related quality of life for primary care patients with chronic low back pain. We report effectiveness and feasibility results, and make comparisons with established minimal clinically important differences...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340045/age-related-patterns-in-cancer-pain-and-its-psychosocial-impact-investigating-the-role-of-variability-in-physical-and-mental-health-quality-of-life
#5
Lynn R Gauthier, Robert H Dworkin, David Warr, Rebecca Pillai Riddell, Alison K Macpherson, Gary Rodin, Camilla Zimmermann, S Lawrence Librach, Malcolm Moore, Frances A Shepherd, Lucia Gagliese
Objective. : Age-related patterns in cancer pain remain equivocal. Most studies ignore heterogeneity across multiple domains of well-being, and the potential role of physical (PH) and mental health (MH) quality of life (QOL) in these age-related patterns is unknown. We investigated the relationships between age and cancer pain intensity, qualities, and interference, and physical and psychosocial adaptation and the interaction between age and PH and MH QOL on pain and adaptation to cancer pain...
March 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339996/fathers-perceptions-of-change-following-parenting-intervention-randomized-controlled-trial-of-triple-p-for-parents-of-children-with-asthma-or-eczema1
#6
Alina Morawska, Amy E Mitchell, Scott Burgess, Jennifer Fraser
 To test whether families' participation in an evidence-based parenting program can improve health-related outcomes reported by fathers of 2- to 10-year-old children with asthma and/or eczema.  A 2 (Triple P-Positive Parenting Program vs. care as usual) by 3 (baseline, postintervention, 6-month follow-up) design was used, with random group assignment. Of 107 families, 51.4% ( N  = 55) had a father participate alongside the child's mother, who was the primary intervention target. Fathers completed questionnaires assessing illness-related child behavior problems; self-efficacy with illness management and illness-related child behavior problems; and health-related quality of life...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339638/the-impact-of-older-parents-pain-symptoms-on-adult-children
#7
Karl Pillemer, Catherine Riffin, J Jill Suitor, Siyun Peng, M C Reid
Objective. : Not only is persistent pain a debilitating health problem for older adults, it also may have negative effects on family relationships. Studies have documented the effects of pain on spouses and on parents of young children. However, research has not extended this line of inquiry to later life, and specifically to the impact of older parents' pain symptoms on adult children. This study addresses the question: Does older mothers' pain affect the quality of relations with offspring? Subjects and Design...
February 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339305/development-of-anxiety-depression-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-oncology-patients-without-initial-symptoms-according-to-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-a-comparative-study
#8
Annika Thalén-Lindström, Bengt Glimelius, Birgitta Johansson
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are associated with decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The knowledge about the development of anxiety, depression and HRQoL in cancer patients without depression or anxiety, that is initially scoring as non-cases (cutoff <8) according to the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), is sparse. The objectives were: (1) to evaluate changes in anxiety, depression and HRQoL over 6 months in two independent cohorts of oncology patients initially scoring as non-cases by the HADS, (2) to compare stable non-case patients with the general population regarding HRQoL and (3) to explore the outcomes using >4 rather than >7 as cutoff on any of HADS subscales...
March 24, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335517/state-of-the-art-on-functional-virgin-olive-oils-enriched-with-bioactive-compounds-and-their-properties
#9
REVIEW
Patricia Reboredo-Rodríguez, María Figueiredo-González, Carmen González-Barreiro, Jesús Simal-Gándara, María Desamparados Salvador, Beatriz Cancho-Grande, Giuseppe Fregapane
Virgin olive oil, the main fat of the Mediterranean diet, is per se considered as a functional food-as stated by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)-due to its content in healthy compounds. The daily intake of endogenous bioactive phenolics from virgin olive oil is variable due to the influence of multiple agronomic and technological factors. Thus, a good strategy to ensure an optimal intake of polyphenols through habitual diet would be to produce enriched virgin olive oil with well-known bioactive polyphenols...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334979/the-effectiveness-of-optimised-clinical-medication-reviews-for-geriatric-patients-opti-med-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Floor Willeboordse, François G Schellevis, Sek Hung Chau, Jacqueline G Hugtenburg, Petra J M Elders
Background.: Inappropriate drug use is a frequent problem in older patients and associated with adverse clinical outcomes and an important determinant of geriatric problems. Clinical medication reviews (CMR) may reduce inappropriate drug use. Objective.: The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of CMR on quality of life (QoL) and geriatric problems in comparison with usual care in older patients with geriatric problems in the general practice. Methods...
February 23, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334324/understanding-the-genetic-landscape-of-small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-urinary-bladder-and-implications-for-diagnosis-prognosis-and-treatment-a-review
#11
Erik J Kouba, Liang Cheng
Importance: Small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder is a rare and aggressive neuroendocrine tumor of the urinary bladder. Although research has been performed since the first case was reported in 1981, most of our understanding of the disease treatments has been extrapolated from small cell carcinoma of the lung. However, current data on patient survival have been stagnant. Observations: With the advent of advanced molecular diagnostic methods, a new potential for understanding the origin and treatment of small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder has become evident...
March 23, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333691/asthma-prevalence-and-severity-in-low-resource-communities
#12
Álvaro A Cruz, Rafael Stelmach, Eduardo V Ponte
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The prevalence of asthma was thought to be low in most low-income countries, but several reports have indicated this is not always true. This is a narrative review of recent publications on the burden of asthma in low and middle-income countries (LMIC) and underprivileged communities from developed countries. RECENT FINDINGS: Several studies have reported a low prevalence of asthma is LMIC, but indicate it is increasing. In the last few years, however, many surveys demonstrated this may not always be true...
March 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333415/patterns-of-chemotherapy-induced-toxicities-and-outcome-in-children-and-adolescents-with-metastatic-rhabdomyosarcoma-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#13
Abha A Gupta, Yueh-Yun Chi, James R Anderson, Elizabeth Lyden, Brenda Weigel, Carola Arndt, William H Meyer, Abby Rosenberg, Douglas S Hawkins
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine whether adolescents with metastatic alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) or embryonal RMS (ERMS) had a different event-free survival (EFS) compared with younger patients, and to identify treatment-related factors (adverse events, AEs) that may be associated with differences in outcome. METHODS: The prevalence of AEs in adolescents older than 13 years was compared with that in patients less than or equal to 13 years of age (Fisher exact test) in patients enrolled onto ARST0431...
March 23, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332238/outcome-measures-for-adult-and-pediatric-hemophilia-patients-with-inhibitors
#14
REVIEW
Cedric Hermans, Günter Auerswald, Gary Benson, Gerry Dolan, Anne Duffy, Victor Jiménez-Yuste, Rolf Ljung, Massimo Morfini, Thierry Lambert, Mehdi Osooli, Silva Zupančić Šalek
Recent advancements in almost all aspects of hemophilia treatment have vastly improved patient care and management, and new and emerging treatments hold the promise of further progress. However, there remains a scarcity of data on long-term outcomes in hemophilia, particularly among those patients with inhibitors, for whom no validated outcome assessment tools are currently available. At the 15(th) Zürich Haemophilia Forum, an expert panel reviewed the most important outcome measures in inhibitor patients and considered the challenges associated with assessing outcomes in this population...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332032/qualitative-assessment-of-the-symptoms-and-impact-of-pancreatic-exocrine-insufficiency-pei-to-inform-the-development-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-pro-instrument
#15
Colin D Johnson, Rob Arbuckle, Nicola Bonner, Gary Connett, Enrique Dominguez-Munoz, Philippe Levy, Doris Staab, Nicola Williamson, Markus M Lerch
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) affects patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) and cystic fibrosis (CF) who produce insufficient digestive pancreatic enzymes. Common symptoms include steatorrhoea, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to develop and test the content validity of a patient-reported outcome (PRO) instrument assessing PEI symptoms and their impact on health-related quality of life. METHODS: Instrument development was supported by a literature review, expert physician interviews (n = 10: Germany 4, UK 3, France 3), and exploratory, qualitative, concept-elicitation interviews with patients with CF and CP with PEI (n = 61: UK 29, Germany 18, France 14) and expert physicians (n = 10)...
March 22, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330504/competitive-and-cooperative-arm-rehabilitation-games-played-by-a-patient-and-unimpaired-person-effects-on-motivation-and-exercise-intensity
#16
Maja Goršič, Imre Cikajlo, Domen Novak
BACKGROUND: People with chronic arm impairment should exercise intensely to regain their abilities, but frequently lack motivation, leading to poor rehabilitation outcome. One promising way to increase motivation is through interpersonal rehabilitation games, which allow patients to compete or cooperate together with other people. However, such games have mainly been evaluated with unimpaired subjects, and little is known about how they affect motivation and exercise intensity in people with chronic arm impairment...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330442/association-among-activities-of-daily-living-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-elderly-yi-ethnic-minority
#17
Lingyun Ran, Xiaodong Jiang, Baogang Li, Hongqian Kong, Mengqi Du, Xiaolan Wang, Hua Yu, Qin Liu
BACKGROUND: The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of the elderly population of Yi ethnic minority, which is the seventh largest nationality in China, has been rarely reported. This study was designed to explore the HRQoL of the elderly Yi ethnicity and association between their HRQOL and functional abilities. METHODS: A total of 291 Yi ethnic residents were randomly recruited from 12 rural counties in Yunnan province and divided into different age groups. Local residents in Yunnan province and the elderly from Hangzhou were enrolled as controls...
March 22, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329874/long-term-health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-digital-replantation-versus-revision-amputation
#18
Oren Tessler, Matthew J Bartow, Marie P Tremblay-Champagne, Alex M Lin, Geneviève Landes, Sarah Sebbag, Andreas Nikolis
Background Earlier, digit viability judged the success of digital replantation. Now, utility health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measures can better assess the impact of digital replantation. Methods Overall, 264 digital injury patients were sent a regimen of utility measures: Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score, European Quality of Life 5 Dimensions, visual analog scale (VAS), time trade-off (TTO), and standard gamble (SG). Overall, 51 patients responded completely to all of these-36 replantation patients and 15 revision amputation patients...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329865/what-doesn-t-kill-you-doesn-t-make-you-stronger-the-long-term-consequences-of-nonfatal-injury-for-older-adults
#19
Dongjuan Xu, Julia A Rivera Drew
Purpose: The majority of research efforts centering on injury among older adults focus on fall-related injuries and short-term consequences of injury. Little is known about the long-term consequences of all-cause nonfatal injuries, including minor injuries. Using a recent, large, and nationally representative sample of the U.S. non-institutionalized civilian population, the current study examines whether older adults who sustained a nonfatal injury (serious and minor) have higher risk of long-term morbidity and mortality outcomes compared with noninjured seniors...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329822/it-s-all-about-the-relationship-cognitively-intact-mother-daughter-care-dyads-in-hospice-at-home
#20
Diane N Solomon, Lissi Hansen, Judith G Baggs
Purpose of the Study: Adult daughters providing care to aging, ill mothers comprise the most prevalent caregiving dyad. Little is known, however, regarding relationship quality and its impact on care in these dyads, particularly in the context of cognitively intact patients at end of life in hospice. This interpretive descriptive work privileges voices of terminally ill mothers and care-partnering daughters in the home hospice context. Specific aims were to describe and interpret how mothers and daughters: (a) perceive relationship quality and (b) perceive how relationships have developed over time through health, chronic illness, and hospice...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
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