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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778983/changes-in-the-physiochemical-microbial-and-sensory-characteristics-of-fresh-pork-sausage-containing-rosemary-and-green-tea-extracts-during-retail-display
#1
M W Schilling, A J Pham, J B Williams, Y L Xiong, N Dhowlaghar, A C Tolentino, S Kin
The effects of adding combinations of rosemary (R: 1500, 2000, 2500 ppm) and green tea (G: 100, 200, 300 ppm) extracts in combination with synthetic antioxidants on the physiochemical, microbial, and sensory characteristics of fresh pork sausage were evaluated. R and G improved (P < .05) oxidative stability as evidenced by lower TBARS. R2500 and G300 had fewer PPC than the control at d 7, 14, and 21 of storage. Consumer acceptability scores were greater (P < .05) in sausages with R and G when compared to the control, and the majority of the R and G treatments were liked by 98% of the respondents...
May 17, 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777147/prediction-of-moisture-content-for-congou-black-tea-withering-leaves-using-image-features-and-nonlinear-method
#2
Gaozhen Liang, Chunwang Dong, Bin Hu, Hongkai Zhu, Haibo Yuan, Yongwen Jiang, Guoshuang Hao
Withering is the first step in the processing of congou black tea. With respect to the deficiency of traditional water content detection methods, a machine vision based NDT (Non Destructive Testing) method was established to detect the moisture content of withered leaves. First, according to the time sequences using computer visual system collected visible light images of tea leaf surfaces, and color and texture characteristics are extracted through the spatial changes of colors. Then quantitative prediction models for moisture content detection of withered tea leaves was established through linear PLS (Partial Least Squares) and non-linear SVM (Support Vector Machine)...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775856/a-simple-ultrasensitive-electrochemical-sensor-for-simultaneous-determination-of-gallic-acid-and-uric-acid-in-human-urine-and-fruit-juices-based-on-zirconia-choline-chloride-gold-nanoparticles-modified-carbon-paste-electrode
#3
Seyed Alireza Shahamirifard, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Zahra Razmi, Shaaker Hajati
The determination of gallic acid (GA) and uric acid (UA) is essential due to their biological properties. Numerous methods have been reported for the analysis of GA and UA in various real samples. However, the development of a simple, rapid and practical sensor still remains a great challenge. Here, a carbon paste electrode (CPE) was modified by nanocomposite containing zirconia nanoparticles (ZrO2 NPs), Choline chloride (ChCl) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to construct ZrO2 -ChCl-AuNPs/CPE as electrochemical sensor for the simultaneous electro-oxidation of GA and UA...
May 8, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773105/-protective-role-of-green-tea-polyphenols-in-intestinal-mucosal-barrier-function-of-mice-with-colitis-induced-by-tnbs-through-inhibiting-jak2-stat3-pathway
#4
Jin Xi, Sitang Ge, Lugen Zuo, Yuke Zhu, Lian Wang, Qiaoli Xie
Objective To analyze the therapeutic effect of green tea polyphenols (GTP) in mice with colitis induced by TNBS and its possible mechanism. Methods Colitis was induced by TNBS in BALB/C mice. The mice were randomly divided into GTP group (n=10) and TNBS model group (n=10). Mice in the GTP group were given GTP [0.2 mL at a dose level of 100 mg/(kg.d)] by oral gavage, and mice in the model group were given normal saline [0.2 ml/d] by gavage. Four weeks later, the mice were sacrificed. Disease activity index (DAI) and inflammatory score were evaluated by HE staining...
March 2018: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765171/risks-and-protective-factors-for-triple-negative-breast-cancer-with-a-focus-on-micronutrients-and-infections
#5
Dagmar Horakova, Katerina Bouchalova, Karel Cwiertka, Ladislav Stepanek, Jana Vlckova, Helena Kollarova
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive form of breast cancer (BC) with a poor prognosis. Second, patients cannot benefit from targeted therapy, except for those with BRCA1/2 mutations, for whom poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition therapy using olaparib has recently been approved. As global priorities continue to be epidemiological analysis of BC risk factors and early diagnosis, this review focuses on the risks and protective factors associated with TNBC. A PubMed keyword search for new knowledge on the risks and protective factors for TNBC was carried out...
May 15, 2018: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763875/green-zero-valent-iron-nanoparticles-dispersion-through-a-sandy-column-using-different-injection-sequences
#6
António Soares, Sandra Ramos, Tomás Albergaria, Cristina Delerue-Matos
The contamination of soils is a global environmental problem that urges an increased effort to recover polluted sites. In Europe, there are an estimated 20,000 polluted sites that need to be remediated and around 350,000 sites that are classified as potentially contaminated by the European Environment Agency (EEA). Remediation is a part of the solution to this problem, requiring the most innovative and sustainable technologies. In this context, the use of zero valent iron nanoparticles (nZVI) is a promising, low cost and efficient technology for the remediation of soil and groundwater contaminated with a wide range of organic and inorganic pollutants...
May 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759183/evaluation-of-thrombin-inhibitory-activity-of-catechins-by-online-capillary-electrophoresis-based-immobilized-enzyme-microreactor-and-molecular-docking
#7
Qiao-Qiao Li, Feng-Qing Yang, Yin-Zhen Wang, Zhao-Yu Wu, Zhi-Ning Xia, Hua Chen
An online capillary electrophoresis (CE)-based thrombin (THR) immobilized enzyme microreactor (IMER) method was established to screen THR inhibitors in this study. S-2366 was used as chromogenic substrate for determination of THR activity and other kinetic constants. After continuously run for 50 times, the prepared IMER could still remain 89% of the initial immobilized enzyme activity. The Michaelis-Menten constant (Km ) of immobilized THR was measured as 0.514 mmol/L and the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50 ) and inhibition constant (Ki ) of argatroban on THR were determined as 78...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758009/a-review-on-the-weight-loss-effects-of-oxidized-tea-polyphenols
#8
REVIEW
Dylan O'Neill Rothenberg, Caibi Zhou, Lingyun Zhang
The mechanistic systems in the body through which tea causes weight loss are complex and multi-dimensional. Additionally, the bioactive components in tea such as catechins, caffeine, and products of tea polyphenol oxidation vary greatly from one major tea type to the next. Green tea has been the primary subject of consideration for investigation into the preventative health effects of tea because it contains the highest levels of phenolic compounds and retains the highest antioxidant capabilities of any major tea type...
May 14, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754250/estimated-daily-quercetin-intake-and-association-with-the-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-chinese-adults
#9
Zhanxin Yao, Yeqing Gu, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Ge Meng, Hongmei Wu, Yang Xia, Xue Bao, Hongbin Shi, Shaomei Sun, Xing Wang, Ming Zhou, Qiyu Jia, Yuntang Wu, Kun Song, Weina Gao, Changjiang Guo, Kaijun Niu
PURPOSE: Quercetin is one of potential antidiabetic substances because of its powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. The purpose of this study is to estimate daily quercetin intake and assess the relationship between dietary quercetin intake and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a Chinese population. METHODS: Dietary intake was investigated by a validated 100-item food frequency questionnaire. Daily intakes of quercetin and nutrients were calculated accordingly...
May 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751678/-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-synthetic-analogues-inhibit-fatty-acid-synthase-and-show-anticancer-activity-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#10
Joan Crous-Masó, Sònia Palomeras, Joana Relat, Cristina Camó, Úrsula Martínez-Garza, Marta Planas, Lidia Feliu, Teresa Puig
(-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) is a natural polyphenol from green tea with reported anticancer activity and capacity to inhibit the lipogenic enzyme fatty acid synthase (FASN), which is overexpressed in several human carcinomas. To improve the pharmacological profile of EGCG, we previously developed a family of EGCG derivatives and the lead compounds G28, G37 and G56 were characterized in HER2-positive breast cancer cells overexpressing FASN. Here, diesters G28, G37 and G56 and two G28 derivatives, monoesters M1 and M2, were synthesized and assessed in vitro for their cytotoxic, FASN inhibition and apoptotic activities in MDA-MB-231 triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells...
May 11, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750437/green-tea-liquid-consumption-alters-the-human-intestinal-and-oral-microbiome
#11
Xiaojie Yuan, Yong Long, Zhaohua Ji, Jie Gao, Ting Fu, Min Yan, Lei Zhang, Haixia Su, Weilu Zhang, Xiaohui Wen, Zhongshu Pu, Hui Chen, Yufei Wang, Xu Gu, Binyuan Yan, Kanakaraju Kaliannan, Zhongjun Shao
SCOPE: GTPs exerts anti-CRC activity. The intestinal microbiota and intestinal colonization by bacteria of oral origin has been implicated in colorectal carcinogenesis. GT modulates the composition of mouse gut microbiota harmonious with anticancer activity. Therefore, we investigated the effect of GTL consumption on the gut and oral microbiome in healthy volunteers (n = 12). METHODS AND RESULTS: 16S sequencing and PICRUSt analysis of both fecal and saliva samples (collected before intervention, after 2 weeks of GTL (400 ml/day) and after a washout period of one week) in healthy volunteers showed changes in microbial diversity and core microbiota and difference in clear classification (PLS-DA)...
May 11, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748806/synthesis-and-characterisation-of-stable-and-efficient-nano-zero-valent-iron
#12
Kassim O Badmus, Elizabeth Coetsee-Hugo, Hendrik Swart, Leslie Petrik
Nano zero valent iron (nZVI) is an excellent adsorbent/reductant with wide applicability in remediation of persistent contaminants in soil, water and groundwater aquifers. There are concerns about its environmental fate, agglomeration, toxicity and stability in the air. Several modification methods have applied chistosan, green tea, carboxyl methyl cellulose and other coating substances to ensure production of nZVI with excellent air stability and effectiveness. The synthesis of a novel green nZVI (gNZVI) with Harpephyllum caffrum leaf extracts was successfully executed in the current study...
May 10, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747437/effects-of-protocatechuic-acid-pca-on-global-cerebral-ischemia-induced-hippocampal-neuronal-death
#13
A Ra Kho, Bo Young Choi, Song Hee Lee, Dae Ki Hong, Sang Hwon Lee, Jeong Hyun Jeong, Kyoung-Ha Park, Hong Ki Song, Hui Chul Choi, Sang Won Suh
Global cerebral ischemia (GCI) is one of the main causes of hippocampal neuronal death. Ischemic damage can be rescued by early blood reperfusion. However, under some circumstances reperfusion itself can trigger a cell death process that is initiated by the reintroduction of blood, followed by the production of superoxide, a blood⁻brain barrier (BBB) disruption and microglial activation. Protocatechuic acid (PCA) is a major metabolite of the antioxidant polyphenols, which have been discovered in green tea...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746891/effect-of-green-tea-extract-supplementation-on-exercise-induced-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-and-muscular-damage
#14
Willian da Silva, Álvaro S Machado, Mauren A Souza, Pâmela B Mello-Carpes, Felipe P Carpes
Previous studies addressed the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory role of compounds from green tea in different human tissues. Positive antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects were described for brain tissues. Whether similar effects are observed in the skeletal muscle, green tea supplementation could be a strategy to reduce delayed onset muscle soreness resultant of exercise. Here we determine the effect of green tea extract supplementation on exercise-induced muscle soreness, muscle damage and oxidative stress...
May 7, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744906/on-line-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-biochemical-detection-method-for-screening-of-%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibitors-in-green-tea
#15
Peng-Cheng Guo, Hua-Dan Shen, Jiang-Ji Fang, Tian-Ming Ding, Xiao-Ping Ding, Jun-Feng Liu
An on-line high performance liquid chromatography- biochemical detection (HPLC-BCD) method, which compounds separated by HPLC were on-line reacted with enzyme and substrate solutions delivered by flow injection and enzyme inhibition signal was collected in time by UV detector, was developed to rapidly screen α-glucosidase inhibitors from green tea extracts in this study. The chromatographic fingerprints and enzyme inhibition profiles of the different brands of green tea could be simultaneously detected by the on-line HPLC-BCD method...
May 9, 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740891/effects-of-gut-microbiota-and-time-of-treatment-on-tissue-levels-of-green-tea-polyphenols-in-mice
#16
Anna B Liu, Siyao Tao, Mao-Jung Lee, Qi Hu, Xiaofeng Meng, Yong Lin, Chung S Yang
The previous studies have shown that tea polyphenols are metabolized by gut microbiota. This study investigated the effect of gut microbiota on the bioavailability, tissue levels, and degradation of tea polyphenols. Mice were treated with antibiotics (ampicillin/sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim) in drinking water and the control mice received water for 11 days, and they were given an AIN93M diet enriched with 0.32% of Polyphenon E. The levels of catechins and their metabolites (if present) in the serum, liver, urine, and fecal samples were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography...
May 8, 2018: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740577/solid-contact-potentiometric-sensors-and-multisensors-based-on-polyaniline-and-thiacalixarene-receptors-for-the-analysis-of-some-beverages-and-alcoholic-drinks
#17
REVIEW
Michail Sorvin, Svetlana Belyakova, Ivan Stoikov, Rezeda Shamagsumova, Gennady Evtugyn
Electronic tongue is a sensor array that aims to discriminate and analyze complex media like food and beverages on the base of chemometrics approaches for data mining and pattern recognition. In this review, the concept of electronic tongue comprising of solid-contact potentiometric sensors with polyaniline and thacalix[4]arene derivatives is described. The electrochemical reactions of polyaniline as a background of solid-contact sensors and the characteristics of thiacalixarenes and pillararenes as neutral ionophores are briefly considered...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739590/quantification-of-ascorbyl-adducts-of-epigallocatechin-gallate-and-gallocatechin-gallate-in-bottled-tea-beverages
#18
Wei-Lun Hung, Siyu Wang, Shengmin Sang, Xiaochun Wan, Yu Wang, Chi-Tang Ho
Catechins are the major bioactive compounds existing in tea leaves (Camellia sinensis). Dehydroascorbic acid is (DHAA) a reactive dicarbonyl species and previous studies have demonstrated that catechins could effectively trap DHAA to form ascorbyl adducts of catechins, especially epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). Since catechins in the aqueous solution are unstable due to their structural features, ascorbic acid (AA) is usually added to bottled tea beverages to protect catechins. However, whether ascorbyl adducts of catechins are formed in bottled tea beverages remains unclear...
September 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739579/cashew-gum-and-maltrodextrin-particles-for-green-tea-camellia-sinensis-var-assamica-extract-encapsulation
#19
Francisca Silva, Lucicléia Torres, Larissa Silva, Raimundo Figueiredo, Deborah Garruti, Tamara Araújo, Antoniella Duarte, Débora Brito, Nágila Ricardo
Cashew gum and maltodextrin microcapsules containing green tea leaf extracts were made using a spray-dryer. Green tea extracts were submitted to cytotoxicity analysis and characterization of bioactive compounds. Three formulations of microcapsules were performed, which were then submitted to characterization through morphological study, particle diameter and distribution, zeta potential, Exploratory Differential Calorimetry, entrapment efficiency, dissolution test and X-ray diffraction. The extract had a high bioactive compound content and no cytotoxicity was observed...
September 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739513/ultrasound-assisted-preparation-of-a-nanostructured-zinc-ii-amine-pillar-metal-organic-framework-as-a-potential-sorbent-for-2-4-dichlorophenol-adsorption-from-aqueous-solution
#20
Reza Abazari, Ghazal Salehi, Ali Reza Mahjoub
Using a green and simple route with ultrasound illumination under atmospheric pressure and at room temperature, the nanosized preparation of a Zn(II) metal-organic framework, [Zn(ATA)(BPD)]∞ (ATA = 2-aminoterephthalic acid), BPD = 1,4-bis(4-pyridyl)-2,3-diaza-1,3-butadiene), having nano-plate shape and 3D channel framework, was considered and the product was named as compound 1. The X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), IR spectroscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) were used for characterization of the synthesized micro/nano-structures...
September 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
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