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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813762/the-impact-of-a-rural-training-track-on-medical-students-specialty-choice
#1
Brooke Jensen, Susan M Anderson, Edward Simanton
BACKGROUND: Compare the expectations and outcomes of students involved in rural medical training versus those of urban trainees. METHODS: Survey items relating to primary care interest were added to program evaluation surveys already being sent at the beginning and end of the primary clinical year. Students from the graduating class of 2016 and the class of 2017 responded to the surveys (N=115). Responses from students trained in rural sites were compared with students trained in medium or large communities...
June 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813524/medical-student-nursing-student-and-non-health-care-respondents-implicit-attitudes-toward-doctors-and-patients-development-and-a-pilot-study-of-a-new-implicit-attitudes-test-iat
#2
Alan Schwartz, Abdelhamid Mazouni
INTRODUCTION: Medical educators have been concerned that medical students may decline in empathy for patients during the course of their training, based on studies measuring clinical empathy using psychometrically strong self-report measures. Clinical empathy is a complex construct, incorporating attitudes toward patients but also other components, such as professional detachment. Triangulation of extant measures with instruments based on nonreactive methods could provide a better understanding of whether and how physician attitudes toward patients may be changing during training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810945/teen-dating-violence-predicting-physical-and-sexual-violence-and-mental-health-symptoms-among-heterosexual-adolescent-males
#3
Peter Fawson, Timothy Jones, Bobby Younce
This study investigated the prevalence of female-to-male intimate partner violence (IPV) and mental health symptoms among 589 male high school students. Participants completed questionnaires asking if they had experienced dating violence victimization, mental health symptoms, and violent attitudes. Correlations revealed strong positive associations between sexual, physical, and psychological IPV among male victims. Multiple regression found significant predictors of negative mental health consequences were experiencing psychological violence, experiencing physical violence, and having attitudes that accept violence...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810498/late-emotional-effects-of-rehabilitation-during-childhood-and-their-impact-on-coping-with-deafness-in-adulthood
#4
Adva Eichengreen, Dan Hoofien
This study examined potential influences of childhood rehabilitation and over-normalization on coping with disability in adulthood. A total of 88 deaf and hard-of-hearing students were interviewed retrospectively about their childhood and completed self-report questionnaires assessing psychological environment-directedness and present emotional and behavioral coping with deafness. It was partially supported that over-normative parental attitude negatively affected coping with deafness through the mediation of elevated environment-directedness...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810384/prototypes-of-drinkers-and-accessibility-of-injunctive-norms-predict-college-drinking
#5
Nancy Rhodes, Christopher Loiewski, Bridget Potocki, Rachel Ralston
A self-report survey of first-year college students ( n = 421; 46% female) included measures of perceived prototype, attitude and injunctive norm accessibility, past drinking behavior, and future drinking intention. Both norm accessibility and prototype perception were significant predictors of intention to drink in the future among first-year college students. The effect of prototypes on drinking diminished as pro-drinking norms became more accessible, indicating greater automaticity of drinking decision-making...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810273/-nursing-internship-internal-medicine-evaluation-and-influences-on-the-attitude-towards-the-specialization
#6
Janine Wirkner, Sylvia Stracke, Anja Lange, Thomas Dabers, Harry Merk, Richard Kasch
Background German medical students have to perform a nursery internship of three month duration. While this internship is widely discussed, there is a lack of student evaluation data. Objectives Here, for the first time, student evaluation of a nursery internship in internal medicine (IM) is investigated. Moreover, the question was raised, whether the early experience during this internship may influence students' attitude towards the specialty. Methods In a nation-wide online-survey, 767 German medical students (mean age 22...
August 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806648/to-embed-or-not-to-embed-a-longitudinal-study-exploring-the-impact-of-curriculum-design-on-the-evidence-based-practice-profiles-of-uk-pre-registration-nursing-students
#7
Laura Scurlock-Evans, Penney Upton, Joanne Rouse, Dominic Upton
BACKGROUND: The use of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) is increasingly emphasized within healthcare. However, little research has focused on nurses' pre-registration training; particularly regarding the impact of curriculum-design on learning EBP. OBJECTIVES: This study compared the impact of embedding EBP throughout the curriculum, with modular-based teaching, on pre-registration nursing students' EBP profiles. DESIGN: A longitudinal panel study...
July 26, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806277/nursing-faculty-attitudes-and-practices-related-to-online-teaching
#8
Lisa Broussard, Kathleen Wilson
Online education as a teaching methodology is relatively new in higher education in comparison to traditional face-to-face instruction. There is often concern that the quality of online classes is inferior and that academic rigor is compromised when faculty are not engaged with students in a classroom. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess nursing faculty attitudes and practices regarding online teaching. Findings indicated that overall, faculty feel that achievement of student learning outcomes in online and hybrid settings is comparable to face-to-face and report excitement with most aspects of teaching online...
August 10, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806230/a-multifaceted-model-to-evaluate-interprofessional-education-in-clinical-nurse-specialist-programs
#9
Heather Becker, Gayle M Timmerman, Carole Delville, EunJin Seo
PURPOSE: Preparing students to engage in team-based healthcare is a major focus of clinical nurse specialist (CNS) education programs. A robust evaluation plan is needed to monitor achievement of key outcomes in this complex undertaking. DESCRIPTION: Informed by the work of Kirkpatrick and Stufflebeam, an evaluation model that incorporates multiple information sources about process and outcomes related to interprofessional (IP) education is proposed. OUTCOME: Improvements in scores on attitude and competency measures suggest that the program had the desired effects on students' attitudes and self-efficacy for IP collaboration and was validated by faculty clinical observations of IP communication and teamwork...
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806122/sexual-attitudes-of-classes-of-college-students-who-use-pornography
#10
Cameron C Brown, Stacy Conner, Amber Vennum
Pornography is widely accepted and used as an appropriate sexual practice. Previous literature has suggested that pornography users may be best viewed through a heterogenetic lens that indicates specific classes of pornography users. Furthering this previous research, a latent profile analysis was conducted using a sample of 635 college students (mean age men 20.22 (standard deviation [SD] = 3.10); women 19.16 [SD = 2.12]) over two time points to not only identify unique classifications of pornography users, but also examine specific sexual attitudes 3 months later of each classification...
August 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805316/promoting-empathy-using-video-based-teaching
#11
Kieran Sweeney, Paul Baker
BACKGROUND: Empathy is fundamental to patient-centred care. It has been shown to improve patient satisfaction and therapeutic outcomes. The success of educational interventions in enhancing students' empathy has been mixed, however, and a consensus on the most effective approach is lacking. METHODS: Patients were videoed discussing their hospital experiences and interactions with clinicians. These videos were shown to groups of medical students, who then took part in a facilitated discussion around themes of health care communication and patient experience...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804653/college-students-perceptions-of-worry-and-parent-beliefs-associations-with-behaviors-to-prevent-sun-exposure
#12
Robert A Yockey, Laura A Nabors, Oladunni Oluwoye, Kristen Welker, Angelica M Hardee
More research is needed to understand how attitudes impact behaviors that afford sun protection. The current study examined the impact of students' perceptions of parental beliefs about sun exposure and its influence on their practiced sun protection behaviors and worry about sun exposure. Participants were college students (N = 462) at a large Midwestern university. They completed a survey to examine their perceptions of risks and messages about sun exposure and sun exposure behaviors. Results indicated that gender and students' perceptions of parental beliefs about sun exposure were related to sun protection behaviors and their own worry over sun exposure...
2017: Journal of Skin Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803221/reflective-student-narratives-honing-professionalism-and-empathy
#13
Upreet Dhaliwal, Satendra Singh, Navjeevan Singh
The affective domain is not explicitly targeted during medical studies and poor skills in this domain may lead to conflict when dealing with patients. Reflective narratives are said to promote humanitarianism and professional development. We aimed to examine reflective narratives written by medical students in our institution for content relating to ethical and professional Attitude and Behaviour, Communication, respect for Diversity and Disability, and Empathy (the ABCDE paradigm). We were also interested in understanding how far the students enjoyed learning through the writing of narratives and in determining their perceived learning from the exercise...
July 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801880/effects-of-educational-intervention-on-nurses-knowledge-and-attitude-towards-providing-cervical-cancer-screening-information-in-selected-health-facilities-in-ibadan-nigeria
#14
Chizoma M Ndikom, Bola A Ofi, Folashade O Omokhodion, Patricia O Bakare, Cecilia Olusade Adetayo
Cervical cancer is a major cause of death among women especially in developing nations. It can be prevented through screening yet many women are unaware of screening options. Nurses are in vantage position to provide cervical cancer screening (CCS) information and services especially in antenatal clinics. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of an educational intervention (EI) on nurses' knowledge and attitude towards providing CCS information. This quasi-experimental study was conducted in eight health facilities in Ibadan, Nigeria...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800290/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-italian-version-of-the-homosexuality-scale-of-the-trueblood-sexual-attitudes-questionnaire
#15
Emanuele Fino, Marta Giuliani, Luca Pierleoni, Gaetano Gambino, Valentina Cosmi, Chiara Simonelli
The aim of the present study was to translate the Homosexuality scale of the Trueblood Sexual Attitudes Questionnaire in Italian language, and assess its factor structure and psychometric properties in Italian psychology students. The questionnaire was originally developed and validated in U.S. college students, and later in Turkish social work students, showing high internal consistency. It measures attitudes towards several sexual practices and behaviours, regarding self and others. Particularly, the Homosexuality scale measures attitudes towards different sexual and romantic practices with people of the same sex...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800094/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-visits-to-the-dentist-to-receive-professionally-applied-topical-fluoride-in-a-developing-country
#16
Miriam Del Socorro Herrera, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís, América Patricia Pontigo-Loyola, Rubén de la Rosa-Santillana, Leticia Ávila-Burgos, Rogelio José Scougall-Vilchis, Sonia Márquez-Rodríguez, Mirna Minaya-Sánchez, Alejandro José Casanova-Rosado
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and associated factors of visits to the dentist in the last year by Nicaraguan schoolchildren to receive professionally applied topical fluoride (PATF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed in children from public schools in the city of León, Nicaragua, were included. A series of socioeconomic, sociodemographic, and behavioural variables were collected through a questionnaire. The dependent variable was the visit to the dentist to receive professionally applied topical fluoride in the last year, which was dichotomised as (0) Did not receive PATF and (1) Yes received PATF...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800044/instruments-for-measuring-undergraduate-nursing-students-knowledge-attitudes-and-skills-in-evidence-based-practice-a-systematic-review-protocol
#17
Daniela Cardoso, Eduardo Santos, Maria L Cardoso, Catarina R Oliveira, Manuel A Rodrigues, João Apóstolo
The objective of this systematic review is to identify and assess the properties of instruments for measuring undergraduate nursing students' knowledge, attitudes and skills in evidence-based practice (EBP).More specifically, the review questions are as follows.
August 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798887/attitude-toward-prenatal-testing-and-termination-of-pregnancy-among-health-professionals-and-medical-students-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Nagwa E A Gaboon, Khadijah H Bakur, Alaa Y Edrees, Jumana Y Al-Aama
This study was aimed at assessing the attitude of health care professionals in Jeddah city toward prenatal diagnosis (PND) and termination of pregnancy (TOP). A cross-sectional study was conducted, and the participants completed a self-administered questionnaire. Approximately 82% of participants showed a consistent trend of accepting PND when appropriate, and 47.5% of the respondents were in favor of TOP if the fetus had a severe disease. Compared with men (69.3%), a significantly greater number of women (88%) accepted to have PND...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798211/do-biology-students-really-hate-math-empirical-insights-into-undergraduate-life-science-majors-emotions-about-mathematics
#19
Lucas P Wachsmuth, Christopher R Runyon, John M Drake, Erin L Dolan
Undergraduate life science majors are reputed to have negative emotions toward mathematics, yet little empirical evidence supports this. We sought to compare emotions of majors in the life sciences versus other natural sciences and math. We adapted the Attitudes toward the Subject of Chemistry Inventory to create an Attitudes toward the Subject of Mathematics Inventory (ASMI). We collected data from 359 science and math majors at two research universities and conducted a series of statistical tests that indicated that four AMSI items comprised a reasonable measure of students' emotional satisfaction with math...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797666/effect-of-pain-neurophysiology-education-on-physiotherapy-students-understanding-of-chronic-pain-clinical-recommendations-and-attitudes-towards-people-with-chronic-pain-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
G Collearya, K O'Sullivan, D Griffin, C G Ryan, D J Martin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of pain neurophysiology education (PNE) on student physiotherapists': (1) knowledge of chronic pain; (2) attitudes towards patients with chronic pain; and (3) clinical recommendations for patients with chronic pain. DESIGN: Multicentre single-blind randomised controlled trial. SETTING: One UK and one Irish university. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-two student physiotherapists. INTERVENTION: Participants received either PNE (intervention) or a control education...
March 22, 2017: Physiotherapy
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