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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909383/the-nation-and-the-family-the-impact-of-national-identification-and-perceived-importance-of-family-values-on-homophobic-attitudes-in-lithuania-and-scotland
#1
Juliet R H Wakefield, Monika Kalinauskaite, Nick Hopkins
The meanings attached to the nation can be consequential for group members' attitudes and beliefs. We examined how national identity definition can influence the extent of individuals' homophobia with 159 Lithuanian and 176 Scottish university students who completed a questionnaire which measured their national identification, homophobia, and the extent to which they felt traditional family values were central to their nation's identity. Consistent with nation-wide differences in the significance given to the family, Lithuanian participants perceived family values to be more important for their national identity and expressed higher levels of homophobia than did Scottish participants...
2016: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909364/physiotherapy-students-attitudes-toward-psychiatry-and-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Joanne Connaughton, William Gibson
Purpose: A cross-sectional exploration of Notre Dame Australia physiotherapy students' attitudes toward psychiatry and mental illness, students' perceptions regarding preparation in this area for general clinical practice, and a cross-sectional investigation of current mental health-and psychiatry-related content in physiotherapy curricula across Australia and New Zealand. Methods: A questionnaire including demographic details, level of exposure to mental illness, and the Attitudes Toward Psychiatry-30 items (ATP-30) was completed by pre-clinical and clinically experienced physiotherapy students from the University of Notre Dame Australia...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909179/disclosure-recipients-social-reactions-to-victims-disclosures-of-intimate-partner-violence
#3
Katie M Edwards, Christina M Dardis
Prior research indicates that victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) are most likely to disclose their victimization experiences to an informal support (e.g., friend, family), and that IPV disclosures are often met with both positive (e.g., empathic support) and negative (e.g., victim blame) reactions. However, research on social reactions to disclosure largely has neglected the perspectives of disclosure recipients. Guided by the attribution framework, the current study extends prior research by assessing factors (i...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909022/development-and-evaluation-of-the-tigriopus-course-based-undergraduate-research-experience-impacts-on-students-content-knowledge-attitudes-and-motivation-in-a-majors-introductory-biology-course
#4
Jeffrey T Olimpo, Ginger R Fisher, Sue Ellen DeChenne-Peters
Within the past decade, course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs) have emerged as a viable mechanism to enhance novices' development of scientific reasoning and process skills in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics disciplines. Recent evidence within the bioeducation literature suggests that student engagement in such experiences not only increases their appreciation for and interest in scientific research but also enhances their ability to "think like a scientist." Despite these critical outcomes, few studies have objectively explored CURE versus non-CURE students' development of content knowledge, attitudes, and motivation in the discipline, particularly among nonvolunteer samples...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907985/effectiveness-of-training-intervention-to-improve-medical-student-s-information-literacy-skills
#5
Mohammadhiwa Abdekhoda, Afsaneh Dehnad, Mahmood Yousefi
This study aimed to assess the efficiency of delivering a 4-month course of "effective literature search" among medical postgraduate students for improving information literacy skills. This was a cross-sectional study in which 90 postgraduate students were randomly selected and participated in 12 training sessions. Effective search strategies were presented and the students' attitude and competency concerning online search were measured by a pre- and post-questionnaires and skill tests. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16 using t-test...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905077/improving-shared-decision-making-in-adolescents-through-antibiotic-education
#6
I W Ngadimon, F Islahudin, N Mohamed Shah, E Md Hatah, M Makmor-Bakry
Background Shared decision-making is vital in achieving desired drug therapy goals, especially with antibiotics, in view of the potential long-term reduction in drug resistance. However, shared decision-making is rarely practiced with adolescent patients. Objectives The aim of the study was to identify the effect antibiotic education has on willingness to engage in shared decision-making among adolescents in Malaysia. Setting Participants from secondary schools in Malaysia were enrolled with ethical approval...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904803/building-healthy-eating-habits-in-childhood-a-study-of-the-attitudes-knowledge-and-dietary-habits-of-schoolchildren-in-malaysia
#7
Kazi Enamul Hoque, Megat Ahmad Kamaluddin, Ahmad Zabidi Abdul Razak, Afiq Athari Abdul Wahid
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have increased rapidly in incidence to become a global issue today. Overweight and obesity problems are significantly linked to unhealthy dietary patterns, physical inactivity and misperception of body image. This study aimed to determine whether Malaysian children build healthy eating habits from childhood. METHODS: A survey on eating habits was conducted among primary school students in standards 4 to 6 in the state of Selangor, Malaysia...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900957/attitudes-knowledge-and-willingness-to-donate-organs-among-indian-nursing-students
#8
Vijayalakshmi Poreddi, B V Katyayani, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Rohini Thimmaiah, Suresh Badamath
Globally, there is an acute shortage of organs for transplantation. Health professionals play an important role in raising awareness, motivating, and subsequently increasing the organ donation rates. Research related to nursing students' attitudes toward organ donation is limited from India. We aimed to assess undergraduate nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, and willingness to donate organs. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out among conveniently selected undergraduate nursing students (n = 271) using self-reported questionnaires...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900788/do-student-nurses-feel-a-lack-of-comfort-in-providing-support-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-or-questioning-adolescents-what-factors-influence-their-comfort-level
#9
Brian P Richardson, Anton E Ondracek, Dee Anderson
AIM: The aim of this study was to find out if student nurses feel comfortable in caring by providing support for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual or Questioning adolescents and what factors influence their level of comfort. BACKGROUND: Research indicates that nurses and nursing students experience varying levels of comfort when caring for adults who are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual or Questioning: adult patients feel that nurse's attitudes change towards them once they disclose their sexuality...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900747/-the-positionality-of-caring-action-small-group-dialogue-in-a-course-on-nursing-ethics
#10
Hsien-Hsien Chiang
BACKGROUND: The content of nursing-ethics education has typically focused on the external standards of caring behavior and neglected the relationship between the ethical attitudes and internal experiences of caregivers. PURPOSE: To explore the embodied experience in order to define the positionality of caring action, which is necessary to enrich the content of nursing ethics through small-group-learning-based dialogue. METHODS: The researcher, as a participant observer, teaches a course on nursing ethics...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900182/concussion-reporting-behaviours-of-community-college-student-athletes-and-limits-of-transferring-concussion-knowledge-during-the-stress-of-competition
#11
Nancy Resendes Chinn, Paul Porter
: Concussion education for student-athletes is mandated by several states and is becoming an integral component of concussion management programmes; however, little is known about student-athlete concussion knowledge and self-reporting of suspected concussion. This study explored to what extent collegiate student-athletes are knowledgeable on the topic of concussion, the relationship between having concussion knowledge and reporting behaviours, and factors contributing to not reporting when education has been provided...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899835/use-of-an-online-game-to-evaluate-health-professions-students-attitudes-toward-people-in-poverty
#12
Carriann E Richey Smith, Priscilla Ryder, Ann Bilodeau, Michele Schultz
Objective. To determine baseline attitudes of pharmacy, physician assistant studies, and communication science and disorders students toward people in poverty and to examine the effectiveness of using the online poverty simulation game SPENT to affect these attitudes. Methods. Students completed pre/postassessments using the validated Undergraduate Perceptions of Poverty Tracking Survey (UPPTS). Students played the online, open access, SPENT game alone and/or in pairs in a 50-minute class. Results. Significant improvements in scale scores were seen in students after playing SPENT...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895604/virtue-existential-career-model-a-dialectic-and-integrative-approach-echoing-eastern-philosophy
#13
Shu-Hui Liu, Jui-Ping Hung, Hsin-I Peng, Chia-Hui Chang, Yi-Jen Lu
Our Virtue Existential Career (VEC) model aims at complementing western modernism and postmodernism career theories with eastern philosophy. With dialectical philosophy and virtue-practice derived from the Classic of Changes, the VEC theoretical foundation incorporates merits from Holland typology, Minnesota Theory of Work Adjustment, Social Cognitive Career Theory, Meaning Therapy, Narrative Approach Career Counseling, and Happenstance Learning Theory. While modernism considers a matched job as an ideal career vision and prefers rational strategies (controlling and realizing) to achieve job security; postmodernism prefers appreciating and adapting strategies toward openness and appreciates multiple possible selves and occupations, our model pursues a blending of security and openness via controlling-and-realizing and appreciating-and-adapting interwoven with each other in a dialectical and harmonious way...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894416/australian-university-smoke-free-policy-implementation-a-staff-and-student-survey
#14
Ashleigh Guillaumier, Billie Bonevski, Christine Paul, John Wiggers, John Germov, Dylan Mitchell, Diane Bunch
Issue addressed: Universities represent important settings for the implementation of public health initiatives such as smoke-free policies. The study aimed to assess staff and student attitudes towards policy enforcement and compliance as well as the acceptability of the provision of cessation support in this setting. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted following the introduction of a designated-areas partial smoke-free policy at two campuses of one Australian university in 2014. Staff (n=533) and students (n=3060) completed separate online surveys assessing attitudes towards smoke-free policy enforcement and compliance, and acceptability of university-provided cessation support...
November 18, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894184/australian-medical-students-have-fewer-opportunities-to-do-physical-examination-of-peers-of-the-opposite-gender
#15
Silas Taylor, Boaz Shulruf
PURPOSE: Peer physical examination (PPE), by which junior medical students learn physical examination skills before practicing on patients, is a widely implemented and accepted part of medical curricula. However, the ethical implications of PPE have been debated, since issues including student gender impact on its acceptability. Research has previously demonstrated the phenomenon of 'attitude-behavior inconsistency' showing that students' predictions about their participation in PPE differ from what they actually do in practice...
2016: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893906/effects-of-a-simulation-exercise-on-nursing-students-end-of-life-care-attitudes
#16
Linda Dame, Roberta Hoebeke
BACKGROUND: Students consider end-of-life care content in their nursing curricula to be inadequate and deficient in promoting the development of the necessary attitudes to care for dying patients. Research identifies simulation as an effective teaching strategy to examine nursing students' attitudes toward end-of-life care. METHOD: An end-of-life care simulation was developed, implemented, and evaluated. Attitudes toward caring for dying patients were measured pre- and postsimulation on a convenience sample of 57 sophomore nursing students using the Frommelt Attitudes Toward Care of the Dying Scale-Form B...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893586/spiritual-immersion-developing-and-evaluating-a-simulation-exercise-to-teach-spiritual-care-to-undergraduate-nursing-students
#17
Sharon Galloway, Mikel W Hand
This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a simulation exercise designed to teach spiritual care to prelicensure nursing students. Participation in a spiritual care simulation resulted in improved knowledge and attitudes relating to spirituality and spiritual care. The results from this study demonstrate the value of using simulation and spiritual assessment to teach students how to recognize and respond therapeutically to spiritual needs.
November 23, 2016: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893303/do-patient-characteristics-decide-if-young-adult-cancer-patients-undergo-fertility-preservation
#18
Dina M Flink, Jeanelle Sheeder, Laxmi A Kondapalli
PURPOSE: The Fertility Attitudes and Cancer Treatment Study (FACTS) is a two-phase research initiative aimed to understand factors involved with decision making for future fertility. The FACTS will improve services and utilization of fertility preservation (FP) before cancer treatment. Phase-I examined patient characteristics as associated with FP decision. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 108 reproductive-aged (18-45 years) males and females who received a fertility consultation before cancer treatment from January 1, 2012 to April 30, 2014 was conducted...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891447/oral-health-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-behaviour-among-secondary-school-children-in-chandigarh
#19
Anshu Blaggana, Vishaka Grover, Anjali, Anoop Kapoor, Vikram Blaggana, Renu Tanwar, Harleen Kaur, Ryana Kaur Haneet
INTRODUCTION: Oral health knowledge is considered to be an essential prerequisite for health-related practices and better oral health. Healthy practices adopted at young age are more sustainable. AIM: Present cross-sectional exploratory study was planned to assess oral health knowledge and practices of secondary school students in Chandigarh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was under-taken amongst 1027 secondary level school students, in Chandigarh, India...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891356/attitudes-and-perceptions-of-medical-undergraduates-towards-mobile-learning-m-learning
#20
Rakesh Narayan Patil, Balaji D Almale, Mrunal Patil, Amit Gujrathi, Supriya Dhakne-Palwe, Anuradha R Patil, Shriram Gosavi
INTRODUCTION: Mobile technology is one of the latest extensions of technological innovations that can be integrated into medical education. With the aid of these devices, students learn faster outside the classroom by having quick access to the internet and easy retrieval of required health related learning resources to keep alongside of recent trend and development. In medicine practice one has to continuously update his/her medical knowledge and mobile learning will serve as a tool for self-directed learning...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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