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Semen Analysis

Michal Efrat, Anat Stein, Haim Pinkas, Ron Unger, Ruth Birk
OBJECTIVE: To study association of semen quality with a priori whole dietary pattern indexes, which reflect real-world dietary practices and the numerous combinations by which foods are consumed: Healthy Eating Index (HEI), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), alternate Mediterranean Diet score (aMED), and Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI). DESIGN: A cross-sectional single-center study. SETTING: Hospital fertility center and university...
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
Taylor P Kohn, Samuel J Ohlander, Jake S Jacob, Tina M Griffin, Larry I Lipshultz, Alexander W Pastuszak
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Current guidelines recommend against surgical repair of subclinical varicoceles (SCVs) for infertility; several studies demonstrate mixed fertility results after SCV correction. To determine whether surgical correction of SCV improves semen parameters and/or reproductive outcomes, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis. Seven biomedical literature databases were searched through January 2018 for studies that assessed reproductive outcomes and/or change in semen parameters in men with corrected SCV compared to either (1) uncorrected SCV or (2) corrected clinical varicocele...
May 17, 2018: Current Urology Reports
Ravza Yılmaz, Rana Günöz Cömert, Samil Aliyev, Yücel Toktaş, Semen Önder, Selman Emirikçi, Vahit Özmen
Male breast cancer is an uncommon disease that constitutes 1% of all breast cancers and encapsulated papillary carcinoma (EPC) is a rare subtype of malignant male diseases. Gynecomastia is the most common disease of the male breast. We report a 63-year-old male patient with EPC accompanied by gynecomastia that was diagnosed and treated at our breast center. Mammography showed an oval-shaped dense mass with circumscribed margins on the ground of nodular gynecomastia. On ultrasonographic exam, we saw a well-circumscribed complex mass with a solid component which was vascular on Doppler ultrasonography...
April 2018: European Journal of Breast Health
Guangbin Zhu, Changying Xie, Zhonghua Yang, Yongzhi Wang, Dong Chen, Xinghuan Wang
The present study aimed to determine whether the expression of transient receptor potential channel 5 (TRPC5) protein is altered in spermatozoa of patients with varicocele-associated asthenozoospermia. TRPC5 expression in spermatozoa was determined by polymerase chain reaction and western blotting analyses, and indirect immunofluorescence was used for identification and immunolocalization of the TRPC5 channel in human sperm. Sperm motility and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were also determined with a computer-assisted semen analysis system and assay kit, respectively...
June 2018: Biomedical Reports
Kaishu Zhang, Zhengyan Ge, Longlong Fu, Qi An, Fang Zhou, Ying Guo, Xiaowei Wang, Wenhong Lu, Xiaowei Liang, Shusong Wang, Xuejun Shang, Yiqun Gu
At present, the treatment of oligoasthenospermia with western medicine is ineffective. Qilin pill (QLP) is a Chinese traditional medicine for treating male infertility. Recent multicenter clinical studies in China reported that QLPs markedly improved sperm quality. However, the mechanism of action of QLPs on oligoasthenospermia remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the mechanistic basis for improvement of semen parameters and reversal of testis damage by QLPs in a rat model of oligoasthenospermia induced by treatment with tripterygium glycosides (TGs) (40 mg/kg) once daily for 4 weeks...
April 24, 2018: Oncotarget
R-C C Njoku, S O Abarikwu, A A Uwakwe, C J Mgbudom-Okah
The growing patronage on herbal remedies and formulations from natural products in most developing countries has warranted research into certain health challenges including their antifertility effects. This study assessed the effects of boiled Telfairia occidentalis (TO) seed-supplemented diets on the level of testosterone and semen quality in Wistar rats. Boiled TO seed diets at 10%, 15% and 30% were given to rats for 60 days. Our study showed that sperm quality was impaired as evidenced by the decreased number of motile spermatozoa, epididymal sperm numbers, percentage live/dead ratio and increased numbers of abnormal spermatozoa comparable to control values (p < ...
May 14, 2018: Andrologia
Akarin Hiransuthikul, Rapeeporn Wongkanya, Sunee Sirivichayakul, Deondara Trachunthong, Thanthip Sungsing, Tippawan Pankam, Praphan Phanuphak, Nittaya Phanuphak
HIV-1 infection is most commonly transmitted by sexual contact across mucosal surfaces. Information on concordance in drug resistance profile between blood plasma and anogenital compartments in resource-limited settings is limited. We aimed to determine discordances in genotypic drug resistance-associated mutations (DRAMs) between blood plasma and semen or rectal secretions among newly diagnosed, antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve, HIV-1-infected Thai men who have sex with men (MSM). Blood plasma, semen, and rectal secretions of HIV-1-infected Thai MSM enrolled from the Test and Treat cohort were tested for genotypic mutations in the reverse transcriptase and protease genes...
May 14, 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
R M Pereira, P Mesquita, V M R Pires, M C Baptista, J P Barbas, J Pimenta, A E M Horta, J A M Prates, C C Marques
An essential role of prion protein testis specific (PRNT) and prion protein 2 dublet (PRND) genes in the male reproductive function has been highlighted, although a deeper knowledge for the mechanisms involved is still lacking. Our goal was to determine the importance of the PRNT haplotypic variants and mRNA expression levels in ovine spermatozoa freezability and ability for fertilization and embryo developmental processes. Their association with the PRND gene polymorphisms was also analyzed. DNA from rams belonging to three Portuguese sheep breeds (n = 28) was screened by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis to identify the PRNT and PRND polymorphisms...
April 11, 2018: Theriogenology
Lakshmi Chaitanya, Krystal Breslin, Sofia Zuñiga, Laura Wirken, Ewelina Pośpiech, Magdalena Kukla-Bartoszek, Titia Sijen, Peter de Knijff, Fan Liu, Wojciech Branicki, Manfred Kayser, Susan Walsh
Forensic DNA Phenotyping (FDP), i.e. the prediction of human externally visible traits from DNA, has become a fast growing subfield within forensic genetics due to the intelligence information it can provide from DNA traces. FDP outcomes can help focus police investigations in search of unknown perpetrators, who are generally unidentifiable with standard DNA profiling. Therefore, we previously developed and forensically validated the IrisPlex DNA test system for eye colour prediction and the HIrisPlex system for combined eye and hair colour prediction from DNA traces...
April 12, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Xiao-Yu Liu, Yu-Juan Li, Hou-Wang Jiang, Hong-Pei Li, Lian-Yu Xiao, Yan-Song Zhao
Ye Tianshi and Xue Shengbai are two febrile disease specialists in same time, and for the treatment of dampness and heat, they have different medication ideas. With the help of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), author has studied two specialists' consilias of dampness and heat, through the statistics and analysis of their medicine during the treatment of dampness and heat, summarizes the similarities and differences of Ye and Xue's medicine application's assoations and models. Ye Tianshi and Xue Shengbai were both thought that the reason of dampness and heat was damp heat pathogenic factors, for this reason, the spleen and stomach conduction disordered, They both treated from the middle-jiao of Yangming and Taiyin, focused on warm-natured medicine, cold-natured medicine, used less cool-natured and heat-natured medicine, and more bitter, pungent, sweet medicine; Ye Tianshi usually use Scutellariae Radix, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Coptidis Rhizoma, Polyporus, Poria, Alismatis Rhizoma; Xue Shengbai commonly use Poria, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, Magnoliae officinalis Cortex, Patchouli, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Lablab Semen Album, Puerariae Lobatae Radix, Mume Fructus, Tsaoko Fructus, Amomi Fructus, Coptidis Rhizoma and Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Deborah Allouche-Fitoussi, Danit Bakhshi, Haim Breitbart
To fertilize the egg, sperm cells must reside in the female reproductive tract for several hours during which they undergo chemical and motility changes collectively called capacitation. During capacitation, the sperm develop a unique type of motility known as hyper-activated motility (HAM). The semen contains Zn2+ in millimolar concentrations, whereas in the female reproductive tract the concentration is around 1 µM. In this study, we characterize the role of Zn2+ in human sperm capacitation focusing on its effect on HAM...
May 11, 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Bin Luo, Wei He, Shi-Heng Wang, Hong-Ping Xiong, Xin Liang, Xu-Dong Shan, Zi-Li Lü
Objective: To investigate the mRNA and protein expressions of outer dense fiber 2 (ODF2) in the sperm of the asthenospermia patient and their differences from those in normal healthy men. METHODS: According to the WHO criteria, we collected semen samples from 45 asthenozoospermia patients and 15 normal healthy volunteers. Using computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA), we divided the semen samples from the asthenospermia patients into a mild, a moderate and a severe group, and determined the mRNA and protein expressions of ODF2 in different groups by RT-PCR and Western blot...
November 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
Yan-Fei Wang, Xin Wu, Rong Hu, Fei-Miao Wang, Shao-Tong Jia, Li-Guo Pei, Hui Wang, Xiao-E Ouyang, Ting Hu, Yun-Xing Fu
Objective: To analyze the correlations of seminal plasma (sp) anti-Müllerian hormone (spAMH) and inhibin B (spINHB) and serum INHB (serINHB) with semen parameters in oligoasthenospermia patients and explore their value in predicting the outcome of routine in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: We obtained the levels of spAMH, spINHB and serINHB as well as semen parameters from 88 infertile males undergoing IVF due to oligoasthenospermia or female uterine tubal factors from August 2016 to February 2017...
November 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
Feng Xue, Shenyan Wang, Haozhen Liu, Chen Li
BACKGROUND: In order to improve the functional properties of plum seed protein isolate (PSPI), the effects of high-intensity ultrasound (20 kHz) at different levels of power output (200, 400 and 600 W) on the water/oil holding, solubility, emulsifying, foaming, gel, film formation capacity and hydrolysis degrees of PSPI were investigated. RESULTS: Compared with untreated PSPI, ultrasound treatment improved water holding capacity, solubility, emulsifying properties, foaming capacity of PSPI...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
J S Filho, C D Corcini, F C C Santos, A N Anciuti, N L S Gatti, E Anastacio, R Mielke, C E W Nogueira, B R Curcio, A S Varela
  BACKGROUND: Supplementation of sperm diluents to reduce the damage caused by the freeze-thaw cycle is broadly used in equine semen cryopreservation. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed at determining the most appropriate quercetin supplementation in equine freezing extender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Quercetin at four different concentrations (0.25, 0.5, 0.75 or 1 mM) was added in the sperm freezing diluent before the freeze-thaw cycle. The spermatozoa population was analyzed by flow cytometry and a statistical analysis was conducted to detect significant differences between control and treated samples...
July 2017: Cryo Letters
A F S Carvalho, L D S Murgas, M R Ferreira-Machad, E S Andrade, V O Felizardo, I B Allaman, F G de Paula
  OBJECTIVE: To identify which sperm characteristics were able to predict more accurately the quality of curimba (Prochilodus lineatus) semen upon freezing using canonical correlation analysis. METHODS: Eleven fish breeders with initial mean weight of 705.21 ± 111 g were used. For cryopreservation, 200 µL of semen were taken from each animal and diluted in the cryoprotectant solution (10% dimethyl sulfoxide and 5% Beltsville Thawing Solution Minitub) in a 1:4 ratio and placed into 0...
July 2017: Cryo Letters
A Khellouf, K Benhenia, S Fatami, M Iguer-Ouada
BACKGROUND: During cryopreservation sperm cells suffer from two major deleterious impacts: oxidative stress and cold shock. OBJECTIVE: To investigate in bovine species the benefit of cholesterol and vitamin E, both loaded in cyclodextrins, as a double protection against oxidative stress and cold shock. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semen was collected from nine mature bulls using an artificial vagina and each ejaculate was split into four equal aliquots...
March 2018: Cryo Letters
H N Ferreira, J C Ferreira-Silva, J M Rocha, M C Farras, M Calixto, M T Moura, M A Alvarenga, A L Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Semen cryopreservation causes DNA damage, thus requiring continuous monitoring. OBJECTIVE: To compare two assays for sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) from stallions with contrasting semen freezability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen stallions were classified as good semen freezers (GSF) or bad semen freezers (BSF). Ejaculates were cryopreserved with three diluents. Semen was subject to SDF evaluation using the sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) and Halomax after thawing (0 h) and after a 4 h thermoresistance test...
January 2018: Cryo Letters
Parameswari Ranganathan, Kamini A Rao, Jesu Jaya Sudan, Sridharan Balasundaram
Smoking releases cadmium (Cd), the metal toxicant which causes an imbalance in reactive oxygen species level in seminal plasma. This imbalance is envisaged to impair the sperm DNA morphology and thereby result in male infertility. In order to correlate this association, we performed in vitro and in silico studies and evaluated the influence of reactive oxygen species imbalance on sperm morphology impairments due to smoking. The study included 76 infertile smokers, 72 infertile non-smokers, 68 fertile smokers and 74 fertile non-smokers (control)...
May 2, 2018: Reproductive Biology
Meng-Ying Xu, Ri-Xin Guo, Xiao Zhang, Xian-Kuo Yu, Ya-Qi Lu, Han-Yan Luo, Li-Ying Tang, Zhu-Ju Wang
A new flavonoid glycoside, named complanatoside C (1), and 19 known compounds (2-20) were isolated from an 95% ethanol extract of Astragali Semen by various chromatographic methods. Their structures were identified on the basis of UV, IR, NMR, MS spectroscopic data analysis, and comparison with those in literature, including fifteen flavonoid glycoside (1-15), and six other constituents (16-20), among which compounds 16-19 were isolated from this plant for the first time.
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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