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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781660/the-development-and-validation-of-the-physical-appearance-comparison-scale-3-pacs-3
#1
Lauren M Schaefer, J Kevin Thompson
Appearance comparison processes are implicated in the development of body-image disturbance and disordered eating. The Physical Appearance Comparison Scale-Revised (PACS-R) assesses the simple frequency of appearance comparisons; however, research has suggested that other aspects of appearance comparisons (e.g., comparison direction) may moderate the association between comparisons and their negative outcomes. In the current study, the PACS-R was revised to examine aspects of comparisons with relevance to body-image and eating outcomes...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760607/association-between-bmi-for-obesity-and-distress-about-appearance-in-korean-adolescents
#2
Hyo Geun Choi, Hyoseob Lim
Background: Previous research has related obesity to body dissatisfaction and low self-esteem. This study aimed to evaluate this relation between obesity and distress about appearance. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study using data from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey for 288,390 participants assessed from 2009 to 2012. The participants were categorized according to body mass index; obese, overweight, healthy weight, and underweight. The relation between obesity and distress was analyzed using simple and multiple logistic regression with complex sampling adjusted for age, sex, region of residence, economic level, parental education level, alcohol consumption, and smoking habits as confounders...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728286/-effect-of-a-physical-activity-program-on-self-esteem-in-subjects-with-chronic-diseases-pas-a-pas-community-intervention-trial
#3
Felipe Villalobos, Angels Vinuesa, Roser Pedret, Alicia Reche, Eva Domínguez, Victoria Arija
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of a 9 months of supervised Physical Activity (PA) Program with sociocultural activities, on self-esteem and its association on the control of chronic diseases in adult primary care users. DESIGN: Multicenter, randomized, controlled community intervention. LOCATION: 4 Primary care centers in Reus-Tarragona, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 364 subjects, randomized to the Control Group (CG=104) and Intervention Group (IG=260)...
May 1, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709109/clinical-outcomes-of-a-stepped-care-program-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#4
Lise Laporte, Joel Paris, Tanya Bergevin, Ronald Fraser, Jean-François Cardin
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the clinical outcomes of two clinics for borderline personality disorder (BPD) in a naturalistic setting, offering a stepped care model with both short-term (ST) treatment lasting 12 weeks and extended care (EC) up to 24 months. METHODS: A total of 479 patients attending the ST clinic and 145 attending the EC clinic were assessed on depression, impulsivity, self-esteem, emotion dysregulation, substance abuse, self-harm and suicidality...
April 30, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704182/early-childhood-obesity-risk-factors-socioeconomic-adversity-family-dysfunction-offspring-distress-and-junk-food-self-medication
#5
REVIEW
Erik Hemmingsson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To explore the sequence and interaction of infancy and early childhood risk factors, particularly relating to disturbances in the social environment, and how the consequences of such exposures can promote weight gain and obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: This review will argue that socioeconomic adversity is a key upstream catalyst that sets the stage for critical midstream risk factors such as family strain and dysfunction, offspring insecurity, stress, emotional turmoil, low self-esteem, and poor mental health...
April 27, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699527/collaborative-individualised-lifestyle-interventions-are-acceptable-to-people-with-first-episode-psychosis-a-qualitative-study
#6
Rebecca Pedley, Karina Lovell, Penny Bee, Tim Bradshaw, Judith Gellatly, Kate Ward, Adrine Woodham, Alison Wearden
BACKGROUND: The adverse impact of unhealthy lifestyle choices and the prescription of antipsychotic medications contribute to weight gain, poor cardiovascular health and reduced life expectancy for people with psychosis. The present study aimed to explore the acceptability and perceived outcomes of a lifestyle intervention designed to prevent or reduce weight gain in people with first-episode psychosis. METHODS: This was a qualitative study using a data-driven approach...
April 25, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697398/-swot-analysis-of-professional-personal-competence-of-economists-in-medical-organizations
#7
T Issayev, A Masalimova, R Magzumova
In modern conditions, there is a tendency to replace the qualification approach of assessing economists in medical organizations - competence. The purpose of the study was to identify the professional and personal abilities of economists in medical organizations to actively participate in the management decisions of the medical organization in the transition from public administration to the right of economic management. The study was carried out in 3 stages. At the first stage, the degree of influence of the experience of the economist, the frequency of training and its burden on the profitability of the medical organization was analyzed...
March 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677688/relating-shape-weight-based-self-esteem-depression-and-anxiety-with-weight-and-perceived-physical-health-among-young-adults
#8
Rebecca C Kamody, Idia B Thurston, Kristina M Decker, Caroline C Kaufman, Kendrin R Sonneville, Tracy K Richmond
Simultaneous contributions of self-esteem, depression, and anxiety to weight and perceived physical health in young adults is understudied. A diverse sample of 424 young adults completed measures of shape/weight based self-esteem, depression, anxiety, and perceived physical health. Height and weight were measured to calculate body mass index (BMI). Latent profile analysis was conducted to derive patterns of depression, anxiety, and shape/weight based self-esteem. Then, we examined the association of the profiles with weight status and perceived physical health...
April 17, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676530/short-and-long-term-changes-in-health-related-quality-of-life-with-weight-loss-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Rebecca L Pearl, Thomas A Wadden, Jena Shaw Tronieri, Robert I Berkowitz, Ariana M Chao, Naji Alamuddin, Sharon M Leonard, Raymond Carvajal, Zayna M Bakizada, Emilie Pinkasavage, Kathryn A Gruber, Olivia A Walsh, Nasreen Alfaris
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of weight loss and weight loss maintenance (WLM) on weight-specific health-related quality of life in a 66-week trial. METHODS: Adults with obesity (N = 137, 86.1% female, 68.6% black, mean age = 46.1 years) who had lost ≥ 5% of initial weight in a 14-week intensive lifestyle intervention/low-calorie diet (LCD) program were randomly assigned to lorcaserin or placebo for an additional 52-week WLM program...
April 20, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667718/trajectories-of-psychopathology-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-from-early-adolescence-to-adulthood-a-20-year-longitudinal-study
#10
Ryan J Van Lieshout, Mark A Ferro, Louis A Schmidt, Michael H Boyle, Saroj Saigal, Katherine M Morrison, Karen J Mathewson
BACKGROUND: Individuals born extremely preterm are exposed to significant perinatal stresses that are associated with an increased risk of psychopathology. However, a paucity of longitudinal studies has prevented the empirical examination of long-term, dynamic effects of perinatal adversity on mental health. Here, internalizing and externalizing problems from adolescence through adulthood were compared in individuals born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1,000 g) and normal birth weight (NBW; >2,500 g)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655386/a-comparative-network-analysis-of-eating-disorder-psychopathology-and-co-occurring-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-before-and-after-treatment
#11
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Rachel C Leonard, Chad T Wetterneck, Brad E R Smith, Nicholas R Farrell, Bradley C Riemann, Stephen A Wonderlich, Markus Moessner
BACKGROUND: Network analysis is an emerging approach in the study of psychopathology, yet few applications have been seen in eating disorders (EDs). Furthermore, little research exists regarding changes in network strength after interventions. Therefore the present study examined the network structures of ED and co-occurring depression and anxiety symptoms before and after treatment for EDs. METHOD: Participants from residential or partial hospital ED treatment programs (N = 446) completed assessments upon admission and discharge...
April 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651395/fat-grafting-technique-a-paradigm-shift-in-the-treatment-of-tuberous-breast
#12
Claudiox Claudio Silva-Vergara, Joan Fontdevila, Omar Weshahy
BACKGROUND: The tuberous breast syndrome is a condition that affects young women and can bring on serious disorders of self-esteem. There are numerous surgical techniques to correct this condition, but most of them include the use of breast implants to replace lack of volume. Nowadays, patients are increasingly becoming more demanding to get a definitive solution with minimal aesthetic sequelae. METHODS: We present a series of 11 patients with tuberous breast deformities treated with lipofilling technique...
January 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620385/identity-and-the-body-trajectories-of-body-esteem-from-adolescence-to-emerging-adulthood
#13
Sarah C Nelson, Johanna Kling, Maria Wängqvist, Ann Frisén, Moin Syed
Although Erikson (1968) originally conceptualized identity development as a process of becoming at home in one's body, little work has been done linking identity development and research on the body. This study examines how trajectories of the development of body esteem over time are related to young people's sense of identity and psychological functioning in a longitudinal sample from age 10 to 24 (N = 967). Using group-based trajectory modeling, three cubic subgroups were determined for each of the three types of body esteem: appearance, weight, and attribution...
April 5, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601502/demographics-and-psychological-factors-associated-with-adiposity-in-nurses
#14
Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Reyna Sámano, Daniela Chinchilla-Ochoa, Rosa Morales-Hernández, Ana Rodríguez-Ventura
Adiposity-based chronic disease (ABCD), overweight-Ow- or obesity-Ob-) in health personnel is as frequent as in the general population, even though they understand well the importance of maintaining a healthy weight. Thus, it is highly likely that certain demographic and psychological conditions, independently of knowledge, are contributing to develop ABCD. The aim of this study was to examine the association between these factors and ABCD in nurses. Data were collected from a cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary level institute in Mexico City from 2012 to 2013...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590247/what-do-cochrane-systematic-reviews-say-about-non-surgical-interventions-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#15
Anderson Adriano Leal Freitas da Costa, Igor Martins Vasconcellos, Rafael Leite Pacheco, Zsuzsanna Ilona Katalin de Jármy Di Bella, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence is a highly prevalent condition that impacts self-esteem and overall quality of life. Many non-surgical treatment options are available, ranging from pharmacological approaches to pelvic exercises. We aimed to summarize the available evidence regarding these non-surgical interventions. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of systematic reviews, conducted in the Discipline of Evidence-Based Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM-UNIFESP)...
January 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588853/disordered-eating-in-a-swedish-community-sample-of-adolescent-girls-subgroups-stability-and-associations-with-body-esteem-deliberate-self-harm-and-other-difficulties
#16
Njördur Viborg, Margit Wångby-Lundh, Lars-Gunnar Lundh, Ulf Wallin, Per Johnsson
Background: The developmental study of subtypes of disordered eating (DE) during adolescence may be relevant to understand the development of eating disorders. The purpose of the present study was to identify subgroups with different profiles of DE in a community sample of adolescent girls aged 13-15 years, and to study the stability of these profiles and subgroups over a one-year interval in order to find patterns that may need to be addressed in further research and prevention. Methods: Cluster analysis according to the LICUR procedure was performed on five aspects of DE, and the structural and individual stability of these clusters was analysed...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578841/achieving-body-confidence-for-young-children-development-and-pilot-study-of-a-universal-teacher-led-body-image-and-weight-stigma-program-for-early-primary-school-children
#17
Stephanie R Damiano, Zali Yager, Siân A McLean, Susan J Paxton
Negative body image attitudes develop in early childhood and there is a need for school-based resources during the early school years, but no teacher-delivered curriculum-based resources exist to mitigate these attitudes in young children. Achieving Body Confidence for Young Children (ABC-4-YC), a universal body dissatisfaction and weight stigma prevention program, was developed and then delivered in a pilot study. Fifty-one 5- to 8-year-old children completed pre- and post-intervention interviews assessing body image attitudes, and seven teachers provided feedback...
March 26, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559497/antipsychotic-medication-and-type-2-diabetes-and-impaired-glucose-regulation
#18
Clare Whicher, Hermione Clare Price, Richard Ig Holt
Objective There have been concerns about the effects of antipsychotics on weight gain and the development of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). This article aims to provide an up to date review on the evidence addressing this issue and the practical implications for the management of people taking antipsychotics in the context of T2DM. Methods We carried out searches on MEDLINE/PUBMED and the ClinicalTrials.gov website in August 2017 using the terms 'antipsychotic' and 'diabetes' or 'glucose' citing articles published after 2006 preferentially...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554445/body-esteem-in-a-western-australian-cleft-lip-and-or-palate-cohort-across-3-age-groups
#19
Wendy Nicholls, Craig Harper, Linda A Selvey, Suzanne Robinson, Gerald Hartig, Martin Persson
OBJECTIVES: To determine if patients with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) from a Western Australian (WA) cohort were more dissatisfied with their body esteem than a normative non-cleft cohort, and identify demographic variables that may have significant associations with body esteem. DESIGN: Questionnaire study using the Body-Esteem Scale (BES) and Cleft Research Questionnaire (CRQ). PARTICIPANTS: Self-selected participants from a Western Australian CL/P population across 3 age groups (n=359)...
April 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532971/the-effects-of-middle-school-weight-climate-on-youth-with-higher-body-weight
#20
Jaana Juvonen, Leah M Lessard, Hannah L Schacter, Craig Enders
This study examines whether social-emotional difficulties associated with higher body weight vary across schools as a function of the school's weight climate. Weight climate, characterized by weight-policing, was assessed indirectly by examining how strongly self-reported weight predicts victim reputation within 26 ethnically diverse middle schools. Social-emotional indicators included self-reported loneliness, school belonging, and self-esteem. In schools with stronger weight-policing at seventh grade, loneliness was intensified by eighth grade among both girls (n = 2,101) and boys (n = 1,985) with higher weight...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
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