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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220456/obesity-in-children-and-the-myth-of-psychological-maladjustment-self-esteem-in-the-spotlight
#1
REVIEW
Andrew J Hill
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are contrasting views regarding the psychological well-being of children with obesity. Responding to limitations of existing evidence, Jane Wardle in 2005 argued for a 'myth of psychological maladjustment'. This review looks again at self-esteem. RECENT FINDINGS: The different characterisations of self-esteem each offer value. Global self-esteem is reduced in nearly all studies of youth with obesity. Dimensional self-esteem reveals physical appearance, athletic and social competence as the most affected areas, confirmed by research that has operationalised low self-competence...
February 20, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215287/the-development-of-body-image-and-weight-bias-in-childhood
#2
S J Paxton, S R Damiano
Negative body image attitudes are related to the onset of disordered eating, poor self-esteem, general mental health problems, and obesity. In this chapter, we will review the nature of body image attitudes in girls and boys in early (approximately 3-7 years old) and later childhood (approximately 8-11 years old). The body image attitudes explored in this chapter include body image attitudes related to the self, with a focus on body dissatisfaction, and body image attitudes related to others, with a focus on weight bias...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181664/association-of-overweight-and-obesity-with-decline-in-academic-performance-among-female-high-school-students-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#3
M A Adaili, A G Mohamed, H Alkhashan
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between overweight/obesity and future academic performance among high-school students in Saudi Arabia. This was a retrospective cohort study of 257 12th grade female students in Alabna (Ministry of Defence) high schools in Riyadh during 2013/14. Overweight/obesity was based on weight and height at 10th grade. Decline in academic performance was defined as a reduction by > 1 standard deviation in marks between 10th and 12th grades. One hundred and five students were overweight/obese and 30 had declined academic performance...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122128/an-8-item-short-form-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-adapted-for-children-chede-q8
#4
Sören Kliem, Ricarda Schmidt, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
Eating disturbances are common in children placing a vulnerable group of them at risk for full-syndrome eating disorders and adverse health outcomes. To provide a valid self-report assessment of eating disorder psychopathology in children, a short form of the child version of the Eating Disorder Examination (ChEDE-Q) was psychometrically evaluated. Similar to the EDE-Q, the ChEDE-Q provides assessment of eating disorder psychopathology related to anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder; however, the ChEDE-Q does not assess symptoms of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, pica, or rumination disorder...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093790/a-case-series-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Elizabeth K Hughes, Daniel Le Grange, Andrew Court, Susan M Sawyer
The aim of this case series was to examine engagement in and outcomes of family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescents with DSM-5 atypical AN, that is, adolescents who were not underweight at presentation. Consecutive referrals for FBT of adolescents with atypical AN to a specialist child and adolescent eating disorder program were examined. Engagement in treatment (i.e., dose of treatment, completion rate), and changes in psychological symptomatology (i.e., eating disorder symptoms, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, obsessive compulsiveness), weight, and menstrual function were examined...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032161/psychological-and-psychiatric-traits-in-post-bariatric-patients-asking-for-body-contouring-surgery
#6
Chiara Pavan, Massimo Marini, Eleonora De Antoni, Carlotta Scarpa, Tito Brambullo, Franco Bassetto, Annapina Mazzotta, Vincenzo Vindigni
BACKGROUNDS: Obese patients, mainly females, feel uncomfortable and unsatisfied with their physical appearance; they have a wrong perception of their image and consequently diminish their self-esteem, sometimes showing difficulties in functional areas such as work, relationship, social activity. Beside health concerns, improving their appearance and body image are often common motives for weight loss in obese individuals and after weight loss about 30% of bariatric surgery patients undergo plastic surgical correction of excessive skin...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013298/body-dissatisfaction-in-individuals-with-obesity-compared-to-normal-weight-individuals-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Natascha-Alexandra Weinberger, Anette Kersting, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Claudia Luck-Sikorski
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction has been identified as a psychological correlate of obesity that is related to disordered eating, poor self-esteem, and depression. However, not all individuals with obesity are equally vulnerable to these correlates, and 'normative discontent' is present in individuals with normal weight, too. In this light, the complex relationship of body image and individual weight status seems like a worthwhile direction of research inquiry. As such, this review aims to systematically explore the degree of body dissatisfaction in individuals with obesity compared to normal-weight individuals...
2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999670/a-qualitative-analysis-of-participants-reflections-on-body-image-during-participation-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#8
Maria Fogelkvist, Thomas Parling, Lars Kjellin, Sanna Aila Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Negative body image is a risk factor for development and relapse in eating disorders (ED). Many patients continue to be dissatisfied with their body shape or weight after treatment. This study presents a qualitative analysis of written reflections on body image from patients with an ED and a negative body image before and after an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy group treatment at a specialized ED-unit. METHOD: Before and after the treatment participants (n = 47) answered a questionnaire with open ended questions on their thoughts on body image...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993460/declining-well-being-in-young-swedes-born-in-1990-versus-1974
#9
Ebba Brann, John E Chaplin, Monica Leu Agelii, Agneta Sjöberg, Aimon Niklasson, Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland, Lauren Lissner
PURPOSE: Well-being is affected by the environment, including societal changes. In this study, specific dimensions of well-being were compared in two cohorts of Swedish adolescents born 16 years apart. METHODS: Two groups of 18-year-olds, "Grow up Gothenburg" 1974 and 1990 birth cohorts, completed a self-reported questionnaire including the Gothenburg Well-Being in adolescence scale (GWBa). In addition, height and weight were measured, resulting in 4,362 participants (1974 birth cohort) and 5,151 participants (1990 birth cohort) with age, height, weight, and well-being data...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941519/quality-of-life-among-adults-following-bariatric-and-body-contouring-surgery-a-systematic-review
#10
Jo Gilmartin, Fiona Bath-Hextall, Joan Maclean, Wendy Stanton, Mark Soldin
BACKGROUND: Weight loss following bariatric surgery is associated with significant improvements in obesity-related comorbidities, body satisfaction and psychosocial outcomes, at least in the short term. However, in the context of extreme weight loss, body image and appearance may worsen again because the "excess" or "loose" skin can lead to both functional and profound dissatisfaction with appearance. These concerns have led to an increasing uptake of post-bariatric surgery, "body-contouring" procedures but the implications for quality of life (QoL) have not been thoroughly considered...
November 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932687/diabetes-distress-among-persons-with-type-1-diabetes
#11
Margaret A Powers, Sara A Richter, Diann M Ackard, Cheryl Craft
Purpose The purpose of this study is to evaluate associations between diabetes distress and a range of psychological health behaviors and concerns among persons with type 1 diabetes for the benefit of enhancing early identification and intervention of at-risk individuals. Methods Persons with type 1 diabetes (n = 268; 57.1% female, 91.0% white, 76.8% <18 years of age, average A1C 8.4%) completed the 2-item Diabetes Distress Screening Scale (DDS2) and a battery of psychometrically sound instruments measuring satisfaction with life, self-esteem, self-efficacy, depression, perfectionism, body image satisfaction, dietary restraint and eating, and shape and weight concerns...
February 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925798/excessive-time-on-social-networking-sites-and-disordered-eating-behaviors-among-undergraduate-students-appearance-and-weight-esteem-as-mediating-pathways
#12
Marisa Murray, Danijela Maras, Gary S Goldfield
Social networking sites (SNS) are a popular form of communication among undergraduate students. Body image concerns and disordered eating behaviors are also quite prevalent among this population. Maladaptive use of SNS has been associated with disordered eating behaviors; however, the mechanisms remain unclear. The present study examined if body image concerns (e.g., appearance and weight esteem) mediate the relationship between excessive time spent on SNS and disordered eating behaviors (restrained and emotional eating)...
December 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923968/exploring-gender-differences-in-a-randomized-trial-of-weight-loss-maintenance
#13
Melissa M Crane, Robert W Jeffery, Nancy E Sherwood
The purpose of this study is to explore gender differences in reasons for losing weight, weight loss methods, and weight loss behaviors prior to and during a weight loss maintenance trial. This is a secondary analysis of data from a 24-month randomized controlled trial comparing Self-Directed or Guided phone-based weight loss maintenance interventions among adults who had intentionally lost ≥10% of their body weight in the year prior to enrollment. Participants reported their weight loss methods and reasons for recently losing weight at baseline...
March 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923254/-influence-of-attachment-style-on-the-outcome-of-bariatric-surgery-a-pilot-study
#14
Johanna Elisabeth Appel, Franziska Ift, Hermann Kißler, Christof Kloos, Thomas Lehmann, Bernhard Strauß, Katharina Wick
Background: Bariatric surgery can lower body weight and comorbidities. Different factors might influence the outcome of this treatment. This pilot study examines whether patients' attachment style can influence surgical outcome. Methods: The sample consisted of 32 patients (f=24; m=8; BMI preoperative=47,8 kg/m(2)±5,2; age=53±9,84) who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The following variables were assessed pre- and postoperatively via questionnaires: quality of life (BAROS), self esteem (SES), depression, anxiety, psychological distress (SCL-90R), feelings of hunger, cognitive control, irritated eating behaviour (FEV) and weight related variables (BMI, EWL%, EBL%, TBL)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902543/associations-of-anthropometric-behavioral-and-social-factors-on-level-of-body-esteem-in-peripubertal-girls
#15
Elizabeth A Szamreta, Bo Qin, Pamela A Ohman-Strickland, Katie A Devine, Jerod L Stapleton, Jeanne M Ferrante, Elisa V Bandera
OBJECTIVE: Lower body esteem may decrease self-esteem and lead to adverse health effects in children. This study explored the role of anthropometric, behavioral, and social factors on body esteem in peripubertal girls. METHOD: We evaluated associations of body esteem (measured by the Revised Body Esteem Scale) with body mass index (BMI), mother's BMI, puberty, physical activity, role models for appearance, and screen time among girls (ages 9 and 10) participating in the Jersey Girl Study (n = 120)...
January 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899540/the-1-minute-sit-to-stand-test-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis-correlations-with-cardiopulmonary-exercise-test-6-minute-walk-test-and-quadriceps-strength
#16
Mathieu Gruet, Leonardo Alexandre Peyré-Tartaruga, Laurent Mely, Jean-Marc Vallier
BACKGROUND: Exercise testing is part of the regular assessment of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). We aimed to evaluate (1) the convergent validity of the 1-min sit-to-stand (STS) test in CF by investigating its relationships with peak oxygen uptake (peak V̇O2 ), quadriceps strength, and quality of life and (2) to compare these associations with those of the 6-min walk test (6MWT). METHODS: Twenty-five adults with CF (FEV1 = 59 ± 24%) performed the STS test, the 6MWT, quadriceps strength assessment, and cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET)...
December 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881930/psychological-consequences-of-childhood-obesity-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-prevention
#17
REVIEW
Jean Rankin, Lynsay Matthews, Stephen Cobley, Ahreum Han, Ross Sanders, Huw D Wiltshire, Julien S Baker
Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century with far-reaching and enduring adverse consequences for health outcomes. Over 42 million children <5 years worldwide are estimated to be overweight (OW) or obese (OB), and if current trends continue, then an estimated 70 million children will be OW or OB by 2025. The purpose of this review was to focus on psychiatric, psychological, and psychosocial consequences of childhood obesity (OBy) to include a broad range of international studies...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852337/eating-problems-in-adolescents-and-youths-explanatory-variables
#18
Carmen Maganto, Maite Garaigordobil, Lorea Kortabarria
This study had the following goals: (1) to analyze the differences between participants with and without risk of eating disorders (ED) in self-esteem, happiness, depression, anxiety, anger, and psychological variables related to ED; (2) to determine possible differences in the group at risk of ED on these variables as a function of sex; and (3) to determine which variables explain the risk of ED. Eight assessment instruments were administered to 1.075 participants (74.6% without risk of ED and 25.4% at risk)...
November 17, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834509/is-the-bifactor-model-a-better-model-or-is-it-just-better-at-modeling-implausible-responses-application-of-iteratively-reweighted-least-squares-to-the-rosenberg-self-esteem-scale
#19
Steven P Reise, Dale S Kim, Maxwell Mansolf, Keith F Widaman
Although the structure of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) has been exhaustively evaluated, questions regarding dimensionality and direction of wording effects continue to be debated. To shed new light on these issues, we ask (a) for what percentage of individuals is a unidimensional model adequate, (b) what additional percentage of individuals can be modeled with multidimensional specifications, and (c) what percentage of individuals respond so inconsistently that they cannot be well modeled? To estimate these percentages, we applied iteratively reweighted least squares (IRLS) to examine the structure of the RSES in a large, publicly available data set...
November 2016: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822375/typical-patterns-of-disordered-eating-among-swedish-adolescents-associations-with-emotion-dysregulation-depression-and-self-esteem
#20
Erika Hansson, Daiva Daukantaitė, Per Johnsson
BACKGROUND: Using the person-oriented approach, we determined the relationships between four indicators (restraint and eating, shape, and weight concerns) of disordered eating (DE), as measured by the self-reported Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), to identify typical DE patterns. We then related these patterns to clinical EDE-Q cut-off scores and emotion dysregulation, depression, self-esteem, and two categories of DE behaviors (≥2 or ≤1 "yes" responses on the SCOFF questionnaire)...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
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