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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152478/changes-in-dietary-patterns-and-body-composition-within-12-months-of-liver-transplantation
#1
Simone M McCoy, Katrina L Campbell, Annie-Claude M Lassemillante, Matthew P Wallen, Jonathan Fawcett, Maree Jarrett, Graeme A Macdonald, Ingrid J Hickman
Background: Cardiometabolic risk factors are increasing in liver transplant recipients (LTR). Influencing dietary factors have not been assessed. The aim of this observational study was to assess changes in weight, metabolic function, dietary intake and eating behaviours in the first year after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Methods: Consecutive recruitment of 17 patients (14 males) awaiting OLT at a single tertiary hospital. Dietary intake, food behaviours and anthropometry were recorded at baseline, and 6 and 12 months post-transplant...
October 2017: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150753/psychological-aspects-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
Rajesh Sagar, Tanu Gupta
Childhood obesity is multi factorial health condition, so the simple evaluation of body fat will not be sufficed to manage the global epidemic of childhood obesity. Literature consistently provides evidence for physical health risks associated with childhood obesity; however in recent times, mental health of the obese children has also gained attention of the researchers as well as clinicians. Obese children experience number of psycho-social problems that significantly affect their quality of life and wellbeing...
November 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150223/do-factors-related-to-participation-in-physical-activity-change-following-restrictive-bariatric-surgery-a-qualitative-study
#3
Juliana Zabatiero, Anne Smith, Kylie Hill, Jeffrey M Hamdorf, Susan F Taylor, Martin S Hagger, Daniel F Gucciardi
AIMS: To explore participants' ability to participate in physical activity (PA), and barriers and facilitators to PA, at 12 months following restrictive bariatric surgery, and how these differed from participants' pre-surgery perceptions. Motivators for PA post-surgery were also explored. METHODS: Qualitative one-on-one in-depth interviews were conducted pre- and 12 months post-surgery. Data were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. RESULTS: Fourteen adults (12 females), with a mean (range) age of 41...
November 14, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128584/the-influence-of-maternal-modeling-on-body-image-concerns-and-eating-disturbances-in-preadolescent-girls
#4
Charlotte M Handford, Ronald M Rapee, Jasmine Fardouly
Research suggests that mothers may influence the development of body image concerns and eating disturbances in their daughters by modeling negative body image beliefs and unhealthy eating behaviors. However, the causal nature of that mode of influence is yet to be established. This study implemented an experimental design to examine the impact of mothers' modeling of negative comments about their own appearance and diet on their daughters' body image concerns and eating behaviors. Participants were 8-12 year old girls and their mothers (N = 50)...
November 6, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120192/weight-stigma-and-health-the-mediating-role-of-coping-responses
#5
Mary S Himmelstein, Rebecca M Puhl, Diane M Quinn
OBJECTIVE: Considerable evidence has documented links between weight stigma and poor health, independent of weight. However, little research has assessed how individuals cope with weight stigma, and how stigma-specific coping responses contribute to health. The present study examined multiple stigma-specific coping responses as mediators of the relationship between experienced weight stigma and health. METHOD: A diverse national sample of 912 adults (53.9% female, Mage = 40...
November 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117298/long-term-quality-of-life-outcomes-after-body-contouring-surgery-phase-iv-results-for-the-body-qol%C3%A2-cohort
#6
Jaco Suijker, Ekaterina Troncoso, Francisca Pizarro, Sofia Montecinos, Galia Villarroel, Cristian Erazo, Juan Pablo Cisternas, Patricio Andrades, Susana Benítez, Sergio Sepúlveda, Stefan Danilla
Background: Body contouring surgery (BCS) is becoming increasing popular for aesthetic and reconstructive purposes, particularly among patients with massive weight loss (MWL). However, data on quality of life (QoL) following the surgery are limited, especially long-term QoL. Objectives: The authors evaluated the effect of BCS on QoL and the durability of this effect over time. Methods: QoL was measured with the Body-QoL® instrument at 3 time points among consecutively treated patients: the day before BCS, 1 to 9 months postoperatively (short term), and 1 to 2...
June 3, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110533/childhood-language-skills-and-adolescent-self-esteem-in-preterm-survivors
#7
Umna A Islam, Kristie L Poole, Louis A Schmidt, Jennifer Ford, Saroj Saigal, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Fifty-seven percent of children with poor language skills are affected by socio-emotional problems. Despite the importance of language skills to interpersonal functioning and school performance, relatively little is known about how they affect self-esteem in adolescence. Data on youth at high risk for language problems (e.g. those born extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 grams)) are even more scarce. This prospective study examined associations between language skills at age 8 and self-esteem during adolescence (12-16 years) in individuals born at ELBW ( N = 138) or normal birth weight (NBW; >2500 grams) ( N = 111)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083224/form-and-formulation-examining-the-distinctiveness-of-body-image-constructs-in-treatment-seeking-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder
#8
Janet A Lydecker, Marney A White, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Body-image disturbance is a core aspect of eating disorders, yet the clinical manifestations of individuals' weight and shape concerns are complex, vary considerably, and are poorly understood by clinicians and researchers. This study aimed to distinguish different aspects of body-image disturbance-including weight/shape dissatisfaction, weight/shape overvaluation, weight/shape preoccupation, and fear of weight gain-in patients with binge-eating disorder (BED). Examining how each specific body image construct relates to biopsychosocial features of BED could contribute to the refinement of conceptualization and treatment planning...
November 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080721/no-350-hirsutism-evaluation-and-treatment
#9
Kimberly Liu, Tarek Motan, Paul Claman
OBJECTIVES: To review the etiology, evaluation, and treatment of hirsutism. EVALUATION: A thorough history and physical examination plus selected laboratory evaluations will confirm the diagnosis and direct treatment. TREATMENT: Pharmacologic interventions can suppress ovarian or adrenal androgen production and block androgen receptors in the hair follicle. Hair removal methods and lifestyle modifications may improve or hasten the therapeutic response...
November 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077561/polish-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-physical-appearance-comparison-scale-pacs-an-analysis-among-young-people-in-late-adolescence-in-the-context-of-obesity
#10
Anna Dzielska, Joanna Mazur, Hanna Nałęcz, Anna Oblacińska, Małgorzata Strucińska
INTRODUCTION: The PACS scale is a tool which is widely used in foreign studies to evaluate the tendency towards appearance comparisons in social situations. People inclined to make such comparisons reveal a higher level of dissatisfaction with their body and a higher inclination towards problem eating. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The main purpose of the study was to adapt the PACS scale. A factor structure assessment and reliability analysis of the Polish version was carried out...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072551/randomized-controlled-trial-of-rebel-a-peer-education-program-to-promote-positive-body-image-healthy-eating-behavior-and-empowerment-in-teens
#11
Laura Eickman, Jessica Betts, Lauren Pollack, Frances Bozsik, Marshall Beauchamp, Jennifer Lundgren
Short-term outcomes associated with participation in REbeL, a peer-led dissonance-based eating disorder prevention program for high school students, were evaluated. Seventy-one students across the three high schools were enrolled in the study (REbeL N = 48; Control N = 23) and were assessed on measures of eating attitudes and behaviors, body image, weight bias, self-esteem, empowerment, and mood at the beginning of the school year; 37 REbeL students and 20 control students completed assessments at the end of the school year...
October 26, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061554/stopping-antidepressants-and-anxiolytics-as-major-concerns-reported-in-online-health-communities-a-text-mining-approach
#12
Adeline Abbe, Bruno Falissard
BACKGROUND: Internet is a particularly dynamic way to quickly capture the perceptions of a population in real time. Complementary to traditional face-to-face communication, online social networks help patients to improve self-esteem and self-help. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use text mining on material from an online forum exploring patients' concerns about treatment (antidepressants and anxiolytics). METHODS: Concerns about treatment were collected from discussion titles in patients' online community related to antidepressants and anxiolytics...
October 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052749/-body-experience-and-self-esteem-after-minimally-invasive-skin-rejuvenation-study-of-female-patients-using-botulinum-toxin%C3%A2-a-and-or-dermal-fillers
#13
REVIEW
D Scharschmidt, S Preiß, E Brähler, T Fischer, A Borkenhagen
BACKGROUND: More and more people worldwide and also in Germany are using botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) and hyaluronic acid injections for skin rejuvenation. OBJECTIVE: Study on body image and self-esteem of women with BoNT-A and/or hyaluronic acid filler treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 145 women who requested BoNT-A and/or hyaluronic acid injections completed a survey comprised of the body dysmorphic disorder questionnaire, the Rosenberg self-esteem scale and questionnaires on the attitudes and motives on measures for optimization of the body and demographic features...
October 20, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031643/physical-fitness-and-psychological-health-in-overweight-obese-children-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-activebrains-project
#14
M Rodriguez-Ayllon, C Cadenas-Sanchez, I Esteban-Cornejo, J H Migueles, J Mora-Gonzalez, P Henriksson, M Martín-Matillas, A Mena-Molina, P Molina-García, F Estévez-López, G M Enriquez, J C Perales, J R Ruiz, A Catena, F B Ortega
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of physical fitness (i.e. cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, and speed/agility) with psychological distress and psychological well-being in overweight/obese pre-adolescent children. DESIGN: 110 overweight/obese children (10.0±1.1years old, 61 boys) from the ActiveBrains project (http://profith.ugr.es/activebrains) participated in this cross-sectional study. METHODS: Physical fitness was evaluated by the ALPHA battery test...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017597/estimating-the-economic-and-social-consequences-for-patients-diagnosed-with-human-african-trypanosomiasis-in-muchinga-lusaka-and-eastern-provinces-of-zambia-2004-2014
#15
Allan Mayaba Mwiinde, Martin Simuunza, Boniface Namangala, Chitalu Miriam Chama-Chiliba, Noreen Machila, Neil Anderson, Alexandra Shaw, Susan C Welburn
BACKGROUND: Acute human African trypanosomiasis (rHAT) caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense is associated with high mortality and is fatal if left untreated. Only a few studies have examined the psychological, social and economic impacts of rHAT. In this study, mixed qualitative and quantitative research methods were used to evaluate the socio-economic impacts of rHAT in Mambwe, Rufunsa, Mpika and Chama Districts of Zambia. METHODS: Individuals diagnosed with rHAT from 2004 to 2014 were traced using hospital records and discussions with communities...
October 10, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016877/work-related-stress-assessed-by-a-text-message-single-item-stress-question
#16
B Arapovic-Johansson, C Wåhlin, L Kwak, C Björklund, I Jensen
Background: Given the prevalence of work stress-related ill-health in the Western world, it is important to find cost-effective, easy-to-use and valid measures which can be used both in research and in practice. Aims: To examine the validity and reliability of the single-item stress question (SISQ), distributed weekly by short message service (SMS) and used for measurement of work-related stress. Methods: The convergent validity was assessed through associations between the SISQ and subscales of the Job Demand-Control-Support model, the Effort-Reward Imbalance model and scales measuring depression, exhaustion and sleep...
August 18, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985837/patient-reported-quality-of-life-after-bariatric-surgery-a-single-institution-analysis
#17
Andrew J Vegel, Neil Shah, Anne O Lidor, Jacob A Greenberg, Ying Shan, Xing Wang, Luke M Funk
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an effective weight loss and comorbidity treatment among severely obese patients. However, there are limited data describing its impact on patient-reported quality of life (QoL). We examined patient-reported QoL after bariatric surgery and analyzed variables associated with higher postoperative QoL. METHODS: Patient demographics, comorbidities, and weight loss data were obtained from our institutional database for patients who underwent bariatric surgery from January 2010 to December 2012...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968437/psychosocial-correlates-of-unintentional-weight-loss-in-the-second-half-of-life-in-the-german-general-population
#18
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König
BACKGROUND: Unintentional weight loss (UWL) is common in older age and associated with adverse outcomes including mortality. The aim of the present study was to determine psychosocial correlates of UWL. METHODS: Data were derived from a large, nationally representative study of community-dwelling individuals in the second half of life (40 years and over) in Germany in 2014 (n = 7,933). Data on UWL were assessed in face-to-face interviews as unintentional loss of more than 5kg (11 pounds) in weight in the past 12 months, and data on psychosocial factors were recorded in self-administered questionnaires...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961352/therapeutic-alliance-in-psychological-therapy-for-people-with-schizophrenia-and-related-psychoses-a-systematic-review
#19
Lucy Shattock, Katherine Berry, Amy Degnan, Dawn Edge
Therapeutic alliance is a key predictor of therapy outcomes. Alliance may be particularly pertinent for people with schizophrenia as this group often have a history of interpersonal trauma and relationship difficulties including difficult relationships with mental health staff. This review aimed to determine (a) the quality of therapeutic alliance between people with schizophrenia and their therapists; (b) whether alliance predicts therapeutic outcomes; and (c) variables associated with alliance. Databases were searched from inception up to April 2015...
September 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953800/perception-of-body-image-in-early-adolescence-an-investigation-in-secondary-schools
#20
Maria Rosaria Juli
INTRODUCTION: The clinical evidence shows that the onset of eating disorders is increasing in the prepubescent phase or even in childhood. Already starting from the prepubescence the certainties related to the body start to unwind and the individual is encouraged to build new ones, based both on the anatomic transformation of his/her own body and on the social expectation according to the identity. The onset of a Eating Disorders is normally between 13 and 25 years, but in the last years we recorded a lowering in the onset threshold to an age between 11 and 13 years, with some earlier cases at 7 years (Franzoni et al...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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