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Shizhong Ke, Shuzhen Chen, Zihui Dong, Christopher S Hong, Qi Zhang, Liang Tang, Pinghua Yang, Jian Zhai, Hexin Yan, Feng Shen, Zhengping Zhuang, Wen Wen, Hongyang Wang
: Erythrocytosis is a common paraneoplastic syndrome associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Although increased erythropoietin (EPO) is found in these patients, the clinical significance and molecular mechanisms underlying this observation are unclear. Here we demonstrated an inverse relationship between EPO production and overall prognosis in our cohort of 664 patients as well as in data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). In the subset of HCC patients with erythrocytosis, we identified somatic mutations of mitochondrial DNA, resulting impairment of respiratory metabolism, which sequentially led to depletion of α-ketoglutarate, stabilization of hypoxia inducible factor-α and expression of target genes such as EPO...
October 24, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Carme Camps, Nayia Petousi, Celeste Bento, Holger Cario, Richard R Copley, Mary Frances McMullin, Richard vanWijk, Peter J Ratcliffe, Peter A Robbins, Jenny C Taylor
Erythrocytosis is a rare disorder characterized by increased red cell mass and elevated hemoglobin concentration and hematocrit. Several genetic variants have been identified as causes for erythrocytosis in genes belonging to different pathways including oxygen sensing, erythropoiesis and oxygen transport. However, despite clinical investigation and screening for these mutations, the cause of disease cannot be found in a considerable number of patients, who are classified as having idiopathic erythrocytosis...
September 20, 2016: Haematologica
O Mangin
High oxygen affinity hemoglobins are responsible for rare and heterogeneous autosomic dominant genetic diseases. They cause pure erythrocytosis, sometimes accountable for hyperviscosity and thrombosis, or hemolysis. Differential diagnoses must be first ruled out. The diagnosis is based on the identification of a decreased P50, and their possible characterization by cation exchange-high performance liquid chromatography and capillary electrophoresis. Finally, genetic studies of the responsible globin chain gene will confirm the mutation...
September 13, 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Rushad Patell, Karl Theil, Alan Lichtin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
Sofien Laouafa, Elizabeth Elliot-Portal, Susana Revollo, Edith M Schneider Gasser, Vincent Joseph, Nicolas Voituron, Max Gassmann, Jorge Soliz
The impact of cerebral Epo in the regulation of the hypercapnic ventilatory response (HcVR) is controversial. While we reported that cerebral Epo does not affect the central chemosensitivity in C57Bl6 mice receiving an intracisternal injection of sEpoR (the endogenous antagonist of Epo), a recent study in transgenic mice with constitutive high levels of human Epo in brain and circulation (Tg6) and in brain only (Tg21), showed that Epo blunts the HcVR, maybe by interacting with central and peripheral chemoreceptors...
September 7, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Helena Frey, Kristin Moreth, Louise Tzung-Harn Hsieh, Jinyang Zeng-Brouwers, Birgit Rathkolb, Helmut Fuchs, Valérie Gailus-Durner, Renato V Iozzo, Martin Hrabě de Angelis, Liliana Schaefer
Secondary polycythemia, a disease characterized by a selective increase in circulating mature erythrocytes, is caused by enhanced erythropoietin (Epo) concentrations triggered by hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α). While mechanisms of hypoxia-dependent stabilization of HIF-2α protein are well established, data regarding oxygen-independent regulation of HIF-2α are sparse. In this study, we generated a novel transgenic mouse model, in which biglycan was constitutively overexpressed and secreted by hepatocytes (BGN (Tg)), thereby providing a constant source of biglycan released into the blood stream...
September 6, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Rasheduzzaman Chowdhury, Ivanhoe K H Leung, Ya-Min Tian, Martine I Abboud, Wei Ge, Carmen Domene, François-Xavier Cantrelle, Isabelle Landrieu, Adam P Hardy, Christopher W Pugh, Peter J Ratcliffe, Timothy D W Claridge, Christopher J Schofield
The response to hypoxia in animals involves the expression of multiple genes regulated by the αβ-hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIFs). The hypoxia-sensing mechanism involves oxygen limited hydroxylation of prolyl residues in the N- and C-terminal oxygen-dependent degradation domains (NODD and CODD) of HIFα isoforms, as catalysed by prolyl hydroxylases (PHD 1-3). Prolyl hydroxylation promotes binding of HIFα to the von Hippel-Lindau protein (VHL)-elongin B/C complex, thus signalling for proteosomal degradation of HIFα...
2016: Nature Communications
Gabriela Cobo, Paloma Gallar, Cristina Di Gioia, Concepción García Lacalle, Rosa Camacho, Isabel Rodriguez, Olimpia Ortega, Carmen Mon, Ana Vigil, Bengt Lindholm, Juan Jesús Carrero
BACKGROUND: Testosterone deficiency (hypogonadism) is common among men undergoing haemodialysis, but its clinical implications are not well characterized. Testosterone is an anabolic hormone that induces erythrocytosis and muscle synthesis. We hypothesized that testosterone deficiency would be associated with low muscle mass, physical inactivity and higher dosages of erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESA). METHODS: Single-center cross-sectional study of 57 male haemodialysis patients...
August 20, 2016: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
Kenichi Sakamoto, Seiji Tanaka, Chihiro Tomoyasu, Toshihiro Tomii, Mio Yano, Kazutaka Takagi, Tsutsumi Yasuhiko, Nobuhiko Uoshima, Hiroshi Komatsu, Toshihiko Imamura
We report the first patient to develop ALL with a fusion gene of the erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) with immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) 22 years after a diagnosis of secondary erythrocytosis with unknown etiology. The IgH-EPOR rearrangement is known to induce increased expression of EPOR, and activates EPO-associated signal pathways by exogenous EPO stimulation, resulting in the increased proliferation and survival of IgH-EPOR-positive leukemic cells. Interestingly, this case may provide supporting the possibility that IgH-EPOR-positive ALL has a growth advantage under sustained high concentrations of EPO...
August 20, 2016: International Journal of Hematology
Kenichiro Uchida, Mitsuharu Hosono, Toshihiko Shibata, Daisuke Kaku, Tomonori Yamamoto, Takafumi Terada, Naoki Shinyama, Yasumitsu Mizobata
BACKGROUND: Mobile intra-aortic thrombus without atherosclerosis, aneurysm, or congenital coagulopathy is very rare, and there are few reports especially in young or middle-aged patients. Furthermore, there are presently no established guidelines or common strategies for the treatment of mobile intra-aortic thrombus. In this case report, we describe the first case of intra-aortic thrombus caused by secondary erythrocytosis and describe the recommended treatment strategy for intra-aortic thrombus...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Hiroshi Kawabata, Soichiro Sakamoto, Taro Masuda, Tatsuki Uchiyama, Katsuyuki Ohmori, H Phillip Koeffler, Akifumi Takaori-Kondo
Erythropoiesis requires large amounts of iron for hemoglobin synthesis, which is mainly provided by macrophages and the intestines in a transferrin (Tf)-bound form. Bone marrow erythroblasts incorporate Tf through endocytosis, which is mediated by transferrin receptor 1 (TFR1). Recently, human TFR1, aside from its role as a Tf receptor, was also found to be a receptor for the H-subunit of ferritin (FTH). In humans, hematopoietic erythroid precursor cells express high levels of TFR1 and specifically take up the FTH homopolymer (H-ferritin)...
July 2016: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
Haley R Noonan, Ana M Metelo, Caramai N Kamei, Randall T Peterson, Iain A Drummond, Othon Iliopoulos
Patients with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease harbor a germline mutation in the VHL gene leading to the development of several tumor types including clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). In addition, the VHL gene is inactivated in over 90% of sporadic ccRCC cases. 'Clear cell' tumors contain large, proliferating cells with 'clear cytoplasm', and a reduced number of cilia. VHL inactivation leads to the stabilization of hypoxia inducible factors 1a and 2a [HIF1a and HIF2a (HIF2a is also known as EPAS1)] with consequent up-regulation of specific target genes involved in cell proliferation, angiogenesis and erythropoiesis...
August 1, 2016: Disease Models & Mechanisms
Monika Gothwal, Julius Wehrle, Konrad Aumann, Vanessa Zimmermann, Albert Gründer, Heike L Pahl
We have recently demonstrated that the transcription factor nuclear factor-erythroid 2, which is critical for erythroid maturation and globin gene expression, plays an important role in the pathophysiology of myeloproliferative neoplasms. Myeloproliferative neoplasm patients display elevated levels of nuclear factor-erythroid 2 and transgenic mice overexpressing the transcription factor develop myeloproliferative neoplasm, albeit, surprisingly without erythrocytosis. Nuclear factor-erythroid 2 transgenic mice show both a reticulocytosis and a concomitant increase in iron deposits in the spleen, suggesting both enhanced erythrocyte production and increased red blood cell destruction...
September 2016: Haematologica
Henri Leinonen, Maarit Rossi, Antti M Salo, Päivi Tiainen, Jaana Hyvärinen, Marja Pitkänen, Raija Sormunen, Ilkka Miinalainen, Chi Zhang, Raija Soininen, Kari I Kivirikko, Ari Koskelainen, Heikki Tanila, Johanna Myllyharju, Peppi Koivunen
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), affecting the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), is the leading cause of blindness in middle-aged and older people in developed countries. Genetic and environmental risk factors have been identified, but no effective cure exists. Using a mouse model we show that a transmembrane prolyl 4-hydroxylase (P4H-TM), which participates in the oxygen-dependent regulation of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), is a potential novel candidate gene for AMD. We show that P4h-tm had its highest expression levels in the mouse RPE and brain, heart, lung, skeletal muscle and kidney...
July 27, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
Katherine Healy, Alain B Labrique, J Jaime Miranda, Robert H Gilman, David Danz, Victor G Davila-Roman, Luis Huicho, Fabiola León-Velarde, William Checkley
Healy, Katherine, Alain B. Labrique, J. Jaime Miranda, Robert H. Gilman, David Danz, Victor G. Davila-Roman, Luis Huicho, Fabiola León-Velarde, and William Checkley. Dark adaptation at high altitude: an unexpected pupillary response to chronic hypoxia in Andean highlanders. High Alt Med Biol. 16:000-000, 2016.-Chronic mountain sickness is a maladaptive response to high altitude (>2500 m above sea level) and is characterized by excessive erythrocytosis and hypoxemia resulting from long-term hypobaric hypoxia...
July 25, 2016: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Mary Frances McMullin
An absolute erythrocytosis is present when the red cell mass is greater than 125 % of the predicted value for sex and body mass. It can have a primary or secondary and congenital or acquired cause. New causes particularly congenital continue to be discovered and investigated. Investigation for the cause starts with repeat and confirmation of the raised hemoglobin and measurement of an erythropoietin level to indicate whether to pursue primary or secondary causes and then further investigations as appropriate...
October 2016: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
Yadan Wang, Xiaofei Wu, Jun Deng, Hao Yu, Ren Xu, Zhiyi Zhu, Shichun Tu, Yu Hu
The 8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome (EMS), also known as 8p11 myeloproliferative neoplasm (8p11 MPN), is a collection of rare hematologic malignancies that are associated with fusion genes involving the tyrosine kinase receptor gene FGFR1 in chromosome 8p11. The entity is an aggressive disease with a high rate of transformation to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and pathologically characterized by its associated eosinophilia. In this study, we reported a distinctive EMS case featuring an in-frame ZMYM2-FGFR1 fusion gene identified by next-generation sequencing technology (NGS)...
August 2, 2016: Cancer Biology & Therapy
Katarina Kapralova, Monika Horvathova, Christian Pecquet, Jana Fialova Kucerova, Dagmar Pospisilova, Emilie Leroy, Barbora Kralova, Jelena D Milosevic Feenstra, Fiorella Schischlik, Robert Kralovics, Stefan N Constantinescu, Vladimir Divoky
The role of somatic JAK2 mutations in clonal myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) is well established. Recently, germ line JAK2 mutations were associated with polyclonal hereditary thrombocytosis and triple-negative MPNs. We studied a patient who inherited 2 heterozygous JAK2 mutations, E846D from the mother and R1063H from the father, and exhibited erythrocytosis and megakaryocytic atypia but normal platelet number. Culture of erythroid progenitors from the patient and his parents revealed hypersensitivity to erythropoietin (EPO)...
September 8, 2016: Blood
Stefano F Rimoldi, Emrush Rexhaj, Mercedes Villena, Carlos Salinas Salmon, Yves Allemann, Urs Scherrer, Claudio Sartori
Studies of high-altitude populations, and in particular of maladapted subgroups, may provide important insight into underlying mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of hypoxemia-related disease in general. Chronic mountain sickness (CMS) is a major public health problem in mountainous regions of the world affecting many millions of high-altitude dwellers. It is characterized by exaggerated chronic hypoxemia, erythrocytosis, and mild pulmonary hypertension. In later stages these patients often present with right heart failure and are predisposed to systemic cardiovascular disease, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Patrick R Arsenault, Daisheng Song, Yu Jin Chung, Tejvir S Khurana, Frank S Lee
Prolyl hydroxylase domain protein 2 (PHD2) (also known as EGLN1) is a key oxygen sensor in mammals that posttranslationally modifies hypoxia-inducible factor α (HIF-α) and targets it for degradation. In addition to its catalytic domain, PHD2 contains an evolutionarily conserved zinc finger domain, which we have previously proposed recruits PHD2 to the HSP90 pathway to promote HIF-α hydroxylation. Here, we provide evidence that this recruitment is critical both in vitro and in vivo We show that in vitro, the zinc finger can function as an autonomous recruitment domain to facilitate interaction with HIF-α...
September 15, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biology
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