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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148907/impact-of-patients-expressed-wishes-on-their-surrogate-decision-makers-preferred-decision-making-roles-in-japan
#1
Shuji Tsuda, Mieko Nakamura, Shigeru Aoki, Hiroshi Ono, Mitsuru Takagi, Hiroki Ohashi, Junichiro Miyachi, Yoshinori Matsui, Toshiyuki Ojima
BACKGROUND: Home medical care (HMC) patients and their families are expected to prepare for end-of-life decision making. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the decision readiness of HMC patients and their family surrogates. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING/SUBJECTS: We collected data from dyads, consisting of a HMC patient aged 65 years or older and a family member of the patient, recruited at four Japanese primary care clinics from January 2016 to November 2016...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147055/assistive-technologies-for-people-with-dementia-ethical-considerations
#2
Belinda Bennett, Fiona McDonald, Elizabeth Beattie, Terry Carney, Ian Freckelton, Ben White, Lindy Willmott
The sustainable development goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations in 2015 include a new target for global health: SDG 3 aims to "ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages." Dementia care of good quality is particularly important given the projected increase in the number of people living with the condition. A range of assistive technologies have been proposed to support dementia care. However, the World Health Organization estimated in 2017 that only one in 10 of the 1 billion or more people globally who could benefit from these technologies in some way actually has access to them...
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145731/decline-of-physical-activity-in-terminally-ill-patients-could-be-useful-for-predicting-short-term-survival
#3
Hiroki Yasui, Satoru Iwase, Keisuke Ariyoshi, Masanori Nojima, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi
BACKGROUND: Although it is recommended that all terminally ill patients receive advance care planning (ACP), this is occasionally challenging because of the difficulty in predicting survival. There are some indexes for predicting survival, but few are accurate, especially at the terminal stages of illness. METHODS: Twenty-two patients at the terminal stages of cancer were retrospectively analyzed. We assessed their physical activity and condition using activities of daily living (ADL) scores for 1 month before the death...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141821/development-and-validation-of-the-coping-with-multiple-sclerosis-questionnaire
#4
Ali Dehghani, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Abbas Ebadi
BACKGROUND: Development of a self-report measure of coping with multiple sclerosis is required based on cultural factors, which can advance our understanding of the level of coping for care planning and improvement of coping and quality of life. The current study aimed to develop and validate the scale of coping with Multiple Sclerosis. METHODS: This methodological study was conducted in three phases. In the first phase, the concept of coping with MS was defined by the hybrid model...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140508/interactions-with-the-healthcare-system-influence-advance-care-planning-activities-results-from-a-representative-survey-in-11-developed-countries
#5
Alex Sable-Smith, Kelly R Arnett, Molly A Nowels, Kathryn Colborn, Hillary D Lum, David Nowels
Aim: To identify factors associated with completion of Advance Care Planning (ACP) by patients seen in primary care in developed countries. We hypothesized that the quality of primary care is associated. Method: We analysed respondent reported individual and healthcare utilization factors associated with the completion of ACP activities from the 2014 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey of Older Adults in 11 Countries. The primary outcome is the combined number of ACP activities completed...
November 13, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137697/the-readiness-to-change-for-bariatric-surgery-assessment-tool-validity-factor-structure-and-reliability
#6
Susan M S Carlson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Currently, there is no guideline or standard of practice for performing the psychiatric/psychological evaluation that is a requirement for approval for bariatric surgery. The Readiness to Change for Bariatric Surgery Assessment Tool (RCB-SAT) establishes a means for psychiatric evaluators to objectively assess the patient's cognition, beliefs, and motivation around the bariatric diet and lifestyle changes. Development of a clinical decision-making tool for assessing readiness to change in bariatric patients will be useful regarding The Strategic Plan for NIH Obesity Research...
November 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135854/an-academic-practice-partnership-model-to-grow-and-sustain-advanced-practice-nursing
#7
Tracy E Williams, Patricia B Howard
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this article were to describe the implementation of an academic-practice partnership for healthcare system workforce development and provide preliminary outcomes of the associated pilot study. BACKGROUND: The demand for cross-continuum healthcare delivery models necessitates creation of workforce development structures for advanced practice nursing. METHODS: An academic-practice partnership specified enrollment of 5 cohorts of BSN staff nurses in a 3-year DNP program...
December 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135524/a-palliative-approach-for-heart-failure-end-of-life-care
#8
Jane Maciver, Heather J Ross
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review discusses the integration of guideline and evidence-based palliative care into heart failure end-of-life (EOL) care. RECENT FINDINGS: North American and European heart failure societies recommend the integration of palliative care into heart failure programs. Advance care planning, shared decision-making, routine measurement of symptoms and quality of life and specialist palliative care at heart failure EOL are identified as key components to an effective heart failure palliative care program...
November 10, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134465/current-role-for-biomarkers-in-clinical-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-disease-and-frontotemporal-dementia
#9
REVIEW
Nasim Sheikh-Bahaei, Seyed Ahmad Sajjadi, Aimee L Pierce
Purpose of review Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementia can often be diagnosed accurately with careful clinical history, cognitive testing, neurological examination, and structural brain MRI. However, there are certain circumstances wherein detection of specific biomarkers of neurodegeneration or underlying AD pathology will impact the clinical diagnosis or treatment plan. We will review the currently available biomarkers for AD and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and discuss their clinical importance...
November 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132946/an-interview-study-of-patient-and-caregiver-perspectives-on-advance-care-planning-in-esrd
#10
Marcus Sellars, Josephine M Clayton, Rachael L Morton, Tim Luckett, William Silvester, Lucy Spencer, Carol A Pollock, Rowan G Walker, Peter G Kerr, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning (ACP) empowers patients to consider and communicate their current and future treatment goals. However, it can be an emotionally charged process for patients with kidney disease and their caregivers. This study aimed to describe the perspectives and attitudes of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and their caregivers toward ACP. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Patients with ESRD (n=24) and their caregivers (n=15) aged 36 to 91 years at various stages of ACP ("not commenced," "in progress," or "completed") from 3 renal services...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129738/timing-of-referral-and-characteristics-of-uninsured-medicaid-and-insured-patients-referred-to-the-outpatient-supportive-care-center-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#11
Ahsan Azhar, Sriram Yennurajalingam, Aashraya Ramu, Haibo Zhang, Ali Haider, Janet L Williams, Seyedeh S Dibaj, Diane D Liu, Eduardo Bruera
CONTEXT: Low-income patients face barriers to palliative care access, which might negatively influence symptom management and advanced care planning. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare time of referral and characteristics (level of symptom distress) among uninsured (indigent), low-insured (Medicaid), and insured patients presenting to our Supportive Care Center (SCC). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of randomly selected 100 indigent, 100 Medicaid and 300 insured outpatients referred during the same 5-year period...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129177/copd-x-australian-and-new-zealand-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-2017-update
#12
Ian A Yang, Juliet L Brown, Johnson George, Sue Jenkins, Christine F McDonald, Vanessa M McDonald, Kirsten Phillips, Brian J Smith, Nicholas A Zwar, Eli Dabscheck
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by persistent respiratory symptoms and chronic airflow limitation, and is associated with exacerbations and comorbidities. Advances in the management of COPD are updated quarterly in the national COPD guidelines, the COPD-X plan, published by Lung Foundation Australia in conjunction with the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand and available at http://copdx.org.au. Main recommendations: Spirometry detects persistent airflow limitation (post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC < 0...
November 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127099/individualised-advance-care-planning-in-children-with-life-limiting-conditions
#13
Erik A H Loeffen, Wim J E Tissing, Meggi A Schuiling-Otten, Chris C de Kruiff, Leontien C M Kremer, A A Eduard Verhagen
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, the Pediatric Association of the Netherlands launched an evidence-based guideline 'Palliative care for children'. To promote implementation in daily practice and hereby improve quality of paediatric palliative care, we aimed to develop a functional individualised paediatric palliative care plan (IPPCP) that covers physical, psychological, spiritual and social functioning, with great emphasis on the guideline's recommendations, advance care planning and patients' and parents' preferences and desires...
November 10, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125085/-the-objective-of-advance-care-planning
#14
J J M van Delden
This commentary reflects on a study to determine the efficacy of an advance care planning (ACP) website in increasing planning documentation. It is interesting to see that ACP is considered to be a regular intervention. ACP thus ceases to be something to believe in or not and becomes a normal intervention, the efficacy of which can be studied. The study also shows that ACP is a concept which can take many forms, that ACP in itself is almost an umbrella term and that physicians need not take the central role in ACP...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125084/-going-to-the-hospital-or-not-limitations-of-the-interpretation-of-treatment-preferences-in-acute-situations-at-home
#15
S Buis, C Veen
When talking about 'advance care planning' (ACP), people regularly state that they do not want to go to the hospital any more. There are several reasons why this wish may be unclear in acute situations: preferred treatment is not always available or discussed, there may be different reasons for the 'no more hospital' statement and the emergency department is often insufficiently prepared for carrying out limited evaluations or treatments. To provide appropriate care, we recommend to (a) discuss the limitations of ACP, (b) evaluate preferences in the current context, (c) improve communication between primary and secondary care and to consider alternative options, (d) regularly evaluate current policies and (e) invest in local initiatives to prevent admission or long-term admission or to enable people to stay home...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124502/facilitators-and-barriers-for-advance-care-planning-among-ethnic-and-racial-minorities-in-the-u-s-a-systematic-review-of-the-current-literature
#16
Michin Hong, Eun-Hye Yi, Kimberly J Johnson, Margaret E Adamek
Growing evidence suggests a low engagement in advance care planning (ACP) among ethnic minorities in the U.S. The purpose of this study was to synthesize findings from prior research about ACP among ethnic minorities. An extensive literature search was conducted using multiple electronic databases. After applying inclusion criteria, 26 studies were included. Four categories of facilitators and barriers to ACP were identified: (1) Socio-demographic factors, (2) health status, literacy and experiences, (3) cultural values, and (4) spirituality...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122584/how-to-build-an-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-unit-in-2016-proposal-for-a-practical-framework
#17
M Crysandt, I Yakoub-Agha, P Reiß, S Theisen, G Silling, P Glatte, E Nelles, S Lemmen, T H Brümmendorf, U Kontny, E Jost
Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation is part of the standard of care for many hematological diseases. Over the last decades, significant advances in patient and donor selection, conditioning regimens as well as supportive care of patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation leading to improved overall survival have been made. In view of many new treatment options in cellular and molecular targeted therapies, the place of allogeneic transplantation in therapy concepts must be reviewed...
November 6, 2017: Current Research in Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121199/the-next-19-years-of-the-american-head-and-neck-society
#18
Jeffrey N Myers
Jeffrey N. Myers, MD, PhD, president of the American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) for 2016 to 2017, offered his perspectives on the AHNS's history, present-day activities, and future plans at this year's annual meeting of the society. The society was created from the 1998 merger of 2 societies, the Society for Head and Neck Surgeons (SHNS), founded in 1954, and the American Society for Head and Neck Surgery (ASHNS), founded in 1959, to become the largest organization in North America for the advancement of research and education in head and neck oncology...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120152/first-aid-management-in-emergency-care-of-dental-injuries-%C3%A2-knowledge-among-teachers-in-rijeka-croatia
#19
Danko Bakarčić, Sandra Hrvatin, Mia Maroević, Nataša Ivančić Jokić
The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to investigate the knowledge and attitude regarding emergency treatment of dental trauma among elementary school teachers in the city of Rijeka, Croatia. A total of 144 teachers answered a four-part questionnaire which comprised questions regarding demographic data, role and responsibility at the working place, knowledge about dental trauma, and motivation for further education on the topic. Nearly half of the participants (47.2%) reported having seen at least one dental trauma in their professional careers...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119348/implementing-evidence-based-practices-for-acute-stroke-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#20
REVIEW
Rasha Khatib, Assef M Jawaada, Yurany A Arevalo, Hiba K Hamed, Sukayna H Mohammed, Mark D Huffman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Most strokes occur in low- and middle-income countries where resources to manage patients are limited. We explore the resources required to providing optimal acute stroke care and review barriers to implementing evidence-based stroke care in settings with limited resources using the World Stroke Organization's Global Stroke Services Action Plan framework. RECENT FINDINGS: Major advances have been made during the past few decades in stroke prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation...
November 8, 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
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