keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Trauma life support

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942056/children-s-resilience-and-trauma-specific-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-comparing-resilience-as-an-outcome-a-trait-and-a-process
#1
Kaitlin Happer, Elissa J Brown, Komal Sharma-Patel
Resilience, which is associated with relatively positive outcomes following negative life experiences, is an important research target in the field of child maltreatment (Luthar et al., 2000). The extant literature contains multiple conceptualizations of resilience, which hinders development in research and clinical utility. Three models emerge from the literature: resilience as an immediate outcome (i.e., behavioral or symptom response), resilience as a trait, and resilience as a dynamic process. The current study compared these models in youth undergoing trauma-specific cognitive behavioral therapy...
September 20, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940152/osteomyelitis-risk-in-patients-with-transfemoral-amputations-treated-with-osseointegration-prostheses
#2
Jonatan Tillander, Kerstin Hagberg, Örjan Berlin, Lars Hagberg, Rickard Brånemark
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous anchoring of femoral amputation prostheses using osseointegrating titanium implants has been in use for more than 25 years. The method offers considerable advantages in daily life compared with conventional socket prostheses, however long-term success might be jeopardized by implant-associated infection, especially osteomyelitis, but the long-term risk of this complication is unknown. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) To quantify the risk of osteomyelitis, (2) to characterize the clinical effect of osteomyelitis (including risk of implant extraction and impairments to function), and (3) to determine whether common patient factors (age, sex, body weight, diabetes, and implant component replacements) are associated with osteomyelitis in patients with transfemoral amputations treated with osseointegrated titanium implants...
September 22, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939923/-thyroid-emergencies-thyroid-storm-and-myxedema-coma
#3
REVIEW
C Spitzweg, M Reincke, R Gärtner
Thyroid emergencies are rare life-threatening endocrine conditions resulting from either decompensated thyrotoxicosis (thyroid storm) or severe thyroid hormone deficiency (myxedema coma). Both conditions develop out of a long-standing undiagnosed or untreated hyper- or hypothyroidism, respectively, precipitated by an acute stress-associated event, such as infection, trauma, or surgery. Cardinal features of thyroid storm are myasthenia, cardiovascular symptoms, in particular tachycardia, as well as hyperthermia and central nervous system dysfunction...
September 22, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932408/golden-hour-of-neonatal-life-need-of-the-hour
#4
REVIEW
Deepak Sharma
"Golden Hour" of neonatal life is defined as the first hour of post-natal life in both preterm and term neonates. This concept in neonatology has been adopted from adult trauma where the initial first hour of trauma management is considered as golden hour. The "Golden hour" concept includes practicing all the evidence based intervention for term and preterm neonates, in the initial sixty minutes of postnatal life for better long-term outcome. Although the current evidence supports the concept of golden hour in preterm and still there is no evidence seeking the benefit of golden hour approach in term neonates, but neonatologist around the globe feel the importance of golden hour concept equally in both preterm and term neonates...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927667/development-and-validation-of-a-tool-to-evaluate-the-evolution-of-clinical-reasoning-in-trauma-using-virtual-patients
#5
David Fleiszer, Michael L Hoover, Nancy Posel, Tarek Razek, Simon Bergman
CONTEXT: Undergraduate medical students at a large academic trauma center are required to manage a series of online virtual trauma patients as a mandatory exercise during their surgical rotation. PURPOSE: Clinical reasoning during undergraduate medical education can be difficult to assess. The purpose of the study was to determine whether we could use components of the students' virtual patient management to measure changes in their clinical reasoning over the course of the clerkship year...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925637/hair-loss-common-causes-and-treatment
#6
T Grant Phillips, W Paul Slomiany, Robert Allison
Hair loss is often distressing and can have a significant effect on the patient's quality of life. Patients may present to their family physician first with diffuse or patchy hair loss. Scarring alopecia is best evaluated by a dermatologist. Nonscarring alopecias can be readily diagnosed and treated in the family physician's office. Androgenetic alopecia can be diagnosed clinically and treated with minoxidil. Alopecia areata is diagnosed by typical patches of hair loss and is self-limited. Tinea capitis causes patches of alopecia that may be erythematous and scaly and must be treated systemically...
September 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913711/emergency-neurological-life-support-resuscitation-following-cardiac-arrest
#7
Jonathan Elmer, Kees H Polderman
Cardiac arrest is the most common cause of death in North America. An organized bundle of neurocritical care interventions can improve chances of survival and neurological recovery in patients who are successfully resuscitated from cardiac arrest. Therefore, resuscitation following cardiac arrest was chosen as an Emergency Neurological Life Support protocol. Key aspects of successful early post-arrest management include: prevention of secondary brain injury; identification of treatable causes of arrest in need of emergent intervention; and, delayed neurological prognostication...
September 14, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899378/prevalence-rates-of-childhood-trauma-in-medical-students-a-systematic-review
#8
Eimear King, Claire Steenson, Ciaran Shannon, Ciaran Mulholland
BACKGROUND: It is known that medical students suffer from high rates of mental health difficulties. In recent years there has been an increasing focus on the need to improve support and treatment services for those in difficulty. In order to meet these needs it is important to clarify the relevant aetiological factors. There is robust evidence from general population studies that a history of childhood trauma (including physical and sexual abuse and emotional neglect) predisposes to the subsequent development of mental health difficulties in adult life...
September 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898109/factors-associated-with-type-ii-trauma-in-occupational-groups-working-with-traumatised-children-a-systematic-review
#9
Clara A M Sage, Samantha K Brooks, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that "Type II trauma" (TTT) - repeated exposure to traumatic events - can lead to the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). TTT frequently occurs in occupational groups working with children who are themselves victims of trauma. AIM: To conduct a systematic review identifying risk factors for/protective factors against TTT-associated mental ill-health in employees working with traumatised children and explore how this type of work impacts upon social functioning...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895487/-%C3%A2-like-because-you-are-a-grownup-you-do-not-need-help-experiences-of-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-among-youth-with-perinatal-hiv-infection-their-caregivers-and-health-care-providers-in-the-dominican-republic
#10
María C Pinzón-Iregui, Gladys Ibanez, Consuelo Beck-Sagué, Mina Halpern, Rosa M Mendoza
With the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) worldwide, youth with perinatal HIV infection are increasingly surviving childhood and transitioning to adult care. Although a normal life span is anticipated posttransition, successful transition to adult HIV care has proven difficult, with worse outcomes posttransition than in pediatric and adult care. This study is a qualitative analysis of data from 4 focus groups of pre- and posttransition patients, caregivers, and healthcare providers in the Dominican Republic at an institution that provides comprehensive treatment including ART for HIV-infected persons of all ages...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891715/-where-it-falls-apart-barriers-to-retention-in-hiv-care-in-latino-immigrants-and-migrants
#11
Julie H Levison, Laura M Bogart, Iman F Khan, Dianna Mejia, Hortensia Amaro, Margarita Alegría, Steven Safren
Latino immigrants in the United States are disproportionately affected by HIV. Barriers to consistent attendance (retention) in HIV primary care constrain opportunities for HIV treatment success, but have not been specifically assessed in this population. We conducted semistructured interviews with 37 HIV-infected Latinos (aged ≥18 years and born in Puerto Rico or a Latin American Spanish-speaking country) and 14 HIV providers in metropolitan Boston (total n = 51). The Andersen Model of Healthcare Utilization informed a semistructured interview guide, which bilingual research staff used to explore barriers to HIV care...
September 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886018/minimal-important-change-and-other-measurement-properties-of-the-oxford-elbow-score-and-the-quick-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-in-patients-with-a-simple-elbow-dislocation-validation-study-alongside-the-multicenter-funcsie-trial
#12
Gijs I T Iordens, Dennis Den Hartog, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Denise Eygendaal, Niels W L Schep, Michael H J Verhofstad, Esther M M Van Lieshout
STUDY DESIGN: Validation study using data from a multicenter, randomized, clinical trial (RCT). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability, validity, responsiveness, and minimal important change (MIC) of the Dutch version of the Oxford Elbow Score (OES) and the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (Quick-DASH) in patients with a simple elbow dislocation. BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures are increasingly important for assessing outcome following elbow injuries, both in daily practice and in clinical research...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885520/caring-for-trauma-patients-with-coexisting-heart-failure
#13
Karen Bergman Schieman, Kelley Pattison, Conor Early
The coexisting conditions of traumatic injury coupled with a comorbid condition such as heart failure create a complex scenario for the trauma nurse to manage. Initial care of the trauma patient includes following the Advanced Trauma Life Support guidelines and managing the airway, breathing, and circulation (ABC) of the patient. Once the airway is secure and breathing is managed, the team addresses circulation. At this point in the patient's care, the team typically does not know which, if any, comorbid conditions exist...
September 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882073/qualitative-research-methods-to-advance-research-on-health-inequities-among-previously-incarcerated-women-living-with-hiv-in-alabama
#14
Courtenay Sprague, Michael L Scanlon, David W Pantalone
Justice-involved HIV-positive women have poor health outcomes that constitute health inequities. Researchers have yet to embrace the range of qualitative methods to elucidate how psychosocial histories are connected to pathways of vulnerability to HIV and incarceration for this key population. We used life course narratives and intersubjectivity-predicated on interview dialogue-to investigate how familial and social settings established their social patterning of HIV, incarceration risk, and poor health. Working with two Alabama community-based organizations, we recruited and interviewed 24 HIV-positive cisgender women with cyclical incarceration...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877699/honoring-the-voices-of-bereaved-caregivers-a-metasummary-of-qualitative-research
#15
Lorraine Holtslander, Sharon Baxter, Kelly Mills, Sarah Bocking, Tina Dadgostari, Wendy Duggleby, Vicky Duncan, Peter Hudson, Agatha Ogunkorode, Shelley Peacock
BACKGROUND: Family caregiving in the context of advanced disease in particular, can be physically and emotionally taxing. Caregivers can subsequently face bereavement exhausted with few supports, limited resources and a significant proportion will develop negative psychological and social outcomes. Although some research has attended to the bereavement experiences of family caregivers who had cared for a person requiring palliative care, a comprehensive qualitative understanding of the impact of caregiving on bereavement has not been articulated...
September 6, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876506/bisphosphonate-therapy-and-osteogenesis-imperfecta-the-lived-experience-of-children-and-their-mothers
#16
Shirley Wiggins, Rose Kreikemeier
PURPOSE: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a chronic, genetic condition frequently described as "brittle bones." This condition is expressed by low bone density and characterized by frequent fractures with and without trauma. Additional symptoms include pain, altered growth, and challenges with mobility. This experience has a great impact on the daily life of the child diagnosed with OI and their family. With the introduction of bisphosphonate therapy children diagnosed with OI experienced an increase in bone density that included a change in symptoms and improvement in daily functioning...
September 6, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868909/-recognizing-complicated-grief-from-a-doctor-s-point-of-view
#17
András Zelena
By reviewing two bereavement support group cases I wish to demonstrate the important role a doctor, also receptive of his patients' non-verbal signals, has in the early recognition of complicated grief and halted grief process. Doctors are aware of individual traumas and destinies, and general practitioners are familiar with the details of their patients' life and home circumstances, could be catalysts for the continuation of the halted grief process. They discover the real cause of trauma behind several psychosomatic symptoms...
September 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865661/methods-to-assess-adverse-childhood-experiences-of-children-and-families-toward-approaches-to-promote-child-well-being-in-policy-and-practice
#18
Christina D Bethell, Adam Carle, James Hudziak, Narangerel Gombojav, Kathleen Powers, Roy Wade, Paula Braveman
BACKGROUND: Advances in human development sciences point to tremendous possibilities to promote healthy child development and well-being across life by proactively supporting safe, stable and nurturing family relationships (SSNRs), teaching resilience, and intervening early to promote healing the trauma and stress associated with disruptions in SSNRs. Assessing potential disruptions in SSNRs, such as adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), can contribute to assessing risk for trauma and chronic and toxic stress by asking about ACEs can help with efforts to prevent and attenuate negative impacts on child development and both child and family well-being...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865659/prioritizing-possibilities-for-child-and-family-health-an-agenda-to-address-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-foster-the-social-and-emotional-roots-of-well-being-in-pediatrics
#19
Christina D Bethell, Michele R Solloway, Stephanie Guinosso, Sandra Hassink, Aditi Srivastav, David Ford, Lisa A Simpson
OBJECTIVE: A convergence of theoretical and empirical evidence across many scientific disciplines reveals unprecedented possibilities to advance much needed improvements in child and family well-being by addressing adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), promoting resilience, and fostering nurturance and the social and emotional roots of healthy child development and lifelong health. In this article we synthesize recommendations from a structured, multiyear field-building and research, policy, and practice agenda setting process to address these issues in children's health services...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865642/adapting-the-patient-centered-medical-home-to-address-psychosocial-adversity-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#20
Cecilia Vu, Emily Rothman, Caroline J Kistin, Kelly Barton, Barb Bulman, Ann Budzak-Garza, Denyse Olson-Dorff, Megan H Bair-Merritt
OBJECTIVE: The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) seeks to improve population health. However, PCMH models often focus on improving treatment of chronic diseases rather than on addressing psychosocial adversity. We sought to gather key stakeholder input about how PCMHs might feasibly and sustainably address psychosocial adversity within their patient populations. METHODS: We conducted 25 semistructured interviews with key stakeholders, such as physicians, nurses, medical assistants, and patients...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
30585
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"