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Neuregulin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156739/electroacupuncture-alleviates-neuromuscular-dysfunction-in-an-experimental-rat-model-of-immobilization
#1
Jun Yang, Su Min, Fei Xie, Jingyuan Chen, Xuechao Hao, Li Ren
Immobilization-related skeletal muscle atrophy is a major concern to patients in Intensive Care Units and it has a profound effect on the quality of life. However, the underlying molecular events for the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture to treat muscle atrophy have not been fully elucidated. Here we developed an immobilization mouse model and tested the hypothesis that skeletal muscle weakness may be caused by the increased expression of γ and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) on muscle cell membranes, while electroacupuncture could decrease the expression of γ and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148104/neuregulin-1-promotes-remyelination-and-fosters-a-pro-regenerative-inflammatory-response-in-focal-demyelinating-lesions-of-the-spinal-cord
#2
Hardeep Kataria, Arsalan Alizadeh, Ghazaleh M Shahriary, Shekoofeh Saboktakin Rizi, Ryan Henrie, Kallivalappil T Santhosh, James A Thliveris, Soheila Karimi-Abdolrezaee
Oligodendroglial cell death and demyelination are hallmarks of neurotrauma and multiple sclerosis that cause axonal damage and functional impairments. Remyelination remains a challenge as the ability of endogenous precursor cells for oligodendrocyte replacement is hindered in the unfavorable milieu of demyelinating conditions. Here, in a rat model of lysolecithin lysophosphatidyl-choline (LPC)-induced focal demyelination, we report that Neuregulin-1 (Nrg-1), an important factor for oligodendrocytes and myelination, is dysregulated in demyelinating lesions and its bio-availability can promote oligodendrogenesis and remyelination...
November 17, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114105/neuregulin-3-signaling-mediates-nicotine-dependent-synaptic-plasticity-in-the-orbitofrontal-cortex-and-cognition
#3
Luyi Zhou, Miranda L Fisher, Robert D Cole, Thomas J Gould, Vinay Parikh, Pavel I Ortinski, Jill R Turner
Neuregulin 3 (NRG3) and ErbB4 have been linked to nicotine addiction; however, the neuronal mechanisms and behavioral consequences of NRG3-ErbB4 sensitivity to nicotine remain elusive. Recent literature suggests that relapse to smoking is due to a lack of impulsive control, which is thought to be due to altered functioning within the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC). Therefore, we examined circuitry changes within this structure following nicotine application. We report that nicotine controls synaptic plasticity in the OFC through NRG3/ErbB4-dependent regulation of GABAergic inhibition...
November 7, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106384/hepatic-neuregulin-4-signaling-defines-an-endocrine-checkpoint-for-steatosis-to-nash-progression
#4
Liang Guo, Peng Zhang, Zhimin Chen, Houjun Xia, Siming Li, Yanqiao Zhang, Sune Kobberup, Weiping Zou, Jiandie D Lin
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by progressive liver injury, inflammation, and fibrosis; however, the mechanisms that govern the transition from hepatic steatosis, which is relatively benign, to NASH remain poorly defined. Neuregulin 4 (Nrg4) is an adipose tissue-enriched endocrine factor that elicits beneficial metabolic effects in obesity. Here, we show that Nrg4 is a key component of an endocrine checkpoint that preserves hepatocyte health and counters diet-induced NASH in mice. Nrg4 deficiency accelerated liver injury, fibrosis, inflammation, and cell death in a mouse model of NASH...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095861/identification-of-proteins-associated-with-clinical-and-pathological-features-of-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-in-vitreous-and-fibrovascular-membranes
#5
Ingeborg Klaassen, Ewout W de Vries, Ilse M C Vogels, Antoine H C van Kampen, Machteld I Bosscha, David H W Steel, Cornelis J F Van Noorden, Sarit Y Lesnik-Oberstein, Reinier O Schlingemann
PURPOSE: To identify the protein profiles in vitreous associated with retinal fibrosis, angiogenesis, and neurite formation in epiretinal fibrovascular membranes (FVMs) in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). METHODS: Vitreous samples of 5 non-diabetic control patients with vitreous debris and 7 patients with PDR membranes were screened for 507 preselected proteins using the semi-quantitative RayBio® L-series 507 antibody array. From this array, 60 proteins were selected for a custom quantitative antibody array (Raybiotech, Human Quantibody® array), analyzing 7 control patients, 8 PDR patients with FVMs, and 5 PDR patients without FVMs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078343/dual-origin-of-enteric-neurons-in-vagal-schwann-cell-precursors-and-the-sympathetic-neural-crest
#6
Isabel Espinosa-Medina, Ben Jevans, Franck Boismoreau, Zoubida Chettouh, Hideki Enomoto, Thomas Müller, Carmen Birchmeier, Alan J Burns, Jean-François Brunet
Most of the enteric nervous system derives from the "vagal" neural crest, lying at the level of somites 1-7, which invades the digestive tract rostro-caudally from the foregut to the hindgut. Little is known about the initial phase of this colonization, which brings enteric precursors into the foregut. Here we show that the "vagal crest" subsumes two populations of enteric precursors with contrasted origins, initial modes of migration, and destinations. Crest cells adjacent to somites 1 and 2 produce Schwann cell precursors that colonize the vagus nerve, which in turn guides them into the esophagus and stomach...
November 7, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069498/transient-changes-in-hepatic-physiology-that-alter-bilirubin-and-bile-acid-transport-may-explain-elevations-in-liver-chemistries-observed-in-clinical-trials-of-ggf2-cimaglermin-alfa
#7
Merrie Mosedale, Donald Button, Jonathan P Jackson, Kimberly M Freeman, Kenneth R Brouwer, Anthony O Caggiano, Andrew Eisen, Jennifer F Iaci, Tom J Parry, Ric Stanulis, Maya Srinivas, Paul B Watkins
GGF2 is a recombinant human neuregulin-1β in development for chronic heart failure. Phase 1 clinical trials of GGF2 were put on hold when transient elevations in serum aminotransferases and total bilirubin were observed in 2 of 43 subjects who received single doses of GGF2 at 1.5 or 0.378 mg/kg. However, aminotransferase elevations were modest and not typical of liver injury sufficient to result in elevated serum bilirubin. Cynomolgus monkeys administered a single 15 mg/kg dose of GGF2 had similar transient elevations in serum aminotransferases and bilirubin as well as transient elevations in serum bile acids...
October 23, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059433/an-erbb1-3-neutralizing-antibody-mixture-with-high-activity-against-drug-resistant-her2-breast-cancers-with-erbb-ligand-overexpression
#8
Luis J Schwarz, Katherine E Hutchinson, Brent N Rexer, Mónica Valeria Estrada, Paula I Gonzalez Ericsson, Melinda E Sanders, Teresa C Dugger, Luigi Formisano, Angel Guerrero-Zotano, Monica Red-Brewer, Christian D Young, Johan Lantto, Mikkel W Pedersen, Michael Kragh, Ivan D Horak, Carlos L Arteaga
Background: Plasticity of the ERBB receptor network has been suggested to cause acquired resistance to anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) therapies. Thus, we studied whether a novel approach using an ERBB1-3-neutralizing antibody mixture can block these compensatory mechanisms of resistance. Methods: HER2+ cell lines and xenografts (n ≥ 6 mice per group) were treated with the ERBB1-3 antibody mixture Pan-HER, trastuzumab/lapatinib (TL), trastuzumab/pertuzumab (TP), or T-DM1...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048656/nrg1-dependent-activation-of-her3-induces-primary-resistance-to-trastuzumab-in-her2-overexpressing-breast-cancer-cells
#9
Liuting Yang, Yingying Li, Enyun Shen, Fengqi Cao, Li Li, Xiaojin Li, Xuejiang Wang, Seyed Kariminia, Bingmei Chang, Hongzhong Li, Qin Li
This study was conducted to determine the role of neuregulin 1 (NRG1)-dependent human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3) activation in trastuzumab primary resistance, and to observe the inhibitory effect of HER3 monoclonal antibody on HER2-overexpressing breast cancer cells. BT474 cells (trastuzumab sensitive) and MDA-MB-453 cells (trastuzumab resistant) were first stimulated with NRG1 and then treated with either trastuzumab, HER3 antibody, or a combination of both. The expression of phospho human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (p-HER2), phospho human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (p-HER3), phospho protein kinase B (p-Akt) and phospho mitogen-activated protein kinase (p-MAPK) were detected by western blotting...
November 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032615/regulation-of-the-prometastatic-neuregulin-mmp13-axis-by-src-family-kinases-therapeutic-implications
#10
Ana Orive-Ramos, Samuel Seoane, Alberto Ocaña, Atanasio Pandiella, Juan Carlos Montero
Metastatic dissemination of tumor cells is responsible for the fatal outcome of breast cancer. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms involved in dissemination is essential for the development of new therapeutic strategies to prevent metastasis. One mechanism involved in metastatic dissemination of breast cancer cells is dependent on control of the production of matrix metalloproteinases by the neuregulins (NRGs). The NRGs are polypeptide factors that act by binding to the ErbB/HER subfamily of receptor tyrosine kinases...
October 15, 2017: Molecular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993723/bace1-dependent-neuregulin-1-signaling-an-implication-for-schizophrenia
#11
REVIEW
Zhengrong Zhang, Jing Huang, Yong Shen, Rena Li
Schizophrenia is a chronic psychiatric disorder with a lifetime prevalence of about 1% in the general population. Recent studies have shown that Neuregulin-1 (Nrg1) is a candidate gene for schizophrenia. At least 15 alternative splicing of NRG1 isoforms all contain an extracellular epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like domain, which is sufficient for Nrg1 biological activity including the formation of myelin sheaths and the regulation of synaptic plasticity. It is known that Nrg1 can be cleaved by β-secretase (BACE1) and the resulting N-terminal fragment (Nrg1-ntf) binds to receptor tyrosine kinase ErbB4, which activates Nrg1/ErbB4 signaling...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992000/differential-expression-of-neuregulin-1-nrg1-and-candidate-mirna-regulating-nrg1-transcription-in-the-chicken-oviduct-in-response-to-hormonal-changes
#12
W Jeong, H Bae, W Lim, F W Bazer, G Song
Neuregulin 1 (NRG1), a signaling protein that binds to members of the erythroblastoma (ErbB) family, is known to play essential biological roles in mediating cell-cell interactions and orchestrating vital cell functions in the heart and nervous system. NRG1 is closely associated with developmental processes in various organs and expression of several NRG1 isoforms are regulated by estrogen. However, expression and its hormonal regulation during development of the female reproductive tract remain unknown. The reproductive system of chickens undergoes dynamic morphological and functional changes in response to estrogen and the molting process...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981869/overexpression-of-neuregulin-1-type-iii-confers-hippocampal-mrna-alterations-and-schizophrenia-like-behaviors-in-mice
#13
Juan C Olaya, Carrie L Heusner, Mitsuyuki Matsumoto, Duncan Sinclair, Mari A Kondo, Tim Karl, Cynthia Shannon Weickert
Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) is a schizophrenia candidate gene whose protein product is involved in neuronal migration, survival, and synaptic plasticity via production of specific isoforms. Importantly, NRG1 type III (NRG1 III) mRNA is increased in humans inheriting a schizophrenia risk haplotype for the NRG1 gene (HapICE), and NRG1 protein levels can be elevated in schizophrenia. The nature by which NRG1 type III overexpression results in schizophrenia-like behavior and brain pathology remains unclear, therefore we constructed a transgenic mouse with Nrg1 III overexpression in forebrain neurons (CamKII kinase+)...
September 8, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979191/nrdp1-increases-ischemia-induced-primary-rat-cerebral-cortical-neurons-and-pheochromocytoma-cells-apoptosis-via-downregulation-of-hif-1%C3%AE-protein
#14
Yuan Zhang, Ke Yang, Ting Wang, Weiping Li, Xinchun Jin, Wenlan Liu
Neuregulin receptor degradation protein-1 (Nrdp1) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that targets proteins for degradation and regulates cell growth, apoptosis and oxidative stress in various cell types. We have previously shown that Nrdp1 is implicated in ischemic cardiomyocyte death. In this study, we investigated the change of Nrdp1 expression in ischemic neurons and its role in ischemic neuronal injury. Primary rat cerebral cortical neurons and pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells were infected with adenoviral constructs expressing Nrdp1 gene or its siRNA before exposing to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962182/gypenosides-induce-cell-death-and-alter-gene-expression-in-human-oral-cancer-hsc-3-cells
#15
Kung-Wen Lu, Yi-Shih Ma, Fu-Shun Yu, Yi-Ping Huang, Yung-Lin Chu, Rick Sai-Chuen Wu, Ching-Lung Liao, Fu-Shin Chueh, Jing-Gung Chung
Gypenosides (Gyp), the primary components of Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino, have long been used as a Chinese herbal medicine. In the present study, the effects of Gyp on cell viability, the cell cycle, cell apoptosis, DNA damage and chromatin condensation were investigated in vitro using human oral cancer HSC-3 cells. The results of the present study indicated that Gyp induces cell death, G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis in HSC-3 cells in a dose-dependent manner. It was also demonstrated that Gyp decreased the depolarization of mitochondrial membrane potential in a time-dependent manner...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951744/igf1-and-nrg1-enhance-proliferation-metabolic-maturity-and-the-force-frequency-response-in-hesc-derived-engineered-cardiac-tissues
#16
Cassady E Rupert, Kareen L K Coulombe
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and neuregulin-1β (NRG1) play important roles during cardiac development both individually and synergistically. In this study, we analyze how 3D cardiac tissue engineered from human embryonic stem cell- (hESC-) derived cardiomyocytes and 2D-plated hESC-cardiomyocytes respond to developmentally relevant growth factors both to stimulate maturity and to characterize the therapeutic potential of IGF1 and NRG1. When administered to engineered cardiac tissues, a significant decrease in active force production of ~65% was measured in all treatment groups, likely due to changes in cellular physiology...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949336/disrupted-hippocampal-neuregulin-1-erbb3-signaling-and-dentate-gyrus-granule-cell-alterations-in-suicide
#17
I Mahar, B Labonte, S Yogendran, E Isingrini, L Perret, M A Davoli, A Rachalski, B Giros, G Turecki, N Mechawar
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/tp.2017.132.
September 26, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938399/gonadotropin-dependent-neuregulin-1-signaling-regulates-female-rat-ovarian-granulosa-cell-survival
#18
Indrajit Chowdhury, Alicia Branch, Sharifeh Mehrabi, Byron D Ford, Winston E Thompson
Mammalian ovarian follicular development and maturation of an oocyte competent to be fertilized and develop into an embryo depends on tightly regulated, spatiotemporally orchestrated crosstalk among cell death, survival, and differentiation signals through extra- and intraovarian signals, as well as on a permissive ovarian follicular microenvironment. Neuregulin-1 (NRG1) is a member of the epidermal growth factor-like factor family that mediates its effects by binding to a member of the erythroblastoma (ErbB) family...
October 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922980/a-genome-wide-association-study-of-early-gamma-band-response-in-a-schizophrenia-case-control-sample
#19
Bettina Konte, Gregor Leicht, Ina Giegling, Oliver Pogarell, Susanne Karch, Annette M Hartmann, Marion Friedl, Ulrich Hegerl, Dan Rujescu, Christoph Mulert
OBJECTIVES: Disturbances in the gamma-frequency band of electroencephalography (EEG) measures are among the most consistently observed intermediate phenotypes in schizophrenia. We assessed whether genetic variations are associated with gamma-band activity. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association analysis of the early auditory evoked gamma-band response in schizophrenia affected subjects and healthy control individuals (in total N = 315). RESULTS: No marker surpassed the threshold for genome-wide significant association...
September 19, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918492/decreased-plasma-neuregulin-4-concentration-is-associated-with-increased-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-in-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Pi-Jun Yan, Yong Xu, Qin Wan, Jian Feng, Hua Li, Chen-Lin Gao, Jun Yang, Hai-Hua Zhong, Zhi-Hong Zhang
AIMS: Inflammation has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This principal objective of this study was to investigate if the secretion of neuregulin 4 (Nrg4), a soluble protein associated with metabolic syndrome and subclinical cardiovascular disease, is correlated with the inflammation marker high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (nT2DM). METHODS: A study group of 311 nT2DM patients was divided into three subgroups based on hs-CRP tertiles...
September 16, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
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