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Neuregulin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337237/uridine-5-triphosphate-partially-blocks-differentiation-signals-and-favors-a-more-repair-state-in-cultured-rat-schwann-cells
#1
Marta Palomo-Guerrero, Jose Miguel Cosgaya, Alejandro Gella, Núria Casals, Carmen Grijota-Martinez
Schwann cells (SCs) play a key role in peripheral nerve regeneration. After damage, they respond acquiring a repair phenotype that allows them to proliferate, migrate and redirect axonal growth. Previous studies have shown that Uridine-5'-Triphosphate (UTP) and its purinergic receptors participate in several pathophysiological responses in the nervous system. Our group has previously described how UTP induces the migration of a Schwannoma cell line and promotes wound healing. These data suggest that UTP participates in the signaling involved in the regeneration process...
January 11, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327207/phenotypic-and-functional-characteristics-of-human-schwann-cells-as-revealed-by-cell-based-assays-and-rna-seq
#2
Paula V Monje, David Sant, Gaofeng Wang
This study comprehensively addresses the phenotype, function, and whole transcriptome of primary human and rodent Schwann cells (SCs) and highlights key species-specific features beyond the expected donor variability that account for the differential ability of human SCs to proliferate, differentiate, and interact with axons in vitro. Contrary to rat SCs, human SCs were insensitive to mitogenic factors other than neuregulin and presented phenotypic variants at various stages of differentiation, along with a mixture of proliferating and senescent cells, under optimal growth-promoting conditions...
January 11, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319907/aberrant-accumulation-of-erbb4-in-progressive-supranuclear-palsy
#3
Aya Murakami, Masataka Nakamura, Satoshi Kaneko, Wen-Lang Lin, Dennis W Dickson, Hirofumi Kusaka
The human epidermal growth factor receptor family consists of 4 members that belong to the ErbB lineage of proteins (ErbB1-4). Neuregulin-1 (NRG1)/ErbB signalling regulates brain development and function. Abnormalities in this signalling have been implicated in the aetiology or development of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. So, we aimed at investigating whether the expression of NRG1 or ErbB proteins are altered in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) METHODS: The brains of 10 PSP and 6 control patients were investigated by immunohistochemical analysis RESULTS: Whereas C-terminal ErbB4 immunoreacitivity was partially but distinctly present in the cytoplasm and/or in the nucleus of neurons in control patients, it was rarely observed in the neuronal nuclei in PSP patients...
January 10, 2018: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317193/an-essential-role-for-neuregulin-4-in-the-growth-and-elaboration-of-developing-neocortical-pyramidal-dendrites
#4
Blanca Paramo, Sean Wyatt, Alun M Davies
Neuregulins, with the exception of neuregulin-4 (NRG4), have been shown to be extensively involved in many aspects of neural development and function and are implicated in several neurological disorders, including schizophrenia, depression and bipolar disorder. Here we provide the first evidence that NRG4 has a crucial function in the developing brain. We show that both the apical and basal dendrites of neocortical pyramidal neurons are markedly stunted in Nrg4-/- neonates in vivo compared with Nrg4+/+ littermates...
January 6, 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310728/bdnf-and-nrg1-polymorphisms-and-temperament-in-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-treated-patients-with-major-depression
#5
Kadri Andre, Olli Kampman, Merja Viikki, Eija Setälä-Soikkeli, Ari Illi, Nina Mononen, Terho Lehtimäki, Esa Leinonen
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the separate effects of and possible interactions between the functional polymorphisms of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) rs11030101, BDNF rs61888800, and neuregulin-1 (NRG1) rs3924999 and NRG1 rs6994992 on change of temperament scores in a clinical sample of subjects with major depression (MDD), who received selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor treatment for a period of 6 weeks. METHODS: The study population consisted of 98 Finnish individuals with MDD...
January 9, 2018: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307828/glial-cell-derived-neurotrophic-factor-alleviates-sepsis-induced-neuromuscular-dysfunction-by-decreasing-the-expression-of-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-in-an-experimental-rat-model-of-neuromyopathy
#6
Xin Wang, Su Min, Fei Xie, Jun Yang, Liang Li, Jingyuan Chen
Sepsis-induced neuromuscular dysfunction results from up-regulation of the expression of γ- and α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR). Although glial cell derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has been implicated in repairing and supporting neurons, little is known about the effects of GDNF on demyelination of nerves in sepsis. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that GDNF could alleviate sepsis-induced neuromuscular dysfunction by decreasing the expression of γ- and α7-nAChR in an experimental rat model of neuromyopathy...
January 5, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305574/anti-trop2-blockade-enhances-the-therapeutic-efficacy-of-erbb3-inhibition-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
Nathan Redlich, Anthony M Robinson, Kwangok P Nickel, Andrew P Stein, Deric L Wheeler, Douglas R Adkins, Ravindra Uppaluri, Randall J Kimple, Brian A Van Tine, Loren S Michel
ErbB3 has been widely implicated in treatment resistance, but its role as a primary treatment target is less clear. Canonically ErbB3 requires EGFR or ErbB2 for activation, whereas these two established treatment targets are thought to signal independently of ErbB3. In this study, we show that ErbB3 is essential for tumor growth of treatment-naive HNSCC patient-derived xenografts. This ErbB3 dependency occurs via ErbB3-mediated control of EGFR activation and HIF1α stabilization, which require ErbB3 and its ligand neuregulin-1...
January 5, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305334/cgnrdp1-a-conserved-negative-regulating-factor-of-myd88-dependent-toll-like-receptor-signaling-in-oyster-crassostrea-gigas
#8
Rui Sun, Limei Qiu, Qilin Yi, Mengqiang Wang, Feng Yue, Lingling Wang, Linsheng Song
Toll like receptor (TLR) signaling cascades are under precise regulations to ensure the proper immune responses during various pathogen invasions. The neuregulin receptor degradation protein-1 (Nrdp1) has been demonstrated to be a novel negative regulator of TLR signaling by targeting MyD88 to degradation in mammals. In the present study, an Nrdp1 homologue, CgNrdp1, was identified from the genome of pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. It contained an open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 315 amino acids which shared high identities with other homologues from different species...
January 2, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305325/modeling-trastuzumab-related-cardiotoxicity-in-vitro-using-human-stem-cell-derived-cardiomyocytes
#9
Yosuke K Kurokawa, Michael R Shang, Rose T Yin, Steven C George
Trastuzumab (Herceptin®), a monoclonal antibody against the ErbB2 (HER2) receptor, has significantly improved clinical outcomes for HER2+ breast cancer patients. However, the drug also has known cardiotoxic side effects through mechanisms that are not fully understood. Here we utilized human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iPS-CMs) to model trastuzumab-related cardiotoxicity in vitro. We demonstrate that cardiotoxic effects of ErbB2 inhibition by trastuzumab can be recapitulated only when the cardioprotective effects of ErbB2/4 signaling is observed...
January 2, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282998/clinical-significance-of-neuregulin-4-nrg4-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Meryem Kurek Eken, Cigdem Yayla Abide, Gulcin Sahin Ersoy, Tugba Altun Ensari, Oya Pekin, Ozge Cevik
OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance detected during pregnancy. GDM is increasing worldwide and is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Neuregulin 4 (NGR4) is epidermal growth factor like signaling molecule. It plays an important role in cell to cell communication furthermore recent studies indicate that NRG4 may work as a novel adipokine with a possible role in maintaining energy and metabolic homeostasis. The aim of the present study was to assess serum NRG4 levels along with several metabolic parameters in patients diagnosed with gestational diabetic mellitus...
December 28, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278738/slowing-disease-progression-in-the-sod1-mouse-model-of-als-by-blocking-neuregulin-induced-microglial-activation
#11
Jianguo Liu, Elise Allender, Jiajing Wang, Eleanor H Simpson, Jeffrey A Loeb, Fei Song
There are no effective treatments to slow disease progression in ALS. We previously reported that neuregulin (NRG) receptors are constitutively activated on microglia in the ventral horns in both ALS patients and SOD1 mice and in the corticospinal tracts of ALS patients, and that NRG receptor activation occurs prior to significant clinical disease onset in SOD1 mice. Here, we hypothesize that blocking NRG signaling on microglia would slow disease progression in SOD1 mice using a targeted NRG antagonist (HBD-S-H4)...
December 23, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239338/effects-of-neuregulin-1-on-autonomic-nervous-system-remodeling-post-myocardial-infarction-in-a-rat-model
#12
Xin Lai, Liang Zhong, Hai-Xia Fu, Song Dang, Xin Wang, Ning Zhang, Gao-Ke Feng, Zi-Qiang Liu, Xi Wang, Long Wang
Sympathetic nerve and vagus nerve remodeling play an important part in cardiac function post-myocardial infarction (MI). Increasing evidence indicates that neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) improves cardiac function following heart failure. Since its impact on cardiac function and neural remodeling post-MI is poorly understood, we aimed to investigate the role of NRG-1 in autonomic nervous system remodeling post-MI. Forty-five Sprague-Dawley rats were equally randomized into three groups: sham (with the left anterior descending coronary artery exposed but without ligation), MI (left anterior descending coronary artery ligation), and MI plus NRG-1 (left anterior descending coronary artery ligation followed by intraperitoneal injection of NRG-1 (10 μg/kg, once daily for 7 days))...
November 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233654/trophic-modulation-of-gamma-oscillations-the-key-role-of-processing-protease-for-neuregulin-1-and-bdnf-precursors
#13
Hideki Tamura, Sadao Shiosaka, Shota Morikawa
Gamma oscillations within the cerebral cortex and hippocampus are associated with cognitive processes, including attention, sensory perception, and memory formation; a deficit in gamma regulation is a common symptom of neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Accumulating evidence has suggested that gamma oscillations result from the synchronized activity of cell assemblies coordinated mainly by parvalbumin-positive inhibitory interneurons. The modulator molecules for parvalbumin-positive interneurons are major research targets and have the potential to control the specific oscillatory rhythm and behavior originating from neural coordination...
December 9, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225331/elevated-peripheral-expression-of-neuregulin-1-nrg1-mrna-isoforms-in-clozapine-treated-schizophrenia-patients
#14
Md Shaki Mostaid, Ting Ting Lee, Gursharan Chana, Suresh Sundram, Cynthia Shannon Weickert, Christos Pantelis, Ian Everall, Chad Bousman
Differential expression of neuregulin-1 (NRG1) mRNA isoforms and proteins has been reported in schizophrenia, primarily in post-mortem brain tissue. In this study, we examined 12 NRG1 SNPs, eight NRG1 mRNA isoforms (type I, type I(Ig2), type II, type III, type IV, EGFα, EGFβ, pan-NRG1) in whole blood, and NRG1-β1 protein in serum of clozapine-treated schizophrenia patients (N = 71) and healthy controls (N = 57). In addition, using cultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 15 healthy individuals, we examined the effect of clozapine on NRG1 mRNA isoform and protein expression...
December 11, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221474/increased-expression-of-neuregulin-1-in-the-urothelium-of-rat-bladder-with-partial-bladder-outlet-obstruction
#15
Seung Woo Yang, Seong Woo Jeong, Ki Hak Song
BACKGROUND: This study determined whether changes in the expression of neuregulin (NRG) 1, erbB2 tyrosine kinase (ErbB2) and the M2 muscarinic receptor in the urothelium and detrusor muscle of the rat bladder were associated with partial bladder outlet obstruction (PBOO). METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (body weight 250-300 g) were used and subdivided into control (n = 10) and PBOO groups (n = 20). PBOO was induced for 21 days, and the expression of NRG1, ErbB2 and M2 muscarinic receptor mRNA and protein was evaluated using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blotting, respectively...
December 8, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219039/morphogenesis-and-mucus-production-of-epithelial-tissues-of-three-major-salivary-glands-of-embryonic-mouse-in-3d-culture
#16
Azusa Nakao, Takumi Inaba, Akiko Murakami-Sekimata, Hiroyuki Nogawa
Embryonic mouse submandibular epithelia initiate branching morphogenesis within two days when embedded in Matrigel and stimulated by members of the epidermal growth factor family. However, it is unknown whether the end buds further branch over longer culture periods, and whether saliva-producing cells differentiate there. In the present study, we cultivated three major (submandibular, sublingual and parotid) salivary epithelia from 13-day embryos for 14 days in mesenchyme-free cultures. All epithelia continued to grow and branch to form numerous acinus-like structures in medium supplemented with neuregulin 1, fibroblast growth factor 1, and insulintransferrin-sodium selenite...
December 2017: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210636/new-insights-into-adipokines-as-potential-biomarkers-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Marta Olivera-Santa Catalina, Pedro C Redondo, Carlos Cantonero-Chamorro, Maria P Granados, Jose Sanchez-Collado, Letizia Albarran, Jose Lopez
A large number of studies have been focused on investigating serum biomarkers associated with risk or diagnosis of type-2 diabetes mellitus. In the last decade, promising studies have shown that circulating levels of adipokines could be used as a relevant biomarker for diabetes mellitus progression as well as therapeutic future targets. Here we discuss the possible use of recent described adipokines, including apelin, omentin-1, resistin, FGF-21, neuregulin-4 and visfatin, as early biomarkers for diabetes. In addition, we also include recent findings of other well know adipokines such as leptin and adiponectin...
December 5, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201594/translational-genetic-modelling-of-3d-craniofacial-dysmorphology-elaborating-the-facial-phenotype-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders-through-the-prism-of-schizophrenia
#18
REVIEW
John L Waddington, Stanislav Katina, Colm M P O'Tuathaigh, Adrian W Bowman
Purpose of Review: In the context of human developmental conditions, we review the conceptualisation of schizophrenia as a neurodevelopmental disorder, the status of craniofacial dysmorphology as a clinically accessible index of brain dysmorphogenesis, the ability of genetically modified mouse models of craniofacial dysmorphology to inform on the underlying dysmorphogenic process and how geometric morphometric techniques in mutant mice can extend quantitative analysis. Recent Findings: Mutant mice with disruption of neuregulin-1, a gene associated meta-analytically with risk for schizophrenia, constitute proof-of-concept studies of murine facial dysmorphology in a manner analogous to clinical studies in schizophrenia...
2017: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192411/increased-serum-neuregulin-4-levels-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-case-control-study
#19
Muzaffer Temur, Mehmet Calan, Murat Akşit, Özgür Yılmaz, Tayfur Çift, Burak Akselim, Burcu Dinçgez Çakmak, Emin Üstünyurt
Neuregulin 4 (NRG4) is an adipokine that is synthesized in many tissues and has been shown to be associated with the development of obesity and metabolic disorders in animals and humans. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between serum NRG4 levels and various metabolic parameters in women with PCOS. This cross-sectional study included 40 women with PCOS and 40 age- and BMI-matched controls without PCOS. NRG4, fasting blood glucose (FBG), insulin, hs-CRP, LDL-C, HDL-C, SHBG, DHEA-SO4 and total-testosterone levels were measured in all the participants...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190499/crosstalk-between-developing-vasculature-and-optogenetically-engineered-skeletal-muscle-improves-muscle-contraction-and-angiogenesis
#20
Tatsuya Osaki, Vivek Sivathanu, Roger D Kamm
Capillary networks surrounding skeletal muscle play an important role in not only supplying oxygen and nutrients but also in regulating the myogenesis and repair of skeletal muscle tissues. Herein, we model the early stages of 3D vascularized muscle fiber formation in vitro using a sequential molding technique to investigate interactions between angiogenesis of endothelial cells and myogenesis of skeletal muscle cells. Channelrhodopsin-2 C2C12 muscle fiber bundles and 3D vascular structures (600 μm diameter) were formed at 500 μm intervals in a collagen gel...
November 25, 2017: Biomaterials
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