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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935385/digital-self-harm-among-adolescents
#1
Justin W Patchin, Sameer Hinduja
PURPOSE: Despite increased media and scholarly attention to digital forms of aggression directed toward adolescents by their peers (e.g., cyberbullying), very little research has explored digital aggression directed toward oneself. "Digital self-harm" is the anonymous online posting, sending, or otherwise sharing of hurtful content about oneself. The current study examined the extent of digital self-harm among adolescents. METHODS: Survey data were obtained in 2016 from a nationally representative sample of 5,593 American middle and high school students (12-17 years old)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929996/why-are-psychotic-experiences-associated-with-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviours-a-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-potential-confounding-and-mediating-factors
#2
E Hielscher, J E DeVylder, S Saha, M Connell, J G Scott
Psychotic experiences (PEs), including hallucination- and delusion-like experiences, are robustly associated with self-injurious thoughts and behaviours (SITB) in the general population. However, it remains unclear as to why there is an association. The purpose of this systematic review was to elucidate the role of other factors that influence the association between PEs and SITB and, in doing so, highlight potential mechanisms underlying the relationship. A search of electronic international databases was undertaken, including PubMed, PsycINFO and EMBASE, and eligible studies were grouped according to seven confounder categories: sociodemographics, mental disorders, alcohol and substance use, environmental, psychological, intervention and family history/genetic factors...
September 20, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929615/what-activities-might-facilitate-personal-recovery-for-adults-who-continue-to-self-harm-a-meta-synthesis-employing-the-connectedness-hope-and-optimism-identity-meaning-empowerment-framework
#3
REVIEW
Kris Deering, Jo Williams
Self-harm is an international concern. While treatment in health care focusses on methods to reduce the act, there is less exploration in how to assist adults who are unable to minimize their self-harm. In order to aid these people, in the present systematic review, we employed a qualitative meta-synthesis to explore the lived experience of what activities might facilitate personal recovery for adults who continue to self-harm. Findings were interpreted by drawing on the CHIME framework; a taxonomy of personal recovery comprising of connectedness, hope and optimism, identity, meaning and purpose, and empowerment...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928071/a-behavioral-and-cognitive-neuroscience-perspective-on-impulsivity-suicide-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-meta-analysis-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#4
REVIEW
Richard T Liu, Zoë M Trout, Evelyn M Hernandez, Shayna M Cheek, Nimesha Gerlus
We conducted a meta-analysis of neurobehavioral and neurocognitive indices of impulsivity in relation to suicidal thoughts and behaviors, as well as non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). In our systematic review, 34 studies were identified and submitted to a random-effects meta-analysis. A small pooled effect size was observed for the association between behavioral impulsivity and NSSI (OR=1.34, p<0.05). A small-to-medium pooled effect size (OR=2.23, p<0.001) was found for the association between behavioral impulsivity and suicide attempts, and a medium-to-large pooled effect size was observed for this outcome in relation to cognitive impulsivity (OR=3...
September 16, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924984/body-image-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-validation-of-the-body-investment-scale-in-participants-with-eating-disorders
#5
J H Marco, M Cañabate, J García-Alandete, G Llorca, M Real-López, M Beltrán, S Pérez
The Body Investment Scale (BIS) assesses body image feelings, body care, protection of the body, and comfort in touch, in order to identify and distinguish participants with self-harming and self-destructive tendencies. However, the psychometric properties of the BIS were not analysed in participants diagnosed with eating disorders. The main objective of the present study is to confirm the factor structure of the Spanish version of the BIS and analyse its psychometric properties in a sample composed of women diagnosed with eating disorders...
September 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924278/main-predictors-for-repetition-of-suicidal-behaviour-among-women-referred-to-a-single-public-sector-tertiary-care-hospital-in-iran
#6
Babak Mostafazadeh, Esmaeil Farzaneh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the main predictors for repetition of suicidal behaviour among women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Loghman Hakim Hospital, Tehran, Iran, in 2014, and comprised women patients. The patients were divided into two groups, i.e. women repeating suicide and women without repeating suicide. Data was collected through a checklist and then analysed with SPSS 20. RESULTS: Of the 300 women, 121(40.3%) repeated suicide and 179(59...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921761/risk-factors-leading-to-increased-rehospitalization-rates-among-adolescents-admitted-to-an-acute-care-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-hospital
#7
Logan McCarthy, Lisa M Pullen, Jennifer Savage, Jonathan Cayce
PROBLEM: Suicide is the third leading cause of death in adolescents in the United States, with suicidal behavior peaking in adolescence. Suicidal and self-harming behavior is often chronic, with an estimated 15-30% of adolescents who attempt suicide having a second suicide attempt within a year. The focus of acute psychiatric hospitalization is on stabilization of these psychiatric symptoms resulting at times in premature discharge. Finding from studies based on high rehospitalization rates among adolescents admitted to an acute psychiatric hospital indicates that adolescents continue to experience crisis upon discharge from an acute psychiatric hospital, leading to the question of whether or not these adolescents are being discharged prematurely...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916013/the-emergency-department-challenges-and-opportunities-for-suicide-prevention
#8
REVIEW
Joan Rosenbaum Asarnow, Kalina Babeva, Elizabeth Horstmann
Emergency departments (EDs) can offer life-saving suicide prevention care. This article focuses on the ED and emergency services as service delivery sites for suicide prevention. Characteristics of EDs, models of emergency care, ED screening and brief intervention models, and practice guidelines and parameters are reviewed. A care process model for youths at risk for suicide and self-harm is presented, with guidance for clinicians based on the scientific evidence. Strengthening emergency infrastructure and integrating effective suicide prevention strategies derived from scientific research are critical for advancing suicide prevention objectives...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914094/quality-assessment-of-economic-evaluations-of-suicide-and-self-harm-interventions
#9
Lizell Bustamante Madsen, Michael Eddleston, Kristian Schultz Hansen, Flemming Konradsen
BACKGROUND: Death following self-harm constitutes a major global public health challenge and there is an urgent need for governments to implement cost-effective, national suicide prevention strategies. AIM: To conduct a systematic review and quality appraisal of the economic evaluations of interventions aimed at preventing suicidal behavior. METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed in several literature databases to identify relevant articles published from 2003 to 2016...
September 15, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911915/risk-factors-of-compliance-with-self-harm-command-hallucinations-in-individuals-with-affective-and-non-affective-psychosis
#10
Jules R Dugré, Jean-Pierre Guay, Alexandre Dumais
Clinicians are often left with the difficult task of assessing and managing the risk of violent behaviors in individuals having command hallucinations, which may result in substantial rates of false positive or false negative. Moreover, findings on the association between command hallucinations and suicidal behaviors are limited. In an attempt to better understand compliance to this hallucinatory phenomenon, our objective was to identify the risk factors of compliance with self-harm command hallucinations. Secondary analyses from the MacArthur Study were performed on 82 participants with psychosis reporting such commands...
September 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910214/outcome-trajectories-and-prognostic-factors-for-suicide-and-self-harm-behaviors-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-following-one-year-of-outpatient-psychotherapy
#11
Shelley F McMain, Skye Fitzpatrick, Tali Boritz, Ryan Barnhart, Paul Links, David L Streiner
This study examined suicide and self-harm trajectories in 180 individuals with BPD receiving dialectical behavior therapy or general psychiatric management in a randomized controlled trial. Suicide and self-harm behaviors were assessed at baseline, every four months throughout treatment, and every 6 months over 2 years of follow-up. Latent class growth mixture modeling identified suicide and self-harm trajectories. Multinomial logistic regression analyses examined baseline patient characteristics. Three latent subgroups were identified...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903745/acceptance-of-guidance-to-care-at-the-emergency-department-following-attempted-suicide
#12
W P H Dekker, A C M Vergouwen, M C A Buster, A Honig
BACKGROUND: Research, aimed at improving the continuity of care after hospital discharge following attempted suicide focuses on the effectiveness of the interventions. Little attention has been paid to patients who immediately decline guidance to advised post-discharge care. We aimed to identify differences between accepters and decliners of guidance to care (GtC) in relation to the characteristics of patients who presented at the emergency department (ED) of an urban hospital in the Netherlands after attempted suicide...
September 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901881/sarah-chaney-psyche-on-the-skin-a-history-of-self-harm-london-reaktion-books-2017-pp-315-55-illus-%C3%A2-20-00-hardback-isbn-978-1-78023-750-3
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895269/lithium-and-suicide-in-mood-disorders-updated-meta-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#14
Katharine A Smith, Andrea Cipriani
OBJECTIVES: Suicide and suicidal behaviour are increased in mood disorders, particularly bipolar disorders. Observational studies and small randomized controlled trials (RCTs) support the idea that taking lithium is associated with a reduction in these rates. This paper aims to review the best evidence for the effect of lithium on rates of suicide and self harm. METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library systematically for systematic reviews and meta-analyses of RCTs of lithium and suicide and self harm published between January 1980 and June 2017...
September 12, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893844/accuracy-and-predictive-value-of-incarcerated-adults-accounts-of-their-self-harm-histories-findings-froman-australian-prospective-data-linkage-study
#15
Rohan Borschmann, Jesse T Young, Paul Moran, Matthew J Spittal, Kathryn Snow, Katherine Mok, Stuart A Kinner
BACKGROUND: Self-harm is prevalent in prison populations and is a well-established risk factor for suicide. Researchers typically rely on self-report to measure self-harm, yet the accuracy and predictive value of self-report in prison populations is unclear. Using a large, representative sample of incarcerated men and women, we aimed to examine the level of agreement between self-reported self-harm history and historical medical records, and investigate the association between self-harm history and medically verified self-harm after release from prison...
September 11, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891407/substance-use-and-self-harm-case-studies-from-patients-admitted-to-an-urban-hospital-following-medically-serious-self-harm
#16
Elsie Breet, Jason Bantjes
Few qualitative studies have explored the relationship between substance use and self-harm. We employed a multiple-case study research design to analyze data from 80 patients who were admitted to a hospital in South Africa following self-harm. Our analysis revealed, from the perspective of patients, a number of distinct ways in which substance use is implicated in self-harm. Some patients reported that substance intoxication resulted in poor decision making and impulsivity, which led to self-harm. Others said substance use facilitated their self-harm...
September 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890321/general-hospital-costs-in-england-of-medical-and-psychiatric-care-for-patients-who-self-harm-a-retrospective-analysis
#17
Apostolos Tsiachristas, David McDaid, Deborah Casey, Fiona Brand, Jose Leal, A-La Park, Galit Geulayov, Keith Hawton
BACKGROUND: Self-harm is an extremely common reason for hospital presentation. However, few estimates have been made of the hospital costs of assessing and treating self-harm. Such information is essential for planning services and to help strengthen the case for investment in actions to reduce the frequency and effects of self-harm. In this study, we aimed to calculate the costs of hospital medical care associated with a self-harm episode and the costs of psychosocial assessment, together with identification of the key drivers of these costs...
September 7, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881214/the-influence-of-online-images-on-self-harm-a-qualitative-study-of-young-people-aged-16-24
#18
Nina Jacob, Rhiannon Evans, Jonathan Scourfield
To date, research on the role of the Internet in self-harm has focused on young people's interaction via the medium of text, with limited consideration of the effect of images. This qualitative study explores how young people understand and use online images of self-harm. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a community sample of 21 individuals aged 16-24 living in Wales, UK, with a previous history of self-harm. Interviewees reported the role of the Internet in normalising young people's self-harm...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878818/socioeconomic-position-and-self-harm-among-adolescents-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-stockholm-sweden
#19
Bereket T Lodebo, Jette Möller, Jan-Olov Larsson, Karin Engström
BACKGROUND: Understanding the association between parental socioeconomic position and self-harm in adolescence is crucial due to its substantial magnitude and associated inequality. Most previous studies have been either of cross-sectional nature or based solely on self-reports or hospital treated self-harm. The aim of this study is to determine the association between parental socioeconomic position and self-harm among adolescents with a specific focus on gender and severity of self-harm...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871819/cyanide-poisoning-in-thailand-before-and-after-establishment-of-the-national-antidote-project
#20
Sahaphume Srisuma, Aimon Pradoo, Panee Rittilert, Sunun Wongvisavakorn, Achara Tongpoo, Charuwan Sriapha, Wannapa Krairojananan, Netnapis Suchonwanich, Sumana Khomvilai, Winai Wananukul
CONTEXT: Antidote shortage is a global problem. In Thailand, the National Antidote Project (NAP) has operated since November 2010 to manage the national antidote stockpile, educate the healthcare providers on appropriate antidote use, and evaluate antidote usage. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of NAP implementation on mortality rate and antidote use in cyanide poisoning cases arising from ingestion of cyanide or cyanogenic glycoside. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort of poisoning cases involving cyanide or cyanogenic glycoside ingestion reported to Ramathibodi Poison Center from 1 January 2007 to 31 December 2015...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
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