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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718985/relationships-between-the-frequency-and-severity-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#1
Holly E Andrewes, Carol Hulbert, Susan M Cotton, Jennifer Betts, Andrew M Chanen
AIM: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a recognized indicator of suicide risk. Yet, the ubiquity of this behaviour in borderline personality disorder (BPD) limits its utility as a predictor of risk. Consequently, this study aimed to elucidate the relationship between other features of NSSI, including frequency and severity, and suicide attempts. METHOD: Participants included 107 youth (15 to 25 year olds) with BPD who were assessed for BPD severity, depressive symptoms, 12-month frequency of NSSI and suicide attempts, as well as the levels of treatment sought following each self-harm event...
July 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716389/biomedical-ethics-and-clinical-oversight-in-multisite-observational-neuroimaging-studies-with-children-and-adolescents-the-abcd-experience
#2
REVIEW
Duncan B Clark, Celia B Fisher, Susan Bookheimer, Sandra A Brown, John H Evans, Christian Hopfer, James Hudziak, Ivan Montoya, Margaret Murray, Adolf Pfefferbaum, Deborah Yurgelun-Todd
Observational neuroimaging studies with children and adolescents may identify neurological anomalies and other clinically relevant findings. Planning for the management of this information involves ethical considerations that may influence informed consent, confidentiality, and communication with participants about assessment results. Biomedical ethics principles include respect for autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice. Each project presents unique challenges. The Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development study (ABCD) collaborators have systematically developed recommendations with written guidelines for identifying and responding to potential risks that adhere to biomedical ethics principles...
June 28, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715831/in-older-men-5%C3%AE-reductase-inhibitors-were-linked-to-increased-risk-for-self-harm-and-depression-but-not-suicide
#3
Clifford C Dacso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715280/fatigue-moderates-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-suicidal-ideation-evidence-from-two-high-resolution-studies
#4
Evan M Kleiman, Brianna J Turner, Alexander L Chapman, Matthew K Nock
Theoretical models of self-harm suggest that high perceived stress and high fatigue (which might affect the ability to cope with stress) may interact to predict the short-term occurrence of suicidal ideation and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). We tested 3 approaches to examining this interaction, each of which provided a different understanding of the specific nature of these associations: comparing each individual's daily stress/fatigue to the entire sample's overall average (i.e., grand-mean centering), comparing each individual's daily perceived stress/fatigue to his or her overall average (i...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709057/predictive-validity-of-the-short-term-assessment-of-risk-and-treatability-start-for-multiple-adverse-outcomes-the-effect-of-diagnosis
#5
Rebecca Marriott, Laura E O'Shea, Marco M Picchioni, Geoffrey L Dickens
The Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START) assists risk assessment for seven risk outcomes based on scoring of risk and protective factors and assignment of clinically-informed risk levels. Its predictive validity for violence and self-harm has been established in males with schizophrenia, but accuracy across pathologically diverse samples is unknown. Routine START assessments and 3-month risk outcome data of N = 527 adult, inpatients in a UK secure mental health facility were collected. The sample was divided into diagnostic groups; predictive validity was established using receiver operating characteristics regression (rocreg) analysis in which potential covariates were controlled...
July 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701096/-the-outpatient-clinic-for-adolescent-risk-taking-and-self-harm-behaviors-atr-sk-a-pioneering-approach-of-outpatient-early-detection-and-intervention-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Michael Kaess, Denisa Ghinea, Gloria Fischer-Waldschmidt, Franz Resch
The Outpatient Clinic for Adolescent Risk-taking and Self-harm behaviors (AtR!Sk) - A Pioneering Approach of Outpatient Early Detection and Intervention of Borderline Personality Disorder Self-harm and risk-taking behaviors are frequently occurring problems in adolescents' everyday life and commonly challenge the present child and adolescent health-care system. Those behaviors are typical features of borderline-personality disorder (BPD), a severe mental disorder that is associated with immense psychological strain, increased risk of mortality and poor psychosocial functioning...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693701/the-role-of-hopelessness-and-meaning-in-life-in-a-clinical-sample-with-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts
#7
Sandra Pérez Rodríguez, José H Marco Salvador, Joaquín García-Alandete
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts (SA) lie on a continuum of self-harm, and literature has shown that patients with suicidal intent constitute a more severe group. METHOD: This study aimed to explore differences in the facets of hopelessness (Beck Hopelessness Scale) and meaning in life (Purpose in Life Test) in a clinical sample of 150 patients with a diagnosis of a mental disorder with: a) no NSSI/SA, b) only NSSI, or c) SA/NSSI and SA...
August 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690561/interparental-conflict-relative-to-suicidal-ideation-in-chinese-adolescents-the-roles-of-coping-strategies-and-meaning-in-life
#8
Rongwei Zhang, Dan Li, Fei Chen, Béatrice M Ewalds-Kvist, Shihong Liu
The aim of this study was to explore the paths between interparental conflict and Chinese adolescents' suicidal ideation. Altogether 931 adolescents (Mage = 17.84, SD = 0.77, females = 531) completed the Dyadic Consensus Scale, Self-Report Coping Scale, Meaning in Life Questionnaire, and Positive and Negative Suicide Ideation questionnaires. Mediation analyses were conducted, focusing on the relations between interparental conflict and suicidal ideation along with coping styles and a sense of meaning in life...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688866/a-retrospective-study-can-we-differentiate-between-repeat-self-inflicted-burn-patients-and-those-who-commit-a-self-inflicted-burn-as-an-individual-occurrence
#9
Meelad Sayma, Simon Booth, Debbie Weller, Baljit Dheansa
Self-inflicted burns (SIBs) are a significant cause of burns morbidity worldwide. A sub-group of SIB patients demonstrate recurrent SIB behaviour causing repeated morbidity and an increasing strain on hospital resources. The ability to predict which patients are likely to demonstrate repeat behaviour will allow for more targeted interventions in this group. This study aimed to identify the factors that differentiate patients who repeat SIB from those who commit SIB as an individual occurrence. A three-step approach was adopted: (1) initial data collection through the locally held records of the International Burns Injury Database (iBID); (2) follow-up data of SIB patient information were extracted from patient notes and (3) statistical data analysis...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685703/intoxication-with-alcohol-at-the-time-of-self-harm-and-pre-existing-involvement-with-mental-health-services-are-associated-with-a-pre-disposition-to-repetition-of-self-harming-behavior-in-a-large-cohort-of-older-new-zealanders-presenting-with-an-index-episode
#10
David Ames
The paper on predictors of repeat self-harm and suicide by Cheung et al. (2017), which has been chosen by the editorial team as paper of the month for this issue of International Psychogeriatrics, makes a very useful contribution to the study of self-harm and suicide in late life. Of 339 individuals presenting with an index episode of self-harm to one of seven Emergency Departments (EDs) in New Zealand, close to 15% harmed themselves again within one year and for nearly one in six of these 50 people, the repeat episode was fatal...
August 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685151/depressive-symptoms-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-the-linda-brazil-study
#11
Patrícia Damé, Kadhija Cherubini, Pâmella Goveia, Geórgia Pena, Leony Galliano, Cristina Façanha, Maria Angélica Nunes
This study aimed to assess the frequency and severity of depressive symptoms and their relationship with sociodemographic characteristics in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) who participated in the LINDA-Brazil study. We conducted cross-sectional analyses of 820 women with GDM who were receiving prenatal care in the public health system. We conducted structured interviews to obtain clinical and sociodemographic information and applied the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) to assess depressive symptoms...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681424/feasibility-study-suggests-no-impact-from-protected-engagement-time-on-adverse-events-in-mental-health-wards-for-older-adults
#12
Toby Smith, Allan Clark, Emily Dodd, Mary-Ellen Khoo, Sarah Heneker, Jane Cross, Rik Cheston, Richard Gray, Chris Fox, Fiona Nolan
Hospital adverse events, such as falls, violence and aggression, security, self-harm, and suicide, are difficult to manage in older people with dementia. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether protected engagement time (PET) resulted in lower adverse events and incidents compared to comparable non-PET wards for people admitted to inpatient older people's mental health wards. Ten inpatient wards for older people were included. Five followed a PET-management pathway, while five continued usual care...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680542/six-year-follow-up-of-the-treatment-of-patients-with-dissociative-disorders-study
#13
Amie C Myrick, Aliya R Webermann, Richard J Loewenstein, Ruth Lanius, Frank W Putnam, Bethany L Brand
Objective: Literature on the treatment of dissociative disorders (DDs) suggests that these individuals require long-term and specialized treatment to achieve stabilization and functionality. There is considerable empirical support for specialized phasic, dissociation-focused treatment in reducing a myriad of psychological symptoms and self-harm in this population. However, until recently, there has been a paucity of longitudinal treatment research on DD patients. Method: In the present six-year follow-up study, 61 therapists who participated in the initial phase of the Treatment of Patients with Dissociative Disorders (TOP DD) study answered questionnaires about their study patient's stressors, quality of life, global functioning, victimization, and safety...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680303/an-autopsy-proven-child-onset-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy
#14
Kyuho Lee, Seong-Ik Kim, Yujin Lee, Jae Kyung Won, Sung-Hye Park
Here we present an autopsy case of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in a 36-year-old man. He had a history of febrile seizures at the age of four and was severely demented at age 10 when he was admitted to a mental hospital. He had suffered repetitive self-harm, such as frequent banging of the head on the wall in his hospital record, but he had no clear history between the ages of four and ten. Autopsy revealed global cerebral atrophy, including the basal ganglia, thalamus, hippocampus, amygdala, mammilary bodies and lateral geniculate bodies...
June 2017: Experimental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675938/self-harm-hospitalised-morbidity-and-mortality-risk-using-a-matched-population-based-cohort-design
#15
Rebecca J Mitchell, Cate M Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Prior and repeated self-harm hospitalisations are common risk factors for suicide. However, few studies have accounted for pre-existing comorbidities and prior hospital use when quantifying the burden of self-harm. The aim is to quantify hospitalisation in the 12 months preceding and re-hospitalisation and mortality risk in the 12 months post a self-harm hospitalisation. METHOD: A population-based matched cohort using linked hospital and mortality data for individuals ⩾18 years from four Australian jurisdictions...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673345/pesticide-poisoning-in-chitwan-nepal-a-descriptive-epidemiological-study
#16
Deepak Gyenwali, Abhinav Vaidya, Sundar Tiwari, Prakash Khatiwada, Daya Ram Lamsal, Shrikrishana Giri
BACKGROUND: Globally, there is a growing concern over pesticides use, which has been linked to self-harm and suicide. However, there is paucity of research on the epidemiology of pesticides poisoning in Nepal. This study is aimed at assessing epidemiological features of pesticides poisoning among hospital-admitted cases in selected hospitals of Chitwan District of Nepal. METHODS: A hospital-based quantitative study was carried out in four major hospitals of Chitwan District...
July 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666347/a-contemporary-picture-of-the-burden-of-death-and-disability-in-indian-adolescents-data-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#17
Rohina Joshi, Mohammed Alim, Pallab K Maulik, Robyn Norton
Background: Adolescents (10-19 years old) comprise a fifth of the Indian population (253.2 million), yet there is very little published information about the burden of disease and injury for this age group. This paper aims to provide a contemporary picture of the leading causes of death and disability for Indian adolescent girls and boys for 2013, and changes in deaths and disability between 1990 and 2013. Methods: Data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study for India, for the years 1990 and 2013, were accessed...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664216/rating-scale-item-assessment-of-self-harm-in-postpartum-women-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#18
Jessica L Coker, Shanti P Tripathi, Bettina T Knight, Page B Pennell, Everett F Magann, D Jeffrey Newport, Zachary N Stowe
We examined the utility of screening instruments to identify risk factors for suicidal ideation (SI) in a population of women with neuropsychiatric illnesses at high risk for postpartum depression. Pregnant women with neuropsychiatric illness enrolled prior to 20 weeks of gestation. Follow-up visits at 4-8-week intervals through 13 weeks postpartum included assessment of depressive symptoms with both clinician and self-rated scales. A total of 842 women were included in the study. Up to 22.3% of postpartum women admitted SI on rating scales, despite the majority (79%) receiving active pharmacological treatment for psychiatric illness...
June 30, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662694/a-cross-national-study-on-gender-differences-in-suicide-intent
#19
Aislinné Freeman, Roland Mergl, Elisabeth Kohls, András Székely, Ricardo Gusmao, Ella Arensman, Nicole Koburger, Ulrich Hegerl, Christine Rummel-Kluge
BACKGROUND: Suicide accounts for over 58,000 deaths in Europe per annum, where suicide attempts are estimated to be 20 times higher. Males have been found to have a disproportionately lower rate of suicide attempts and an excessively higher rate of suicides compared to females. The gender difference in suicide intent is postulated to contribute towards this gender imbalance. The aim of this study is to explore gender differences in suicide intent in a cross-national study of suicide attempts...
June 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662415/medico-legal-aspects-of-self-injection-of-metallic-mercury-in-cases-of-suicide-or-self-harming
#20
REVIEW
Ugo Da Broi, Carlo Moreschi, Antonio Colatutto, Barbara Marcon, Silvia Zago
Metallic mercury may be self-injected for suicidal or self-harm purposes or sometimes for superstitious or other inadvisable reasons. Local tissue or systemic consequences such as mercurialism can frequently occur in cases of subcutaneous or deep injection, while death due to pulmonary embolism and cardiac, brain, hepatic or renal toxicity may occur in cases of high dosage intravenous administration. The aim of this review is to focus on the diagnostic difficulties facing coroners and forensic pathologists when the courts require confirmation that evidence of self-injection of metallic mercury is the result of suicide or self-harming...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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