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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791272/are-bullying-perpetration-and-victimization-associated-with-adolescent-deliberate-self-harm-a-meta-analysis
#1
Jessica A Heerde, Sheryl A Hemphill
OBJECTIVES: To appraise internationally published literature investigating bullying in its association with deliberate self-harm (DSH). METHODS: A systematic review and series of meta-analyses using random effects models were conducted. RESULTS: Sixty-eight effect sizes, analyzing data from 156,284 adolescents aged 11-19 years were examined. Results showed significant associations between both traditional bullying perpetration (OR 1.81, 95% CI [1...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779227/risk-profile-of-young-people-admitted-to-hospital-for-suicidal-behaviour-in-melbourne-australia
#2
Rohan Borschmann, Patrick Stark, Chidambaram Prakash, Susan M Sawyer
AIM: Self-harm and suicidal behaviour is most prevalent during adolescence, but little is known about the risk profile of adolescents admitted to hospital for suicidal behaviour. Young people who self-harm are at an increased risk of mortality compared to those who do not self-harm; adolescents admitted to hospital for suicidal behaviour are particularly at risk. The aim of this study was to generate a risk profile of adolescents admitted to hospital with suicidal behaviour. METHODS: We conducted a 12-month retrospective audit of adolescent admissions to the mental health inpatient unit at a tertiary children's hospital in Melbourne, Australia...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766128/a-multi-decade-joinpoint-analysis-of-firearm-injury-severity
#3
Bindu Kalesan, Yi Zuo, Ziming Xuan, Michael B Siegel, Jeffrey Fagan, Charles Branas, Sandro Galea
Background: Non-fatal firearm injuries constitute approximately 70% of all firearm trauma injuries in the United States. Patterns of severity of these injuries are poorly understood. We analyzed the overall, age-, sex- and intent-specific temporal trends in the injury severity of firearm hospitalizations from 1993 to 2014. Methods: We assessed temporal trends in the severity of patients hospitalized for firearm using Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) data over a 22 year period...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764882/postnatal-depression-and-intimate-partner-violence-a-nationwide-clinic-based-cross-sectional-study-in-malaysia
#4
Noor Ani Ahmad, Umi Adzlin Silim, Azriman Rosman, Majdah Mohamed, Ying Ying Chan, Noraida Mohd Kasim, Muslimah Yusof, Mohamad Aznuddin Abd Razak, Maisarah Omar, Fazly Azry Abdul Aziz, Rasidah Jamaluddin, Fatanah Ismail, Nurashikin Ibrahim, Tahir Aris
INTRODUCTION: An estimated 13% of women in the postnatal period suffer from postnatal depression (PND) worldwide. In addition to underprivileged women, women who are exposed to violence are at higher risk of PND. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and PND in Malaysia. METHODS: This survey was conducted as a nationwide cross-sectional study using a cluster sampling design. Probable PND was assessed using a self-administered Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760300/workaholism-and-negative-work-related-incidents-among-nurses
#5
Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Ståle Pallesen, Bente E Moen, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Siri Waage, Wilmar B Schaufeli
The present study comprised 1,781 nurses who participated in an investigation about working conditions, sleep, and health. They answered a questionnaire about age, sex, marital status, children living at home, work hours per week, number of night shifts last year, and total sleep duration and that also included a validated instrument assessing workaholism. In addition, they were asked to report on eight items concerning negative work-related incidents (dozed off at work, dozed while driving, harmed or nearly harmed self, harmed or nearly harmed patients/others, and harmed or nearly harmed equipment)...
May 15, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756683/non-operative-management-of-isolated-single-abdominal-stab-wound-is-it-safe
#6
Hong Xiang Lee, Matthew Hauser, Shivangi Jog, Peter Bautz, Christopher Dobbins
BACKGROUND: This is a retrospective review of prospectively collected data on our hospital, a Level 1 trauma centre, where stable patients with single abdominal stab wounds are considered for non-operative (conservative) management if they fulfil the criteria with the aid of computed tomography. The aim is to review our current approach in managing these patients. METHODS: Patients' data were obtained from January 2005 to June 2016. All injuries classed as assault or self-harm by sharp object in Injury Severity Score body region 4 were included...
May 14, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753432/-links-between-self-harm-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-adolescents
#7
Salomé Grandclerc, Jonathan Lachal
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviour (SB) are both important issues in adolescent health care. The fact that they frequently coexist means that it is important to consider the nature of the link between them and the ways they are understood. Suicide and self-injury share the same risk factors. Integrated models envisage NSSI as a gateway enabling teenagers to acquire a capability for suicide. The act short-circuits the thought process and the intention to die underlying the act appears difficult to assess...
May 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747618/evaluation-of-a-multimodal-school-based-depression-and-suicide-prevention-program-among-dutch-adolescents-design-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Mandy W M Gijzen, Daan H M Creemers, Sanne P A Rasing, Filip Smit, Rutger C M E Engels
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, suicide has been the most important cause of mortality in youth aged 15 to 29 years in the Netherlands. Depression is an important risk factor for suicidal behaviors (i.e., suicide ideation, deliberate self-harm, planning, and suicide attempts) in adolescents. Adolescents who develop depressive symptoms, are also at risk for adult depression. This developmental continuity is especially noticeable in adolescents compared to other age groups; therefore, it is necessary to develop preventive strategies for teens...
May 10, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747476/caring-for-young-people-who-self-harm-a-review-of-perspectives-from-families-and-young-people
#9
REVIEW
Sophie Curtis, Pinar Thorn, Alison McRoberts, Sarah Hetrick, Simon Rice, Jo Robinson
Self-harm among young people remains largely stigmatised and misunderstood. Parents have been identified as key facilitators in the help-seeking process, yet they typically report feeling ill-equipped to support the young person in their care. The aim of this review was to examine the perspectives of both young people (aged 12⁻28) and parents and to develop the conceptual framework for a future qualitative study. A systematic search of MEDLINE and PsycINFO was performed to identify articles that focused on the experiences of family members and young people related to managing the discovery of self-harm...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743942/what-do-young-adolescents-think-about-taking-part-in-longitudinal-self-harm-research-findings-from-a-school-based-study
#10
Joanna Lockwood, Ellen Townsend, Leonie Royes, David Daley, Kapil Sayal
Background: Research about self-harm in adolescence is important given the high incidence in youth, and strong links to suicide and other poor outcomes. Clarifying the impact of involvement in school-based self-harm studies on young adolescents is an ethical priority given heightened risk at this developmental stage. Methods: Here, 594 school-based students aged mainly 13-14 years completed a survey on self-harm at baseline and again 12-weeks later. Change in mood following completion of each survey, ratings and thoughts about participation, and responses to a mood-mitigation activity were analysed using a multi-method approach...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743941/cost-effectiveness-of-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-vs-enhanced-usual-care-in-the-treatment-of-adolescents-with-self-harm
#11
Egil Haga, Eline Aas, Berit Grøholt, Anita J Tørmoen, Lars Mehlum
Background: Studies have shown that dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is effective in reducing self-harm in adults and adolescents. Aims: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of DBT for adolescents (DBT-A) compared to enhanced usual care (EUC). Methods: In a randomised study, 77 adolescents with repeated self-harm were allocated to 19 weeks of outpatient treatment, either DBT-A ( n  = 39) or EUC ( n  = 38). Cost-effective analyses, including estimation of incremental cost-effectiveness ratios, were conducted with self-harm and global functioning (CGAS) as health outcomes...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740834/multidisciplinary-care-considerations-for-gender-nonconforming-adolescents-with-eating-disorders-a-case-series
#12
Abigail A Donaldson, Allison Hall, Jodie Neukirch, Vania Kasper, Shannon Simones, Sherry Gagnon, Steven Reich, Michelle Forcier
Gender nonconforming youth are at risk for body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Currently, only a small body of literature addresses this high-risk group. The five cases in this series highlight important themes for this patient population from an interdisciplinary perspective. Identified themes include increased risk for self-harm/suicide, complex psychiatric, and medical implications of delay to treatment for either gender dysphoria or disordered eating, and the importance of collaborative management to maximize care and facilitate healthy development to adulthood...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731412/comparison-of-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-an-intensive-community-supported-discharge-service-versus-treatment-as-usual-for-adolescents-with-psychiatric-emergencies-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Dennis Ougrin, Richard Corrigall, Jason Poole, Toby Zundel, Mandy Sarhane, Victoria Slater, Daniel Stahl, Paula Reavey, Sarah Byford, Margaret Heslin, John Ivens, Maarten Crommelin, Zahra Abdulla, Daniel Hayes, Kerry Middleton, Benita Nnadi, Eric Taylor
BACKGROUND: Intensive community treatment to reduce dependency on adolescent psychiatric inpatient care is recommended in guidelines but has not been assessed in a randomised controlled trial in the UK. We designed a supported discharge service (SDS) provided by an intensive community treatment team and compared outcomes with usual care. METHODS: Eligible patients for this randomised controlled trial were younger than 18 years and had been admitted for psychiatric inpatient care in the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust...
May 3, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730846/the-effects-of-rtms-on-impulsivity-in-normal-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Cheng-Chang Yang, Birgit Völlm, Najat Khalifa
Impulsivity is a multi-dimensional construct that is regarded as a symptom of many psychiatric disorders. Harm resulting from impulsive behaviour can be substantial for the individuals concerned, for their social network, and for wider society. Therefore, the importance of developing therapeutic interventions to target impulsivity is paramount. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature from AMED, Embase, Medline, and PsycINFO databases on the use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in healthy adults to modulate different subdomains (motor, temporal and reflection) of impulsivity...
May 5, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729685/common-genetic-contributions-to-high-risk-trauma-exposure-and-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors
#15
Leah S Richmond-Rakerd, Timothy J Trull, Ian R Gizer, Kristin McLaughlin, Emily M Scheiderer, Elliot C Nelson, Arpana Agrawal, Michael T Lynskey, Pamela A F Madden, Andrew C Heath, Dixie J Statham, Nicholas G Martin
BACKGROUND: Prior research has documented shared heritable contributions to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal ideation (SI) as well as NSSI and suicide attempt (SA). In addition, trauma exposure has been implicated in risk for NSSI and suicide. Genetically informative studies are needed to determine common sources of liability to all three self-injurious thoughts and behaviors, and to clarify the nature of their associations with traumatic experiences. METHODS: Multivariate biometric modeling was conducted using data from 9526 twins [59% female, mean age = 31...
May 6, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725188/beware-of-phenytoin-self-harm-in-children
#16
Varun Kumar Singh, Jayantee Kalita, Usha Kant Misra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723720/serum-uric-acid-levels-in-first-episode-mania-effect-on-clinical-presentation-and-treatment-response-data-from-a-case-control-study
#17
Seshadri Sekhar Chatterjee, Sutanuka Ghosal, Sayantanava Mitra, Nitu Mallik, Malay Kumar Ghosal
Bipolar disorder (BD) patients have increased serum Uric Acid (UA) levels as compared to their healthy counterparts. They also demonstrate higher impulsivity - while symptomatic, as well as when in remission. Impulsivity adds a risk of self-harming behavior to BD, and studies show that it increases with UA levels. Given this complex relationship, the current project aimed at comparing UA levels in first-episode mania patients with matched controls, and analyzes its relationship with impulsivity, symptom severity and disease prognosis...
April 26, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722056/systematic-review-and-quality-appraisal-of-practice-guidelines-for-self-harm-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
Darren B Courtney, Stephanie Duda, Peter Szatmari, Joanna Henderson, Kathryn Bennett
This study aimed to systematically identify and appraise clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) relating to the assessment and management of suicide risk and self-harm in children and adolescents. Our research question is as follows: For young people (under 18 years old) presenting to clinical care with suicide ideation or a history of self-harm, what is the quality of up-to-date CPGs? Using the PRISMA format, we systematically identified CPGs meeting our inclusion and exclusion criteria. Subsequently, two independent raters conducted appraisals of the eligible CPGs using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II instrument...
May 2, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721594/increasing-rates-of-self-harm-among-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-10-year-national-registry-study-2007-2016
#19
Eve Griffin, Elaine McMahon, Fiona McNicholas, Paul Corcoran, Ivan J Perry, Ella Arensman
PURPOSE: Rates of hospital-treated self-harm are highest among young people. The current study examined trends in rates of self-harm among young people in Ireland over a 10-year period, as well as trends in self-harm methods. METHODS: Data from the National Self-Harm Registry Ireland on presentations to hospital emergency departments (EDs) following self-harm by those aged 10-24 years during the period 2007-2016 were included. We calculated annual self-harm rates per 100,000 by age, gender and method of self-harm...
May 2, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709109/clinical-outcomes-of-a-stepped-care-program-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#20
Lise Laporte, Joel Paris, Tanya Bergevin, Ronald Fraser, Jean-François Cardin
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the clinical outcomes of two clinics for borderline personality disorder (BPD) in a naturalistic setting, offering a stepped care model with both short-term (ST) treatment lasting 12 weeks and extended care (EC) up to 24 months. METHODS: A total of 479 patients attending the ST clinic and 145 attending the EC clinic were assessed on depression, impulsivity, self-esteem, emotion dysregulation, substance abuse, self-harm and suicidality...
April 30, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
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