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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208077/personality-dimensions-in-schizophrenia-a-family-study
#1
Vina M Goghari
Studies have demonstrated that personality traits differ in schizophrenia patients and family members compared to controls, suggesting familial risk. This study evaluated personality traits in a family study of schizophrenia, as well as the relationship between personality traits and symptoms and social functioning in schizophrenia patients. Thirty-two schizophrenia patients, 28 adult non-psychotic relatives, and 27 community controls completed the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ)...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199869/antipsychotic-treatment-effects-on-cardiovascular-cancer-infection-and-intentional-self-harm-as-cause-of-death-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-dementia
#2
R-E Nielsen, A Lolk, M Rodrigo-Domingo, J-B Valentin, K Andersen
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common disease causing dementia, is linked to increased mortality. However, the effect of antipsychotic use on specific causes of mortality has not yet been investigated thoroughly. METHODS: Utilizing the Danish nationwide registers, we defined a cohort of patients diagnosed with AD. Utilizing separate Cox regressions for specific causes of mortality, we investigated the effects of cumulative antipsychotic dosage after diagnosis and current antipsychotic exposure in the time period 2000-2011...
December 12, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198942/normative-analysis-of-the-voice-of-children-in-brazilian-child-protection-legislation
#3
Renata de Moura Bubadué, Ivone Evangelista Cabral, Franco Carnevale, Felipe Dutra Asensi
Objective: to identify and analyse children's voices in healthcare decision making in the discourse of Brazil's child protection laws. Method: Documentary normative analysis of Brazil's child protection legislation (1988-2012) based on the content analysis of nine texts, conducted in 2015. Results: The legislation acknowledges and stresses the voice of children in the decision-making process in research and healthcare. Any recognition of the right to dignity, liberty, information, and protection depends on what the adult decision-maker (with parental authority) believes is the child's capacity for discernment and whether the situation will cause self-harm...
February 9, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196499/workplace-violence-towards-nurses-in-hong-kong-prevalence-and-correlates
#4
Teris Cheung, Paul S F Yip
BACKGROUND: Nurses are especially vulnerable to violent and other forms of aggression in the workplace. Nonetheless, few population-based studies of workplace violence have been undertaken among working-age nurse professionals in Hong Kong in the last decade. METHODS: The study estimates the prevalence and examines the socio-economic and psychological correlates of workplace violence (WPV) among professional nurses in Hong Kong. The study uses a cross-sectional survey design...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187717/which-young-people-in-england-are-most-at-risk-of-an-alcohol-related-revolving-door-readmission-career
#5
Andrew R Hoy
BACKGROUND: This research investigated what Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) records could reveal about the development of problematic drinking careers among young people in England. METHODS: A cohort of 7286 young people (aged 12-18) who had an index alcohol-related emergency admission between April 2003 and March 2004 were investigated for subsequent alcohol-related readmission. Regressions of patient and visit characteristics were performed against measures of readmission...
February 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182490/factor-structure-factorial-invariance-and-validity-of-the-multidimensional-shame-related-response-inventory-21-msri-21
#6
Antonio F Garcia, Melina Acosta, Saifa Pirani, Daniel Edwards, Augustine Osman
We describe 2 studies designed to evaluate scores on the Multidimensional Shame-related Response Inventory-21 (MSRI-21), a recently developed instrument that measures affective and behavioral responses to shame. The inventory assesses shame-related responses in 3 categories: negative self-evaluation, fear of social consequences, and maladaptive behavior tendency. For Study 1, (N = 743) undergraduates completed the MSRI-21. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the validity of the MSRI-21 3-factor structure...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165275/strong-schools-against-suicidality-and-self-injury-evaluation-of-a-workshop-for-school-staff
#7
Rebecca Groschwitz, Lara Munz, Joana Straub, Isabelle Bohnacker, Paul L Plener
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidality are common among adolescents. School staff are often the first adults to be confronted with those behaviors. However, previous studies have shown a lack of knowledge and confidence in dealing with self-harming behaviors. Objectives of this study were to evaluate a workshop on NSSI and suicidality in adolescence for teachers, school social workers and school psychologists. In total, N = 267 school staff participated in 1 of 16 two-day workshops, which were offered in different cities in southern Germany...
February 6, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162079/how-should-children-s-nurses-manage-mental-health-issues
#8
(no author information available yet)
If you read the website run by the charity YoungMinds you get a stark warning about the mental health problems that young people and the health professionals that work with them deal with. One in ten young people aged 5-16 have diagnosable mental health disorders, and between one in every 12 and one in 15 children and young people deliberately self-harm.
February 6, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160318/the-relationship-between-nonsuicidal-self-injury-age-of-onset-and-severity-of-self-harm
#9
Brooke A Ammerman, Ross Jacobucci, Evan M Kleiman, Lauren L Uyeji, Michael S McCloskey
This study examined how age of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) onset relates to NSSI severity and suicidality using decision tree analyses (nonparametric regression models that recursively partition predictor variables to create groupings). Those with an earlier age of NSSI onset reported greater NSSI frequency, NSSI methods, and NSSI-related hospital visits. No significant splits were found for suicide ideation or attempts, although those with an earlier onset were more likely to have a suicide plan. Overall, findings suggest that onset of NSSI before age 12 is associated with more severe NSSI and may be a crucial age for prevention efforts...
February 3, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160098/influence-of-exposure-to-perinatal-risk-factors-and-parental-mental-health-related-hospital-admission-on-adolescent-deliberate-self-harm-risk
#10
Nan Hu, Jianghong Li, Rebecca A Glauert, Catherine L Taylor
Adolescent deliberate self-harm (DSH) has been found to be associated with a range of bio-psycho-social factors. Simultaneous investigations of these factors enable more robust estimation of the independent effect of a specific risk factor by adjusting for a more complete set of covariates. However, few studies have had the ability to examine all of these factors together. This study used the linkage of population-level de-identified data collections from government agencies to investigate a range of biological, psychological, and social risk factors and their effects on adolescent risk of DSH (with or without suicidal intent)...
February 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159424/relationship-between-predictors-of-incident-deliberate-self-harm-and-suicide-attempts-among-adolescents
#11
Yu-Hsin Huang, Hui-Ching Liu, Fang-Ju Sun, Fang-Ju Tsai, Kuo-Yang Huang, Ting-Chun Chen, Yo-Ping Huang, Shen-Ing Liu
PURPOSE: Data on the incidence of deliberate self-harm (DSH) and suicide attempts (SAs) are lacking in non-Western adolescents, and no studies have investigated differences in incident DSH and SA worldwide. This study aimed to investigate the incidence rates and relationships between predictors in DSH and SA. METHODS: The Taiwanese Adolescent Self-Harm Project was a longitudinal study of DSH among adolescents. We recruited 5,879 students from 14 senior high schools in northern Taiwan...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152466/aggressive-behavior-and-self-harm-in-borderline-personality-disorder-the-role-of-impulsivity-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-a-sample-of-outpatients
#12
Laura Terzi, Francesca Martino, Domenico Berardi, Biancamaria Bortolotti, Anna Sasdelli, Marco Menchetti
Impulsivity has often been related to aggressive and self-mutilative behavior in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Many authors focused on the key role of emotion dysregulation in explaining vulnerability to dysfunctional behavior in BPD in addition to trait impulsivity. Furthermore, recent works have shed light on a gap in empirical research concerning the specific mechanisms by which a lack of affective regulation produces aggression proneness. The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of impulsivity and emotion dysregulation in determining vulnerability to aggression and deliberate self-harm in a sample of BPD outpatients...
January 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149035/chlorantraniliprole-an-unusual-insecticide-poisoning-in-humans
#13
Ajay Kumar Mishra, Vignesh Kumar Chandiraseharan, Nisha Jose, Thambu David Sudarsanam
A 26-year-old female presented with deliberate self-harm using chlorantraniliprole, an unknown substance in human toxicology. She developed symptomatic Mobitz Type I atrioventricular block during observation, for which a temporary pacemaker was inserted. She reverted to sinus rhythm after 48 h and was discharged. Although claimed to be nontoxic to humans, chlorantraniliprole, an insecticide, could cause conduction defects by activating ryanodine receptors. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of chlorantraniliprole poisoning reported in the medical literature...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137299/a-cross-sectional-study-of-quality-of-life-in-a-cohort-of-enteral-ostomy-patients-presenting-to-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-a-developing-country-in-south-asia
#14
Umesh Jayarajah, Dharmabandhu N Samarasekera
BACKGROUND: Enteral ostomy creation affects the quality of life (QOL) of stoma patients significantly. Studying the QOL and its determinants is important as it may help in the early identification of those with poor QOL leading to appropriate intervention. This study was aimed to assess the possible contributory factors of QOL of stoma patients. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted among 43 ostomy patients who presented for follow up at a surgical clinic of a tertiary care hospital in Sri Lanka over a period of 1 year...
January 31, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135831/residential-staff-responses-to-adolescent-self-harm-the-helpful-and-unhelpful
#15
Dan R Johnson, Kirstin Ferguson, Jennifer Copley
Adolescent self-harm is prevalent in residential and secure care and is the cause of distress to those harming themselves, to the staff caring for them and for other young people living with them. This article sought service user views on what staff supports were effective and what were counter-productive in order to improve the care offered to young people. Seven young people living in residential or secure care were interviewed. Thematic analysis was used to elicit key themes. Global themes of safety and care were elicited...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135642/associations-between-self-harm-and-distinct-types-of-impulsivity
#16
Samuel R Chamberlain, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
OBJECTIVE: There is an ongoing debate regarding how self-harm should be classified. The aim of this study was to characterize associations between self-harm and impulsivity. METHOD: Total 333 adults (mean [SD] age 22.6 (3.6) years, 61% male) were recruited from the general community. History of self-harm was quantified using the Self-Harm Inventory (SHI), which asks about 22 self-harm behaviors. Principal components analysis was used to identify latent dimensions of self-harming behaviors...
January 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131947/cumulative-childhood-maltreatment-and-its-dose-response-relation-with-adult-symptomatology-findings-in-a-sample-of-adult-survivors-of-sexual-abuse
#17
Iris M Steine, Dagfinn Winje, John H Krystal, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Anne Marita Milde, Janne Grønli, Inger Hilde Nordhus, Ståle Pallesen
In the present study, we examined the role of cumulative childhood maltreatment experiences for several health related outcomes in adulthood, including symptoms of psychological distress as well as perceived social support and hardiness. The sample comprised adult survivors of sexual abuse (N=278, 95.3% women, mean age at first abusive incident=6.4 years). One-way ANOVAs revealed a statistically significant dose-response relation between cumulative childhood maltreatment scores and self-reported symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTSS), anxiety, depression, eating disorders, dissociation, insomnia, nightmare related distress, physical pain, emotional pain, relational problems, self-harm behaviors as well as on a measure of symptom complexity...
January 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129783/the-self-help-online-against-suicidal-thoughts-sos-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Charlotte Mühlmann, Trine Madsen, Carsten Hjorthøj, Ad Kerkhof, Merete Nordentoft, Annette Erlangsen
BACKGROUND: Suicidal thoughts are common, causing distress for millions of people all over the world. However, people with suicidal thoughts might not access support due to financial restraints, stigma or a lack of available treatment offers. Self-help programs provided online could overcome these barriers, and previous efforts show promising results in terms of reducing suicidal thoughts. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of an online self-help intervention in reducing suicidal thoughts among people at risk of suicide...
January 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124465/motivations-for-adolescent-self-harm-and-the-implications-for-mental-health-nurses
#19
L Doyle, A Sheridan, M P Treacy
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Self-harm is a relatively common occurrence in adolescents; however, there remains a lack of understanding about the motivations behind adolescent self-harm, and this poor understanding can have a negative impact on how mental health professionals respond to young people who self-harm. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This paper identifies the reasons for self-harm in a community sample of young people and finds that the functions of self-harm differ for different people and that there may be multiple reasons for self-harm...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117707/the-basic-act-for-suicide-prevention-effects-on-longitudinal-trend-in-deliberate-self-harm-with-reference-to-national-suicide-data-for-1996-2014
#20
Miharu Nakanishi, Kaori Endo, Shuntaro Ando
A suicide prevention strategy was launched in Japan in 2006 to address the high suicide rate, which had increased considerably since 1998. The national strategy from 2007 involved the enhancement of psychiatric treatment services at emergency medical facilities and supportive observation by individuals close to patients. The national suicide rate has decreased gradually since 2008; however, national information regarding the number of patients who had engaged in deliberate self-harm was absent. Therefore, the present study examined the longitudinal trend in hospital admissions due to deliberate self-harm in Japan...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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