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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076943/repetition-rate-after-non-fatal-self-poisoning-in-sri-lanka-a-one-year-prospective-longitudinal-study
#1
T N Rajapakse, K M Griffiths, S Cotton, H Christensen
Introduction: Attempted or non-fatal self-poisoning is an important public health problem in Sri Lanka. Current evidence from Sri Lanka suggests that this phenomenon is more common among young people, and females, and is associated with a recent interpersonal conflict. International studies indicate that recent non-fatal selfharm is associated with an increased risk of repetition and completed suicide. Prospective follow-up data regarding rates of repetition of self-harm in Sri Lanka is limited...
30, 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068618/the-effectiveness-of-suicide-prevention-delivered-by-gps-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Allison Milner, Katrina Witt, Jane Pirkis, Sarah Hetrick, Jo Robinson, Dianne Currier, Matthew J Spittal, Andrew Page, Gregory L Carter
BACKGROUND: The aim of this review was to assess whether suicide prevention provided in the primary health care setting and delivered by GPs results in fewer suicide deaths, episodes of self-harm, attempts and lower frequency of thoughts about suicide. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis using PRIMSA guidelines. Eligible studies: 1) evaluated an intervention provided by GPs; 2) assessed suicide, self-harm, attempted suicide or suicide ideation as outcomes, and; 3) used a quasi-experimental observational or trial design...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068498/adapting-dialectical-behavior-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-dissociative-identity-disorder
#3
Brad Foote, Kim Van Orden
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), created by Marsha Linehan, has been shown to be an effective therapy for the treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and for suicidal and self-harming behavior. Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a complex post-traumatic disorder which is highly comorbid with BPD, shares a number of clinical features with BPD, and which like BPD features a high degree of suicidality. The DID treatment literature emphasizes the importance of a staged approach, beginning with the creation of a safe therapeutic frame prior to addressing traumatic material; DBT is also a staged treatment, in which behavioral and safety issues are addressed in Stage 1, and trauma work reserved for Stage 2...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066905/implications-of-genital-mutilation-at-autopsy
#4
Roger W Byard
Given the potential significance of mutilation of the external genitalia in medicolegal fatalities, a review of the literature was undertaken to identify subcategories. Such mutilations may have been sustained sometime before death, around the time of death, or after death. The most common type of ante mortem genital mutilations involves cultural practices such as male circumcision. Less common male mutilations such as subincisions are tribally based. Female genital mutilation is found particularly in African, Middle Eastern, or Asian populations...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066008/revisiting-profile-of-deliberate-self-harm-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-after-an-interval-of-10-years
#5
Paramjeet Singh, Raghav Shah, Purav Midha, Ajitabh Soni, Sunil Bagotia, Kusum Lata Gaur
CONTEXT: Sociocultural factors complement psychopathological factors that result in deliberate self-harm (DSH). A study of change in these factors over time is essential for preventive action. AIMS: To identify factors influencing DSH, which have shown significant variation over a period of 10 years. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Two hospital-based cross-sectional analytic types of observational studies were performed at two different times at an interval of 10 years...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065425/clinical-outcome-of-patients-with-self-inflicted-burns
#6
P A Cornet, A S Niemeijer, G D Figaroa, M A van Daalen, T W Broersma, M E van Baar, G I J M Beerthuizen, M K Nieuwenhuis
INTRODUCTION: Patients with self-inflicted burns (SIB) are thought to have a longer length of stay compared to patients with accidental burns. However, other predictors for a longer length of stay are often not taken into account, e.g. percentage of the body surface area burned, age or comorbidities. Therefore, we wanted to study the outcome of patients with SIB at our burn center. METHODS: A retrospective, observational study was conducted. All adult patients with acute burns admitted to the burn center of the Martini Hospital Groningen, between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013 were included...
January 5, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050894/patients-with-preexisting-psychiatric-disorders-admitted-to-icu-a-descriptive-and-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Arnaud Gacouin, Adel Maamar, Pierre Fillatre, Emmanuelle Sylvestre, Margaux Dolan, Yves Le Tulzo, Jean Marc Tadié
BACKGROUND: While the psychiatric disorders are conditions frequently encountered in hospitalized patients, there are little or no data regarding the characteristics and short- and long-term outcomes in patients with preexisting psychiatric disorders in ICU. Such assessment may provide the opportunity to determine the respective impact on mortality in the ICU and after ICU discharge with reasons for admission, including modalities of self-harm, of underlying psychiatric disorders and prior psychoactive medications...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045285/a-pragmatic-randomized-clinical-trial-of-behavioral-activation-for-depressed-pregnant-women
#8
Sona Dimidjian, Sherryl H Goodman, Nancy E Sherwood, Gregory E Simon, Evette Ludman, Robert Gallop, Stacy Shaw Welch, Jennifer M Boggs, Christina A Metcalf, Sam Hubley, J David Powers, Arne Beck
OBJECTIVE: Depression among pregnant women is a prevalent public health problem associated with poor maternal and offspring development. Behavioral activation (BA) is a scalable intervention aligned with pregnant women's preference for nonpharmacological depression care. This is the first test of the effectiveness of BA for depression among pregnant women, which aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of BA as compared with treatment as usual (TAU). METHOD: Pregnant women (mean age = 28...
January 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035740/hospital-staff-experiences-of-their-relationships-with-adults-who-self-harm-a-meta-synthesis
#9
REVIEW
Sophie O'Connor, Lesley Glover
PURPOSE: This review aimed to synthesize qualitative literature exploring inpatient hospital staff experiences of their relationships with people who self-harm. METHODS: Nine studies were identified from a systematic search of five research databases. Papers included the experiences of physical health and mental health staff working in inpatient settings. The studies employed various qualitative research methods and were appraised using an adapted quality assessment tool (Tong, Sainsbury, & Craig, )...
December 30, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031594/suicide-in-rural-central-india-profile-of-attempters-of-deliberate-self-harm-presenting-to-padhar-hospital-in-madhya-pradesh
#10
Johann Alex Ebenezer, Vivek Joge
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a significant public health issue. India currently has the largest number of suicides in the world and has a disproportionate number of youth suicides including young women. The studies on patterns of suicide in rural central India are sparse, particularly among tribal communities. AIMS: The aim of this study is to describe the profile of suicide attempters presenting to a secondary-level hospital in rural central India and identify areas for potential future research toward preventive strategies...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031591/attitudes-of-general-hospital-staff-toward-patients-who-self-harm-in-south-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Narendra Kumar, Rajagopal Rajendra, Sumanth Mallikarjuna Majgi, Murali Krishna, Paul Keenan, Steve Jones
BACKGROUND: There is growing global interest into the attitudes and clinical management of persons who deliberately self-harm. People who self-harm experience many problems and typically have many needs related to management of their psychological wellbeing. A positive attitude amongst general hospital staff should prevail with people who self-harm. The principal purpose was to determine student staff attitudes towards patients who self-harmed from a professional and cultural perspective, which might influence patient treatment following hospital admission...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026869/the-relationship-between-perfectionism-and-psychopathology-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Karina Limburg, Hunna J Watson, Martin S Hagger, Sarah J Egan
OBJECTIVE: The clinical significance of 2 main dimensions of perfectionism (perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns) was examined via a meta-analysis of studies investigating perfectionism in the psychopathology literature. METHOD: We investigated relationships between psychopathology outcomes (clinical diagnoses of depression, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and eating disorders; symptoms of these disorders; and outcomes related to psychopathology, such as deliberate self-harm, suicidal ideation, and general distress) and each perfectionism dimension...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013099/gender-differences-in-substance-abuse-ptsd-and-intentional-self-harm-among-veterans-health-administration-patients
#13
Jaimie L Gradus, Sarah Leatherman, Andrew Curreri, Lisa G Myers, Ryan Ferguson, Matthew Miller
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have reported substance abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnoses as risk factors for suicide among Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients. Research on risk factors for suicide may not generalize to our understanding of non-fatal intentional self-harm (ISH), given the evidence that these outcomes have unique risk factors. The aims of this study were to examine (1) gender-stratified rates of non-fatal ISH in VHA patients with alcohol abuse/dependence, drug abuse/dependence, and PTSD and (2) gender-stratified interaction between alcohol abuse and dependence and drug abuse and dependence and PTSD in predicting non-fatal ISH...
November 21, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011004/appetite-loss-as-a-potential-predictor-of-suicidal-ideation-and-self-harm-in-adolescents-a-school-based-study
#14
Yuko Kitagawa, Shuntaro Ando, Syudo Yamasaki, Jerome Clifford Foo, Yuji Okazaki, Shinji Shimodera, Atsushi Nishida, Fumiharu Togo, Tsukasa Sasaki
Suicide is a leading cause of death in adolescents, but detection of its risk is often challenging. Many mental illnesses share the common symptom of appetite loss and it is also known that people who suffer from these illnesses are at greater risk of suicide. However, the relationship between appetite loss and suicide risk has yet to be examined. For adolescents in particular, questions about appetite loss may be easier to answer than sensitive questions regarding mental health. The present study aims to investigate the association of appetite loss with suicidal ideation and self-harm in adolescents...
December 21, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007056/mental-health-disparities-among-canadian-transgender-youth
#15
Jaimie F Veale, Ryan J Watson, Tracey Peter, Elizabeth M Saewyc
PURPOSE: This study documented the prevalence of mental health problems among transgender youth in Canada and made comparisons with population-based studies. This study also compared gender identity subgroups and age subgroups (14-18 and 19-25). METHODS: A nonprobability sample of 923 transgender youth from Canada completed an online survey. Participants were recruited through community organizations, health care settings, social media, and researchers' networks...
January 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004479/female-suicides-psychosocial-and-psychiatric-characteristics-identified-by-a-psychological-autopsy-study-in-japan
#16
Manami Kodaka, Toshihiko Matsumoto, Takashi Yamauchi, Michiko Takai, Norihito Shirakawa, Tadashi Takeshima
AIM: Although the female suicide rate in Japan is one of the highest among OECD countries, little has been done to assess the psychosocial and psychiatric characteristics of Japanese female suicide completers. This study aimed to examine gender differences in psychosocial and psychiatric characteristics of suicide completers using a psychological autopsy study method, and identify female suicide factors and intervention points to prevent female suicides. METHODS: A semi-structured interview was conducted with close family members of adult suicide completers...
December 22, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997471/rate-of-acute-hospital-admissions-before-and-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-a-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Sigrid Bjerge Gribsholt, Elisabeth Svensson, Bjørn Richelsen, Uffe Raundahl, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Reimar Wernich Thomsen
OBJECTIVE: To examine rates of acute inpatient hospital admissions patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery and a matched population-based comparison cohort. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Little is known about the admission rates before and after RYGB. METHODS: Nationwide population-based cohort study, including all 9985 patients undergoing RYGB in Denmark during 2006 to 2010, and 247,375 matched general population comparisons...
December 16, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991808/suicide-and-self-injury-related-implicit-cognition-a-large-scale-examination-and-replication
#18
Jeffrey J Glenn, Alexandra J Werntz, S J Katarina Slama, Shari A Steinman, Bethany A Teachman, Matthew K Nock
Suicide and self-injury are difficult to predict because at-risk individuals are often unable or unwilling to report their intentions. Therefore, tools to reliably assess risk without reliance on self-report are critically needed. Prior research suggests that people who engage in suicidal and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) often implicitly (i.e., outside conscious control) associate themselves with self-harm and death, indicating that self-harm-related implicit cognition may serve as a useful behavioral marker for suicide risk...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969084/religious-coping-among-self-harm-attempters-brought-to-emergency-setting-in-india
#19
Sandeep Grover, Siddharth Sarkar, Ashish Bhalla, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
This study attempted to evaluate religious coping and its correlates among patients presenting with self-harm to an emergency setting and compared it with a healthy control group. Religious coping was assessed using brief RCOPE. Beck Hopelessness Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Barratt Impulsivity Scale, Scale for Suicidal Ideations and Irritability Depression Anxiety scale were used to assess for hopelessness, depression, impulsiveness, suicidal ideations and irritability respectively. The study included 32 subjects with depression and 77 subjects without any psychiatric diagnosis who presented with self-harm and 50 healthy controls...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969068/psychological-characteristics-of-self-harming-behavior-in-korean-adolescents
#20
Woo Kyeong Lee
Recently, self-injury is drawing the attention of researchers and clinicians. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and psychological characteristics of adolescents who engage in self-harm and to examine the risk factors for engaging in this harmful behavior among Korean mid-adolescents. Participants were 784 adolescents aged 13-15 years. They completed self-report questionnaires that assessed (1) Non-Suicidal Self-Injury: the Self-Harm Questionnaire, Toronto Alexithymia Scale; (2) depression: Children's Depression Inventory; (3) adolescent-parent relationship: Parental Bonding Instrument; (4) peer attachment: Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment; and (5) academic stress...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
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