keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Self-harm

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449235/psychometric-properties-of-the-mental-health-and-social-inadaptation-assessment-for-adolescents-mia-in-a-population-based-sample
#1
Sylvana M Côté, Massimiliano Orri, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Michel Boivin, Christa Japel, Jean R Séguin, Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Alexandra Rouquette, Bruno Falissard, Richard E Tremblay
We report on the psychometric properties of the Mental Health and Social Inadaptation Assessment for Adolescents (MIA), a self-report instrument for quantifying the frequency of mental health and psychosocial adaptation problems using a dimensional approach and based on the DSM-5. The instrument includes 113 questions, takes 20-25 minutes to answer, and covers the past 12 months. A population-based cohort of adolescents (n = 1443, age = 15 years; 48% males) rated the frequency at which they experienced symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Depression, Generalized Anxiety, Social Phobia, Eating Disorders (i...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449013/suicide-mortality-among-pacific-peoples-in-new-zealand-1996-2013
#2
Jemaima Tiatia-Seath, Roy Lay-Yee, Martin von Randow
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe trends in suicide mortality for Pacific peoples in New Zealand by reviewing official data over the period 1996-2013. METHOD: Death registrations where the underlying causes of death were intentional self-harm was examined and area of interest was identified and presented. RESULTS: Over a 17-year period (1996-2013), there were 380 total Pacific suicides (4.1%) out of 9,307 suicides nationally for New Zealand's total population...
April 28, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440902/between-visit-changes-in-suicidal-ideation-and-risk-of-subsequent-suicide-attempt
#3
Gregory E Simon, Susan M Shortreed, Eric Johnson, Arne Beck, Karen J Coleman, Rebecca C Rossom, Ursula S Whiteside, Belinda H Operskalski, Robert B Penfold
BACKGROUND: While clinicians are expected to routinely assess and address suicide risk, existing data provide little guidance regarding the significance of visit-to-visit changes in suicidal ideation. METHODS: Electronic health records from four large healthcare systems identified patients completing the Patient Health Questionnaire or PHQ9 at outpatient visits. For patients completing two questionnaires within 90 days, health system records and state vital records were used to identify nonfatal and fatal suicide attempts...
April 25, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436681/psychometric-validation-of-the-geriatric-suicide-ideation-scale-gsis-among-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder
#4
Norm O'Rourke, Marnin J Heisel, Sarah L Canham, Andrew Sixsmith, Hamed Yaghoubi-Shahir, David B King
OBJECTIVES: Across age groups, bipolar disorder (BD) carries the greatest risk of death by suicide of all psychiatric conditions; 25%-50% of those with BD will make one or more suicide attempt. Psychometrically sound instruments are required to reliably measure suicide ideation and risk of self-harm for older adults with BD. For this study, we validate the geriatric suicide ideation scale (GSIS) with adults 50+ years with BD. METHODS: We recruited a global sample of 220 older adults with BD (M = 58...
April 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434872/the-use-of-emergency-department-based-psychological-interventions-to-reduce-repetition-of-self-harm-behaviour
#5
Katrina Witt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434871/a-brief-psychological-intervention-to-reduce-repetition-of-self-harm-in-patients-admitted-to-hospital-following-a-suicide-attempt-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Rory C O'Connor, Eamonn Ferguson, Fiona Scott, Roger Smyth, David McDaid, A-La Park, Annette Beautrais, Christopher J Armitage
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether a volitional helpsheet (VHS), a brief psychological intervention, could reduce repeat self-harm in the 6 months following a suicide attempt. METHODS: We did a prospective, single-site, randomised controlled trial. Patients admitted to a hospital in Edinburgh, UK, after a suicide attempt were deemed eligible for the study if they were over the age of 16 years, had a self-reported history of self-harm, were fluent in English, were medically fit to interview, and were not participating in other research studies within the hospital...
April 20, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426393/a-systematic-literature-review-of-experiences-of-professional-care-and-support-among-people-who-self-harm
#7
Britt-Marie Lindgren, Carl Göran Svedin, Sophie Werkö
Background Self-harm is an increasing phenomenon among young people, with potentially fatal outcomes. Patient's perceptions of treatment and support are poorly documented. Aim The aim was to synthesise the experiences of those who self-harm, with special reference to professional care and support by family, friends and the school system. Method A systematic review of the literature was conducted. Results Following retrieval of 1,623 abstracts, 14 studies were included in the final analysis, 11 of which are reported here...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422921/population-based-estimate-of-trauma-related-deaths-for-law-enforcement-personnel-risks-for-death-are-higher-and-increasing-over-time
#8
Alexander L Eastman, Michael W Cripps, Kareem R Abdelfattah, Kenji Inaba, Thomas G Weiser, David A Spain, Kristan L Staudenmayer
OBJECTIVE: Trauma-related deaths remain an important public health problem. One group susceptible to death due to traumatic mechanisms is U.S. Law Enforcement (LE). We hypothesized that LE officers experienced a higher chance of violent death compared to the general U.S. population and that risks have increased over time. METHODS: The National Institute on Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) National Occupational Mortality Surveillance (NOMS) is a population-based survey of occupational deaths...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421661/safety-in-psychiatric-inpatient-care-the-impact-of-risk-management-culture-on-mental-health-nursing-practice
#9
Allie Slemon, Emily Jenkins, Vicky Bungay
The discourse of safety has informed the care of individuals with mental illness through institutionalization and into modern psychiatric nursing practices. Confinement arose from safety: out of both societal stigma and fear for public safety, as well as benevolently paternalistic aims to protect individuals from self-harm. In this paper, we argue that within current psychiatric inpatient environments, safety is maintained as the predominant value, and risk management is the cornerstone of nursing care. Practices that accord with this value are legitimized and perpetuated through the safety discourse, despite evidence refuting their efficacy, and patient perspectives demonstrating harm...
April 18, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410113/watch-dog-detecting-self-harming-activities-from-wrist-worn-accelerometers
#10
Pratool Bharti, Anurag Panwar, Ganesh Gopalakrishna, Sriram Chellappan
In a 2012 survey, in the United States alone, there were more than 35; 000 reported suicides with approximately 1; 800 of being psychiatric inpatients. Recent CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) reports indicate an upward trend in these numbers. In psychiatric facilities, staff perform intermittent or continuous observation of patients manually in order to prevent such tragedies, but studies show that they are insufficient, and also consume staff time and resources. In this paper, we present the Watch-Dog system, to address the problem of detecting self-harming activities when attempted by in-patients in clinical settings...
April 7, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405343/role-of-depression-in-diabetes-management-in-an-ethnic-minority-population-a-case-of-korean-americans-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Miyong To Kim, Kim Byeng Kim, Jisook Ko, Yuri Jang, David Levine, Hochang Benjamin Lee
BACKGROUND: Comorbid depression and diabetes mellitus (DM) compound challenges to disease management such as low health literacy, insufficient access to care, and social or linguistic isolation. Korean Americans (KAs), predominantly first-generation immigrants, suffer from a high prevalence of type 2 DM and depression. Limited research on KAs has prevented the development of effective interventions. OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of depression in KAs with DM and all Americans with/without DM, and to explore correlates of comorbid DM and depression and strategies to address KAs' DM and depression...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403164/characterising-the-latent-structure-and-organisation-of-self-reported-thoughts-feelings-and-behaviours-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#12
Michelle C St Clair, Sharon Neufeld, Peter B Jones, Peter Fonagy, Edward T Bullmore, Raymond J Dolan, Michael Moutoussis, Umar Toseeb, Ian M Goodyer
Little is known about the underlying relationships between self-reported mental health items measuring both positive and negative emotional and behavioural symptoms at the population level in young people. Improved measurement of the full range of mental well-being and mental illness may aid in understanding the aetiological substrates underlying the development of both mental wellness as well as specific psychiatric diagnoses. A general population sample aged 14 to 24 years completed self-report questionnaires on anxiety, depression, psychotic-like symptoms, obsessionality and well-being...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402749/mental-health-concerns-and-insurance-denials-among-transgender-adolescents
#13
Leena Nahata, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Nicole M Caltabellotta, Amy C Tishelman
PURPOSE: Transgender youth are at high risk for mental health morbidities. Based on treatment guidelines, puberty blockers and gender-affirming hormone therapy should be considered to alleviate distress due to discordance between an individual's assigned sex and gender identity. The goals of this study were to examine the: (1) prevalence of mental health diagnoses, self-injurious behaviors, and school victimization and (2) rates of insurance coverage for hormone therapy, among a cohort of transgender adolescents at a large pediatric gender program, to understand access to recommended therapy...
April 12, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400690/transient-distal-renal-tubular-acidosis-in-organophosphate-poisoning
#14
Ram Narayan, Mansoor C Abdulla, Jemshad Alungal
Renal complications due to organophosphate poisoning are very rare. We are presenting a unique case of transient distal renal tubular acidosis due to organophosphate poisoning, which to the best of our knowledge is the first of its kind. An elderly female after deliberate self-harm with ingestion of chlorpyrifos had multiple ventricular arrhythmias due to hypokalemia secondary to distal renal tubular acidosis which improved completely after treatment.
March 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399909/myplan-mobile-phone-application-to-manage-crisis-of-persons-at-risk-of-suicide-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Kate Andreasson, Jesper Krogh, Per Bech, Hanne Frandsen, Niels Buus, Barbara Stanley, Ad Kerkhof, Merete Nordentoft, Annette Erlangsen
BACKGROUND: Persons with a past episode of self-harm or severe suicidal ideation are at elevated risk of self-harm as well as dying by suicide. It is well established that suicidal ideation fluctuates over time. Previous studies have shown that a personal safety plan can assist in providing support, when a person experiences suicide ideation, and help seeking professional assistance if needed. The aim of the trial is to determine whether a newly developed safety mobile app is more effective in reducing suicide ideation and other symptoms, compared to a safety plan on paper...
April 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399751/safe-with-self-injury-a-practical-guide-to-understanding-responding-and-harm-reduction-inckle-kay-safe-with-self-injury-a-practical-guide-to-understanding-responding-and-harm-reduction-274pp-%C3%A2-23-99-pccs-books-9781910919163-1910919160-formula-see-text
#16
(no author information available yet)
The author begins her book with a concise exploration of the stereotypes and truths of self-harm. In the following seven chapters, she sets out a grounded and often challenging view of how self-harm is understood from differing perspectives.
April 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397618/suicide-by-mental-health-in-patients-under-observation
#17
S Flynn, T Nyathi, S-G Tham, A Williams, K Windfuhr, N Kapur, L Appleby, J Shaw
BACKGROUND: Observations in psychiatric in-patient settings are used to reduce suicide, self-harm, violence and absconding risk. The study aims were to describe the characteristics of in-patients who died by suicide under observation and examine their service-related antecedents. METHOD: A national consecutive case series in England and Wales (2006-2012) was examined. RESULTS: There were 113 suicides by in-patients under observation, an average of 16 per year...
April 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394506/lithium-levels-in-tap-water-and-the-mental-health-problems-of-adolescents-an-individual-level-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Shuntaro Ando, Shinsuke Koike, Shinji Shimodera, Ryosuke Fujito, Ken Sawada, Takeshi Terao, Toshi A Furukawa, Tsukasa Sasaki, Shimpei Inoue, Nozomu Asukai, Yuji Okazaki, Atsushi Nishida
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between lithium level in tap water and mental health problems, including depressive symptoms, anxiety, and aggressive and suicidal behaviors, in a general population of adolescents using a large individual-level dataset. METHODS: A school-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in Kochi Prefecture in Japan between 2008 and 2009. Students in 24 public junior high schools were asked to anonymously complete a self-report questionnaire...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389689/ambulance-attendances-resulting-from-self-harm-after-release-from-prison-a-prospective-data-linkage-study
#19
Rohan Borschmann, Jesse T Young, Paul Moran, Matthew J Spittal, Ed Heffernan, Katherine Mok, Stuart A Kinner
OBJECTIVE: Incarcerated adults are at high risk of self-harm and suicide and remain so after release into the community. The aims of this study were to estimate the number of ambulance attendances due to self-harm in adults following release from prison, and to identify factors predictive of such attendances. METHODS: Baseline surveys with 1309 adults within 6 weeks of expected release from prison between 2008 and 2010 were linked prospectively with state-wide correctional, ambulance, emergency department, hospital and death records in Queensland, Australia...
April 7, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387535/bullying-and-mental-health-and-suicidal-behaviour-among-14-to-15-year-olds-in-a-representative-sample-of-australian-children
#20
Rebecca Ford, Tania King, Naomi Priest, Anne Kavanagh
OBJECTIVE: To provide the first Australian population-based estimates of the association between bullying and adverse mental health outcomes and suicidality among Australian adolescents. METHOD: Analysis of data from 3537 adolescents, aged 14-15 years from Wave 6 of the K-cohort of Longitudinal Study of Australian Children was conducted. We used Poisson and linear regression to estimate associations between bullying type (none, relational-verbal, physical, both types) and role (no role, victim, bully, victim and bully), and mental health (measured by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, symptoms of anxiety and depression) and suicidality...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
30570
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"