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Hepatocyte growth factor

Qingqing Wei, Ruiqi Li, Liang Zhong, Haiyuan Mu, Shaopeng Zhang, Liang Yue, Jinzhu Xiang, Enhong Li, Minglei Zhi, Suying Cao, Jianyong Han
After zygotic genome activation and lineage specification, zygotes develop into late blastocysts comprising three distinct cell types. The molecular mechanisms underlying this progress are largely unknown in pigs. Here, we intended to analyze an extensive set of regulators at the single-cell level to define the events involved in the development of the porcine blastocysts. Using a quantitative microfluidics approach in single cells, we detected mRNA levels of 96 genes known to function in early embryonic development and maintenance of stem cell pluripotency simultaneously in 480 individual cells derived from porcine preimplantation embryos...
March 13, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Koji Yamamoto, Makiko Kawaguchi, Takeshi Shimomura, Aya Izumi, Kazuomi Konari, Arata Honda, Chen-Yong Lin, Michael D Johnson, Yoshihiro Yamashita, Tsuyoshi Fukushima, Hiroaki Kataoka
Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor (HAI)-1/ SPINT1 and HAI-2/ SPINT2 are membrane-anchored protease inhibitors having homologous Kunitz-type inhibitor domains. They regulate membrane-anchored serine proteases, such as matriptase and prostasin. Whereas HAI-1 suppresses the neoplastic progression of keratinocytes to invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) through matriptase inhibition, the role of HAI-2 in keratinocytes is poorly understood. In vitro homozygous knockout of the SPINT2 gene suppressed the proliferation of two oral SCC (OSCC) lines (SAS and HSC3) but not the growth of a non-tumorigenic keratinocyte line (HaCaT)...
February 20, 2018: Oncotarget
Yu Wu, Ze-Yang Ding, Guan-Nan Jin, Yi-Xiao Xiong, Bin Yu, Yi-Min Sun, Wei Wang, Hui-Fang Liang, Bixiang Zhang, Xiao-Ping Chen
Hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) are a subpopulation of cells which was usually expanded in chronic liver injury and are contributed to liver regeneration through differentiating into hepatocytes and cholangiocytes. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition is a dynamic process which is important for the progression of liver fibrosis and cancer initiation. This study demonstrated that LE/6 and WB-F344 cells, both of which were HPC derived cell lines, were undergoing partial epithelial-mesenchymal transition states, which was indicated by the co-expression of epithelial markers (E-cadherin and zona occludin 1), and mesenchymal markers (vimentin, fibronectin, collagen 1and α-SMA)...
March 12, 2018: Biochimie
Yasmine Baktash, Anisha Madhav, Kelly E Coller, Glenn Randall
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) enters hepatocytes via various entry factors, including scavenger receptor BI (SR-B1), cluster of differentiation 81 (CD81), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), claudin-1 (CLDN1), and occludin (OCLN). As CLDN1 and OCLN are not readily accessible due to their tight junctional localization, HCV likely accesses them by either disrupting cellular polarity or migrating to the tight junction. In this study, we image HCV entry into a three-dimensional polarized hepatoma system and reveal that the virus sequentially engages these entry factors through actin-dependent mechanisms...
March 14, 2018: Cell Host & Microbe
George Inana, Christopher Murat, Weijun An, Xiang Yao, Ian R Harris, Jing Cao
BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness among the elderly characterized by retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) degeneration with accumulation of abnormal intracellular deposits (lipofuscin) and photoreceptor death. RPE is vital for the retina and integrity of photoreceptors through its phagocytic function which is closely linked to formation of lipofuscin through daily phagocytosis of discarded photoreceptor outer segments (POS). Although phagocytosis has been implicated in AMD, it has not been directly shown to be altered in AMD...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Meysam Nasiri, Mohammad-Hossein Karimi, Negar Azarpira, Iraj Saadat
OBJECTIVES: Toll-like receptors and downstream signal transduction pathways play pivotal roles in induction of inflammation, which is crucial for liver injury and regeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a mouse model of partial hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury followed by a 28-day time course for liver repair and regeneration, we assessed gene expression levels for Toll-like receptors, myeloid differentiation primary response 88, TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-β, nuclear factor κB, interferon regulatory factors, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukins 1β and 6 at days 1, 4, 7, 14, and 28 after reperfusion in liver and blood cells by quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Ileana Ruxandra Botusan, Xiaowei Zheng, Sampath Narayanan, Jacob Grünler, Vivekananda Gupta Sunkari, Freja S Calissendorff, Ishrath Ansurudeen, Christopher Illies, Johan Svensson, John-Olov Jansson, Claes Ohlsson, Kerstin Brismar, Sergiu-Bogdan Catrina
OBJECTIVE: IGF-I is a growth factor, which is expressed in virtually all tissues. The circulating IGF-I is however derived mainly from the liver. IGF-I promotes wound healing and its levels are decreased in wounds with low regenerative potential such as diabetic wounds. However, the contribution of circulating IGF-I to wound healing is unknown. Here we investigated the role of systemic IGF-I on wound healing rate in mice with deficiency of liver-derived IGF-I (LI-IGF-I-/- mice) during normal (normoglycemic) and impaired wound healing (diabetes)...
2018: PloS One
Chien-Liang Liu, Po-Sheng Yang, Ming-Nan Chien, Yuan-Ching Chang, Chi-Hsin Lin, Shih-Ping Cheng
SPINT1, also known as HAI-1, is a Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor that inhibits multiple proteases including hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) activator and matriptase. SPINT1 has been shown to modulate HGF/MET activation in certain cancer types. In the present study, we analyzed microarray datasets and found that SPINT1 was consistently upregulated in differentiated thyroid cancer. SPINT1 protein expression was investigated using tissue microarrays and independent samples of our 143 patients. Strong SPINT1 expression was observed in 61-68% of papillary thyroid cancer and 41-50% of follicular thyroid cancer...
March 12, 2018: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Chakradhari Inampudi, Emmanuel Akintoye, Tomo Ando, Alexandros Briasoulis
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) refers to narrowing of the peripheral arteries and atherosclerosis is the most important cause. In patients with PAD, revascularization is the preferred therapeutic strategy; nonetheless several patients are not deemed candidates for it due to advanced disease or several comorbidities. The main target of therapeutic angiogenesis is to promote development of new arterial vessels and improve perfusion of ischemic tissue. Angiogenic growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), administered intramuscularly or intra-arterially, have been shown to promote angiogenesis and development of collateral vasculature in preclinical studies...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
Andrey Elchaninov, Timur Fatkhudinov, Natalia Usman, Irina Arutyunyan, Andrey Makarov, Anastasia Lokhonina, Irina Eremina, Viktor Surovtsev, Dmitry Goldshtein, Galina Bolshakova, Valeria Glinkina, Gennady Sukhikh
AIM: To investigate the influence of the umbilical cord-derived multipotent stromal cells (MSCs) on recovery of the liver after the subtotal resection, that is, removal of 80% of the organ mass, a renowned model of the small-for-size liver remnant syndrome. METHODS: The MSCs were obtained from the intervascular tissue of umbilical cords, dissected from rat fetuses, by the explant culture technique. The vital labeling of MSCs with РКН26 was carried out on the 3rd passage...
February 27, 2018: World Journal of Hepatology
Seong Ji Park, Seung Koo Lee, Chae Rin Lim, Hye Won Park, Fang Liu, Seong-Jin Kim, Byung-Chul Kim
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has been implicated in tumor progression, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) exhibits cytostatic and apoptotic effects in hepatocytes and several types of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines, and deregulation of its signaling pathway is linked to hepatic tumorigenesis. In the present study, we observed that HO-1 is expressed at higher levels in HCC tissues than in paired normal tissues. Moreover, TGF-β1-induced cell cycle arrest and up-regulation of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors in HCC cell lines were significantly attenuated by overexpression of HO-1 or treatment with tricarbonyldichlororuthenium(II) dimer ([Ru(CO)3 Cl2 ]2 , suggesting an inhibitory role of the HO-1/CO axis in TGF-β signaling to growth inhibition in HCC cell lines...
March 7, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Nicole Matejckova, Alena Zajicova, Barbora Hermankova, Jan Kossl, Pavla Bohacova, Vladimir Holan, Eliska Javorkova
AIMS: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have recently been tested in clinical trials to treat severe diseases, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Since autologous MSCs are frequently used for therapy, we aimed to evaluate the possible influence of the disease on characteristics and function of these cells. METHODS: MSCs were isolated from the bone marrow of patients with ALS and compared with MSCs from healthy controls (HC). The cells were tested for phenotype, growth properties, differentiation ability, metabolic activity, secretory potential, expression of genes for immunomodulatory molecules and for the ability to regulate proliferation of mitogen-stimulated peripheral blood leucocytes...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Chenyue Ding, Qinyan Zou, Fuxin Wang, Huihua Wu, Rulei Chen, Jinghuan Lv, Mingfa Ling, Jian Sun, Wei Wang, Hong Li, Boxian Huang
BACKGROUND: Although many reports show that various kinds of stem cells have the ability to recover function in premature ovarian aging, few studies have looked at stem cell treatment of natural ovarian aging (NOA). We designed this experimental study to investigate whether human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) retain the ability to restore ovarian function, and how hAMSCs work in this process. METHODS: To build the NOA mouse model, the mice were fed for 12-14 months normally with young fertile female mice as the normal control group (3-5 months old)...
March 9, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Cong Du, Yuan Feng, Dongbo Qiu, Yan Xu, Mao Pang, Nan Cai, Andy Peng Xiang, Qi Zhang
BACKGROUND: The advent of human-induced pluripotent stem cells holds great promise for producing ample individualized hepatocytes. Although previous efforts have succeeded in generating hepatocytes from human pluripotent stem cells in vitro by viral-based expression of transcription factors and/or addition of growth factors during the differentiation process, the safety issue of viral transduction and high cost of cytokines would hinder the downstream applications. Recently, the use of small molecules has emerged as a powerful tool to induce cell fate transition for their superior stability, safety, cell permeability, and cost-effectiveness...
March 9, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Artur Jurczyszyn, Anna Zebzda, Joanna Gdula-Argasińska, Jacek Czepiel, David H Vesole, William Perucki, Marcin Majka
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have shown a role of the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) as a ligand for the MET receptor in promoting aggressiveness in myeloma cells. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to confirm the presence of the MET receptor in myeloma cell lines, to establish a stable lentiviral construct directed against MET receptor mRNA and then to evaluate the effect of blocking MET receptor expression both in vitro and in vivo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The U266 and INA6 cells were transduced using a lentiviral vector carrying siRNA to achieve the reduction of MET receptor expression...
February 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
M Graupp, B Rinner, M T Frisch, G Weiss, J Fuchs, M Sundl, A El-Heliebi, G Moser, L P Kamolz, M Karbiener, M Gugatschka
BACKGROUND: Vocal fold (VF) scarring remains a therapeutic dilemma and challenge in modern laryngology. To facilitate corresponding research, we aimed to establish an in vitro fibrogenesis model employing human VF fibroblasts (hVFF) and the principles of macromolecular crowding (MMC). METHODS: Fibrogenesis was promoted by addition of transforming growth factor-β1 to standard medium and medium containing inert macromolecules (MMC). Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and Botox type A were tested for their antifibrotic properties in various doses...
March 8, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
M А Boldyreva, I V Bondar, I S Stafeev, P I Makarevich, I B Beloglazova, E S Zubkova, E K Shevchenko, Y D Molokotina, M N Karagyaur, Е I Rаtner, Ye V Parfyonova
Peripheral nerve injury remains a common clinical problem with no satisfactory treatment options. Numerous studies have shown that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) exerts neurotrophic effect in motor, sensory, and parasympathetic neurons in addition to mitogenic, morphogenic, angiogenic, antiapoptotic, antifibrotic, and anti-inflammatory effect on various tissues and cells. In our study we examined efficacy of gene therapy with HGF-bearing plasmid (pC4W-hHGF) to improve consequences of traumatic nerve injury in mice...
March 5, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Awen Menou, JanWillem Duitman, Bruno Crestani
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is a devastating chronic, progressive and irreversible disease that remains refractory to current therapies. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors, tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs), have been implicated in the development of pulmonary fibrosis since decades. Coagulation signalling deregulation, which influences several key inflammatory and fibro-proliferative responses, is also essential in IPF pathogenesis, and a growing body of evidence indicates that Protease-Activated Receptors (PARs) inhibition in IPF may be promising for future evaluation...
March 5, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Hong-Qiang Chen, Ji Zhao, Yan Li, Li-Xiong He, Yu-Jing Huang, Wei-Qun Shu, Jia Cao, Wen-Bin Liu, Jin-Yi Liu
Microcystin (MC) is a cyclic heptapeptide compound which could lead to the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the underlying epigenetic regulation mechanism is largely unknown. In this study, microcystin-LR (L: lysine, R: arginine, MC-LR) was used to induce the malignant transformation of human hepatocyte L02 cell line. The profile of gene expression, microRNA (miRNA) and DNA methylation were detected through high-throughput sequencing. Compared with control group, the expression of 826 genes and 187 miRNAs changed significantly in MC-LR treated group...
March 5, 2018: Toxicology Letters
Tetsuya Ikemoto, Rui Feng, Mitsuo Shimada, Yu Saito, Shuichi Iwahashi, Yuji Morine, Satoru Imura
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to develop a simple protocol for deriving insulin-producing cells (IPCs) from adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs). We established a 2-step creation method and an acceleration strategy with a histone deacetylase inhibitor that promoted a pro-endocrine pancreatic lineage. METHODS: We seeded ADSCs in 96-well dishes and cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium/F12 medium containing 1% fetal bovine serum, 1% B27 supplement, 1% N2 supplement, 50-ng/mL human activin A, and 10-nM exendin-4 for step 1 of differentiation (7 days)...
April 2018: Pancreas
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