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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027294/classification-of-self-injurious-behaviour-across-the-continuum-of-relative-environmental-biological-influence
#1
L P Hagopian, M A Frank-Crawford
Self-injurious behaviour (SIB) is generally considered to be the product of interactions between dysfunction stemming from the primary developmental disability and experiences that occasion and reinforce SIB. As a result of these complex interactions, SIB presents as a heterogeneous problem. Recent research delineating subtypes of SIB that are nonsocially mediated, including one that is amenable to change and one that is highly invariant, enables classification of SIB across a broader continuum of relative environmental-biological influence...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024902/psychological-and-behavioral-characteristics-of-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-chinese-adolescents
#2
Zhen-Zhen Liu, Hua Chen, Qi-Gui Bo, Ren-Hong Chen, Feng-Wen Li, Lei Lv, Cun-Xian Jia, Xianchen Liu
BACKGROUND: Suicide attempts (SA) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are prevalent in adolescents and important risk factors of suicide death. Both SA and NSSI are associated with multiple psychosocial, behavioral, biological and genetic factors. This study examined similarities and differences in psychological vulnerability and internalizing and externalizing problems between adolescents with SA and NSSI. METHODS: Participants consisted of 11,831 students and had a mean age of 14...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020264/examining-the-association-between-temperature-and-emergency-room-visits-from-mental-health-related-outcomes-in-california
#3
Rupa Basu, Lyndsay Gavin, Dharshani Pearson, Keita Ebisu, Brian Malig
Temperature and morbidity has been explored previously. However, the association between temperature and mental health-related outcomes, including violence and self-harm, remains relatively unexamined. We obtained daily counts of mental health-related emergency room visits involving injuries with external cause from the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development from 16 California climate zones from 2005 to 2013, and combined them with data on mean apparent temperature, a combination of temperature and humidity...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018995/impulsivity-and-response-latency-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-the-role-of-negative-urgency-in-emotion-regulation
#4
Brooke L Maxfield, Carolyn M Pepper
Impulsivity is thought to be a contributing factor in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), yet the research is limited and inconsistent. In particular, little is known about how impulsivity is associated with response latency between initial urge and later self-injury, emotion regulation processes, or severity of NSSI. In this study, we tested group differences between participants with and without a history of NSSI on a questionnaire measure of impulsivity. In addition, we tested hypothesized correlations between impulsivity and relevant variables within the NSSI sample using questionnaires and self-reported response latency between urge and injury...
October 11, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017139/do-serum-bdnf-levels-vary-in-self-harm-behavior-among-adolescents-and-are-they-correlated-with-traumatic-experiences
#5
Canem Kavurma, Fatma Varol Tas, Burcu Serim Demirgoren, Ferhat Demirci, Pınar Akan, Damla Eyuboglu, Taner Guvenir
The aim of this study was to compare serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels between adolescents that harm themselves, those that receive psychiatric treatment but do not harm themselves, healthy adolescents, and childhood traumas and to investigate the relationship between traumatic experiences and serum BDNF levels. The cases were divided into two groups of 40 adolescents exhibiting self-harm behavior (self-harm/diagnosed group) and 30 adolescents receiving psychiatric treatment but not exhibiting self-harm behaviors (non self-harm/diagnosed group)...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017093/personality-pathology-and-intentional-self-harm-cross-cutting-insights-from-categorical-and-dimensional-models
#6
REVIEW
Brianna J Turner, Hyejin M Jin, Michael D Anestis, Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Kim L Gratz
This paper reviews current literature on the links between personality pathology and intentional self-harm, including nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviors. Specifically, this review highlights recent advances stemming from longitudinal, epidemiological, and health registry studies, as well as emerging research on pathological personality traits and intentional self-harm, and integrates current knowledge across dimensional and categorical frameworks to provide recommendations for clinical practice and future research...
September 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993102/examining-the-role-of-sex-in-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors
#7
REVIEW
Kathryn R Fox, Alexander J Millner, Cora E Mukerji, Matthew K Nock
Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), including nonsuicidal self-injury, suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts, and suicide death exhibit substantial sex differences. Across most countries, men die by suicide more frequently than women; yet, women think about and attempt suicide more frequently than men. Research on sex differences in nonsuicidal self-injury is less developed; however, nonsuicidal self-injury is historically understood as a primarily female phenomenon. This review describes current research on sex differences across SITBs with a focus on factors that moderate these effects, such as age, race, geographic region, and time...
September 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988001/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-rural-china-results-from-a-nationwide-survey-in-china
#8
Jie Tang, Guowei Li, Baoxin Chen, Zhijie Huang, Yanmei Zhang, Hongjuan Chang, Chunxia Wu, Xiaoguang Ma, Jiaji Wang, Yizhen Yu
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a highly prevalent and serious public health problem among adolescents worldwide. However, to date there were no studies assessing the prevalence of NSSI defined by suggested DSM-5 criteria among Chinese adolescents. We aimed to conduct a nationwide survey to explore the prevalence of and risk factors for NSSI among school-based adolescents in rural China. METHODS: A total sample of 15,623 adolescents in rural China were enrolled by using a multistage sampling method...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982380/effectiveness-of-the-who-s-challenging-who-support-staff-training-intervention-to-improve-attitudes-and-empathy-towards-adults-with-intellectual-disability-and-challenging-behaviours-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Elizabeth Randell, Richard P Hastings, Rachel McNamara, Roseanna Knight, David Gillespie, Zachary Taylor
BACKGROUND: Findings suggest approximately one in six people with intellectual disability engage in 'challenging behaviours', which include aggression towards others/property and self-injurious actions. In residential settings, actions of staff members can make challenging behaviours more likely to occur, or make these behaviours worse. In particular, negative attitudes from members of staff and lack of understanding about the reasons for challenging behaviour are contributory factors...
October 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970807/the-relationship-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Gianluca Serafini, Giovanna Canepa, Giulia Adavastro, Jacopo Nebbia, Martino Belvederi Murri, Denise Erbuto, Benedetta Pocai, Andrea Fiorillo, Maurizio Pompili, Eirini Flouri, Mario Amore
INTRODUCTION: Childhood maltreatment (CM) has been associated with an increased risk of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviors. However, the exact nature of the association between CM and NSSI is currently unclear. The present review aimed to systematically investigate the association between CM and NSSI in adolescence and early adulthood. METHODS: A systematic search of four major electronic databases covering both medical and social science research (PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, and PsycINFO) was conducted...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965006/measuring-childhood-maltreatment-to-predict-early-adult-psychopathology-comparison-of-prospective-informant-reports-and-retrospective-self-reports
#11
Joanne B Newbury, Louise Arseneault, Terrie E Moffitt, Avshalom Caspi, Andrea Danese, Jessie R Baldwin, Helen L Fisher
Both prospective informant-reports and retrospective self-reports may be used to measure childhood maltreatment, though both methods entail potential limitations such as underestimation and memory biases. The validity and utility of standard measures of childhood maltreatment requires clarification in order to inform the design of future studies investigating the mental health consequences of maltreatment. The present study assessed agreement between prospective informant-reports and retrospective self-reports of childhood maltreatment, as well as the comparative utility of both reports for predicting a range of psychiatric problems at age 18...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955065/non-suicidal-self-injury-among-children-with-hearing-loss-and-intellectual-disability
#12
Bushra Akram, Amina Tariq, Zeeshan Rafi
OBJECTIVE: To find the prevalence and to identify the predictors of non-suicidal self-injury among school-going children.. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Gujrat, Gujrat Pakistan, from September 2015 to October 2016, and comprised children with intellectual disability and hearing loss. Participants were recruited from schools for special children located in Gujranwala, Jhelum and Gujrat. Multistage stratified sampling technique was used...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937524/self-inflicted-laser-handheld-laser-induced-maculopathy-a-novel-ocular-manifestation-of-factitious-disorder
#13
Alessandro Rabiolo, Riccardo Sacconi, Chiara Giuffrè, Eleonora Corbelli, Adriano Carnevali, Lea Querques, David Sarraf, K Bailey Freund, SriniVas Sadda, Francesco Bandello, Giuseppe Querques
PURPOSE: To report a case of factitious self-inflicted handheld laser-induced maculopathy. METHODS: A 29-year-old man presented to our clinic complaining of a step-wise progressive loss of vision that abruptly began in his left eye but then became bilateral. He underwent comprehensive ocular examination, including visual acuity testing, biomicroscopic, dilated funduscopic examination, structural optical coherence tomography, en face structural optical coherence tomography, optical coherence tomography angiography, fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, and indocyanine green angiography...
September 19, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929996/why-are-psychotic-experiences-associated-with-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviours-a-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-potential-confounding-and-mediating-factors
#14
E Hielscher, J E DeVylder, S Saha, M Connell, J G Scott
Psychotic experiences (PEs), including hallucination- and delusion-like experiences, are robustly associated with self-injurious thoughts and behaviours (SITB) in the general population. However, it remains unclear as to why there is an association. The purpose of this systematic review was to elucidate the role of other factors that influence the association between PEs and SITB and, in doing so, highlight potential mechanisms underlying the relationship. A search of electronic international databases was undertaken, including PubMed, PsycINFO and EMBASE, and eligible studies were grouped according to seven confounder categories: sociodemographics, mental disorders, alcohol and substance use, environmental, psychological, intervention and family history/genetic factors...
September 20, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929615/what-activities-might-facilitate-personal-recovery-for-adults-who-continue-to-self-harm-a-meta-synthesis-employing-the-connectedness-hope-and-optimism-identity-meaning-empowerment-framework
#15
REVIEW
Kris Deering, Jo Williams
Self-harm is an international concern. While treatment in health care focusses on methods to reduce the act, there is less exploration in how to assist adults who are unable to minimize their self-harm. In order to aid these people, in the present systematic review, we employed a qualitative meta-synthesis to explore the lived experience of what activities might facilitate personal recovery for adults who continue to self-harm. Findings were interpreted by drawing on the CHIME framework; a taxonomy of personal recovery comprising of connectedness, hope and optimism, identity, meaning and purpose, and empowerment...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928071/a-behavioral-and-cognitive-neuroscience-perspective-on-impulsivity-suicide-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-meta-analysis-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#16
REVIEW
Richard T Liu, Zoë M Trout, Evelyn M Hernandez, Shayna M Cheek, Nimesha Gerlus
We conducted a meta-analysis of neurobehavioral and neurocognitive indices of impulsivity in relation to suicidal thoughts and behaviors, as well as non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). In our systematic review, 34 studies were identified and submitted to a random-effects meta-analysis. A small pooled effect size was observed for the association between behavioral impulsivity and NSSI (OR=1.34, p<0.05). A small-to-medium pooled effect size (OR=2.23, p<0.001) was found for the association between behavioral impulsivity and suicide attempts, and a medium-to-large pooled effect size was observed for this outcome in relation to cognitive impulsivity (OR=3...
September 18, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925016/wall-object-punching-an-important-but-under-recognized-form-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#17
Nathan A Kimbrel, Shaun P Thomas, Terrell A Hicks, Michael A Hertzberg, Carolina P Clancy, Eric B Elbogen, Eric C Meyer, Bryann B DeBeer, Georgina M Gross, Paul J Silvia, Sandra B Morissette, Kim L Gratz, Patrick S Calhoun, Jean C Beckham
The present research investigated wall/object punching as a form of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among 1,143 veterans seeking treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Wall/object punching was remarkably common in this sample (43%), and its inclusion in the definition of NSSI increased estimated prevalence of recent NSSI by 14%. As expected, wall/object punching was strongly associated with other traditional forms of NSSI, post-NSSI relief, and suicide ideation. Male veterans and veterans with PTSD were significantly more likely to engage in wall/object punching than female veterans and veterans without PTSD...
September 19, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924984/body-image-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-validation-of-the-body-investment-scale-in-participants-with-eating-disorders
#18
J H Marco, M Cañabate, J García-Alandete, G Llorca, M Real-López, M Beltrán, S Pérez
The Body Investment Scale (BIS) assesses body image feelings, body care, protection of the body, and comfort in touch, in order to identify and distinguish participants with self-harming and self-destructive tendencies. However, the psychometric properties of the BIS were not analysed in participants diagnosed with eating disorders. The main objective of the present study is to confirm the factor structure of the Spanish version of the BIS and analyse its psychometric properties in a sample composed of women diagnosed with eating disorders...
September 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924063/adolescent-and-young-adult-tattooing-piercing-and-scarification
#19
Cora C Breuner, David A Levine
Tattoos, piercing, and scarification are now commonplace among adolescents and young adults. This first clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics on voluntary body modification will review the methods used to perform the modifications. Complications resulting from body modification methods, although not common, are discussed to provide the pediatrician with management information. Body modification will be contrasted with nonsuicidal self-injury. When available, information also is presented on societal perceptions of body modification...
October 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922928/differential-reinforcement-of-low-rate-schedules-reduce-severe-problem-behavior
#20
Andrew C Bonner, John C Borrero
Differential-reinforcement-of-low-rate (DRL) schedules are reinforcement contingencies designed to reduce response rates. A common variation of the DRL arrangement is known as full-session DRL ( f-DRL), in which a reinforcer is presented at the end of an interval if the response rate during that interval is below a predetermined criterion. Prior human operant research involving arbitrary mouse clicks has shown that the f-DRL is likely to reduce target responding to near zero rates. Similarly, applied research has shown that the f-DRL is likely to reduce minimally disruptive classroom behavior...
September 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
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