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Sarah E Victor, Elisha David Klonsky
OBJECTIVE: Research investigating the social context of adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been limited. We therefore examined social characteristics of NSSI, such as knowledge of friends' NSSI and the role friends play in continuing NSSI, and their relationships to other known NSSI correlates, such as suicidality. METHOD: We assessed NSSI characteristics, including social features, in a community sample of 89 self-injuring adolescents. We also assessed psychosocial correlates of NSSI, including impulsivity, self-concept, and psychiatric symptoms...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Christopher Alan Lewis, Sarah Davis, Tamás Martos, Sára Imola Csuka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Martin A Monto, Nick McRee, Frank S Deryck
OBJECTIVES: To provide prevalence estimates of adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) based on large, representative, nonclinical samples of high-school students, and to explore gender differences in health risks associated with NSSI. METHODS: We used 2015 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System data to estimate the prevalence of self-injury and variables potentially associated with self-injury for high-school-age boys (n = 32 150) and girls (n = 32 521) in 11 US states...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Jill C Fodstad, Alexandra Kirsch, Micah Faidley, Nerissa Bauer
Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are at a high risk for engaging in self-injurious behavior (SIB). Prognosis is poor when SIB emerges early. Limited research exists on interventions teaching parents how to manage their young child's SIB. This investigation assessed the feasibility of adapting an applied behavior analytic parent training program with 11 parents of children 1-5 years of age with IDD and SIB. Quantitative and observational measures were used to assess outcomes; semi-structured interviews assessed caregiver satisfaction...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Elizabeth McCauley, Michele S Berk, Joan R Asarnow, Molly Adrian, Judith Cohen, Kathyrn Korslund, Claudia Avina, Jennifer Hughes, Melanie Harned, Robert Gallop, Marsha M Linehan
Importance: Suicide is a leading cause of death among 10- to 24-year-old individuals in the United States; evidence on effective treatment for adolescents who engage in suicidal and self-harm behaviors is limited. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) compared with individual and group supportive therapy (IGST) for reducing suicide attempts, nonsuicidal self-injury, and overall self-harm among high-risk youths. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized clinical trial was conducted from January 1, 2012, through August 31, 2014, at 4 academic medical centers...
June 20, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
Jiabao Pan, Bingjie Liu, Gary L Kreps
BACKGROUND: Depression is a mood disorder that may lead to severe outcomes including mental breakdown, self-injury, and suicide. Potential causes of depression include genetic, sociocultural, and individual-level factors. However, public understandings of depression guided by a complex interplay of media and other societal discourses might not be congruent with the scientific knowledge. Misunderstandings of depression can lead to under-treatment and stigmatization of depression. Against this backdrop, this study aims to achieve a holistic understanding of the patterns and dynamics in discourses about depression from various information sources in China by looking at related posts on social media...
June 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Kealagh Robinson, Jessica A Garisch, Tahlia Kingi, Madeleine Brocklesby, Angelique O'Connell, Robyn L Langlands, Lynne Russell, Marc S Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Ana Isabel Vieira, Bárbara C Machado, Célia S Moreira, Paulo P P Machado, Isabel Brandão, António Roma-Torres, Sónia Gonçalves
Evidence suggests several risk factors for both eating disorders (ED) and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), but the relationships between these factors are not well understood. Considering our previous work and a conceptual model, this cross-sectional study aimed to assess the relationships among distal and proximal factors for the presence of NSSI in ED. We assessed 245 ED patients with the Oxford Risk Factor Interview for ED. Structural equation modelling revealed that both distal and proximal factors were related to the presence of NSSI in ED, disclosing a mediating role of the proximal factors...
June 14, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Amy M Brausch, Sherry E Woods
BACKGROUND: The relationship between emotion regulation deficits and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is well established. Many studies have documented the strong relationship between NSSI and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The relationship between emotion regulation deficits and suicide is less understood, but recent studies indicate a moderate association. This study aimed to examine the relationship between emotion regulation deficits, NSSI behavior, and suicide ideation in an unselected community sample of adolescents...
June 14, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Austin J Gallyer, Sean P Dougherty, Anna R Gai, Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Megan L Rogers, Mary E Duffy, Jennifer M Buchman-Schmitt, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Firefighters are at increased risk for both problematic alcohol use and suicidality. Research has found that problematic alcohol use is related to suicidality among this population; however, limited data exist regarding what might account for this association. The present two-study investigation (1) examined the association between suicidality and problematic alcohol use among two large samples of firefighters and (2) tested whether interpersonal theory of suicide constructs-perceived burdensomeness (PB) and thwarted belongingness (TB)-serve as indirect indicators of this relationship...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Irene Caro-Cañizares, Mónica Díaz de Neira-Hernando, Bernadette Pfang, Enrique Baca-Garcia, Juan J Carballo
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors are self-injurious behaviors inflicted without intending death. Literature has shown the relationship between stressful life events (SLE) and NSSI behaviors. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire-Dysregulation Profile (SDQ-DP) is defined as an index of self-regulatory problems, related to higher risk for suicidal ideation and attempts in adolescents. In this study the relationship between SDQ-DP and NSSI behaviors, mediated by SLE in a clinical sample of children and adolescents is analyzed...
June 13, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Mary F Cwik, Summer Rosenstock, Lauren Tingey, Novalene Goklish, Francene Larzelere, Rosemarie Suttle, Emily Haroz, Kyle Hill, Mariddie Craig, Allison Barlow
Binge drinking appears to be a risk factor, facilitator, and method of suicidal and non-suicidal self-injury for some American Indian (AI) youth. We examined characteristics, patterns, and motivations for binge use among AI adolescents (N = 69; 10-19 years-old) who recently engaged in binge drinking. The majority used alcohol alone (53.7%) or a combination of alcohol and marijuana (31.3%) for their binge event. Gender differences emerged with boys more severely affected than girls. Forty-seven percent reported lifetime suicidal thoughts...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
Pamela K Keel, K Jean Forney, Jennifer M Buchman-Schmitt, Grace A Kennedy, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Given the negative consequences of excess weight, a large portion of the US population is seeking to obtain and maintain weight loss. Weight Suppression (WS) represents the difference between previous highest adult weight and current weight and may have negative psychological consequences. The current study examined the link between WS and lifetime non-suicidal self-injurious (NSSI) behavior and explored indirect effects in this link using survey data in two large samples...
June 2, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Rebecca C Brown, Stefanie Heines, Andreas Witt, Elmar Braehler, Joerg M Fegert, Daniela Harsch, Paul L Plener
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is an identified risk factor for Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI). The aim of the current study was to investigate effects of different types of maltreatment, and mediating effects of depression and anxiety on NSSI in the general population. METHODS: A representative sample of the German population, comprising N = 2498 participants (mean age = 48.4 years (SD = 18.2), 53.3% female) participated in this study. Child maltreatment was assessed using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ),NSSI was assessed with a question on lifetime engagement in NSSI, depressive symptoms were assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2) and anxiety symptoms by the General Anxiety Disorder questionnaire (GAD-2)...
June 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Marco Pozzi, Carla Carnovale, Gabriëlla G A M Peeters, Marta Gentili, Stefania Antoniazzi, Sonia Radice, Emilio Clementi, Maria Nobile
BACKGROUND: ADHD is frequently comorbid with anxiety and mood disorders, which may increase the severity of inattention and hyperactivity symptoms. Emotional symptoms (anxiety, irritability, mood lability) also affect patients without comorbidity or emerge as adverse drug events. The influence of ADHD drugs on emotional symptoms demands investigation to improve therapies. METHODS: Systematic review of trials reporting adverse events in patients pharmacologically treated for ADHD...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Karuna Mizusaki, Daniel Gih, Christina LaRosa, Rebekah Richmond, Renee D Rienecke
PURPOSE: To assess psychotropic use patterns and possible associations with age, eating disorder diagnosis and psychiatric comorbidity in adolescents and young adults with a primary eating disorder. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 86 consecutive patients with a primary eating disorder from August 2012 to December 2014 was conducted. Patients presented for a multidisciplinary evaluation at a United States-based academic program for eating disorders. RESULTS: Nearly half (45...
June 7, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
J C Riedl, A Gericke, J Engelmann, U Vossmerbaeumer
Self-injurious behavior (nonsuicidal self-injury, NNSI) is a common phenomenon and occurs in Germany, especially in adolescence, with a lifetime prevalence of 25-35%. In adulthood autoaggressive behavior is usually associated with mental illness, such as borderline personality disorder, as in the presented case. Eye injuries are rare. The treating physician is faced with the difficulty of correctly classifying the injury and clarifying suicidal intentions. Patient care requires a lot of patience, empathy and time and has to include psychosocial aspects...
June 7, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Claire O'Dwyer, Philip McCallion, Éilish Burke, Rachael Carroll, Máire O'Dwyer, Mary McCarron
A growing number of adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) are reaching old age, however, little is known about epidemiology of problem behaviours (PBs) in this population. The aim was to identify the prevalence and associated factors of PBs among older adults with ID in Ireland. Data was generated from Wave 2 of the Intellectual Disability Supplement to the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (IDS-TILDA), a nationally representative sample of adults with ID aged ≥40. Data on PBs was available for 683 (98...
June 5, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Mohammad Aleem Siddiqui, Daya Ram, Sanjay Kumar Munda, Shazia Veqar Siddiqui, Sujit Sarkhel
Introduction: There is growing awareness of the heterogeneity of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and of the multiple systems involved in its pathogenesis. Identification of obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders (OCSDs) may have important implications in the management and prognosis of OCD, but there is a paucity of research in the domain of identification of OCSD in probands with OCD. There are few studies that have examined OCSD in the first-degree relatives (FDR) of OCD patients, some of these were not controlled, and these studies have no final agreements over outcomes, and therefore, this area needs to be further explored...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Ipek Suzer Gamli, Aysegul Yolga Tahiroglu
Purpose: Individuals with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may suffer from emotional dysregulation (ED), although this symptom is not listed among the diagnostic criteria. Methylphenidate (MPH) is useful in reducing emotional symptoms in ADHD. The aim of the present study was to determine both psychosocial risk factors and presence of ED in adolescents with ADHD before and after MPH treatment. Participants and methods: Eighty-two patients aged 12-18 years with ADHD were included as participants...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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