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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231481/the-influence-of-personality-traits-and-emotional-and-behavioral-problems-on-repetitive-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-school-sample
#1
Janine Lüdtke, Benedict Weizenegger, Rachel Rauber, Brigitte Contin, Tina In-Albon, Marc Schmid
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is highly prevalent among adolescents and associated with various mental health problems and suicidality. Previous studies have found that certain personality traits are related to NSSI behavior, however only few studies examined personality traits in adolescents with NSSI. Our study aimed to assess the relationship between personality traits and emotional and behavioral problems in predicting repetitive NSSI among adolescents from a school sample...
February 14, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221666/applying-the-unified-protocol-transdiagnostic-treatment-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-co-occurring-emotional-disorders-a-case-illustration
#2
Kate H Bentley
This article presents the use of a transdiagnostic, emotion-focused treatment with a young woman with nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder. The patient also presented with subclinical depressive, posttraumatic stress, and eating disorder symptoms. The Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (Barlow et al., 2011), a cognitive-behavioral intervention designed to be applicable across anxiety, depressive, and related disorders with strong emotional components, was used to address the range of Laura's presenting concerns...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220358/potential-risk-factors-for-the-development-of-self-injurious-behavior-among-infants-at-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Adele F Dimian, Kelly N Botteron, Stephen R Dager, Jed T Elison, Annette M Estes, John R Pruett, Robert T Schultz, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Joseph Piven, Jason J Wolff
Prevalence of self-injurious behavior (SIB) is as high as 50% among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Identification of risk factors for the development of SIB is critical to early intervention and prevention. However, there is little empirical research utilizing a prospective design to identify early risk factors for SIB. The purpose of this study was to evaluate behavioral characteristics predicting SIB at age 2 years among 235 infants at high familial risk for ASD. Logistic regression results indicated that presence of SIB or proto-SIB and lower developmental functioning at age 12 months significantly predicted SIB at 24 months...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220084/interactive-family-dynamics-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-psychiatric-adolescent-patients-a-single-case-study
#4
Michela Gatta, Marina Miscioscia, Marta Sisti, Ilaria Comis, Pier Antonio Battistella
Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) is a common, multifaceted phenomenon among adolescents. Recent researchers have shown that a number of psychological and psychiatric correlates are implicated in the onset/repetition of NSSI, but those previous studies did not directly observe the family interaction patterns of this clinical population. In this paper, the quality of family interactions was observed using the Lausanne Trilogue Play procedure to deepen the specific interactive dimensions associated with NSSI in adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218927/hope-and-mental-health-in-young-adult-college-students-an-integrative-review
#5
Stephanie Griggs
One in five young adults are diagnosed with a mental illness and many experience psychological distress during their first year of college due to new pressures in academia. The purpose of the current integrative review was to describe and synthesize hope and mental health in young adults in college. PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched for articles published in peer-reviewed journals from 2011-2016. Twenty empirical works were selected for inclusion and five themes emerged: (a) Hope is Associated With Improved Coping, (b) Hope is Associated With Improved Well-Being, (c) Hope is a Moderator Between Depression and Negative Life Events, (d) Hope is a Protective Factor in Suicide, and (e) Hope is a Factor in Healthy Behavior Engagement...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#6
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211201/nonsuicidal-self-injury-is-predictive-of-suicide-attempts-among-individuals-with-mood-disorders
#7
Megan S Chesin, Hanga Galfavy, Cemile Ceren Sonmez, Amanda Wong, Maria A Oquendo, J John Mann, Barbara Stanley
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) prior to age 18 was evaluated as a risk factor for adulthood suicide attempt (SA). Archival data from 222 mood-disordered participants were analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis. Participants with a youth SA were excluded. The hazards of SA among adult participants with a history of youth NSSI were twice than those of mood-disordered participants without youth NSSI (hazard ratio = 2.00, 95% confidence interval = 1.16-3.44, p = .01). Moreover, participants who had both youth and adult NSSI attempted suicide significantly earlier than participants who began NSSI as an adult...
February 17, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202252/what-worries-parents-of-a-child-with-autism-evidence-from-a-biomarker-for-chronic-stress
#8
Vicki Bitsika, Christopher F Sharpley, Nicholas M Andronicos, Linda L Agnew
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported correlations between various aspects of the behaviour and symptomatology of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and their parents' self-reports of stress via standardised scales. AIMS: To extend that literature, a physiological index of parental chronic stress was used instead of their self-reports-dysregulation of the Diurnal Rhythm (DR) of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis. METHODS: A sample of 149 parents of a child with ASD provided salivary cortisol at the predicted time of daily maximum cortisol concentration and at a time of daily lower concentration...
February 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199949/self-injury-in-young-people-and-the-help-negation-effect
#9
Mareka Frost, Leanne M Casey, John G O'Gorman
This study examined the relationship between self-injurious behavior and intentions to seek help from professionals, family and friends, technology based support and from no-one. Participants were 679 young people aged 14-25 years drawn from a larger internet survey (N =1463) on the basis of their reported self-injury. A help-negation effect was found only in relation to intentions to seek help from family and friends. That is, a higher extent or severity of self-injury was independently associated with lower intentions to seek help from family and friends...
December 19, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196773/the-link-between-dissociation-and-both-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-meta-analyses
#10
REVIEW
Raffaella Calati, Ismaïl Bensassi, Philippe Courtet
Dissociative disorders (DD) are frequently associated with suicidal behaviors. We performed the first meta-analysis of studies comparing rates of suicide attempts (SA) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in psychiatric individuals with and without DD. We included: 1) studies comparing SA and NSSI rates in psychiatric individuals with and without DD; 2) studies comparing Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) scores in both SA and NSSI psychiatric patients versus non SA and non NSSI ones. Cochrane Collaboration Review Manager Software and STROBE statement were used...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193582/longitudinal-development-of-pain-sensitivity-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury
#11
Julian Koenig, Lena Rinnewitz, Maren Niederbäumer, Tabea Strozyk, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is associated with reduced pain sensitivity (PS). Existing theories posit that altered PS is a risk factor for NSSI. Cross-sectional data suggest that PS normalizes in those terminating self-injury. However, previously no study addressed the longitudinal course of PS in patients engaging in NSSI. We addressed changes in PS and clinical symptomatology in adolescents with NSSI (n = 18) and matched controls (n = 19) over one year. Despite significant clinical improvements, PS did not change in the NSSI group but decreased in controls...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183785/should-healthcare-professionals-sometimes-allow-harm-the-case-of-self-injury
#12
Patrick J Sullivan
This paper considers the ethical justification for the use of harm minimisation approaches with individuals who self-injure. While the general issues concerning harm minimisation have been widely debated, there has been only limited consideration of the ethical issues raised by allowing people to continue injuring themselves as part of an agreed therapeutic programme. I will argue that harm minimisation should be supported on the basis that it results in an overall reduction in harm when compared with more traditional ways of dealing with self-injurious behaviour...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183784/balancing-costs-and-benefits-a-clinical-perspective-does-not-support-a-harm-minimisation-approach-for-self-injury-outside-of-community-settings
#13
Hanna Pickard, Steve Pearce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181957/use-of-nalmefene-in-patients-with-comorbid-borderline-personality-disorder-and-alcohol-use-disorder-a-preliminary-report
#14
Ana Martín-Blanco, Barbara Patrizi, Joaquim Soler, Xero Gasol, Matilde Elices, Miquel Gasol, Cristina Carmona, Juan C Pascual
Comorbidity between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) is high and relevant as alcohol consumption seems to worsen BPD symptomatology. One of the newest treatments for AUD, nalmefene, may be useful to improve BPD symptoms not only indirectly by reducing alcohol consumption but also directly by acting on the opioid system as this system has been related to specific BPD symptoms. This open-label study aimed at evaluating the efficacy of an 8-week nalmefene treatment in reducing alcohol consumption in individuals with BPD and comorbid AUD...
February 8, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165275/strong-schools-against-suicidality-and-self-injury-evaluation-of-a-workshop-for-school-staff
#15
Rebecca Groschwitz, Lara Munz, Joana Straub, Isabelle Bohnacker, Paul L Plener
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidality are common among adolescents. School staff are often the first adults to be confronted with those behaviors. However, previous studies have shown a lack of knowledge and confidence in dealing with self-harming behaviors. Objectives of this study were to evaluate a workshop on NSSI and suicidality in adolescence for teachers, school social workers and school psychologists. In total, N = 267 school staff participated in 1 of 16 two-day workshops, which were offered in different cities in southern Germany...
February 6, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160318/the-relationship-between-nonsuicidal-self-injury-age-of-onset-and-severity-of-self-harm
#16
Brooke A Ammerman, Ross Jacobucci, Evan M Kleiman, Lauren L Uyeji, Michael S McCloskey
This study examined how age of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) onset relates to NSSI severity and suicidality using decision tree analyses (nonparametric regression models that recursively partition predictor variables to create groupings). Those with an earlier age of NSSI onset reported greater NSSI frequency, NSSI methods, and NSSI-related hospital visits. No significant splits were found for suicide ideation or attempts, although those with an earlier onset were more likely to have a suicide plan. Overall, findings suggest that onset of NSSI before age 12 is associated with more severe NSSI and may be a crucial age for prevention efforts...
February 3, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159144/treatment-of-trauma-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-transgender-adults
#17
REVIEW
Lore M Dickey, Anneliese A Singh, Daniel Walinsky
This article explores the presence of trauma and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSI) in transgender people. We explore the prevalence of trauma and NSI in transgender people, the ways in which these clinical concerns manifest across the lifespan, and special considerations for assessment and treatment. The article concludes by describing the importance of developing a strong rapport with clients and the concept of reasonably well-controlled cooccurring mental health concerns.
March 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152466/aggressive-behavior-and-self-harm-in-borderline-personality-disorder-the-role-of-impulsivity-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-a-sample-of-outpatients
#18
Laura Terzi, Francesca Martino, Domenico Berardi, Biancamaria Bortolotti, Anna Sasdelli, Marco Menchetti
Impulsivity has often been related to aggressive and self-mutilative behavior in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Many authors focused on the key role of emotion dysregulation in explaining vulnerability to dysfunctional behavior in BPD in addition to trait impulsivity. Furthermore, recent works have shed light on a gap in empirical research concerning the specific mechanisms by which a lack of affective regulation produces aggression proneness. The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of impulsivity and emotion dysregulation in determining vulnerability to aggression and deliberate self-harm in a sample of BPD outpatients...
January 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152395/a-longitudinal-investigation-of-the-relation-between-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-spirituality-religiosity
#19
Marie Good, Chloe Hamza, Teena Willoughby
Despite increased research on factors that predict engagement in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), one factor that has been neglected is spirituality/religiosity. While some researchers suggest that spiritual/religious beliefs and practice may protect against aversive mental health outcomes, it also is possible that certain aspects of spirituality/religiosity - specifically doubt and questioning - may be distressing. In this study, we examined whether multiple dimensions of spirituality/religiosity, including the often-overlooked experience of doubt/questioning, were associated with engagement in NSSI among university students over time...
January 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152333/experiences-of-self-injury-and-aggression-among-women-admitted-to-forensic-psychiatric-care
#20
Heidi Selenius, Susanne Strand
BACKGROUND: Self-injury and institutional violence are well-known characteristics of female forensic psychiatric patients, but research on patients' experiences of these behaviours is limited. AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate how female forensic psychiatric patients describe their self-injury and aggression. METHODS: The authors performed qualitative in-depth interviews with 13 female forensic psychiatric inpatients. The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis...
February 2, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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