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M Dong, S B Wang, F Wang, L Zhang, G S Ungvari, C H Ng, X Meng, Z Yuan, G Wang, Y T Xiang
AIMS: Suicide-related behaviours are common in schizophrenia and are significantly associated with premature death. The objective of this meta-analysis study was to estimate the pooled prevalence of suicide-related behaviours in schizophrenia patients in China. METHODS: The relevant literature was searched systematically via the relevant electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Databases and Chinese Biological Medical Literature Database) from their inception until 14 September 2016...
September 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
David C Sheridan, Amber Lin, B Zane Horowitz
OBJECTIVE: Bupropion is often categorized as a newer generation antidepressant and assessed with serotonin reuptake inhibitors as a lower risk than older tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs). The objective of this study was to compare outcomes in adolescent suicide from ingestions between bupropion and TCA medications. STUDY DESIGN: An analysis of the National Poison Data System for exposures coded "suspected suicide" in adolescents (age: 13-19) was undertaken for the years 2013-2016 and included TCAs or bupropion...
September 25, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
Georg Riemann, Nadine Weisscher, Robert M Post, Lori Altshuler, Susan McElroy, Marc A Frye, Paul E Keck, Gabriele S Leverich, Trisha Suppes, Heinz Grunze, Willem A Nolen, Ralph W Kupka
BACKGROUND: Although bipolar disorder (BD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) share clinical characteristics and frequently co-occur, their interrelationship is controversial. Especially, the differentiation of rapid cycling BD and BPD can be troublesome. This study investigates the relationship between borderline personality features (BPF) and prospective illness course in patients with BD, and explores the effects of current mood state on self-reported BPF profiles. METHODS: The study included 375 patients who participated in the former Stanley Foundation Bipolar Network...
September 25, 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
Amol Dhopte, Rahul Bamal, Vinay Kumar Tiwari
BACKGROUND: None of the available mortality predicting models in pediatric burns precisely predicts outcomes in every population. Mortality rates as well as their risk factors vary with regions and among different centers within the regions. The aim of this study was to identify socio-demographic and clinical risk factors for mortality in pediatric burns in an effort to decrease the mortality in these patients. METHODS: A prospective analytical study was conducted in patients up to the age of 18 years admitted for burn injuries in a tertiary care burn center in India from January to December 2014...
2017: Burns and trauma
Kyle R Caler, Jose Ricardo Vargas Garcia, Lia Nower
A few studies have examined gambling behavior and problem gambling among minorities and reported higher rates of both participation and gambling problems among particular minority groups in comparison to Whites who gamble. The present study utilized a representative, epidemiological sample of adults in New Jersey to explore gambling behavior, gambling problem severity, substance use, problem behavior, and mental health issues among minorities. Univariate analyses were conducted, comparing Whites (n = 1341) to respondents who identified as Hispanic (n = 394), Black (n = 261), or Asian/other (n = 177)...
2017: Asian journal of gambling issues and public health
Megan L Rogers, Fallon B Ringer, Matthew S Michaels, Bruno Chiurliza, Christopher R Hagan, Carol Chu, Matthew E Schneider, Ingrid C Lim, Thomas E Joiner
Little research has focused on suicide-related symptoms in female servicemembers, despite high rates of suicidal behaviors. This study examined sex differences in suicide-related risk factors in 3,374 U.S. Army Recruiters (91.9% male). Female servicemembers had a greater number of past major depressive and suicidal ideation episodes than males; there were no differences in suicide attempt histories or mental health visits. Females reported significantly fewer symptoms of current suicidal ideation, perceived burdensomeness, and acquired capability...
2017: Military Behavioral Health
Ashwin Jacob Mathai, Christopher A Lowry, Thomas B Cook, Lisa A Brenner, Lena Brundin, Maureen W Groer, Xiaoqing Peng, Ina Giegling, Annette M Hartmann, Bettina Konte, Marion Friedl, Dietmar Fuchs, Dan Rujescu, Teodor T Postolache
We previously reported that trait aggression, proposed as an endophenotype for suicidal behavior, is positively associated with Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) seropositivity in females, but not in males. Additionally, older males seropositive for T. gondii had lower scores on measures of trait aggression, including self-aggression. Trait aggression may be influenced by dopaminergic signaling, which is known to be moderated by gender and age, and potentially enhanced in T. gondii positives through the intrinsic production of dopamine by the microorganism...
December 2016: Pteridines
Carol Chu, Kimberly A Van Orden, Jessica D Ribeiro, Thomas E Joiner
Clinicians are often tasked with identifying and managing patients who are at risk for suicide. Therefore, greater understanding of factors that impact the efficacy of suicide risk assessments (SRA) are of critical importance. One potential factor that may affect assessments of risk severity is the timing of the evaluation during clinical interview. Given that some patients are reluctant to disclose suicide-related symptoms, it is possible that asking about suicide at the beginning of an interview elicits more false negatives...
April 2017: Professional Psychology, Research and Practice
Fernanda Pedrotti Moreira, Cristiane Jackson Borges, Carolina David Wiener, Paula Moraes da Silva, Luis Valmor Portela, Diogo R Lara, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Karen Jansen, Jean Pierre Oses
Major depressive disorders (MDD) and suicide are significant public health concerns. Recent studies have been demonstrated that alterations in Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) can be associated with this psychiatric disorders, MDD and suicide. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate differences in serum levels in individuals with MDD and with or without suicide attempt (SA), from a population-based sample. This was a paired cross-sectional study nested in a population-based study. The psychopathology screen was performed with the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
September 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
Franco De Crescenzo, Giulia Serra, Francesco Maisto, Mai Uchida, Hilary Woodworth, Maria Pia Casini, Ross J Baldessarini, Stefano Vicari
OBJECTIVE: Suicide attempts are prevalent in association with major mood disorders, and risk is greater with bipolar disorder (BD) than major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults. There may be similar relationships in juvenile mood disorders, but the evidence has not been compiled systematically and quantitatively. METHOD: We searched for reports of studies comparing rates of suicide attempts in children or adolescents diagnosed with BD or MDD, and applied random-effects meta-analysis...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
M J Spittal, S Forsyth, R Borschmann, J T Young, S A Kinner
AIM: People released from prison are at higher risk of mortality from potentially preventable causes than their peers in the general population. Because most studies of this phenomenon are reliant on registry data, there is little health and behavioural information available on those at risk, hampering the development of targeted, evidence-based preventive responses. Our aim was to identify modifiable risk and protective factors for external cause and cause-specific mortality after release from prison...
September 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Laurin Kasehagen, Laurel Omland, Melissa Bailey, Charlie Biss, Breena Holmes, Patsy Tassler Kelso
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with a range of health outcomes and risk behaviors. In 2011-2012, the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) included questions about adverse family experiences (AFEs). AFE survey questions are similar to ACE questions, except there are no questions about emotional/physical/sexual trauma, and questions are asked of parents rather than children. Although the relationship between ACEs and work/school absenteeism has been studied, the relationships between AFEs of school-aged children, school performance, and buffering behaviors have not been explored in depth...
September 23, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Franziska Huff, Christine Muth, Christian Naumer, Friedhelm Meinhardt
Restriction modification systems (R-M systems), consisting of a restriction endonuclease and a cognate methyltransferase, constitute an effective means of a cell to protect itself from foreign DNA. Identification, characterization, and deletion of the restriction modification system BliMSI, a putative isoschizomer of ClaI from Caryophanon latum, were performed in the wild isolate Bacillus licheniformis MS1. BliMSI was produced as recombinant protein in Escherichia coli, purified, and in vitro analysis demonstrated identical restriction endonuclease activity as for ClaI...
September 23, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Linnea Thorlacis, Arnon D Cohen, Gunnar H Gislason, Gregor B E Jemec, Alexander Egeberg
Patients with skin disorders are considered at a higher risk of depression and anxiety than the background population. Patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) may be particularly affected. We explored the association between HS and depression, anxiety, and completed suicides in the Danish national registries expanding to include data on suicidal behavior, using both a cross-sectional and a cohort study design. Both designs included 7,732 patients with HS and a background population of 4,354,137. The cohort study revealed that HS-patients had an increased risk of completed suicide after adjustment for confounding factors (11/7,732 vs...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Mina Farag, Dominika Badowski, Ronald Koschny, Gisela Skopp, Andreas Brcic, Gabor B Szabo
INTRODUCTION: Yew plants are evergreen shrubs which are widely spread throughout the northern hemisphere. Taxane alkaloid derivatives, mainly taxine B, represent the main toxins of Taxus baccata and are highly cardiotoxic. Due to the lack of randomized clinical trials, case reports on accidental or suicidal yew intoxications build the only source of knowledge of clinical treatment options. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a suicidal yew ingestion admitted to our hospital under prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation due to pulseless electrical activity...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Philppe Courtet, Jorge Lopez-Castroman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
Akiko Mizuta, Eisaku Okada, Mieko Nakamura, Hisayoshi Yamaguchi, Toshiyuki Ojima
AIM: To examine the association between the types of involvement in bullying and the time perspective among Japanese adolescents. METHODS: A questionnaire was conducted among Japanese junior high school students at eight public schools that were located in two cities in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Shirai's Experiential Time Perspective Scale was used, which comprises four subscales: goal-directedness, hopefulness, self-fulfillment, and acceptance of the past. An analysis of covariance was applied, with the time-perspective subscales as the objective variable, type of involvement in bullying as a fixed factor, and grade, family structure, and economic status as the covariates...
September 20, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
Sidra Goldman-Mellor, Kristina Allen, Mark S Kaplan
Adolescent suicide rates exhibit stark geographic disparities, with rates highest in rural areas. The causes of this disparity remain unclear. We investigated whether adolescent nonfatal suicidal ideation and attempt-leading risk factors for suicide-demonstrate the same rural/urban disparity. Using adolescent data from the 2011-2014 waves of the population-representative California Health Interview Survey (CHIS; N = 4,616), we estimated associations between residence in a rural area and suicidal ideation and suicide attempt, as well as access to psychological care...
September 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Kelly C Cukrowicz, Sarah L Brown, Sean M Mitchell, Jared F Roush, Jameson K Hirsch
Suicide in rural areas has not received significant attention in the research literature to this point, although suicide rates are higher among adults and older adults in rural areas than in urban areas. The aims of the study were as follows: (1) establish the feasibility of assessing suicide ideation and history of suicidal behavior; (2) determine preliminary estimates of the prevalence of suicide ideation, and history of suicide attempts; and (3) examine the effectiveness and acceptability of safety and referral plans for individuals whose responses indicated elevated suicide risk, in rural communities with limited access to referral care...
September 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Zuzanna Brożek-Mucha, Krzysztof Zdeb
Evidence materials in a presumed suicide case were studied by a firearm examiner and a forensic chemist. The victim's body with double gunshot wounding in his forehead, a machine gun in the sustained fire mode with a silencer, and four cartridge cases were found. Examinations of the evidence, the case file studies, and experiments dedicated to the case were carried out. Relationships between the placement of cartridge cases and the gun were established using a fast camera. The distributions of gunshot residues on the evidence materials and within the comparative gunshot patterns were studied by means of optical and electron microscopy, X-ray microanalysis, and infrared spectroscopy...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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