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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932271/deactivation-of-left-ventricular-assist-devices-differing-perspectives-of-cardiology-and-hospice-palliative-medicine-clinicians
#1
Colleen K McIlvennan, Sara E Wordingham, Larry A Allen, Daniel D Matlock, Jacqueline Jones, Shannon M Dunlay, Keith M Swetz
BACKGROUND: Beliefs around deactivation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) vary substantially between clinicians, institutions, and patients. Therefore, we sought to understand perspectives regarding LVAD deactivation among cardiology and hospice/palliative medicine (HPM) clinicians. METHODS AND RESULTS: We administered a 41-item survey via electronic mail to members of 3 cardiology and 1 HPM professional societies. A convergent parallel mixed methods design was used...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932146/organ-donation-after-euthanasia-in-the-netherlands-a-case-report
#2
A K S van Wijngaarden, D J van Westerloo, J Ringers
In 2014, there was still a shortage of available organs for transplantation, and 1044 patients were waiting for an organ in the Netherlands. Maximizing the pool of organ donors is part of the solution. In 2001, the Dutch Termination of Life on Request and Assisted Suicide Act was adopted, legalizing euthanasia under strict conditions. In 2010, 3136 reports were made of euthanasia and assisted suicide; in 2014, 5306 reports were made. Among them were patients with a desire to donate their organs after their deaths...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931897/is-suicide-reporting-in-indian-newspapers-responsible-a-study-from-rajasthan
#3
Nikhil Jain, Sunil Kumar
PURPOSE: Media reporting has consistently been shown to influence suicidal behaviour. Irresponsible reporting by the media can lead to imitative suicidal behaviour. The WHO has delineated guidelines for responsible media reporting of suicide. The study aims to examine whether Indian newspapers adhere to the WHO guidelines and whether there are differences in style of reporting between local and national newspapers and between English and Hindi newspapers. METHODS: The study was conducted on ten newspaper publications that were circulated in Jaipur, India from 1st October 2014 to 31st December 2014...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931880/predictive-diagnosis-of-major-depression-using-nmr-based-metabolomics-and-least-squares-support-vector-machine
#4
Hong Zheng, Peng Zheng, Liangcai Zhao, Jianmin Jia, Shengli Tang, Pengtao Xu, Peng Xie, Hongchang Gao
BACKGROUND: Major depressive (MD) disorder is a serious psychiatric disorder that can result in suicidal behavior if not treated. The MD diagnosis using a standardized instrument instead of a structured interview will be advantageous for treatment and management of the MD, but so far no such technique exists. We developed an integrated analytical method of NMR-based metabolomics and least squares-support vector machine (LS-SVM) for predictive diagnosis of the MD. METHODS: The metabolite profiles in clinical plasma samples obtained from 72 depressive patients and 54 healthy subjects were analyzed by NMR spectroscopy...
December 5, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931108/caustic-esophageal-injury-by-impaction-of-cell-batteries
#5
Francisco José García Fernández, Rafael León Montañés, Juan Manuel Bozada Garcia
The ingestion of cell batteries can cause serious complications (fistula, perforation or stenosis) at the esophageal level. The damage starts soon after ingestion (approximately 2 hours) and is directly related to the amount of time the battery is lodged in said location, the amount of electrical charge remaining in the battery, and the size of the battery itself. Injury is produced by the combination of electrochemical and chemical mechanisms and pressure necrosis. The ingestion of multiple cells and a size > = 20 mm are related with more severe and clinically significant outcomes...
December 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930966/nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-interpersonal-violence-in-u-s-veterans-seeking-help-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#6
Patrick S Calhoun, Elizabeth E Van Voorhees, Eric B Elbogen, Eric A Dedert, Carolina P Clancy, Lauren P Hair, Michael Hertzberg, Jean C Beckham, Nathan A Kimbrel
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been defined as deliberately damaging one's body tissue without conscious suicidal intent. NSSI is a robust predictor of suicidal ideation and attempts in adults. While NSSI has been associated with other-directed violence in adolescent populations, the link between NSSI and interpersonal violence in adults is less clear. The current study examined the cross-sectional relationship between NSSI and past-year interpersonal violence among 729 help-seeking veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
November 27, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930964/differences-in-psychiatric-symptoms-and-barriers-to-mental-health-care-between-volunteer-and-career-firefighters
#7
Ian H Stanley, Joseph W Boffa, Melanie A Hom, Nathan A Kimbrel, Thomas E Joiner
Firefighters are at increased risk for mental health problems. However, little is known about differences in psychiatric symptoms between volunteer and career firefighters. This study aimed to (1) describe differences in psychiatric symptoms and barriers to mental health care between U.S. firefighters in volunteer-only and career-only departments; and (2) determine if greater self-reported structural barriers to mental health care (e.g., cost, availability of resources) explain the differences in psychiatric symptom levels...
November 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930912/poor-sleep-quality-antepartum-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-among-pregnant-women
#8
Bizu Gelaye, Gifty Addae, Beemnet Neway, Gloria T Larrabure-Torrealva, Chunfang Qiu, Lee Stoner, Miguel Angel Luque Fernandez, Sixto E Sanchez, Michelle A Williams
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the independent and combined associations of maternal self-reported poor sleep quality and antepartum depression with suicidal ideation during the third trimester METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1298 pregnant women (between 24 and 28 gestational weeks) attending prenatal clinics in Lima, Peru. Antepartum depression and suicidal ideation were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire was used to assess sleep quality...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930824/a-rare-case-of-poisoning-with-a-volatile-substance-quantitative-determination-of-n-butane-in-postmortem-tissue
#9
Jean Hiquet, Emilie Christin, Florence Tovagliaro, Jean-Michel Gaulier, Veronique Dumestre-Toulet, Sophie Gromb-Monnoyeur
Poisoning with volatile substances remains exceptional. Authors report the case of a married couple who were found in a car with a butane gas bottle: the woman was dead and her husband alleged it was an unsuccessful suicide pact. A specific research of volatile substances on postmortem samples with headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry following a quantitative determination was performed. The n-butane concentrations detected were composed of 610 μg/L (cardiac blood), 50 μg/kg (brain), 134 μg/kg (lungs), 285 μg/kg (liver), and 4090 μg/kg (heart) and were compatible with the rare lethal concentrations evoked in the literature...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929696/development-of-instructional-competencies-for-assessing-and-managing-suicide-risk-for-baccalaureate-nursing-education-a-modified-delphi-study
#10
Abigail Kotowski, Carol Roye
Suicide is a major health problem and a leading cause of death throughout the world. A primary goal for suicide prevention is reforming health professional education in order to increase the competence of health professionals in assessing and managing suicide risk. Nursing leadership is involved in this reform, yet nurses frequently lack the competence to care for patients in suicidal crisis. An identified gap in baccalaureate nursing education is instructional competencies for assessing and managing suicide risk...
December 8, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929687/meaning-in-life-and-meaning-of-life-in-mental-health-care-an-integrative-literature-review
#11
Xanthe Glaw, Ashley Kable, Michael Hazelton, Kerry Inder
The aim of this integrative literature review was to identify high quality empirical research and theoretical literature on the sources of meaning in life and people's beliefs regarding the meaning of life. This will inform current mental health clinical practice and research by providing a synthesis of empirical and theoretical literature. Failure to address meaninglessness or the existential crisis can lead to psychopathologies such as depression, anxiety, addiction, aggression, hopelessness, apathy, lower levels of well-being, physical illness, and suicide...
December 8, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929610/antisuicidal-response-following-ketamine-infusion-is-associated-with-decreased-nighttime-wakefulness-in-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder
#12
Jennifer L Vande Voort, Elizabeth D Ballard, David A Luckenbaugh, Rebecca A Bernert, Erica M Richards, Mark J Niciu, Lawrence T Park, Rodrigo Machado-Vieira, Wallace C Duncan, Carlos A Zarate
OBJECTIVE: Insomnia and disrupted sleep are associated with increased risk of suicide. The N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist ketamine has been associated with reduced suicidal thoughts, but the mechanism of action is unknown. This study sought to evaluate differences in nocturnal wakefulness in depressed individuals who did and did not have an antisuicidal response to ketamine. METHODS: Thirty-four participants with baseline suicidal ideation diagnosed with either DSM-IV major depressive disorder (n = 23) or bipolar depression (n = 11) between 2006 and 2013 completed nighttime electroencephalography (EEG) the night before and the night after a single ketamine infusion (0...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928982/hospitals-soft-target-for-terrorism
#13
Harald De Cauwer, Francis Somville, Marc Sabbe, Luc J Mortelmans
In recent years, the world has been rocked repeatedly by terrorist attacks. Arguably, the most remarkable were: the series of four coordinated suicide plane attacks on September 11, 2001 on buildings in New York, Virginia, and Pennsylvania, USA; and the recent series of two coordinated attacks in Brussels (Belgium), on March 22, 2016, involving two bombings at the departure hall of Brussels International Airport and a bombing at Maalbeek Metro Station located near the European Commission headquarters in the center of Brussels...
December 8, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928972/a-meta-analysis-of-acute-use-of-alcohol-and-the-risk-of-suicide-attempt
#14
G Borges, C L Bagge, C J Cherpitel, K R Conner, R Orozco, I Rossow
BACKGROUND: No review has used a meta-analytic approach to estimate common odds ratios (ORs) for the effect of acute use of alcohol (AUA) on suicide attempts. We aim to report the results of the first meta-analysis of controlled epidemiological studies on AUA and suicide attempt. METHOD: The English-language literature on Medline, PsycINFO and Google Scholar was searched for original articles and critical review on AUA and suicide attempt (period 1996-2015). Studies had to report an OR estimate for this association...
December 8, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928871/commemoration-of-john-terry-maltsberger-1934-2016
#15
Elsa Ronningstam, Mark Goldblatt, Mark Schechter, Benjamin Herbstman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928716/the-physician-at-risk-disruptive-behaviour-burnout-addiction-and-suicide
#16
EDITORIAL
Hilary P Grocott, Gregory L Bryson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928250/correlates-of-process-of-suicide-attempt-and-perception-of-its-prevention
#17
Dushad Ram, Darshan Mahegowda, Basavana Gowdappa H
Objective: Suicide attempt may follow a process right from the inception of the first information about ‎suicide until the act itself. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between ‎perception of suicide prevention with the process of suicide attempt and demographic ‎variables following a suicidal attempt.‎ Method: In this hospital based cross-sectional study, 168 consecutive admitted participants with a ‎suicide attempt were screened, and 109 who met the study criteria were recruited to ‎participate in this study before discharge...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927690/impact-of-gun-law-reforms-on-rates-of-homicide-suicide-and-mass-shootings-in-australia
#18
Penelope Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927645/maternal-deaths-from-suicide-must-be-tackled-say-experts
#19
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927631/acute-coronary-syndrome-and-suicide-a-case-referent-study
#20
Chao-Han Liu, Ming-Kung Yeh, Ji-Hung Wang, Shu-Chuan Weng, Meng-Yi Bai, Jung-Chen Chang
BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) represents a significant burden on healthcare resources. A robust association exists between depression and increased morbidity and mortality after ACS. This study examined the relationship between suicide and ACS after adjusting for depression and other comorbidities. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this case-referent study conducted in Taiwan, the cases were people aged 35 years or older who died from suicide between 2000 and 2012 and 4 live referents, each matched by age, sex, and area of residence...
December 7, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
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