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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351714/-prevalence-and-phenomenology-of-psychotic-like-symptoms-in-borderline-personality-disorders-associations-with-suicide-attempts-and-use-of-psychiatric-inpatient-treatment
#1
Katrin Schroeder, Anja Schätzle, Pauline Kowohl, Lisa Leske, Christian G Huber, Ingo Schäfer
BACKGROUND: Psychotic-like symptoms are found in a subgroup of borderline patients (BPD). Reported prevalence is heterogeneous (up to 50% affected). Investigations in Germany have not been conducted so far. Furthermore, the precise phenomenology of the psychotic symptoms and the effects on suicidal behavior and the use of inpatient psychiatric treatment are unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate prevalence rates and phenomenology of psychotic-like symptoms...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351110/low-cholesterol-impulsivity-and-violence-revisited
#2
Katrin Tomson-Johanson, Jaanus Harro
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the recent findings on the association of cholesterol levels with impulsivity and violence. RECENT FINDINGS: Several authors have recently highlighted the importance of confounding factors that mask the association between cholesterol and impulsivity or violent behaviour. In particular, demographic factors and presence of psychiatric disorders can play a role in the discrepancies present in literature. Men seem to be more sensitive to low cholesterol levels as the association between low cholesterol levels and aggression is found mostly in men...
January 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350673/glyphosate-ingestion-causing-multiple-organ-failure-a-near-fatal-case-report
#3
Edoardo Picetti, Michela Generali, Francesca Mensi, Giampaolo Neri, Roberta Damia, Giuseppe Lippi, Gianfranco Cervellin
A 55 years old man self-presented to our Emergency Department (ED) reporting an attempted suicide by cutting the left forearm veins and ingesting approximately 200 mL of an herbicide (Myrtos®, containing 36% of glyphosate as isopropylamine salt). Laboratory tests showed metabolic acidosis. Hydration with normal saline and alkalinization with sodium bicarbonate was started according to suggestion of the poison control center, since an antidote was unavailable. Cardiorespiratory condition gradually worsened, so that non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) was applied and infusion of fluids was established...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350128/between-a-rock-a-bye-and-a-hard-place-mood-disorders-during-the-peripartum-period
#4
Michael Thomson, Verinder Sharma
Mood disorders including major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder are common during and after pregnancy. Timely identification and appropriate management of mood episodes is essential to maximize maternal well-being and minimize adverse outcomes. Failure to do so results in maternal suffering and impaired child bonding, and has the potential for devastating outcomes including suicide and infanticide. Women are routinely screened for unipolar depression during or after pregnancy but not for bipolar disorder, in spite of the fact that childbirth is associated with a major risk for onset or exacerbation of bipolar disorder...
December 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349806/blue-monday-is-real-for-suicide-a-case-control-study-of-188-601-suicides
#5
Eunkyong Kim, Seo-Eun Cho, Kyoung-Sae Na, Han-Yong Jung, Kang-Joon Lee, Seong-Jin Cho, Dae-Guen Han
Many studies have reported that suicides tend to occur on Mondays. However, owing to a lack of controls, conclusive findings on the potential effects of a day of the week on suicides have been lacking. We analyzed public data for causes of death from 1997 to 2015 in the Republic of Korea. Accidental death was used as a control group. The probability of suicide on each day of the week according to age group was calculated. A total of 377,204 deaths (188,601 suicides and 188,603 accidental deaths) were used. The frequency of suicide was highest on Monday and decreased throughout the week until Saturday...
January 19, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349236/the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-suicidal-behaviours-ideation-plan-and-attempt-among-adolescents-in-senior-high-schools-in-ghana
#6
Kwaku Oppong Asante, Nuworza Kugbey, Joseph Osafo, Emmanuel Nii-Boye Quarshie, Jacob Owusu Sarfo
Suicide is recognised as the third leading cause of death among adolescents globally. There is however limited data on the prevalence and factors associated with suicide particularly in Ghana. To explore the prevalence and risk and protective factors associated with suicide in Ghana, a nationwide Global School-based Student Health Survey data collected among senior high school adolescents in Ghana was used. The prevalence of suicidal behaviours was 18.2%, 22.5% and 22.2% for suicidal ideation, suicidal plan and suicidal attempt respectively...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349216/family-of-origin-and-educational-inequalities-in-mortality-results-from-1-7-million-swedish-siblings
#7
Laust H Mortensen, Jenny Torssander
Circumstances in the family of origin have short- and long-term consequences for people's health. Family background also influences educational achievements - achievements that are clearly linked to various health outcomes. Utilizing population register data, we compared Swedish siblings with different levels of education (1,732,119 individuals within 662,095 sibships) born between 1934 and 1959 and followed their death records until the end of 2012 (167,932 deaths). The educational gradient in all-cause mortality was lower within sibships than in the population as a whole, an attenuation that was strongest at younger ages (< 50 years of age) and for those with a working class or farmer background...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348455/programmed-cell-death-can-increase-the-efficacy-of-microbial-bet-hedging
#8
Eric Libby, William W Driscoll, William C Ratcliff
Programmed cell death (PCD) occurs in both unicellular and multicellular organisms. While PCD plays a key role in the development and maintenance of multicellular organisms, explaining why single-celled organisms would evolve to actively commit suicide has been far more challenging. Here, we explore the potential for PCD to act as an accessory to microbial bet-hedging strategies that utilize stochastic phenotype switching. We consider organisms that face unpredictable and recurring disasters, in which fitness depends on effective phenotypic diversification...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348108/report-fast-chromatographic-screening-method-for-7-drugs-of-potential-threat-in-drug-facilitated-crimes
#9
Beril Anılanmert, Ibrahim Narın, Ibrahim Aydın, Munevver Acıkkol
In cases where pharmaceuticals and pharmaceutical candidates are involved in drug facilitated crimes (DFC), like organ theft, robbery, rape and suicides, the analysis of drug powders or solution residues found in crime scenes may give idea on what the victims have ingested. An easy and fast simultaneous determination of 7 drugs; GHB (γ-hydroxybutyrate), GBL (γ-butyrolactone), norketamine, ketamine, fenobarbital, fenitoin and thiopental which have the potential to be used in DFC was performed. The method required no sample preparation and has 12 minutes elution time with a good chromatographic separation...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347894/-gender-specific-differences-in-the-degree-of-burden-on-children-and-adolescents-taken-into-custody
#10
Stefan Rücker, Peter Büttner, Norbert Karpinski, Franz Petermann, Jörg M Fegert
Gender-specific Differences in the Degree of Burden on Children and Adolescents Taken into Custody Children and adolescents who were taken into care are a high-risk group for mental disorders such as externalizing problems or conduct disorders. 95 children and adolescents who were taken into care were tested with the Screening Child Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument 2 (MAYSI-2). In a large proportion of those children and adolescents emotional and physical neglect and abuse was identified...
January 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346848/factors-influencing-suicidal-tendencies-of-patients-with-diagnosis-of-attempted-suicide-in-medical-history-and-potential-prevention-of-relapse-prevention
#11
Kvetoslava Kotrbová, Ivan Dóci, Lidmila Hamplová, Vít Dvořák, Šárka Selingerová, Veronika Růžičková, Šárka Chmelařová
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346785/impulsivity-and-saliva-cortisol-in-patients-with-suicide-attempt-and-controls
#12
Ute Lewitzka, Michael Bauer, Bettina Ripke, Thomas Bronisch, Lydia Günther
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to prove concepts in the characterization of suicidal patients and the possible usefulness of those markers to potentially identify patients with a higher risk for suicidality. METHODS: Patients with a recent suicide attempt were compared with patients suffering from depression, adjustment disorder, anxiety, or eating disorders without suicidality, healthy controls and remitted patients with a history of at least 1 suicide attempt (≥1 year)...
January 18, 2018: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345907/effects-of-plant-sterols-and-or-%C3%AE-cryptoxanthin-at-physiological-serum-concentrations-on-suicidal-erythrocyte-death
#13
Andrea Alvarez-Sala, Gabriel López-García, Alessandro Attanzio, Luisa Tesoriere, Antonio Cilla, Reyes Barbera, Amparo Alegria
The eryptotic and hemolytic effects of a phytosterol (PS) mixture (β-sitosterol, campesterol, stigmasterol) and/or β-cryptoxanthin (β-Cx) at physiological serum concentration and their effect against oxidative stress induced by tert-butylhydroperoxide (tBOOH) (75 and 300 µM) were evaluated. β-Cryptoxanthin produced an increase in eryptotic cells, cell volume, hemolysis and glutathione depletion (GSH), without ROS overproduction and intracellular Ca2+ influx. Co-incubation of both bioactive compounds protected against β-Cx-induced eryptosis...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345478/racial-ethnic-differences-of-justice-involved-youth-in-substance-related-problems-and-services-received
#14
Leanne L Heaton
This study examined differences in substance-related problems and receipt of substance-specific counseling in 7 different racial/ethnic groups of justice-involved youth. Data came from a nationally representative sample of 7,073 youth in residential placement across 36 states representing 5 program types. Descriptive analyses and regression modeling techniques were used to examine the relationship between race/ethnicity, substance problems, and substance services. Results show that more than 2/3 report a history of at least 1 substance-related problem...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345356/ethical-and-practical-considerations-in-the-use-of-a-predictive-model-to-trigger-suicide-prevention-interventions-in-healthcare-settings
#15
Raymond P Tucker, Meredith J Tackett, David Glickman, Mark A Reger
Predictive models that utilize data from electronic healthcare records (EHR) have been developed, investigated, and appear to provide an important resource for suicide prevention in medical settings. Actuarial approaches to predicting suicide may be particularly important given the relative inability of clinicians to accurately predict suicide. Although research regarding predictive models that utilize EHR is certainly promising, ethical considerations for the use of these models to trigger suicide prevention interventions warrant careful consideration...
January 18, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345196/surfactant-protein-c-dampens-inflammation-by-decreasing-jak-stat-activation-during-lung-repair
#16
Huiyan Jin, Andrzej K Ciechanowicz, Alanna R Kaplan, Lin Wang, Ping Xia Zhang, Yi-Chien Lu, Rachel E Tobin, Brooke A Tobin, Lauren Cohn, Caroline J Zeiss, Patty J Lee, Emanuela M Bruscia, Diane S Krause
Surfactant Protein C (SPC), a key component of pulmonary surfactant, also plays a role in regulating inflammation. SPC deficiency in patients and mouse models is associated with increased inflammation and delayed repair, but the key drivers of SPC-regulated inflammation in response to injury are largely unknown. This study focuses on a new mechanism of SPC as an anti-inflammatory molecule using SPC-TK/SPC-KO (surfactant protein C-thymidine kinase/surfactant protein C knockout) mice, which represent a novel sterile injury model that mimics clinical acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345154/trends-and-repetition-of-non-fatal-suicidal-behaviour-analyses-of-the-gold-coast-university-hospital-s-emergency-department
#17
Kairi Kõlves, David Crompton, Kathryn Turner, Nicolas J C Stapelberg, Ashar Khan, Gail Robinson, Diego de Leo
Objective The aim of the current paper is to analyse time trends of non-fatal suicidal behaviour (NFSB) and its repetition at the Gold Coast in 2005-2015. Methods Data on presentations for NFSB were obtained from the Emergency Department (ED) Information System. Potential cases were identified through keyword searches, which were further scrutinised and coded. Annual person-based age-standardised rates for NFSB were calculated. Chi-square test, Poisson regression and Cox proportional hazards regression were used...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344631/a-brief-exposure-based-treatment-vs-cognitive-processing-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-randomized-noninferiority-clinical-trial
#18
Denise M Sloan, Brian P Marx, Daniel J Lee, Patricia A Resick
Importance: Written exposure therapy (WET), a 5-session intervention, has been shown to efficaciously treat posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, this treatment has not yet been directly compared with a first-line PTSD treatment such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT). Objective: To determine if WET is noninferior to CPT in patients with PTSD. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this randomized clinical trial conducted at a Veterans Affairs medical facility between February 28, 2013, and November 6, 2016, 126 veteran and nonveteran adults were randomized to either WET or CPT...
January 17, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344558/therapeutic-potential-of-bleomycin-plus-suicide-or-interferon-%C3%AE-gene-transfer-combination-for-spontaneous-feline-and-canine-melanoma
#19
Lucrecia Agnetti, Chiara Fondello, Marcela S Villaverde, Gerardo C Glikin, Liliana M E Finocchiaro
We originated and characterized melanoma cell lines derived from tumors of two feline and two canine veterinary patients. These lines reestablished the morphology, physiology and cell heterogeneity of their respective parental tumors. We evaluated the cytotoxicity of bleomycin (BLM) alone, or combined with interferon-β (IFN-β) or HSVtk/GCV suicide gene (SG) lipofection on these cells. Although the four animals presented stage III disease (WHO system), SG treated feline tumors displayed stable disease in vivo, while the canine ones exhibited partial response...
November 2017: Oncoscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344536/a-cry-for-help-and-protest-self-immolation-in-young-kurdish-iraqi-women-a-qualitative-study
#20
Pakestan Mohammad Amin, Jila Mirlashari, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi
Background: Suicide is a major psychiatric emergency that has always been a topic of great interest to researchers. Self-immolation is a heinous suicide method that is common in Eastern societies. The present study was conducted to explore probable issues which might lead to self-immolation in young Kurdish Iraqi women. Methods: The present qualitative study was conducted in Soran, Erbil Governorate in Iraq, and the surrounding villages of Soran District (March 2015 to May 2016)...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
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