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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110169/lack-of-overlap-and-large-discrepancies-in-the-characteristics-of-the-deceased-in-two-sources-of-drug-death-a-linkage-study-of-the-cause-of-death-and-the-police-registries-in-norway-2007-2009
#1
Ellen Johanna Amundsen
BACKGROUND: Registries for drug deaths may include different persons and provide different characteristics of the deceased. The aim of this study was to establish whether a database of drug-induced deaths (Cause of Death Registry (CDR) using the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) definition and the Police registry of drug deaths) included the same persons and provided the same characteristics of the deceased and thus yielded the same information for establishing targeted prevention measures...
January 19, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109642/non-routine-discharge-from-military-service-mental-illness-substance-use-disorders-and-suicidality
#2
Emily Brignone, Jamison D Fargo, Rebecca K Blais, Marjorie E Carter, Matthew H Samore, Adi V Gundlapalli
INTRODUCTION: Mental illness and substance use disorders among newly returned military service members pose challenges to successful reintegration into civilian life and, in extreme cases, may lead to outcomes such as incarceration, homelessness, and suicide. One potential early indicator for these difficulties is non-routine discharge from military service. METHODS: Using data from the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) for 443,360 active duty service Veterans who deployed to Afghanistan and Iraq and subsequently utilized VHA services between Fiscal Years 2004 and 2013, this study examined risk for receiving a VHA-documented diagnosis of mental illness, substance use disorders, and suicidality as a function of discharge type, controlling for demographic and military service covariates...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109473/competing-causes-of-death-in-the-head-and-neck-cancer-population
#3
Sean T Massa, Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters, Kara M Christopher, Lauren D Arnold, Mario Schootman, Ronald J Walker, Mark A Varvares
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The increasing survivorship of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) comes with a risk of death from other causes, known as competing causes. The demographics of HNSCC are also evolving with increasing incidence of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) associated tumors. This study describes competing causes of death for the HNSCC population compared to the general population and identifies associated risk factors. METHODS: Adult patients with first mucosal HNSCC (2004-2011) were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Result database...
February 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109107/-efficacy-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-alleviating-clinical-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-in-elderly-depressive-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Bi-Yong Qin, Li-Lei Dai, Yan Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for alleviating the clinical symptoms and suicidal ideation in elderly patients with depression. METHODS: A total of 178 elderly depressive patients with suicidal ideation were randomized into rTMS treatment group (n=80) and control group (n=98) and treated with rTMS or sham rTMS treatment for 4 weeks in addition to conventional therapy with medications. The 24-item Hamilton Depression Scales (HAMD) and Self-rating Idea of Suicide Scale (SIOSS) were used to assess the severity of depression and the risk of suicide at the baseline and after 2 and 4 weeks of treatment...
January 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107704/the-threat-of-home-eviction-and-its-effects-on-health-through-the-equity-lens-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Hugo Vásquez-Vera, Laia Palència, Ingrid Magna, Carlos Mena, Jaime Neira, Carme Borrell
The aims of this review are to gather and systematize the currently available evidence on the effect of the threat of eviction on health and its eventual spillover effects, to assess the quality of the selected studies, and to describe how these findings vary with respect to dimensions of social inequity. We conducted a literature search in March 2016, which yielded 2208 unduplicated articles. The title, abstract and full text of these articles were reviewed by three independent pairs of researchers. We performed a quality assessment of each article, and evaluated whether health inequities had been considered...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107615/suicide-attempts-and-their-interrelation-with-the-economic-crisis-in-chania-greece-a-time-series-analysis-of-the-period-2008-2015
#6
Emmanouil S Benioudakis, Vyronas Lykiardopoulos, Vaggelis Georgiou, Maria D Archontaki, Alexandra Tsourounaki, Georgia Botonaki, Aikaterini Batzou, Tsampikos Symiakos, Theodora Seliniotaki, Athanasios Armagos, Aikaterini Pentari, Konstantinos Moiradorakis, Eleanna Darakis, Maria Melissari-Tzanakaki
Background: Greece has been in the grip of a severe economic crisis since 2008. It is well known that suicide attempts and actual suicides increase during periods of recession and austerity. The main aim of this study was to examine the economic crisis in relation to recorded suicide attempts in Chania, Greece, from 2008 to 2015, also taking unemployment rates into consideration. Methods: During the research period from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2015, 436 suicide attempts (females: n = 305 and males: n = 131) were recorded in the archives of the General Hospital of Chania...
January 19, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105552/differentiating-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-risky-drinking-a-role-for-outcome-expectancies-and-self-efficacy-beliefs
#7
Penelope Hasking
Social cognitive theory articulates a role for two key thought processes in governing volitional behaviour: outcome expectancies and self-efficacy expectancies. These cognitions are behaviour-specific, and should thus differentiate people who engage in one behaviour over another. This paper presents the results of a study applying social cognitive theory to explore how outcome expectancies and self-efficacy expectancies differentially relate to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and risky alcohol use amongst a sample of young adults...
January 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105494/suicide-with-two-makes-of-captive-bolt-guns-livestock-stunners-fired-simultaneously-to-the-forehead
#8
Rebecca Pircher, Dorothee Geisenberger, Markus Große Perdekamp, Merja Neukamm, Stefan Pollak, Ulrike Schmidt, Annette Thierauf-Emberger
In humans, most fatalities from slaughterer's guns are suicides committed by persons familiar with stunning devices. The great majority of cases accounts for shots to the head, especially the frontal region. Only a small number of two subsequent cranial shots from captive-bolt humane killers have been reported up to now. In the case presented by the authors, a suicide by simultaneous shots to the head fired from two different makes of captive-bolt guns (one of them having two separate outlets for the combustion gases in the muzzle plane, the other type having no additional openings) is described for the first time...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104739/relationship-between-prescribed-psychotropic-medications-and-co-ingested-alcohol-in-intentional-self-poisonings
#9
Kate M Chitty, Timothy Dobbins, Andrew H Dawson, Geoffrey K Isbister, Nicholas A Buckley
BACKGROUND: Acute alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for suicide, therefore investigating factors associated with alcohol-related self-harm warrant attention. AIMS: To investigate the influence of prescribed psychotropic medications on the odds of co-ingesting alcohol preceding or during intentional efforts to self-poison. METHOD: A cross-sectional analysis of consecutive hospital presentations following intentional self-poisoning was conducted...
January 19, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104563/differential-correlation-of-suicide-and-homicide-rates-according-to-geographical-areas-a-study-with-population-level-data
#10
Konstantinos N Fountoulakis, Xenia Gonda
The current study investigated the relationship of suicide and homicide rates internationally. WHO database mortality data for 82 countries concerning suicide, homicides, and cancer and traffic accidents as controls were used. The analysis included Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression analysis. Worldwide homicidal rates explained 55.42%, 43.86% and 41.7% of male and 22.0%, 22.14% and 13.25% of female suicides for 2000, 2005 and 2010 respectively. In Europe there was a positive correlation between male suicide rates and all homicide rates including homicide rates in both genders, in male victims, and in female victims...
January 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104541/does-the-biopsychosocial-spiritual-model-of-addiction-apply-in-an-islamic-context-a-qualitative-study-of-jordanian-addicts-in-treatment
#11
Hamad Al Ghaferi, Christine Bond, Catriona Matheson
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research in the published literature on substance use and addiction in the Middle East and Islamic countries. This study was the first to explore whether the biopsychosocial-spiritual model of addiction was relevant to an addicted treatment population in Jordan, an Islamic country. METHODS: A qualitative study design using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with a sample of 25 males in addiction treatment. The sample was drawn from a cohort of in-patients at a treatment centre in Amman, Jordan who had already participated in a quantitative survey...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104145/a-case-report-of-successful-kidney-donation-after-brain-death-following-nicotine-intoxication
#12
M Räsänen, I Helanterä, J Kalliomäki, J Savikko, M Parry, M Lempinen
Nicotine intoxication is a rare cause of death and can lead to brain death after respiratory arrest and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. To our knowledge, no previous reports regarding organ donation after nicotine intoxication have been described. We present a successful case of kidney donation after brain death caused by subcutaneous nicotine overdose from liquid nicotine from an e-cigarette cartridge in an attempted suicide. Both kidneys were transplanted successfully with immediate graft function, and both recipients were discharged at postoperative day 9 with normal plasma creatinine levels...
January 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104068/measuring-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-an-integrative-review
#13
Cordellia E Bright
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to assess the validity, reliability and levels of evidence of existing instruments for measuring medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia. BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is estimated to affect approximately 7 individuals out of 1000 in their lifetimes, with fifty percent of patients attempting suicide. However studies have shown that measuring medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia is difficult and no gold standard currently exists...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104060/comparison-of-suicide-attempts-behaviors-following-smoking-cessation-treatments-among-schizophrenic-smokers
#14
I-Hsuan Wu, Hua Chen, Patrick Bordnick, Ekere James Essien, Michael Johnson, Ronald J Peters, Xin Wang, Susan M Abughosh
BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation may lead to depression in some smokers and result in increased risk of suicide. OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of suicide attempts/behaviors associated with different smoking cessation medications among schizophrenic patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using General Electric (GE) medical record database (1995-2011). The first day of being prescribed a smoking cessation medication defined as index date...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104059/suicide-risk-in-the-hospitalized-elderly-in-turkey-and-affecting-factors
#15
Dilek Avci, Kevser Tari Selcuk, Selma Dogan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the suicide risk among the elderly hospitalized and treated because of physical illnesses, and the factors affecting the risk. METHODS: The study has a cross-sectional design. It was conducted with 459 elderly people hospitalized and treated in a public hospital between May 25, 2015 and December 4, 2015. Data were collected with the Personal Information Form, Suicide Probability Scale and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104055/mental-health-nurses-experiences-of-caring-for-suicidal-patients-in-psychiatric-wards-an-emotional-endeavor
#16
Julia Hagen, Birthe Loa Knizek, Heidi Hjelmeland
The purpose of the study is to investigate mental health nurses' experiences of recognizing and responding to suicidal behavior/self-harm and dealing with the emotional challenges in the care of potentially suicidal inpatients. Interview data of eight mental health nurses were analyzed by systematic text condensation. The participants reported alertness to patients' suicidal cues, relieving psychological pain and inspiring hope. Various emotions are evoked by suicidal behavior. Mental health nurses seem to regulate their emotions and emotional expressions, and balance involvement and distance to provide good care of patients and themselves...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103840/more-than-eight-in-every-nineteen-inmates-were-living-with-depression-at-prisons-of-northwest-amhara-regional-state-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study-design
#17
Teresa Kisi Beyen, Abel Fikadu Dadi, Berihun Assefa Dachew, Niguse Yigzaw Muluneh, Telake Azale Bisetegn
BACKGROUND: Mental health is the greatest challenges for the current and future generations. Worldwide, out of the 66 million people suffering from depression; majority (85%) were from low and middle income countries. The prevalence was more common among the prisons population than the community. However, a worldwide consideration given to the problems is very low, particularly for prisoners. METHODS: To assess level of depression and associated factors among prisoners in prisons of Northwest Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia, Institutional based cross sectional study was employed on 727 prisoners selected by multistage random sampling from three prisons of northwest Amhara...
January 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103765/depression-and-suicidality-in-gay-men
#18
Carrie Lee, John L Oliffe, Mary T Kelly, Olivier Ferlatte
Gay men are a subgroup vulnerable to depression and suicidality. The prevalence of depression among gay men is three times higher than the general adult population. Because depression is a known risk factor for suicide, gay men are also at high risk for suicidality. Despite the high prevalence of depression and suicidality, health researchers and health care providers have tended to focus on sexual health issues, most often human immunodeficiency virus in gay men. Related to this, gay men's health has often been defined by sexual practices, and poorly understood are the intersections of gay men's physical and mental health with social determinants of health including ethnicity, locale, education level, and socioeconomic status...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103068/suicide-deaths-with-opioid-poisoning-in-the-united-states-1999-2014
#19
Jennifer Brennan Braden, Mark J Edlund, Mark D Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: To describe trends in suicides with opioid poisoning noted as a contributing cause of death. METHODS: Using National Vital Statistics data (1999-2014), we calculated age-adjusted rates of suicide with opioid poisoning (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision codes T40.0-T40.4) per 100 000 population per year and annual percentage change (APC) in rates. We used Joinpoint regression to examine trends in suicide rates and proportion of suicides involving opioids...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103062/academic-public-health-and-the-firearm-crisis-an-agenda-for-action
#20
Charles C Branas, Andrew Flescher, Margaret K Formica, Sandro Galea, Nils Hennig, Karen D Liller, Hala N Madanat, Andrew Park, John E Rosenthal, Jun Ying
Firearms have been a prevalent cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States since about the turn of the 20th century. Firearm deaths, including homicides, suicides, and unintentional shootings, generally increased from 1900 until the mid-1930s, dipped through the mid-1960s, and rose through the 1990s, reaching a plateau beginning in approximately 2000 that continues to the present. Motor vehicle deaths once far exceeded firearm deaths. However, thanks to investments in research and vehicle and roadway design, motor vehicle deaths have declined substantially and firearm deaths now stand to surpass them...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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