keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Suicidal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654858/reference-values-of-lithium-in-postmortem-femoral-blood
#1
Carl Söderberg, Emma Wernvik, Anna K Jönsson, Henrik Druid
INTRODUCTION: The main recipients of lithium, people diagnosed with bipolar disorder, show an increased mortality in both natural and unnatural causes of death. Based on international data persons diagnosed with bipolar disorder comprise 2.3-9.6% of all suicidal deaths. In cases of suicide among those suffering from bipolar disorder, 17-53% are due to fatal intoxications. Diagnosing fatal intoxications is often challenging, particularly when the reference information needed to interpret the concentration of a drug is lacking or scarce...
June 15, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654847/a-model-comparison-approach-to-trauma-related-guilt-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-ptsd-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-among-veterans
#2
Katherine C Cunningham, Chloe Farmer, Stefanie T LoSavio, Paul A Dennis, Carolina P Clancy, Michael A Hertzberg, Claire F Collie, Patrick S Calhoun, Jean C Beckham
BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation (SI) is a serious issue affecting U.S. veterans, and those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at an especially high risk of SI. Guilt has been associated with both PTSD and SI and may therefore be an important link between these constructs. METHODS: The present study compared models of trauma-related guilt and used path analysis to examine the direct and indirect effects of PTSD and trauma-related guilt on SI among a sample of 988 veterans receiving outpatient PTSD treatment at a Veterans Affairs (VA) specialty clinic...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653106/from-will-to-live-to-will-to-die-oncologists-nurses-and-social-workers-identification-of-suicidality-in-cancer-patients
#3
Leeat Granek, Ora Nakash, Samuel Ariad, Wendy Chen, Shira Birenstock-Cohen, Shahar Shapira, Merav Ben-David
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to examine how oncologists, nurses, and social workers identify suicidality in cancer patients. METHODS: Sixty-one healthcare professionals (23 oncologists, 18 social workers, and 20 nurses) at two academic cancer centers were interviewed using an in-depth interview guide. This was a qualitative study based on grounded theory methodology. Analysis involved line-by-line coding, with categories and themes emerging from participants' narratives...
June 26, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652940/utility-of-a-time-frame-in-assessing-psychological-pain-and-suicide-ideation
#4
Esther L Meerwijk, Sandra J Weiss
BACKGROUND: Assessing psychological pain has been recommended as an integral part of a comprehensive suicide risk assessment. The Psychache Scale, an established measure of psychological pain, does not specify a time frame for when pain is experienced, which may inadvertently increase the likelihood of identifying individuals as being at elevated suicide risk when they complete the Psychache Scale based on psychological pain experienced at some undefined time in the past. METHODS: We conducted a national general population survey among United States adults to determine whether addition of a time frame to the instructions of the Psychache Scale would more accurately reflect current psychological pain and more effectively identify people with current suicide ideation...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652746/association-between-serotonin-transporter-polymorphisms-5-httlpr-and-the-madrs-dysphoria-retardation-and-vegetative-subscale-scores-in-the-treatment-of-depression
#5
Hitoshi Takahashi, Hisashi Higuchi, Kazuhiro Sato, Mitsuhiro Kamata, Keizo Yoshida, Katsuji Nishimura
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between serotonin- or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-related gene polymorphisms and response to antidepressant treatment in a specific symptom cluster of major depression by using the three-factor model of the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), ie, dysphoria (items of sadness, pessimistic thoughts, and suicidal thoughts), retardation (items of lassitude, inability to feel, apparent sadness, and concentration difficulties), and vegetative symptoms (items of reduced sleep, reduced appetite, and inner tension)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652499/a-cross-sectional-cohort-study-of-prevalence-co-morbidities-and-correlates-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-among-adult-patients-admitted-to-the-li-ka-shing-psychiatric-outpatient-clinic-hong-kong
#6
V Mc Leung, L F Chan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence, co-morbidities, and correlates of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among adult patients who attended the Li Ka Shing psychiatric outpatient clinic (LKSPC), Hong Kong. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional cohort study of patients consecutively referred to LKSPC over a 3-month period for evaluation of adult ADHD in 2 phases. In the screening phase, the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale-v1.1 (ASRS-v1.1) Screener and Symptom Checklist and Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) were used in the evaluation...
June 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652498/prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychological-distress-in-adolescent-students-from-india
#7
T S Jaisoorya, D Geetha, K V Beena, M Beena, K Ellangovan, K Thennarasu
OBJECTIVE: There are limited data on the prevalence and correlates of psychological distress among adolescents in India. This study assessed psychological distress among adolescents who attended school in Kerala, India. METHODS: A total of 7560 students from 73 schools, aged 12 to 19 years completed a self-administered questionnaire that included Kessler Psychological Distress Scale and other standardised instruments to assess various domains. RESULTS: Mild psychological distress was reported by 10...
June 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651657/association-between-violent-crime-and-psychosis-in-men-serving-prison-terms
#8
Javier Saavedra, Marcelino López, M Eva Trigo
Psychosis has been associated with committing violent crimes. However, it has been reported that the association is mediated by toxin consumption, personality disorders, and positive symptoms. This study will examine the relationship between different psychological disorders and sociodemographic variables, and violent crime perpetration in a sample of 472 men serving prison terms in Andalusia, Spain. A correlation-based, retrospective study was conducted and data were analyzed through logistic regression. The sample is representative of the Andalusian prison population, with a 95% level of confidence and ...
June 27, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651589/behavioural-activation-by-mental-health-nurses-for-late-life-depression-in-primary-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Noortje Janssen, Marcus J H Huibers, Peter Lucassen, Richard Oude Voshaar, Harm van Marwijk, Judith Bosmans, Mirjam Pijnappels, Jan Spijker, Gert-Jan Hendriks
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are common in older adults. The effectiveness of pharmacological treatments and the availability of psychological treatments in primary care are limited. A behavioural approach to depression treatment might be beneficial to many older adults but such care is still largely unavailable. Behavioural Activation (BA) protocols are less complicated and more easy to train than other psychological therapies, making them very suitable for delivery by less specialised therapists...
June 26, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650684/intentional-ingestion-of-elemental-mercury-requiring-multi-step-decontamination-and-prophylactic-appendectomy-a-case-report-and-treatment-proposal
#10
Andrea Michielan, Azzurra Schicchi, Roberto Cappuccio, Davide Lonati, Francesca Lamboglia, Alessandra Vitalba, Alessandro Caroli, Marta Crevani, Carlo A Locatelli, Giorgio Betetto
BACKGROUND: Ingestion of elemental mercury (Hg0) is considered non-toxic. After massive ingestion, local intestinal complications may develop: retention within appendix is quite frequent but treatment is debated. We describe a case of intentional ingestion of Hg0 requiring multi-step decontamination and prophylactic appendectomy. Case detail: A 19-year-old woman was admitted to ED for abdominal pain. History revealed ingestion of large amount of Hg0 as suicide attempt. To prevent absorption, facilitate elimination, and avoid complications a conservative approach was started...
June 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650191/perceived-problem-solving-deficits-and-suicidal-ideation-evidence-for-the-explanatory-roles-of-thwarted-belongingness-and-perceived-burdensomeness-in-five-samples
#11
Carol Chu, Kristin L Walker, Ian H Stanley, Jameson K Hirsch, Jeffrey H Greenberg, M David Rudd, Thomas E Joiner
Perceived social problem-solving deficits are associated with suicide risk; however, little research has examined the mechanisms underlying this relationship. The interpersonal theory of suicide proposes 2 mechanisms in the pathogenesis of suicidal desire: intractable feelings of thwarted belongingness (TB) and perceived burdensomeness (PB). This study tested whether TB and PB serve as explanatory links in the relationship between perceived social problem-solving (SPS) deficits and suicidal thoughts and behaviors cross-sectionally and longitudinally...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650105/psychological-symptoms-in-late-adolescence-and-long-term-risk-of-suicide-and-suicide-attempt
#12
Carl Hogstedt, Yvonne Forsell, Tomas Hemmingsson, Ingvar Lundberg, Andreas Lundin
Mental disorders in the general population are associated with increased risk of suicidality, but less is known about the independent predictive ability of self-reported psychological symptoms. We followed 49,321 screened and interviewed Swedish conscripts through 36-year follow-up to test whether psychological symptoms predicted suicide and hospitalization for suicide attempts. There were 619 suicides and 1,230 suicide attempts during the follow-up period. After excluding subjects with any psychiatric diagnoses (n = 5,691, 12%) and controlling for other psychological symptoms, severe symptoms of anger, trouble falling asleep, and feeling down predicted suicide...
June 26, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650001/brodalumab-the-first-anti-il-17-receptor-agent-for-psoriasis
#13
L Puig
Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease in which the alteration of the interleukin-23 (IL-23)/IL-17 cytokine axis appears to be crucial from a pathogenetic perspective. This has been confirmed by the efficacy of monoclonal antibodies blocking IL-17A, such as secukinumab and ixekizumab. Brodalumab is a human anti-IL-17 receptor A (IL-17RA) monoclonal antibody that inhibits the biological activity of IL-17A, IL-17F and other IL-17 isoforms, and has been approved (210 mg s.c. at weeks 0, 1, 2 and every 2 weeks thereafter) for the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris, psoriatic arthritis, pustular psoriasis and psoriatic erythroderma in Japan (Lumicef)...
May 2017: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649928/beyond-the-medical-model
#14
Scott J Fitzpatrick, Jo River
The medical model continues to dominate research and shape policy and service responses to suicide. In this work we challenge the assumption that the medical model always provides the most effective and appropriate care for persons who are suicidal. In particular, we point to service user perspectives of health services which show that interventions are often experienced as discriminatory, culturally inappropriate, and incongruent with the needs and values of persons who are suicidal. We then examine "humanistic" approaches to care that have been proposed as a corrective to an overly medical model...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648403/genetic-determinant-of-bacillus-pumilus-lipase-lethality-and-its-application-as-positive-selection-cloning-vector-in-escherichia-coli
#15
Nobalanda Betty Mabizela-Mokoena, Shonisani Wendy Limani, Ignatious Ncube, Lizelle Piater, Derek Litthauer, Mulalo Bethuel Nthangeni
Positive selection vectors carry genes that upon expression produce proteins that cause host cell deaths. Insertion of foreign DNA fragments within the ORF of the gene disrupts the lethal effect of the expressed protein. This study described the cloning of Family I.4 Bacillus pumilus lipase gene whose expressed protein is toxic and lethal to Escherichia coli JM109 (DE3) cells. The determinant of toxicity was identified through Error-prone PCR to be the nature of amino acid residue resident at position 28 of the mature lipase protein...
June 22, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648163/-self-injury-converting-emotional-distress-into-physical-pain
#16
Bo Møhl, Lotte Rubæk
Self-inflicted pain by cutting, hitting or burning oneself has become a common way to regulate emotions and to serve as coping strategy. 21.5-32% of adolescents in non-clinical populations have a history of non-suicidal self-injury. Non-suicidal self-injury has a momentarily relieving effect and is an important predictor of suicidal behaviour; even superficial self-injury should be taken seriously. There is an urgent need for organized treatment programmes for young people who self-harm.
June 26, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648148/debt-counselling-for-depression-in-primary-care-an-adaptive-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial-decoder-study
#17
Mark B Gabbay, Adele Ring, Richard Byng, Pippa Anderson, Rod S Taylor, Caryn Matthews, Tirril Harris, Vashti Berry, Paula Byrne, Elliot Carter, Pam Clarke, Laura Cocking, Suzanne Edwards, Richard Emsley, Mauro Fornasiero, Lucy Frith, Shaun Harris, Peter Huxley, Siw Jones, Peter Kinderman, Michael King, Liv Kosnes, Daniel Marshall, Dave Mercer, Carl May, Debbie Nolan, Ceri Phillips, Tim Rawcliffe, Alexandra V Sardani, Elizabeth Shaw, Sam Thompson, Jane Vickery, Brian Wainman, Mark Warner
BACKGROUND: Depression and debt are common in the UK. Debt Counselling for Depression in Primary Care: an adaptive randomised controlled pilot trial (DeCoDer) aimed to assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the addition of a primary care debt counselling advice service to usual care for patients with depression and debt. However, the study was terminated early during the internal pilot trial phase because of recruitment delays. This report describes the rationale, methods and findings of the pilot study, and implications for future research...
June 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648132/conscientious-objection-a-way-out-for-assisted-suicide-or-a-non-starter
#18
Derek Willis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647722/developing-implementation-strategies-for-firearm-safety-promotion-in-paediatric-primary-care-for-suicide-prevention-in-two-large-us-health-systems-a-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-implementation-study
#19
Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Shari Jager-Hyman, Steven C Marcus, Brian K Ahmedani, John E Zeber, Joel A Fein, Gregory K Brown, Adina Lieberman, Rinad S Beidas
INTRODUCTION: The promotion of safe firearm practices, or firearms means restriction, is a promising but infrequently used suicide prevention strategy in the USA. Safety Check is an evidence-based practice for improving parental firearm safety behaviour in paediatric primary care. However, providers rarely discuss firearm safety during visits, suggesting the need to better understand barriers and facilitators to promoting this approach. This study, Adolescent Suicide Prevention In Routine clinical Encounters, aims to engender a better understanding of how to implement the three firearm components of Safety Check as a suicide prevention strategy in paediatric primary care...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647670/temperament-and-character-profile-of-college-students-who-have-suicidal-ideas-or-have-attempted-suicide
#20
Kounseok Lee, Hye-Kyung Lee, Seok Hyeon Kim
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is a major cause of death in university students. Personality traits have been suggested as possible risk factors for suicidal behaviors. This study looked at the relationship between the personality dimensions of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and suicidal behaviors. METHOD: A total of 5644 college students took the TCI test and the suicidality module of the M.I.N.I. The students were divided into the suicidal ideation group (n = 302; 5...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
keyword
keyword
30568
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"