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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919833/conventional-culture-versus-nucleic-acid-amplification-tests-for-screening-of-urethral-neisseria-gonorrhea-infection-among-asymptomatic-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
Jiratha Budkaew, Bandit Chumworathayi, Chamsai Pientong, Tipaya Ekalaksananan
BACKGROUND: Many methods are used to detect urethral Neisseria gonorrhea (NG) infection among asymptomatic men who have sex with men (MSM). The objective of this study was to define the performance of conventional culture compared to real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for diagnosis of asymptomatic urethral gonorrhea among MSM. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 147 clinical specimens for NG testing from asymptomatic participants were evaluated. MSM >18 years old who consented to undergo urethral swab and collection of urine samples from two clinics (one was the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) mobile clinic and the second was the antiretroviral clinic) located in Khon Kaen, Thailand, were recruited...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904544/changing-beliefs-and-behaviors-related-to-sexually-transmitted-diseases-in-vulnerable-women-a-qualitative-study
#2
Zahra Boroumandfar, Masoud Kianpour, Ali Zargham, Samereh Abdoli, Katayoun Tayeri, Mehrdad Salehi, Godratollah Momeni, Farzin Khorvash
BACKGROUND: The first step in health education is awareness of the people and their acceptance to change their behavior. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of empowerment program towards the concept of self-care and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in women at risk of STDs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted as a qualitative approach (step of action and observation of an action) by using conventional content analysis method...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893492/rural-counties-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-rates-in-pennsylvania-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#3
Casey N Pinto, Lorah D Dorn, Vernon M Chinchilli, Ping Du, Guangqing Chi
BACKGROUND: American adolescents and young adults between the ages of 15 and 24 account for 50% of all sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) annually. Rural populations in this age group are often understudied, despite having factors that place them at higher risk for STDs. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of time series analysis in the assessment of rural Pennsylvania county-level chlamydia and gonorrhea rates overtime (2004-2014) for 15- to 19- and 20- to 24-year-old age groups by gender...
August 24, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876320/understanding-the-effects-of-forced-sex-on-sexually-transmitted-disease-acquisition-and-sexually-transmitted-disease-care-findings-from-the-national-survey-of-family-growth-2011-2013
#4
Kathryn A Brookmeyer, Oscar Beltran, Neetu Abad
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence for heightened sexually transmitted disease (STD) acquisition among women who experienced sexual violence, little is known about their patterns of STD testing, STD diagnosis, and STD treatment. METHODS: Data was drawn from cycle eight of the National Survey of Family Growth (2011-2013). Logistic regression analyses used SUDAAN to examine the link between forced sex and risky sexual behavior as well as forced sex and STD testing, diagnoses, treatment, and connection to care...
June 17, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876297/what-s-in-a-name-perceptions-of-the-terms-sexually-transmitted-disease-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-among-late-adolescents
#5
Alyssa M Lederer, Elizabeth E Laing
BACKGROUND: There has been a shift from using the term sexually transmitted disease (STD) to sexually transmitted infection (STI), primarily based on conjecture that STI is less stigmatizing. However, there is a dearth of evidence regarding how the public actually perceives these terms. METHODS: Students at a Midwestern university participated in an online survey and were randomized to the open-ended question "What comes to mind when you think of the term sexually transmitted disease (STD)?" (n = 205) or "What comes to mind when you think of the term sexually transmitted infection (STI)?" (n = 208)...
July 31, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871927/sociodemographic-sexual-behavior-and-microbiological-profiles-of-men-attending-public-health-laboratories-for-testing-for-sexually-transmitted-diseases
#6
Mario Sviben, Sunčanica Ljubin-Sternak, Tomislav Meštrović, Jasmina Vraneš
In order to identify the groups at risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), we assessed the sociodemographic profiles of men testing for STD, their sexual habits, and the results of microbiological analysis. During a three-year period, a total of 700 men older than 18 years of age completed the questionnaire regarding sociodemographic and sexual behavior. Urethral swabs were taken for microbiological analysis. Thirty-three percent of respondents reported not using condoms. Those that do not use condoms were predominantly less educated, unmarried but in steady relationships, employed, with children, and smokers...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829952/degradable-bioadhesive-nanoparticles-for-prolonged-intravaginal-delivery-and-retention-of-elvitegravir
#7
Muneeb Mohideen, Elias Quijano, Eric Song, Yang Deng, Gauri Panse, Wei Zhang, Meredith R Clark, W Mark Saltzman
New methods for long-lasting protection against sexually transmitted disease, such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), are needed to help reduce the severity of STD epidemics, especially in developing countries. Intravaginal delivery of therapeutics has emerged as a promising strategy to provide women with local protection, but residence times of such agents are greatly reduced by the protective mucus layer, fluctuating hormone cycle, and complex anatomical structure of the reproductive tract. Polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) capable of encapsulating the desired cargo, penetrating through the mucosal surfaces, and delivering agents to the site of action have been explored...
November 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809767/using-reported-rates-of-sexually-transmitted-diseases-to-illustrate-potential-methodological-issues-in-the-measurement-of-racial-and-ethnic-disparities
#8
Harrell W Chesson, Chirag G Patel, Thomas L Gift, Kyle T Bernstein, Sevgi O Aral
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in the burden of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) have been documented and described for decades. Similarly, methodological issues and limitations in the use of disparity measures to quantify disparities in health have also been well documented. The purpose of this study was to use historic STD surveillance data to illustrate four of the most well-known methodological issues associated with the use of disparity measures. METHODS: We manually searched STD surveillance reports to find examples of racial/ethnic distributions of reported STDs that illustrate key methodological issues in the use of disparity measures...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753671/self-reported-infections-during-international-travel-and-notifiable-infections-among-returning-international-travellers-sweden-2009-2013
#9
Viktor Dahl, Anders Wallensten
We studied food and water-borne diseases (FWDs), sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), vector-borne diseases (VBDs) and diseases vaccinated against in the Swedish childhood vaccination programme among Swedish international travellers, in order to identify countries associated with a high number of infections. We used the national database for notifiable infections to estimate the number of FWDs (campylobacteriosis, salmonellosis, giardiasis, shigellosis, EHEC, Entamoeba histolytica, yersinosis, hepatitis A, paratyphoid fever, typhoid fever, hepatitis E, listeriosis, cholera), STIs (chlamydia, gonorrhoea and acute hepatitis B), VBDs (dengue fever, malaria, West Nile fever, Japanese encephalitis and yellow fever) and diseases vaccinated against in the Swedish childhood vaccination programme (pertussis, measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria) acquired abroad 2009-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736100/consensus-document-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-sexually-transmitted-diseases-in-adults-children-and-adolescents
#10
National Aids Plan
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are one of the most common and universal problems of public health. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and STD infections are clearly interrelated, and share risks, incidence and transmission mechanisms. The aim of this document is to inform health professionals about the current situation and management of STDs, which, because of their relevance, need greater care, both in the general population and in the population with HIV. These guidelines for STD treatment, although clinically oriented and focused especially on treatment, contain other aspects related to assessing and evaluating patients, as well as recommendations for diagnosis...
July 20, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733893/effects-of-new-generation-tmem16a-inhibitors-on-calcium-activated-chloride-currents-in-rabbit-urethral-interstitial-cells-of-cajal
#11
Stephen Fedigan, Eamonn Bradley, Timothy Webb, Roddy J Large, Mark A Hollywood, Keith D Thornbury, Noel G McHale, Gerard P Sergeant
Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) isolated from the rabbit urethra exhibit Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) currents (I ClCa) that are important for the development of urethral tone. Here, we examined if TMEM16A (ANO1) contributed to this activity by examining the effect of "new-generation" TMEM16A inhibitors, CACCinh-A01 and T16Ainh-A01, on I ClCa recorded from freshly isolated rabbit urethral ICC (RUICC) and on contractions of intact strips of rabbit urethra smooth muscle. Real-time quantitative PCR experiments demonstrated that TMEM16A was highly expressed in rabbit urethra smooth muscle, in comparison to TMEM16B and TMEM16F...
July 21, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727818/prep-in-italy-the-time-may-be-ripe-but-who-s-paying-the-bill-a-nationwide-survey-on-physicians-attitudes-towards-using-antiretrovirals-to-prevent-hiv-infection
#12
Antonio Di Biagio, Niccolò Riccardi, Alessio Signori, Renato Maserati, Silvia Nozza, Andrea Gori, Stefano Bonora, Marco Borderi, Diego Ripamonti, Maria Cristina Rossi, Giancarlo Orofino, Tiziana Quirino, Giuseppe Nunnari, Benedetto Maurizio Celesia, Salvatore Martini, Caterina Sagnelli, Giovanni Mazzola, Pietro Colletti, Dario Bartolozzi, Teresa Bini, Nicoletta Ladisa, Filippo Castelnuovo, Annalisa Saracino, Sergio Lo Caputo
Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of the oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with tenofovir (with or without emtricitabine) on preventing HIV-negative partners of HIV infected patients to become infected through sexual contacts. PrEP is already available in the United States and now is approved by European Medicine Agency. In this setting we would like to gauge physicians' knowledge, acquaintance with and attitude to include PrEP in their clinical practice. A cross sectional survey was conducted among Italian physicians expert on antiretroviral therapy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723470/sexually-transmitted-disease-and-male-infertility-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Mikkel Fode, Ferdinando Fusco, Larry Lipshultz, Wolfgang Weidner
CONTEXT: Theoretically, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) have the potential to disrupt male fertility; however, the topic remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To describe the possible association between STDs and male infertility and to explore possible pathophysiologic mechanisms. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a systematic literature review in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for articles published before January 1, 2016, using the MeSH terms for a variety of STDs and infertility...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721615/phycoremediation-potential-of-marine-microalga-tetraselmis-indica-on-secondary-treated-domestic-sewage-for-nutrient-removal-and-biodiesel-production
#14
Amit, Rajesh Chandra, Uttam Kumar Ghosh, Jagdeep Kumar Nayak
Marine microalga Tetraselmis indica (T. indica) was cultivated in secondary treated domestic sewage (STDS) in batch mode. Optimization studies showed that after 14 days of cultivation period, highest biomass yield reached was 0.88 ± 0.04 g/L at the optimum temperature of 27 ± 1 °C and light intensity of 135 μmol m(-2) s(-1). T. indica removed about 60.93% phosphate, 78.46% nitrate, 72.94% chemical oxygen demand (COD), 73.17% biological oxygen demand (BOD), 98.90% total dissolved solids (TDS) and heavy metals (83...
July 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706368/knowledge-and-behaviour-regarding-birth-prevention-of-healthcare-providers
#15
Smriti Bhargava, Nupur Hooja, Rajani Nawal, Bhomraj Kumawat, Avantika Sharma, Richa Manish
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare providers are an important link with the general public to impart knowledge regarding contraception. They are an important source of providing information regarding different methods of contraception, their proper use and removing the myths from the couple's mind. However, their own attitude and practice of contraception are often lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess the attitude and practice of contraception over the last 1 year of nurses in a tertiary care hospital in Jaipur...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672027/parents-views-on-sex-education-in-schools-how-much-do-democrats-and-republicans-agree
#16
Leslie Kantor, Nicole Levitz
More than 93 percent of parents place high importance on sex education in both middle and high school. Sex education in middle and high school is widely supported by parents regardless of their political affiliation. Using data from a large diverse sample of 1,633 parents of children aged 9 to 21 years, we examined whether views on sex education differed by parents' political affiliation. More than 89 percent of parents that identified as Republicans or Democrats support including a wide range of topics in sex education including puberty, healthy relationships, abstinence, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and birth control in high school...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658382/hiv-aids-mortality-in-brazil-2000-2015-are-there-reasons-for-concern
#17
Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Mariângela Carneiro, Daisy Maria Xavier de Abreu, Elisabeth Barboza França
Introduction and objective: Mortality studies are essential for the monitoring of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Quality and completeness of data from the mortality information system (SIM) require complementary approaches. Methods: Two sources of data were used to assess mortality trends due to HIV/AIDS in Brazil from 2000 and 2014/15: a) data from the SIM published by the Department of STDs, AIDS, and viral hepatitis, and b) Global Burden of Disease 2015 (GBD 2015) studies...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652517/role-of-prostatic-interstitial-cells-in-prostate-motility
#18
Richard J Lang, Hikaru Hashitani
The prostate is a gland whose secretions contribute to the seminal fluids ejaculated upon activation of autonomic sympathetic nerves. In elder males, the prostate undergoes an increase in stroma mass and myogenic tone, leading to benign prostatic hyperplasia that occludes the proximal urethra and the presentation of various lower urinary tract symptoms that decrease their quality of life. This review summarises the role of prostatic interstitial cells (PICs) in the generation of the spontaneous tone in the prostate...
2017: Journal of Smooth Muscle Research, Nihon Heikatsukin Gakkai Kikanshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638747/health-care-disparities-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-a-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Hudaisa Hafeez, Muhammad Zeshan, Muhammad A Tahir, Nusrat Jahan, Sadiq Naveed
About 3.5% Americans identify themselves as lesbian, gay, or bisexual while 0.3% identify themselves as transgender. The LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community belongs to almost every race, ethnicity, religion, age, and socioeconomic group. The LGBT youth are at a higher risk for substance use, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), cancers, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, bullying, isolation, rejection, anxiety, depression, and suicide as compared to the general population. LGBT youth receive poor quality of care due to stigma, lack of healthcare providers' awareness, and insensitivity to the unique needs of this community...
April 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608795/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-2-us-cities-2012-2014
#20
Pamina M Gorbach, Ryan Cook, Beau Gratzer, Thomas Collins, Adam Parrish, Janell Moore, Peter R Kerndt, Richard A Crosby, Lauri E Markowitz, Elissa Meites
BACKGROUND: Since 2011, in the United States, quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has been recommended for boys aged 11 to 12 years, men through age 21, and men who have sex with men (MSM) through age 26. We assessed HPV vaccination coverage and factors associated with vaccination among young MSM (YMSM) and transgender women (TGW) in 2 cities. METHODS: During 2012-2014, 808 YMSM and TGW aged 18 to 26 years reported vaccination status in a self-administered computerized questionnaire at 3 sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in Los Angeles and Chicago...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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