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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444057/determinant-factors-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-std-aids-and-viral-hepatitis-among-youths-aged-18-to-29-years-in-brazil
#1
Miguel Barbosa Fontes, Rodrigo Campos Crivelaro, Alice Margini Scartezini, David Duarte Lima, Alexandre de Araújo Garcia, Rafael Tsuyoshi Fujioka
The scope of this study was to evaluate the vulnerability of Brazilian youths to STDs/HIV&AIDS and Viral Hepatitis. Interviews were conducted with 1,208 youths aged 18 to 29 in 15 states and the Federal District. The regional and national adjusted margin of error of the research was 2.8%. The study was approved by the School of Medicine of Brasilia University with support from PAHO and the Ministry of Health. A scale with 35 questions (knowledge, attitudes and practices) was the main dependent variable. Adjusted linear regression models identified the demographic and social determinant factors that explain scale variations...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442801/treatment-outcomes-and-loss-to-follow-up-rate-of-male-patients-with-gonococcal-and-nongonococcal-urethritis-who-attended-the-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic-an-8-year-retrospective-study
#2
Charussri Leeyaphan, Sukhum Jiamton, Pattriya Chanyachailert, Theetat Surawan, Viboon Omcharoen
BACKGROUND: Poor follow-up compliance of patients with infectious urethritis is a recognized and serious public health problem in Thailand. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine treatment outcomes and loss to follow-up rate of male patients with gonococcal urethritis (GU) and non-GU (NGU) at a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic at Thailand's tertiary hospital. METHODS: This retrospective chart review of male patients who sought treatment at STDs Clinic, Siriraj Hospital, and who were diagnosed with GU and/or NGU was conducted during January 2007 to December 2014 study period...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438144/development-and-effectiveness-of-a-mobile-phone-application-conducting-health-behavioral-intervention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#3
Jin Yan, Aidi Zhang, Liang Zhou, Zhulin Huang, Pan Zhang, Guoli Yang
BACKGROUND: Behavioral intervention is a key approach to HIV prevention among men who have sex with men (MSM). Widespread use of mobile phones provide us with novel opportunities to decrease HIV infection and transmission of MSM. The objective of the study was to design and develop a mobile phone application (app) aims to conduct behavioral intervention to MSM and to evaluate the efficacy of the app-based intervention compared to usual care, to analyze cost-effectiveness and mechanism of the intervention...
April 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406807/community-level-hiv-stigma-as-a-driver-for-hiv-transmission-risk-behaviors-and-sexually-transmitted-diseases-in-sierra-leone-a-population-based-study
#4
J Daniel Kelly, Michael J Reid, Maureen Lahiff, Alexander C Tsai, Sheri D Weiser
INTRODUCTION: While HIV stigma has been identified as an important risk factor for HIV transmission risk behaviors, little is known about the contribution of community-level HIV stigma to HIV transmission risk behaviors and self-reported sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), or how gender may modify associations. METHODS: We pooled data from the 2008 and 2013 Sierra Leone DHS. For HIV stigma, we examined HIV stigmatizing attitudes and HIV disclosure concerns at both individual and community levels...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396556/pregnancy-outcomes-in-association-with-stds-including-genital-hsv-2-shedding-in-a-south-african-cohort-study
#5
Dhayendre Moodley, Benn Sartorius, Savithree Madurai, Vani Chetty, Suzanne Maman
OBJECTIVES: Genital herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) shedding in pregnant women in association with neonatal herpes infection has been widely studied but there is limited evidence of its association with pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, we included a subgroup of pregnant women who were enrolled in a randomized control behavioural intervention study that was conducted in South Africa in 2008-2010. In pregnancy, women had a HIV rapid test done and a genital swab taken to test for curable STIs and HSV-2 DNA...
April 10, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384128/hiv-services-provided-by-std-programs-in-state-and-local-health-departments-united-states-2013-2014
#6
Kendra M Cuffe, Precious Esie, Jami S Leichliter, Thomas L Gift
The incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States is higher among persons with other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and the incidence of other STDs is increased among persons with HIV infection (1). Because infection with an STD increases the risk for HIV acquisition and transmission (1-4), successfully treating STDs might help reduce the spread of HIV among persons at high risk (1-4). Because health department STD programs provide services to populations who are at risk for HIV, ensuring service integration and coordination could potentially reduce the incidence of STDs and HIV...
April 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338084/late-neurosyphilis-and-tertiary-syphilis-in-guangdong-province-china-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Weiming Tang, Shujie Huang, Lei Chen, Ligang Yang, Joseph D Tucker, Heping Zheng, Bin Yang
Due to challenges in diagnosis and the need for complex laboratory tests, misdiagnosis of neurosyphilis and tertiary syphilis is common in China. We validated the diagnosis and examined the treatment of late neurosyphilis and tertiary syphilis in Guangdong Province, China. A cross-sectional study was conducted to collect data from late neurosyphilis and tertiary syphilis cases reported between 2009 and 2014 in Guangdong, China. Descriptive analysis, bivariate analyses and multiple logistic regressions were performed to determine the structural factors associated with correct diagnosis and standard treatment of late neurosyphilis and tertiary syphilis...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280391/sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-female-commercial-sex-workers-in-finote-selam-town-northwest-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#8
Zelalem Alamrew Anteneh, Yirdaw Amare Agumas, Molalign Tarekegn
BACKGROUND: Female commercial sex workers (FCSWs) are considered a high-risk group for acquiring sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), yet the reported prevalence varies in studies around the world. The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude and associated factors of STDs among female sex workers. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among female sex workers in Finote Selam town. A total of 389 sex workers were studied using census method...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277350/vaginal-microbiome-and-its-relationship-to-behavior-sexual-health-and-sexually-transmitted-diseases
#9
Felicia M T Lewis, Kyle T Bernstein, Sevgi O Aral
The vaginal microbiota has great significance in maintaining vaginal health and protecting the host from disease. Recent advances in molecular techniques and informatics allow researchers to explore microbial composition in detail and to compare the structure of vaginal microbial communities with behavior and health outcomes, particularly acquisition and transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and poor birth outcomes. Vaginal flora have been found to cluster into a limited number of communities, although community structure is dynamic...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274028/ano-genital-warts-and-hiv-status-a-clinical-study
#10
Shashikant Balakrishana Dhumale, Shimpa Sharma, Arvind Gulbake
INTRODUCTION: Ano-Genital Warts (AGW) like other Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) is associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. This study of AGW was done in HIV positive and HIV negative patients. AIM: To study the risk factors and clinical presentations of ano-genital warts in HIV positive and negative patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comparative, cross-sectional, descriptive study of 25 HIV positive and 25 HIV negative (n=50) AGW patients between 15-60 years of both sex was conducted in Dr...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271987/far-from-over-stds-have-made-a-comeback
#11
Susan Ladika
Not too long ago, rates for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the United States were at historic lows. Now they are at record highs, and many experts fear they will continue to climb because of meager funding of public health clinics and diminished sex education in schools.
February 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260751/sexual-lifestyle-risk-factors-and-socioeconomic-status-of-the-std-patients-in-bangladesh
#12
A K Nandi, K J Hossain, A S Islam
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are increasing alarmingly with time among the young-adults in Bangladesh. The objective of the study was to investigate Sexual lifestyle, Risk Factors and Socioeconomic Status of the STD Patients. A total of 205 STD patients were selected following convenient method of sampling consistent with defined selection criteria from outpatient department of Skin and Venereal Disease of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh. Period of data collection was from July 2014 to June 2015...
January 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260245/sexuality-and-hiv-education-in-charter-schools-an-exploratory-study-with-principals-in-san-diego-county-california
#13
Eric R Walsh-Buhi, Brandon Dao, Linda Salgin, James Marshall, Rachel Miller, Doug Fisher, Margaret Walsh-Buhi
BACKGROUND: Schools can address critical sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues among youth. However, little is known about SRH education being implemented in charter schools. Thus, our purpose was to explore implementation of SRH education in charter schools. METHODS: Using purposive sampling, semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with 20 charter school principals in San Diego County, California. Questions were guided by the Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Public Secondary School Principals...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231664/-cross-sectional-surveys-on-the-use-of-recreational-drug-nitrous-acid-ester-rush-poppers-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-nanjing
#14
Z P Zhu, M Zhang, Y Y Xu, W J Xu, L Liu, S S Wu, L Guo, X Li
Objective: To investigate the situation of recreational drug nitrous acid ester inhaler-rush poppers use in men who have sex with men (MSM). Methods: From April to June in 2014, October to December in 2014, April to June in 2015, three round cross-sectional surveys were conducted in MSM recruited in Nanjing by means of serum test and questionnaire survey. Results: Of the 1 721 MSM surveyed in three round, 19.3% (332/1 721) had ever used rush poppers, the proportions of MSM who used rush poppers in three round surveys showed an increasing trend (liner by liner χ(2)= 14...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217614/somatic-symptoms-after-sexual-behavior-with-fear-of-four-sexually-transmitted-diseases-a-proposal-of-novel-disorder
#15
Kentaro Iwata, Yoshiaki Katsuda
Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) often leads to frequent doctor visit not only to psychiatrists but also to various kinds of physicians. We encountered four cases of SSD, particularly associated with sexual intercourse and fear of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). To best of our knowledge, there is no independent clinical entity assigned to this phenomenon. Here, we propose a variation of SSD called four STD as an independent clinical entity since the presentation of this disorder is very distinctive, and lack of awareness of it may lead to unnecessary laboratory workup and antimicrobial prescription as well as augmented anxiety of the patients with potential "doctor shopping...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208724/assessing-the-knowledge-level-attitudes-risky-behaviors-and-preventive-practices-on-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-university-students-as-future-healthcare-providers-in-the-central-zone-of-malaysia-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Adigun Temiloluwa Folasayo, Afolayan John Oluwasegun, Suhailah Samsudin, Siti Nor Sakinah Saudi, Malina Osman, Rukman Awang Hamat
This study was done to assess the knowledge, attitudes, risky behaviors and preventive practices related to sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) among health and non-health sciences university students as future healthcare providers in Malaysia. A total of 700 health and non-health sciences university students (255 male; 445 female) aged between 17 and 30 years were surveyed by using a self-administered questionnaire. The majority (86.6%) had heard of STDs, and 50.4% knew STDs could present without symptoms...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166759/sexual-health-status-of-women-who-have-regular-sexual-relations-with-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-mainland-china
#17
Xiufang Li, Beichuan Zhang, Juan Wang, Yang Li, Xianhong Li, Peiheng Yu, Minghua Liu, Xinqiao Liu
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a high-risk group for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. In China, the vast majority of MSM feel forced to marry or plan to marry women, according to traditional Chinese culture. Women who have regular sexual relations with MSM, called tongqi in mainland China, live with a high risk of STDs or HIV infection, but these risks are often ignored. Our investigation of this group of the women is a preliminary study that aims to understand the sexual health problems of tongqi and related factors...
February 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146047/similarities-and-differences-matter-considering-the-influence-of-gender-on-hiv-prevention-programs-for-young-adults-in-an-urban-hbcu
#18
Ian Lindong, Lorece Edwards, Sabriya Dennis, Olaoluwa Fajobi
Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) disproportionately burdens African American youth and young adults. In studies conducted in Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) settings, African American youth generally perceive themselves as having a low risk of contracting HIV and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) despite having higher rates of unprotected sexual encounters, multiple sex partners, and particularly low rates of HIV testing and awareness of HIV status...
January 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145800/hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-disease-testing-behavior-among-adolescent-sexual-minority-males-analysis-of-pooled-youth-risk-behavior-survey-data-2005-2013
#19
Akshay Sharma, Li Yan Wang, Richard Dunville, Rachel K Valencia, Eli S Rosenberg, Patrick S Sullivan
PURPOSE: Adolescent sexual minority males (ASMM) comprise a high-risk group that may benefit from expanded human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention services. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HIV and STD testing among ASMM from pooled high school Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBSs). METHODS: Data came from 26 YRBSs from 2005 to 2013, which included questions on sexual identity and/or sex of sexual contacts and questions on ever being tested for HIV and/or STDs...
April 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
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