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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790923/missed-opportunities-to-prescribe-preexposure-prophylaxis-in-south-carolina-2013-2016
#1
Dawn K Smith, Man-Huei Chang, Wayne A Duffus, Stella Okoye, Sharon Weissman
Introduction: Expanding use of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in ways that address current racial/ethnic disparities is an important HIV prevention goal. We investigated missed opportunities to provide PrEP during healthcare visits occurring prior to HIV infection. Methods: This retrospective cohort study linked South Carolina HIV case surveillance data to 3 statewide healthcare databases. Characteristics of patients, health care visits and providers, sexually transmitted diseases (STD), and other diagnoses, were assessed for medical encounters occurring before an initial HIV diagnosis...
May 22, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757688/the-self-perception-of-text-message-dependency-scale-stds-psychometric-update-based-on-a-united-states-sample
#2
Bruce S Liese, Erik M Benau, Paul Atchley, Derek Reed, Amel Becirevic, Brent Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Some have suggested that text messaging is an addictive behavior. However, this characterization is uncertain, partly due to lack of well-validated measures of text messaging attitudes and behaviors. One standard instrument for measuring text messaging attitudes and behaviors is the Self-perception of Text-message Dependency Scale (STDS), though the psychometric properties of this scale have only been examined with a sample of Japanese youth. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the STDS in the United States to determine its utility as a measure of text messaging dependence...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750552/correction-to-aids-patient-care-and-stds-2016-30-221-228-doi-10-1089-apc-2015-0333
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719334/knowledge-and-attitude-about-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-youth-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Hossam S El-Tholoth, Fahad D Alqahtani, Abdullah A Aljabri, Khalid H Alfaryan, Fares Alharbi, Albaraa A Alhowaimil, Ali Alkharji, Abdulrahman Alrwaily, Ali Obied, Tala Al-Afraa
Background: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are one of the most serious diseases in the world. Our aim was to explore the knowledge and attitude about STDs among the youth. Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted from August 1 to August 13, 2016. Male and female youth between 18 and 25 years were invited to participate in the survey using social media open to all Internet users consisting of questions and statements about STDs, and then the data were analyzed...
April 2018: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673885/optimizing-the-impact-of-alcohol-and-drug-screening-and-early-intervention-in-a-high-risk-population-receiving-services-in-new-york-city-sexual-health-clinics-a-process-and-outcome-evaluation-of-project-renew
#5
B R Harris, J Yu, M Wolff, M Rogers, S Blank
Unhealthy substance use is associated with increased rates of STDs, including HIV. Within three high-risk New York City (NYC) sexual health clinics between 2008 and 2012 (n = 146,657), 17% of patients screened positive for a current SUD but only 5.3% ever received prior treatment. The goal of Project Renew was to expand the reach of substance use early intervention services within and across sexual health clinics citywide and decrease substance use, poor mental health, and risky sexual behavior. To accomplish this goal, Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT), an evidence-based substance use early intervention model, was implemented in all eight NYC sexual health clinics February 2012-January 2015...
April 16, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652094/from-in-vivo-to-in-vitro-how-the-guatemala-std-experiments-transformed-bodies-into-biospecimens
#6
Kayte Spector-Bagdady, Paul A Lombardo
Policy Points: While most scholarship regarding the US Public Health Service's STD experiments in Guatemala during the 1940s has focused on the intentional exposure experiments, secondary research was also conducted on biospecimens collected from these subjects. These biospecimen experiments continued after the Guatemala grant ended, and the specimens were used in conjunction with those from the Tuskegee syphilis experiments for ongoing research. We argue there should be a public accounting of whether there are still biospecimens from the Guatemala and Tuskegee experiments held in US government biorepositories today...
April 13, 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624561/recent-changes-in-prevention-funding-to-areas-with-high-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-sexually-transmitted-disease-rates
#7
Austin Williams, Harrell Chesson
We examined changes in federal STD funding allocations to areas with high racial/ethnic disparities in STDs following the implementation of a funding formula in 2014. The funding formula increased prevention funding allocations to areas with high relative racial/ethnic disparities. Results were mixed for areas with high absolute disparities.
April 5, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616284/-urology-and-alternative-medicine-1900-1970
#8
REVIEW
F G Mildenberger
Disorders of the lower abdomen were often associated with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or related conditions. The urological diagnostic workup and treatment was based on the idea that technical devices and objective scientific examination methods would lead to targeted success. The fact that illnesses such as urinary retention, urinary incontinence, urge incontinence, orchitis or urethritis often implicated psychosomatic complications and had a possibly far more important impact on sexual life did not play a role in the early years of urology...
April 3, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584743/partner-notification-outcomes-after-integration-of-an-on-site-disease-intervention-specialist-at-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic
#9
Alec Tributino, Madeline C Montgomery, Thomas Bertrand, Theodore Marak, Alexi Almonte, Jacob van den Berg, Kristen St John, Carol Browning, Martha M Medina, Ashley Morse, Philip A Chan
BACKGROUND: Partner notification services (PNS) are highly effective in reducing transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). We assessed outcomes of PNS before and after integration of an on-site disease intervention specialist (DIS) at a publicly-funded STD clinic. METHODS: From August 2014 to December 2015, patients testing positive for infectious syphilis or gonorrhea at the Rhode Island STD Clinic were referred to on-site DIS for partner notification...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567633/web-2-0-tools-in-the-prevention-of-curable-sexually-transmitted-diseases-scoping-review
#10
REVIEW
María Sanz-Lorente, Carmina Wanden-Berghe, Ramón Castejón-Bolea, Javier Sanz-Valero
BACKGROUND: The internet is now the primary source of information that young people use to get information on issues related to sex, contraception, and sexually transmitted infections. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the research was to review the scientific literature related to the use of Web 2.0 tools as opposed to other strategies in the prevention of curable sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). METHODS: A scoping review was performed on the documentation indexed in the bibliographic databases MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science, Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud, PsycINFO, Educational Resources Information Center, the databases of Centro Superior de Investigaciones Científicas in Spain, and the Índice Bibliográfico Español de Ciencias de la Salud from the first available date according to the characteristics of each database until April 2017...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564244/prevalence-of-mycoplasma-genitalium-and-other-sexually-transmitted-pathogens-among-high-risk-individuals-in-greece
#11
Paraskevi Chra, Joseph Papaparaskevas, Eleni Papadogeorgaki, George Panos, Michalis Leontsinidis, George Arsenis, Athanassios Tsakris
Background: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) infection among individuals at high risk for sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) at a major urban STD clinic in Athens, in view of the lack of data pertaining to this infection in Greece. Methods: Urethral and cervical samples from 176 individuals consecutively attending the clinic and agreeing to participate were prospectively collected and tested for MG infection using conventional PCR and TaqMan Real-Time PCR...
March 2018: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549065/defining-care-patterns-and-outcomes-among-persons-living-with-hiv-in-washington-dc-linkage-of-clinical-cohort-and-surveillance-data
#12
Amanda D Castel, Arpi Terzian, Jenevieve Opoku, Lindsey Powers Happ, Naji Younes, Michael Kharfen, Alan Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Triangulation of data from multiple sources such as clinical cohort and surveillance data can help improve our ability to describe care patterns, service utilization, comorbidities, and ultimately measure and monitor clinical outcomes among persons living with HIV infection. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine whether linkage of clinical cohort data and routinely collected HIV surveillance data would enhance the completeness and accuracy of each database and improve the understanding of care patterns and clinical outcomes...
March 16, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525797/hepatitis-a-outbreak-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-brescia-northern-italy-july-2016-july-2017
#13
Agnese Comelli, Ilaria Izzo, Salvatore Casari, Angiola Spinetti, Alberto Bergamasco, Francesco Castelli
Since June 2016, an outbreak of hepatitis A has been reported in Europe. Here we report the HAV outbreak in Brescia (Northern Italy) from July 2016 to July 2017. We actively recorded all HAV cases defined by detection of HAV IgM antibodies in serum. Data on sexual behaviour, travel attitudes, concomitant sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), clinical presentation and laboratory results were collected. Forty-two confirmed cases were recorded: 25 (60%) were MSM and reported sexual contact at risk of STDs. Compared to 2015 and the first half of 2016, when only three hepatitis A cases were recorded, in the 12 months in question the number of cases rose 14-fold...
March 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517420/identification-and-quantification-of-human-microcirculatory-leukocytes-using-handheld-video-microscopes-at-the-bedside
#14
Zühre Uz, Thomas M van Gulik, Mehtap Derya Aydemirli, Philippe Guerci, Yasin Ince, Diede V Cuppen, Bulent Ergin, Ugur Aksu, Bas A de Mol, Can Ince
Leukocyte recruitment and adhesion to the endothelium are hallmarks of systemic inflammation that manifest in a wide range of diseases. At present, no method is available to directly measure leukocyte kinetics at the bedside. In this study, we validate a new method to identify and quantify microcirculatory leukocytes observed by handheld vital microscopy (HVM) using space-time diagram (STD) analysis. Video clips (N=59) containing one capillary-post capillary venule (C-PCV) unit where leukocytes could be observed emanating from a capillary into a venule in cardiac surgery patients (N=20) were included...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503286/social-support-networks-an-underutilized-resource-for-the-prevention-of-hiv-and-other-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-hispanic-latino-migrants-and-immigrants
#15
Thomas M Painter
Hispanic/Latino migrants and immigrants are vulnerable to infection by HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Participation in social support networks helps them cope with circumstances in the U.S. Studies of Hispanic/Latino migrants suggest that participation may also be protective against HIV/STD infection. However the studies do not satisfactorily explain how participation leads to protective actions, and recommend externally-induced interventions for HIV/STD prevention rather than incorporating the spontaneously occurring forms of social support they describe...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488587/-prevalence-of-hiv-hepatitis-b-virus-and-treponema-pallidum-in-inmates-in-the-preventive-detention-center-of-arica-chile
#16
Celia Bórquez, Ismelda Lobato, Paola Gazmuri, Romina Hurtado, Valerie Llanqui, Mauricio Vivanco, Teresa Reyes, Hilda Villanueva, Katherine Salgado, M Angélica Martínez, Juan Vega
BACKGROUND: The risk groups for sexual transmitted diseases (STDs) are sex workers, drug addicts, young people in early sexual initiation, and population in prison. AIM: To determine the prevalence of HIV, Treponema pallidum and hepatitis B Virus (HBV) in male inmates at the Preventive Detention Center (CDP) of Arica. METHODS: The study was conducted in 140 inmates, with informed consent. Epidemiological survey and blood sampling was conducted...
October 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478091/2016-prep-attitudes-in-germany-high-awareness-and-acceptance-in-msm-at-risk-of-hiv
#17
Christoph D Spinner, Nikola Hanhoff, Ivanka Krznaric, Gaby Knecht, Tim Kuemmerle, Robin Ruesenberg, Knud Schewe
PRUPOSE: To examine current risk behavior, awareness, experience, and attitudes towards pre-exposure-prophylaxis (PrEP), and to estimate a potential impact on the prevention of HIV transmission among HIV-negative MSM in Germany. PrEP was not officially licensed at the time of survey. METHODS: Web-based questionnaire from 03-06/2016. Potential participants were informed through social media, flyers, and advertisements. Risk contacts were defined as unprotected sexual intercourse under the influence of recreational drugs in the past 6 months...
February 24, 2018: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465663/a-network-analysis-of-sexually-transmitted-diseases-and-online-hookup-sites-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#18
Philip A Chan, Christina Crowley, Jennifer S Rose, Trace Kershaw, Alec Tributino, Madeline C Montgomery, Alexi Almonte, Julia Raifman, Rupa Patel, Amy Nunn
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are increasing among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM). Little is known about the use of websites and mobile phone applications to meet sexual partners ("hookup sites") and association with STD diagnoses. METHODS: We performed a demographic and behavioral assessment of 415 MSM presenting to the Rhode Island STD clinic. Bivariate and multivariable analyses assessed associations between using hook up sites and testing positive for syphilis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia...
January 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450102/what-is-known-about-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-latin-american-and-caribbean-mining-contexts-a-systematic-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
Jose Wilches-Gutierrez, Patricia Documet
Background: Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) has experienced an unprecedented mining boom since the mid-2000s with unknown effects on sexual and reproductive health (SRH). This study takes the essential first steps of summarizing the available literature regarding SRH in mining contexts in LAC, identifying critical gaps in knowledge, and discussing main implications for future research. Methods: We conducted a scoping review with a systematic search of health literature in four databases, reference lists of selected papers, and citations in Google Scholar...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431903/intimate-partner-violence-sexual-autonomy-and-postpartum-std-prevention-among-young-couples-a-mediation-analysis
#20
Tiara C Willie, Tamora A Callands, Trace S Kershaw
CONTEXT: The transition to parenthood is a stressful time for young couples and can put them at risk for acquiring STDs. Mechanisms underlying this risk-particularly, intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual autonomy-have not been well studied. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2011, a prospective cohort study of the relationships and health of pregnant adolescents and their male partners recruited 296 couples at four hospital-based obstetrics and gynecology clinics in the U...
March 2018: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
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