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Amanda D Castel, Arpi Terzian, Jenevieve Opoku, Lindsey Powers Happ, Naji Younes, Michael Kharfen, Alan Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Triangulation of data from multiple sources such as clinical cohort and surveillance data can help improve our ability to describe care patterns, service utilization, comorbidities, and ultimately measure and monitor clinical outcomes among persons living with HIV infection. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine whether linkage of clinical cohort data and routinely collected HIV surveillance data would enhance the completeness and accuracy of each database and improve the understanding of care patterns and clinical outcomes...
March 16, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Agnese Comelli, Ilaria Izzo, Salvatore Casari, Angiola Spinetti, Alberto Bergamasco, Francesco Castelli
Since June 2016, an outbreak of hepatitis A has been reported in Europe. Here we report the HAV outbreak in Brescia (Northern Italy) from July 2016 to July 2017. We actively recorded all HAV cases defined by detection of HAV IgM antibodies in serum. Data on sexual behaviour, travel attitudes, concomitant sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), clinical presentation and laboratory results were collected. Forty-two confirmed cases were recorded: 25 (60%) were MSM and reported sexual contact at risk of STDs. Compared to 2015 and the first half of 2016, when only three hepatitis A cases were recorded, in the 12 months in question the number of cases rose 14-fold...
March 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Zühre Uz, Thomas M van Gulik, Mehtap Derya Aydemirli, Philippe Guerci, Yasin Ince, Diede V Cuppen, Bulent Ergin, Ugur Aksu, Bas A de Mol, Can Ince
Leukocyte recruitment and adhesion to the endothelium are hallmarks of systemic inflammation that manifest in a wide range of diseases. At present, no method is available to directly measure leukocyte kinetics at the bedside. In this study, we validate a new method to identify and quantify microcirculatory leukocytes observed by handheld vital microscopy (HVM) using space-time diagram (STD) analysis. Video clips (N=59) containing one capillary-post capillary venule (C-PCV) unit where leukocytes could be observed emanating from a capillary into a venule in cardiac surgery patients (N=20) were included...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
Thomas M Painter
Hispanic/Latino migrants and immigrants are vulnerable to infection by HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Participation in social support networks helps them cope with circumstances in the U.S. Studies of Hispanic/Latino migrants suggest that participation may also be protective against HIV/STD infection. However the studies do not satisfactorily explain how participation leads to protective actions, and recommend externally-induced interventions for HIV/STD prevention rather than incorporating the spontaneously occurring forms of social support they describe...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Celia Bórquez, Ismelda Lobato, Paola Gazmuri, Romina Hurtado, Valerie Llanqui, Mauricio Vivanco, Teresa Reyes, Hilda Villanueva, Katherine Salgado, M Angélica Martínez, Juan Vega
BACKGROUND: The risk groups for sexual transmitted diseases (STDs) are sex workers, drug addicts, young people in early sexual initiation, and population in prison. AIM: To determine the prevalence of HIV, Treponema pallidum and hepatitis B Virus (HBV) in male inmates at the Preventive Detention Center (CDP) of Arica. METHODS: The study was conducted in 140 inmates, with informed consent. Epidemiological survey and blood sampling was conducted...
October 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Christoph D Spinner, Nikola Hanhoff, Ivanka Krznaric, Gaby Knecht, Tim Kuemmerle, Robin Ruesenberg, Knud Schewe
PRUPOSE: To examine current risk behavior, awareness, experience, and attitudes towards pre-exposure-prophylaxis (PrEP), and to estimate a potential impact on the prevention of HIV transmission among HIV-negative MSM in Germany. PrEP was not officially licensed at the time of survey. METHODS: Web-based questionnaire from 03-06/2016. Potential participants were informed through social media, flyers, and advertisements. Risk contacts were defined as unprotected sexual intercourse under the influence of recreational drugs in the past 6 months...
February 24, 2018: Infection
Philip A Chan, Christina Crowley, Jennifer S Rose, Trace Kershaw, Alec Tributino, Madeline C Montgomery, Alexi Almonte, Julia Raifman, Rupa Patel, Amy Nunn
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are increasing among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM). Little is known about the use of websites and mobile phone applications to meet sexual partners ("hookup sites") and association with STD diagnoses. METHODS: We performed a demographic and behavioral assessment of 415 MSM presenting to the Rhode Island STD clinic. Bivariate and multivariable analyses assessed associations between using hook up sites and testing positive for syphilis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia...
January 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Jose Wilches-Gutierrez, Patricia Documet
Background: Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) has experienced an unprecedented mining boom since the mid-2000s with unknown effects on sexual and reproductive health (SRH). This study takes the essential first steps of summarizing the available literature regarding SRH in mining contexts in LAC, identifying critical gaps in knowledge, and discussing main implications for future research. Methods: We conducted a scoping review with a systematic search of health literature in four databases, reference lists of selected papers, and citations in Google Scholar...
2018: Public Health Reviews
Tiara C Willie, Tamora A Callands, Trace S Kershaw
CONTEXT: The transition to parenthood is a stressful time for young couples and can put them at risk for acquiring STDs. Mechanisms underlying this risk-particularly, intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual autonomy-have not been well studied. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2011, a prospective cohort study of the relationships and health of pregnant adolescents and their male partners recruited 296 couples at four hospital-based obstetrics and gynecology clinics in the U...
February 12, 2018: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Julian Storim, Jens Verheyen, Eva Wolff, Jeremias Wohlschlaeger, Evelyn Heintschel von Heinegg, Dirk Schadendorf, Stefan Esser
OBJECTIVES: Rectal infections with Chlamydia trachomatis and/or Neisseria gonorrhoeae (CT/NG) are common in men who have sex with men (MSM) and are linked to HIV transmission. However, rectal CT/NG infections are often asymptomatic and it is not known how they contribute to HIV transmission. We assessed clinical and cytological signs of inflammation as well as rectal HIV-RNA in HIV-infected MSM with and without CT/NG infection. METHODS: 112 HIV-positive MSM with or without rectal symptoms and with or without antiretroviral therapy who underwent high-resolution anoscopy (HRA) at the proctological outpatient centre of the University Hospital Essen, Germany, between November 2013 and February 2014 were included in this cross-sectional study...
February 3, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Charnetta L Williams, Leslie L Harrison, Eloisa Llata, Ruben A Smith, Elissa Meites
Introduction Screening for specific sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) during pregnancy has been a longstanding public health recommendation. Prior studies have described associations between these infections and socioeconomic factors such as race/ethnicity and education. Objectives We evaluated the prevalence of STDs and the correlation socioeconomic factors have with the presence of these infections among pregnant women in the United States. Methods We conducted an analysis using self-reported data from 12,948 recently pregnant women from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) in 5 states during 2009-2011...
February 7, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Lacey J Ritter, Koji Ueno
OBJECTIVE: This study examines difference in sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevalence between sexual minority and heterosexual older adults using lifetime experience of same-sex contact (SSC) as a measure of sexual orientation. METHOD: Data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project ( N = 2,519) are analyzed using negative binomial regression and propensity matching models to test for differences in average STD counts by sexual orientation. RESULTS: Older adults who report any SSC have higher lifetime counts of STDs...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Louis Jacob, Franziska Böhler, Matthias Kalder, Karel Kostev
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in gynecological practices in Germany. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included women who were followed in gynecological practices in Germany between 2013 and 2015. The first outcome was the prevalence of women diagnosed with STDs during this time period. Eight different types of STD infections were included in the analysis: chlamydial infection, gonococcal infection, anogenital warts, anogenital herpes infection, trichomoniasis, ulcus molle, phthiriasis, and syphilis...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Jeffrey S Simons, Raluca M Simons, Stephen A Maisto, Austin M Hahn, Kyle J Walters
We tested within-person effects of alcohol on sexual behavior among young adults in a longitudinal burst design (N = 213, 6,487 days) using data collected from a previously published parent study. We differentiated effects of alcohol on likelihood of sexual activity versus use of protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or pregnancy on intercourse occasions by testing a multilevel multinomial model with 4 outcomes (no sex, oral sex without intercourse, protected intercourse, and unprotected intercourse)...
February 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Sarah Magaziner, Madeline C Montgomery, Thomas Bertrand, Daniel Daltry, Heidi Jenkins, Brenda Kendall, Lauren Molotnikov, Lindsay Pierce, Emer Smith, Lynn Sosa, Jacob J van den Berg, Theodore Marak, Don Operario, Philip A Chan
BACKGROUND: Partner notification services (PNS) are recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a public health intervention for addressing the spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Barriers and facilitators to the partner notification process from a public health perspective have not been well described. METHODS: In 2015, a coalition of New England public health STD directors and investigators formed to address the increasing STD prevalence across the region (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont) and to promote communication between state STD programs...
January 31, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Ali Jafari, Nathanael Buswell, Maysam Ghovanloo, Tinoosh Mohsenin
This paper presents a low-power stand-alone tongue drive system (sTDS) used for individuals with severe disabilities to potentially control their environment such as computer, smartphone, and wheelchair using their voluntary tongue movements. A low-power local processor is proposed, which can perform signal processing to convert raw magnetic sensor signals to user-defined commands, on the sTDS wearable headset, rather than sending all raw data out to a PC or smartphone. The proposed sTDS significantly reduces the transmitter power consumption and subsequently increases the battery life...
February 2018: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
Ju Hwan Seo, Joon Woo Lee, Daemyeong Cho
Background: The molecular diagnostics market can be broadly divided into PCR (rt-PCR, d-PCR), NGS(Next Generation Sequencing), Microarray, FISH(Fluorescent in situ-hybridization) and other categories, based on the diagnostic technique. Also, depending on the disease being diagnosed, the market can also be divided into cancer, infectious diseases, HIV/STDs (herpes, syphilis), and women's health issues such as breast cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, HPV(human papillomavirus), and vaginitis...
2018: Biomaterials Research
Di Fang, Renyuan Sun, Jeffrey R Wilson
Recent advances in statistical methods enable the study of correlation among outcomes through joint modeling, thereby addressing spillover effects. By joint modeling, we refer to simultaneously analyzing two or more different response variables emanating from the same individual. Using the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, we jointly address spillover effects between contraceptive use (CUC) and knowledge of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. Jointly modeling these two outcomes is appropriate because certain types of contraceptive use contribute to the prevention of HIV and STDs and the knowledge and awareness of HIV and STDs typically lead to protection during sexual intercourse...
2018: PloS One
W St J Taylor, J Cobley, W Mahmalji
Symptomatic hydroceles are commonly treated with surgical repair. They are associated with sexual dysfunction in the aging male. Patients who are not fit for surgery often undergo aspiration and sclerotherapy of the hydrocele. There is a range of sclerosing agents used in the literature. I performed a literature search to assess whether one sclerosant was better than the others. STDS is the sclerosing agent with the best cure rate after a single injection and low side effect rates. The cure rates of sodium tetradecyl sulphate (STDS) after a single aspiration and injection were 76%...
January 16, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
Samantha P Williams, Ranell L Myles, Charles C Sperling, Delicia Carey
Incarceration history can affect sexual health behaviors. A randomized controlled trial of a prevention intervention tailored for post-incarcerated men was administered in a reentry setting. Men ≤45 days post release were recruited into a five-session intervention study. Participants ( N = 255) were assessed and tested for three sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV at baseline and 3 months post-intervention and followed up for 3 more months. The intervention group's STD risks knowledge ( p < .001), partner communication about condoms ( p < ...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
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