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Zohreh Momeni, Javid Sadraei, Bahram Kazemi, Abdolhossein Dalimi
Infection with Trichomonas vaginalis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in humans. The prevalence of infection in Iran has been reported 0.009-8 % depending on deferent socio-cultural conditions. This study aimed to determine the frequency of T. vaginalis according to age in patients referred to clinics, hospitals and medical diagnostic laboratories in Karaj city, Iran. For this purpose, fifty positive samples were collected from July 2012 to June 2014 from clinics, medical diagnostic laboratories and hospitals, then transferred to laboratory of parasitology and cultured in TYM medium...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Lin Qu, Wenrui Wang, Yongming Gao, Jingyuan Yang, Jijiang Dai, Dawei Wang, Bo Tao
BACKGROUND: Little research has been conducted on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic and the sexual intercourse habits of men who have sex with men (MSM) in crowded places, both locally and abroad. This study conducted a survey of MSM in different locales of Inner Mongolia to provide a reference for developing strategies or measures to prevent and control HIV among this understudied population. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of men aged 18 years and older at different venues popular among MSM in Inner Mongolia...
November 15, 2016: BMC Public Health
Amy K Johnson, Tarek Mikati, Supriya D Mehta
US surveillance of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) is often delayed and incomplete which creates missed opportunities to identify and respond to trends in disease. Internet search engine data has the potential to be an efficient, economical and representative enhancement to the established surveillance system. Google Trends allows the download of de-identified search engine data, which has been used to demonstrate the positive and statistically significant association between STD-related search terms and STD rates...
November 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
Fatemeh Ameli, Mahmood Amini Lari, Ardalan Feili, Payam Farhadi, Maryam Zare Saadabadi, Mohammad Ali Davarpanah, Hassan Joulaei
The aim of this study was to identify and rank factors affecting AIDS prevention using multiple attribute decision making (MADM) as well as group decision making. At first, factors affecting AIDS prevention were extracted from related literatures. Furthermore, 20 identified factors were submitted to 18 health experts and policy makers who compose a Delphi group in order to be classified and summarized. Finally, 12 factors were selected based on average and standard deviation in two rounds. Then, causal relations between the factors and their network structure were identified using DEMATEL...
August 26, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Cristina Mendes de Oliveira, José Eduardo Levi
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are the etiologic agents of cervical cancer, the unique human neoplasia that has one single necessary cause. The diversity of HPVs is well described, with 200 HPV types existing as distinct taxonomic units and each receiving an Arabic number. On a clinical basis, they are usually grouped by their site of occurrence and disease associations. Those types inhabiting the anogenital mucosa are more intensively studied and further divided into cancer-associated HPVs, which are termed 'high risk', while those linked to benign proliferative lesions are assigned as 'low risk'...
October 22, 2016: Acta Cytologica
Laura Widman, Carol E Golin, Seth M Noar, Joy Massey, Mitchell J Prinstein
This article describes the development of , an interactive web-based program designed to improve sexual communication skills and reduce the risk of HIV/STDs among adolescent girls, a population at heightened risk for negative sexual health outcomes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). Although sexual communication is a critical predictor of safer sex among teens, there are few online interventions that target these skills as a central program component. We developed ProjectHeartforGirls...
October 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
Alexandra B Balaji, Emeka Oraka, Amy M Fasula, Paula E Jayne, Monique G Carry, Jerris L Raiford
Adolescents need information about sex-related topics in order to reduce risk behavior and engage in healthy sexual decision-making. Parents have the potential to be an important source of this information. Using the 2006-2010 and 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth, we examined associations between parent-adolescent communication before age 18 about sex-related topics and HIV testing among respondents aged 18-24 that ever had sexual intercourse (women = 3893; men = 3359). Analyses showed that for both men and women, discussing how to prevent HIV/AIDS and how to use a condom with a parent before age 18 were positively associated with HIV testing...
October 4, 2016: AIDS Care
Jesse L Clark, Amaya G Perez-Brumer, Eddy R Segura, Hector J Salvatierra, Jorge Sanchez, Javier R Lama
BACKGROUND: New strategies to support partner notification (PN) are critical for STD control and require detailed understanding of how specific individual and partnership characteristics guide notification decisions. METHODS: From 2011 to 2012, 397 MSM and TW recently diagnosed with HIV, syphilis, or another STD completed a survey on anticipated notification of recent sexual partners and associated factors. Qualitative interviews were conducted with a subset of participants to provide further depth to quantitative findings...
2016: PloS One
Nitin Joseph, Bhavishya Shetty, Fathima Hasreen, R Ishwarya, Mukesh Baniya, Sahil Sachdeva, Samarth Agarwal
BACKGROUND: In India every year, a large number of pregnancies are unplanned resulting in unsafe abortion. This has tremendous implications both on health and survival of women. Usage of emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) could be a solution provided the usage is as per guidelines and social issues do not cause objections. AIM: This study was done to assess the awareness and attitudes regarding ECPs. METHODS: Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire from the university students...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Xiaodong Ren, Xiaohong Zhang, Weiliang Xie, Keke Zhang, Yongqiang Yuan, Xingxing Li
The emergence of China's Beidou, Europe's Galileo and Russia's GLONASS satellites has multiplied the number of ionospheric piercing points (IPP) offered by GPS alone. This provides great opportunities for deriving precise global ionospheric maps (GIMs) with high resolution to improve positioning accuracy and ionospheric monitoring capabilities. In this paper, the GIM is developed based on multi-GNSS (GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou and Galileo) observations in the current multi-constellation condition. The performance and contribution of multi-GNSS for ionospheric modelling are carefully analysed and evaluated...
2016: Scientific Reports
Olga Tsachouridou, Lemonia Skoura, Eirini Christaki, Panagiotis Kollaras, Eleni Sidiropoulou, Pantelis Zebekakis, Efstratios Vakirlis, Apostolia Margariti, Symeon Metallidis
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a major public health issue in Europe. Numerous outbreaks of syphilis have been described recently and an increased prevalence of high-risk sexual practices has raised concern about the transmission of HIV and other STDs. Similarly, an increase in sexually transmitted infections has been recorded in Northern Greece. METHODS: This report describes a recent outbreak of syphilis in people living with HIV. The demographic, clinical, and serologic data of HIV patients diagnosed with syphilis were recorded and analyzed...
September 2016: Germs
Donald Gerke, Elizabeth L Budd, Kathryn Plax
OBJECTIVE: Black and lesbian, gay, bisexual, or questioning (LGBQ) youth in the United States are disproportionately affected by HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Although self-efficacy is strongly, positively associated with safer sex behaviors, no studies have examined the validity of a safer sex self-efficacy scale used by many federally funded HIV/STD prevention programs. This study aims to test factor validity of the Sexual Self-Efficacy Scale by using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to determine if scale validity varies between heterosexual and LGBQ Black youth...
2016: Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research
Celestine Patrice-Coy, Emmanuel Janagan Johnson, Cheryl Ann Sarita Boodram
This article explores information relating to female adolescents knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors toward human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Carriacou. The authors aimed at finding out whether adolescent females in Carriacou receive adequate information about HIV and other STDs. Where did students receive most of their information about HIV/STDs and whether the knowledge has influenced their sexual behaviors? Furthermore, this study focused on how female adolescents feel toward people living with HIV/STDs...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mina Rydell, Fredrik Granath, Sven Cnattingius, Anna C Svensson, Cecilia Magnusson, Maria Rosaria Galanti
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to maternal smoking has previously been linked to tobacco dependence, but confounding from genetic and early-environmental factors is of concern. The aim of this study was to clarify if maternal smoking during pregnancy may affect the onset and manifestations of tobacco dependence after taking such factors into account. METHODS: The study is based on a matched cohort of 1538 siblings discordant for prenatal exposure to maternal smoking, who participated in a survey conducted in 2010 in Sweden...
October 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Giselly Oseni Barbosa Oliveira, Luana Duarte Wanderley Cavalcante, Lorita Marlena Freitag Pagliuca, Paulo César de Almeida, Cristiana Brasil de Almeida Rebouças
OBJECTIVE: to validate an educational text in the context of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) for visually impaired persons, making it accessible to this population. METHOD: a validation study, in a virtual environment. Data collection occurred from May to September 2012 by emailing the subjects, and was composed by seven content experts about STDs. Analysis was based on the considerations of the experts about Objectives, Structure and Presentation, and Relevance...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Cassondra Marshall, Sylvia Guendelman, Jane Mauldon, Amani Nuru-Jeter
CONTEXT: Understanding how women's preferences for certain attributes of contraceptive methods relate to their method choice can inform the content of contraceptive counseling. METHODS: Data from 715 women aged 18-29 who had ever used contraceptives were drawn from the 2009 National Survey of Reproductive and Contraceptive Knowledge. Chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to examine how women's preferences for specific contraceptive attributes were related to their social and demographic characteristics and their current contraceptive choice...
September 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Jonathan Izudi, Norbert Adrawa, Dinah Amongin
Background. Little is known about precancerous cervical lesion (PCCL), the precursor of cervical cancer among Human Immunodeficiency (HIV) infected women in a postconflict setting of Northern Uganda. Objective. To establish factors associated with PCCL among HIV infected women above thirty years of age in a postconflict setting of Northern Uganda. Method. This retrospective cohort study used electronic data from 995 HIV-positive women that attended cervical cancer screening during June 2014 and December 2015...
2016: Journal of Oncology
Roumayne Fernandes Vieira Andrade, Maria Alix Leite Araújo, Maria Inês Costa Dourado, Angelica Barbosa Espinosa Miranda, Claudia Bastos da Silveira Reis
The objective of this study was to investigate factors associated with intimate partner violence after disclosing the diagnosis of sexually transmissible diseases (STDs) in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. This cross-sectional study enrolled 221 individuals treated at STD clinics. Multivariate logistic regression was performed. A total of 28.1% of individuals committed some type of intimate partner violence after disclosure of the diagnosis. Committing intimate partner violence was associated with alcohol use (OR = 2...
July 21, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
E P H Choi, J Y H Wong, D Y T Fong
The use of social networking applications (apps) on smartphones has the potential to impact sexual health and behaviour. This was the first systematic review to critically appraise and summarize the existing literature on the use of social networking apps on smartphones and their associated sexual health and sexual behaviour effects in lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender populations. A systematic search was conducted in five databases (CINAHL Plus, PsycINFO, PubMed, SCOPUS and Sociological Abstracts), using controlled terms and keywords...
July 25, 2016: AIDS Care
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