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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062734/the-performance-of-the-alere-hiv-combo-point-of-care-test-on-stored-serum-samples-useful-for-detection-of-early-hiv-1-infections
#1
Carla van Tienen, Sharona Rugebregt, Sandra Scherbeijn, Hannelore Götz, Corine Geurts van Kessel
INTRODUCTION: The Alere HIV-1/2 Antigen/Antibody Combo point-of-care test is a commercially available 4th-generation rapid test for the diagnosis of HIV infection, including acute infection. We evaluated the sensitivity of this test in samples from patients with acute, recent or chronic HIV-1 infection. METHODS: A validation of the test was performed using 89 HIV-positive serum samples collected in 2008-2016, that were stored at -20°C. Twenty-three samples were only p24-positive (acute infection); 49 samples were antibody-positive and p24-positive (recent infection); 17 samples were only antibody-positive (chronic infection)...
January 6, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052043/particle-tracking-for-the-assessment-of-microcirculatory-perfusion
#2
Michele Sorelli, Can Ince, Leonardo Bocchi
In recent years the development of portable microscopes, which enable the noninvasive bedside evaluation of the sublingual microcirculation in critically ill patients, has expanded the clinical research on this level of the cardiovascular system. Several semi-quantitative scores have been defined in order to provide researchers with a standardized framework for the offline assessment of the microcirculation status. Among those, space-time diagrams (STDs) constitute an established method for obtaining an estimate of the red blood cells (RBCs) flow velocity in capillaries...
January 4, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051895/correction-to-aids-patient-care-and-stds-2016-30-425-434-doi-10-1089-apc-2016-0114
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033470/developing-a-motion-comic-for-hiv-std-prevention-for-young-people-ages-15-24-part-2-evaluation-of-a-pilot-intervention
#4
Leigh A Willis, Rachel Kachur, Ted J Castellanos, Kristen Nichols, Maria C B Mendoza, Zaneta J Gaul, Pilgrim Spikes, Ashley C Gamayo, Marcus D Durham, Lisa LaPlace, Julie Straw, Colleen Staatz, Hadiza Buge, Matthew Hogben, Susan Robinson, John Brooks, Madeline Y Sutton
In the United States, young people (ages 15-24 years) are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), due at least in part to inadequate or incorrect HIV/STD-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behavioral intentions (KABI). Comic book narratives are a proven method of HIV/STD prevention communication to strengthen KABI for HIV/STD prevention. Motion comics, a new type of comic media, are an engaging and low-cost means of narrative storytelling...
December 29, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009539/sexual-temptation-substance-abuse-no-sex-safe-sex-risky-sex-and-stds
#5
Toto Sutarso, Thomas Li-Ping Tang, Denny R Anerin, Intan W S McCartt, Courtney B Gibson
BACKGROUND: University students' substance abuse and risky sex contribute to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). PURPOSE: We develop and empirically test a formative theoretical model of sexual temptation involving substance abuse (cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana), safe sexual behavior (use of condom/barrier for oral and vaginal intercourse), risky sexual behavior (unprotected sex and multiple sexual partners), and STDs: gonorrhea, HIV, and genital herpes. We simultaneously explore these constructs, controlling membership in social groups (fraternity/sorority, varsity athlete, and club sports) and perceived norm of substance abuse...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008325/lactobacilli-dominance-and-vaginal-ph-why-is-the-human-vaginal-microbiome-unique
#6
Elizabeth A Miller, DeAnna E Beasley, Robert R Dunn, Elizabeth A Archie
The human vaginal microbiome is dominated by bacteria from the genus Lactobacillus, which create an acidic environment thought to protect women against sexually transmitted pathogens and opportunistic infections. Strikingly, lactobacilli dominance appears to be unique to humans; while the relative abundance of lactobacilli in the human vagina is typically >70%, in other mammals lactobacilli rarely comprise more than 1% of vaginal microbiota. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain humans' unique vaginal microbiota, including humans' distinct reproductive physiology, high risk of STDs, and high risk of microbial complications linked to pregnancy and birth...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004712/stds-on-the-up
#7
Ryan F Mandelbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2016: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004450/cross-sectional-study-to-assess-the-need-to-commence-opportunistic-screening-of-women-for-cervical-cancer-presenting-with-sexually-transmitted-disease-in-western-india
#8
Mihir P Rupani, Ajay B Pawar, Raj Kumar Bansal, Malati Dalal, Ashvin Vachhani, Khushali D Parikh
This study examines the prevalence of suspected cervical cancer (established through the use of visual inspection with Lugol's Iodine - VILI) among outpatients attending Surat Municipal Institute of Medical Education & Research Hospital, India. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 356 patients; 178 with an established sexually transmitted disease (STD) and 178 patients without. Patients with positive results were investigated with cervical biopsy; out of 356 patients, 21.91% patients with STD and 12.35% patients without STD tested positive for VILI respectively (p = ...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997475/diabetes-among-people-with-tuberculosis-hiv-infection-viral-hepatitis-b-and-c-and-stds-in-new-york-city-2006-2010
#9
Ann Drobnik, Alexander Breskin, Jennifer Fuld, Christine Chan, James Hadler, Bahman Tabaei, Natalie Stennis, Shama Ahuja, Winfred Wu, Jay K Varma
Matching infectious disease surveillance data has become a routine activity for many health departments. With the increasing focus on chronic disease, it is also useful to explore opportunities to match infectious and chronic disease surveillance data. To understand the burden of diabetes in New York City (NYC), adults with select infectious diseases (tuberculosis, HIV infection, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, chlamydial infection, gonorrhea, and syphilis) reported between 2006 and 2010 were matched with hemoglobin A1c results reported in the same period...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940947/increased-std-testing-among-sexually-active-persons-receiving-medical-care-for-hiv-infection-in-the-united-states-2009-2013
#10
Christine L Mattson, Heather Bradley, Linda Beer, Christopher Johnson, William S Pearson, R Luke Shouse
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend that all sexually active HIV-infected persons be tested at least annually for syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. We examined temporal trends in syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea testing among sexually active HIV-infected adults receiving medical care in the United States during 2009-2013. METHODS: Using medical record data from the Medical Monitoring Project, a population-based HIV surveillance system, we assessed the proportion of adults in HIV medical care who were tested for syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea in the past 12 months by year and stratified by sex and sexual behavior, age, and race/ethnicity...
December 10, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923371/type-of-sexual-intercourse-experience-and-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-attempts-among-youths-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#11
Geum Hee Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Hyun Jung Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant theoretical evidence of higher rates of suicide among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths, little is known about the relationship between suicide and types of sexual intercourse experience in youths. This study examines the association between the type of intercourse experience and suicide risk outcomes (SROs: suicidal ideation, plans for suicide, suicidal attempts) from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 146,621 students aged 12-17 years for the years 2012 and 2013...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876991/trichomoniasis-in-older-individuals-a-preliminary-report-from-iran
#12
Zohreh Momeni, Javid Sadraei, Bahram Kazemi, Abdolhossein Dalimi
Infection with Trichomonas vaginalis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in humans. The prevalence of infection in Iran has been reported 0.009-8 % depending on deferent socio-cultural conditions. This study aimed to determine the frequency of T. vaginalis according to age in patients referred to clinics, hospitals and medical diagnostic laboratories in Karaj city, Iran. For this purpose, fifty positive samples were collected from July 2012 to June 2014 from clinics, medical diagnostic laboratories and hospitals, then transferred to laboratory of parasitology and cultured in TYM medium...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849368/correction-to-aids-patient-care-and-stds-2015-29-4-12-doi-10-1089-apc-2014-0166
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846873/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-hiv-transmission-and-behavior-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-different-areas-of-inner-mongolia-autonomous-region-china
#14
Lin Qu, Wenrui Wang, Yongming Gao, Jingyuan Yang, Jijiang Dai, Dawei Wang, Bo Tao
BACKGROUND: Little research has been conducted on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic and the sexual intercourse habits of men who have sex with men (MSM) in crowded places, both locally and abroad. This study conducted a survey of MSM in different locales of Inner Mongolia to provide a reference for developing strategies or measures to prevent and control HIV among this understudied population. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of men aged 18 years and older at different venues popular among MSM in Inner Mongolia...
November 15, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827386/examining-the-themes-of-std-related-internet-searches-to-increase-specificity-of-disease-forecasting-using-internet-search-terms
#15
Amy K Johnson, Tarek Mikati, Supriya D Mehta
US surveillance of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) is often delayed and incomplete which creates missed opportunities to identify and respond to trends in disease. Internet search engine data has the potential to be an efficient, economical and representative enhancement to the established surveillance system. Google Trends allows the download of de-identified search engine data, which has been used to demonstrate the positive and statistically significant association between STD-related search terms and STD rates...
November 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806552/identification-and-ranking-of-the-factors-affecting-aids-prevention-using-decision-making-trial-and-evaluation-laboratory-and-analytic-network-process
#16
Fatemeh Ameli, Mahmood Amini Lari, Ardalan Feili, Payam Farhadi, Maryam Zare Saadabadi, Mohammad Ali Davarpanah, Hassan Joulaei
The aim of this study was to identify and rank factors affecting AIDS prevention using multiple attribute decision making (MADM) as well as group decision making. At first, factors affecting AIDS prevention were extracted from related literatures. Furthermore, 20 identified factors were submitted to 18 health experts and policy makers who compose a Delphi group in order to be classified and summarized. Finally, 12 factors were selected based on average and standard deviation in two rounds. Then, causal relations between the factors and their network structure were identified using DEMATEL...
August 26, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771695/the-biological-impact-of-genomic-diversity-in-cervical-cancer-development
#17
Cristina Mendes de Oliveira, José Eduardo Levi
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are the etiologic agents of cervical cancer, the unique human neoplasia that has one single necessary cause. The diversity of HPVs is well described, with 200 HPV types existing as distinct taxonomic units and each receiving an Arabic number. On a clinical basis, they are usually grouped by their site of occurrence and disease associations. Those types inhabiting the anogenital mucosa are more intensively studied and further divided into cancer-associated HPVs, which are termed 'high risk', while those linked to benign proliferative lesions are assigned as 'low risk'...
2016: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710087/projectheartforgirls-com-development-of-a-web-based-hiv-std-prevention-program-for-adolescent-girls-emphasizing-sexual-communication-skills
#18
Laura Widman, Carol E Golin, Seth M Noar, Joy Massey, Mitchell J Prinstein
This article describes the development of ProjectHeartforGirls.com , an interactive web-based program designed to improve sexual communication skills and reduce the risk of HIV/STDs among adolescent girls, a population at heightened risk for negative sexual health outcomes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). Although sexual communication is a critical predictor of safer sex among teens, there are few online interventions that target these skills as a central program component. We developed ProjectHeartforGirls...
October 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696905/association-between-parent-adolescent-communication-about-sex-related-topics-and-hiv-testing-united-states-2006-2013
#19
Alexandra B Balaji, Emeka Oraka, Amy M Fasula, Paula E Jayne, Monique G Carry, Jerris L Raiford
Adolescents need information about sex-related topics in order to reduce risk behavior and engage in healthy sexual decision-making. Parents have the potential to be an important source of this information. Using the 2006-2010 and 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth, we examined associations between parent-adolescent communication before age 18 about sex-related topics and HIV testing among respondents aged 18-24 that ever had sexual intercourse (women = 3893; men = 3359). Analyses showed that for both men and women, discussing how to prevent HIV/AIDS and how to use a condom with a parent before age 18 were positively associated with HIV testing...
October 4, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685158/anticipated-notification-of-sexual-partners-following-std-diagnosis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-lima-peru-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#20
Jesse L Clark, Amaya G Perez-Brumer, Eddy R Segura, Hector J Salvatierra, Jorge Sanchez, Javier R Lama
BACKGROUND: New strategies to support partner notification (PN) are critical for STD control and require detailed understanding of how specific individual and partnership characteristics guide notification decisions. METHODS: From 2011 to 2012, 397 MSM and TW recently diagnosed with HIV, syphilis, or another STD completed a survey on anticipated notification of recent sexual partners and associated factors. Qualitative interviews were conducted with a subset of participants to provide further depth to quantitative findings...
2016: PloS One
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