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Laura Widman, Carol E Golin, Seth M Noar, Joy Massey, Mitchell J Prinstein
This article describes the development of , an interactive web-based program designed to improve sexual communication skills and reduce the risk of HIV/STDs among adolescent girls, a population at heightened risk for negative sexual health outcomes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). Although sexual communication is a critical predictor of safer sex among teens, there are few online interventions that target these skills as a central program component. We developed ProjectHeartforGirls...
October 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
Alexandra B Balaji, Emeka Oraka, Amy M Fasula, Paula E Jayne, Monique G Carry, Jerris L Raiford
Adolescents need information about sex-related topics in order to reduce risk behavior and engage in healthy sexual decision-making. Parents have the potential to be an important source of this information. Using the 2006-2010 and 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth, we examined associations between parent-adolescent communication before age 18 about sex-related topics and HIV testing among respondents aged 18-24 that ever had sexual intercourse (women = 3893; men = 3359). Analyses showed that for both men and women, discussing how to prevent HIV/AIDS and how to use a condom with a parent before age 18 were positively associated with HIV testing...
October 4, 2016: AIDS Care
Jesse L Clark, Amaya G Perez-Brumer, Eddy R Segura, Hector J Salvatierra, Jorge Sanchez, Javier R Lama
BACKGROUND: New strategies to support partner notification (PN) are critical for STD control and require detailed understanding of how specific individual and partnership characteristics guide notification decisions. METHODS: From 2011 to 2012, 397 MSM and TW recently diagnosed with HIV, syphilis, or another STD completed a survey on anticipated notification of recent sexual partners and associated factors. Qualitative interviews were conducted with a subset of participants to provide further depth to quantitative findings...
2016: PloS One
Nitin Joseph, Bhavishya Shetty, Fathima Hasreen, R Ishwarya, Mukesh Baniya, Sahil Sachdeva, Samarth Agarwal
BACKGROUND: In India every year, a large number of pregnancies are unplanned resulting in unsafe abortion. This has tremendous implications both on health and survival of women. Usage of emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) could be a solution provided the usage is as per guidelines and social issues do not cause objections. AIM: This study was done to assess the awareness and attitudes regarding ECPs. METHODS: Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire from the university students...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Xiaodong Ren, Xiaohong Zhang, Weiliang Xie, Keke Zhang, Yongqiang Yuan, Xingxing Li
The emergence of China's Beidou, Europe's Galileo and Russia's GLONASS satellites has multiplied the number of ionospheric piercing points (IPP) offered by GPS alone. This provides great opportunities for deriving precise global ionospheric maps (GIMs) with high resolution to improve positioning accuracy and ionospheric monitoring capabilities. In this paper, the GIM is developed based on multi-GNSS (GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou and Galileo) observations in the current multi-constellation condition. The performance and contribution of multi-GNSS for ionospheric modelling are carefully analysed and evaluated...
2016: Scientific Reports
Olga Tsachouridou, Lemonia Skoura, Eirini Christaki, Panagiotis Kollaras, Eleni Sidiropoulou, Pantelis Zebekakis, Efstratios Vakirlis, Apostolia Margariti, Symeon Metallidis
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a major public health issue in Europe. Numerous outbreaks of syphilis have been described recently and an increased prevalence of high-risk sexual practices has raised concern about the transmission of HIV and other STDs. Similarly, an increase in sexually transmitted infections has been recorded in Northern Greece. METHODS: This report describes a recent outbreak of syphilis in people living with HIV. The demographic, clinical, and serologic data of HIV patients diagnosed with syphilis were recorded and analyzed...
September 2016: Germs
Donald Gerke, Elizabeth L Budd, Kathryn Plax
OBJECTIVE: Black and lesbian, gay, bisexual, or questioning (LGBQ) youth in the United States are disproportionately affected by HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Although self-efficacy is strongly, positively associated with safer sex behaviors, no studies have examined the validity of a safer sex self-efficacy scale used by many federally funded HIV/STD prevention programs. This study aims to test factor validity of the Sexual Self-Efficacy Scale by using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to determine if scale validity varies between heterosexual and LGBQ Black youth...
2016: Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research
Celestine Patrice-Coy, Emmanuel Janagan Johnson, Cheryl Ann Sarita Boodram
This article explores information relating to female adolescents knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors toward human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Carriacou. The authors aimed at finding out whether adolescent females in Carriacou receive adequate information about HIV and other STDs. Where did students receive most of their information about HIV/STDs and whether the knowledge has influenced their sexual behaviors? Furthermore, this study focused on how female adolescents feel toward people living with HIV/STDs...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mina Rydell, Fredrik Granath, Sven Cnattingius, Anna C Svensson, Cecilia Magnusson, Maria Rosaria Galanti
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to maternal smoking has previously been linked to tobacco dependence, but confounding from genetic and early-environmental factors is of concern. The aim of this study was to clarify if maternal smoking during pregnancy may affect the onset and manifestations of tobacco dependence after taking such factors into account. METHODS: The study is based on a matched cohort of 1538 siblings discordant for prenatal exposure to maternal smoking, who participated in a survey conducted in 2010 in Sweden...
October 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Giselly Oseni Barbosa Oliveira, Luana Duarte Wanderley Cavalcante, Lorita Marlena Freitag Pagliuca, Paulo César de Almeida, Cristiana Brasil de Almeida Rebouças
OBJECTIVE: to validate an educational text in the context of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) for visually impaired persons, making it accessible to this population. METHOD: a validation study, in a virtual environment. Data collection occurred from May to September 2012 by emailing the subjects, and was composed by seven content experts about STDs. Analysis was based on the considerations of the experts about Objectives, Structure and Presentation, and Relevance...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Cassondra Marshall, Sylvia Guendelman, Jane Mauldon, Amani Nuru-Jeter
CONTEXT: Understanding how women's preferences for certain attributes of contraceptive methods relate to their method choice can inform the content of contraceptive counseling. METHODS: Data from 715 women aged 18-29 who had ever used contraceptives were drawn from the 2009 National Survey of Reproductive and Contraceptive Knowledge. Chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to examine how women's preferences for specific contraceptive attributes were related to their social and demographic characteristics and their current contraceptive choice...
September 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Jonathan Izudi, Norbert Adrawa, Dinah Amongin
Background. Little is known about precancerous cervical lesion (PCCL), the precursor of cervical cancer among Human Immunodeficiency (HIV) infected women in a postconflict setting of Northern Uganda. Objective. To establish factors associated with PCCL among HIV infected women above thirty years of age in a postconflict setting of Northern Uganda. Method. This retrospective cohort study used electronic data from 995 HIV-positive women that attended cervical cancer screening during June 2014 and December 2015...
2016: Journal of Oncology
Roumayne Fernandes Vieira Andrade, Maria Alix Leite Araújo, Maria Inês Costa Dourado, Angelica Barbosa Espinosa Miranda, Claudia Bastos da Silveira Reis
The objective of this study was to investigate factors associated with intimate partner violence after disclosing the diagnosis of sexually transmissible diseases (STDs) in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. This cross-sectional study enrolled 221 individuals treated at STD clinics. Multivariate logistic regression was performed. A total of 28.1% of individuals committed some type of intimate partner violence after disclosure of the diagnosis. Committing intimate partner violence was associated with alcohol use (OR = 2...
July 21, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
E P H Choi, J Y H Wong, D Y T Fong
The use of social networking applications (apps) on smartphones has the potential to impact sexual health and behaviour. This was the first systematic review to critically appraise and summarize the existing literature on the use of social networking apps on smartphones and their associated sexual health and sexual behaviour effects in lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender populations. A systematic search was conducted in five databases (CINAHL Plus, PsycINFO, PubMed, SCOPUS and Sociological Abstracts), using controlled terms and keywords...
July 25, 2016: AIDS Care
Mia Liza A Lustria, Juliann Cortese, Mary A Gerend, Karla Schmitt, Ying Mai Kung, Casey McLaughlin
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the mechanisms of tailoring within the context of RU@Risk a brief Web-based intervention designed to promote sexually transmitted disease (STD) testing among young adults. This is one of a few studies to empirically examine theorized message processing mechanisms of tailoring and persuasion outcomes in a single model. METHOD: Sexually active college students (N = 1065) completed a pretest, were randomly assigned to explore a tailored or nontailored website, completed a posttest, and were offered the opportunity to order a free at-home STD test kit...
November 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
André Lp de Abreu, Natália Malaguti, Raquel P Souza, Nelson S Uchimura, Érika C Ferreira, Monalisa W Pereira, Maria Db Carvalho, Sandra M Pelloso, Marcelo G Bonini, Fabrícia Gimenes, Marcia El Consolaro
The link between high-risk human Papillomavirus (HR-HPV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the risk of developing cervical cancer still unclear. Thus, in this report we investigated the rates of co-infections between HPV and other important non-HPV STDs in different cervical findings using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (M-PCR) to simultaneously detect Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma genitalium, Trichomonas vaginalis, HSV-1 and -2, and Treponema pallidum. A total of 838 women aged 18 to 68 years were screened using Papanicolaou smears for cervical abnormalities, HPV and non-HPV STDs using PCR and M-PCR methods...
2016: American Journal of Cancer Research
Jeffrey H Herbst, Olivia Branscomb-Burgess, Deborah J Gelaude, Puja Seth, Sharon Parker, Catherine I Fogel
Incarcerated women experience myriad individual, interpersonal, and structural factors leading to arrest and rearrest. This study examined risk profiles of women experiencing initial and repeat incarcerations. The sample included 521 women recruited from two prisons in North Carolina and enrolled in a HIV/STD risk-reduction intervention trial. Variables included socio-demographics, structural/economic factors, sexual and substance use behaviors, STDs, victimization history, and depressive symptoms. Bivariate and multivariable analyses identified risk differences...
August 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
Angel A Noda, Orestes Blanco, Consuelo Correa, Lissette Pérez, Vivian Kourí, Islay Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and in particular genital ulcer disease (GUD) have a major impact on morbidity and mortality in developing countries. The World Health Organization recommends the use of syndromic guidelines for the treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in resource-constrained countries. Surveillance of autochthonous etiologies provides epidemiological information contributing to the prevention and treatment of STIs. We investigated the etiology and factors associated with GUD among male patients attending a STD clinic in Havana, Cuba...
August 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Catherine N Rasberry, Nicole Liddon, Susan Hocevar Adkins, Catherine A Lesesne, Andrew Hebert, Elizabeth Kroupa, India Rose, Elana Morris
This study examined predictors of having received HIV and sexually transmitted disease (STD) testing and having been referred by school staff for HIV/STD testing. In 2014, students in seven high schools completed paper-and-pencil questionnaires assessing demographic characteristics, sexual behavior, referrals for HIV/STD testing, and HIV/STD testing. The analytic sample (n = 11,303) was 50.7% female, 40.7% Hispanic/Latino, 34.7% Black/African American (non-Hispanic), and mean age was 15.86 (SD = 1.22). After controlling for demographic characteristics, significant predictors of reporting having been tested for HIV or STDs were reporting having received a referral for HIV/STD testing (odds ratio [OR] = 3...
July 14, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
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July 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
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