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Mehrnaz Riazian, Elnaz Khorrami, Elham Alipoor, Sina Moradmand, Mehdi Yaseri, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar
BACKGROUND: Apelin, the endogenous ligand of orphan receptor APJ (gene symbol APLNR), is an adipokine that was suggested to have a direct correlation with obesity. This peptide might play a role in obesity-related disorders, especially in the cardiovascular system. Currently, few data are available on levels and potential metabolic functions of apelin in different cardiac diseases including atrial fibrillation (AF) and coronary artery disease (CAD), which have common underlying pathophysiological mechanisms...
October 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Ran Xu, Zhen-Zhou Zhang, Lai-Jiang Chen, Hui-Min Yu, Shu-Jie Guo, Ying-Le Xu, Gavin Y Oudit, Yan Zhang, Qing Chang, Bei Song, Dong-Rui Chen, Ding-Liang Zhu, Jiu-Chang Zhong
Apelin has been proved to be a critical mediator of vascular function and homeostasis. Here, we investigated roles of Apelin in aortic remodeling and fibrosis in rats with transverse aortic constriction (TAC). Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to TAC and then randomized to daily deliver Apelin-13 (50μg/kg) or angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1) blocker Irbesartan (50mg/kg) for 4 weeks. Pressure overload resulted in myocardial hypertrophy, systolic dysfunction, aortic remodeling and adventitial fibrosis with reduced levels of Apelin in ascending aortas of rat after TAC compared with sham-operated group...
October 20, 2016: Peptides
Mustafa Topuz, Fahrettin Oz, Oguz Akkus, Omer Sen, Ayse Nur Topuz, Atilla Bulut, Suleyman Ozbicer, Sefa Okar, Mevlut Koc, Mustafa Gur
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the compliance of plasma apelin-12 levels to show angiographic properties and hospital MACE in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The association of apelin-12 levels with the N/L ratio on admission was assessed in 170 consecutive patients with primary STEMI undergoing primary PCI. All patient SYNTAX scores and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grades were also assessed...
October 20, 2016: Perfusion
Wook-Jin Chung
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a life-threatening disorder with a poor prognosis and causes pulmonary vascular remodeling accompanied with increased pulmonary arterial medial wall thickness and fibrosis, which leads to vascular and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. Despite treatment with prostacyclin, endothelin antagonist, and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors the 1-year mortality rate of PAH still remains high. Recent registries, clinical trials, and basic researches have been increasing the knowledge of PAH and it would contribute to potential therapeutic strategies and better clinical outcome...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Jiu-Chang Zhong, Zhen-Zhou Zhang, Ran Xu, Lai-Jiang Chen, Shu-Jie Guo, Ying-Le Xu, Gavin Oudit, Hai-Yan Jin, Bei Song, Qing Chang, Ping-Jin Gao, Ji-Guang Wang
OBJECTIVE: The Apelin/APJ system has recently been implicated in pathologies of hypertension. However, little was elucidated upon effects of Apelin on vascular adventitial remodeling progression. Here, we examined regulatory roles of Apelin in pressure overload-induced adventitial remodeling and fibrosis in hypertensive rats. DESIGN AND METHOD: The male Sprague-Dawley rats were performed with transverse aortic constriction (TAC). The rats with TAC were randomized to daily deliver either pyroglutamyl Apelin-13 (50 μg/kg) or saline for 4 weeks...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Feng Huang, Qiuxia Huang, Fan Lin, Pengli Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Apelin activity plays a role in regulating blood pressure. This study explored the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Apelin gene (APLN) with hypertension and hypertension with central retinal artery equivalent (CRAE) stenosis in a coastal Chinese population. DESIGN AND METHOD: All subjects answered an epidemiological survey for demographic and disease characteristics. Apelin levels were determined and three APLN SNPs, rs56204867, rs3115757, and rs3761581, were evaluated...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Shaoyu Yang, Xueqin Chen, Yuelong Pan, Jiekai Yu, Xin Li, Shenglin Ma
The present study aimed to identify potential serum biomarkers for predicting the clinical outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR‑TKIs). A total of 61 samples were collected and analyzed using the integrated approach of magnetic bead‑based weak cation exchange chromatography and matrix‑assisted laser desorption/ionization‑time of flight‑mass spectrometry. The Zhejiang University Protein Chip Data Analysis system was used to identify the protein spectra of patients that are resistant and sensitive to EGFR‑TKIs...
October 11, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Meiyan Feng, Guodong Yao, Hongwei Yu, Yu Qing, Kuan Wang
BACKGROUND: To study the association between Apelin expression and the clinical features and postoperative prognosis in patients with gastric cancer (Int J Cancer 136:2388-2401, 2015). METHODS: Tumor samples and matched adjacent normal tissues were collected from 270 patients with GC receiving surgical resection. The tumor and serum Apelin levels were determined by immunohistochemistry and ELISA methods, respectively. GC cell lines were cultured for migration and invasive assays...
October 12, 2016: BMC Cancer
Jian-Wei Luo, Xian Zheng, Guan-Chang Cheng, Qun-Hui Ye, Yong-Zhi Deng, Lin Wu
It has been reported that resistin induces, whereas apelin inhibits cardiac hypertrophy. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of apelin inhibiting resistin-induced cardiac hypertrophy remain unclear. The aim of the current study is to investigate the effects of apelin on resistin-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and elucidate the underlying molecular mechanism. H9c2 cells were used in the present study, and cell surface area and protein synthesis were evaluated. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the expression levels of hypertrophic markers, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC)...
October 2016: Biomedical Reports
A Salska, K Chiżyński
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Acta Cardiologica
Muhammet Maden, Omer Nuri Pamuk, Gulsum Emel Pamuk
BACKGROUND: Apelin/APJ system regulates angiogenesis and is overexpressed in some malignancies. Apelin can induce lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated apelin levels in multiple myeloma (MM) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL); and analyzed the association between apelin levels and clinical findings. METHODS: We included consecutive 29 MM, 31 NHL patients, and 19 healthy controls. Patients' demographic and clinical features, treatment modalities, and responses were recorded from hospital records...
February 19, 2016: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Zahra Hajimashhadi, Nahid Aboutaleb, Farinaz Nasirinezhad
Apelin is an endogenous ligand for apelin receptor (APJ) with analgesic effect on visceral, analgesic and proanalgesic influences on acute pains in animal models. The purpose of this study was to determine the possible analgesic effects of [Pyr(1)] apelin-13 on chronic pain after spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. Animals were randomly divided into three major groups as intact, sham and SCI. The SCI group randomly allocated to four subgroups as no treatment, vehicle-treatment (normal saline: 10μl, intrathecally) and two subgroups with intrathecal injection (i...
September 2, 2016: Neuropeptides
L Bos, L Schouten, L van Vught, M Wiewel, D Ong, O Cremer, A Artigas, I Martin-Loeches, A Hoogendijk, T van der Poll, J Horn, N Juffermans, M Schultz, N de Prost, T Pham, G Carteaux, A Mekontso Dessap, C Brun-Buisson, E Fan, G Bellani, J Laffey, A Mercat, L Brochard, B Maitre, P A Howells, D R Thickett, C Knox, D P Park, F Gao, O Tucker, T Whitehouse, D F McAuley, G D Perkins, T Pham, J Laffey, G Bellani, E Fan, L Pisani, J P Roozeman, F D Simonis, A Giangregorio, L R Schouten, S M Van der Hoeven, J Horn, A Serpa Neto, E Festic, A M Dondorp, S Grasso, L D Bos, M J Schultz, M Koster-Brouwer, D Verboom, B Scicluna, K van de Groep, J Frencken, M Schultz, T van der Poll, M Bonten, O Cremer, J I Ko, K S Kim, G J Suh, W Y Kwon, K Kim, J H Shin, O T Ranzani, E Prina, R Menendez, A Ceccato, R Mendez, C Cilloniz, A Gabarrus, M Ferrer, A Torres, A Urbano, L A Zhang, D Swigon, F Pike, R S Parker, G Clermont, C Scheer, S O Kuhn, A Modler, M Vollmer, C Fuchs, K Hahnenkamp, S Rehberg, M Gründling, A Taggu, N Darang, N Öveges, I László, K Tánczos, M Németh, G Lebák, B Tudor, D Érces, J Kaszaki, W Huber, D Trásy, Z Molnár, G Ferrara, V S Kanoore Edul, H S Canales, E Martins, C Canullán, G Murias, M O Pozo, J F Caminos Eguillor, M G Buscetti, C Ince, A Dubin, H D Aya, A Rhodes, N Fletcher, R M Grounds, M Cecconi, M Jacquet-Lagrèze, M Riche, R Schweizer, P Portran, W Fornier, M Lilot, J Neidecker, J L Fellahi, A Escoresca-Ortega, A Gutiérrez-Pizarraya, L Charris-Castro, Y Corcia-Palomo, E Fernandez-Delgado, J Garnacho-Montero, C Roger, L Muller, L Elotmani, J Lipman, J Y Lefrant, J A Roberts, R Muñoz-Bermúdez, M Samper, C Climent, F Vasco, V Sara, S Luque, N Campillo, S Grau Cerrato, J R Masclans, F Alvarez-Lerma, S Carvalho Brugger, G Jimenez Jimenez, M Miralbés Torner, J Trujillano Cabello, B Balsera Garrido, X Nuvials Casals, F Barcenilla Gaite, M Vallverdú Vidal, M Palomar Martínez, V Gusarov, D Shilkin, M Dementienko, E Nesterova, N Lashenkova, A Kuzovlev, M Zamyatin, A Demoule, S Carreira, S Lavault, O Palancca, E Morawiec, J Mayaux, I Arnulf, T Similowski, B S Rasmussen, R G Maltesen, M Hanifa, S Pedersen, S R Kristensen, R Wimmer, M Panigada, G Li Bassi, O T Ranzani, T Kolobow, A Zanella, M Cressoni, L Berra, V Parrini, H Kandil, G Salati, S Livigni, A Amatu, A Andreotti, F Tagliaferri, G Moise, G Mercurio, A Costa, A Vezzani, S Lindau, J Babel, M Cavana, D Consonni, A Pesenti, L Gattinoni, A Torres, P Mansouri, F Zand, L Zahed, F Dehghanrad, M Bahrani, M Ghorbani, B Cambiaghi, O Moerer, T Mauri, N Kunze-Szikszay, C Ritter, A Pesenti, M Quintel, L M Vilander, M A Kaunisto, S T Vaara, V Pettilä, J L G Haitsma Mulier, S Rozemeijer, A M E Spoelstra-de Man, P E Elbers, P R Tuinman, M C de Waard, H M Oudemans-van Straaten, A M A Liberatore, R B Souza, A M C R P F Martins, J C F Vieira, I H J Koh, M Galindo Martínez, R Jiménez Sánchez, L Martínez Gascón, M D Rodríguez Mulero, A Ortín Freire, A Ojados Muñoz, S Rebollo Acebes, Á Fernández Martínez, S Moreno Aliaga, L Herrera Para, J Murcia Payá, F Rodríguez Mulero, P Guerci, Y Ince, P Heeman, B Ergin, C Ince, Z Uz, M Massey, Y Ince, R Papatella, E Bulent, P Guerci, F Toraman, C Ince, E R Longbottom, H D Torrance, H C Owen, C J Hinds, R M Pearse, M J O'Dywer, Z Trogrlic, M van der Jagt, H Lingsma, H H Ponssen, J F Schoonderbeek, F Schreiner, S J Verbrugge, S Duran, T van Achterberg, J Bakker, D A M P J Gommers, E Ista, A Krajčová, P Waldauf, F Duška, A Shah, N Roy, S McKechnie, C Doree, S Fisher, S J Stanworth, J F Jensen, D Overgaard, M H Bestle, D F Christensen, I Egerod, A Pivkina, V Gusarov, I Zhivotneva, N Pasko, M Zamyatin, J F Jensen, I Egerod, M H Bestle, D F Christensen, A Alklit, R L Hansen, H Knudsen, L B Grode, D Overgaard, M Hravnak, L Chen, A Dubrawski, G Clermont, M R Pinsky, S M Parry, L D Knight, B C Connolly, C E Baldwin, Z A Puthucheary, L Denehy, N Hart, P E Morris, J Mortimore, C L Granger, H I Jensen, R Piers, B Van den Bulcke, J Malmgren, V Metaxa, A K Reyners, M Darmon, K Rusinova, D Talmor, A P Meert, L Cancelliere, L Zubek, P Maia, A Michalsen, J Decruyenaere, E Kompanje, S Vanheule, E Azoulay, S Vansteelandt, D Benoit, B Van den Bulcke, R Piers, H I Jensen, J Malmgren, V Metaxa, A K Reyners, M Darmon, K Rusinova, D Talmor, A P Meert, L Cancelliere, L Zubek, P Maia, A Michalsen, J Decruyenaere, E Kompanje, S Vanheule, E Azoulay, S Vansteelandt, D Benoit, C Ryan, D Dawson, J Ball, K Noone, B Aisling, S Prudden, A Ntantana, D Matamis, S Savvidou, M Giannakou, M Gouva, G Nakos, V Koulouras, J Aron, G Lumley, D Milliken, K Dhadwal, B A McGrath, S J Lynch, B Bovento, G Sharpe, E Grainger, S Pieri-Davies, S Wallace, B McGrath, S J Lynch, B Bovento, E Grainger, S Pieri-Davies, G Sharpe, S Wallace, M Jung, J Cho, H Park, G Suh, O Kousha, J Paddle, L Gamrin Gripenberg, M Sundström Rehal, J Wernerman, O Rooyackers, H J de Grooth, W P Choo, A M Spoelstra-de Man, E L Swart, H M Oudemans-van Straaten, L Talan, G Güven, N D Altıntas, M Padar, G Uusvel, L Starkopf, J Starkopf, A Reintam Blaser, M S Kalaiselvan, A S Arunkumar, M K Renuka, R L Shivkumar, M Volbeda, D Ten Kate, M Hoekstra, J M van der Maaten, M W Nijsten, A Komaromi, O Rooyackers, J Wernerman, Å Norberg, M Smedberg, M Mori, L Pettersson, Å Norberg, O Rooyackers, J Wernerman, M Theodorakopoulou, T Christodoulopoulou, A Diamantakis, F Frantzeskaki, M Kontogiorgi, E Chrysanthopoulou, M Lygnos, C Diakaki, A Armaganidis, K Gundogan, E Dogan, R Coskun, S Muhtaroglu, M Sungur, T Ziegler, M Guven, A Kleyman, W Khaliq, D Andreas, M Singer, R Meierhans, R Schuepbach, I De Brito-Ashurst, F Zand, G Sabetian, R Nikandish, F Hagar, M Masjedi, B Maghsudi, A Vazin, M Ghorbani, E Asadpour, K C Kao, L C Chiu, C Y Hung, C H Chang, S H Li, H C Hu, S El Maraghi, M Ali, D Rageb, M Helmy, J Marin-Corral, C Vilà, J R Masclans, A Vàzquez, I Martín-Loeches, E Díaz, J C Yébenes, A Rodriguez, F Álvarez-Lerma, N Varga, A Cortina-Gutiérrez, L Dono, M Martínez-Martínez, C Maldonado, E Papiol, M Pérez-Carrasco, R Ferrer, K Nweze, B Morton, I Welters, M Houard, B Voisin, G Ledoux, S Six, E Jaillette, S Nseir, S Romdhani, R Bouneb, D Loghmari, N Ben Aicha, J Ayachi, K Meddeb, I Chouchène, A Khedher, M Boussarsar, K S Chan, W L Yu, J Marin-Corral, C Vilà, J R Masclans, J Nolla, L Vidaur, J Bonastre, B Suberbiola, J E Guerrero, A Rodriguez, N Ramon Coll, G Jiménez Jiménez, S Carvalho Brugger, J Codina Calero, B Balsera Garrido, M García, M Palomar Martínez, M Vallverdú Vidal, M C de la Torre, E Vendrell, E Palomera, E Güell, J C Yébenes, M Serra-Prat, J F Bermejo-Martín, J Almirall, E Tomas, A Escoval, F Froe, M H Vitoria Pereira, N Velez, E Viegas, E Filipe, C Groves, M Reay, L C Chiu, H C Hu, C Y Hung, C H Chang, S H Li, K C Kao, A Ballin, F Facchin, G Sartori, F Zarantonello, E Campello, C M Radu, S Rossi, C Ori, P Simioni, N Umei, I Shingo, A C Santos, C Candeias, I Moniz, R Marçal, Z Costa E Silva, J M Ribeiro, J F Georger, J P Ponthus, M Tchir, V Amilien, M Ayoub, E Barsam, G Martucci, G Panarello, F Tuzzolino, G Capitanio, V Ferrazza, T Carollo, L Giovanni, A Arcadipane, M López Sánchez, M A González-Gay, F J Llorca Díaz, M I Rubio López, E Zogheib, L Villeret, J Nader, M Bernasinski, P Besserve, T Caus, H Dupont, P Morimont, S Habran, R Hubert, T Desaive, F Blaffart, N Janssen, J Guiot, A Pironet, P Dauby, B Lambermont, F Zarantonello, A Ballin, F Facchin, G Sartori, E Campello, T Pettenuzzo, G Citton, S Rossi, P Simioni, C Ori, C Kirakli, O Ediboglu, S Ataman, M Yarici, F Tuksavul, S Keating, A Gibson, M Gilles, M Dunn, G Price, N Young, P Remeta, P Bishop, M D Fernández Zamora, J Muñoz-Bono, E Curiel-Balsera, E Aguilar-Alonso, R Hinojosa, A Gordillo-Brenes, J A Arboleda-Sánchez, I Skorniakov, D Vikulova, C Whiteley, O Shaikh, A Jones, M Ostermann, L Forni, M Scott, J Sahatjian, W Linde-Zwirble, D Hansell, P Laoveeravat, N Srisawat, M Kongwibulwut, S Peerapornrattana, N Suwachittanont, T O Wirotwan, P Chatkaew, P Saeyub, K Latthaprecha, K Tiranathanagul, S Eiam-Ong, J A Kellum, R E Berthelsen, A Perner, A E K Jensen, J U Jensen, M H Bestle, D J Gebhard, J Price, C E Kennedy, A Akcan-Arikan, A M A Liberatore, R B Souza, A M C R P F Martins, J C F Vieira, Y R Kang, M N Nakamae, I H J Koh, K Hamed, M M Khaled, R Aly Soliman, M Sherif Mokhtar, G Seller-Pérez, D Arias-Verdú, E Llopar-Valdor, I De-Diós-Chacón, G Quesada-García, M E Herrera-Gutierrez, R Hafes, G Carroll, P Doherty, C Wright, I G Guerra Vera, M Ralston, M L Gemmell, A MacKay, E Black, C Wright, R I Docking, R Appleton, M R Ralston, L Gemmell, R Appleton, C Wright, R I Docking, E Black, A Mackay, S Rozemeijer, J L G Haitsma Mulier, J G Röttgering, P W G Elbers, A M E Spoelstra-de Man, P R Tuinman, M C de Waard, H M Oudemans-van Straaten, N Mejeni, J Nsiala, A Kilembe, P Akilimali, G Thomas, I Egerod, A E Andersson, A M Fagerdahl, V Knudsen, K Meddeb, A Ben Cheikh, Y Hamdaoui, J Ayachi, A Guiga, N Fraj, S Romdhani, N Sma, R Bouneb, I Chouchene, A Khedher, N Bouafia, M Boussarsar, A Amirian, B Ziaian, M Masjedi, C Fleischmann, D O Thomas-Rueddel, A Schettler, D Schwarzkopf, A Stacke, K Reinhart, E Filipe, A Escoval, A Martins, P Sousa, N Velez, E Viegas, E Tomas, G Snell, R Matsa, T T S Paary, M S Kalaiselvan, A M Cavalheiro, L L Rocha, C S Vallone, A Tonilo, M D S Lobato, D T Malheiro, G Sussumo, N M Lucino, F Zand, V D Rosenthal, M Masjedi, G Sabetian, B Maghsudi, M Ghorbani, A Sanaei Dashti, A Yousefipour, J R Goodall, M Williamson, E Tant, N Thomas, C Balci, C Gonen, E Haftacı, H Gurarda, E Karaca, B Paldusová, I Zýková, D Šímová, S Houston, L D'Antona, J Lloyd, V Garnelo-Rey, M Sosic, V Sotosek-Tokmazic, J Kuharic, I Antoncic, S Dunatov, A Sustic, C T Chong, M Sim, T Lyovarin, F M Acosta Díaz, S Narbona Galdó, M Muñoz Garach, O Moreno Romero, A M Pérez Bailón, A Carranza Pinel, M Colmenero, A Gritsan, A Gazenkampf, E Korchagin, N Dovbish, R M Lee, M P P Lim, C T Chong, B C L Lim, J J See, R Assis, F Filipe, N Lopes, L Pessoa, T Pereira, N Catorze, M S Aydogan, C Aldasoro, P Marchio, A Jorda, M D Mauricio, S Guerra-Ojeda, M Gimeno-Raga, M Colque-Cano, A Bertomeu-Artecero, M Aldasoro, S L Valles, D Tonon, T Triglia, J C Martin, M C Alessi, N Bruder, P Garrigue, L Velly, S Spina, V Scaravilli, C Marzorati, E Colombo, D Savo, A Vargiolu, G Cavenaghi, G Citerio, A H V Andrade, P Bulgarelli, J A P Araujo, V Gonzalez, V A Souza, A Costa, C Massant, C A C Abreu Filho, R A Morbeck, L E Burgo, R van Groenendael, L T van Eijk, G P Leijte, B Koeneman, M Kox, P Pickkers, A García-de la Torre, M de la Torre-Prados, A Fernández-Porcel, C Rueda-Molina, P Nuevo-Ortega, T Tsvetanova-Spasova, E Cámara-Sola, A García-Alcántara, L Salido-Díaz, X Liao, T Feng, J Zhang, X Cao, Q Wu, Z Xie, H Li, Y Kang, M S Winkler, A Nierhaus, E Mudersbach, A Bauer, L Robbe, C Zahrte, E Schwedhelm, S Kluge, C Zöllner, B Morton, E Mitsi, S H Pennington, J Reine, A D Wright, R Parker, I D Welters, J D Blakey, G Rajam, E W Ades, D M Ferreira, D Wang, A Kadioglu, S B Gordon, R Koch, M Kox, J Rahamat-Langedoen, J Schloesser, M de Jonge, P Pickkers, J Bringue, R Guillamat-Prats, E Torrents, M L Martinez, M Camprubí-Rimblas, A Artigas, L Blanch, S Y Park, Y B Park, D K Song, S Shrestha, S H Park, Y Koh, M J Park, C W Hong, O Lesur, D Coquerel, X Sainsily, J Cote, T Söllradl, A Murza, L Dumont, R Dumaine, M Grandbois, P Sarret, E Marsault, D Salvail, M Auger-Messier, F Chagnon, M P Lauretta, E Greco, A Dyson, M Singer, S Preau, M Ambler, A Sigurta, S Saeed, M Singer, L Topcu Sarıca, N Zibandeh, D Genc, F Gul, T Akkoc, E Kombak, L Cinel, T Akkoc, I Cinel, S J Pollen, N Arulkumaran, M Singer, H D Torrance, E R Longbottom, G Warnes, C J Hinds, D J Pennington, K Brohi, M J O'Dwyer, H Y Kim, S Na, J Kim, Y F Chang, A Chao, P Y Shih, C T Lee, Y C Yeh, L W Chen, M Adriaanse, Z Trogrlic, E Ista, H Lingsma, W Rietdijk, H H Ponssen, J F Schoonderbeek, F Schreiner, S J Verbrugge, S Duran, D A M P J Gommers, M van der Jagt, S Funcke, S Sauerlaender, B Saugel, H Pinnschmidt, D A Reuter, R Nitzschke, S Perbet, C Biboulet, A Lenoire, D Bourdeaux, B Pereira, B Plaud, J E Bazin, V Sautou, A Mebazaa, J M Constantin, M Legrand, Y Boyko, P Jennum, M Nikolic, H Oerding, R Holst, P Toft, H K Nedergaard, T Haberlandt, H I Jensen, P Toft, S Park, S Kim, Y J Cho, Y J Lim, A Chan, S Tang, S L Nunes, S Forsberg, H Blomqvist, L Berggren, M Sörberg, T Sarapohja, C J Wickerts, J G M Hofhuis, L Rose, B Blackwood, E Akerman, J Mcgaughey, I Egerod, M Fossum, H Foss, E Georgiou, H J Graff, M Kalafati, R Sperlinga, A Schafer, A G Wojnicka, P E Spronk, F Zand, F Khalili, R Afshari, G Sabetian, M Masjedi, B Maghsudi, H Haddad Khodaei, S Javadpour, P Petramfar, S Nasimi, A Vazin, B Ziaian, H Tabei, A Gunther, J O Hansen, P Sackey, H Storm, J Bernhardsson, Ø Sundin, A Bjärtå, A Bienert, P Smuszkiewicz, P Wiczling, K Przybylowski, A Borsuk, I Trojanowska, J Matysiak, Z Kokot, M Paterska, E Grzeskowiak, A Messina, E Bonicolini, D Colombo, G Moro, S Romagnoli, A R De Gaudio, F Della Corte, S M Romano, J A Silversides, E Major, E E Mann, A J Ferguson, D F Mcauley, J C Marshall, B Blackwood, E Fan, J A Diaz-Rodriguez, R Silva-Medina, E Gomez-Sandoval, N Gomez-Gonzalez, R Soriano-Orozco, P L Gonzalez-Carrillo, M Hernández-Flores, K Pilarczyk, J Lubarksi, D Wendt, F Dusse, J Günter, B Huschens, E Demircioglu, H Jakob, A Palmaccio, A M Dell'Anna, D L Grieco, F Torrini, C Iaquaniello, F Bongiovanni, M Antonelli, L Toscani, D Antonakaki, D Bastoni, H D Aya, A Rhodes, M Cecconi, M Jozwiak, F Depret, J L Teboul, J Alphonsine, C Lai, C Richard, X Monnet, I László, G Demeter, N Öveges, K Tánczos, M Németh, D Trásy, I Kertmegi, D Érces, B Tudor, J Kaszaki, Z Molnár, A Hasanin, A Lotfy, A El-Adawy, H Nassar, S Mahmoud, A Abougabal, A Mukhtar, F Quinty, S Habchi, A Luzi, E Antok, G Hernandez, B Lara, L Enberg, M Ortega, P Leon, C Kripper, P Aguilera, E Kattan, J Bakker, W Huber, M Lehmann, S Sakka, B Bein, R M Schmid, J Preti, J Creteur, A Herpain, J Marc, E Zogheib, F 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Gerretsen, Q de Mast, S El Messaoudi, G Rongen, M Gomes, M Kox, P Pickkers, N P Riksen, Y Kashiwagi, M Okada, K Hayashi, Y Inagaki, S Fujita, M N Nakamae, Y R Kang, R B Souza, A M A Liberatore, I H J Koh, A Blet, M Sadoune, J Lemarié, N Bihry, R Bern, E Polidano, R Merval, J M Launay, B Lévy, J L Samuel, A Mebazaa, J Hartmann, S Harm, V Weber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Jennifer Roche, Christelle Ramé, Maxime Reverchon, Namya Mellouk, Marion Cornuau, Fabrice Guerif, Pascal Froment, Joëlle Dupont
Apelin (APLN) is a recently discovered adipokine involved in the regulation of various metabolic functions. Its receptor, APLNR, is expressed in reproductive tissues, however, its role in human ovarian cells is unknown. In this study we identified APLN and APLNR in human ovarian follicles and analyzed their expression in granulosa cells and follicular fluid obtained from obese and non-obese patients, with or without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We also investigated the effect of APLN on steroidogenesis in cultured human luteinized granulosa cells (hGCs) from non-obese patients without PCOS...
September 28, 2016: Biology of Reproduction
Prashant Kumar, Anisha Ashokan, Gopala Krishna Aradhyam
BACKGROUND: Human APJ receptor (APJR), a rhodopsin family G-Protein Coupled Receptor (GPCR), activated by isoforms of peptide ligand apelin causing potent inotropic effect, is involved in cardiac function, angiogenesis and maintenance of fluid homeostasis. APJR is expressed in various organs e.g., heart, brain, kidney, muscles, etc. Hence, problems in APJR signaling lead to severe dysregulation in the pathophysiology of an organism. METHODS: Based on multiple sequence alignment of receptors from various organisms, we observe a large number of conserved residues in the extracellular side...
September 23, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Taj Pari Kalantaripour, Saeed Esmaeili-Mahani, Vahid Sheibani, Majid Asadi-Shekaari, Hamzeh Pasban-Aliabadi
Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder with no effective treatment or cure. Neuropeptide apelin is an endogenous ligand of angiotensin receptor-like 1 (APJ). It has been shown that apelin has protective and anti-neurodegenerative properties. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of apelin-13 on pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced rat model of seizure. Adult male Wistar rats were divided into the experimental groups as follows: control group receiving PTZ; apelin-treated group which received apelin-13 before PTZ; apelin+F13A-treated group which received apelin-13 plus the apelin receptor antagonist (F13A) before PTZ; apelin+naloxone group which received apelin-13+naloxone before PTZ...
September 21, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Farzaneh Faraji Shahrivar, Mohammad Badavi, Mahin Dianat, Ali Mard, Akram Ahangarpour, Alireza Samarbaf-Zadeh
The most important conditions associated with hypothyroidism is the cardiac dysfunction. Apelin is an endogenous ligand, involved in energy storage and metabolism which improves cardiac contractility. This study was done to evaluate the effects of apelin, l-Thyroxin (T4) or a combination of both, on cardiac function and mRNA expression of two contractile proteins, α and β myosin heavy chain (α-MHC and β-MHC), in 6-propyl-2-thiouracil (PTU)-induced hypothyroid rats. Forty male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into five groups: Ctrl (Control), and 4 hypothyroid groups (H, HA, HT, and HAT)...
September 20, 2016: Gene
Haoliang Hu, Lu He, Lanfang Li, Linxi Chen
The G-protein-coupled receptor APJ and its endogenous ligand apelin are widely expressed in many peripheral tissues and central nervous system, including adipose tissue, skeletal muscles and hypothalamus. Apelin/APJ system, involved in numerous physiological functions like angiogenesis, fluid homeostasis and energy metabolism regulation, is notably implicated in the development of different pathologies such as diabetes and its complications. Increasing evidence suggests that apelin regulates insulin sensitivity, stimulates glucose utilization and enhances brown adipogenesis in different tissues associated with diabetes...
September 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Feng Huang, Qiuxia Huang, Fan Lin, Pengli Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Apelin activity plays a role in regulating blood pressure. This study explored the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Apelin gene (APLN) with hypertension and hypertension with central retinal artery equivalent (CRAE) stenosis in a coastal Chinese population. DESIGN AND METHOD: All subjects answered an epidemiological survey for demographic and disease characteristics. Apelin levels were determined and three APLN SNPs, rs56204867, rs3115757, and rs3761581, were evaluated...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Wook-Jin Chung
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a life-threatening disorder with a poor prognosis and causes pulmonary vascular remodeling accompanied with increased pulmonary arterial medial wall thickness and fibrosis, which leads to vascular and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. Despite treatment with prostacyclin, endothelin antagonist, and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors the 1-year mortality rate of PAH still remains high. Recent registries, clinical trials, and basic researches have been increasing the knowledge of PAH and it would contribute to potential therapeutic strategies and better clinical outcome...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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