keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pct crp

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203255/the-influencing-factors-on-procalcitonin-values-in-newborns-with-noninfectious-conditions-during-the-first-week-of-life
#1
Jueseong Lee, Yong Hyeon Bang, Eun Hee Lee, Byung Min Choi, Young Sook Hong
PURPOSE: Although procalcitonin (PCT) level is useful for the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis, PCT reliability is inconsistent because of the varied conditions encountered in neonatal intensive care units. This study aimed to investigate PCT levels and factors influencing increased PCT levelin newborns without bacterial infection during the first week of life. METHODS: In newborns hospitalized between March 2013 and October 2015, PCT levels were measured on the first, third, and seventh days after birth...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182347/the-diagnostic-value-of-procalcitonin-versus-other-biomarkers-in-prediction-of-bloodstream-infection
#2
Ya-Ping Pan, Ya-Ping Fang, Yuan-Hong Xu, Zhong-Xin Wang, Ji-Lu Shen
BACKGROUND: We compared the diagnostic utility of procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and hematological markers, including white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophils (NEU), percentage of neutrophils (NEU%), lymphocytes (LYM), neutrophil-lymphocyte count ratio (NLCR), and platelet count (PLT) for predicting bloodstream infection (BSI), which was confirmed by blood culture (BC). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted for 1807 inpatients. The level of PCT, CRP, blood cells, and blood culture results were compared between the positive blood culture group and negative blood culture group; each indicator was analyzed in the performance of bacterial BSI diagnosis by drawing ROC curves...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164563/cell-free-dna-and-procalcitonin-as-early-markers-of-complications-in-icu-patients-with-multiple-trauma-and-major-surgery
#3
Asmaa I Ahmed, Randa A Soliman, Shereif Samir
BACKGROUND: Cell free DNA (cfDNA) was recently suggested as a new marker of sepsis and poor outcome in ICU patients. Procalcitonin has also been the focus of attention as an early marker for systemic inflammation and sepsis. METHODS: cfDNA, procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and lactate levels were measured in 30 ICU patients with multiple trauma or after major surgery on the first day of admission and on 5th and 7th days for PCT, CRP, and lactate. cfDNA was measured by real-time PCR, PCT by ELISA, CRP immunoturbidimetrically, and lactate spectrophotometrically...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158976/the-role-of-serum-procalcitonin-in-establishing-the-diagnosis-and-prognosis-of-pleural-infection
#4
Giles Dixon, Adriana Lama-Lopez, Oliver J Bintcliffe, Anna J Morley, Clare E Hooper, Nick A Maskell
BACKGROUND: Bacterial pleural infection requires prompt identification to enable appropriate investigation and treatment. In contrast to commonly used biomarkers such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and white cell count (WCC), which can be raised due to non-infective inflammatory processes, procalcitonin (PCT) has been proposed as a specific biomarker of bacterial infection. The utility of PCT in this role is yet to be validated in a large prospective trial. This study aimed to identify whether serum PCT is superior to CRP and WCC in establishing the diagnosis of bacterial pleural infection...
February 3, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151913/factors-predicting-surgical-site-infection-after-posterior-lumbar-surgery-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#5
Tao Wang, Hui Wang, Da-Long Yang, Li-Qiang Jiang, Li-Jun Zhang, Wen-Yuan Ding
This is a retrospective study.The purpose of this study is to explore incidence and risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI) after posterior lumbar surgery.SSI is a common complication after posterior lumbar surgery, bringing mental and physical pain and prolonging hospital stay. However, predisposing factors, as reported less, remain controversial.Patients who underwent posterior lumbar surgery at 3 centers between 2006 and 2016 were included. The possible factors include 3 aspects: demographic variables-age, sex, body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip radio (WHR), hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, smoking, drinking, steroidal injection, surgical time between June and September, preoperative shower; blood test variables-white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil, red blood cell (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb), total protein (TP), albumin, albumin/globulin (A/G), C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and surgical related variables-operation time, blood loss, operative level, instrumentation, incision length...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149576/duration-of-antibiotic-therapy-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#6
REVIEW
Gabor Zilahi, Mary Aisling McMahon, Pedro Povoa, Ignacio Martin-Loeches
There are certain well defined clinical situations where prolonged therapy is beneficial, but prolonged duration of antibiotic therapy is associated with increased resistance, medicalising effects, high costs and adverse drug reactions. The best way to decrease antibiotic duration is both to stop antibiotics when not needed (sterile invasive cultures with clinical improvement), not to start antibiotics when not indicated (treating colonization) and keep the antibiotic course as short as possible. The optimal duration of antimicrobial treatment for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is unknown, however, there is a growing evidence that reduction in the length of antibiotic courses to 7-8 days can minimize the consequences of antibiotic overuse in critical care, including antibiotic resistance, adverse effects, collateral damage and costs...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149138/role-of-procalcitonin-in-evaluation-of-the-severity-of-acute-cholecystitis
#7
Yucel Yuzbasioglu, Hikmet Duymaz, Ceren Sen Tanrikulu, Huseyin Cahit Halhalli, Mirac Ozturk Koc, Meral Tandoğan, Figen Coskun
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between procalcitonin (PCT) level and the severity of acute cholecystitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 200 patients diagnosed with acute cholecystitis. To diagnose and assess the severity of acute cholecystitis; physical examination and abdominal ultrasound findings were evaluated and blood samples were taken to determine white blood cell (WBC) count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and levels of coagulation factors, blood gas, C-reactive protein (CRP) and PCT...
October 2016: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138311/specific-networks-of-plasma-acute-phase-reactants-are-associated-with-the-severity-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-case-control-study
#8
Elena Arellano-Orden, Carmen Calero-Acuña, Juan Antonio Cordero, María Abad-Arranz, Verónica Sánchez-López, Eduardo Márquez-Martín, Francisco Ortega-Ruiz, José Luis López-Campos
Objectives. A detailed understanding of the intricate relationships between different acute phase reactants (APRs) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can shed new light on its clinical course. In this case-control study, we sought to identify the interaction networks of a number of plasma APRs in COPD, with a special focus on their association with disease severity. Methods. COPD cases and healthy smoking controls (3:1 ratio) were recruited in our outpatient pulmonary clinic. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing was used to rule out the presence of ischemic heart disease...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135842/annals-express-diagnostic-accuracy-of-lipopolysaccharide-binding-protein-for-sepsis-in-patients-with-suspected-infection-in-the-emergency-department
#9
Luis García de Guadiana Romualdo, María Dolores Albaladejo Otón, Sergio Rebollo Acebes, Patricia Esteban Torrella, Ana Hernando-Holgado, Enrique Jiménez Santos, Roberto Jiménez Sánchez, Alejandro Ortín Freire
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers can facilitate the diagnosis of sepsis, enabling early management and improving outcomes. Lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) has been reported as a biomarker for detection of infection, but its diagnostic value is controversial. In this study, we assessed the diagnostic accuracy of LBP for sepsis in emergency department (ED) patients, comparing it with more established biomarkers of sepsis, including procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP). METHODS: LBP and other sepsis biomarkers, including PCT and CRP, were measured on admission in 102 adult patients presenting with suspected infection...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135840/annals-express-a-systematic-evaluation-of-immunoassay-point-of-care-testing-to-define-impact-on-patients-outcomes
#10
Valentina Pecoraro, Giuseppe Banfi, Luca Germagnoli, Tommaso Trenti
BACKGROUND: Point of Care testing (POCT) has been developed to provide rapid test results. Most published studies focus on analytical performance, neglecting its impact on patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To review the analytical performance and accuracy of POCT specifically planned for immunoassay, and to evaluate the impact of faster results on patient management. METHODS: A search of electronic databases for studies reporting immunoassay results obtained in both POCT and central laboratory scenarios was performed...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133789/diagnostic-performance-of-procalcitonin-presepsin-and-c-reactive-protein-in-patients-with-hematological-malignancies
#11
Yasuhiro Ebihara, Kiyoko Kobayashi, Akaru Ishida, Tomoya Maeda, Naoki Takahashi, Yoshitada Taji, Norio Asou, Kenji Ikebuchi
INTRODUCTION: Infections represent a major complication of hematological malignancies. C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) have been used as diagnostic biomarkers of infections, but do not produce definitive findings. Recently, a new biomarker, presepsin, has been used as a diagnostic tool for detecting infections in the fields of emergency and neonatal medicine. However, the usefulness of presepsin for identifying infections in patients with hematological malignancies, including those who develop febrile neutropenia, remains unclear...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108813/relationship-between-il-27-and-coronary-arterial-lesions-in-children-with-kawasaki-disease
#12
Feifei Si, Yao Wu, Fang Gao, Siqi Feng, Ruixi Liu, Qijian Yi
Kawasaki disease (KD) arises due to the disorder of the inflammation response and faulty immune regulation. Interleukin-27 (IL-27) is a novel cytokine with both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory effects. This study investigated the relationship between serum levels of IL-27, Interleukin-17A (IL-17A), Interleukin-10 (IL-10), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and coronary artery lesions (CALs) in patients with KD. We obtained blood samples from 81 children with KD before intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy...
January 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079172/25-oh-d-and-1-25-oh-d-vitamin-d-fails-to-predict-sepsis-and-mortality-in-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Franz Ratzinger, Helmuth Haslacher, Markus Stadlberger, Ralf L J Schmidt, Markus Obermüller, Klaus G Schmetterer, Thomas Perkmann, Athanasios Makristathis, Rodrig Marculescu, Heinz Burgmann
The clinical role of vitamin D in sepsis and mortality prediction is controversially discussed. Therefore, we conducted a prospective cohort study on standard care wards, including 461 patients with suspected sepsis fulfilling two or more SIRS criteria. On the first and third day after onset of SIRS symptoms levels of 25(OH)D, 1,25(OH)D and sepsis biomarkers were analysed for their predictive capacity for identifying infection, bacteraemia and an elevated mortality risk. Additionally, several SNPs associated with vitamin D metabolism were evaluated...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040383/acute-care-diagnostic-collaboration-bayesian-modeling-comparative-diagnostic-assessment-of-lactate-procalcitonin-and-crp-in-risk-stratified-population-by-mortality-in-emergency-department-meds-score
#14
Laila Cochon, Anais Ovalle, José M Nicolás, Amado Alejandro Baez
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the diagnostic value of lactate, procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in low, moderate, and high-risk stratified population applying Mortality in Emergency Department (MEDS) risk score using Bayesian statistical modeling. METHODS: MEDS criteria was used to risk stratify into low, moderate and high risk. Each population was attributed a percentage risk, and used as pre-test probability in the Bayesian nomogram. Sensitivity and specificity lactate, PCT and CRP were attained from pooled meta-analysis data...
December 19, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039586/plasma-phospholipid-fatty-acid-profile-is-altered-in-both-septic-and-non-septic-critically-ill-a-correlation-with-inflammatory-markers-and-albumin
#15
František Novak, J Borovska, M Vecka, J Rychlikova, L Vavrova, H Petraskova, A Zak, O Novakova
This study analyzes fatty acid (FA) composition in plasma lipids and erythrocyte phospholipids while comparing septic and non-septic critically ill patients. The aim was to describe impacts of infection and the inflammatory process. Patients with severe sepsis (SP, n = 13); age-, sex- and APACHE II score-matched non-septic critically ill with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (NSP, n = 13); and age-/sex-matched healthy controls (HC, n = 13) were included in a prospective case-control study during the first 24 h after admission to the intensive care unit...
December 30, 2016: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038785/reduced-thrombin-activatable-fibrinolysis-inhibitor-and-enhanced-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-acute-coronary-syndrome
#16
H Pang, C Zhang, F Liu, X Gong, X Jin, C Su
OBJECTIVE: A study was made of the changes in the serum levels of thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI), proinflammatory cytokines and acute phase proteins in the acute stage of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), in order to explore the possibility of using TAFI as a biomarker for ACS risk assessment. METHODS: A total of 211 patients with ACS were enrolled, and healthy subjects were used as controls. Blood samples were taken within 24h after admission. Serum TAFI levels were determined by immunoturbidimetry...
December 27, 2016: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993631/infectious-complications-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-comparison-between-two-target-temperatures
#17
Josef Dankiewicz, Niklas Nielsen, Adam Linder, Michael Kuiper, Matthew P Wise, Tobias Cronberg, David Erlinge, Yvan Gasche, Matthew B Harmon, Christian Hassager, Janneke Horn, Jesper Kjaergaard, Tommaso Pellis, Pascal Stammet, Johan Undén, Michael Wanscher, Jørn Wetterslev, Anders Åneman, Susann Ullén, Nicole P Juffermans, Hans Friberg
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that target temperature management (TTM) increases the probability of infectious complications after cardiac arrest. We aimed to compare the incidence of pneumonia, severe sepsis and septic shock after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in patients with two target temperatures and to describe changes in biomarkers and possible mortality associated with these infectious complications. METHODS: Post-Hoc analysis of the TTM-trial which randomized patients resuscitated from OHCA to a target temperature of 33 °C or 36 °C...
December 16, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987397/prophylactic-versus-clinically-driven-antibiotics-in-comatose-survivors-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-randomized-pilot-study
#18
Suada Filekovic Ribaric, Matjaz Turel, Rihard Knafelj, Vojka Gorjup, Rade Stanic, Primoz Gradisek, Ognjen Cerovic, Tomislav Mirkovic, Marko Noc
AIM: To investigate benefits of prophylactic antibiotics in comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: Patients without evidence of tracheobronchial aspiration on admission bronchoscopy were randomized to prophylactic Amoxicillin-Clavulanic acid 1.2g every 8h (P) or clinically-driven antibiotics (C) administered if signs of infection developed during initial 7days of intensive care unit (ICU) stay. RESULTS: Among 83 patients enrolled between September 2013 and February 2015, tracheobronchial aspiration was documented in 23 (28%)...
February 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984536/interleukin-1-receptor-2-a-new-biomarker-for-sepsis-diagnosis-and-gram-negative-gram-positive-bacterial-differentiation
#19
Yuejiao Lang, Yu Jiang, Min Gao, Wenmei Wang, Nian Wang, Kangkai Wang, Huali Zhang, Guangwen Chen, Ke Liu, Meidong Liu, Mingshi Yang, Xianzhong Xiao
This study was undertaken to explore the value of interleukin-1 receptor 2 (IL1R2) as a novel potential biomarker for diagnosis of sepsis and discrimination of gram-negative (G)/gram-positive (G) bacterial sepsis. The study was performed in Kunming mice and septic patients. Inactive Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus aureus were used to stimulate Kunming mice (10 CFU/kg). In clinical study, septic patients with different pathogen infection were studied, and healthy volunteers and patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome without definite infection were enrolled as control...
January 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966308/serum-procalcitonin-and-c-reactive-protein-kinetics-as-indicators-of-treatmentoutcome-in-hospitalized-patients-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#20
Mehmet Sezai Taşbakan, Canan Gündüz, Abdullah Sayıner, Aykut Çilli, Burcu Çelenk Karaboğa, Ayşin Şakar Çoşkun, Feride Durmaz Yaman, Oğuz Kılınç, Öznur Kılıç Soylar
BACKGROUND/AIM: There has been growing interest in the use of serum procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The aim of this study was to investigate whether an assessment of fever, leukocyte count, and serum CRP and PCT levels on admission and during follow-up (day 3) provides any information about the clinical outcome in hospitalized patients with CAP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of CAP who were admitted to and followed at four university hospitals were evaluated retrospectively using the Turkish Thoracic Society Pneumonia Database...
November 17, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
keyword
keyword
30540
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"