keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Crime

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783180/reprint-of-cling-film-plastic-wrap-an-innovation-for-dead-body-packaging-preservation-and-transportation-by-first-responders-as-a-replacement-for-cadaver-body-bag-in-large-scale-disasters
#1
Lay See Khoo, Poh Soon Lai, Mohd Hilmi Saidin, Zahari Noor, Mohd Shah Mahmood
Cadaver body bags are the conventional method to contain a human body or human remains, which includes the use for storage and transportation of the deceased at any crime scene or disaster scene. During disasters, most often than not, the first responders including the police will be equipped with cadaver body bags to do scene processing of human remains and collection of personal belongings at the disaster site. However, in an unanticipated large scale disasters involving hundreds and thousands of fatalities, cadaver body bags supplies may be scarce...
May 18, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783179/staged-crime-scene-determination-by-handling-physical-and-digital-evidence-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Francesco Lupariello, Serena Curti, Janet Barber Duval, Giovanni Abbattista, Giancarlo Di Vella
Geberth in 2006 stated that "staging is a conscious criminal action on the part of an offender to thwart an investigation." In the present paper two crime scenes staged by handling digital evidence are reported. The first case involves a 50-year-old woman who had been living with the offender for three years before he murdered her at the end of their relationship. He staged the scene as a sex-related crime committed by an unknown perpetrator. The second case concerns a young woman who was found dead in Southern Italy in January 2004 with a gunshot on the forehead...
May 16, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783095/initiating-buprenorphine-treatment-prior-to-versus-after-release-from-prison-arrest-outcomes
#3
Michael S Gordon, Thomas R Blue, Kathryn Couvillion, Robert P Schwartz, Kevin E O'Grady, Terrence T Fitzgerald, Frank J Vocci
BACKGROUND: This secondary analysis of a randomized trial examines the association between initiation of buprenorphine treatment prior to, versus post-release, and rearrests during the 12-months following release. METHODS: Official rearrest data (N = 199) for the 12-months post-release were examined. Four outcomes were measured: (1) rearrested (yes/no), (2) time to rearrest, (3) number of rearrests, and (4) severity of charges (less severe vs. severe). RESULTS: A minority (43...
May 12, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781971/sexual-assault-nurse-examiner-forensic-examinations-for-immigrant-victims-a-case-study
#4
Amanda Payne
This case study examines how sexual assault nurse examiners (SANEs) in the United States are in a unique position to provide valuable medical forensic documentation for immigrant victims. In addition to providing evidence to solve crimes domestically, SANEs may help victims of persecution and human rights violations receive legally protected immigration status. Incorporating The Istanbul Protocol into practice provides SANEs with a tool to advocate for and protect the rights of immigrant victims both domestically and abroad...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781969/an-ecological-approach-toward-prevention-and-care-of-victims-of-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking
#5
Rosario V Sanchez, Dula F Pacquiao
Sex trafficking is a widespread form of human trafficking that exists globally. The forced sexual exploitation of young women for profit at the hands of traffickers is a human rights violation. Sex trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery where youths are sold as a commodity. It is difficult to determine the wide range of negative health outcomes associated with domestic minor sex trafficking due to the hidden nature of the crime and its lack of statistical data to determine prevalence. Viewing domestic minor sex trafficking through an ecological lens assists in the understanding of the multiple complex interactions between victims, their relationships, and environments that influence their health...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781579/poverty-neighborhoods-persistent-stress-and-sle-outcomes-a-qualitative-study-of-the-patients-perspective
#6
Edward Yelin, Laura Trupin, Jared Bunde, Jinoos Yazdany
OBJECTIVE: To obtain the perspective of individuals with SLE about the role of poverty, neighborhood, and chronic stress in SLE outcomes. METHODS: 723 persons with SLE were followed from 2003-2015 through annual structured interviews as part of the Lupus Outcomes Study to establish the effect of combinations of poverty, persistent poverty, living in an area of concentrated poverty, access to health care, and chronic stress on accumulated damage. We sampled 28 from the 723 on the basis of household income, geography, and outcomes in their last interview, and administered qualitative interviews to explore their perspectives on these factors on outcomes...
May 21, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780764/gender-differences-in-the-relationship-between-built-environment-and-non-communicable-diseases-a-systematic-review
#7
Joanna Sara Valson, V Raman Kutty
Non-communicable diseases are on the rise globally. Risk factors of non-communicable diseases continue to be a growing concern in both developed and developing countries. With significant rise in population and establishment of buildings, rapid changes have taken place in the built environment. Relationship between health and place, particularly with non-communicable diseases has been established in previous literature. This systematic review assesses the current evidence on influence of gender in the relationship between built environment and non-communicable diseases...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778501/the-discrimination-of-geoforensic-trace-material-from-close-proximity-locations-by-organic-profiling-using-hplc-and-plant-wax-marker-analysis-by-gc
#8
G McCulloch, L A Dawson, J M Ross, R M Morgan
There is a need to develop a wider empirical research base to expand the scope for utilising the organic fraction of soil in forensic geoscience, and to demonstrate the capability of the analytical techniques used in forensic geoscience to discriminate samples at close proximity locations. The determination of wax markers from soil samples by GC analysis has been used extensively in court and is known to be effective in discriminating samples from different land use types. A new HPLC method for the analysis of the organic fraction of forensic sediment samples has also been shown recently to add value in conjunction with existing inorganic techniques for the discrimination of samples derived from close proximity locations...
May 16, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777981/bare-footprint-metric-analysis-methods-for-comparison-and-identification-in-forensic-examinations-a-review-of-literature
#9
REVIEW
Richa Mukhra, Kewal Krishan, Tanuj Kanchan
Footprint is one of the most common types of physical evidence recovered at a crime scene. The forensic footprint evidence may play an important role in establishing the identity of a person; therefore, its examination is of prime importance. A link may be established by observing and comparing the morphological features of footprints with the perpetrator. These barefoot prints may be present as a two-dimensional print or a three-dimensional imprint depending on the substrate upon which they have been impressed upon and accordingly different methods and techniques are implemented in order to identify the questioned prints...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777976/exploration-of-the-effect-of-violent-crime-on-recreational-and-transportation-walking-by-path-and-structural-equation-models
#10
Devajyoti Deka, Charles T Brown, James Sinclair
To examine how violent crime affects people's recreational and transportation walking duration in daytime and after dark on a typical day, this study undertakes associative and causal analyses with geo-referenced crime data, street-audit data, and data collected through an intercept survey in a three-municipality region of New Jersey that is predominantly inhabited by low-income and minority populations. Survey data was collected from 1173 respondents at 87 intersections selected by stratified random sampling...
May 16, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777122/alcohol-facilitates-detection-of-concealed-identity-information
#11
Kristina Suchotzki, Matthias Gamer
The Concealed Information Test (CIT) is a well-validated means to detect whether someone possesses certain (e.g., crime-relevant) information. The current study investigated whether alcohol intoxication during CIT administration influences reaction time (RT) CIT-effects. Two opposing predictions can be made. First, by decreasing attention to critical information, alcohol intoxication could diminish CIT-effects. Second, by hampering the inhibition of truthful responses, alcohol intoxication could increase CIT-effects...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775859/facilitating-complex-dna-mixture-interpretation-by-sequencing-highly-polymorphic-haplotypes
#12
Lev Voskoboinik, Uzi Motro, Ariel Darvasi
Interpretation of complex DNA mixtures is an ongoing challenge in the field of forensic genetics. Commonly used STR markers are quite polymorphic, enabling very high statistical association between a single source DNA profile from a crime scene and a matching suspect. STR typing of low order mixtures with two and three contributors also commonly produces high statistical association for a contributor, using current interpretation software. However higher order mixtures, with four contributors or more, are more challenging...
May 2, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775475/perceptions-of-community-safety-and-social-activity-participation-among-youth-in-south-africa
#13
Nicole De Wet, Oluwaseyi Somefun, Ndivhuwo Rambau
BACKGROUND: Crime and violence causes massive disruptions to the health, survival and development of populations. In South Africa, incredibly high rates of crime and violence are noted. The country also has a very large youth population whose health, survival and development are key to economic growth. Among other efforts to encourage healthy youth development and the promotion of social activities such as sports, youth groups, choirs and so forth. This study examines the relationship between perceived community safety and the uptake of social activities among youth in South Africa...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772072/the-forensic-confirmation-bias-a-comparison-between-experts-and-novices
#14
Claire A J van den Eeden, Christianne J de Poot, Peter J van Koppen
A large body of research has described the influence of context information on forensic decision-making. In this study, we examined the effect of context information on the search for and selection of traces by students (N = 36) and crime scene investigators (N = 58). Participants investigated an ambiguous mock crime scene and received prior information indicating suicide, a violent death or no information. Participants described their impression of the scene and wrote down which traces they wanted to secure...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770923/formerly-incarcerated-parents-and-their-children
#15
Bruce Western, Natalie Smith
The negative effects of incarceration on child well-being are often linked to the economic insecurity of formerly incarcerated parents. Researchers caution, however, that the effects of parental incarceration may be small in the presence of multiple-partner fertility and other family complexity. Despite these claims, few studies have directly observed either economic insecurity or the full extent of family complexity. We study parent-child relationships with a unique data set that includes detailed information about economic insecurity and family complexity among parents just released from prison...
May 16, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770428/teaching-preschool-children-to-report-suspicious-packages-to-adults
#16
Michael E May, Ashley M Shayter, Ayla Schmick, Becky Barron, Meghan Doherty, Matthew Johnson
Law enforcement agencies stress that public reporting of terror-related crime is the predominant means for disrupting these actions. However, schools may be unprepared because the majority of the populace may not understand the threat of suspicious materials or what to do when they are found on school grounds. The purpose of this study was to systematically teach preschool children to identify and report suspicious packages across three experiments. In the first experiment, we used multiple exemplar training to teach children to identify the characteristics of safe and unsafe packages...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768992/the-effect-of-sex-and-perpetrator-victim-relationship-on-perceptions-of-domestic-homicide
#17
Linda C Karlsson, Tuulia Malén, Johanna K Kaakinen, Jan Antfolk
Previous research on how stereotypes affect perceptions of intimate partner violence and domestic homicide has found that violence committed by men is perceived as more severe and judged more harshly than violence committed by women. The present mock jury study investigated how perpetrator sex (male or female), crime type (familicide or filicide), and relatedness between perpetrator and child victims (biological or step) affect laypeople's perceptions of the appropriate consequence of the crime, the reason for the offense, responsibility of the perpetrator, the likelihood of certain background factors being present, and the risk of future violence...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767771/do-sleep-and-psychological-distress-mediate-the-association-between-neighborhood-factors-and-pain
#18
Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Tamara Dubowitz, Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Daniel Buysse, Lauren Hale, Matthew Buman, Wendy Troxel
Objective: Pain affects millions of American adults. However, individuals from socioeconomically disadvantaged groups experience higher rates of pain, and individuals from racial/ethnic minorities report greater pain severity and pain-related disability. Some studies find an association between neighborhood socioeconomic status and pain. The present study aimed to further understand the association between neighborhood disadvantage and pain, including the role of objective (e.g., crime rates) and subjective neighborhood characteristics (e...
May 14, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766757/a-comparison-of-juror-decision-making-in-race-based-and-sexual-orientation-based-hate-crime-cases
#19
Bradlee W Gamblin, Andre Kehn, Karen Vanderzanden, Joelle C Ruthig, Kelly M Jones, Brittney L Long
Several constructs have been identified as relevant to the juror decision-making process in hate crime cases. However, there is a lack of research on the relationships between these constructs and their variable influence across victim group. The purpose of the current study was to reexamine factors relevant to the juror decision-making process in hate crime cases within a structural model, and across victim group, to gauge the relative strength and explanatory power of various predictors. In the current study, 313 participants sentenced a perpetrator found guilty of a hate crime committed against either a Black man or a gay man; participants also responded to individual difference measures relevant to mock juror hate crime decision making, including prejudice toward the victim's social group...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763684/promoting-health-equity-to-prevent-crime
#20
Dylan B Jackson, Michael G Vaughn
Traditionally, research activities aimed at diminishing health inequalities and preventing crime have been conducted in isolation, with relatively little cross-fertilization. We argue that moving forward, transdisciplinary collaborations that employ a life-course perspective constitute a productive approach to minimizing both health disparities and early delinquent involvement. Specifically, we propose a multidimensional framework that integrates findings on health disparities and crime across the early life-course and emphasizes the role of racial and socioeconomic disparities in health...
May 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
keyword
keyword
30537
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"