keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Equinus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431451/-experience-with-the-hind-foot-relaxation-boot
#1
Hans Zwipp, Michael Borrmann, Eberhard Walter
The goal of this paper is to report our experience with hindfoot fractures using our specially developed boot, with a follow-up of 557 cases. This boot works like the well-known Allgöwer-Röck ortheses (ARO), but is a hybrid between a boot and an orthesis. It allows full weightbearing without using crutches and completely protects an acutely operated hind foot fracture, hind foot arthrodesis or a hind foot fracture which is suitable for conservative treatment. In its first generation, this boot was custom made and used in 408 cases, from March 1999 to February 2011...
April 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413894/isolated-gastrocnemius-recession-for-the-treatment-of-achilles-tendinopathy
#2
Kenneth S Smith, Caleb Jones, Zachariah Pinter, Ashish Shah
BACKGROUND: Various treatment modalities have been described for Achilles tendinopathy with varying degrees of success. The rationale for the gastrocnemius recession procedure is to decrease the mechanical overload of the Achilles tendon arising from an equinus contracture. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 25 patients who underwent an isolated gastrocnemius recession procedure at our institution between May 2013 and April 2015 by a single surgeon. Clinical outcome was evaluated on the basis of pain, utilizing visual analog scale (VAS) scores and the Foot Function Index (FFI) by telephonic interview...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410782/posterior-arthroscopic-tibiotalar-arthrodesis-anatomic-feasibility-study
#3
Louis Malekpour, Said Rahali, Damien Potage, Fabrice Duparc, Franck Dujardin, Xavier Roussignol
Anterior arthroscopic tibiotalar arthrodesis has been well codified. A posterior approach with the patient in prone position is indicated when the anterior approach is precluded by soft tissue issues or for a 1-step procedure associated with posterior subtalar fusion. In an anatomic study, we assessed the feasibility of posterior arthroscopic tibiotalar fusion and sought to determine the arthroscopy entry points, mortise cartilage freshening quality, and risk of osseous, tendinous, vascular, and neural complications...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385185/antibody-responses-to-botulinum-neurotoxin-type-a-of-toxin-treated-spastic-equinus-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-two-injection-schedules
#4
Minako Oshima, Philip Deitiker, Tandy Hastings-Ison, K Roger Aoki, H Kerr Graham, M Zouhair Atassi
We have conducted a 26-month-long comparative study involving young patients (2-6years old) with a clinical diagnosis of spastic equinus secondary to cerebral palsy who have been treated with BoNT/A (BOTOX®, Allergan) tri-annually or annually. Serum samples were obtained to determine the presence or absence of blocking antibodies (Abs) by a mouse protection assay (MPA) and levels of anti-BoNT/A Abs by radioimmune assay (RIA). HLA DQ alleles were typed using blood samples to determine the possible association of certain HLA type(s) with the disease or with the Ab status...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369824/medial-gastrocnemius-and-soleus-muscle-tendon-unit-fascicle-and-tendon-interaction-during-walking-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
Lee Barber, Chris Carty, Luca Modenese, John Walsh, Roslyn Boyd, Glen Lichtwark
AIM: This study investigates the in vivo function of the medial gastrocnemius and soleus muscle-tendon units (MTU), fascicles, and tendons during walking in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and an equinus gait pattern. METHOD: Fourteen children with CP (9 males, 5 females; mean age 10y 6mo, standard deviation [SD] 2y 11mo; GMFCS level I=8, II=6), and 10 typically developing (6 males, 4 females; mean age 10y, SD 2y 1mo) undertook full body 3D gait analysis and simultaneous B-mode ultrasound images of the medial gastrocnemius and soleus fascicles during level walking...
April 1, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367689/operative-anatomy-of-the-medial-gastrocnemius-recession-vs-the-proximal-medial-gastrocnemius-recession
#6
Nathan Kaplan, Xavier Fowler, Noorullah Maqsoodi, Benedict DiGiovanni, Irvin Oh
BACKGROUND: Isolated gastrocnemius contracture (IGC) is associated with various foot and ankle pathologies. To address the problem of IGC, a number of gastrocnemius lengthening procedures have been described. Although proximal medial gastrocnemius recession (PMGR) has shown to be an effective operative treatment for IGC, it poses risks to various anatomic structures around the knee joint and requires the patient to be positioned prone. As an alternative, we proposed to release the medial gastrocnemius at the division between the proximal one-third and distal two-thirds of the gastrocnemius muscle to correct equinus contracture, while minimizing risk to other structures...
April 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363068/isolation-of-streptococci-from-a-fatal-case-of-myocarditis-in-a-captive-brown-bear-ursus-arctos
#7
Volkan Ipek, Huban Gocmen, I Taci Cangul
A 10-yr-old, male brown bear ( Ursus arctos ) from Bursa Zoo in Turkey died without any apparent signs. Severe purulent pericarditis and myocarditis with mild ascites, lung edema, and moderate liver congestion were observed during necropsy. Microscopically, there were severe neutrophilic infiltrations in the myocardium and thoracic lymph nodes. A member of the Streptococcus bovis - Streptococcus equinus complex (SBSEC) was isolated and identified phenotypically.
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318780/surface-electromyogram-and-muscle-ultrasonography-for-detection-of-muscle-fasciculations-in-pediatric-peripheral-neuropathy
#8
Masayoshi Oguri, Yoshiaki Saito, Tetsuya Okazaki, Wataru Matsumura, Koyo Ohno, Masami Togawa, Chisako Fukuda, Yuko Saito, Ichizo Nishino, Yoshihiro Maegaki
A 12-year-old girl presented with talipes equinus of both legs, attenuation of upper and lower limb tendon reflexes, thermal hyperalgesia, and reduction of vibratory sensation. On clinical examination, muscle twitches of fingers of both hands, as well as the abductor halluces and the dorsal interossei muscles of the right foot were observed. Nerve conduction velocity was significantly declined in the upper and lower extremities. Needle electromyography (EMG) was not performed; however, ultrasonography revealed repetitive, semi-regular muscle twitches lasting 0...
March 16, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259030/a-pilot-investigation-into-the-relationship-between-static-diagnosis-of-ankle-equinus-and-dynamic-ankle-and-foot-dorsiflexion-during-stance-phase-of-gait-time-to-revisit-theory
#9
Alfred Gatt, Stephanie De Giorgio, Nachiappan Chockalingam, Cynthia Formosa
BACKGROUND: Although the clinical assessment of ankle dorsiflexion has traditionally been measured utilising various goniometric means, the validity of this static examination has never been investigated. Since any impairment in ankle flexibility is likely to result in injuries, it is imperative that the correct examination technique is conducted. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: To determine whether a clinical diagnosis of ankle equinus, or limited ankle dorsiflexion, correlates with a decreased dorsiflexion range of movement of the foot and ankle during gait...
March 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257680/surgical-correction-of-the-achilles-tendon-for-diabetic-foot-ulcerations-and-charcot-neuroarthropathy
#10
REVIEW
Crystal L Ramanujam, Thomas Zgonis
Achilles tendon pathologic conditions are implicated in contributing to the development of many diabetic foot complications including diabetic foot ulceration and Charcot neuroarthropathy. Surgical correction of the diabetic equinus deformity has been studied as an isolated or adjunctive treatment when dealing with difficult-to-close diabetic foot ulcerations or when surgically addressing the diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy foot or ankle. This article reviews the most common indications, complications, and surgical procedures for equinus correction by either a tendo-Achilles lengthening or gastrocnemius recession for the management of diabetic foot conditions...
April 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257675/equinus-and-lengthening-techniques
#11
REVIEW
Patrick A DeHeer
Equinus is linked to most lower extremity biomechanically related disorders. Defining equinus as ankle joint dorsiflexion less than 5° of dorsiflexion with the knee extended is the basis for evaluation and management of the deformity. Consistent evaluation methodology using a goniometer with the subtalar joint in neutral position and midtarsal joint supinated while dorsiflexing the ankle with knee extended provides a consistent clinical examination. For equinus deformity with an associated disorder, comprehensive treatment mandates treatment of the equinus deformity...
April 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242571/predictors-for-anterior-pelvic-tilt-following-surgical-correction-of-flexed-knee-gait-including-patellar-tendon-shortening-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
Harald Böhm, Matthias Hösl, Leonhard Döderlein
INTRODUCTION: Patellar tendon shortening procedure within single event multilevel surgeries was shown to improve crouch gait in Cerebral Palsy (CP) patients. However, one of the drawbacks associated to the correction of flexed knee gait may be increased pelvic anterior tilt with compensatory lumbar lordosis. RESEARCH QUESTION: Which CP patients are at risk for excessive anterior pelvic tilt following correction of flexed knee gait including patellar tendon shortening? METHODS: 32 patients with CP between 8 and 18 years GMFCS I&II were included...
February 21, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167343/association-between-ankle-equinus-and-plantar-pressures-in-people-with-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
A Searle, M J Spink, A Ho, V H Chuter
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world and is associated with a life-time risk of foot ulcer of 12-25%. Diabetes related restriction in ankle joint range of dorsiflexion is proposed to contribute to elevated plantar pressures implicated in the development of foot ulcers. METHODS: A systematic search of EBSCO Megafile Premier (containing MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTSdiscus and Academic Search Complete) and The Cochrane Library was conducted to 23rd November 2016...
January 31, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167057/gastrocnemius-or-achilles-lengthening-at-time-of-trauma-fixation
#14
REVIEW
Stephen K Benirschke, Patricia Ann Kramer
Gastrocnemius equinus is a frequent comorbidity with traumatic injuries of the foot and ankle. Gastrocnemius lengthening at the time of definitive treatment facilitates obtaining and maintaining an anatomic reduction of the injury. The lengthening procedure is accomplished in 5 steps and results in fewer long-term, problematic sequelae.
March 2017: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068857/abobotulinumtoxina-dysport-%C3%A2-improves-function-according-to-goal-attainment-in-children-with-dynamic-equinus-due-to-cerebral-palsy
#15
Ann Tilton, Barry Russman, Resa Aydin, Umit Dincer, Raul G Escobar, Sehim Kutlay, Zbigniew Lipczyk, Juan Carlos Velez, Anne-Sophie Grandoulier, Anissa Tse, Philippe Picaut, Mauricio R Delgado
This secondary analysis of a large (n = 241), randomized, double-blind study evaluated the efficacy of 2 doses of abobotulinumtoxinA + standard of care (SOC) versus placebo + SOC in enabling children with dynamic equinus due to cerebral palsy to achieve their functional goals using Goal Attainment Scaling. Most parents/caregivers selected goals targeting aspects of gait improvement as most relevant. Mean (95% confidence interval) Goal Attainment Scaling T scores at week 4 were higher for both abobotulinumtoxinA groups versus placebo (treatment difference vs placebo: 10 U/kg/leg: 5...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050536/functional-and-clinical-results-achieved-in-congenital-clubfoot-patients-treated-by-ponseti-s-technique
#16
Pedro Augusto Jaqueto, Guilherme Salgado Martins, Fernando Saddi Mennucci, Cintia Kelly Bittar, José Luís Amim Zabeu
OBJECTIVES: To analyze and evaluate functional and clinical results in patients with congenital clubfoot treated with Ponseti's technique. METHODS: This study evaluated 31 patients diagnosed with 51 congenital clubfeet, treated between April 2006 and September 2011 with Ponseti's technique. The patients who did not achieve an equinus correction with manipulation were treated with Achilles tenotomy. An anterior tibial tendon transfer was performed in patients who maintained residual adduction...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040086/monofocal-bone-transport-technique-for-bone-defects-greater-than-5-cm-in-tibia-our-experience-in-a-case-series-of-24-patients
#17
Kemal Aktuglu, Hüseyin Günay, Jabrayil Alakbarov
BACKGROUND: As the tibial bone defect increases in size, the problems in treatment also increase. The treatment may be problematic but different treatment approaches can be used. Among these approaches, distraction osteogenesis is a method an orthopedic surgeon with limited conditions can use although it has a longer treatment period. In our case series, we evaluated current treatment approaches. METHOD: Retrospective study based on patient records and radiographs...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039521/echs1-deficiency-associated-paroxysmal-exercise-induced-dyskinesias-case-presentation-and-initial-benefit-of-intervention
#18
Abhimanyu Mahajan, Jules Constantinou, Christos Sidiropoulos
Paroxysmal exercise-induced dyskinesias (PED) are paroxysmal dyskinesias which manifest as dystonic movements brought on by sustained exercise. ECHS1 deficiency-induced EID was recently described by Olgiati et al. Our patient is an 8-year-old boy, who presented with intermittent episodes of stiffness and contractions affecting the legs which were always brought on by vigorous exertion. They began with curling of the toes and flexion, followed by stiffening of gait. These episodes were asymmetric, uncomfortable and often began in the left leg, often spreading to the right leg...
January 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030511/ankle-distraction-arthroplasty-indications-technique-and-outcomes
#19
Mitchell Bernstein, Jay Reidler, Austin Fragomen, S Robert Rozbruch
Ankle distraction is an alternative to ankle arthrodesis or total ankle arthroplasty in younger patients with arthritis. Ankle distraction involves the use of external fixation to mechanically unload the ankle joint, which allows for stable, congruent range of motion in the setting of decreased mechanical loading, potentially promoting cartilage repair. Adjunct surgical procedures are frequently done to address lower-extremity malalignment, ankle equinus contractures, and impinging tibiotalar osteophytes. Patients can bear full weight during the treatment course...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989345/gravity-equinus-position-to-control-the-tendon-length-of-reversed-free-tendon-flap-reconstruction-for-chronic-achilles-tendon-rupture
#20
Takaki Sanada, Eiji Uchiyama
Repair of chronic Achilles tendon rupture is a surgical challenge. We describe the use of a free turndown tendon flap augmentation raised from the proximal gastrocnemius aponeurosis. To control optimal tension or the reconstructed Achilles tendon length, we used an original method by referring to the gravity planter flexion ankle angle of the contralateral limb. Key aspects of the technique are described. A retrospective analysis of the short-term outcomes achieved in a case series (n = 56) is presented. The postoperative anthropometric findings are also presented to indicate the successful outcomes achieved with this technique...
January 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
keyword
keyword
30524
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"