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Roberta Assante, Alberto Cuocolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Elinor Goshen, Leonid Beilin, Eli Stern, Tal Kenig, Ronen Goldkorn, Simona Ben-Haim
BACKGROUND: The performance of a prototype novel digital single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) camera with multiple pixelated CZT detectors and high sensitivity collimators (Digital SPECT; Valiance X12 prototype, Molecular Dynamics) was evaluated in various clinical settings. Images obtained in the prototype system were compared to images from an analog camera fitted with high-resolution collimators. Clinical feasibility, image quality, and diagnostic performance of the prototype were evaluated in 36 SPECT studies in 35 patients including bone (n = 21), brain (n = 5), lung perfusion (n = 3), and parathyroid (n = 3) and one study each of sentinel node and labeled white blood cells...
March 14, 2018: EJNMMI Physics
Szu-Ying Tsai, Shan-Ying Wang, Yu-Chien Shiau, Yen-Wen Wu
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an often under-diagnosed cause of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). It affects 1/500 of the population, is the most commonly inherited cardiovascular disorder, and can present in apical, concentric, or septal forms. Although most patients are asymptomatic, sudden cardiac death can be the initial presentation of HCM. By retrospectively enrolling patients suspected of having three different types of HCM in the absence of epicardial coronary stenosis, we aimed to examine systolic and diastolic dysfunction and perfusion abnormalities using both Doppler echocardiography and state-of-the-art gated single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with a cadmium-zinc-telluride camera and thallium-201...
March 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Saurabh Malhotra, Rami Doukky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Denis Agostini, Vincent Roule, Catherine Nganoa, Nathaniel Roth, Raphael Baavour, Jean-Jacques Parienti, Farzin Beygui, Alain Manrique
PURPOSE: We assessed the feasibility of myocardial blood flow (MBF) and flow reserve (MFR) estimation using dynamic SPECT with a novel CZT camera in patients with stable CAD, in comparison with15 O-water PET and fractional flow reserve (FFR). METHODS: Thirty patients were prospectively included and underwent FFR measurements in the main coronary arteries (LAD, LCx, RCA). A stenosis ≥50% was considered obstructive and a FFR abnormal if ≤0.8. All patients underwent a dynamic rest/stress99m Tc-sestamibi CZT-SPECT and15 O-water PET for MBF and MFR calculation...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Rene Nkoulou, Mathias Wolfrum, Aju P Pazhenkottil, Michael Fiechter, Ronny R Buechel, Oliver Gaemperli, Philipp A Kaufmann
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) during high dobutamine stress (HD) by real-time gated-SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) on a cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) gamma camera was validated versus cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). METHODS AND RESULTS: After injecting 99mTc-tetrofosmin (320 MBq) in 50 patients (mean age 64 +/- 11 years), EF at rest and post-stress as well as relevant changes in EF at HD (ΔEF ≥ 5%) were assessed. CZT and CMR rest EF values yielded an excellent correlation and agreement (r = 0...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Julien Salvadori, Yolande Petegnief, Remi Sabbah, Olivier Morel, Hatem Boulahdour, Gilles Karcher, Pierre-Yves Marie, Laetitia Imbert
This phantom-based study was aimed to determine whether cardiac CZT-cameras, which provide an enhanced spatial resolution and image contrast compared to Anger cameras, are similarly affected by small cardiac motions. Translations of a left ventricular (LV) insert at half-SPECT acquisitions through six possible orthogonal directions and with 5- or 10-mm amplitude were simulated on the Discovery NM-530c and DSPECT CZT-cameras and on an Anger Symbia T2 camera equipped with an astigmatic (IQ.SPECT) or conventional parallel-hole collimator (Conv...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Takanaga Niimi, Mamoru Nanasato, Mitsuo Sugimoto, Hisatoshi Maeda
Purpose: The differences in performance between the cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) camera or collimation systems and conventional Anger single-photon emission computed tomography (A-SPECT) remain insufficient from the viewpoint of the user. We evaluated the performance of the D-SPECT (Spectrum Dynamics, Israel) system to provide more information to the cardiologist or radiological technologist about its use in the clinical field. Materials and Methods: This study evaluated the performance of the D-SPECT system in terms of energy resolution, detector sensitivity, spatial resolution, modulation transfer function (MTF), and collimator resolution in comparison with that of A-SPECT (Bright-View, Philips, Japan)...
December 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Yu-Hua Dean Fang, Tzu-Pei Su, Chi-Jen Chang, Kung-Chu Ho, May Su, Tzu-Chen Yen
The purpose of this study was to investigate if a novel parameter, the stress-to-rest ratio of the signal-to-noise ratio (RSNR) obtained with a cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) SPECT scanner, could be used to distinguish triple-vessel disease (TVD) patients. Methods. One hundred and two patients with suspected coronary artery disease were retrospectively involved. Each subject underwent a Tl-201 SPECT scan and subsequent coronary angiography. Subjects were separated into TVD (n = 41) and control (n = 61) groups based on coronary angiography results using 50% as the stenosis cutoff...
2017: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
Alessia Gimelli, Riccardo Liga, Serena Magro, Salvatore Novo, Roberto Pedrinelli, Anna Sonia Petronio, Paolo Marzullo, Alessia Pepe
BACKGROUND: Single-photon emission computed tomography has shown relevant limitations in the quantification of left ventricular (LV) mass. We sought to compare the estimates of LV mass on Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride (CZT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) as compared to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-five patients underwent MPI on a CZT camera and CMR on a 1.5 T scanner within 12 ± 3 weeks. LV mass was quantified on CZT images using two softwares: 4D-MSPECT (4DM) and Emory Cardiac Toolbox (ECTb)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Noriko Tsuda, Shinya Shiraishi, Fumi Sakamoto, Hideaki Yuki, Koji Ogasawara, Morikatsu Yoshida, Seiji Tomiguchi, Kenichi Tsujita, Yasuyuki Yamashita
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disorders. The aim of this study was to examine whether the quantitatively measured myocardial blood flow (MBF) or myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR), calculated by dynamic single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) analysis using a cardiac cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) gamma camera, was related to renal dysfunction in patients with normal myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) findings. METHODS: The study population consisted of 46 patients with CKD and 46 individuals without CKD (controls)...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
J D van Dijk, N M Borren, M Mouden, J A van Dalen, J P Ottervanger, P L Jager
BACKGROUND: SPECT Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is associated with a relatively high radiation burden and decreasing image quality in heavy patients. Patient-specific low-activity protocols (PLAPs) are suggested but follow-up data is lacking. Our aim was to compare the use of a standard fixed-activity protocol (FAP) with a PLAP in cadmium zinc telluride (CZT)-SPECT MPI. METHODS: We retrospectively included 1255 consecutive patients who underwent CZT-SPECT stress-optional rest MPI...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Yu-Hua Dean Fang, Yuan-Chang Liu, Kung-Chu Ho, Feng-Cheng Kuo, Ching-Fang Yang, Tzu-Chen Yen, I-Chang Hsieh
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to evaluate whether the hyperemic myocardial blood flow (MBF) can be estimated using cadmium zinc telluride (CZT)-based single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) cameras with a single, rapid rest/stress dynamic scan. Dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used as a reference modality for flow measurement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The proposed protocol included both the rest and stress acquisitions within a 24-min scan...
2017: PloS One
Doumit Daou, Rémy Sabbah, Carlos Coaguila, Yousef Alattar, Hatem Boulahdour
BACKGROUND: We previously validated the use of a data-driven cardiac respiratory-motion (RM) correction method (REGAT) applicable to CZT SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). In this study, we adapted the same process used with REGAT for RM to generate data-driven cardiac contraction triggers and corresponding cardiac contraction-gated SPECT studies (GSPECT-DD). We aimed to study its feasibility and compare its performances to GSPECT studies generated with ECG monitor-based triggers (GSPECT-ECG)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Doumit Daou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Shimpei Ito, Akihiro Endo, Taiji Okada, Taku Nakamura, Takashi Sugamori, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Hiroyuki Yoshitomi, Kazuaki Tanabe
BACKGROUND: Cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) cameras have improved the evaluation of patients with chest pain. However, inferior/inferolateral attenuation artifacts similar to those seen with conventional Anger cameras persist. We added prone acquisitions and CT attenuation correction (CTAC) to the standard supine image acquisition and analyzed the resulting examinations. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-two patients referred for invasive coronary angiography (CAG), and who also underwent rest/stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) on a CZT camera in the supine and prone positions plus CTAC imaging, to examine known or suspected CAD between April 2013 and March 2014 were included...
October 2017: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
Ronaldo S L Lima, Thaís R Peclat, Ana Carolina A H Souza, Aline M K Nakamoto, Felipe M Neves, Victor F Souza, Letícia B Glerian, Andrea De Lorenzo
To determine the prognostic value of a new, ultrafast, low dose myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) protocol in a cadmium-zinc telluride (CZT) camera. CZT cameras have introduced significant progress in MPS imaging, offering high-quality images despite lower doses and scan time. Yet, it is unknown if, with such protocol changes, the prognostic value of MPS is preserved. Patients had a 1-day 99 m-Tc-sestamibi protocol, starting with the rest (185-222 MBq) followed by stress (666-740 MBq). Acquisition times were 6 and 3 min, respectively...
December 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Masaru Ishihara, Masahisa Onoguchi, Yasuyo Taniguchi, Takayuki Shibutani
The aim of this study was to clarify the differences in thallium-201-chloride (thallium-201) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) scans evaluated by conventional anger-type single-photon emission computed tomography (conventional SPECT) versus cadmium-zinc-telluride SPECT (CZT SPECT) imaging in normal databases for different ethnic groups. MPI scans from 81 consecutive Japanese patients were examined using conventional SPECT and CZT SPECT and analyzed with the pre-installed quantitative perfusion SPECT (QPS) software...
December 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Andrew Peters, Jeevan Kumar, Pravin V Patil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Tanguy Blaire, Alban Bailliez, Fayçal Ben Bouallègue, Dimitri Bellevre, Denis Agostini, Alain Manrique
The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the heart-to-mediastinum ratio (HMR) of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) uptake obtained using a multi-pinhole cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT)-based camera (Discovery NM 530c, DNM-530c, GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI, USA) in comparison with that obtained using conventional planar imaging (Infinia, GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI, USA). Methods: Forty consecutive heart failure patients underwent planar acquisition 4 h after (123)I-MIBG injection (191±41 MBq)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
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