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Pharmacy residency

Khe Foon Hew, Chung Kwan Lo
BACKGROUND: The use of flipped classroom approach has become increasingly popular in health professions education. However, no meta-analysis has been published that specifically examines the effect of flipped classroom versus traditional classroom on student learning. This study examined the findings of comparative articles through a meta-analysis in order to summarize the overall effects of teaching with the flipped classroom approach. We focused specifically on a set of flipped classroom studies in which pre-recorded videos were provided before face-to-face class meetings...
March 15, 2018: BMC Medical Education
P Veylon, M Rochoy, S Gautier, B Wallaert, C Berkhout
INTRODUCTION: Asthma is a potentially serious chronic respiratory disease impacting patients quality of life. Satisfactory control requires proper use of inhaled devices. This study assesses general medical residents and pharmacy students knowledge about proper use of inhaled asthma devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated knowledge of 43 general practice students and 43 pharmacy students in Lille for three inhaler devices (metered-dose inhaler, Turbuhaler® and Diskus® ) during individual interviews...
March 9, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
Elizabeth L Tung, Kelly Boyd, Stacy Tessler Lindau, Monica E Peek
Neighborhood crime may be an important social determinant of health in many high-poverty, urban communities, yet little is known about its relationship with access to health-enabling resources. We recruited an address-based probability sample of 267 participants (ages ≥35 years) on Chicago's South Side between 2012 and 2013. Participants were queried about their perceptions of neighborhood safety and prior experiences of neighborhood crime. Survey data were paired to a comprehensive, directly-observed census of the built environment on the South Side of Chicago...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Maria Chiara Corti, Francesco Avossa, Elena Schievano, Pietro Gallina, Eliana Ferroni, Natalia Alba, Matilde Dotto, Cristina Basso, Silvia Tiozzo Netti, Ugo Fedeli, Domenico Mantoan
BACKGROUND: The Italian National Health Service (NHS) provides universal coverage to all citizens, granting primary and hospital care with a copayment system for outpatient and drug services. Financing of Local Health Trusts (LHTs) is based on a capitation system adjusted only for age, gender and area of residence. We applied a risk-adjustment system (Johns Hopkins Adjusted Clinical Groups System, ACG® System) in order to explain health care costs using routinely collected administrative data in the Veneto Region (North-eastern Italy)...
March 4, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Monet M Stanford, Sarah M Oprinovich, Margie E Snyder
This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ( This article was retracted by the authors because of data errors discovered after publication.
March 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Devlin V Smith, Laura B Stokes, Kayleigh Marx, Samuel L Aitken
For pharmacists, the first years after graduation are spent developing their knowledge base, advancing as a practitioner, and honing their abilities as healthcare providers and drug information experts. New practitioners encounter many challenges during this time, which for many include publishing original research or reviewing manuscripts for colleagues and medical journals. Inexperience navigating the publication process, from submission to receipt of (and response to) peer review commentary, is often cited as a major barrier to timely publication of resident and new practitioner research...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Tara J Schapmire, Barbara A Head, Whitney A Nash, Pamela A Yankeelov, Christian D Furman, R Brent Wright, Rangaraj Gopalraj, Barbara Gordon, Karen P Black, Carol Jones, Madri Hall-Faul, Anna C Faul
A fragmented workforce consisting of multiple disciplines with varying levels of training and limited ability to work as a team often provides care to older adults. Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential for preparing practitioners for the effective teamwork required for community-based, holistic, person-centered care of the older adults. Despite numerous programs and offerings to advance education and interdisciplinary patient care, there is an unmet need for geriatric IPE, especially as it relates to community-dwelling older adults and caregivers in medically underserved areas...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Amanda J Hays, Jennifer R Smith, Rebecca M Guth, Susan E Samet
Drug formularies are a necessary part of medication management in hospitals and health systems. The system-level P&T committee at BJC HealthCare, a multihospital health system in St. Louis, Missouri, developed an approach to standardization of a system-wide formulary using available layered learners to complete the work in an expedited manner before implementation of a system-wide electronic medical record. The formulary standardization work was allocated to reviewers-including pharmacy students, residents, clinical pharmacy specialists, and pharmacy leadership-according to the complexity of the drug class under review, and a pharmacist was assigned to oversee and support the learner (student or resident) as class reviews were performed...
March 2018: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
Julia Maria Olsen, Tania Di Giacomo Lago, Suzana Kalckmann, Maria Cecilia Goi Porto Alves, Maria Mercedes Loureiro Escuder
The last decade has witnessed initiatives to expand access to contraceptives in Brazil. However, the last population-based study on contraception was undertaken in 2006. A household survey in 2015 investigated contraceptive practices in women 15 to 44 years of age living in the city of São Paulo. The current study selected data on young women 15 to 19 years of age. The objectives were to identify the prevalence of contraception, the contraceptives used, sources, and differences in contraceptive practices. The young women are part of a probabilistic study sample...
February 19, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Evan Williams, Sarah L Martin, Alla Fabrikant, Amy Wang, Meghan Pojasek
PURPOSE: Results of a survey-based study assessing rates of depression and depressive symptoms among pharmacy residents are reported. METHODS: In a time-series study conducted during the 2015-16 residency year, pharmacy residents nationwide were invited to participate in a series of online surveys (administered in September and December 2015 and March 2016). Survey participants reported demographic data and provided information on residency characteristics and perceived family and program support; the survey incorporated the 9-item depression screening component of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Andria F Brantley, Deanna M Rossi, Shalonda Barnes-Warren, Jon Carlo Francisco, Ira Schatten, Vishwas Dave
PURPOSE: The development and implementation of a hospitalwide, pharmacist-led transitions-of-care (TOC) program are described. METHODS: This 21-week quality improvement initiative was conducted from October 1, 2015, to February 26, 2016, at Memorial Hospital Pembroke. A TOC team was comprised of pharmacists, a pharmacy resident, pharmacy students, a physician, case managers, and nurses. All patients over the age of 18 admitted to the inpatient telemetry unit were included in this initiative...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Pamela M Moye, Pui Shan Chu, Teresa Pounds, Maria Miller Thurston
PURPOSE: The results of a study to determine whether pharmacy team-led postdischarge intervention can reduce the rate of 30-day hospital readmissions in older patients with heart failure (HF) are reported. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients 60 years of age or older who were admitted to an academic medical center with a primary diagnosis of HF during the period March 2013-June 2014 and received standard postdischarge follow-up care provided by physicians, nurses, and case managers...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Andrew D Wiese, Marie R Griffin, William Schaffner, C Michael Stein, Robert A Greevy, Edward F Mitchel, Carlos G Grijalva
Background: Although certain opioid analgesics have immunosuppressive properties and increase the risk for infections in animals, the clinical effects of prescription opioid use on infection risk among humans are unknown. Objective: To test the hypothesis that prescription opioid use is an independent risk factor for invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). Design: Nested case-control study. Setting: Tennessee Medicaid database linked to Medicare and Active Bacterial Core surveillance system databases (1995 to 2014)...
February 13, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Michael Grabner, Zsolt Hepp, Amit Raval, Fang Tian, Mohit Khera
BACKGROUND: Men with primary or secondary hypogonadism (HG) prescribed testosterone therapy (TTh) who terminate treatment early might not obtain the benefit of symptom relief. AIM: To estimate adherence to topical TTh and to compare baseline characteristics and follow-up outcomes between adherent and non-adherent patients in a population of commercially insured US men with primary or secondary HG. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of adult men with primary or secondary HG and initiating topical TTh from 2007 through 2014, with continuous coverage during 12-month baseline and follow-up periods, was identified from a large US health plan...
February 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Mohammad Hadi Imanieh, Alireza Mirahmadizadeh, Bahareh Imani
Background: Understanding the level of public satisfaction with a family physician plan as well as the relevant factors in this respect, can be employed as valuable tools in identifying quality of services. Objective: To determine the factors affecting public dissatisfaction with an urban family physician plan in Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2014 through June 2015 on Fars Province residents in Iran, selected based on cluster sampling method...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Courtney M Collins, Daniel L Davenport, Cynthia L Talley, Andrew C Bernard
BACKGROUND: The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) established a grading system for appendicitis to allow prediction of risk and outcomes, to assist in quality improvement and resource management, and to provide a framework for research. Grading is determined in clinical, imaging, operative, and pathologic categories, but has not been completely validated. Our aim was to validate appendicitis grade with respect to duration of symptoms, operative duration, and hospital costs...
January 31, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Paul Jacob Henkel, Marketa Marvanova
Continuing professional education (CPE) plays an important role in continuing professional development of pharmacists for providing quality pharmaceutical care but also to maintain professional and organizational vitality and meet changing community/population needs. The study objective was to describe and understand factors of importance in selection of CPE credit hours among Upper Midwest pharmacists. A cross-sectional study of licensed pharmacists (n = 1239) in Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota included completion of a questionnaire on demographics and CPE decision-making...
February 1, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Matthew H Rim, Karen C Thomas, Brittanie Hatch, Michael Kelly, Linda S Tyler
PURPOSE: The development and implementation of a centralized, comprehensive, refill authorization (CCRA) program within an academic health system are described. SUMMARY: In order to improve continuity of care for our medically complicated patients, ambulatory pharmacy services developed and implemented a highly coordinated CCRA program for multiple community clinics within the system. To implement the CCRA program, we centralized the refill-request intake process to the Pharmacy Ambulatory Clinical Care Center (PAC3)...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Alana Whittaker, Katherine P Smith, Guogen Shan
Objective. To analyze the modifiable predictors of institution-wide residency match rates. Methods. This was a retrospective analysis of colleges and schools of pharmacy data and school-wide PGY-1 pharmacy residency match rates for 2013 through 2015. Independent variables included NAPLEX passing rates, history of ACPE probation, NIH funding, academic health center affiliation, dual-degree availability, program length, admit-to-applicant ratio, class size, tuition, student-driven research, clinically focused academic tracks, residency affiliation, U...
December 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Whitney J Kiel, Shaun W Phillips
Older adults are demanding increased healthcare attention with regards to prescription use due in large part to highly complex medication regimens. As patients age, medications often have a more pronounced effect on older adults, negatively impacting patient safety and increasing healthcare costs. Comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs) optimize medications for elderly patients and help to avoid inappropriate medication use. Previous literature has shown that such CMRs can successfully identify and reduce the number of medication-related problems and improve acute healthcare utilization...
December 31, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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