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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129669/effect-of-application-score-strategy-on-interviews-offered-to-postgraduate-year-1-pharmacy-residency-applicants
#1
Milena M McLaughlin, Jill S Borchert, Corey Wilson, Ashley O Jensen, Jacob P Gettig
OBJECTIVES: Residency programs may need to spend a large amount of time on the application review process in order to invite the best candidates for interviews. By using a different scoring strategy, this process could be made more efficient while still resulting in selection of the most appropriate candidates to interview. The objective of this study was to explore hypothetical scoring strategies for past residency applicants and to determine the percentage of these applicants that would have received an interview offer compared with the program's standard scoring strategy...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113107/redesigning-journal-clubs-to-staying-current-with-the-literature
#2
Roland N Dickerson, G Christopher Wood, Joseph M Swanson, Rex O Brown
Staying current with the literature is of paramount importance to the pharmacist engaged in an evidence-based clinical practice. Given the expanding roles and responsibilities of today's pharmacists combined with exponential growth in new medical and health sciences literature, staying current has become an extremely daunting task. Traditional journal clubs have focused upon their role as a training vehicle for teaching critical reading skills to residents. However, schools of pharmacy are now required to provide instruction in biostatistics, research design, and interpretation...
November 6, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109576/baseline-competency-assessment-of-pharmacists-prescribing-and-managing-vancomycin-therapy-in-the-regina-qu-appelle-health-region
#3
Kirsten Tangedal, Jennifer Bolt, Suzanne Len, Ali Bell
Background: Pharmacists in the Regina Qu'Appelle Health Region (RQHR), Saskatchewan, independently dose, monitor, and adjust vancomycin therapy. No framework exists for ongoing competency assessment of pharmacists. Objectives: The primary objective was to determine pharmacists' overall level of competency for all components of the vancomycin prescribing procedure. The secondary objectives were to determine competency for individual prescribing phases, to stratify overall competency in relation to pharmacist and patient factors, and to identify the 3 most frequent errors...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109560/educational-attainment-and-academic-profile-of-deans-and-chairs-at-us-pharmacy-schools
#4
Mitra Assemi, Jessica Yu, Sum Liu, Robin L Corelli, Karen Suchanek Hudmon
Objective. To characterize educational attainment and experiences of current US pharmacy school deans and chairs. Methods. A cross-sectional study using a publicly available listing of accredited schools and information. Results. Among 134 deans and 301 chairs, 79.9% and 65.5% held a professional degree (BSPharm and/or PharmD), 33.6% and 26.2% completed PGY-1 residencies, 12.7% and 15.6% completed post-PharmD fellowships, 23.1% and 33.9% completed post-doctoral fellowships, and 13.4% and 18.3% held BPS certification, respectively...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108079/prevalence-and-correlates-of-emergency-contraceptive-use-in-transitional-albania
#5
Dajana Roshi, Salvatore Italia, Genc Burazeri, Helmut Brand
Objectives The two emergency contraceptive drugs ("morning-after pill") ulipristal acetate and levonorgestrel are available without prescription in many European countries. In Albania, ulipristal acetate is not marketed yet and levonorgestrel has still prescription-only status. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and socioeconomic correlates of emergency contraceptive (EMC) use, collect sales figures, and gain information on the women's way of purchasing EMCs in post-communist Albania. Methods For this cross-sectional study, self-administered questionnaires were made accessible to women in Albania in March 2015 by hard copy or online via social networks...
November 6, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103190/factors-related-to-incomplete-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-adolescents-attending-three-hiv-clinics-in-the-copperbelt-zambia
#6
Julie A Denison, Catherine Packer, Randy M Stalter, Harry Banda, Sarah Mercer, Namakau Nyambe, Patrick Katayamoyo, Jonathan K Mwansa, Donna R McCarraher
Little is known about adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, where the majority of the world's HIV-positive adolescents reside. We assessed individual, household, and HIV self-management characteristics associated with a 48-hour treatment gap in the preceding 3 months, and a pharmacy medication possession ratio (MPR) that assessed the number of ART pills dispensed divided by the number of ART pills required in the past 6 months, among 285 Zambians, ages 15-19 years...
November 4, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097045/are-advanced-practice-pharmacist-designations-really-advanced
#7
Timothy P Frost, Alex J Adams
Four states have created advanced practice pharmacist designations in state law: advanced practice pharmacist (California), clinical pharmacist practitioner (Montana and North Carolina), and pharmacist clinician (New Mexico). To attain an advanced pharmacist designation, states typically require a fee and set a minimum education requirement either through continuing pharmacy education (CPE) or through attainment of a national certification or completion of a residency. Once attained, pharmacists may practice with additional scope of practice authorities, namely the ability to order and interpret drug therapy-related tests, and initiate or adjust/modify medications under a collaborative practice agreement (CPA)...
October 7, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061625/observational-study-of-factors-associated-with-return-of-home-sampling-kits-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-requested-online-in-the-uk
#8
Kaveh Manavi, James Hodson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate factors associated with the return of home sampling kits for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). SETTING: Online STI testing service offered to the residents of Birmingham and Solihull. PARTICIPANTS: All patients requesting STI home sampling kits via the Umbrella sexual health service website between 15 July 2016 and 14 December 2016. INTERVENTIONS: Associations between data collected at online registration and the rate of return of STI home sampling kits within 30 days of request was assessed...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037242/malaria-risk-factors-and-care-seeking-behaviour-within-the-private-sector-among-high-risk-populations-in-vietnam-a-qualitative-study
#9
Ingrid Chen, Huong Ngo Thi Thanh, Andrew Lover, Phung Thi Thao, Tang Viet Luu, Hoang Nghia Thang, Ngo Duc Thang, Josselyn Neukom, Adam Bennett
BACKGROUND: Vietnam has successfully reduced malaria incidence by more than 90% over the past 10 years, and is now preparing for malaria elimination. However, the remaining malaria burden resides in individuals that are hardest to reach, in highly remote areas, where many malaria cases are treated through the informal private sector and are not reported to public health systems. This qualitative study aimed to contextualize and characterize the role of private providers, care-seeking behaviour of individuals at high risk of malaria, as well as risk factors that should be addressed through malaria elimination programmes in Vietnam...
October 16, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022823/impact-of-a-medication-reconciliation-program-on-cardiac-surgery-patients
#10
Abdulrazaq S Al-Jazairi, Lujain Khalid Al-Suhaibani, Rayd A Al-Mehizia, Salma Al-Khani, Glyn Lewis, Edward B De Vol, Elias Juan Saad
Background Cardiac surgery patients are at high risk of medication errors. Resumption of home medications reduces the significance and number of medication errors. This could be achieved by implementing a medication reconciliation program. Patients and Methods Patients were eligible for inclusion in this prospective study if they were admitted, transferred, and/or discharged under cardiac surgery team care from September 2015 to March 2016. The primary outcome was the number and proportion of unintentional medication discrepancies...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988689/residency-pathways-to-ambulatory-care-practice-essential-insights-for-students-residents-and-educators
#11
Sarah M Westberg, Stuart J Beatty, Andrea R Corona, Sarah Deines, Karen M Gunning, Holly E Gurgle, Haley S Holtan, Macary Weck Marciniak, Karen J McConnell, Melissa A Somma McGivney, Rachana J Patel
OBJECTIVE: To provide a guiding document describing residency training opportunities in ambulatory care for students, postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residents, practicing pharmacists, and pharmacy educators. SUMMARY: Student pharmacists, residents, practitioners, and educators can benefit from a guiding document describing the various pathways to develop as an ambulatory care practitioner through residency training. The benefits and differences of PGY1 and postgraduate year 2 (PGY2) ambulatory care residency programs are included...
October 5, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972983/gabapentin-opioids-and-the-risk-of-opioid-related-death-a-population-based-nested-case-control-study
#12
Tara Gomes, David N Juurlink, Tony Antoniou, Muhammad M Mamdani, J Michael Paterson, Wim van den Brink
BACKGROUND: Prescription opioid use is highly associated with risk of opioid-related death, with 1 of every 550 chronic opioid users dying within approximately 2.5 years of their first opioid prescription. Although gabapentin is widely perceived as safe, drug-induced respiratory depression has been described when gabapentin is used alone or in combination with other medications. Because gabapentin and opioids are both commonly prescribed for pain, the likelihood of co-prescription is high...
October 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970607/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-fresno-test-of-competence-in-evidence-based-medicine-in-doctor-of-pharmacy-students
#13
Valerie Coppenrath, Lee Anne Filosa, Elizabeth Akselrod, Katherine M Carey
Objective. To adapt and validate an instrument assessing competence in evidence-based medicine (EBM) in Doctor of Pharmacy students. Methods. The Fresno test was validated in medical residents. We adapted it for use in pharmacy students. A total of 120 students and faculty comprised the validation set. Internal reliability, item difficulty, and item discrimination were assessed. Construct validity was assessed by comparing mean total scores of students to faculty, and comparing proportions of students and faculty who passed each item...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970458/current-status-and-future-suggestions-for-improving-the-pharm-d-curriculum-towards-clinical-pharmacy-practice-in-pakistan
#14
Saima Mahmood Malhi, Hassan Raza, Kiran Ajmal, Sumbul Shamim, Saniya Ata, Salman Farooq, Syed Muhammad Sharib, Sidrat-Ul Muntaha
Objectives & Background: Good curriculum is reflected as the backbone for standard universities to develop competitive professionals having great potential. Pharmacy education in Pakistan has gone through the same developmental stages as in other countries, but is still striving for improvement. In the present study, we want (i) to know the opinion on whether the current pharmacy curriculum requires any improvement in order to meet the training needs of pharmacy professionals regarding clinical knowledge and pharmacy practice; and (ii) to present some humble suggestions to decision-making authorities in order to improve it with respect to patient-focused programs (PFP)...
August 17, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970415/from-learning-to-decision-making-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-a-clinical-pharmacist-steered-journal-club
#15
Sherine Ismail, Sara Al Khansa, Mohammed Aseeri, Hani Alhamdan, K H Mujtaba Quadri
Journal clubs have been traditionally incorporated into academic training programs to enhance competency in the interpretation of literature. We designed a structured journal club (JC) to improve skills in the interpretation of literature; however, we were not aware of how learners (interns, residents, clinical pharmacists, etc.) would perceive it. We aimed to assess the perception of learners at different levels of pharmacy training. A cross-sectional design was used. A self-administered online survey was emailed to JC attendees from 2010-2014 at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
January 12, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963987/how-the-built-environment-affects-change-in-older-people-s-physical-activity-a-mixed-methods-approach-using-longitudinal-health-survey-data-in-urban-china
#16
Peiling Zhou, Sue C Grady, Guo Chen
Although the general population in China is physically active, only 45% of older adults meet the World Health Organization's recommendation for weekly moderate-to-vigorous exercise, to achieve health benefits. This percentage is even lower (9.8%) in urban China. It is, therefore, important to understand the pathways by which physical activity behaviors are impacted by the built environment. This study utilized a mixed methods approach-interviews (n = 42) and longitudinal (2010-2015) health survey data (n = 3094) for older people residing in three neighborhoods in Huainan, a mid-sized city in Anhui Province, central eastern China...
September 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958029/short-and-long-term-impacts-of-neighborhood-built-environment-on-self-rated-health-of-older-adults
#17
Amy Spring
Background and Objectives: Proximity to health care, healthy foods, and recreation is linked to improved health in older adults while deterioration of the built environment is a risk factor for poor health. Yet, it remains unclear whether individuals prone to good health self-select into favorable built environments and how long-term exposure to deteriorated environments impacts health. This study uses a longitudinal framework to address these questions. Research Design and Methods: The study analyzes 3,240 Americans aged 45 or older from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics with good self-reported health at baseline, and follows them from 1999 to 2013...
July 26, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951137/a-pharmacist-driven-academic-detailing-program-to-increase-adult-pneumococcal-vaccination
#18
Aisling R Caffrey, Jennifer M DeAngelis, Kristina E Ward, K Kelly Orr, Haley J Morrill, Michael Gosciminski, Kerry L LaPlante
OBJECTIVES: To describe our statewide, pharmacist-led education campaign to increase knowledge and awareness of pneumococcal immunization recommendations. SETTING: Immunization providers and residents in the state of Rhode Island. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: A clinical pathway (i.e., decision-support tool) was developed to educate health professionals about appropriate indications, administration schedules, and frequently asked questions for the 2 different adult pneumococcal vaccines...
September 23, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951136/exploring-employer-job-requirements-an-analysis-of-pharmacy-job-announcements
#19
James S Wheeler, Tien Ngo, Jasmine Cecil, Nancy Borja-Hart
OBJECTIVES: Postgraduate training, dual degrees, and board certifications are credentials viewed by academic pharmacy communities and professional organizations as positive assets for those seeking pharmacist jobs; however, a key question merits further investigation: do these views match employer expectations? The primary objective of this study was to identify the most common qualifications employers require as stated in job advertisements. METHODS: Pharmacist job postings from the aggregate jobs website Indeed...
September 23, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934403/improving-inpatient-medication-adherence-using-attendant-education-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-uganda
#20
Patricia Alupo, Richard Ssekitoleko, Tracy Rabin, Robert Kalyesubula, Ivan Kimuli, Benjamin E Bodnar
Quality problem: Although widely utilized in resource-rich health care systems, the use of quality improvement (QI) techniques is less common in resource-limited environments. Uganda is a resource-limited country in Sub-Saharan Africa that faces many challenges with health care delivery. These challenges include understaffing, inconsistent drug availability and inefficient systems that limit the provision of clinical care. Initial assessment: Poor adherence to prescribed inpatient medications was identified as a key shortcoming of clinical care on the internal medicine wards of Mulago National Referral Hospital, Kampala, Uganda...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
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