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Lymphoma multidrug resistance

Ming Ma, Xingxiao Yang, Lianmei Zhao, Xuexiao Wang, Lihua Liu, Wenjing Jiao, Yuanyuan Wei, Baoen Shan
Celecoxib is a newly-identified nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, which has been used to treat fever in clinical practice. Celecoxib has been demonstrated to suppress the viability of various human tumor cells. However, the effect of celecoxib on response of T-cell lymphoma to chemotherapy agents remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of celecoxib on chemosensitivity of human T-cell lymphoma, and to address the underlying mechanism of action. The cytotoxicity of CDDP, epirubicin and VCR on Jurkat and Hut-78 cells treated with celecoxib was assessed by MTT assay, and the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50 ) value was calculated by Origin 75 software...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Shuzheng Song, Guoqing Pei, Yaqiong Du, Jugang Wu, Xiaochun Ni, Shoulian Wang, Bojian Jiang, Meng Luo, Jiwei Yu
Chemoresistance in gastric cancer is the leading cause of tumor recurrence and poses a substantial therapeutic challenge. The stem cell biomarker CD133 has been implicated in drug resistance of tumor-initiating cells in a number of cancers including gastric cancer. Therefore, we investigated the molecular mechanism of CD133-associated multidrug resistance in gastric cancer cells. Using CD133 overexpressing and knockdown gastric cancer cell lines, we demonstrated that loss of CD133 significantly increased the growth inhibition of chemotherapeutic agents; whereas, overexpression significantly reduced growth inhibition...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
Claudia M Parra-Giraldo, Sandra L Valderrama, Gloria Cortes-Fraile, Javier R Garzón, Beatriz E Ariza, Florent Morio, Melva Y Linares-Linares, Andrés Ceballos-Garzón, Alejandro de la Hoz, Catalina Hernandez, Carlos Alvarez-Moreno, Patrice Le Pape
BACKGROUND: Candida auris is a recently reported Candida species which is phenotypically similar to Candida haemulonii and related to hospital outbreaks. This organism can be misidentified as C. haemulonii, C. famata, C. catenulata or Rhodotorula glutinis by phenotypic approaches. MALDI-TOF MS and DNA sequence analysis using ITS rDNA barcoding provide an accurate identification. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Three cases of C. auris infection in patients with risk factors for fungal infection (Admitted to the intensive care unit, lymphoma and HIV respectively, all three with previous antibiotic use) and not epidemiologically related...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Yasuhisa Hasegawa, Mitsuo Goto, Nobuhiro Hanai, Taijiro Ozawa, Hitoshi Hirakawa
The present study aimed to identify significant correlations between gene expression and chemotherapy response to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/cisplatin in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), and to identify patients who would benefit from induction chemotherapy for both organ preservation and survival. A total of 64 patients who underwent radical treatment for HNSCC were enrolled. All patients received induction chemotherapy with 5-FU/cisplatin and tumor responses were evaluated. Pretreatment biopsy specimens from all patients were assayed for mRNA expression of thymidylate synthase, dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD), orotate phosphoribosyltransferase, tymidine phosphorylase, glutathione S-transferase-pi, p53, RB Transcriptional Corepressor 1, B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-xL, E2F Transcription Factor 1, epidermal growth factor receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, phosphoinositide 3-kinase, phosphatase and tensin homolog, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), cyclooxygenase-2, XPA, DNA Damage Recognition And Repair Factor, excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1), multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1), multidrug resistance-associated protein 1, equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 and β-tubulin by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and the association between the expression levels of these genes and patient response to chemotherapy was determined...
February 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Maxim Dragoun, Thomas Günther, Corazon Frias, Albrecht Berkessel, Aram Prokop
PURPOSE: We report on our preclinical findings of a simple salicylic diamine compound (THG 1213) which has yielded exceptional results as a potential chemotherapeutic drug. THG 1213 is an easy to synthesize chiral and metal-free salan compound. METHODS: THG 1213 was tested on several leukemia, lymphoma and solid tumor cell lines in vitro. The effects have been studied by LDH release essay, FACS flow cytometry, photometric cell count, immunoblotting, and NMR spectroscopy...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Yubo Ma, Xufu Wei, Zhongjun Wu
Multidrug resistance (MDR) typically leads to treatment failure, and is associated with disease progression of gastric cancer (GC). In the present study, a total of 15 aberrantly activated transcription factors (TFs) were detected in chemo-resistant GC cells using a TF Activation Profiling Plate Array. Among these TFs, hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-4α was significantly upregulated in multidrug-resistant GC cells (P=0.019). The overexpression of HNF-4α was able to cause resistance to multiple chemotherapeutics, whereas inhibition of HNF-4α appeared to reverse cancer cell resistance...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
Máté Vágvölgyi, Ana Martins, Ágnes Kulmány, István Zupkó, Tamás Gáti, András Simon, Gábor Tóth, Attila Hunyadi
Multidrug resistance is a widespread problem among various diseases and cancer is no exception. We had previously described the chemo-sensitizing activity of ecdysteroid derivatives with low polarity on drug susceptible and multi-drug resistant (MDR) cancer cells. We have also shown that these molecules have a marked selectivity towards the MDR cells. Recent studies on the oximation of various steroid derivatives indicated remarkable increase in their antitumor activity, but there is no related bioactivity data on ecdysteroid oximes...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Jason P Burnham, Jennie H Kwon, Margaret A Olsen, Hilary M Babcock, Marin H Kollef
OBJECTIVE To determine incidence of and risk factors for readmissions with multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) infections among patients with previous MDRO infection. DESIGN Retrospective cohort of patients admitted between January 1, 2006, and October 1, 2015. SETTING Barnes-Jewish Hospital, a 1,250-bed academic tertiary referral center in St Louis, Missouri. METHODS We identified patients with MDROs obtained from the bloodstream, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)/bronchial wash, or other sterile sites. Centers for Disease Control and prevention (CDC) and European CDC definitions of MDROs were utilized...
January 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Z-L Liu, B-J Jin, C-G Cheng, F-X Zhang, S-W Wang, Y Wang, B Wu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the reversal effect of apatinib on the resistance to cisplatin (DDP) of A549/cisplatin (A549/DDP) cells and its relevant mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A549/DDP cells were treated with the control method, apatinib alone, DDP alone and DDP combined with apatinib. The cell proliferation was detected by the 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and the cell clone formation assay. The cell apoptosis was detected by Hoechst 33258 staining and annexin V and propidium iodide (PI) double labeling...
December 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Leanna R Staben, Shang-Fan Yu, Jinhua Chen, Gang Yan, Zijin Xu, Geoffrey Del Rosario, Jeffrey T Lau, Luna Liu, Jun Guo, Bing Zheng, Josefa Dela Cruz-Chuh, Byoung-Chul Lee, Rachana Ohri, Wenwen Cai, Hongxiang Zhou, Katherine R Kozak, Keyang Xu, Gail D Lewis Phillips, Jiawei Lu, John Wai, Andrew G Polson, Thomas H Pillow
The tubulysins are promising anticancer cytotoxic agents due to the clinical validation of their mechanism of action (microtubule inhibition) and their particular activity against multidrug-resistant tumor cells. Yet their high potency and subsequent systemic toxicity make them prime candidates for targeted therapy, particularly in the form of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs). Here we report a strategy to prepare stable and bioreversible conjugates of tubulysins to antibodies without loss of activity. A peptide trigger along with a quaternary ammonium salt linker connection to the tertiary amine of tubulysin provided ADCs that were potent in vitro...
October 12, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Zhaorong Chen, Aling Shen, Liya Liu, Youqin Chen, Jianfeng Chu, Qiaoyan Cai, Fei Qi, Thomas Joseph Sferra, Jun Peng
The well-known traditional Chinese medicine formula Pien Tze Huang (PZH) has long been used to treat various malignancies, including colorectal cancer (CRC). It was recently reported that PZH possesses the ability to overcome multidrug resistance in CRC cells. In the present study, a 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) resistant human CRC cell line (HCT-8/5-FU) was used to further evaluate the effect of PZH on chemotherapy (chemo)-resistance and investigate the mechanisms through which this occurs. The results identified that PZH significantly reduced the viability and cell density of HCT-8/5-FU cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner (P<0...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Dapeng Wu, Liguo Liu, Xuebing Yan, Chunyan Wang, Yaling Wang, Kun Han, Shuchen Lin, Zhihua Gan, Daliu Min
Chemoresistance is a major hindrance to successful treatment of osteosarcoma (OS). Pleiotrophin (PTN), a neurotrophic growth factor, has been linked to the malignant characteristics of various cancer types. We retrospectively examined the correlation between PTN expression and chemoresistance in OS in a cohort of 133 OS patients. Immunohistochemistry revealed that PTN expression correlated with the necrosis rate and local OS recurrence. In a prognostic analysis, high PTN expression was associated with poor overall and disease-free survival, and was an independent adverse prognostic factor for disease-free survival...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
Jorge Castro-López, Mariana Teles, Camino Fierro, Karin Allenspach, Marta Planellas, Josep Pastor
Objectives Multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) encodes a protein called P-glycoprotein (P-gp), which serves as an efflux pump membrane protein implicated in intestinal homeostasis and drug resistance. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) is a key enzyme in the synthesis of proinflammatory prostaglandins, tumourigenesis and in mucosal defence. Despite the importance of MDR1 and COX2, changes in their mRNA levels have not been studied in cats with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and low-grade alimentary lymphoma (LGAL). The present study aimed to determine the mRNA levels of MDR1 and COX2 in cats with IBD and LGAL, and to evaluate their correlation with clinical signs, histological severity and between genes...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Frank T Winsett, Daniel J Lewis, Madeleine Duvic
Adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATL) is an aggressive variant of peripheral T-cell lymphoma of CD4+ T-malignant cells caused by human T-lymphotropic virus type-1. Despite aggressive treatment with multidrug combination chemotherapies, ATL confers a poor prognosis and commonly develops resistance to conventional treatments. Areas covered: Mogamulizumab is a humanized, defucosylated monoclonal antibody that acts by targeting the CC chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4) on malignant cells of ATL. In phase I and II clinical trials, it has achieved overall response rates of 31-50% in CCR4+ malignancies...
September 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
Dapeng Wu, Liguo Liu, Xuebing Yan, Chunyan Wang, Yaling Wang, Kun Han, Shuchen Lin, Zhihua Gan, Daliu Min
Chemoresistance is a major hindrance to successful treatment of osteosarcoma (OS). Pleiotrophin (PTN), a neurotrophic growth factor, has been linked to the malignant characteristics of various cancer types. We retrospectively examined the correlation between PTN expression and chemoresistance in OS in a cohort of 133 OS patients. Immunohistochemistry revealed that PTN expression correlated with the necrosis rate and local OS recurrence. In a prognostic analysis, high PTN expression was associated with poor overall and disease-free survival, and was an independent adverse prognostic factor for disease-free survival...
July 10, 2017: Oncotarget
Motoko Yamaguchi, Kana Miyazaki
Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKL), is a form of lymphoma characterized by preferential extranodal involvement, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) association, and geographic diversity in incidence. ENKL tumor cells express P-glycoprotein, which is related to multidrug resistance (MDR). This MDR phenomenon is thought to be the major reason why ENKL is resistant to anthracycline-containing chemotherapies and has led researchers to explore novel therapeutic strategies. Since the early 2000s, next-generation therapies, including upfront radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or concurrent chemoradiotherapy using non-MDR-related drugs, have markedly changed the management of ENKL...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology: JCEH
Bashir Ahmad, Muhammad Rizwan, Abdur Rauf, Muslim Raza, Shumaila Bashir, Joseph Molnar, Akos Csonka, Diana Szabo, Mohammad S Mubarak, Mah Noor, Bina S Siddiqui
BACKGROUND: Fungi performing a wide range of function in soil by secreting low molecular weight compound known as secondary metabolites. S. rolfsii is a soil borne phytopathogenic fungi was used for the production of bioactive compounds. OBJECTIVE: The present study belongs to evaluate the anticancer potentials of a secondary metabolites isolated from S. rolfsii, their multidrug resistance (MDR), and molecular docking study. METHOD: (1S,3R,4R,5R,E)-3-(3-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)acryloyloxy)-1,4,5 trihydroxycyclohexanecarboxylic acid (1), or best known as chlorogenic acid, was isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of crude secondary metabolites produced by the soil borne Fungus Screlotium rolfsii...
2017: Medicinal Chemistry
Hiroki Yamazaki, Naoki Miura, Yu-Chang Lai, Masashi Takahashi, Yuko Goto-Koshino, Momoi Yasuyuki, Munekazu Nakaichi, Hajime Tsujimoto, Asuka Setoguchi, Yasuyuki Endo
We examined whether multidrug resistant (MDR) canine lymphoma increases gene expression for platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRα), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), and c-KIT, and whether toceranib phosphate (TOC) has potential as a treatment for MDR canine lymphoma. The clinical data showed that PDGFRα expression was higher in canine subjects with MDR T-cell lymphoma than in those with untreated T-cell lymphoma, and that c-KIT expression was greater in subjects with T-cell lymphoma than in those with B-cell lymphoma...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Roslina Husaini, Munirah Ahmad, Zubaidah Zakaria
Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is a form of leukaemia derived from the myeloid cell lineage. Imatinib mesylate, the breakpoint cluster region-abelson murine leukeamia kinase inhibitor, is a specific reagent used in the clinical treatment of CML. The DNA topoisomerase II inhibitor, etoposide, is also employed as a therapeutic, though it is used to a lesser extent. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of CML-targeted therapy, utilising imatinib mesylate and etoposide in the in vitro treatment of parental sensitive and adriamycin-resistant CML in the K562 and K562/ADM cell lines, respectively...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Sebastian Scheich, Claudia Reinheimer, Christian Brandt, Thomas A Wichelhaus, Michael Hogardt, Volkhard A J Kempf, Uta Brunnberg, Christian Brandts, Olivier Ballo, Ivana von Metzler, Johanna Kessel, Hubert Serve, Björn Steffen
A significant increase in infections caused by multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) has been observed in recent years, resulting in an increase of mortality in all fields of health care. Hematological patients are particularly affected by MDRO infections because of disease- and therapy-related immunosuppression. To determine the impact of colonization with MDRO on overall survival, we retrospectively analyzed data from patients undergoing autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at our institution...
September 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
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