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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454049/response-surface-method-optimization-of-a-novel-hypericin-formulation-in-p123-micelles-for-colorectal-cancer-and-antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy
#1
Maiara Camotti Montanha, Larissa Lachi Silva, Fernanda Belincanta Borghi Pangoni, Gabriel Batista Cesar, Renato Sonchini Gonçalves, Wilker Caetano, Noboru Hioka, Tania Toyomi Tominaga, Márcia Edilaine Lopes Consolaro, Andréa Diniz, Elza Kimura
The photodynamic properties of Hypericin (Hyp) may be used as an alternative treatment for malignancies of the lower gastrointestinal tract and for the prevention of surgical-site infection; however, its use in photodynamic therapy has been limited because of its poor hydrosolubility. Therefore, in order to improve its water solubility and its photodynamic effect, Hyp was encapsulated in Pluronic P123 (P123) and the photodynamic effects against intestinal and epidermal bacteria and against two lineages of intestinal colon carcinoma cells were investigated...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454022/quantitative-analysis-of-adsorptive-interactions-of-ionic-and-neutral-pharmaceuticals-and-other-chemicals-with-the-surface-of-escherichia-coli-cells-in-aquatic-environment
#2
Chul-Woong Cho, Jeong-Soo Park, Yufeng Zhao, Yeoung-Sang Yun
Since Escherichia coli is ubiquitous in nature and has been applied to biological, chemical, and environmental processes, molecular-level understanding of adsorptive interactions between chemicals and the bacterial surface is of great importance. To characterise the adsorption properties of the surface of E. coli cells in aquatic environment, the binding affinities (log Kd) of calibration compounds were experimentally measured, and then based on the values and numerically well-defined molecular interaction forces, i...
April 25, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453753/effects-of-commercial-organic-acid-blends-on-male-broilers-challenged-with-e-%C3%A2-coli-k88-performance-microbiology-intestinal-morphology-and-immune-response
#3
N Khodambashi Emami, A Daneshmand, S Zafari Naeini, E N Graystone, L J Broom
This study assessed the effects of 3 commercial organic acid (OA) preparations on growth performance, intestinal morphology, cecal microbiology, and immunity of Escherichia coli K88-challenged (ETEC) broiler chickens. One thousand one-day-old male broiler chickens were divided into 8 treatments of 5 replicate pens: Negative control (NC) birds received a basal diet (BD) and were not challenged with ETEC; positive control (PC) birds fed the BD and challenged with ETEC; BD + 0.2% (S1) or 0.4% (S2) of an OA mixture (Salkil) from one to 35 d; BD + 0...
April 26, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453633/role-of-dna-gyrase-and-topoisomerase-iv-mutations-in-fluoroquinolone-resistance-of-capnocytophaga-spp-clinical-isolates-and-laboratory-mutants
#4
Elodie Ehrmann, Anne Jolivet-Gougeon, Martine Bonnaure-Mallet, Thierry Fosse
Objectives: Capnocytophaga spp. are often reported to cause bacteraemia and extra-oral infections and are characterized by their significant contribution to resistance to β-lactam and macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin antibiotics in the human oral microbiota. The implication of mutations in the quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of DNA gyrase A and B ( gyrA and gyrB ) and topoisomerase IV ( parC and parE ) of fluoroquinolone (FQ)-resistant Capnocytophaga spp., hitherto unknown, was explored in this study...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449226/an-integrated-network-analysis-identifies-how-arcab-enables-metabolic-oscillations-in-the-nitric-oxide-detoxification-network-of-escherichia-coli
#5
Sarah A Sacco, Kristin J Adolfsen, Mark P Brynildsen
The virulences of many pathogens depend on their abilities to detoxify the immune antimicrobial nitric oxide (NO•). The functions of bacterial NO• detoxification machinery depend on oxygen (O2 ), with O2 inhibiting some enzymes, whereas others use it as a substrate. Previously, Escherichia coli NO• detoxification was found to be highly attenuated under microaerobic conditions and metabolic oscillations were observed. The oscillations in [NO•] and [O2 ] were found to result from the inhibitory action of NO• on aerobic respiration, the catalytic inactivation of NO• by Hmp (an NO• dioxygenase), and an imbalanced competition for O2 between Hmp and cytochrome terminal oxidase activity...
April 27, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449019/the-clear-and-present-danger-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-cpe-in-new-zealand-time-for-a-national-response-plan
#6
Matthew Blakiston, Helen Heffernan, Sally Roberts, Joshua Freeman
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in general poses a threat to the sustainability of modern healthcare, but a particularly urgent and serious threat is posed by a specific group of antibiotic-resistant bacteria known as carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE). CPE are resistant to nearly all antibiotics and include common pathogens such as Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. In New Zealand, the incidence of CPE has increased from three isolates in 2012 to 45 in 2016. The current epidemiology of CPE in New Zealand has similarities with the extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) epidemic in the early 2000s (just before ESBL-PE underwent a non-linear increase in incidence)...
April 28, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448954/copper-complexes-containing-thiosemicarbazones-derived-from-6-nitropiperonal-antimicrobial-and-biophysical-properties
#7
Floyd A Beckford, Kelsey R Webb
A series of four thiosemicarbazones from 6-nitropiperonal along with the corresponding copper complexes were synthesized. The biophysical characteristics of the complexes were investigated by the binding to DNA and human serum albumin. The binding to DNA is moderate; the binding constants run from (0.49-7.50)×10(4)M(-1). In relation to HSA, the complexes interact strongly with binding constants on the order of 10(5)M(-1). The complexes also display antioxidant behavior as determined by the ability to scavenge diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (dpph) and nitric oxide radicals...
April 20, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448786/microbiological-features-and-clinical-impact-of-the-type-vi-secretion-system-t6ss-in-acinetobacter-baumannii-isolates-causing-bacteremia
#8
Jungok Kim, Ji-Young Lee, Haejeong Lee, Ji Young Choi, Dae Hun Kim, Yu Mi Wi, Kyong Ran Peck, Kwan Soo Ko
We investigated the genetic background and microbiological features of T6SS-positive Acinetobacter baumannii isolates and clinical impact of the T6SS in patients with A. baumannii bacteremia. One hundred and sixty-two A. baumannii isolates from patients with bacteremia in two tertiary-care hospitals in Korea were included in this study. Approximately one-third (51/162, 31.5%) of the A. baumannii clinical isolates possessed the hcp gene, and the hcp-positive isolates were found in several genotypes in multilocus sequence typing...
April 27, 2017: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448741/chromophore-attachment-to-fusion-protein-of-streptavidin-and-recombinant-allophycocyanin-alpha-subunit
#9
Jing Wu, Huaxin Chen, Peng Jiang
The fusion protein (SLA) of streptavidin and allophycocyanin alpha subunit (holo-ApcA) was biosynthesized in Escherichia coli by a dual plasmid system. The recombinant SLA, purified by affinity chromatography, showed spectral properties similar to natural allophycocyanin alpha subunit (ApcA). Spectral and Zinc staining analysis indicated that the recombinant SLA covalently bound phycocyanobilin (PCB). To improve chromophorylation rate of recombinant SLA, an in vitro chromophore attachment reaction system was established, which contained partially chromophylated SLA, PCB and lyase CpcS...
April 27, 2017: Bioengineered
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448543/heterologous-expression-of-a-thermophilic-diacylglycerol-acyltransferase-triggers-triglyceride-accumulation-in-escherichia-coli
#10
Beatriz Lázaro, Juan A Villa, Omar Santín, Matilde Cabezas, Cintia D F Milagre, Fernando de la Cruz, Gabriel Moncalián
Triglycerides (TAGs), the major storage molecules of metabolic energy and source of fatty acids, are produced as single cell oil by some oleogenic microorganisms. However, these microorganisms require strict culture conditions, show low carbon source flexibilities, lack efficient genetic modification tools and in some cases pose safety concerns. TAGs have essential applications such as behaving as a source for added-value fatty acids or giving rise to the production of biodiesel. Hence, new alternative methods are urgently required for obtaining these oils...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448512/suppression-of-the-escherichia-coli-dnaa46-mutation-by-changes-in-the-activities-of-the-pyruvate-acetate-node-links-dna-replication-regulation-to-central-carbon-metabolism
#11
Joanna Tymecka-Mulik, Lidia Boss, Monika Maciąg-Dorszyńska, João F Matias Rodrigues, Lidia Gaffke, Anna Wosinski, Grzegorz M Cech, Agnieszka Szalewska-Pałasz, Grzegorz Węgrzyn, Monika Glinkowska
To ensure faithful transmission of genetic material to progeny cells, DNA replication is tightly regulated, mainly at the initiation step. Escherichia coli cells regulate the frequency of initiation according to growth conditions. Results of the classical, as well as the latest studies, suggest that the DNA replication in E. coli starts at a predefined, constant cell volume per chromosome but the mechanisms coordinating DNA replication with cell growth are still not fully understood. Results of recent investigations have revealed a role of metabolic pathway proteins in the control of cell division and a direct link between metabolism and DNA replication has also been suggested both in Bacillus subtilis and E...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448049/controlled-release-of-chlorine-dioxide-in-a-perforated-packaging-system-to-extend-the-storage-life-and-improve-the-safety-of-grape-tomatoes
#12
Xiuxiu Sun, Elizabeth Baldwin, Anne Plotto, Jan Narciso, Christopher Ference, Mark Ritenour, Ken Harrison, Joseph Gangemi, Jinhe Bai
A controlled-release chlorine dioxide (ClO2) pouch was developed by sealing a slurry form of ClO2 into semipermeable polymer film; the release properties of the pouch were monitored in containers with or without fruit. The pouch was affixed to the inside of a perforated clamshell containing grape tomatoes, and the effect on microbial population, firmness, and weight loss was evaluated during a 14 day storage period at 20 °C. Within 3 days, the ClO2 concentration in the clamshells reached 3.5 ppm and remained constant until day 10...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447993/synthesis-of-1-2-azaborines-and-the-preparation-of-their-protein-complexes-with-t4-lysozyme-mutants
#13
Hyelee Lee, Shih-Yuan Liu
We describe a general synthesis of 1,2-azaborines using standard air-free techniques and protein complex preparation with T4 lysozyme mutants by vapor diffusion. Oxygen- and moisture-sensitive compounds are prepared and isolated under an inert atmosphere (N2) using either a vacuum gas manifold or a glove box. As an example of azaborine synthesis, we demonstrate the synthesis and purification of the volatile N-H-B-ethyl-1,2-azaborine by a five-step sequence involving distillation and column chromatography for the isolation of products...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447417/diagnostic-approach-to-microangiopathic-hemolytic-disorders
#14
REVIEW
K Kottke-Marchant
Thrombotic micro-angiopathies (TMA) are a group of related disorders that are characterized by thrombosis of the microvasculature and associated organ dysfunction, and encompass congenital, acquired, and infectious etiologies. A hall mark of TMAs is the fragmentation of erythrocytes by the microvascular thrombi, resulting in a hemolytic anemia. There are several distinct pathophysiologies leading to microangiopathic hemolysis, ranging from decreased degradation of von Willebrand factor as seen in thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) to endothelial damage facilitated by Escherichia coli shiga toxin or complement dysregulation, seen in shiga toxin-related hemolytic-uremic syndrome (Stx-HUS) and complement-mediated TMA (also called atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome), respectively...
May 2017: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447391/transcriptional-response-of-escherichia-coli-to-ammonia-and-glucose-fluctuations
#15
Joana Danica Simen, Michael Löffler, Günter Jäger, Karin Schäferhoff, Andreas Freund, Jakob Matthes, Jan Müller, Ralf Takors
In large-scale production processes, metabolic control is typically achieved by limited supply of essential nutrients such as glucose or ammonia. With increasing bioreactor dimensions, microbial producers such as Escherichia coli are exposed to changing substrate availabilities due to limited mixing. In turn, cells sense and respond to these dynamic conditions leading to frequent activation of their regulatory programmes. Previously, we characterized short- and long-term strategies of cells to adapt to glucose fluctuations...
April 26, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447330/seawater-drowning-associated-pneumonia-a-10-year-descriptive-cohort-in-intensive-care-unit
#16
Alexandre Robert, Pierre-Éric Danin, Hervé Quintard, Nicolas Degand, Nihal Martis, Denis Doyen, Céline Pulcini, Raymond Ruimy, Carole Ichai, Gilles Bernardin, Jean Dellamonica
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is one of the major complications of drowning, but the optimal empirical antibiotic treatment is not clearly defined. Multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria and fungi have been identified in a recent series of freshwater drowning-associated pneumonia. However, microbial data in seawater drowning are scarce. The objective of the study is to describe the microorganisms isolated in early respiratory specimens obtained from seawater drowning-associated pneumonia and to provide their antibiotic susceptibility pattern...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447265/nadp-dependent-isocitrate-dehydrogenase-from-a-psychrophilic-bacterium-psychromonas-marina
#17
Ryo Hirota, Kango Tsubouchi, Yasuhiro Takada
The gene encoding NADP(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH; EC 1.1.1.42) of a psychrophilic bacterium, Psychromonas marina, was cloned and sequenced. The open reading frame of the gene encoding IDH of P. marina (PmIDH) was 2229 bp in length and corresponded to a polypeptide composed of 742 amino acids. The molecular mass of IDH was calculated as 80,426 Da. The deduced amino acid sequence of PmIDH exhibited high degrees of homology with the monomeric IDH from other bacteria such as Colwellia maris (62% identity) and Azotobacter vinelandii (AvIDH) (64%)...
April 26, 2017: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447026/genome-dynamics-of-escherichia-coli-during-antibiotic-treatment-transfer-loss-and-persistence-of-genetic-elements-in-situ-of-the-infant-gut
#18
Andreas Porse, Heidi Gumpert, Jessica Z Kubicek-Sutherland, Nahid Karami, Ingegerd Adlerberth, Agnes E Wold, Dan I Andersson, Morten O A Sommer
Elucidating the adaptive strategies and plasticity of bacterial genomes in situ is crucial for understanding the epidemiology and evolution of pathogens threatening human health. While much is known about the evolution of Escherichia coli in controlled laboratory environments, less effort has been made to elucidate the genome dynamics of E. coli in its native settings. Here, we follow the genome dynamics of co-existing E. coli lineages in situ of the infant gut during the first year of life. One E. coli lineage causes a urinary tract infection (UTI) and experiences several alterations of its genomic content during subsequent antibiotic treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446907/regulation-and-molecular-basis-of-environmental-muropeptide-uptake-and-utilization-in-fastidious-oral-anaerobe-tannerella-forsythia
#19
Angela Ruscitto, Kiyonobu Honma, Vamsee M Veeramachineni, Kiyoshi Nishikawa, Graham P Stafford, Ashu Sharma
Tannerella forsythia is a Gram-negative oral anaerobe associated with periodontitis. This bacterium is auxotrophic for the peptidoglycan amino sugar N-acetylmuramic (MurNAc) and likely relies on scavenging peptidoglycan fragments (muropeptides) released by cohabiting bacteria during their cell wall recycling. Many Gram-negative bacteria utilize an inner membrane permease, AmpG, to transport peptidoglycan fragments into their cytoplasm. In the T. forsythia genome, the Tanf_08365 ORF has been identified as a homolog of AmpG permease...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446197/re-directing-bacterial-microcompartment-systems-to-enhance-recombinant-expression-of-lysis-protein-e-from-bacteriophage-%C3%AF-x174-in-escherichia-coli
#20
Mimi C Yung, Feliza A Bourguet, Timothy S Carpenter, Matthew A Coleman
BACKGROUND: Recombinant expression of toxic proteins remains a challenging problem. One potential method to shield toxicity and thus improve expression of these proteins is to encapsulate them within protein compartments to sequester them away from their targets. Many bacteria naturally produce so-called bacterial microcompartments (BMCs) in which enzymes comprising a biosynthetic pathway are encapsulated in a proteinaeous shell, which is in part thought to shield the cells from the toxicity of reaction intermediates...
April 26, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
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