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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904777/science-behind-the-cardio-metabolic-benefits-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-biochemical-effects-vs-clinical-outcomes
#1
REVIEW
Rohith N Thota, Jessica J A Ferguson, Kylie A Abbott, Cintia B Dias, Manohar L Garg
Lower incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the Greenland Inuit, Northern Canada and Japan has been attributed to their consumption of seafood rich in long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn-3PUFA). While a large majority of pre-clinical and intervention trials have demonstrated heart health benefits of LCn-3PUFA, some studies have shown no effects or even negative effects. LCn-3PUFA have been shown to favourably modulate blood lipid levels, particularly a reduction in circulating levels of triglycerides...
June 15, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895722/deleting-death-and-dialysis-conservative-care-of-cardio-vascular-risk-and-kidney-function-loss-in-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd
#2
REVIEW
Raymond Vanholder, Steven Van Laecke, Griet Glorieux, Francis Verbeke, Esmeralda Castillo-Rodriguez, Alberto Ortiz
The uremic syndrome, which is the clinical expression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), is a complex amalgam of accelerated aging and organ dysfunctions, whereby cardio-vascular disease plays a capital role. In this narrative review, we offer a summary of the current conservative (medical) treatment options for cardio-vascular and overall morbidity and mortality risk in CKD. Since the progression of CKD is also associated with a higher cardio-vascular risk, we summarize the interventions that may prevent the progression of CKD as well...
June 12, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877153/cardio-metabolic-disease-genetic-risk-factors-among-m%C3%A4-ori-and-pacific-island-people-in-aotearoa-new-zealand-current-state-of-knowledge-and-future-directions
#3
Tony R Merriman, Phillip L Wilcox
CONTEXT: Cardio-metabolic conditions in Aotearoa New Zealand (NZ) Māori and non-indigenous Polynesian (Pacific) populations have been increasing in prevalence and severity, especially over the last two decades. OBJECTIVES: To assess knowledge on genetic and non-genetic risk factors for cardio-metabolic disease in the Māori and Pacific populations residing in Aotearoa NZ by a semi-systematic review of the PubMed database. To outline possible future directions in genetic epidemiological research with Māori and Pacific communities...
May 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875684/efficacy-and-safety-of-low-frequency-whole-body-electromyostimulation-wb-ems-to-improve-health-related-outcomes-in-non-athletic-adults-a-systematic-review
#4
Wolfgang Kemmler, Anja Weissenfels, Sebastian Willert, Mahdieh Shojaa, Simon von Stengel, Andre Filipovic, Heinz Kleinöder, Joshua Berger, Michael Fröhlich
Exercise positively affects most risk factors, diseases and disabling conditions of middle to advanced age, however the majority of middle-aged to older people fall short of the exercise doses recommended for positively affecting cardio-metabolic, musculoskeletal and neurophysiological fitness or disabling conditions. Whole-Body Electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) may be a promising exercise technology for people unable or unmotivated to exercise conventionally. However, until recently there has been a dearth of evidence with respect to WB-EMS-induced effects on health-related outcomes...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875678/neuro-cardio-mechanisms-in-huntington-s-disease-and-other-neurodegenerative-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Bethan J Critchley, Mark Isalan, Michal Mielcarek
Although Huntington's disease is generally considered to be a neurological disorder, there is mounting evidence that heart malfunction plays an important role in disease progression. This is perhaps not unexpected since both cardiovascular and nervous systems are strongly connected - both developmentally and subsequently in health and disease. This connection occurs through a system of central and peripheral neurons that control cardiovascular performance, while in return the cardiovascular system works as a sensor for the nervous system to react to physiological events...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868614/interventional-cardio-oncology-adding-a-new-dimension-to-the-cardio-oncology-field
#6
Victor Y Liu, Ali M Agha, Juan Lopez-Mattei, Nicolas Palaskas, Peter Kim, Kara Thompson, Elie Mouhayar, Konstantinos Marmagkiolis, Saamir A Hassan, Kaveh Karimzad, Cezar A Iliescu
The management of cardiovascular disease in patients with active cancer presents a unique challenge in interventional cardiology. Cancer patients often suffer from significant comorbidities such as thrombocytopenia and coagulopathic and/or hypercoagulable states, which complicates invasive evaluation and can specifically be associated with an increased risk for vascular access complications. Furthermore, anticancer therapies cause injury to the vascular endothelium as well as the myocardium. Meanwhile, improvements in diagnosis and treatment of various cancers have contributed to an increase in overall survival rates in cancer patients...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867537/connexins-and-nitric-oxide-inside-and-outside-mitochondria-significance-for-cardiac-protection-and-adaptation
#7
REVIEW
Maria Shvedova, Yana Anfinogenova, Sergey V Popov, Dmitriy N Atochin
Irreversible myocardial damage happens in the presence of prolonged and severe ischemia. Several phenomena protect the heart against myocardial infarction and other adverse outcomes of ischemia and reperfusion (IR), namely: hibernation related to stunned myocardium, ischemic preconditioning (IPC), ischemic post-conditioning, and their pharmacological surrogates. Ischemic preconditioning consists in the induction of a brief IR to reduce damage of the tissue caused by prolonged and severe ischemia. Nitric oxide (NO) signaling plays an essential role in IPC...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866059/statin-use-and-all-cause-mortality-in-people-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Olalekan A Uthman, Chidozie Nduka, Samuel I Watson, Edward J Mills, Andre P Kengne, Shabbar S Jaffar, Aileen Clarke, Tahereh Moradi, Anna-Mia Ekström, Richard Lilford
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether statin use among people living with HIV results in a reduction in all-cause mortality. We aimed to evaluate the effect of statin use on all-cause mortality among people living with HIV. METHODS: We conducted comprehensive literature searches of Medline, Embase, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, and cross-references up to April 2018. We included randomised, quasi-randomised trials and prospective cohort studies that examined the association between statin use and cardio-protective and mortality outcomes among people living with HIV...
June 5, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804887/proton-pump-inhibitors-and-the-risk-of-severe-adverse-events-a-cardiovascular-bomb
#9
REVIEW
Nelson Cunha, António Pedro Machado
Proton pump inhibitors are currently one of the most prescribed pharmacological classes in developed countries, given their effectiveness and safety profile previously considered favourable. However, over the last few years, several papers have been published that associate prolonged use of these drugs with a wide range of adverse effects, posing doubts about their safety. Among the adverse effects described, one should emphasize the increased risk of cardiovascular events. This relationship was first described in subjects after acute coronary syndrome by the interference of proton pump inhibitors in cytochrome P450 2C19 and the conversion of clopidogrel to active metabolite...
May 24, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802472/biomarker-discovery-in-cardio-oncology
#10
REVIEW
Anita Vohra, Aarti Asnani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this article, we review current and emerging approaches to biomarker discovery to facilitate early diagnosis of cancer therapy-associated cardiovascular toxicity. RECENT FINDINGS: Although small studies have demonstrated an association between established biomarkers of cardiac injury (troponins and brain natriuretic peptide) and acute or subacute cardiotoxicity, there is insufficient evidence to support their use in routine clinical care. Preclinical studies to define the molecular mechanisms of cardiotoxicity, as well as the use of unbiased "omics" techniques in small patient cohorts, have yielded promising candidate biomarkers that have the potential to enrich current risk stratification algorithms...
May 25, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786189/-renal-infarction-multicentric-cases-in-piedmont
#11
Daria Motta, Andrea Airoldi, Serena Bainotti, Manuel Burdese, Andrea Campo, Luigia Costantini, Raffaella Cravero, Paola Mesiano, Giorgina B Piccoli, Olga Randone, Andrea Serra, Patrizia Vio, Roberto Boero
We describe factors associated to renal infarction, clinical, instrumental and laboratoristic features, and therapeutic strategies too. This is an observational, review and polycentric study of cases in Nephrologic Units in Piedmont during 2013-2015, with diagnosis of renal infarction by Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA). We collected 48 cases (25 M, age 57±16i; 23 F age 70±18, p = 0.007), subdivided in 3 groups based on etiology: group 1: cardio-embolic (n=19) ; group 2: coagulation abnormalities (n= 9); group 3: other causes or idiopathic (n=20)...
May 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783917/capecitabine-induced-myopericarditis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#12
Sydney Saunders, Maria Anwar
Objective To describe a possible case of capecitabine-induced myopericarditis in a patient at the Cardio-Oncology Clinic in Calgary, AB. Design A literature search and adverse drug reaction assessment with the Naranjo tool was conducted. Results A 39-year-old male with recurrent locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma presented two days after adjuvant treatment with capecitabine and oxaliplatin complaining of intermittent, severe interscapular pain. Based on symptoms, laboratory investigations, and imaging, the patient was diagnosed with acute myopericarditis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773069/high-altitude-pulmonary-hypertension
#13
Maurizio Bussotti, Giovanni Marchese
The effects of hypoxia on the human organism has been considered doubly fascinating by the scientific community: the knowledge of the discrete mechanisms allowing the acclimatization both at the genetic level or through the cell mediators production in addition to the macroscopic responses of the cardio-circulatory and ventilatory systems to a hypoxic environment has been progressively developed since the last century; moreover granting a safer stay in hypoxic conditions not only for the residents but also for the different cathegories of workers, sportsmen and tourists has been considered a worthy aim of the medical activity...
May 17, 2018: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770291/a-review-of-the-nunn-modified-single-patch-technique-for-atrioventricular-septal-defect-repair
#14
REVIEW
Tracy R Geoffrion, Kanchana Singappuli, John S K Murala
Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) is a common congenital cardiac surgical problem. Over the years, younger and smaller infants are having operations for this condition before irreversible cardio pulmonary changes occur. Traditionally a single or two patch techniques have been used to repair this defect. However, in the past two decades an innovative method of modified single patch technique popularized by Dr. Graham Nunn has gained worldwide popularity. This review discusses the origin, surgical principles, technique and outcomes of this method, popularly known as Nunn or Australian technique...
April 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761335/-biomarkers-and-atrial-fibrillation-prediction-of-recurrences-and-thromboembolic-events-after-rhythm-control-management
#15
REVIEW
Jelena Kornej, Katja Schumacher, Daniela Husser, Gerhard Hindricks
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical praxis and is associated with an increased risk for cardio- and cerebrovascular complications leading to an increased mortality. Catheter ablation represents one of the most important and efficient therapy strategies in AF patients. Nevertheless, the high incidence of arrhythmia recurrences after catheter ablation leads to repeated procedures and higher treatment costs. Recently, several scores had been developed to predict rhythm outcomes after catheter ablation...
May 14, 2018: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761086/aortic-brachial-pulse-wave-velocity-ratio-a-measure-of-arterial-stiffness-gradient-not-affected-by-mean-arterial-pressure
#16
REVIEW
Catherine Fortier, Marie-Pier Desjardins, Mohsen Agharazii
Background: Aortic stiffness, measured by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV), is used for the prediction of cardiovascular risk. This mini-review describes the nonlinear relationship between cf-PWV and operational blood pressure, presents the proposed methods to adjust for this relationship, and discusses a potential place for aortic-brachial PWV ratio (a measure of arterial stiffness gradient) as a blood pressure-independent measure of vascular aging. Summary: PWV is inherently dependent on the operational blood pressure...
March 2018: Pulse (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761084/options-for-dealing-with-pressure-dependence-of-pulse-wave-velocity-as-a-measure-of-arterial-stiffness-an-update-of-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-cavi-and-cavi0
#17
REVIEW
Bart Spronck, Tammo Delhaas, Mark Butlin, Koen D Reesink, Alberto P Avolio
Pulse wave velocity (PWV), a marker of arterial stiffness, is known to change instantaneously with changes in blood pressure. In this mini-review, we discuss two main approaches for handling the blood pressure dependence of PWV: (1) converting PWV into a pressure-independent index, and (2) correcting PWV per se for the pressure dependence. Under option 1, we focus on cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI). CAVI is essentially a form of stiffness index β - CAVI is estimated for a (heart-to-ankle) trajectory, whereas β is estimated for a single artery from pressure and diameter measurements...
March 2018: Pulse (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754254/interplay-between-cardiac-transcription-factors-and-non-coding-rnas-in-predisposing-to-atrial-fibrillation
#18
REVIEW
Alexander T Mikhailov, Mario Torrado
There is growing evidence that putative gene regulatory networks including cardio-enriched transcription factors, such as PITX2, TBX5, ZFHX3, and SHOX2, and their effector/target genes along with downstream non-coding RNAs can play a potentially important role in the process of adaptive and maladaptive atrial rhythm remodeling. In turn, expression of atrial fibrillation-associated transcription factors is under the control of upstream regulatory non-coding RNAs. This review broadly explores gene regulatory mechanisms associated with susceptibility to atrial fibrillation-with key examples from both animal models and patients-within the context of both cardiac transcription factors and non-coding RNAs...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750912/ras-signalling-in-energy-metabolism-and-rare-human-diseases
#19
REVIEW
L Dard, N Bellance, D Lacombe, R Rossignol
The RAS pathway is a highly conserved cascade of protein-protein interactions and phosphorylation that is at the heart of signalling networks that govern proliferation, differentiation and cell survival. Recent findings indicate that the RAS pathway plays a role in the regulation of energy metabolism via the control of mitochondrial form and function but little is known on the participation of this effect in RAS-related rare human genetic diseases. Germline mutations that hyperactivate the RAS pathway have been discovered and linked to human developmental disorders that are known as RASopathies...
May 8, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749244/influence-of-perioperative-hypothermia-on-blood-clotting-in-children
#20
A Trckova, P Stourac
OBJECTIVES: The decrease of body temperature is one of the causes of blood clotting disorders. BACKGROUND: Accidental hypothermia during anesthesia is a common condition and children, especially newborns, are the most sensitive patients to the side effects of hypothermia. METHODS: Web of Science, SCOPUS and PubMed search was performed to retrieve both original and review articles addressing both, hypothermia during surgery and coagulation disorder in pediatric patients...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
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