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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457399/-osseous-bridge-resection-for-the-treatment-of-adult-talocalaneal-coalitions-without-arthritis
#1
Bing Xie, Shuo Yan, Hao Zhang, Yuan-Wei Wang, Jing Tian
OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical outcomes of osseous-bridge resection for the treatment of adult symptomatic talocalcaneal coalitions without arthritis. METHODS: The clinical data of 12 patients (15 feet) with symptomatic talocalcaneal coalitions without arthtitis from January 2013 to June 2016 were respectively analyzed. All cases were secondary talocalcaneal coalition. There were 9 males (11 feet) and 3 females (4 feet) with a mean (26.6±3.3) years old (ranged, 18 to 33 years old)...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454371/auditory-effects-of-autologous-fat-graft-for-torp-stabilization-in-the-middle-ear-a-cadaveric-study
#2
Margaret Aron, Thomas G Landry, Manohar Bance
BACKGROUND: Total ossicular replacement prostheses (TORP) are often used to re-establish ossicular coupling of sound in an ear lacking a stapes supra-structure. The use of TORPs, however, is associated with a 2/3 five year failure rate due to their anatomic instability over time in the middle ear. The use of autologous fat to try and stabilize TORPs may improve long-term results with this challenging ossicular reconstruction technique. METHODS: A cadaveric temporal bone model was developed and laser Doppler vibrometry was used to measure and record round window membrane vibration in response to sound stimulation under the following conditions: normal middle ear, middle ear filled with fat, normal middle ear with TORP prosthesis, TORP prosthesis with fat around its distal end and TORP prosthesis with fat filling the middle ear...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443828/fat-grafting-for-facial-rejuvenation-and-contouring-a-rationalized-approach
#3
Lee L Q Pu
The clinical outcome after fat grafting for facial rejuvenation and contouring can be less optimal because lack of standardized techniques is performed by the surgeon for the procedure. In this review, the author has tried to provide a rationalized approach to fat grafting for facial rejuvenation and contouring. The preferred donor sites include low abdomen and inner thigh especially in younger patients. Fat grafts should be harvested with low negative pressure via syringe liposuction technique to ensure the integrity as well as the optimal level of cellular function...
February 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438465/does-stromal-vascular-fraction-ensure-a-higher-survival-in-autologous-fat-grafting-for-breast-augmentation-a-volumetric-study-using-3-dimensional-laser-scanning
#4
Cheng-Hung Chiu
Background: Cell-assisted lipotransfer (CAL) has been considered a promising technique for promoting adipogenesis and angiogenesis in fat grafts. Objectives: The author sought to objectively analyze the change of breast volume in patients who underwent stromal vascular fraction (SVF)-enriched fat grafting for breast augmentation and compared the clinical results with those who underwent conventional fat grafting without SVF by using 3D laser scanning. Methods: From April 2015 to March 2016, 105 patients who underwent traditional fat grafting without SVF enrichment for breast augmentation were assigned to group A and served as the control...
February 9, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437518/safety-and-efficacy-concerns-of-autologous-fat-grafting-for-velopharyngeal-insufficiency
#5
Yun S Phua, Mark J Edmondson, Rachel J Kerr, Kirstie A Macgill, Rodrigo P Teixeira, Jonathan A Burge
OBJECTIVE: Autologous fat grafting of the velopharynx has been well described for the treatment of velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI), with most studies purporting it as a technique with low morbidity useful in the treatment of mild VPI. Prompted by 3 cases of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) following fat grafting of the velopharynx, we undertook a review of the outcomes of this procedure at our unit. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: All patients who underwent autologous fat grafting for VPI at the Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne...
March 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436657/effect-of-notoginsenoside-r1-on-autologous-adipose-graft-in-rats
#6
Guizong Chen, Qin Li, Yanping Luo, Tao Liu, Shaolong Zhou, Er Pan, Lixia Peng
Autologous fat particle transplantation has been widely used by surgeons. The present study evaluated the effect of Notoginsenoside R1 (NR1) treatment on rat autologous fat graft, along with the quality and retention rates. Male Sprague‑Dawley rats (n=60) received fat particle auto‑transplantation from the left abdominal cavity into lateral dorsum. A total of 14 days after surgery, NR1 in different doses (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg/day) was injected into rats, following which blood and fat graft samples were harvested at days 7, 14 and 28...
February 13, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432568/cellulite-a-surgical-treatment-approach
#7
Carlos Oscar Uebel, Pedro Salomao Piccinini, Alessandra Martinelli, Daniela Feijó Aguiar, Renato Franz Matta Ramos
Background: Cellulite is one of the most common skin and subcutaneous tissue conditions, affecting predominantly the thighs and hips in post-adolescent women. Its etiology is not well defined, and multiple available treatments show variable efficacy. Objective: To describe a technique for treatment of cellulite of the gluteal region, thighs, and hips through superficial liposuction utilizing a special cannula, combined with subcutaneous autologous fat grafting. Methods: A retrospective review was performed of patients treated over 26 years at the Hospital São Lucas, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil...
February 8, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428734/co-transplantation-of-exosomes-derived-from-hypoxia-preconditioned-adipose-mesenchymal-stem-cells-promotes-neovascularization-and-graft-survival-in-fat-grafting
#8
Yu-di Han, Yun Bai, Xin-Long Yan, Jing Ren, Quan Zeng, Xiao-Dong Li, Xue-Tao Pei, Yan Han
BACKGROUND: Adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs)-derived exosomes (ADSC-Exos) account for the proangiogenic potential of stem cell. This study aimed to investigate the effect of ADSC-derived exosomes (ADSC-Exos) on the survival in fat grafting. METHODS: A nude mouse model of subcutaneous fat grafting was adopted. Hypoxic preconditioned ADSC-Exos and ADSC-Exos were injected around the grafted tissue. The fat graft sample was weighed and examined by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and immunohistochemistry...
February 8, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417051/inflammation-in-vein-graft-disease
#9
REVIEW
Margreet R de Vries, Paul H A Quax
Bypass surgery is one of the most frequently used strategies to revascularize tissues downstream occlusive atherosclerotic lesions. For venous bypass surgery the great saphenous vein is the most commonly used vessel. Unfortunately, graft efficacy is low due to the development of vascular inflammation, intimal hyperplasia and accelerated atherosclerosis. Moreover, failure of grafts leads to significant adverse outcomes and even mortality. The last couple of decades not much has changed in the treatment of vein graft disease (VGD)...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409105/surgical-approach-to-the-thick-nasolabial-folds-jowls-and-heavy-neck-how-to-approach-and-suspend-the-facial-ligaments
#10
Ozcan Cakmak, Ismet Emrah Emre, Berke Özücer
Patients with thick skin typically present with a redundant, baggy, lax skin envelope together with prominent nasolabial folds, jowls, and a heavy neck. Durable and natural-appearing rejuvenation is not possible unless the deformities are addressed adequately and harmoniously in these patients. Traditional superficial musculoaponeurotic system techniques do not include surgical release of the zygomatic cutaneous ligaments and repositioning of descendent malar fat pad, and may lead to an unbalanced, unnatural appearance and the lateral sweep phenomenon...
February 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406260/skull-base-erosion-resulting-from-primary-tumors-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-and-skull-base-region-our-classification-and-reconstruction-experience
#11
Min-Jie Chen, Chi Yang, Ji-Si Zheng, Guo Bai, Zi-Xiang Han, Yi-Wen Wang
PURPOSE: We sought to introduce our classification and reconstruction protocol for skull base erosions in the temporomandibular joint and skull base region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with neoplasms in the temporomandibular joint and skull base region treated from January 2006 to March 2017 were reviewed. Skull base erosion was classified into 3 types according to the size of the defect. RESULTS: We included 33 patients, of whom 5 (15...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404249/extended-endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-suprasellar-craniopharyngioma
#12
D Locatelli, F Pozzi, G Agresta, S Padovan, A Karligkiotis, P Castelnuovo
Objectives  We illustrate a suprasellar craniopharyngiomas treated with an extended endoscopic endonasal approach (EEEA). Design  Case report of a 43-year-old male affected by cerebral lesion located in suprasellar region involving the third ventricle and compressing the neurovascular structures, causing an anterosuperior dislocation of the chiasma. There is a complete disruption of the pituitary stalk that can explain the clinical finding of partial anterior hypopituitarism and hyperprolactinemia. The lesion is characterized by a solid and cystic component...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403186/innovative-usage-of-accessory-auricles-as-full-thickness-skin-graft
#13
Elankumar Subbarayan, Ravikumar Chittoria
Accessory auricles are relatively rare malformations arising from the first branchial arch which contains skin, fat and cartilage. The treatment is usually surgical removal for the cosmetic purpose. We are sharing our experience of utilising the accessory auricle skin as full thickness graft for post.burn reconstruction of the fingers contracture of a child. Even though this type of association is rare, it is an innovative idea following Sir Harold Gilles' principle 'Never throw anything away'.
July 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401128/autologous-fat-grafting-in-the-treatment-of-cleft-lip-volume-asymmetry
#14
Stephanie L Koonce, David G Grant, Jonathan Cook, Eric J Stelnicki
BACKGROUND: The goal of cleft lip repair is a symmetrical balanced lip with minimal scar. Fat grafting is an established procedure in cosmetic and reconstructive surgery for restoration or correction of contour deformity, volume loss, and improved tissue characteristics. In this study, we evaluated the use of fat grafting in correction of cleft lip volume asymmetry. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of our series of patients who underwent fat grafting using the Coleman technique for cleft lip volume asymmetry...
February 2, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396591/clinical-application-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Panxi Yu, Zhen Zhai, Xiaolei Jin, Xiaonan Yang, Zuoliang Qi
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) has been applied in the clinical field for more than a decade, but largely in oral surgery and implant dentistry. Its utilization in plastic and reconstructive surgery is limited and lacking a comprehensive review. Hence, this article focuses on the various clinical applications of PRF pertaining to the plastic and reconstructive field through a systematic review. METHODS: In this review, articles describing the clinical application of PRF in plastic and reconstructive surgery were screened using predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 2, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396167/challenges-in-vascular-tissue-engineering-for-diabetic-patients
#16
REVIEW
Jhilmil Dhulekar, Agneta Simionescu
Hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia coexist in diabetes and result in inflammation, degeneration, and impaired tissue remodeling, processes which are not conducive to the desired integration of tissue engineered products into the surrounding tissues. There are several challenges for vascular tissue engineering such as non-thrombogenicity, adequate burst pressure and compliance, suturability, appropriate remodeling responses, and vasoactivity, but, under diabetic conditions, an additional challenge needs to be considered: the aggressive oxidative environment generated by the high glucose and lipid concentrations that lead to the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in the vascular wall...
January 25, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396131/donor-pnpla3-rs738409-genotype-is-a-risk-factor-for-graft-steatosis-a-post-transplant-biopsy-based-study
#17
Pavel Trunečka, Irena Míková, Dana Dlouhá, Jaroslav A Hubáček, Eva Honsová, Libor Kolesár, Věra Lánská, Soňa Fraňková, Jan Šperl, Milan Jirsa, Rudolf Poledne
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The rs738409 c.444C > G (p.I148M) polymorphism in PNPLA3 is a major factor predisposing to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The aim of the study was to clarify the impact of liver and extrahepatic expression of the PNPLA3 p.148M variant on liver graft steatosis after liver transplantation. METHODS: Fat content was assessed in liver biopsies from 176 transplant recipients. During a period of 4 ± 1 years after transplantation, 17 patients developed grade 3 steatosis, 14 patients grade 2 steatosis, 56 patients grade 1 steatosis, and 89 patients grade 0 steatosis...
January 9, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390374/use-of-small-needle-knife-in-autologous-fat-grafting-for-the-treatment-of-depressed-scar-a-case-report
#18
Songjia Tang, Xiaoxin Wu, Haiyan Shen, Yuyan Wang, Jinsheng Li, Jufang Zhang
RATIONALE: Scars always related to functional limitations, cosmetic impairment, and social and emotional problems. Clinical improvements in scar characteristics after autologous fat grafting are well described. In this paper, we present an innovative approach to treat depressed scars. PATIENT CONCERNS: We presented a 29-year-old woman with multiple depressed scars in the left upper arm and near the elbow joint after trauma in childhood. DIAGNOSES: The patient was diagnosed as having multiple depressed scars accompanied with retraction and pain...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384821/treating-breast-conservation-therapy-defects-with-brava-and-fat-grafting
#19
David Boccara, Jonathan Haddad, Marc Chaouat, Kevin Serror, Maurice Mimoun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384820/response-to-commentary-on-treating-breast-conservation-therapy-bct-defects-with-brava-and-fat-grafting-technique-outcomes-and-safety-profile
#20
Michael N Mirzabeigi, Ran Y Stark, Louis P Bucky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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