keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hip spine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151007/sagittal-pelvic-orientation-a-comparison-of-two-methods-of-measurement
#1
Aaron Buckland, Edward DelSole, Stephen George, Shaleen Vira, Virginie Lafage, Thomas Errico, Jonathan Vigdorchik
Pelvic tilt is an essential parameter in spinal deformity surgery and in acetabular positioning for total hip arthroplasty. However, the measurement of tilt varies between the hip and spine literature. Hip surgeons measure the anterior pelvic plane tilt, whereas spine surgeons measure the spinopelvic tilt. This study uses stereoradiography (EOS imaging SA, Paris, France) to assess the relationship and the inter-observer and intra-observer reliability of measuring these two common references for pelvic tilt...
December 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143140/impact-of-conventional-medical-therapy-on-bone-mineral-density-and-bone-turnover-in-adult-patients-with-x-linked-hypophosphatemia-a-6-year-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Vikram Vinod Shanbhogue, Stinus Hansen, Niklas Rye Jørgensen, Signe Sparre Beck-Nielsen
X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is a rare, inheritable disorder manifesting as rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. While conventional medical treatment with oral phosphate and alfacalcidol is recommended in childhood, it is undecided whether adults should continue therapy. The aim of this 6-year prospective study was to determine the impact of conventional medical treatment on areal bone mineral density (aBMD), bone turnover markers (BTMs) and measures of calcium homeostasis in 27 adult patients with XLH, 11 of whom received medical treatment...
November 15, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140962/anatomic-study-of-innervation-of-the-anterior-hip-capsule-implication-for-image-guided-intervention
#3
Anthony J Short, Jessi Jo G Barnett, Michael Gofeld, Ehtesham Baig, Karen Lam, Anne M R Agur, Philip W H Peng
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this cadaveric study was to determine the pattern of anterior hip capsule innervation and the associated bony landmarks for image-guided radiofrequency denervation. METHODS: Thirteen hemipelvises were dissected to identify innervation of the anterior hip capsule. The femoral (FN), obturator (ON), and accessory obturator (AON) nerves were traced distally, and branches supplying the anterior capsule documented. The relationships of the branches to bony landmarks potentially visible with ultrasound were identified...
November 14, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136209/use-of-18f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-of-polymyalgia-rheumatica-a-prospective-study-of-99-patients
#4
Liesbet Henckaerts, Olivier Gheysens, Steven Vanderschueren, Karolien Goffin, Daniel Blockmans
Objective: Previous studies have shown that the majority of patients with PMR have increased 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake around the shoulders, hips and processes of the cervical and lumbar spine on PET. The specificity of these findings for PMR is, however, not known. Methods: We prospectively included 99 consecutive patients with a possible clinical diagnosis of PMR. All patients underwent 18F-FDG-PET scanning before treatment with glucocorticoids was started...
October 7, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135048/the-biomechanical-construction-of-the-horse-s-body-and-activity-patterns-of-three-important-muscles-of-the-trunk-in-the-walk-trot-and-canter
#5
K Kienapfel, H Preuschoft, A Wulf, H Wagner
The activity patterns of trunk muscles are commonly neglected, in spite of their importance for maintaining body shape. Analysis of the biomechanics of the trunk under static conditions has led to predictions of the activity patterns. These hypotheses are tested experimentally by surface electromyography (EMG). Five horses, with and without a rider, were examined in the walk, trot and canter. Footfall was synchronised with EMG by an accelerometer. Averages of ten consecutive cycles were calculated and compared by statistical methods...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134283/investigation-of-the-relation-between-bone-mass-density-and-serum-preptin-levels-in-pre-and-postmenopausal-women
#6
Saeed Nazari Soltan Aahmad, Sajjad Nourollahi, Faranak Kazerouni, Nahid Kianmehr, Hamed Hajipour, Davoud Sanajou, Vahid Hosseini
Preptin is a peptide hormone co-secreted with insulin and amylin from pancreatic β cells. It has been demonstrated to have osteogenic effects both in vitro and in vivo. In the present study, serum preptin levels were measured in pre- and postmenopausal women with similar body mass indexes (BMIs) to elucidate its link with bone mineral density (BMD). Sixty women (30 premenopausal and 30 postmenopausal) with low bone mineral density were studied. The BMD scores, serum preptin levels and serum estradiol levels were measured...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128293/test-retest-reliability-of-sit-to-stand-and-stand-to-sit-analysis-in-people-with-and-without-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#7
Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Rasool Bagheri, Elham Jannati
BACKGROUND: Sit-to-stand (STD) and stand-to-sit (SIT) analysis can provide information on functional independence in daily activities in patients with low back pain (LBP). However, in order for measurements to be clinically useful, data on psychometric properties should be available. OBJECTIVES: The main purpose was to investigate intra-rater reliability of STD and SIT tasks in participants with and without chronic non-specific LBP (CNLBP). The second purpose was to detect any differences in lumbar spine and hips sagittal plane kinematics and coordination between asymptomatic individuals and CNLBP patients during STD and SIT...
November 6, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124433/positive-association-between-serum-uric-acid-and-bone-mineral-density-in-chinese-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-stratified-by-gender-and-bmi
#8
Mingxin Xu, Junlei Su, Jie Hao, Ni Zhong, Zhiyin Zhang, Ran Cui, Feng Li, Chunjun Sheng, Ge Zhang, Hui Sheng, Shen Qu
Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that serum uric acid (UA), a natural powerful antioxidant, plays a beneficial role in bone health in the general population. However, few reports are available on the association between serum UA and bone in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We therefore investigated whether the benefit of serum UA for bone health was still present in those patients. 626 males and 609 postmenopausal females with T2DM were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Serum UA concentrations and bone mineral density (BMD) measured at lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry were obtained from all subjects...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122473/automated-radiology-operative-note-communication-tool-closing-the-loop-in-musculoskeletal-imaging
#9
William Moore, Ankur Doshi, Priya Bhattacharji, Soterios Gyftopoulos, Gina Ciavarra, Danny Kim, Michael Recht
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Correlation of imaging studies and reference standard outcomes is a significant challenge in radiology. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a new communication tool by assessing the ability of this system to correctly match the imaging studies to arthroscopy reports and qualitatively assessing radiologist behavior before and after the implementation of this system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a commercially available communication or educational tool and applying a novel matching rule algorithm, radiology and arthroscopy reports were matched from January 17, 2017 to March 1, 2017 based on anatomy...
November 6, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116457/correction-to-comparison-of-fracture-risk-assessment-tools-in-older-men-without-prior-hip-or-spine-fracture-the-mros-study
#10
Margaret L Gourlay, Victor S Ritter, Jason P Fine, Robert A Overman, John T Schousboe, Peggy M Cawthon, Eric S Orwoll, Tuan V Nguyen, Nancy E Lane, Steven R Cummings, Deborah M Kado, Jodi A Lapidus, Susan J Diem, Kristine E Ensrud
Owing to an oversight by the authors, the acknowledgments were incomplete.
November 7, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115684/bone-material-strength-index-as-measured-by-impact-microindentation-in-postmenopausal-women-with-distal-radius-and-hip-fractures
#11
Tamara D Rozental, Kempland C Walley, Serkalem Demissie, Signe Caksa, Adriana Martinez-Betancourt, Amber M Parker, Joy N Tsai, Elaine W Yu, Mary L Bouxsein
We tested whether cortical bone tissue properties assessed by in vivo impact microindentation would distinguish postmenopausal women with recent distal radius (DRF) or hip fracture (HF) from non-fracture controls (CONT). We enrolled postmenopausal women with recent DRF (n=57), HF (n=41) or CONT (n=93), and used impact microindentation to assess bone material strength index (BMSi) at the anterior surface of the mid-tibia diaphysis. Areal BMD (g/cm(2) ) of the femoral neck (FN), total hip (TH) and lumbar spine (LS) were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114928/a-new-substitute-for-formalin-application-to-embalming-cadavers
#12
Yoshinori Haizuka, Miki Nagase, Satoshi Takashino, Yasushi Kobayashi, Yoshihisa Fujikura, George Matsumura
The development of formalin-free fixatives is an urgent issue in gross anatomy because of the health hazard and the tissue-hardening actions of formalin. We recently identified the fixative, antimicrobial, and preservative effects of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone (NVP), a precursor of the water-soluble macromolecular polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone, in animal experiments. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether NVP solution can be used as an alternative to formalin in human cadaveric dissection. Twelve donated cadavers were infused with NVP via the femoral and common carotid arteries using a peristaltic pump...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110905/extra-articular-hip-impingement-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
N Arévalo Galeano, N Santamaría Guinea, J Gredilla Molinero, M Grande Bárez
Hip and groin pain is a common clinical problem. Multiple causes can generate hip or groin pain, often sharing clinical and demographic characteristics. Diagnostic imaging tests play an important role in the etiological diagnosis. New forms of extra-articular hip impingement have recently been recognized as a cause of hip pain and limited function especially in young active patients. These conditions include ischiofemoral impingement, anterior inferior iliac spine and subspine impingement, iliopsoas impingement and greater trochanteric-pelvic impingement...
October 27, 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110129/real-life-management-and-outcome-of-thyroid-carcinoma-related-bone-metastases-results-from-a-nationwide-multicenter-experience
#14
G Mazziotti, A M Formenti, M B Panarotto, E Arvat, A Chiti, A Cuocolo, M E Dottorini, C Durante, L Agate, S Filetti, F Felicetti, A Filice, L Pace, T Pellegrino, M Rodari, M Salvatori, C Tranfaglia, A Versari, D Viola, S Frara, A Berruti, A Giustina, R Giubbini
PURPOSE AND PATIENTS: The M.O.S.CA.TI. (Metastases of the Skeleton from CArcinoma of the ThyroId) is a multicenter, retrospective study investigating the real-life outcome and management of bone metastases (BM) in 143 patients (63 M, 80 F; median age 64 years, range 11-87) with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). RESULTS: Radio-active iodine (RAI) treatment was performed in 131 patients (91.6%), surgical approach and/or external radiotherapy in 68 patients (47...
November 6, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107836/using-verbal-instructions-to-influence-lifting-mechanics-does-the-directive-lift-with-your-legs-not-your-back-attenuate-spinal-flexion
#15
Tyson A C Beach, Tatjana Stankovic, Danielle R Carnegie, Rachel Micay, David M Frost
"Use your legs" is commonly perceived as sound advice to prevent lifting-related low-back pain and injuries, but there is limited evidence that this directive attenuates the concomitant biomechanical risk factors. Body segment kinematic data were collected from 12 men and 12 women who performed a laboratory lifting/lowering task after being provided with different verbal instructions. The main finding was that instructing participants to lift "without rounding your lower back" had a greater effect on the amount of spine flexion they exhibited when lifting/lowering than instructing them to lift "with your legs instead of your back" and "bend your knees and hips"...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099886/risk-of-osteoporotic-fracture-after-steroid-injections-in-patients-with-medicare
#16
Leah Y Carreon, Kevin L Ong, Edmund Lau, Steven M Kurtz, Steven D Glassman
To further evaluate the relationship between steroid injections and osteoporotic fracture risk, we analyzed Medicare administrative claims data on both large-joint steroid injections (LJSIs) into knee and hip and transforaminal steroid injections (TSIs), as well as osteoporotic hip and wrist fractures. Our hypothesis was that a systemic effect of steroid injections would increase fracture risk in all skeletal locations regardless of injection site, whereas a local effect would produce a disproportionate increased risk of spine fracture with spine injection...
September 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097949/comparison-of-central-and-peripheral-bone-mineral-density-measurements-in-postmenopausal-women
#17
Azza M Abdelmohsen
Objectives: The purpose of the current study was to compare central and peripheral bone mineral density at different regions including spine, hip, and wrist in postmenopausal women. Methods: Forty postmenopausal women participated in this study. Their mean age, body mass, height, and body mass index were 53.5 ± 2.75 y, 68.6 ± 8.68 kg, 167.8 ± 6.46 cm, and 24.31 ± 1.69 kg/m(2), respectively. Bone mineral density (BMD) T-scores of spine, hip, and wrist regions were measured for all participants with a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092997/the-orthopaedic-manifestation-and-outcomes-of-methicillin-sensitive-staphylococcus-aureus-septicaemia
#18
D Makki, T Elgamal, P Evans, D Harvey, G Jackson, S Platt
AIMS: The aim of this paper was to present the clinical features of patients with musculoskeletal sources of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) septicaemia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 137 patients presented with MSSA septicaemia between 2012 and 2015. The primary source of infection was musculoskeletal in 48 patients (35%). Musculoskeletal infection was considered the primary source of septicaemia when endocarditis and other obvious sources were excluded...
November 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090329/predictors-of-change-of-trabecular-bone-score-tbs-in-older-men-results-from-the-osteoporotic-fractures-in-men-mros-study
#19
J T Schousboe, T N Vo, L Langsetmo, B C Taylor, A M Kats, A V Schwartz, D C Bauer, J A Cauley, K E Ensrud
Among older men, characteristics that predict longitudinal changes in trabecular bone score (TBS) are different from characteristics that predict changes in bone mineral density (BMD). Most notably, weight loss is strongly associated with concomitant loss in BMD but with concomitant increases in TBS, when measured on Hologic densitometers. INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to compare and contrast predictors of changes in TBS, total hip BMD, and lumbar spine BMD. METHODS: Our study population was 3969 Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) cohort participants (mean age 72...
October 31, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080951/morphological-variation-of-the-anterior-inferior-iliac-spine-affects-hip-range-of-motion-in-flexion-after-rotational-acetabular-osteotomy
#20
Hidetoshi Hamada, Masaki Takao, Takashi Sakai, Nobuhiko Sugano
PURPOSE: Reduced range of motion (ROM) in flexion and internal rotation are associated with impaired activities of daily living (ADL) after rotational acetabular osteotomy (RAO). This study focused on the morphological variation of the anterior inferior iliac spine in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and its impact on post-operative bony ROM after RAO. This study aimed to investigate the association between bony ROM after RAO and pre-operative morphological factors of the pelvis and femur, including a positional variation of the anterior inferior iliac spine...
October 28, 2017: International Orthopaedics
keyword
keyword
30483
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"