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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699355/content-relevance-of-the-foot-and-ankle-ability-measure-in-patients-with-achilles-tendon-diseases
#1
Christopher W Reb, Sundeep S Saini, James F Stenson, Mohamed F Albana, David I Pedowitz, Steven M Raikin, Joseph N Daniel
BACKGROUND: The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is among the most widely utilized and best psychometrically supported lower extremity-specific patient-reported outcome measures. However, its content relevance has never been directly subjected to patient assessment. METHODS: This was an institutional review board-approved, prospective, cross-sectional study of 75 patients with Achilles tendon diseases who ranked the relevance of the FAAM's items and subscales as 1 = Not relevant, 2 = Somewhat relevant, or 3 = Very relevant...
July 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690665/use-of-integrative-medicine-in-the-united-states-military-health-system
#2
REVIEW
Cathaleen Madsen, Megan Vaughan, Tracey Pérez Koehlmoos
Integrative medicine (IM) is a model of care which uses both conventional and nonconventional therapies in a "whole person" approach to achieve optimum mental, physical, emotional, spiritual, and environmental health, and is increasingly popular among patients and providers seeking to relieve chronic or multifactorial conditions. The US Department of Defense (DoD) shows particular interest in and usage of IM for managing chronic conditions including the signature "polytrauma triad" of chronic pain, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among its beneficiaries in the Military Health System (MHS)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#3
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663587/challenge-of-liquid-stressed-protective-materials-and-environmental-persistence-of-ebola-virus
#4
Aidan M Nikiforuk, Todd A Cutts, Steven S Theriault, Bradley W M Cook
After the largest Ebola virus outbreak in history, experts have attempted to answer how the Zaire ebolavirus species emerged in West Africa and caused chains of human-to-human transmission. The widespread and untimely infection of Health Care Workers (HCW) in the affected countries accelerated spread of the virus within the community. Among the reasons attributed to this trend, it must be considered that HCW were exposed to the virus in their occupational environment. The contribution of environmental conditions to the spread of Ebola in West Africa was examined by investigating the effect of temperature/humidity on the virus's environmental persistence and by modeling if saturation (liquid stress) allows for penetration of Ebola virus through personal protective equipment (PPE)...
June 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659067/dignity-realization-of-patients-with-stroke-in-hospital-care-a-grounded-theory
#5
Sunna Rannikko, Minna Stolt, Riitta Suhonen, Helena Leino-Kilpi
BACKGROUND: Dignity is seen as an important but complex concept in the healthcare context. In this context, the discussion of dignity includes concepts of other ethical principles such as autonomy and privacy. Patients consider dignity to cover individuality, patient's feelings, communication, and the behavior of healthcare personnel. However, there is a lack of knowledge concerning the realization of patients' dignity in hospital care and the focus of the study is therefore on the realization of dignity of the vulnerable group of patients with stroke...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654315/the-development-of-an-anthroposophic-whole-medical-system-healthcare-program-for-patients-with-depressive-disorders
#6
Anne S Ponstein, Christof A Zwart, Marko van Gerven, Erik W Baars
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to develop a whole medical system healthcare program as an alternative for group-oriented guidelines and as a basis for future studies on safety and (cost) effects. Mild to moderately severe depressive disorders were chosen as an illustrative example. DESIGN: Literature surveys, monodisciplinary expert interviews, and multidisciplinary panel discussions were employed to describe the whole medical system, its important elements, and the way the important elements are integrated in daily practice...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646739/contribution-of-pharmaceuticals-and-personal-care-products-ppcps-to-whole-toxicity-of-water-samples-collected-in-effluent-dominated-urban-streams
#7
Ikumi Tamura, Yusuke Yasuda, Kei-Ichiro Kagota, Saori Yoneda, Norihide Nakada, Vimal Kumar, Yutaka Kameda, Kumiko Kimura, Norihisa Tatarazako, Hiroshi Yamamoto
Water samples were collected from effluent-dominated urban streams in Tokushima, Kyoto, and Saitama in Japan to roughly determine the contribution of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) and surfactants to whole toxicity of the water. Approximately 100 PPCPs including anionic surfactants such as linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS), were chemically analyzed. Using 14 water samples, chronic or sub-chronic toxicity tests were conducted on three aquatic species, the green alga Raphidocelis subcapitata, the cladoceran Ceriodaphnia dubia, and the zebrafish Danio rerio...
June 21, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646264/magnitude-and-temporal-trends-in-avoidable-blindness-in-children-abc-in-india
#8
Venkata S Murthy Gudlavalleti
The World Health Organization estimates that 19 million children are visually impaired, among whom, 1.4 million are blind. Childhood blindness is an excellent indicator of the state of child health and primary care services in a country. Childhood blindness is important not just due to the number of children blind but also because the number of years that the surviving child has to live with blindness (blind years lived). Childhood blindness is next only to adult cataract in terms of the number of blind person years lived...
June 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637391/a-study-of-burden-of-care-and-its-correlates-among-family-members-supporting-relatives-and-loved-ones-with-traumatic-spinal-cord-injuries
#9
Carmina Castellano-Tejedor, Pilar Lusilla-Palacios
OBJECTIVE: To understand and describe in a sample of caregivers of persons with spinal cord injury, their burden of care, resilience and life satisfaction and to explore the relationship between these variables. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. SETTING: One Spinal Cord Injury Acute Inpatient Unit from a general hospital. SUBJECTS: Seventy-five relatives of persons with spinal cord injuries (84% women) with a mean age of 48...
July 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635383/rendering-lgbtq-visible-in-nursing-embodying-the-philosophy-of-caring-science
#10
Lisa Goldberg, Neal Rosenburg, Jean Watson
Although health care institutions continue to address the importance of diversity initiatives, the standard(s) for treatment remain historically and institutionally grounded in a sociocultural privileging of heterosexuality. As a result, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ+) communities in health care remain largely invisible. This marked invisibility serves as a call to action, a renaissance of thinking within redefined boundaries and limitations. We must therefore refocus our habits of attention on the wholeness of persons and the diversity of their storied experiences as embodied through contemporary society...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634768/futile-treatment-a-review
#11
Lenko Šarić, Ivana Prkić, Marko Jukić
The main goal of intensive care medicine is helping patients survive acute threats to their lives, while preserving and restoring life quality. Because of medical advancements, it is now possible to sustain life to an extent that would previously have been difficult to imagine. However, the goals of medicine are not to preserve organ function or physiological activity but to treat and improve the health of a person as a whole. When dealing with medical futilities, physicians and other members of the care team should be aware of some ethical principles...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633376/keeping-things-in-balance-family-experiences-of-living-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Nuria Esandi, Mike Nolan, Cristina Alfaro, Ana Canga-Armayor
Background and Objectives: Historically, research, practice, and policy on Alzheimer's family care has been largely focused on dyadic relationships and the experience of burden and stress, often failing to capture the complex caring dynamics as they unfold over time. This study sought to develop a more nuanced understanding of how people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their families are affected by the disease and how they respond to the challenges AD poses. Research Design and Methods: Using constructivist grounded theory, the study explored the experiences of living with AD for native Spanish families residing in Navarra...
June 15, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619092/prevalence-and-patterns-of-use-of-mantra-mindfulness-and-spiritual-meditation-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#13
Adam Burke, Chun Nok Lam, Barbara Stussman, Hui Yang
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing body of scientific literature exploring the nature of meditation there is limited information on the characteristics of individuals who use it. This is particularly true of comparative studies examining prevalence and predictors of use of various forms of meditation. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted using data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (n = 34,525). Three popular forms of meditation were compared-mantra, mindfulness, and spiritual-to determine lifetime and 12-month use related to key sociodemographic, health behavior, health status, and healthcare access variables...
June 15, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615960/personalized-multistep-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-obesity
#14
EDITORIAL
Riccardo Dalle Grave, Massimiliano Sartirana, Marwan El Ghoch, Simona Calugi
Multistep cognitive behavioral therapy for obesity (CBT-OB) is a treatment that may be delivered at three levels of care (outpatient, day hospital, and residential). In a stepped-care approach, CBT-OB associates the traditional procedures of weight-loss lifestyle modification, ie, physical activity and dietary recommendations, with specific cognitive behavioral strategies that have been indicated by recent research to influence weight loss and maintenance by addressing specific cognitive processes. The treatment program as a whole is delivered in six modules...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609217/influence-of-islamic-traditions-on-breastfeeding-beliefs-and-practices-among-african-american-muslims-in-west-philadelphia-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Camilia Kamoun, Diane Spatz
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the influence of religion on breastfeeding in African American communities. In particular, whether Islamic traditions influence breastfeeding beliefs and practices among African American Muslims has not been studied. Research aim: This study sought to gain understanding of breastfeeding attitudes, rates, and education among African American Muslims in West Philadelphia and to examine if engaging Islamic teachings in breastfeeding education can positively influence breastfeeding attitudes...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609000/the-role-of-informatics-in-patient-centered-care-and-personalized-medicine
#16
Matthew G Hanna, Liron Pantanowitz
The practice of cytopathology has dramatically changed due to advances in genomics and information technology. Cytology laboratories have accordingly become increasingly dependent on pathology informatics support to meet the emerging demands of precision medicine. Pathology informatics deals with information technology in the laboratory, and the impact of this technology on workflow processes and staff who interact with these tools. This article covers the critical role that laboratory information systems, electronic medical records, and digital imaging plays in patient-centered personalized medicine...
June 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599594/stress-as-experienced-by-people-with-dementia-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#17
Barbara K Sharp
Health and social care research on stress in dementia has predominantly considered the stress experienced by family and professional carers. Focus on the person with dementia has frequently laid emphasis on the impact of stress-related behaviour on others and how such behaviour might be 'managed'. This paper describes a qualitative study which gives voice to people with dementia on the subject of stress and responds to the need for a better understanding of stress as it is experienced by people with dementia themselves...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594233/own-and-partners-dyadic-coping-and-depressive-symptoms-in-individuals-with-early-stage-dementia-and-their-caregiving-partners
#18
Paul Gellert, Andreas Häusler, Maryam Gholami, Michael Rapp, Adelheid Kuhlmey, Johanna Nordheim
OBJECTIVES: In patients with early-stage dementia and their caregiving partners, reciprocal dyadic coping (DC) is crucial for preventing or reducing depressive symptoms in both partners. This study examines the relationships between 'own DC' and 'perceived partner DC' with depressive symptoms in couples coping with dementia on individual (actor effects) and cross-person (partner effects) levels. METHOD: 164 individuals (82 patients with early-stage dementia and their 82 caregiving partners; ND = 82 dyads) participated in this prospective study with measures (DC, depressive symptoms, and dementia severity) taken at baseline and at six months...
June 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593582/morphological-size-evaluation-of-the-mid-substance-insertion-areas-and-the-fan-like-extension-fibers-in-the-femoral-acl-footprint
#19
Makoto Suruga, Takashi Horaguchi, Takanori Iriuchishima, Yoshiyuki Yahagi, Genki Iwama, Yasuaki Tokuhashi, Shin Aizawa
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the detailed anatomy of the femoral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) insertion site, with special attention given to the morphology of the mid-substance insertion areas and the fan-like extension fibers. METHODS: Twenty-three non-paired human cadaver knees were used (7 Males, 16 Females, median age 83, range 69-96). All soft tissues around the knee were resected except the ligaments. The ACL was divided into antero-medial (AM) and postero-lateral (PL) bundles according to the difference in macroscopic tension patterns...
June 7, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588424/the-use-of-life-stories-and-its-influence-on-persons-with-dementia-their-relatives-and-staff-a-systematic-mixed-studies-review
#20
Vigdis Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Mona Persenius, Carina Bååth, Ann Karin Helgesen
BACKGROUND: Dementia is an important predictor of nursing home admissions. Due to progressive dementia symptoms, over time it becomes difficult for persons with dementia to communicate their wishes and participate in decisions concerning their everyday lives. Their well-being, sense of dignity, integrity and personhood are at risk. The persons' life stories have been highlighted as particularly important in dementia care and are referred to as seeing the person beyond the dementia. The aim of this study was to explore and describe the use of life stories and its influence on persons with dementia living in nursing homes, their relatives and staff...
2017: BMC Nursing
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