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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028243/new-challenges-of-public-health-bringing-the-future-of-personalised-healthcare-into-focus
#1
Walter Ricciardi, Stefania Boccia
The greater personalization of healthcare represents a driver of innovation for research, and for the healthcare systems and industries as a whole. Still policy-makers, healthcare professionals, citizens and private companies need to take some steps to realize the potential for such a radical shift. In this paper, we illustrate the challenges, the benefits and consequences that might accompany the implementation of personalized healthcare, and the steps that policy-makers and practitioners would need to take to realise its potential...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025350/the-patient-with-a-complex-chronic-respiratory-disease-a-specialist-of-his-own-life
#2
Sarah Houben-Wilke, Ingrid Ml Augustin, Birgit Bref Wouters, Rosita Stevens, Daisy J A Janssen, Martijn A Spruit, Lowie Egw Vanfleteren, Frits Me Franssen, Emiel Fm Wouters
The independent and central role of the patient with a complex chronic respiratory disease in targeted, personalized disease management strategies is becoming increasingly important. Patients are the ones living with the disease and are finally responsible for their lives underlining their role as essential members of the interdisciplinary treatment team. Areas covered: The present paper narratively reviews existing research and discusses the special, as well as specialized, role of the patient with a complex chronic respiratory disease in the healthcare system and highlights fundamental elements of the (future) relationship between patient and healthcare professionals...
October 13, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019947/trends-and-comparisons-of-utilization-of-emergency-departments-due-to-traumatic-or-non-traumatic-causes-among-the-hiv-positive-population-in-taiwan-2006-2011
#3
Ching-Heng Lin, Ting Lin, Pesus Chou, Nan-Ping Yang
It is important that the utilization of emergency departments (EDs) among people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) be epidemiologically evaluated in order to assess and improve the HIV care continuum. All participants newly-diagnosed with HIV in Taiwan registered in the National Health Insurance Database from 2000 to 2005 were enrolled in this study and followed-up from 2006 to 2011. In total, 3500 participants newly-diagnosed with HIV in 2000-2005 were selected as a fixed-cohort population and followed-up from 2006 to 2011...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016166/-replicability-and-other-features-of-a-high-quality-science-toward-a-balanced-and-empirical-approach-correction-to-finkel-et-al-2017
#4
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Replicability and other features of a high-quality science: Toward a balanced and empirical approach" by Eli J. Finkel, Paul W. Eastwick and Harry T. Reis (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2017[Aug], Vol 113[2], 244-253). In the commentary, there was an error in the References list. The publishing year for the 18th article was cited incorrectly as 2016. The in-text acronym associated with this citation should read instead as LCL2017. The correct References list citation should read as follows: LeBel, E...
November 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985725/factors-influencing-the-clinical-decision-making-of-midwives-a-qualitative-study
#5
Darie O A Daemers, Evelien B M van Limbeek, Hennie A A Wijnen, Marianne J Nieuwenhuijze, Raymond G de Vries
BACKGROUND: Although midwives make clinical decisions that have an impact on the health and well-being of mothers and babies, little is known about how they make those decisions. Wide variation in intrapartum decisions to refer women to obstetrician-led care suggests that midwives' decisions are based on more than the evidence based medicine (EBM) model - i.e. clinical evidence, midwife's expertise, and woman's values - alone. With this study we aimed to explore the factors that influence clinical decision-making of midwives who work independently...
October 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983519/neuroticism-and-individual-differences-in-neural-function-in-unmedicated-major-depression-findings-from-the-embarc-study
#6
Jay C Fournier, Henry W Chase, Tsafrir Greenberg, Amit Etkin, Jorge R Almeida, Richelle Stiffler, Thilo Deckersbach, Sarah Weyandt, Crystal Cooper, Marisa Toups, Tom Carmody, Benji Kurian, Scott Peltier, Phillip Adams, Melvin G McInnis, Maria A Oquendo, Patrick J McGrath, Maurizio Fava, Myrna Weissman, Ramin Parsey, Madhukar H Trivedi, Mary L Phillips
BACKGROUND: Personality dysfunction represents one of the only predictors of differential response between active treatments for depression to have replicated. In this study, we examine whether depressed patients with higher neuroticism scores, a marker of personality dysfunction, show differences versus depressed patients with lower scores in the functioning of two brain regions associated with treatment response, the anterior cingulate and anterior insula cortices. METHODS: Functional magnetic resonance imaging data during an emotional Stroop task were collected from 135 adults diagnosed with major depressive disorder at four academic medical centers participating in the Establishing Moderators and Biosignatures of Antidepressant Response for Clinical Care (EMBARC) study...
March 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983271/-health-in-the-mirror-an-unconventional-approach-to-unmet-psychological-needs-in-oncology
#7
Valentina E Di Mattei, Letizia Carnelli, Paola Taranto, Martina Bernardi, Chiara Brombin, Federica Cugnata, Angela Noviello, Morag Currin, Giorgia Mangili, Emanuela Rabaiotti, Lucio Sarno, Massimo Candiani
Background: The introduction of aesthetic care programs for cancer patients inside hospitals could help patients cope with the side effects of both disease and treatment. The specific objective of this study is to evaluate whether a complementary and supportive program, called "Health in the Mirror," has a positive effect on participants by analyzing certain psychological variables. Methods: Eighty-eight female cancer patients were included in this analysis. The support program is composed of three group aesthetic interventions that address both physical and psychological aspects that accompany cancer and its treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971702/-we-re-just-not-prepared-for-eating-over-our-whole-life-a-mixed-methods-approach-to-understanding-dietary-behaviors-among-longer-term-cancer-survivors
#8
Ann Carroll Klassen, Katherine Clegg Smith, Michelle Shuster, Kisha I Coa, Laura E Caulfield, Kathy J Helzlsouer, Kimberly S Peairs, Lillie D Shockney, Dara Stoney, Susan Hannum
BACKGROUND: In many countries, there are growing numbers of persons living with a prior diagnosis of cancer, due to the aging population and more successful strategies for treatment. There is also growing evidence of the importance of healthful diet and weight management for survivorship, yet many long-term cancer survivors are not successfully following recommendations. METHODS: We explored this issue in a mixed methods study with 53 adult survivors of 3 cancers (breast, prostate, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma), living in Maryland...
September 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969813/editorial-commentary-postoperative-outcomes-are-we-asking-the-right-questions-shoulder-arthroscopy-patient-quality-of-life-correlates-with-joint-specific-outcome-and-is-predicated-on-patient-expectation
#9
EDITORIAL
Jonas Pogorzelski, Peter J Millett
Patient-reported outcomes are, by definition, subjective, and there is consensus that individual patient expectations have a significant effect on the postoperative outcome after shoulder arthroscopy. Most of the outcomes in orthopaedic surgery are measured either in terms of functional scores assessing only one joint or as disease or condition-specific outcomes. As such, there exists a growing interest developing better tools to measure quality-of-life outcome scores as an assessment of overall patient health and satisfaction...
October 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962611/quality-of-perinatal-care-services-from-the-user-s-perspective-a-dutch-study-applies-the-world-health-organization-s-responsiveness-concept
#10
Jacoba van der Kooy, Erwin Birnie, Nicole B Valentine, Johanna P de Graaf, Semiha Denktas, Eric A P Steegers, Gouke J Bonsel
BACKGROUND: The concept of responsiveness was introduced by the World Health Organization (WHO) to address non-clinical aspects of service quality in an internationally comparable way. Responsiveness is defined as aspects of the way individuals are treated and the environment in which they are treated during health system interactions. The aim of this study is to assess responsiveness outcomes, their importance and factors influencing responsiveness outcomes during the antenatal and delivery phases of perinatal care...
September 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953796/the-magic-of-caressing-the-mind-by-touching-the-body-take-care-of-depression-face-up-to-cancer-a-new-frontier-of-psycho-oncology
#11
Maria Grazia Spurio
BACKGROUND: The new frontier of research in all areas that deal with health and wellness (medicine, psychotherapy, personal care in general) sees the increase of projects in which the individual is center-placed, as a whole, in a holistic view. The mind and the body are inseparable, as in a circularity and recursivity unique for each individual (Spurio, M.G., 2015). The results of the most innovative research would seem to suggest, therefore, that a state of psychological distress or depression, is often related to physiological problems, from physical discomfort in general up to illnesses such as cancer...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945455/an-interview-with-neftali-serrano-psyd-collaborative-family-healthcare-association-s-new-executive-director
#12
Christine N Runyan, Neftali Serrano
The Collaborative Family Healthcare Association (CFHA) is continually evolving along with policies, funding, and models of healthcare in the U.S. With a vision of integrated healthcare for all as the standard of care, the new executive director of CFHA describes his perspective on how we can move closer towards this vision, the remaining barriers, models of integration, and why CFHA is a unique and necessary professional organization for those with a passion for delivering whole-person comprehensive healthcare...
September 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919435/ultrasensitive-and-rapid-immuno-detection-of-human-ige-anti-therapeutic-horse-sera-using-an-electrochemical-immunosensor
#13
Isis C Prado, André L A Souza, David W Provance-Jr, Ricardo J Cassella, Salvatore G De-Simone
Antivenom allergy disease mediated by patient IgE is an important public health care concern. To improve detection of hypersensitive individuals prior to passive antibody therapy, an amperometric immunosensor was developed to detect reactive human IgE. Whole horse IgG3 (hoIgG3) was immobilized onto the surface of carbon or gold screen-printed electrodes through a cross-linking solution of glutaraldehyde on a chitosan film. Sera from persons with a known allergic response to hoIgG3 or non-allergic individuals was applied to the sensor...
September 14, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906484/whole-person-care-hope-for-modern-medicine
#14
Małgorzata Krajnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892554/complementary-and-integrative-health-practices-for-depression
#15
Judy Haefner
The current article reviews selected complementary health approaches for the treatment of depressive symptoms. Complementary and integrative health (CIH) focuses on the whole person with the goal of optimal health-body, mind, and spirit. Patient use of integrative health practices and products is increasing; therefore, providers must understand these practices and products and be able to recommend or advise for or against their use based on research and guidelines. Difficulty with the current limitations of research on CIH practices is discussed, as these studies often may not have the same rigor or scientific weight as conventional treatment research...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874921/functional-medicine-approach-to-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Alice C Richer
Background: The U.S. military has seen dramatic increases in traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) among military personnel due to the nature of modern-day conflicts. Conventional TBI treatment for secondary brain injuries has suboptimal success rates, and patients, families, and healthcare professionals are increasingly turning to alternative medicine treatments. Objective: Effective treatments for the secondary injury cascades that occur after an initial brain trauma are unclear at this time. The goal of successful treatment options for secondary TBI injuries is to reduce oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, and inflammation while supporting mitochondrial functions and repair of membranes, synapses, and axons...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873014/impact-of-preanalytical-variations-in-blood-derived-biospecimens-on-omics-studies-toward-precision-biobanking
#17
Jae-Eun Lee, Young-Youl Kim
Research data and outcomes do vary across populations and persons, but this is not always due to experimental or true biological variation. Preanalytical components of experiments, be they biospecimen acquisition, preparation, storage, or transportation to the laboratory, may all contribute to apparent variability in research data, outcomes, and interpretation. The present review article and biobanking innovation analysis offer new insights with a summary of such preanalytical variables, for example, the type of blood collection tube, centrifugation conditions, long-term sample storage temperature, and duration, on output of omics analyses of blood-derived biospecimens: whole blood, serum, plasma, buffy coat, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells...
September 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870871/clinical-genomic-sequencing-as-a-routine-technology-for-case-finding-and-diagnosis-in-unselected-patient-populations-should-not-proceed-without-formal-comparative-evaluation-of-health-outcomes-and-system-impacts
#18
Brenda J Wilson, Fiona Alice Miller, François Rousseau
Next generation genomic sequencing (NGS) technologies - whole genome and whole exome sequencing - are now cheap enough to be within the grasp of many healthcare organizations. To many, NGS is symbolic of cutting edge healthcare, offering the promise of 'precision' and 'personalized' medicine. Historically, research and clinical application has been a two way street in clinical genetics: research often driven directly by the desire to understand and try to solve immediate clinical problems affecting real, identifiable patients and families, accompanied by a low threshold of willingness to apply research-driven interventions without resort to formal empirical evaluations...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860432/-maggie-s-tokyo-s-human-support-the-meaning-of-where-now-and-cancer-journey
#19
Yoshie Takada
The landscape architect Maggie Jencks felt that she wanted a place to "get herself back" when her breast cancer recurred and was told that she only had a few months remaining. Mr. Charles Jencks, her husband who fulfilled her wishes, opened the first "Maggie's Cancer Caring Centre" in Edinburgh in 1996. Masako Akiyama, the chief of Maggie's Tokyo found out about Maggie's Centre when she listened to a presentation from Andrew Anderson, the director of Maggie's Edinburgh, at an International Nursing Seminar in 2008...
August 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856579/readability-of-informed-consent-forms-for-whole-exome-and-whole-genome-sequencing
#20
Emilia Niemiec, Danya F Vears, Pascal Borry, Heidi Carmen Howard
Whole-exome and whole-genome sequencing (WES, WGS) can generate an unprecedented amount of complex information, making the informed consent (IC) process challenging. The aim of our study was to assess the readability of English IC forms for clinical whole-exome and whole-genome sequencing using the SMOG and Flesch-Kincaid formulas. We analysed 36 forms, most of which were from US providers. The median readability grade levels were 14.75 (the SMOG formula) and 12.2 (the Flesch-Kincaid formula); these values indicate the years of education after which a person would be able to understand a text studied...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
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