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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944979/dosimetric-validation-of-monaco-treatment-planning-system-on-an-elekta-versahd-linear-accelerator
#1
Ganesh Narayanasamy, Daniel L Saenz, Dewayne Defoor, Niko Papanikolaou, Sotirios Stathakis
The purpose of this study is to perform dosimetric validation of Monaco treatment planning system version 5.1. The Elekta VersaHD linear accelerator with high dose rate flattening filter-free photon modes and electron energies was used in this study. The dosimetric output of the new Agility head combined with the FFF photon modes warranted this investigation into the dosimetric accuracy prior to clinical usage. A model of the VersaHD linac was created in Monaco TPS by Elekta using commissioned beam data including percent depth dose curves, beam profiles, and output factors...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942749/improving-nutrition-sensitivity-of-social-protection-programmes-in-ghana
#2
Amos K Laar, Richmond N O Aryeetey, Mary Mpereh, Francis B Zotor
Social protection (SP) has been demonstrated as an effective tool against poverty and severe hunger. In Ghana, SP interventions have been employed to address vulnerability to poverty since 1965. Nevertheless, its potential for enhancing nutrition has hardly been explored. To harness the cross-sectoral benefits of scaling up nutrition-sensitive actions in Ghana, the national development planning commission requested an assessment of nutrition linkages across existing SP policies and programmes. The present paper presents gaps and opportunities for improving nutrition-sensitivity of existing SP programming in Ghana...
September 25, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942277/the-role-of-bioassays-in-the-evaluation-of-ecotoxicological-aspects-within-the-pef-oef-protocols-the-case-of-wwtps
#3
Roberta Pedrazzani, Irma Cavallotti, Edoardo Bollati, Marta Ferreri, Giorgio Bertanza
The suitability evaluation of any industrial process should rely on economic, technical, social and, in particular, environmental aspects. The Commission Recommendation 2013/179/UE enables the improvement and the harmonization of the conventional evaluation of environmental footprints, such as LCA (Life Cycle Assessment), Carbon and Water Footprint, by suggesting the assessment of life cycle environmental performance of products and organisations (PEF, OEF). Novelty aspects reside in including new impact categories (namely, human toxicity cancer effects, human toxicity not-cancer effects and eco-toxicity)...
September 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941978/barriers-to-accessing-abortion-services-and-perspectives-on-using-mifepristone-and-misoprostol-at-home-in-great-britain
#4
Abigail R A Aiken, Katherine A Guthrie, Marlies Schellekens, James Trussell, Rebecca Gomperts
OBJECTIVE: To examine reasons for seeking abortion services outside the formal healthcare system in Great Britain, where abortion is legally available. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a mixed-methods study among women resident in England, Scotland, and Wales who requested at-home medication abortion through online telemedicine initiative Women on Web (WoW) between November 22nd 2016 and March 22nd 2017. We examined the demographics and circumstances of all women requesting early medication abortion and conducted a content analysis of a sample of their anonymized emails to the service to explore their reasons for seeking help...
September 18, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941404/development-of-a-simple-multi-residue-determination-method-of-80-veterinary-drugs-in-oplegnathus-punctatus-by-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-quadrupole-orbitrap-mass-spectrometry
#5
Fei Zhao, Xin Gao, Zhixu Tang, Xin Luo, Miaomiao Wu, Jiachao Xu, Xiaoting Fu
A simple, rapid and sensitive multi-residue analytical method was developed and validated for 80 veterinary drugs in Oplegnathus punctatus using ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-Orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS). The analytes belong to 12 different families include benzimidazoles, β-lactams, lincosamides, macrolides, nitromidazoles, quinolones, sulfonamides and trimethoprim, tetracyclines, triphenylmethane dyes, amphenicols, nonsteroidal estrogens and steroid hormones. The sample preparation was optimized base on QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe) procedure...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939729/offenders-with-substance-abuse-who-receive-mandatory-psychiatric-treatment
#6
Pei-Chuan Wu, Yu-Ching Chou, Hui-Wen Yeh, San-Yuan Huang, Li-Hsiang Cheng, Yu-Chen Kao, Hsin-An Chang, Nian-Sheng Tzeng
We examined the mandatory treatment referral rates before and after Taiwan's Penal Code revision of 2006 and factors associated with the mandatory treatment in Taiwan of criminals who engage in substance abuse. The 3,467 offenders who underwent forensic psychiatric assessments, based on Taiwan's court sentence dataset, included 3,163 offenders with substance-abuse-related crimes, but only 412 (13%) received mandatory treatment. There were no changes in mandatory treatment referral rates before and after the revision...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939068/appraisal-of-the-ajcc-8th-edition-pathologic-staging-modifications-for-hpv-positive-oropharyngeal-cancer-a-study-of-the-national-cancer-data-base
#7
Kevin Y Zhan, Antoine Eskander, Stephen Y Kang, Matthew O Old, Enver Ozer, Amit A Agrawal, Ricardo L Carrau, James W Rocco, Theodoros N Teknos
BACKGROUND: The American Joint Commission on Cancer (AJCC) recently created new staging for human papillomavirus associated oropharyngeal cancer (HPV+ OPSCC) for its 8th edition. These proposals have not yet been validated in a national registry. METHODS: Review of National Cancer Database (NCDB) for surgically-treated HPV+ OPSCC for years 2010-2014 to validate the new staging system using the Kaplan Meier method to explore survival outcomes. RESULTS: 3745 cases were analyzed...
October 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938214/dermal-transfer-and-environmental-release-of-ceo2-nanoparticles-used-as-uv-inhibitors-on-outdoor-surfaces-implications-for-human-and-environmental-health
#8
Justin G Clar, William E Platten, Eric J Baumann, Andrew Remsen, Steve M Harmon, Christina L Bennett-Stamper, Treye A Thomas, Todd P Luxton
A major area of growth for "nano-enabled" consumer products have been surface coatings, including paints stains and sealants. Ceria (CeO2) nanoparticles (NPs) are of interest as they have been used as additives in these these products to increase UV resistance. Currently, there is a lack of detailed information on the potential release, and speciation (i.e., ion vs. particle) of CeO2 NPs used in consumer-available surface coatings during intended use scenarios. In this study, both Micronized-Copper Azole pressure-treated lumber (MCA), and a commercially available composite decking were coated with CeO2 NPs dispersed in Milli-Q water or wood stain...
September 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935433/intersectorality-and-social-participation-as-coping-policies-for-health-inequities-worldwide
#9
Regina Celia Fiorati, Ricardo A Arcêncio, Javier Segura Del Pozo, Milagros Ramasco-Gutiérrez, Pilar Serrano-Gallardo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact that intersectoral policies and social participation, implemented worldwide, have had on the modification of the social determinants for health and on the reduction of social health inequities. METHOD: A scoping review of the literature published in the period 2005-2015 was performed. The literature search was conducted on PubMed and Scielo databases. Two researchers reviewed each document. Data were analysed according to the intersectoral action and social participation variables and according to the theoretical frameworks of the Social Determinants Model of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH) and the theoretical constructs of Social Capital (SC) and Life Course (LC)...
September 18, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934095/lifelong-residential-exposure-to-green-space-and-attention-a-population-based-prospective-study
#10
Payam Dadvand, Christina Tischer, Marisa Estarlich, Sabrina Llop, Albert Dalmau-Bueno, Monica López-Vicente, Antònia Valentín, Carmen de Keijzer, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Nerea Lertxundi, Cristina Rodriguez-Dehli, Mireia Gascon, Monica Guxens, Daniela Zugna, Xavier Basagaña, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Jesus Ibarluzea, Ferran Ballester, Jordi Sunyer
BACKGROUND: Natural environments, including green spaces, may have beneficial impacts on brain development. However, longitudinal evidence of an association between long-term exposure to green spaces and cognitive development (including attention) in children is limited. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the association between lifelong residential exposure to green space and attention during preschool and early primary school years. METHODS: This longitudinal study was based on data from two well-established population-based birth cohorts in Spain...
September 18, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933743/european-policies-to-promote-children-s-rights-and-combat-child-poverty
#11
Mona Sandbæk
The upbringing of children relies heavily on shared responsibilities between parents and society. The Council of Europe Recommendation (2006) 19 on Policy to Support Positive Parenting and the European Commission Recommendation (2013) Investing in Children: Breaking the Cycle of Disadvantage, both aim at supporting parents to care and provide for their children in accordance with the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. By means of a document analysis this article examines what kind of parental practices and provision to parents the recommendations suggest to safeguard children's rights in the family...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933343/the-european-medical-corps-first-public-health-team-mission-and-future-perspectives
#12
Joana M Haussig, Ettore Severi, Jonathan Hj Baum, Veerle Vanlerberghe, Amparo Laiseca, Laurent Defrance, Cristina Brailescu, Denis Coulombier, Josep Jansa
The 2013-2016 Ebola epidemic in West Africa challenged traditional international mechanisms for public health team mobilisation to control outbreaks. Consequently, in February 2016, the European Union (EU) launched the European Medical Corps (EMC), a mechanism developed in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) to rapidly deploy teams and equipment in response to public health emergencies inside and outside the EU. Public Health Teams (PHTs), a component of the EMC, consist of experts in communicable disease prevention and control from participating countries and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), to support affected countries and WHO in risk assessment and outbreak response...
September 14, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933257/nurses-performance-in-clinical-ethics-committees-and-commissions-an-integrative-review
#13
Gabriela Menezes Gonçalves de Brito, Darci de Oliveira Santa Rosa
BACKGROUND: The research on nursing professionals in Clinical Ethics Committees and Nursing Ethics Commissions occurs in different parts of the world; however, little information on this subject is found in the literature. OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed national and international publications in relation to the participation of nursing professionals in Clinical Ethics Committees. RESEARCH DESIGN: This was an integrative review of articles published in national and international journals between 1994 and 2016 which described the participation of nursing professionals in ethics commissions...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933002/mepolizumab-for-treating-severe-eosinophilic-asthma-an-evidence-review-group-perspective-of-a-nice-single-technology-appraisal
#14
REVIEW
Iñigo Bermejo, Matt Stevenson, Katy Cooper, Sue Harnan, Jean Hamilton, Mark Clowes, Christopher Carroll, Tim Harrison, Shironjit Saha
As part of its single technology appraisal (STA) process, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited the company (GlaxoSmithKline) that manufactures mepolizumab (Nucala(®)) to submit evidence on the clinical and cost effectiveness of mepolizumab for the treatment of severe eosinophilic asthma. The School of Health and Related Research Technology Appraisal Group (ScHARR-TAG) at the University of Sheffield was commissioned to act as the independent evidence review group (ERG). The ERG produced a review of the evidence for the clinical and cost effectiveness of mepolizumab as add-on to standard of care (SoC) compared with SoC and omalizumab, based upon the company's submission to NICE...
September 20, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932174/internet-based-computer-technology-on-radiotherapy
#15
REVIEW
James C L Chow
Recent rapid development of Internet-based computer technologies has made possible many novel applications in radiation dose delivery. However, translational speed of applying these new technologies in radiotherapy could hardly catch up due to the complex commissioning process and quality assurance protocol. Implementing novel Internet-based technology in radiotherapy requires corresponding design of algorithm and infrastructure of the application, set up of related clinical policies, purchase and development of software and hardware, computer programming and debugging, and national to international collaboration...
November 2017: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932142/color-stability-and-marginal-integrity-of-interim-crowns-an-in-vitro-study
#16
Marwa I Elagra, Mohammad R Rayyan, Maisam M Alhomaidhi, Areej A Alanaziy, Mona O Alnefaie
OBJECTIVE: Many commercial dental materials are used to fabricate interim restorations. This study aimed to compare the color stability and the marginal integrity of four different interim crown materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An ivorine right maxillary central incisor was prepared for a full coverage all-ceramic restoration. A total of 36 specimens in the form of crowns were fabricated on the master die using four different materials (n = 9); Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) resin (TrimPLUS), PMMA computer-aided design, and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) blocks (Ceramill TEMP), cold cure bis-acryl resin (Success CD), and bis-acryl resin dual-cure composite (TempSpan)...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931181/-refractive-lens-exchange
#17
Fritz H Hengerer, Ina Conrad-Hengerer
In refractive surgery the removal of the natural lens followed by implantation of an artificial intraocular lens has been an established method to treat refractive errors. The term "clear lens exchange" separates this approach from cataract surgery, where a cloudy lens has to be removed. With regard to currently available intraocular lens technologies, there is a wide range to correct myopia, hyperopia as well as astigmatism. Trifocal or extended depth-of-focus lenses (EDOF) even with a toric component offer the patients a potential benefit to further address presbyopia, respectively...
September 20, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931151/global-trends-in-center-accreditation-by-the-joint-commission-international-growing-patient-implications-for-international-medical-and-surgical-care
#18
Ambar Mehta, Seth D Goldstein, Martin A Makary
Millions of patients travel internationally for medical and surgical care. We found that the annual number of centers accredited by the Joint Commission International increased from one center in 1999 to 132 centers in 2016; there are currently 939 accredited centers across 66 countries. Public health and medicolegal implications related to medical travel deserve attention.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929885/first-nations-inuit-and-m%C3%A3-tis-health-considerations-for-canadian-health-leaders-in-the-wake-of-the-truth-and-reconciliation-commission-of-canada-report
#19
Mary McNally, Debbie Martin
First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples living in Canada face profound health disparities relative to non-Indigenous Canadians on almost every measure of health and well-being. Advancing health opportunities for Indigenous peoples require responses at all levels of healthcare delivery and policy. Therefore, it is critical for health leaders and providers within Canada's healthcare institutions, systems, and settings to understand and address the determinants of health unique to Indigenous peoples, including the legacy of colonialism and both long-standing and present-day racism...
March 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929884/la-sant%C3%A3-des-premi%C3%A3-res-nations-des-inuits-et-des-m%C3%A3-tis-les-facteurs-que-doivent-envisager-les-leaders-en-sant%C3%A3-canadiens-dans-la-foul%C3%A3-e-du-rapport-de-la-commission-de-v%C3%A3-rit%C3%A3-et-r%C3%A3-conciliation-du-canada
#20
Mary McNally, Debbie Martin
Les peuples des Premières nations, inuits et métis qui habitent au Canada sont aux prises avec de profondes disparités en matière de santé par rapport aux Canadiens non autochtones, et ce, dans presque toutes les mesures liées à la santé et au bien-être. Pour faire progresser les services de santé auprès des peuples autochtones, il faut passer à l'action dans tous les ordres de prestation des soins et des politiques en santé. Il est donc essentiel que les leaders et les prestataires des établissements, des systèmes et des installations de santé du Canada comprennent et prennent en main les déterminants de la santé propres aux peuples autochtones, y compris l'héritage du colonialisme et le racisme ancien et actuel...
March 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
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