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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304143/anal-function-after-endoluminal-loco-regional-resection-by-transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-and-radiotherapy-for-rectal-cancer
#1
Ivano Biviano, Andrea Balla, Danilo Badiali, Silvia Quaresima, Giancarlo D'Ambrosio, Emanuele Lezoche, Enrico Corazziari, Alessandro M Paganini
AIM: In patients with rectal cancer, surgery and chemo-radiotherapy may affect the anal sphincter function. Few studies evaluated the ano-rectal function after neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy (n-CRT) and/or Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery (TEM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of n-CRT and TEM on ano-rectal function. METHOD: Thirty-seven patients with rectal cancer underwent ano-rectal manometry and Wexner score for faecal incontinence at baseline, after n-CRT (cT2-T3N0 cancer) and at 4 and 12 months after surgery...
March 17, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289660/transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-for-patients-with-rectal-tumors-a-single-institution-s-experience
#2
Audrius Dulskas, Alfredas Kilius, Kestutis Petrulis, Narimantas E Samalavicius
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to look at our complication rates and recurrence rates, as well as the need for further radical surgery, in treating patients with benign and early malignant rectal tumors by using transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM). METHODS: Our study included 130 patients who had undergone TEM for rectal adenomas and early rectal cancer from December 2009 to December 2015 at the Department of Surgical Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Lithuania...
February 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289656/transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery
#3
EDITORIAL
Byung Chun Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283986/continuous-transanal-decompression-for-infants-with-long-and-total-type-hirschsprung-s-diseases-as-a-bridge-to-curative-surgery-a-single-center-experience
#4
Kyoko Mochizuki, Masato Shinkai, Norihiko Kitagawa, Hiroshi Take, Hidehito Usui, Takashi Hosokawa, Kaori Yamoto
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to assess the usefulness of continuous bowel decompression using an indwelling transanal tube (ITT) for preoperative management in infants with long-segment (L)- or total (T)-type Hirschsprung's disease (HD). CASE PRESENTATION: Between 2012 and 2015, seven patients with L- or T-type HD underwent preoperative bowel management by continuous bowel decompression using an ITT during waiting period for curative surgery. Continuous bowel decompression was done using an ITT, a 10-12F flexible dual lumen tube placed through the rectum up to the dilated colon under fluoroscopic guidance and secured to the bilateral buttocks...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281474/combined-laparoscopic-and-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-for-rectal-cancer-initial-experience-and-early-results
#5
Morten Holt Thomsen, Henrik Ovesen, Jens Ravn Eriksen
INTRODUCTION: Incomplete specimens resulting in residual mesorectum in the patient and an increased risk of local recurrence remains a problem. We have introduced transanal-total mesorectal excision (Ta-TME) in our department to potentially overcome this problem due to more direct access to the lower pelvis in patients undergoing TME for rectal cancer and this article presents our initial experience with the new procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a T1-T3 mid or low rectal cancer eligible for TME or intersphincteric abdominoperineal excision were selected for a combined transanal and transabdominal laparoscopic resection...
April 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280982/risk-factors-for-anastomotic-leakage-after-laparoscopic-surgery-with-the-double-stapling-technique-for-stage-0-i-rectal-carcinoma-a-subgroup-analysis-of-a-multicenter-single-arm-phase-ii-trial
#6
Keitaro Tanaka, Junji Okuda, Seiichiro Yamamoto, Masaaki Ito, Kazuhiro Sakamoto, Yukihito Kokuba, Kenichi Yoshimura, Masahiko Watanabe
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic rectal surgery. METHODS: We conducted a prospective trial involving 395 patients with stage 0/I rectal carcinoma who underwent laparoscopic low anterior resection using a double stapling technique. Data concerning variables related to patient background, tumors and surgical factors were evaluated. The outcomes with respect to anastomotic leakage were recorded, and univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify relevant risk factors...
March 9, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273604/mucocele-complicating-stapled-hemorrhoidopexy
#7
Asia Grapsi, Alessandro Sturiale, Bernardina Fabiani, Gabriele Naldini
INTRODUCTION: Stapled hemorrhoidopexy is a safe and effective treatment for circumferential hemorrhoidal prolapse. The overall rate of complications ranges from 12,7% to 36,4% and the surgeon should be aware about their early identification and adequate treatment. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Female patient, 57 years was treated with stapled hemorrhoidopexy. Two years after surgery she reported to our center the occurrence of perineal discomfort, anal spasm and tenesmus...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272213/transanal-pullthrough-soave-and-swenson-techniques-for-pediatric-patients-with-hirschsprung-disease
#8
Xu Bing, Chuancheng Sun, Zhongrong Wang, Yilin Su, Hua Sun, Liang Wang, Xiyang Yu
Both the Swenson and the Soave procedures have been adapted as transanal approaches. Our purpose is to compare the outcomes and complications between transanal Swenson and Soave procedures.This clinical analysis involved a retrospective series of 148 pediatric patients with HD from Dec, 2001, to Dec, 2015. Perioperative/operative characteristics, postoperative complications, and outcomes between the 2 groups were analyzed. Students' t-test and chi-squared analysis were performed.In total 148 patients (Soave 69, Swenson 79) were included in our study...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266974/perineal-transanal-approach-for-laparoscopic-sphincter-saving-resection-in-low-rectal-cancer
#9
Haiyang Zhou, Canping Ruan, Zhiqian Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265766/combined-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-tatme-with-laparoscopic-instruments-and-abdominal-robotic-surgery-in-rectal-cancer
#10
R Bravo, J-S Trépanier, M C Arroyave, M Fernández-Hevia, A Pigazzi, A M Lacy
Laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer can be technically challenging. We describe a hybrid technique combining abdominal robotic dissection and transanal total mesorectal excision. This procedure was performed in a 50-year-old man with rectal adenocarcinoma at 5 cm from the dentate lane. Preoperative staging was T2N0M0. Surgery went well without complications, and estimated blood loss was less than 50 mL. Robotic surgical time was 90 min, and total operative time was 160 min. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 3...
March 6, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259693/transanal-opening-of-intersphincteric-space-tropis-a-new-procedure-to-treat-high-complex-anal-fistula
#11
Pankaj Garg
BACKGROUND: The sepsis in intersphincteric space has important role in pathogenesis of most complex fistula-in-ano. This sepsis is like a small abscess in a closed space. This closed space needs to be drained adequately and then kept open for the fistula-in-ano to heal properly. The aim was to lay open and drain the intersphincteric space through internal opening via transanal approach. This has been tried in submucosal and intersphincteric rectal abscesses but has never been tried in complex fistula-in-ano...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252517/transanal-minimally-invasive-surgery-for-local-excision-of-benign-and-malignant-rectal-neoplasia-outcomes-from-200-consecutive-cases-with-midterm-follow-up
#12
Lawrence Lee, John P Burke, Teresa deBeche-Adams, George Nassif, Beatriz Martin-Perez, John R T Monson, Matthew R Albert, Sam B Atallah
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the outcomes for 200 consecutive transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) local excision (LE) for rectal neoplasia. BACKGROUND: TAMIS is an advanced transanal platform that can result in high quality LE of rectal neoplasia. METHODS: Consecutive patients from July 1, 2009 to December 31, 2015 from a prospective institutional registry were analyzed. Indication for TAMIS LE was endoscopically unresectable benign lesions or histologically favorable early rectal cancers...
March 1, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251355/long-term-results-of-transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-after-endoscopic-polypectomy-of-malignant-rectal-adenoma
#13
T Junginger, U Goenner, M Hitzler, T T Trinh, A Heintz, M Blettner, D Wollschlaeger
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the treatment and prognosis of malignant rectal polyps. The aim of the present study was to determine the role of transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) after endoscopic complete polypectomy of malignant rectal adenomas with long-term follow-up. METHODS: Of 105 patients with pT1 rectal carcinoma in 32 patients TEM followed complete endoscopic polypectomy while 73 had primary TEM. Local recurrence (LR), distant metastasis, overall and cancer-specific survival were determined by the Kaplan-Meier method...
March 1, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247085/morphology-of-the-region-anterior-to-the-anal-canal-in-males-visualization-of-the-anterior-bundle-of-the-longitudinal-muscle-by-transanal-ultrasonography
#14
Yasuo Nakajima, Satoru Muro, Hisayo Nasu, Masayo Harada, Kumiko Yamaguchi, Keiichi Akita
PURPOSE: The anterior bundle of the longitudinal muscle in the region anterior to the anal canal in males has been described, although the anatomical details remain unclear. The present study was undertaken to clarify the precise morphology of the anterior bundle of the longitudinal muscle and its relationship to the surrounding structures, and to visualize the anterior bundle of the longitudinal muscle via transanal ultrasonography. METHODS: Histological examination was carried out using seven male cadavers; an additional three male cadavers were used for transanal ultrasonography, and the ultrasonography images were compared with the actual sagittal sections...
February 28, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242026/surgical-approach-for-fecal-incontinence-with-a-patulous-anus-after-transanal-pull-through-for-hirschsprung-disease
#15
Yoshitomo Yasui, Syoichi Nishida, Tsubasa Shironomae, Miwa Satomi, Tsuyoshi Kuwahara, Miyuki Kohno
BACKGROUND: We have performed transanal pull-through (TAPT) for Hirschsprung disease since 1998. Some of our patients after TAPT showed a patulous anus and suffered from severe true fecal incontinence. We performed anal canal plasty for these patients and evaluated its efficacy in restoring anorectal function. METHODS: Thirty-one patients who were ≥5years old were previously operated on for Hirschsprung disease, and seven (22.5%) of these were indicated for this procedure...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241369/transanal-evisceration-of-the-small-bowel-report-of-a-case
#16
Dimitrios Prassas, Dirk Stunneck, Thomas-Marten Rolfs, Franz-Josef Schumacher
Transanal intestinal evisceration is an extremely rare pathologic condition. Its presentation is quite dramatic as it involves the small bowel eviscerating through a rectal wall defect intraluminally and exiting transanally. We present the case of a 91-year-old female with history of rectal bleeding due to local ischemia of the anterior rectal wall, who presented to us with intestinal loops extruding through the anus. The patient underwent prompt surgical intervention with segmental small bowel resection, resection of the rectum, and construction of an end colostomy, with a smooth postoperative recovery...
March 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206939/the-ferguson-operating-anoscope-for-resection-of-t1-rectal-cancer
#17
Kristin C Turza, Thomas Brien, Steven Porbunderwala, Christopher M Bell, Shauna Lorenzo-Rivero, Richard A Moore, Eric C Nelson, J Daniel Stanley
The Ferguson Operating Anoscope (FOA) is a surgical instrument, which can facilitate transanal excision of appropriate rectal tumors within 15 cm of the anal verge. Previous work showed low recurrence (4.3%) for favorable T1 tumors (no lymphovascular invasion, well/moderate differentiation, negative margins). This follow-up study evaluates outcomes in rectal cancer excised with FOA at a tertiary care center. T1 rectal cancer patients were identified in a prospectively maintained database. Tumor pathology and patient characteristics were reviewed...
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185631/single-stage-transanal-endorectal-pull-through-procedure-for-correction-of-hirschsprung-disease-in-neonates-and-nonneonates-a-multicenter-study
#18
Changgui Lu, Guangjun Hou, Chunyi Liu, Qiming Geng, Xiaoqun Xu, Jie Zhang, Huan Chen, Weibing Tang
PURPOSE: The outcomes of single-stage transanal endorectal pull-through (SSTEPT) for Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) in young patients are favorable; however, reports have shown that diagnosis and surgery at young ages increase the risk for postoperative enterocolitis and slows postoperative recovery. The present study was primarily designed to evaluate the outcomes of SSTEPT in a multi-institutional cohort of neonates and nonneonates with HSCR. METHODS: Between August 2005 and May 2012, a total of 650 children with HSCR were divided into the following two groups: group A (neonatal group, operative age<28days [n=186]); and group B (nonneonatal group, operative age>28days [n=464])...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177987/quality-of-life-and-functional-outcome-after-transanal-abdominal-transanal-proctectomy-for-low-rectal-cancer
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
John H Marks, Jean F Salem, Elsa B Valsdottir, Shadi S Yarandi, Gerald J Marks
BACKGROUND: Transanal abdominal transanal proctectomy is a sphincter-preserving procedure designed to avoid colostomy in patients with cancer in the distal third of the rectum. Oncologic outcomes of this procedure have been established. However, data regarding patient satisfaction and quality of life are scant. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of life and functional outcomes of patients after transanal abdominal transanal proctectomy...
March 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169931/bowel-function-and-quality-of-life-after-transanal-endorectal-pull-through-for-hirschsprung-disease-controlled-outcomes-up-to-adulthood
#20
Malla I Neuvonen, Kristiina Kyrklund, Risto J Rintala, Mikko P Pakarinen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to define controlled outcomes up to adulthood for bowel function and quality of life (QoL) after transanal endorectal pull-through (TEPT) for Hirschsprung disease (HD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although TEPT is the surgical standard for HD, controlled long-term follow-up studies evaluating bowel function and QoL are lacking. METHODS: Patients aged ≥4 years operated for HD with TEPT between 1987 and 2011 answered detailed questionnaires on bowel function and QoL [Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL, age <18 yrs) or Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) and SF-36]...
March 2017: Annals of Surgery
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