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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742989/agricultural-leaders-influence-on-the-safety-culture-of-workers
#1
Frank A Gasperini
Most US farmers are small, independent owner-operators, many of whom are exempt from safety regulation and enforcement, as well as age restrictions relative to family members performing hazardous tasks. These smaller farms account for a disproportionate share of the total fatality and injury statistics from farming incidents, contributing to an agriculture-industry death rate that is seven times greater than all occupations combined. In contrast, large agricultural enterprises that employ larger numbers of non-family workers are more regulated and more highly incentivized by economic, supply chain, and societal factors to implement cultures of safety, and are more readily influenced by agricultural opinion leaders, agribusinesses, farm organizations, and agricultural media...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742437/health-and-safety-adoption-from-use-of-a-risk-assessment-document-on-irish-farms
#2
John McNamara, Patrick Griffin, James Kinsella, James Phelan
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes levels of implementation of occupational health and safety (OHS) controls on a sample of Irish farms following completion of a risk assessment document (RAD) made available as part of a statutory code of practice (COP) for the agriculture sector. The paper describes the legislation mandating the COP and the operation of a prevention initiative (PI) among key stakeholders to develop and promote farmer use of the COP and RAD. METHODS: RADs were collected for farmers (n = 475) and the number and type of OHS controls listed for action were tabulated...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737932/ins-and-outs-in-environmental-and-occupational-safety-studies-of-asthma-and-engineered-nanomaterials
#3
Marina A Dobrovolskaia, Michael R Shurin, Valerian E Kagan, Anna A Shvedova
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 25 million Americans suffer from asthma. The disease total annual cost is about $56 billion and includes both the direct and indirect costs of medications, hospital stays, missed work, and decreased productivity. Air pollution with xenobiotics, bacterial agents, and industrial nanomaterials, such as carbon nanotubes, contribute to the exacerbation of this condition and are a point of particular attention in environmental toxicology as well as in occupational health and safety research...
July 24, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732740/exposure-survey-of-trends-in-occupational-practice-expo-s-t-o-p-2015-a-national-survey-of-sharps-injuries-and-mucocutaneous-blood-exposures-among-health-care-workers-in-us-hospitals
#4
T Grimmond, L Good
BACKGROUND: National blood exposure (BE) surveys are valuable to health care facilities striving to reduce percutaneous sharps injuries (SIs) or mucocutaneous (MC) exposures among their health care workers (HCWs). In the Exposure Survey of Trends in Occupational Practice (EXPO-S.T.O.P.) 2015 we surveyed hospital BE incidence among members of the Association of Occupational Health Professionals in Healthcare. METHODS: A 23-item electronic survey requested 2015 data on total SI and MC; SI in nurses, doctors, and surgery; staffed beds; teaching status; full time equivalent staff (FTE), nurse FTE, average daily census (ADC), and adjusted patient days (APD)...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720614/effect-of-occupational-safety-and-health-education-received-during-schooling-on-the-incidence-of-workplace-injuries-in-the-first-2-years-of-occupational-life-a-prospective-study
#5
Stephanie Boini, Regis Colin, Michel Grzebyk
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the effect of occupational safety and health (OSH) education during formal schooling on the incidence of workplace injuries (WIs) in young people starting their careers. We hypothesised that young people who had received OSH education during their schooling would have fewer WIs than those who received no OSH education. Secondary objectives focused on the effect of 'first aid at work' training during schooling and the conditions encountered on arrival in the company (occupational hazard information, safety training and job task training) on WI occurrence...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715759/do-pcdd-pcdf-standard-solutions-used-in-dioxin-analysis-pose-a-risk-as-potentially-acutely-toxic-to-lab-personnel
#6
REVIEW
Rainer Malisch, Michael S Denison, Heidelore Fiedler, Peter Fürst, Ron L A P Hoogenboom, Alexander Schaechtele, Dieter Schrenk, Martin van den Berg
Laboratory safety requires protecting personnel from chemical exposures. Working with stock solutions of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDFs) in routine analysis of feed and food with bioanalytical or physicochemical methods raises some concerns. Since PCDD/PCDFs are considered as possibly acutely toxic, the potential risks were evaluated to determine whether supervision of their use is necessary. Based on LD50-data for oral or dermal intake, hazard classification of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) as a substance (category 1) and in commercially available TCDD standard solutions (category 4) is different...
July 5, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715054/sustainability-of-prevention-practices-at-the-workplace-safety-simplification-productivity-and-effectiveness
#7
A Messineo, M S Cattaruzza, C Prestigiacomo, F Giordano, L T Marsella
Traditional full-time employment has evolved into various types of occupational situations, and, nowadays, new work organization strategies have been developed. Previously overlooked risk factors have emerged, such as traffic accidents while commuting or during work hours, poor work organization, and detrimental lifestyles (like alcohol and substance abuse, although recent statistics seem to show a declining trend for the latter). The global scenario shows greater attention to occupational risks, but also, to the reduced degree of protection...
September 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711304/comparing-reach-chemical-safety-assessment-information-with-practice-a-case-study-of-polymethylmethacrylate-pmma-in-floor-coating-in-the-netherlands
#8
Ton Spee, Daan Huizer
On June 1st, 2007 the European regulation on Registration, Evaluation and Restriction of Chemical substances (REACH) came into force. Aim of the regulation is safe use of chemicals for humans and for the environment. The core element of REACH is chemical safety assessment of chemicals and communication of health and safety hazards and risk management measures throughout the supply chain. Extended Safety Data Sheets (Ext-SDS) are the primary carriers of health and safety information. The aim of our project was to find out whether the actual exposure to methyl methacrylate (MMA) during the application of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) in floor coatings as assessed in the chemical safety assessment, reflect the exposure situations as observed in the Dutch building practice...
June 4, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706322/respirable-dust-measured-downwind-during-rock-dust-application
#9
M L Harris, J Organiscak, S Klima, I E Perera
The Pittsburgh Mining Research Division of the U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducted underground evaluations in an attempt to quantify respirable rock dust generation when using untreated rock dust and rock dust treated with an anticaking additive. Using personal dust monitors, these evaluations measured respirable rock dust levels arising from a flinger-type application of rock dust on rib and roof surfaces. Rock dust with a majority of the respirable component removed was also applied in NIOSH's Bruceton Experimental Mine using a bantam duster...
May 2017: Mining Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704346/mortality-from-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-and-parkinson-s-disease-among-different-occupation-groups-united-states-1985-2011
#10
John D Beard, Andrea L Steege, Jun Ju, John Lu, Sara E Luckhaupt, Mary K Schubauer-Berigan
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Parkinson's disease, both progressive neurodegenerative diseases, affect >1 million Americans (1,2). Consistently reported risk factors for ALS include increasing age, male sex, and cigarette smoking (1); risk factors for Parkinson's disease include increasing age, male sex, and pesticide exposure, whereas cigarette smoking and caffeine consumption are inversely associated (2). Relative to cancer or respiratory diseases, the role of occupation in neurologic diseases is much less studied and less well understood (3)...
July 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704143/north-carolina-state-agencies-working-to-prevent-agricultural-injuries-and-illnesses
#11
Ricky Langley, Anne Hirsch, Regina Cullen, John Allran, Renee Woody, Derrick Bell
Over the past 25 years, the North Carolina Departments of Labor, Agriculture and Consumer Services, and Health and Human Services have worked with farmers, farmworkers, commodity and trade associations, universities, and cooperative extension agents to develop programs to decrease the occurrence of injuries and illnesses among agricultural workers and their families. The Bureau of Agricultural Safety and Health in the North Carolina Department of Labor helped craft the Migrant Housing Act, created the Gold Star program, and developed numerous projects promoting rural highway safety and farm safety...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703044/implementation-of-a-safe-patient-handling-program-in-a-multihospital-health-system-from-inception-to-sustainability-successes-over-8-years-and-ongoing-challenges
#12
Christine Olinski, Christine E Norton
Musculoskeletal injuries, especially back injuries, are among the most frequent injuries sustained by direct caregivers who lift, transfer, and reposition patients. These injuries can be debilitating and, for some caregivers, career ending. In the first year following implementation of the safe patient handling program in a multihospital health care system, an 82% reduction in Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) recordable patient handling injuries was realized, a 94% decrease in days away from work, an 85% reduction in restricted duty days, and an 82% reduction in incurred workers' compensation costs...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692612/occupational-safety-and-health-and-healthy-housing-a-review-of-opportunities-and-challenges
#13
David E Jacobs, Linda Forst
PURPOSE: Occupational safety and health (OSH) risks in construction of healthy housing (HH) have not been examined and collaboration between HH and OSH professionals is inadequate. The World Health Organization is developing international HH guidelines and the International Labour Organization is working to improve OSH in construction globally. METHODS: We searched for exemplary reports (including gray literature) on construction hazards; preventive measures for occupants and workers; OSH frameworks, laws, and regulations; definitions; and HH...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692191/capture-and-coding-of-industry-and-occupation-measures-findings-from-eight-national-program-of-cancer-registries-states
#14
MaryBeth B Freeman, Lori A Pollack, Judy R Rees, Christopher J Johnson, Randi K Rycroft, David L Rousseau, Mei-Chin Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Although data on industry and occupation (I&O) are important for understanding cancer risks, obtaining standardized data is challenging. This study describes the capture of specific I&O text and the ability of a web-based tool to translate text into standardized codes. METHODS: Data on 62 525 cancers cases received from eight National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) states were submitted to a web-based coding tool developed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health for translation into standardized I&O codes...
August 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692014/effect-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-training-on-health-care-worker-safety-a-randomized-waitlist-controlled-trial
#15
Morgan Anne Valley, Lorann Stallones
OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the impact of mindfulness training on occupational safety of hospital health care workers. METHODS: The study used a randomized waitlist-controlled trial design to test the effect of an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course on self-reported health care worker safety outcomes, measured at baseline, postintervention, and 6 months later. RESULTS: Twenty-three hospital health care workers participated in the study (11 in immediate intervention group; 12 in waitlist control group)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691728/intervention-to-diminish-dehydration-and-kidney-damage-among-sugarcane-workers
#16
David H Wegman, Jenny Apelqvist, Matteo Bottai, Ulf Ekström, Ramón García-Trabanino, Jason Glaser, Christer Hogstedt, Kristina Jakobsson, Emmanuel Jarquín, Rebekah A I Lucas, Ilana Weiss, Catharina Wesseling, Theo Bodin
Objective The aim of this study was to assess the potential to reduce kidney function damage during the implementation of a water, rest, shade (WRS) and efficiency intervention program among sugarcane workers. Methods A WRS intervention program adapted from the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) coupled with an efficiency program began two months into the 5-month harvest. One of the two groups of workers studied was provided with portable water reservoirs, mobile shaded tents, and scheduled rest periods...
July 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686131/occupational-health-and-safety-management-practices-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-aged-care
#17
Jodi Oakman, Timothy Bartram
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine whether occupational health and safety (OHS) management used to manage musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the aged care sector reflects contemporary research evidence of best practice to reduce the incidence of these disorders. Design/methodology/approach In total, 58 interviews were conducted with managers and supervisors in the aged care sector across four organisations in Australia. Policies and procedures relating to MSDs were reviewed for each organisation...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685631/correction-to-breslin-et%C3%A2-al-examining-occupational-health-and-safety-vulnerability-among-canadian-workers-with-disabilities
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683000/safety-risks-among-home-infusion-nurses-and-other-home-health-care-providers
#19
Pia Markkanen, Catherine Galligan, Margaret Quinn
In the United States, home health care (HHC) is a rapidly growing industry and home infusion therapy is a rapidly growing market. HHC can present substantial occupational safety and health (OSH) risks. This article summarizes major OSH risks relevant to home infusion therapy by illustrating them through real-life scenarios collected systematically using qualitative research methods by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health-funded research projects at the University of Massachusetts Lowell...
July 2017: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679520/prevalence-and-injury-patterns-among-electronic-waste-workers-in-the-informal-sector-in-nigeria
#20
Chimere May Ohajinwa, Peter M van Bodegom, Martina G Vijver, Adesola O Olumide, Oladele Osibanjo, Willie J G M Peijnenburg
BACKGROUND: Despite the large volume of e-waste recycled informally, the prevalence of work-related injuries among e-waste workers is unknown. Therefore, this study assessed the prevalence, patterns and factors associated with occupational injuries among e-waste workers in the informal sector in Nigeria. METHODS: This cross-sectional study adopted a multistage sampling method to select 279 respondents from three cities (Ibadan, Lagos and Aba) in Nigeria. A questionnaire was used to obtain information on sociodemographics, work practices and injury occurrences from the respondents in 2015...
July 5, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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