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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635439/social-and-occupational-factors-associated-with-psychological-wellbeing-among-occupational-groups-affected-by-disaster-a-systematic-review
#1
Samantha K Brooks, Rebecca Dunn, Richard Amlôt, G James Rubin, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: The psychological impact of disasters has been well-documented; less attention has been paid to factors affecting the wellbeing of those exposed to disasters as occupational groups. AIMS: To conduct a systematic literature review identifying social and occupational factors affecting the wellbeing of disaster-exposed employees; to use these factors to identify recommendations for potential interventions. METHOD: Four electronic literature databases were searched; reference lists of relevant papers were hand-searched...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633660/a-re-assessment-of-the-safety-of-silver-in-household-water-treatment-rapid-systematic-review-of-mammalian-in-vivo-genotoxicity-studies
#2
REVIEW
Lorna Fewtrell, Batsirai Majuru, Paul R Hunter
BACKGROUND: Despite poor evidence of their effectiveness, colloidal silver and silver nanoparticles are increasingly being promoted for treating potentially contaminated drinking water in low income countries. Recently, however, concerns have been raised about the possible genotoxicity of particulate silver. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this paper was to review the published mammalian in vivo genotoxicity studies using silver micro and nanoparticles. METHODS: SCOPUS and Medline were searched using the following search string: ("DNA damage" OR genotox* OR Cytotox* OR Embryotox*) AND (silver OR AgNP)...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629275/applying-learning-theory-to-safety-and-health-training-for-hispanic-immigrant-dairy-workers
#3
Patricia M Juárez-Carrillo, Amy K Liebman, Iris Anne C Reyes, Yurany V Ninco Sánchez, Matthew C Keifer
We designed a safety and health curriculum for dairy immigrant workers aiming to increase knowledge, encourage safe behavior, and reduce worker communication inequalities to prevent occupational injury and diseases. The design is largely based on the Taxonomy of Significant Learning and incorporated behavioral and adult learning theories and principles of occupational hazard control. Trainings were implemented with 836 Spanish-speaking workers from 67 farms in Wisconsin. Sixty-seven percent of workers reported never being trained before in dairy safety, 65% of these worked in dairy for 5 or fewers years, and 26% of workers reported being ever injured while working on dairy...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627152/-effectiveness-of-inspections-in-the-construction-sites-on-reducing-innjuries-a-pilot-study-in-a-health-unit-of-piedmont-region-northern-italy
#4
Walter Lazzarotto, Osvaldo Pasqualini, Elena Farina, Antonella Bena
OBJECTIVES: to describe a pilot study to evaluate the impact on injury rates of Occupational health and safety (OHS) inspections conducted in the construction sites of the Novara Health Unit territory during 2005-2007. DESIGN: study design is "treated/non treated" where: "treated" are construction companies inspected during 2005-2007 and not inspected in the periods before and after; "non treated" are construction companies never inspected during 2002-2010. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: two information sources have been used: Italian Workers' Compensation Authority databases and Novara Health Unit inspection database...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626796/determining-underground-mining-work-postures-using-motion-capture-and-digital-human-modeling
#5
Timothy J Lutz, Joseph P DuCarme, Adam K Smith, Dean Ambrose
According to Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) data, during 2008-2012 in the U.S., there were, on average, 65 lost-time accidents per year during routine mining and maintenance activities involving remote-controlled continuous mining machines (CMMs). To address this problem, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is currently investigating the implementation and integration of existing and emerging technologies in underground mines to provide automated, intelligent proximity detection (iPD) devices on CMMs...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Environment and Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620931/assault-at-the-workplace-in-147-patients-resulting-in-cochleovestibular-dysfunction
#6
Ophir Ilan, Mohammed Iqbal Syed, Eitan Aziza, David D Pothier, John A Rutka
Assault and violence at the workplace although uncommon are occupational health and safety hazards. Although there is no paucity of literature on cochleovestibular dysfunction after head injuries, there is little published on cochleovestibular dysfunction as a consequence of assault at the workplace. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
June 16, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616886/cancer-incidence-among-boat-building-workers-exposed-to-styrene
#7
Avima M Ruder, Stephen J Bertke
BACKGROUND: A cancer incidence analysis was conducted on The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health boat-builders cohort exposed to styrene, a possible carcinogen. METHODS: Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) and standardized rate ratios (SRR) were calculated using national and Washington State rates and a person-years analysis program. RESULTS: Among 3704 workers living in Washington State after 1991, when cancer registry case accrual began, 516 first primary diagnoses occurred through 2007...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614925/-investigation-on-standard-application-of-industrial-dust-hazard-classification
#8
Y Lu, M Zhang, W H Chen
Objective: To investigate the application and effectiveness evaluation of the standard of GBZ/T 229.1-2010 in practice, and to explore the applicability, aiming to provide technical evidence for the revision of GBZ/T 229.1-2010. Methods: There were 2 questionnaire surveys carried out in the study, including general survey and specific survey. Databases were established and data were input with Excel 2010 and Epidata version 3.1 software. SPSS version 19.0 software was used for data cleaning and statistical analysis...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614464/assessment-of-current-occupational-safety-and-health-regulations-and-legislation-in-the-caribbean
#9
Muge Akpinar-Elci, MyNgoc Nguyen, Marvin Randall, Satesh Bidaisee, Omur Elci, Olaniyi Olayinka, Julieta Rodriguez Guzman
Neglecting occupational safety and health (OSH) can have adverse and even deadly consequences. While OSH is important in any nation, the issue is particularly concerning in developing countries, including ones in the Caribbean. The purpose of this study, which was carried out in 2012 and 2013, was to examine the reasons for an apparent fundamental lack of awareness of OSH in the Caribbean. We conducted a descriptive study, in which a questionnaire was administered, via telephone, to key policy-making representatives from six English-speaking Caribbean nations, in order to assess the current OSH environment in their countries...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609256/nano-metal-oxides-exposure-and-engineering-control-assessment
#10
Alberto Garcia, Adrienne Eastlake, Jennifer L Topmiller, Christopher Sparks, Kenneth Martinez, Charles L Geraci
In January 2007, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducted a field study to evaluate process specific emissions during the production of ENMs. This study was performed using the nanoparticle emission assessment technique (NEAT). During this study, it was determined that ENMs were released during production and cleaning of the process reactor. Airborne concentrations of silver, nickel, and iron were found both in the employee's personal breathing zone and area samples during reactor cleaning...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609213/aspergillus-spp-prevalence-in-different-portuguese-occupational-environments-what-is-the-real-scenario-in-high-load-settings
#11
Carla Viegas, Tiago Faria, Liliana Aranha Caetano, Elisabete Carolino, Anita Quintal Gomes, Susana Viegas
The genus Aspergillus is one of the most prevalent regarding fungi in several highly contaminated occupational environments. The goal of the current study was to assess the prevalence of Aspergillus spp. in different settings, focusing on those where a higher load of fungal contamination is expected according to the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. A specific protocol to ensure a more accurate assessment of the exposure to Aspergillus spp. is proposed aimed at allowing a detailed risk characterization and management...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609192/evaluation-of-the-well-mixed-room-and-near-field-far-field-models-in-occupational-settings
#12
Susan F Arnold, Yuan Shao, Gurumurthy Ramachandran
Drawing appropriate conclusions about a scenario for which the exposure is truly unacceptable drives appropriate exposure and risk management, and protects the health and safety of those individuals. To ensure the vast majority of these decisions are accurate, these decisions must be based upon proven approaches and tools. When these decisions are based solely on professional judgment guided by subjective inputs however, they are more than likely wrong, and biased, underestimating the true exposure. Models have been shown anecdotally to be useful in accurately predicting exposure but their use in occupational hygiene has been limited...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609169/a-gap-analysis-of-the-united-states-death-care-sector-to-determine-training-and-education-needs-pertaining-to-highly-infectious-disease-mitigation-and-management
#13
Aurora B Le, Lesley Witter, Jocelyn J Herstein, Katelyn C Jelden, Elizabeth Beam, Shawn G Gibbs, John J Lowe
PURPOSE: A United States industry-specific gap analysis survey of the death care sector-which comprises organizations and businesses affiliated with the funeral industry and the handling of human remains- was developed, the results analyzed, and training and education needs in relation to highly infectious disease mitigation and management were explored in an effort to identify where occupational health and safety can be enhanced in this worker population. METHODS: Collaborating national death care organizations distributed the 47-question electronic survey...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604767/correlation-between-airborne-manganese-concentration-at-the-workstations-in-the-iron-foundry-and-manganese-concentration-in-workers-blood
#14
Seyedtaghi Mirmohammadi, Yosef Moghaddasi, Jamshid Yazdani, Razyeh Yousefinejad, Yahya Esfandyari, Mohsen Gorgani, Manijeh Habibpour
BACKGROUND: Manganese (Mn) used as raw material for melting process in the ferrous foundry is considered as hazardous neurotoxic substance because it accumulates in the central nervous system and may cause neurological disorders. The furnace-men and melting department workers are potentially exposed to manganese particles or fume in the workplace. The objective of the research has been to investigate the sources and levels of manganese exposure in the foundry by correlation of blood-manganese (B-Mn) and air-manganese (air-Mn) measurement...
June 12, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602858/verbal-abuse-and-physical-assault-in-the-emergency-department-rates-of-violence-perceptions-of-safety-and-attitudes-towards-security
#15
Bradley Partridge, Julia Affleck
INTRODUCTION: Emergency Department (ED) workers are prone to occupational violence, however the extent and impact of this may not be evenly felt across all roles in the ED. AIMS: Explore: 1) the rate of verbal abuse and physical assaults experienced by ED staff, 2) perceptions of safety, 3) attitudes towards security officers, and 4) formal reporting of incidents. METHODS: 330 ED workers were surveyed at four public hospitals in one metropolitan health service district in Queensland, Australia, including 179 nurses, 83 medical staff, 44 administration staff, 14 allied health, and 9 operational...
June 8, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598934/feasibility-and-utility-of-lexical-analysis-for-occupational-health-text
#16
Philip Harber, Gondy Leroy
OBJECTIVE: Assess feasibility and potential utility of natural language processing (NLP) for storing and analyzing occupational health data. METHODS: Basic NLP lexical analysis methods were applied to 89,000 Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) free text records. Steps included tokenization, term and co-occurrence counts, term annotation, and identifying exposure-health effect relationships. Presence of terms in the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) was assessed...
June 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598772/implementation-of-a-novel-taxonomy-based-on-cognitive-work-analysis-in-the-assessment-of-safety-performance
#17
Toivo Niskanen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine how the developed taxonomy of cognitive work analysis (CWA) can be applied in combination with statistical analysis regarding different socio-technical categories. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study applied a combination of quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Workers (n=120) and managers (n=85) in the chemical industry were asked in a questionnaire how different OSH measures were being implemented. The exploration of the qualitative CWA taxonomy consisted of an analysis of the following topics: (1) Work domain; (2) Control task; (3) Strategies; (4) Social organization and cooperation; and (5) Worker competencies...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593078/non-chemical-risk-assessment-for-lifting-and-low-back-pain-based-on-bayesian-threshold-models
#18
Sudha P Pandalai, Matthew W Wheeler, Ming-Lun Lu
BACKGROUND: Self-reported low back pain (LBP) has been evaluated in relation to material handling lifting tasks, but little research has focused on relating quantifiable stressors to LBP at the individual level. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Composite Lifting Index (CLI) has been used to quantify stressors for lifting tasks. A chemical exposure can be readily used as an exposure metric or stressor for chemical risk assessment (RA). Defining and quantifying lifting nonchemical stressors and related adverse responses is more difficult...
June 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593074/safety-and-health-perceptions-in-work-related-transport-activities-in-ghanaian-industries
#19
Charles Atombo, Chaozhong Wu, Emmanuel O Tettehfio, Godwin Y Nyamuame, Aaron A Agbo
BACKGROUND: With the recent rapid industrialization, occupational safety and health (OSH) has become an important issue in all industrial and human activities. However, incidents of injuries and fatality rates in the Ghanaian industry sector continue to increase. Despite this increase, there is no evidence regarding the element of OSH management in transport activities in Ghanaian industries. Thus, this study aims to examine the perceptions regarding the importance of safety and health in work-related transport activities in Ghanaian industries...
June 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593071/evaluation-of-the-quality-of-occupational-health-and-safety-management-systems-based-on-key-performance-indicators-in%C3%A2-certified-organizations
#20
Iraj Mohammadfam, Mojtaba Kamalinia, Mansour Momeni, Rostam Golmohammadi, Yadollah Hamidi, Alireza Soltanian
BACKGROUND: Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems are becoming more widespread in organizations. Consequently, their effectiveness has become a core topic for researchers. This paper evaluates the performance of the Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series 18001 specification in certified companies in Iran. METHODS: The evaluation is based on a comparison of specific criteria and indictors related to occupational health and safety management practices in three certified and three noncertified companies...
June 2017: Safety and Health At Work
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