keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cervical carcinoma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922980/variations-in-treatment-of-cervical-cancer-according-to-tumor-morphology-population-based-cohort-analysis-of-english-national-cancer-registration-data
#1
Marta Emmett, Carolynn Gildea, Andrew Nordin, Lynn Hirschowitz, Jason Poole
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate differences in the treatment of cervical cancer by tumor morphology after accounting for demographic, diagnostic, and tumor factors. METHODS: Retrospective population-based observational study using linked cancer registration and treatment data from administrative data sources of women diagnosed with cervical cancer (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition C53, malignant behavior) during 2009 and 2010 in England...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922337/does-ptis-exist-in-hpv-driven-tonsillar-carcinomas-an-ultrastructural-review-and-examination-of-two-cases
#2
Candice C Black, Christopher Ogomo
Many tonsillar tumors present clinically as cervical nodal metastases and the primary tumor is often difficult to find. HPV-driven tonsillar carcinoma begins in the reticulated crypt epithelium, possibly through viral integration. The basement membrane is not complete in the reticulated crypt epithelium, which may enhance the immune function. We examined the reticulated crypt epithelium in a normal case and five neoplastic tonsils with cervical metastasis as the presenting symptom to further investigate whether tonsil carcinoma in-situ exists...
December 6, 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919662/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-anterior-tongue-is-tumour-thickness-an-indicator-for-cervical-metastasis
#3
P Loganathan, A Sayan, D W K Hsu, S Paraneetharan, V Ilankovan
The incidence of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the tongue accounts for 90% of all malignancies affecting the oral cavity and oropharynx. The distribution between the anterior and posterior tongue is equal. Nodal metastasis is dependent on various factors including tumour thickness, site, size, differentiation, and perineural and perivascular invasion. There is increasing evidence of a close correlation between tumour thickness and metastasis. A retrospective study covering the 16-year period from 2000 to 2016 was performed...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917295/circulating-human-papillomavirus-dna-detected-using-droplet-digital-pcr-in-the-serum-of-patients-diagnosed-with-early-stage-human-papillomavirus-associated-invasive-carcinoma
#4
Emmanuelle Jeannot, Véronique Becette, Maura Campitelli, Marie-Ange Calméjane, Emmanuelle Lappartient, Evelyne Ruff, Stéphanie Saada, Allyson Holmes, Dominique Bellet, Xavier Sastre-Garau
Specific human papillomavirus genotypes are associated with most ano-genital carcinomas and a large subset of oro-pharyngeal carcinomas. Human papillomavirus DNA is thus a tumour marker that can be detected in the blood of patients for clinical monitoring. However, data concerning circulating human papillomavirus DNA in cervical cancer patients has provided little clinical value, due to insufficient sensitivity of the assays used for the detection of small sized tumours. Here we took advantage of the sensitive droplet digital PCR method to identify circulating human papillomavirus DNA in patients with human papillomavirus-associated carcinomas...
October 2016: Journal of Pathology. Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916907/metformin-inhibits-tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-via-pkm2-relative-mtor-p70s6k-signaling-pathway-in-cervical-carcinoma-cells
#5
Keyan Cheng, Min Hao
BACKGROUND: Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a prominent role in tumorigenesis. Metformin exerts antitumorigenic effects in various cancers. This study investigated the mechanisms of metformin in TGF-β1-induced Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cervical carcinoma cells. METHODS: cells were cultured with 10 ng/mL TGF-β1 to induce EMT and treated with or without metformin. Cell viability was evaluated by CCK-8 (Cell Counting Kit 8, CCK-8) assay; apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry; cell migration was evaluated by wound-healing assay...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916470/is-there-evidence-for-the-presence-and-relevance-of-the-pd-1-pd-l1-pathway-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-hints-from-an-immunohistochemical-study
#6
Matthias Troeltzsch, Timothy Woodlock, Alix Pianka, Sven Otto, Markus Troeltzsch, Michael Ehrenfeld, Thomas Knösel
PURPOSE: To examine oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) specimens for programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression and presence of programmed death-1 (PD-1)-positive tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and to determine possible clinicopathologic implications. It was hypothesized that PD-L1 expression and PD-1-positive TIL presence in OSCC would have no clinical relevance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors implemented a retrospective cohort study design. The study cohort was chosen in compliance with predefined inclusion criteria...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916172/neck-dissection-versus-watchful-waiting-in-early-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-tongue-our-experience-on-127-cases
#7
Giovanni Dell'Aversana Orabona, Paola Bonavolontà, Fabio Maglitto, Marco Friscia, Giorgio Iaconetta, Luigi Califano
BACKGROUND: Early oral squamous cell carcinoma (EOSCC) represents about 90% of the oral cancers especially in older males. The etiology is multifactorial, strongly related to tobacco and alcohol abuse, but also infective agents, Human papillomaviruses (HPV16-18), genetic factors and pre-neoplastic lesions seem to be implicated. There is no consensus in the literature for the treatment of early squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue (stages I-II); both an elective neck dissection policy and a watchful-waiting policy have their proponents in the different centers...
December 2016: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912770/endometriosis-associated-clear-cell-carcinoma-arising-in-caesarean-section-scar-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Gabriella Ferrandina, Eleonora Palluzzi, Francesco Fanfani, Stefano Gentileschi, Anna Lia Valentini, Maria Vittoria Mattoli, Ilaria Pennacchia, Giovanni Scambia, Gianfranco Zannoni
BACKGROUND: Malignant transformation has been reported in approximately 1% of the endometriosis cases; herein, we report a case of clear cell endometrial carcinoma arising from endometriosis foci located within a caesarean section scar. CASE PRESENTATION: In November 2014, a Caucasian, 44-year-old woman was transferred to our institution because of severe respiratory failure due to massive lung embolism and rapid enlargement of a subcutaneous suprapubic mass. Abdomino-pelvic magnetic resonance showed a 10...
December 3, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909769/evaluation-of-131-i-scintigraphy-and-stimulated-thyroglobulin-levels-in-the-follow-up-of-patients-with-dtc-a-retrospective-analysis-of-1420-patients
#9
Jose Manuel Gonzalez Carvalho, Dennis Görlich, Otmar Schober, Christian Wenning, Burkhard Riemann, Frederik Anton Verburg, Alexis Vrachimis
AIM: To study the clinical yield of diagnostic whole body (131)I scintigraphy (DxWBS) in the follow-up of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) patients in relation to stimulated thyroglobulin (sTg) in the initial post-ablation setting, as well as in the setting of repeated monitoring in course of further DTC follow-up. METHODS: Data of 1420 thyroidectomized and radioiodine remnant-ablated DTC patients following a well-defined therapy and standardized follow-up protocol were evaluated...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909716/aberrant-timeless-expression-is-associated-with-poor-clinical-survival-and-lymph-node-metastasis-in-early-stage-cervical-carcinoma
#10
Weijing Zhang, Weiling He, Yongjie Shi, Jing Zhao, Sailan Liu, Fengxiang Zhang, Jiarui Yang, Chuanmiao Xie, Yanna Zhang
TIMELESS is a highly conserved protein required for the maintenance of normal mammalian circadian oscillations and for controlling cellular metabolism and proliferation. Recently, TIMELESS was implicated in the tumorigenesis of certain cancers. However, little is known on TIMELESS protein expression and its potential as a prognostic factor in cervical cancer. Here, we investigate TIMELESS expression pattern and its clinicopathological significance in early-stage cervical carcinoma. TIMELESS mRNA and protein expression was evaluated by real-time PCR and western blot analysis in cervical cancer cell lines, a normal cervical cell line, as well as in six pairs of surgically removed cervical cancer and adjacent normal cervical tissues...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907036/the-characteristic-of-s100a7-induction-by-the-hippo-yap-pathway-in-cervical-and-glossopharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
Fei Kong, Yunguang Li, Enze Hu, Rui Wang, Junhao Wang, Jin Liu, Jinsan Zhang, Dacheng He, Xueyuan Xiao
S100A7 is expressed in many squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). Our previous study revealed that S100A7 was dramatically induced in several SCC cells and activation of the Hippo pathway significantly promoted S100A7 in epidermoid carcinoma cells. However, whether the Hippo pathway regulates S100A7 expression in SCCs remains largely unknown. Here, we uncover that S100A7 induction by the Hippo-YAP pathway displays different characteristic in cervical and glossopharyngeal SCC. In well differentiated HCC94 cervical cells and FaDu pharyngeal cells, S100A7 is easily induced by both suspension and dense culture, which is accompanied by an increase in YAP phosphorylation and a decrease in nuclear YAP...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905120/incidence-of-contralateral-bilateral-nodes-in-the-human-papillomavirus-era
#12
Andrew G Tritter, Vikas Mehta, Madeleine Samuelson, Ginger deGravelle, Xiaohui Ma, Tara Medlin-Moore, Amol Takalkar, Gloria Caldito, Cherie-Ann O Nathan
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: HPV-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma has a more favorable prognosis when compared to HPV-negative disease, regardless of the presence of nodal metastases. However, the importance of contralateral neck treatment based on HPV status has not been well studied. Given the historically poor prognostic implications of cervical nodal metastases, this study sought to elucidate the relationship between HPV status and contralateral/bilateral nodal metastasis in patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma...
December 1, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904083/novel-sulfonamide-derivatives-carrying-a-biologically-active-3-4-dimethoxyphenyl-moiety-as-vegfr-2-inhibitors
#13
Mostafa Mohammed Ghorab, Mansour Sulaiman Alsaid, Yassin Mohammed Nissan, Abdelkader Elbadawy Ashour, Abdullah Abdulalrahman Al-Mishari, Ashok Kumar, Sheikh Fayaz Ahmed
Novel sulfonamides 3-19 with a biologically active 3,4-dimethoxyphenyl moiety were designed and synthesized. The structures of the synthesized compounds were established using elemental analyses, IR, (1)H-NMR, (13)C-NMR spectral data and mass spectroscopy. All the synthesized compounds were evaluated for their in vitro anticancer activity against four cancer cell lines, namely human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2), human medulloblastoma (Daoy), human cervical cancer (HeLa), and human colon cancer (HT-29), by using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and dasatinib as the reference drug...
2016: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902986/the-presence-of-hpv-dna-in-neck-lymph-node-metastasis-correlates-with-improved-overall-survival-of-patients-with-oropharyngeal-cancer-undergoing-surgical-treatment
#14
Eiji Shimura, Takanori Hama, Toshihito Suda, Masahiro Ikegami, Mitsuyoshi Urashima, Hiromi Kojima
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed how human papilloma virus (HPV) infection in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) affects the outcome of surgical therapy; furthermore, the relationship between the presence of HPV DNA and neck lymph node (LN) metastasis has not been well established. METHODS: A total of 65 patients who underwent surgery as a first-line therapy for OPSCC were enrolled in this study. In HPV-positive patients, the presence of HPV DNA in metastatic neck LN lesions was evaluated...
December 1, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902484/depletion-of-mitochondrial-reactive-oxygen-species-downregulates-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-cervical-cancer-cells
#15
Galina Shagieva, Lidiya Domnina, Olga Makarevich, Boris Chernyak, Vladimir Skulachev, Vera Dugina
In the course of cancer progression, epithelial cells often acquire morphological and functional characteristics of mesenchymal cells, a process known as epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). EMT provides epithelial cells with migratory, invasive, and stem cell capabilities. Reactive oxygen species produced by mitochondria (mtROS) could be of special importance for pro-tumorigenic signaling and EMT.In our study, we used mitochondria-targeted antioxidant SkQ1 to lower the mtROS level and analyze their role in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton, adhesion junctions, and signaling pathways critical for tumorigenesis of cervical carcinomas...
November 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900204/preoperative-mr-staging-of-cervical-carcinoma-are-oblique-and-contrast-enhanced-sequences-necessary
#16
Susanne Fridsten, Ann-Cathrin Hellström, Kristina Hellman, Anders Sundin, Boel Söderén, Lennart Blomqvist
BACKGROUND: As the choice of treatment in patients with cervical carcinoma depends on cancer stage at diagnosis, accurate staging is essential. PURPOSE: To compare three different combinations of magnetic resonance (MR) sequences for preoperative staging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-seven consecutive patients with biopsy proven cervical carcinoma underwent MR imaging (MRI) staging followed by primary surgical treatment. Thirty-two of 57 patients had had a cone biopsy prior to MRI...
November 2016: Acta Radiologica Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900017/six1-is-overexpressed-in-endometrial-carcinoma-and-promotes-the-malignant-behavior-of-cancer-cells-through-erk-and-akt-signaling
#17
Xiaochuan Xin, Yue Li, Xianghong Yang
The sineoculis homeobox homolog 1 (SIX1) protein has been found to be important for cancer progression. However, its biological role in human endometrial carcinomas remains unexplored. The potential mechanism of SIX1-induced cancer progression remains unclear. In the present study, SIX1 protein expression was examined in 84 cases of endometrial carcinoma tissues using immunohistochemisty, and SIX1 was found to be overexpressed in 51.1% (43/84) of cervical cancer cells. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) knockdown of SIX1 was also performed in Ishikawa cells with high endogenous SIX1 expression, and SIX1 was overexpressed in the HEC1B cell line with low endogenous expression...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899988/mtor-downstream-effectors-4ebp1-and-eif4e-are-overexpressed-and-associated-with-hpv-status-in-precancerous-lesions-and-carcinomas-of-the-uterine-cervix
#18
Aristidis Asimomytis, Maria Karanikou, Alexander Rodolakis, Anna Vaiopoulou, Paraskevi Tsetsa, George Creatsas, Theodoros Stefos, Aristidis Antsaklis, Efstratios Patsouris, George Z Rassidakis
The present study aims to investigate the expression levels of two critical mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) downstream effectors, 4E binding protein 1 (4EBP1) and eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) proteins, in precancerous squamous intraepithelial lesions and cancer of the uterine cervix, and their association with human papilloma virus (HPV) infection status. Uterine cervical biopsies from 73 patients were obtained, including 40 fresh-frozen samples and 42 archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue specimens...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899985/possible-role-of-thymidine-phosphorylase-in-gynecological-tumors-as-an-individualized-treatment-strategy
#19
Masako Shida, Masanori Yasuda, Mariko Fujita, Masaki Miyazawa, Hiroshi Kajiwara, Takeshi Hirasawa, Masae Ikeda, Naruaki Matsui, Toshinari Muramatsu, Mikio Mikami
Thymidine phosphorylase (TP) is structurally similar to platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor, and it activates 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) prodrugs and also promotes angiogenesis. In the present study, the possibility of using TP expression as a biomarker for 5-FU prodrugs, and the significance of TP as an angiogenic factor, were investigated in patients with gynecological tumors. The subjects enrolled in the study were 188 patients with gynecological tumors who provided informed consent and underwent tumor resection at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Tokai University Hospital between February 2002 and January 2010...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899965/increased-expression-of-long-non-coding-rna-xist-predicts-favorable-prognosis-of-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma-subsequent-to-definitive-chemoradiation-therapy
#20
Reiko Kobayashi, Ryu Miyagawa, Hideomi Yamashita, Teppei Morikawa, Kae Okuma, Masashi Fukayama, Kuni Ohtomo, Keiichi Nakagawa
The present retrospective study aimed to examine the association between the expression of long non-protein-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and clinical prognosis in the pretreatment formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue samples of cervical squamous cell carcinoma patients that underwent platinum-based chemoradiation therapy. Between 2001 and 2013, 49 consecutive patients with squamous cell cervical carcinoma were selected for the present study (median follow-up period, 44.1 months). The patients possessed an International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage of IB1/IIA1 (with pelvic lymph node metastasis), IB2 or IIA2-IVA, and had been treated with definitive chemoradiation therapy...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
keyword
keyword
30461
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"