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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925123/-conflict-of-interest-in-the-training-and-practices-of-nutritionists-regulation-is-necessary
#1
Tatiane Nunes Pereira, Fabiana Alves do Nascimento, Daniel Henrique Bandoni
Transnational "Big Food" companies use advertising strategies to influence nutritionists, professors and students of nutrition. There are, however, conflicts of interest in this relationship. The scope of this study is to conduct a narrative review on the influence of the food industry in training in nutrition. It was revealed that industries seek to induce the recommendation, the prescription and the consumption of products by students and nutritionists through strategies such as sponsorship of scientific meetings, travel funding and the distribution of promotional gifts...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903958/global-approaches-to-regulating-electronic-cigarettes
#2
Ryan David Kennedy, Ayodeji Awopegba, Elaine De León, Joanna E Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Classify and describe the policy approaches used by countries to regulate e-cigarettes. METHODS: National policies regulating e-cigarettes were identified by (1) conducting web searches on Ministry of Health websites, and (2) broad web searches. The mechanisms used to regulate e-cigarettes were classified as new/amended laws, or existing laws. The policy domains identified include restrictions or prohibitions on product: sale, manufacturing, importation, distribution, use, product design including e-liquid ingredients, advertising/promotion/sponsorship, trademarks, and regulation requiring: taxation, health warning labels and child-safety standards...
November 30, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745783/sponsorship-of-national-health-organizations-by-two-major-soda-companies
#3
Daniel G Aaron, Michael B Siegel
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a pervasive public health problem in the U.S. Reducing soda consumption is important for stemming the obesity epidemic. However, several articles and one book suggest that soda companies are using their resources to impede public health interventions that might reduce soda consumption. Although corporate sponsorship by tobacco and alcohol companies has been studied extensively, there has been no systematic attempt to catalog sponsorship activities of soda companies...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690131/outcome-reporting-bias-in-government-sponsored-policy-evaluations-a-qualitative-content-analysis-of-13-studies
#4
Arnaud Vaganay
The reporting of evaluation outcomes can be a point of contention between evaluators and policy-makers when a given reform fails to fulfil its promises. Whereas evaluators are required to report outcomes in full, policy-makers have a vested interest in framing these outcomes in a positive light-especially when they previously expressed a commitment to the reform. The current evidence base is limited to a survey of policy evaluators, a study on reporting bias in education research and several studies investigating the influence of industry sponsorship on the reporting of clinical trials...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649911/sponsorship-and-publication-information
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632172/please-like-me-facebook-and-public-health-communication
#6
James Kite, Bridget C Foley, Anne C Grunseit, Becky Freeman
Facebook, the most widely used social media platform, has been adopted by public health organisations for health promotion and behaviour change campaigns and activities. However, limited information is available on the most effective and efficient use of Facebook for this purpose. This study sought to identify the features of Facebook posts that are associated with higher user engagement on Australian public health organisations' Facebook pages. We selected 20 eligible pages through a systematic search and coded 360-days of posts for each page...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614277/premature-trial-discontinuation-often-not-accurately-reflected-in-registries-comparison-of-registry-records-with-publications
#7
Reem Alturki, Stefan Schandelmaier, Kelechi Kalu Olu, Belinda von Niederhäusern, Arnav Agarwal, Roy Frei, Neera Bhatnagar, Lotty Hooft, Erik von Elm, Matthias Briel
BACKGROUND: One quarter of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are prematurely discontinued and frequently remain unpublished. Trial registries can document whether a trial is ongoing, suspended, discontinued, or completed and therefore represent an important source for trial status information. The accuracy of this information is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the accuracy of completion status and reasons for discontinuation documented in trial registries as compared to corresponding publications of discontinued RCTs (reference standard), and to investigate potential predictors for accurate trial status information in registries...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613084/beyond-the-randomized-controlled-trial-a-review-of-alternatives-in-mhealth-clinical-trial-methods
#8
Quynh Pham, David Wiljer, Joseph A Cafazzo
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have long been considered the primary research study design capable of eliciting causal relationships between health interventions and consequent outcomes. However, with a prolonged duration from recruitment to publication, high-cost trial implementation, and a rigid trial protocol, RCTs are perceived as an impractical evaluation methodology for most mHealth apps. OBJECTIVE: Given the recent development of alternative evaluation methodologies and tools to automate mHealth research, we sought to determine the breadth of these methods and the extent that they were being used in clinical trials...
September 9, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598425/the-quality-of-reporting-of-measures-of-precision-in-animal-experiments-in-implant-dentistry-a-methodological-study
#9
Clovis Mariano Faggion, Luisiana Aranda, Karla Tatiana Diaz, Ming-Chieh Shih, Yu-Kang Tu, Marco Antonio Alarcón
PURPOSE: Information on precision of treatment-effect estimates is pivotal for understanding research findings. In animal experiments, which provide important information for supporting clinical trials in implant dentistry, inaccurate information may lead to biased clinical trials. The aim of this methodological study was to determine whether sample size calculation, standard errors, and confidence intervals for treatment-effect estimates are reported accurately in publications describing animal experiments in implant dentistry...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536859/tobacco-advertising-and-promotional-expenditures-in-sports-and-sporting-events-united-states-1992-2013
#10
Israel T Agaku, Satomi Odani, Stephanie Sturgis, Charles Harless, Rebecca Glover-Kudon
Smokeless tobacco has been actively promoted by tobacco companies using endorsements by major sport figures, and research indicates that tobacco advertising can lead to youth initiation of tobacco use (1,2). Television and radio advertisements for cigarettes and smokeless tobacco have been prohibited since 1969,* and the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement(†) further prohibited tobacco companies from targeting youths with tobacco product advertisements in specified areas. In 2010, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), under authority of the 2009 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (FSPTCA), prohibited tobacco-brand sponsorship (i...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524900/lisdexamfetamine-in-the-treatment-of-moderate-to-severe-binge-eating-disorder-in-adults-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis-of-publicly-available-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trials
#11
Michele Fornaro, Marco Solmi, Giampaolo Perna, Domenico De Berardis, Nicola Veronese, Laura Orsolini, Licinia Ganança, Brendon Stubbs
BACKGROUND: Preliminary placebo-controlled evidence paved the ground to the US Food and Drug Administration approval extension of lisdexamfetamine for the treatment of moderate-to-severe binge eating disorder (BED) in adults. OBJECTIVES: To provide a preliminary qualitative and quantitative synthesis of the placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trials (RCTs) considering the efficacy and tolerability of lisdexamfetamine in the acute and/or maintenance treatment of moderate-to-severe BED in adults...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457471/impact-of-warfarin-on-atrial-fibrillation-outcomes-related-to-economic-consumption-patterns-hospitalization-cost-and-mortality-may-be-predictable-and-modifiable-at-the-population-level
#12
Michael H Kim, Qiang Cai, Liou Xu, Gary A Puckrein
INTRODUCTION: Warfarin reduces atrial fibrillation (AF)-related strokes and may impact mortality, hospitalizations, and costs. This study investigated the possibility that patterns of warfarin consumption are associated with the frequency of acute events. METHODS: Annual cost profiles of 9.2 million Medicare beneficiaries with AF were analyzed to identify patterns of benefits consumption from 2000 through 2010. Beneficiaries were divided into five consumption clusters based upon their annual cost profiles, ranging from crisis consumers at the high end to low consumers...
September 2016: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402583/registered-randomized-trials-comparing-generic-and-brand-name-drugs-a-survey
#13
Maria Elena Flacco, Lamberto Manzoli, Stefania Boccia, Anna Puggina, Annalisa Rosso, Carolina Marzuillo, Giacomo Scaioli, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Walter Ricciardi, Paolo Villari, John P A Ioannidis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the research agenda of registered randomized trials comparing generic and brand-name drugs in terms of who sponsors them, whether they are published promptly, and whether they find favorable results. METHODS: We included randomized trials comparing the safety or efficacy of brand-name vs generic medications that were registered in ClinicalTrials.gov or other registries from January 1, 2000, through July 31, 2015. To identify published articles or results generated from such trials, we searched PubMed, Scopus, Google, and registry databases...
August 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384209/outsourcing-and-dismantling-of-steady-jobs-at-hospitals
#14
Helton Saragor de Souza, Áquilas Nogueira Mendes
OBJECTIVE: To relate hospitals' organizational structure as the core of a web of outsourced services and flexible employment bonds among healthcare professionals in the context of finance capitalism, analyzing work arrangements based mainly on the type of employment bond. METHOD: Qualitative research through ethnography, interviews, data analysis, and case studies. The case studies were concentrated in 3 hospitals located in the São Paulo metropolitan region under different management types: public administration; outsourced administration via a healthcare social organization (HSO); and private administration...
April 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295813/young-peoples-awareness-and-support-for-tobacco-control-legislation-a-study-among-in-school-youth-in-lagos-nigeria
#15
Oluwakemi Ololade Odukoya, Jacob Obi Chife, Kofoworola A Odeyemi, Genevieve I Nwangwu
BACKGROUND: The increasing awareness of the health risks associated with tobacco use has led many countries to enact tobacco control legislation to protect citizens from the harmful effects of tobacco use. Young people are important stakeholders in many aspects of tobacco control legislation. OBJECTIVE: This study.aims to assess the awareness of existing tobacco control laws among young people, their attitudes towards these laws and the factors associated with youth awareness and support for tobacco control legislation in Nigeria...
July 2015: Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130795/trends-in-disclosures-of-industry-sponsorship
#16
Awad A Ahmed, Emma B Holliday, Mohamad Fakhreddine, Stella K Yoo, Curtiland Deville, Reshma Jagsi
PURPOSE: To examine trends in the reporting of industry funding of oncology trials by primary therapeutic intervention studied: local, targeted, or nontargeted systemic. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We reviewed oncologic trials published in 10 journals for the years 1994, 2004, and 2014 to determine the frequency of declarations of industry funding for cancer research. Logistic modeling was used to assess associations between reported industry funding and investigation characteristics, such as type of primary intervention, cancer site, study endpoint, number of participants, geographic location of corresponding author, journal impact factor, trial phase, and year of publication...
July 15, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128626/the-production-of-corporate-research-to-manufacture-doubt-about-the-health-hazards-of-products-an-overview-of-the-exponent-bakelite%C3%A2-simulation-study
#17
David S Egilman
Although corporate sponsorship of research does not necessarily lead to biased results, in some industries it has resulted in the publication of inaccurate and misleading information. Some companies have hired scientific consulting firms to retrospectively calculate exposures to products that are no longer manufactured or sold. As an example, this paper reviews one such study - a litigation-engendered study of Union Carbide Corporation's asbestos-containing product, Bakelite™. This analysis is based on previously secret documents produced as a result of litigation...
January 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034628/brands-matter-major-findings-from-the-alcohol-brand-research-among-underage-drinkers-abrand-project
#18
Sarah P Roberts, Michael B Siegel, William DeJong, Craig S Ross, Timothy Naimi, Alison Albers, Margie Skeer, David L Rosenbloom, David H Jernigan
BACKGROUND: Alcohol research focused on underage drinkers has not comprehensively assessed the landscape of brand-level drinking behaviors among youth. This information is needed to profile youth alcohol use accurately, explore its antecedents, and develop appropriate interventions. METHODS: We collected national data on the alcohol brand-level consumption of underage drinkers in the United States and then examined the association between those preferences and several factors including youth exposure to brand-specific alcohol advertising, corporate sponsorships, popular music lyrics, and social networking sites, and alcohol pricing...
2016: Addiction Research & Theory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26763810/pharmaceutical-industry-exposure-in-our-hospitals-the-final-frontier
#19
Jessica Dean, Erwin Loh, Justin J Coleman
Despite recent changes in attitudes, most hospitals continue to experience pharmaceutical industry presence. Pharmaceutical industry presence may be necessary and beneficial in the context of sponsorship of clinical trials with appropriate governance. Doctors continue to hold positive attitudes towards market-oriented activities of the pharmaceutical and medical device industries. Despite evidence to the contrary, doctors believe they are able to effectively manage pharmaceutical sales representative interactions such that their own prescribing is not adversely impacted...
January 18, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26639733/evidence-based-pharmacogenetics-is-it-possible
#20
D A Sychev, E U Malova
BACKGROUND: For improving quality, safety and efficiency of care, health systems perform a paradigm change towards personalized medicine, also referred to as genomic medicine. It uses combined knowledge (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics) about a person to predict disease susceptibility, disease prognosis or treatment response and thereby to improve the person's health. The last decade has witnessed a steady embrace of personalized medicine by senior government officials, industry leadership and health care providers [1]...
2015: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
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