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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678705/hypophysitis-due-to-paranasal-sinusitis-a-neurosurgical-perspective-from-the-developing-world
#1
El Faith Bashir El Malik, Branavan Manoranjan, Olufemi Ajani, Ahmed Zidan
BACKGROUND: and Importance: Sinusitis is a common clinical condition but sphenoid sinusitis is a less common form and even rarer is hypophysitis as a complication of the latter. Clinically, hypophysitis may mimic a pituitary neoplasm in presenting with mass effect and pituitary hormone dysfunction. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We present five cases of sinusitis-related hypophysitis treated at the Royal Care International Hospital in Khartoum, Sudan. Clinical symptoms at presentation included: headache, fever, ptosis, ophthalmoplegia and history of sinusitis with running nose (nasal discharge)...
April 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677703/hypoplastic-posterior-mitral-valve-leaflet-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Leili Pourafkari, Aidin Baghbani-Oskouei, Mehrnoush Toufan, Samad Ghaffari, Nader D Nader
Hypoplasia of the mitral leaflets is rarely reported in adults. We reported a 45-year-old man presented to us with palpitation, dyspnea, and severe mitral regurgitation. In echocardiographic examination, an immobile hypoplastic posterior mitral leaflet (PML) was detected. A review of clinical and echocardiographic findings of all reported cases revealed that mitral regurgitation was the most common finding associated with PML hypoplasia/uni-leaflet mitral valve. PML hypoplasia is rare and often an incidental diagnosis during echocardiography, which could be relatively well tolerated since adulthood and carries a good prognosis...
April 20, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675701/incidental-findings-on-hybrid-spect-ct-and-pet-ct-scanners-is-it-time-for-new-training-and-reporting-guidelines
#3
EDITORIAL
Steven Port
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675555/reward-history-but-not-search-history-explains-value-driven-attentional-capture
#4
Janina R Marchner, Claudia Preuschhof
In past years, an extensive amount of research has focused on how past experiences guide future attention. Humans automatically attend to stimuli previously associated with reward and stimuli that have been experienced during visual search, even when it is disadvantageous in present situations. Recently, the relationship between "reward history" and "search history" has been discussed critically. We review results from research on value-driven attentional capture (VDAC) with a focus on these two experience-based attentional selection processes and their distinction...
April 19, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675279/bilateral-diffuse-and-cluster-pigment-epithelial-detachment-associated-with-diffuse-proliferative-glomerulonephritis
#5
Heshmatollah Ghanbari, Alireza Dehghani, Mohsen Pourazizi
Retinal pigment epithelium detachment (PED) is an area of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) elevation with minimal or no sensory retinal detachment resulting from the accumulation of sub-RPE fluid. There are many etiological factors that lead to the development of PED. PED may be observed as an isolated finding or in association with ocular and systemic conditions. In this case we report a 23-year-old male with bilateral cluster PED associated with diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis (DPGN). The importance of current report is that development of PED and DPGN is more than a simple incidental event...
2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669372/-congenital-simple-hamartoma-of-the-retinal-pigment-epithelium
#6
Veit Sturm, Josef Guber, Marcio Silva, Jan Heckmann, Claudia Zawinka
BACKGROUND: Congenital simple hamartoma of the retinal pigment epithelium (CSHRPE) is an uncommon benign lesion with characteristic clinical features. Ophthalmoscopically it appears as a small localized, well circumscribed, pigmented tumor in the foveal region. In contrast to the more common flat congenital hypertrophy of the RPE the CSHRPE has an elevated nodular appearance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective case series of three patients with CSHRPE. Clinical morphological features using different imaging techniques are presented...
April 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668640/sclerosing-thymoma-a-rare-case-report-and-brief-review-of-literature
#7
Xin Li, Meng Wang, Daqiang Sun
RATIONALE: Sclerosing thymoma is an extremely rare mediastinal neoplasm; it was recognized for the first time in 1994 and to date only 15 cases have been reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: The present study report a case of a 65-year-old man who was incidentally found to have an anterior mediastinal nodule, without clinical symptoms including fever, chest pain, and myasthenia gravis. DIAGNOSES: The chest computed tomography (CT) revealed the nodule was 4...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667024/double-baltazar-procedure-for-repair-of-gastric-leakage-post-sleeve-gastrectomy-from-two-sites-case-report-of-new-surgical-technique
#8
Hussein Mcheimeche, Samer H Dbouk, Riad Saheli, Dany Lichaa, Louai S Chalaby
BACKGROUND: Staple line leak is one of the most challenging complications following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, with a rate reaching near 1%. Its management often implicates a multidisciplinary approach and experienced bariatric and metabolic surgeons. The literature is abundant on various approaches to treat single staple line leak with variable results. But what to do in front of an intra-op incidental finding of double gastric fistulae? METHODS: In this article, we describe a new successful surgical treatment option of double Baltazar technique for a patient who was found to have two gastric fistulae post-sleeve gastrectomy...
April 18, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666719/endoscopic-treatment-of-colonic-duplication-cyst-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Rajat Garg, Louis D Saravolatz, Mohammed Barawi
Colonic duplication cysts are a rare congenital abnormality commonly presenting before two years of age. In adults, it has been rarely reported, most often as an incidental finding. We report a case of 42-year-old female complaining of constipation and lower abdominal pain. Patient's CT scan of the abdomen showed a cystic lesion at hepatic flexure and the diagnosis was confirmed endoscopically using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). The cyst was treated employing hot snare to expose the cyst cavity. On our literature search, there have been no reported cases of colonic duplication cyst treated endoscopically...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665752/histopathologic-findings-in-canine-pituitary-glands
#10
Margaret A Miller, David S Bruyette, J Catharine Scott-Moncrieff, Tina Jo Owen, José A Ramos-Vara, Hsin-Yi Weng, Andrea L Vanderpool, Annie V Chen, Linda G Martin, Deidre M DuSold, Sina Jahan
To optimize the histologic evaluation of hypophysectomy specimens, sections of 207 canine pituitary glands (196 postmortem, 11 hypophysectomy specimens) were reviewed. Adenohypophyseal proliferation was the most common (n = 79) lesion. Proliferative lesions were sparsely to densely granulated; the granules were usually basophilic to chromophobic and periodic acid-Schiff-positive. Adenohypophyseal proliferation was classified as hyperplasia (n = 40) if ≤2 mm diameter with intact reticulin network, as microadenoma (n = 22) for 1-5 mm homogeneous nodules with lost reticulin network, or as macroadenoma (n = 17) for larger tumors...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665710/significance-of-incidental-intra-articular-and-peri-articular-fdg-avid-foci-on-pet-ct
#11
Wayne B Cohen-Levy, Juan Pretell-Mazzini, Adam D Singer, Ty Subhawong, Dylan N Greif, Jean Jose
Background Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is a useful imaging adjunct in patients with sarcoma. Intra-articular and peri-articular 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) avid lesions are often discovered incidentally. Purpose To describe the etiology, appearance, and standardized uptake values (SUV) of incidentally detected FDG avid intra-articular and peri-articular foci in patients with sarcoma. Material and Methods The institutional sarcoma database between November 2011 and November 2016 was retrospectively reviewed...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665308/calcified-cerebral-emboli-incidence-and-implications
#12
Miguel Bardon, Julian Hanson, Bill O'Brien, Adil Naeem
INTRODUCTION: Calcified cerebral emboli are an increasingly recognized cause of ischaemic stroke, although recognition amongst general radiologists and clinicians can be limited. Recent literature suggests that calcified cerebral emboli are likely more common than originally thought. This study aims to define the prevalence of calcified cerebral emboli as the most likely aetiology within a cohort of confirmed cases of acute stroke, as well as compare and contrast these cases with cases of 'incidental' intracranial calcification...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664842/incidental-thoracic-findings-on-routine-computed-tomography-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#13
Bobby D OʼLeary, Teresa Treacy, Tony Geoghegan, Tom A Walsh, William D Boyd, Donal J Brennan
INTRODUCTION: Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is routinely used in the surveillance of epithelial ovarian cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of thoracic findings on routine MDCT surveillance imaging in patients with ovarian carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of 100 MDCT studies of patients with a diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer was performed at a university teaching hospital. The cross-sectional studies were reviewed by a consultant radiologist with subspeciality training in cross-sectional imaging...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663145/successful-treatment-of-a-diffuse-type-tenosynovial-giant-cell-tumor-in-the-thoracic-spine-mimicking-spinal-metastasis-by-frozen-recapping-laminoplasty-in-a-patient-with-thyroid-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Noritaka Yonezawa, Hideki Murakami, Satoshi Kato, Hiroyuki Hayashi, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
PURPOSE: Tenosynovial giant cell tumor of the diffuse type (TGCT-D) involving the spine is rare. Its differential diagnosis includes metastatic disease; however, there have been few reports of spinal TGCT-D mimicking spinal metastasis in patients with a history of malignancy. METHODS: We report on a 35-year-old woman with a history of papillary thyroid cancer who was diagnosed with TGCT-D of the thoracic spine mimicking spinal metastasis. Preoperative computed tomography (CT) revealed a 1...
April 16, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662968/adnexal-masses-or-perineural-tarlov-cysts-differentiation-by-imaging-techniques-a-case-report
#15
Firoozeh Ahmadi, Farnaz Akhbari
Background: Perineural cysts formed within the nerve-root sheath at the dorsal root ganglion. They are most commonly located in the arachnoid covering the junction of the dorsal ganglion and nerve root. They are usually asymptomatic, incidental findings, usually located in the lumbar and sacral region of the spinal canal. It is important to consolidate the imaging findings of this rare disease so clinicians can become more clinically relevant in the evaluation of these cysts. Case: Herein we report a case of perineural cyst misdiagnosed with hydrosalpinx by pelvic ultrasonography and finally diagnosed with magnetic resonance image...
September 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659016/effects-of-attention-during-encoding-on-sex-differences-in-object-location-memory
#16
Efrat Barel
Attention plays a key role in memory processes and has been widely studied in various memory tasks. The role of attention in sex differences in object location memory is not clearly understood. In the present study, two experiments involving 186 participants and using an object array presented on paper were conducted to examine two encoding conditions: incidental and intentional. In each experiment, the participants were randomly assigned to divided versus full attention conditions. In the first experiment, which involved incidental encoding, women outperformed men in memorising location-exchanged objects in both the full and in the divided attention condition...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657941/investigation-of-frequency-distribution-of-breast-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-birads-classification-and-epidemiological-factors-related-to-breast-cancer-in-iran-a-7-year-study-2010-2016
#17
Mehri Sirous, Parisa Sotoodeh Shahnani, Amirmasoud Sirous
Background: The first cause of women mortality due to cancer is breast cancer. Mammography plays a central part in early detection of breast cancers. The screening methods can play a major role to reduce the morbidity and mortality rate due to this malignancy. We sought the basic data in this study on our population because knowing about the baseline data is apt and vital. Materials and Methods: In this study, data were collected from a questionnaire, contained baseline bio data information, and mammographic imaging of the patients came during 7 years...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657702/rectal-leiomyoma-a-rare-entity
#18
Tagore Sunkara, Eric Omar Then, Andrea Culliford, Vinaya Gaduputi
Rectal tumors are often encountered as an incidental finding on screening colonoscopy. As per the World Health Organization, they are categorized according to their histologic appearance. These include epithelial tumors, mesenchymal tumors and lymphomas. Of interest, in our case, are mesenchymal tumors. These are sub-classified into leiomyomas and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Our case is a 33-year old male who was diagnosed with a rectal leiomyoma. The uncommon incidence and subsequent management of a rectal leiomyoma in a male, make this case worthy for literature review...
March 28, 2018: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655499/genetic-testing-in-clinical-settings
#19
Nora Franceschini, Amber Frick, Jeffrey B Kopp
Genetic testing is used for screening, diagnosis, and prognosis of diseases consistent with a genetic cause and to guide drug therapy to improve drug efficacy and avoid adverse effects (pharmacogenomics). This In Practice review aims to inform about DNA-related genetic test availability, interpretation, and recommended clinical actions based on results using evidence from clinical guidelines, when available. We discuss challenges that limit the widespread use of genetic information in the clinical care setting, including a small number of actionable genetic variants with strong evidence of clinical validity and utility, and the need for improving the health literacy of health care providers and the public, including for direct-to-consumer tests...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651829/incidental-finding-of-an-xq-microdeletion-in-a-girl-with-trichorhinophalangeal-syndrome-type-i-harboring-a-novel-trps1-nonsense-mutation
#20
Giulia Pascolini, Michele Valiante, Silvia Majore, Filomena Cariola, Luigi Laino, Mauro Calvani, Paola Grammatico
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
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