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Firearm injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100939/management-of-liver-trauma-in-minia-university-hospital-egypt
#1
Abdel Fattah Saleh, Emad Al Sageer, Amr Elheny
The aim of this study is to present the outcome of operative and non-operative management of patients with liver injury treated in a single institution depending on imaging. This study was conducted at the Causality Unit of Minia University Hospital, and included 60 patients with hepatic trauma from March 2012 to January 2013. In our study, males represent 80 % while females represent 20 % of the traumatized patients. The peak age for trauma found was 11-30 years. Blunt trauma is the most common cause of liver injury as it was the cause in 48 patients (80 %)...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072893/a-pediatric-application-of-the-strac-regional-hospital-trauma-registry-database-pediatric-trauma-deaths-in-south-central-texas-during-2004-2013
#2
Michelle Buehner, Jay Aden, Mathew Borgman, Preston Love, Brandi Wright, Mary Edwards
The purpose of this study was to define the demographics of pediatric traumatic injuries and to understand the predictive value of injury type, prehospital, and emergency department (ED) data regarding the mortality of pediatric trauma patients (<14 years of age) in South Central Texas. We report a retrospective review of pediatric trauma patients presenting to Trauma Service Area P in South Central Texas during 2004-2013. The primary outcome was mortality; secondary outcomes were ventilator days, hospital days, and intensive care unit stay...
January 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055064/association-of-drug-and-alcohol-use-with-adolescent-firearm-homicide-at-individual-family-and-neighborhood-levels
#3
Bernadette C Hohl, Shari Wiley, Douglas J Wiebe, Alison J Culyba, Rebecca Drake, Charles C Branas
Importance: Homicide is the third leading cause of death for adolescents in the United States and the leading cause of death for adolescents who are African American. Large cities have disproportionate homicide rates. Objective: To determine the relationships between exposures to drugs and alcohol at the individual, family, and neighborhood levels and adolescent firearm homicide and to inform new approaches to preventing firearm violence. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population-based case-control study from January 2010 to December 2012 of all 13- to 20-year-olds who were homicide victims in Philadelphia during the study period matched to randomly selected 13- to 20-year-old controls from the general population...
January 3, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041607/firearm-injuries-in-a-pediatric-population-african-american-adolescents-continue-to-carry-the-heavy-burden
#4
M Bachier-Rodriguez, J Freeman, A Feliz
BACKGROUND: Firearm injuries have the highest case-fatality rate among pediatric trauma related deaths. We sought to determine whether demographics, mechanism of injury, and outcomes were age specific. METHODS: We performed a 5 year retrospective analysis of patients 0-19 years old with firearm related injuries. Children were divided into two cohorts based on age. Mann-Whitney and Pearson's X(2) were used to compare continuous and categorical variables, respectively...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998625/a-consensus-driven-agenda-for-emergency-medicine-firearm-injury-prevention-research
#5
Megan L Ranney, Jonathan Fletcher, Harrison Alter, Christopher Barsotti, Vikhyat S Bebarta, Marian E Betz, Patrick M Carter, Magdalena Cerdá, Rebecca M Cunningham, Peter Crane, Jahan Fahimi, Matthew J Miller, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Jody A Vogel, Garen J Wintemute, Manish N Shah, Muhammad Waseem
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To identify critical emergency medicine-focused firearm injury research questions and develop an evidence-based research agenda. METHODS: National content experts were recruited to a technical advisory group for the American College of Emergency Physicians Research Committee. Nominal group technique was used to identify research questions by consensus. The technical advisory group decided to focus on 5 widely accepted categorizations of firearm injury...
December 17, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923800/school-shootings-during-2013-2015-in-the-usa
#6
Bindu Kalesan, Kinan Lagast, Marcos Villarreal, Elizabeth Pino, Jeffrey Fagan, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Data on the factors associated with school shootings in the USA are limited. The public conversation has often suggested several factors that may be linked to these events, however with little empirical support. Aiming to fill this gap, we describe the characteristics of school shooting incidents in the USA between 2013 and 2015 and explore whether four factors that represent domains of firearm policy, educational policy and epidemiological risk factors for intentional firearm injuries-background check (BC) policies, per capita mental health expenditures (MHE), K-12 education expenditure (KEE) and urbanicity-were associated with school shootings during this period...
December 6, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916723/surgical-treatment-of-metallic-foreign-body-embolization-in-the-middle-cerebral-artery-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Chuan Chen, Bo Hou, Lun Luo, Guo Ying
BACKGROUND: Intracranial artery embolization cases caused by foreign bodies are extremely rare clinically. Twenty-four cases in total have been reported in the literature; among them, 20 cases were caused by firearms, and only 4 cases originated from nonfirearm injuries in daily life. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a fifth case of foreign body embolization in the cerebral artery caused by nonfirearm injuries. We used microsurgery and successfully removed the metal piece that embolized the middle cerebral artery of a 30-year-old male patient in our center...
December 1, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906854/a-bullet-lying-next-to-the-common-carotid-artery-in-the-neck-of-a-young-boy
#8
Gülpembe Bozkurt, Meltem Esen Akpinar, Özlem Ünsal, Berna Uslu Coşkun
Penetrating neck trauma is most commonly caused by firearm discharge, and is potentially very dangerous, being associated with a high risk of mortality. A 12-year-old patient with a recent history of a gunshot wound to the neck was evaluated in detail; a bullet was located in close proximity to the left common carotid artery. Neck exploration was performed and the foreign body was removed without any complications. The management of the patient is discussed, as are contemporary approaches to the treatment of penetrating neck trauma...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891354/emerging-trends-of-intentional-firearm-injuries-in-northern-india-a-study
#9
Iram Khan, Mohammad Shakeel, Jawed Ahmad Usmani, Syed Abrar Hasan
INTRODUCTION: Many developing countries are facing rise in firearm injury cases owing to communal and ethnic clashes, political violence, armed robberies and suicide causing huge economic loss to society. On the basis of intention, injuries can be categorized as intentional and unintentional or accidental injuries. Intentional injuries will include suicidal, homicidal and assault related injuries. AIM: This study was undertaken to document the trends and patterns associated with intentional firearm injuries in order to suggest ways to curb the emerging trends...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890139/toward-a-taxonomy-of-the-unintentional-discharge-of-firearms-in-law-enforcement
#10
John O'Neill, Dawn A O'Neill, William J Lewinski
An unintentional discharge (UD) is an activation of the trigger mechanism that results in an unplanned discharge that is outside of the firearm's prescribed use. UDs can result in injury or death, yet have been understudied in scientific literature. Pre-existing (1974-2015) UD reports (N = 137) from seven law enforcement agencies in the United States of America were analyzed by context, officer behavior, type of firearm, and injuries. Over 50% of UDs occurred in contexts with low threat potential while engaged in routine firearm tasks...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884333/c-spine-injury-and-mandibular-fractures-lifesaver-broken-in-two-spots
#11
Michael W Chu, Tahereh Soleimani, Tyler A Evans, Sarah I Fernandez, Leigh Spera, Carrie Klene, Ben L Zarzaur, Sunil S Tholpady
BACKGROUND: Trauma is a leading cause of injury and mortality and may involve mandibular fractures and cervical spine injuries. Manipulation of the spine during trauma protocols and operative treatment has the potential to cause serious spinal cord injuries. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors associated with cervical spine injury (CSI) in patients with mandibular fractures. METHODS: The National Trauma Databank (2007-2010) was used to identify patients with mandibular fractures...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871133/civilian-cerebral-gunshot-wounds-a-south-african-experience
#12
Victor Kong, Jocinta Odendaal, Benn Sartorius, Damian Clarke, Petra Brysiewicz, Ellen Jerome, John Bruce, Grant Laing
BACKGROUND: Cerebral gunshot wounds represent one of the most lethal forms of traumatic brain injury, but there is a paucity of literature on the topic, especially from the developing world. We reviewed our experience and describe the spectrum and outcome of civilian cerebral gunshot wounds in a major metropolitan trauma centre in South Africa. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all patients with isolated cerebral gunshot wounds managed by the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service over a 5-year period from 2010 to 2014...
November 21, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869931/-descriptive-study-of-the-profiles-of-victims-of-firearm-projectile-injuries-and-healthcare-costs-in-a-hospital-in-the-viva-sentinela-network
#13
Paulo Roberto Maciel, Marta Rovery de Souza, Claci Fátima Weirich Rosso
OBJECTIVE: to describe the profile of victims with injuries caused by firearm projectiles and the cost of treatment at a referral hospital in Midwestern Brazil belonging to the Viva Sentinela Network. METHODS: a descriptive study with convenience samplie was conducted from January to March 2013; data sources were interviews, patients' medical records, and the hospital statistics department. RESULTS: the 150 victims who participated were predominantly male (94...
July 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850135/495-firearm-injuries-in-children-in-the-usa-a-persistent-pervasive-public-health-issue
#14
Veerajalandhar Allareddy, Sankeerth Rampa, Romesh Nalliah, Min Kyeong Lee, Marcelo Auslender, Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Alexandre Rotta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808033/trends-in-weapon-related-injuries-from-violence-in-odense-municipality-denmark-1991-2009
#15
Stefan Møller Luef, Jens Martin Lauritsen, Christian Faergemann
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the development in incidence rates and the severity of weapon-related physical interpersonal violence in Odense Municipality, Denmark from 1991 to 2009. METHODS: All victims of physical interpersonal violence with weapon-related injuries treated at the Emergency Department in the 1991-2009 period at Odense University Hospital, Denmark, and/or subjected to medico-legal autopsy at the Institute of Forensic Medicine in the 1991-2009 period at the University of Southern Denmark were included...
November 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782938/examination-of-ricochet-gunshot-wounds-from-commonly-encountered-surfaces
#16
Leigh Hlavaty, Sarah Avedschmidt, Kelly Root, Jeffrey Amley, LokMan Sung
Proper interpretation of gunshot wounds is vital for the forensic pathologist and requires experience and expertise, as well as consultation with a firearms and ballistics expert and careful scene investigation in cases of atypical gunshot wounds. This study is the first large-series examining ricochet gunshot wounds involving different firearm calibers. Typical gunshot wounds created from 4 handgun calibers (22 Long Rifle, 9 × 19 mm Parabellum, .40 Smith &Wesson, and .45 Automatic Colt Pistol) and 2 rifle calibers (5...
December 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764751/forensic-examination-after-exhumation-contribution-and-difficulties-after-more-than-thirty-years-of-burial
#17
Y Nouma, W Ben Amar, M Zribi, S Bardaa, Z Hammami, S Maatoug
We report a case of a Tunisian footballer who was found dead abroad under suspicious circumstances. The cause of death was, originally, attributed to a lightning strike. The corpse was buried without/autopsy. Over thirty years later, the family requested the exhumation to verify the identity and the cause of death. The exhumation was performed in 2011. DNA profiling from teeth and femur bone samples confirmed the identity of the deceased. The dry bone study revealed defects in the skull and the pelvis evoking firearm injuries...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750331/firearm-injury-in-the-united-states-effective-management-must-address-biophysical-and-biopsychosocial-factors
#18
Stephen Hargarten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750282/violence-perpetration-among-patients-hospitalized-for-unintentional-and-assault-related-firearm-injury-a-case-control-study-and-a-cohort-study
#19
Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Mary D Fan, Joseph A Simonetti, Vivian H Lyons, Jin Wang, Douglas Zatzick, Frederick P Rivara
Background: Hospital-based violence intervention programs typically focus on patients whose firearm injury occurred through interpersonal violence (assault). Knowledge of violence perpetration by victims of unintentional (accidental) firearm injury is limited. Objective: To examine violence perpetration before and after a patient becomes hospitalized for firearm injury according to injury intent (intentional [assault] or unintentional [accidental]). Design: A case-control study and a retrospective cohort study...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747743/utility-of-a-near-real-time-emergency-department-syndromic-surveillance-system-to-track-injuries-in-new-york-city
#20
Kacie Seil, Jennifer Marcum, Ramona Lall, Catherine Stayton
BACKGROUND: The New York City emergency department (ED) syndromic surveillance (SS) system provides near real-time data on the majority of ED visits. The utility of ED SS for injury surveillance has not been thoroughly evaluated. We created injury syndromes based on ED chief complaint information and evaluated their utility compared to administrative billing data. METHODS: Six injury syndromes were developed: traffic-related injuries to pedal cyclists, pedestrians, and motor vehicle occupants; fall-related injuries; firearm-related injuries; and assault-related stabbings...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
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