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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916723/surgical-treatment-of-metallic-foreign-body-embolization-in-the-middle-cerebral-artery-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Chuan Chen, Bo Hou, Lun Luo, Ying Guo
Intracranial artery embolization cases caused by foreign bodies are extremely clinically rare. Twenty-four cases in total have been reported in the literature; among them, 20 cases were caused by firearms, and only four cases originated from non-firearm injuries in daily life. Here, we report a fifth case of foreign body embolization in the cerebral artery caused by non-firearm injuries. We used microsurgery and successfully removed the metal piece that embolized the middle cerebral artery of a 30-year-old male patient in our center...
December 1, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906854/a-bullet-lying-next-to-the-common-carotid-artery-in-the-neck-of-a-young-boy
#2
Gülpembe Bozkurt, Meltem Esen Akpinar, Özlem Ünsal, Berna Uslu Coşkun
Penetrating neck trauma is most commonly caused by firearm discharge, and is potentially very dangerous, being associated with a high risk of mortality. A 12-year-old patient with a recent history of a gunshot wound to the neck was evaluated in detail; a bullet was located in close proximity to the left common carotid artery. Neck exploration was performed and the foreign body was removed without any complications. The management of the patient is discussed, as are contemporary approaches to the treatment of penetrating neck trauma...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891354/emerging-trends-of-intentional-firearm-injuries-in-northern-india-a-study
#3
Iram Khan, Mohammad Shakeel, Jawed Ahmad Usmani, Syed Abrar Hasan
INTRODUCTION: Many developing countries are facing rise in firearm injury cases owing to communal and ethnic clashes, political violence, armed robberies and suicide causing huge economic loss to society. On the basis of intention, injuries can be categorized as intentional and unintentional or accidental injuries. Intentional injuries will include suicidal, homicidal and assault related injuries. AIM: This study was undertaken to document the trends and patterns associated with intentional firearm injuries in order to suggest ways to curb the emerging trends...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890139/toward-a-taxonomy-of-the-unintentional-discharge-of-firearms-in-law-enforcement
#4
John O'Neill, Dawn A O'Neill, William J Lewinski
An unintentional discharge (UD) is an activation of the trigger mechanism that results in an unplanned discharge that is outside of the firearm's prescribed use. UDs can result in injury or death, yet have been understudied in scientific literature. Pre-existing (1974-2015) UD reports (N = 137) from seven law enforcement agencies in the United States of America were analyzed by context, officer behavior, type of firearm, and injuries. Over 50% of UDs occurred in contexts with low threat potential while engaged in routine firearm tasks...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884333/c-spine-injury-and-mandibular-fractures-lifesaver-broken-in-two-spots
#5
Michael W Chu, Tahereh Soleimani, Tyler A Evans, Sarah I Fernandez, Leigh Spera, Carrie Klene, Ben L Zarzaur, Sunil S Tholpady
BACKGROUND: Trauma is a leading cause of injury and mortality and may involve mandibular fractures and cervical spine injuries. Manipulation of the spine during trauma protocols and operative treatment has the potential to cause serious spinal cord injuries. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors associated with cervical spine injury (CSI) in patients with mandibular fractures. METHODS: The National Trauma Databank (2007-2010) was used to identify patients with mandibular fractures...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871133/civilian-cerebral-gunshot-wounds-a-south-african-experience
#6
Victor Kong, Jocinta Odendaal, Benn Sartorius, Damian Clarke, Petra Brysiewicz, Ellen Jerome, John Bruce, Grant Laing
BACKGROUND: Cerebral gunshot wounds represent one of the most lethal forms of traumatic brain injury, but there is a paucity of literature on the topic, especially from the developing world. We reviewed our experience and describe the spectrum and outcome of civilian cerebral gunshot wounds in a major metropolitan trauma centre in South Africa. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all patients with isolated cerebral gunshot wounds managed by the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service over a 5-year period from 2010 to 2014...
November 21, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869931/-descriptive-study-of-the-profiles-of-victims-of-firearm-projectile-injuries-and-healthcare-costs-in-a-hospital-in-the-viva-sentinela-network
#7
Paulo Roberto Maciel, Marta Rovery de Souza, Claci Fátima Weirich Rosso
OBJECTIVE: to describe the profile of victims with injuries caused by firearm projectiles and the cost of treatment at a referral hospital in Midwestern Brazil belonging to the Viva Sentinela Network. METHODS: a descriptive study with convenience samplie was conducted from January to March 2013; data sources were interviews, patients' medical records, and the hospital statistics department. RESULTS: the 150 victims who participated were predominantly male (94...
July 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850135/495-firearm-injuries-in-children-in-the-usa-a-persistent-pervasive-public-health-issue
#8
Veerajalandhar Allareddy, Sankeerth Rampa, Romesh Nalliah, Min Kyeong Lee, Marcelo Auslender, Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Alexandre Rotta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808033/trends-in-weapon-related-injuries-from-violence-in-odense-municipality-denmark-1991-2009
#9
Stefan Møller Luef, Jens Martin Lauritsen, Christian Faergemann
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the development in incidence rates and the severity of weapon-related physical interpersonal violence in Odense Municipality, Denmark from 1991 to 2009. METHODS: All victims of physical interpersonal violence with weapon-related injuries treated at the Emergency Department in the 1991-2009 period at Odense University Hospital, Denmark, and/or subjected to medico-legal autopsy at the Institute of Forensic Medicine in the 1991-2009 period at the University of Southern Denmark were included...
November 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782938/examination-of-ricochet-gunshot-wounds-from-commonly-encountered-surfaces
#10
Leigh Hlavaty, Sarah Avedschmidt, Kelly Root, Jeffrey Amley, LokMan Sung
Proper interpretation of gunshot wounds is vital for the forensic pathologist and requires experience and expertise, as well as consultation with a firearms and ballistics expert and careful scene investigation in cases of atypical gunshot wounds. This study is the first large-series examining ricochet gunshot wounds involving different firearm calibers. Typical gunshot wounds created from 4 handgun calibers (22 Long Rifle, 9 × 19 mm Parabellum, .40 Smith &Wesson, and .45 Automatic Colt Pistol) and 2 rifle calibers (5...
December 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764751/forensic-examination-after-exhumation-contribution-and-difficulties-after-more-than-thirty-years-of-burial
#11
Y Nouma, W Ben Amar, M Zribi, S Bardaa, Z Hammami, S Maatoug
We report a case of a Tunisian footballer who was found dead abroad under suspicious circumstances. The cause of death was, originally, attributed to a lightning strike. The corpse was buried without/autopsy. Over thirty years later, the family requested the exhumation to verify the identity and the cause of death. The exhumation was performed in 2011. DNA profiling from teeth and femur bone samples confirmed the identity of the deceased. The dry bone study revealed defects in the skull and the pelvis evoking firearm injuries...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750331/firearm-injury-in-the-united-states-effective-management-must-address-biophysical-and-biopsychosocial-factors
#12
Stephen Hargarten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750282/violence-perpetration-among-patients-hospitalized-for-unintentional-and-assault-related-firearm-injury-a-case-control-study-and-a-cohort-study
#13
Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Mary D Fan, Joseph A Simonetti, Vivian H Lyons, Jin Wang, Douglas Zatzick, Frederick P Rivara
Background: Hospital-based violence intervention programs typically focus on patients whose firearm injury occurred through interpersonal violence (assault). Knowledge of violence perpetration by victims of unintentional (accidental) firearm injury is limited. Objective: To examine violence perpetration before and after a patient becomes hospitalized for firearm injury according to injury intent (intentional [assault] or unintentional [accidental]). Design: A case-control study and a retrospective cohort study...
October 18, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747743/utility-of-a-near-real-time-emergency-department-syndromic-surveillance-system-to-track-injuries-in-new-york-city
#14
Kacie Seil, Jennifer Marcum, Ramona Lall, Catherine Stayton
BACKGROUND: The New York City emergency department (ED) syndromic surveillance (SS) system provides near real-time data on the majority of ED visits. The utility of ED SS for injury surveillance has not been thoroughly evaluated. We created injury syndromes based on ED chief complaint information and evaluated their utility compared to administrative billing data. METHODS: Six injury syndromes were developed: traffic-related injuries to pedal cyclists, pedestrians, and motor vehicle occupants; fall-related injuries; firearm-related injuries; and assault-related stabbings...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747539/risk-factors-associated-with-legal-interventions
#15
Alfreda Holloway-Beth, Linda Forst, Julia Lippert, Sherry Brandt-Rauf, Sally Freels, Lee Friedman
BACKGROUND: Current research regarding injuries caused during interactions between police officers and civilians is conducted intermittently or on a very narrow sample frame which provides very little clinical information about the injuries suffered or the adverse outcomes. The aim of this study is to identify comorbid risk factors and describe acute outcomes of medically treated traumatic injuries occurring as a result of contact with law enforcement personnel. METHODS: For this retrospective study, patients injured as a result of contact with law enforcement personnel were identified using ICD-9 external cause of injury codes from medical record databases of patients treated in all hospitals and trauma units in Illinois between 2000 and 2009...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745611/previous-suicide-attempt-and-its-association-with-method-used-in-a-suicide-death
#16
Ethan C Jamison, Kirk A Bol
INTRODUCTION: Non-fatal suicide attempts are a risk factor for suicide, but less is known about its effect on the method of injury used in an eventual suicide death. This study examines the association between history of non-fatal suicide attempt and the risk of a poisoning suicide versus firearm or hanging suicide in Colorado. METHODS: Nine years (2004-2012, N=7,020) of suicide deaths in Colorado were compiled through the National Violent Death Reporting System...
November 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743624/the-american-college-of-preventive-medicine-policy-recommendations-on-reducing-and-preventing-firearm-related-injuries-and-deaths
#17
Bethany L Strong, Sarah-Blythe Ballard, Wendy Braund
The American College of Preventive Medicine Policy Committee makes policy guidelines and recommendations on preventive medicine and public health topics for public health decision makers. After a review of the current evidence available in 2016, the College is providing a consensus-based set of policy recommendations designed to reduce firearm-related morbidity and mortality in the U.S. These guidelines address seven general areas pertaining to the public health threat posed by firearms: gun sales and background checks, assault weapons and high-capacity weapons, mental health, research funding, gun storage laws, and physician counseling...
December 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742157/sentinel-events-preceding-youth-firearm-violence-an-investigation-of-administrative-data-in-delaware
#18
Steven A Sumner, Matthew J Maenner, Christina M Socias, James A Mercy, Paul Silverman, Sandra P Medinilla, Steven S Martin, Likang Xu, Susan D Hillis
INTRODUCTION: Accurately identifying youth at highest risk of firearm violence involvement could permit delivery of focused, comprehensive prevention services. This study explored whether readily available city and state administrative data covering life events before youth firearm violence could elucidate patterns preceding such violence. METHODS: Four hundred twenty-one individuals arrested for homicide, attempted homicide, aggravated assault, or robbery with a firearm committed in Wilmington, Delaware, from January 1, 2009 to May 21, 2014, were matched 1:3 to 1,259 Wilmington resident controls on birth year and sex...
September 8, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738141/the-nature-of-bias-crime-injuries-a-comparative-analysis-of-physical-and-psychological-victimization-effects
#19
Matthew D Fetzer, Frank S Pezzella
The core justification of bias crime statutes concerns whether bias-motivated crimes are qualitatively different from otherwise motivated crimes. We test the hypothesis that bias crimes are more detrimental than non-bias crimes by testing for multi-dimensional injuries to victims of bias and non-bias-motivated criminal conduct. Using National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) Extract 2013 Collection Year Incident-level Extract File, we analyzed physical injuries and psychological trauma to NCVS victims during 2013...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720241/firearm-injury-prevention-in-clinical-practice-staying-on-message
#20
M Denise Dowd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
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