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Firearm injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766128/a-multi-decade-joinpoint-analysis-of-firearm-injury-severity
#1
Bindu Kalesan, Yi Zuo, Ziming Xuan, Michael B Siegel, Jeffrey Fagan, Charles Branas, Sandro Galea
Background: Non-fatal firearm injuries constitute approximately 70% of all firearm trauma injuries in the United States. Patterns of severity of these injuries are poorly understood. We analyzed the overall, age-, sex- and intent-specific temporal trends in the injury severity of firearm hospitalizations from 1993 to 2014. Methods: We assessed temporal trends in the severity of patients hospitalized for firearm using Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) data over a 22 year period...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763533/assessing-risk-for-future-firearms-violence-in-young-people-who-present-to-ed
#2
(no author information available yet)
A new clinical index tool designed specifically for the emergency environment predicts the risk for future firearms violence in young people 14-24 years of age. The approach employs a brief, 10-point instrument that can be administered in one to two minutes, according to investigators. They also note that while the tool is based on data from a single ED in Flint, Ml, the tool should be applicable to urban EDs in regions that have similar characteristics. To create the tool, investigators used data from the Flint Youth Injury Study, an investigation of a group of patients 14-24 years of age who reported using drugs in the previous six months and accessed care at a Level I trauma center...
June 2017: ED Management: the Monthly Update on Emergency Department Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747046/comparison-of-porcine-organs-and-commonly-used-ballistic-simulants-when-subjected-to-impact-from-steel-spheres-fired-at-supersonic-velocities
#3
Caitlin Humphrey, Maciej Henneberg, Christian Wachsberger, Jaliya Kumaratilake
Firearm injuries are common in the world today, in both military and civilian settings. Research into the effects different ammunition has on the human body has been conducted using tissue simulants such as Ballistics Ordnance Gelatine. Previous research has found that with low velocity projectiles, the tissue simulants only represent a selected few organs, as the human body and its organs/tissues are not homogeneous. The aim of this research was to determine which ballistic simulants best represent the abdomen and thorax, for the purposes of anatomical modelling...
April 25, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745263/school-based-and-community-based-gun-safety-educational-strategies-for-injury-prevention
#4
Cheryl Holly, Sallie Porter, Mary Kamienski, Aubrianne Lim
BACKGROUND: Nearly 1,300 children in the United States die because of firearm-related injury each year and another 5,790 survive gunshot wounds, making the prevention of firearm-related unintentional injury to children of vital importance to families, health professionals, and policy makers. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence on school-based and community-based gun safety programs for children aged 3 to 18 years. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744717/closer-to-guns-the-role-of-street-gangs-in-facilitating-access-to-illegal-firearms
#5
Elizabeth Roberto, Anthony A Braga, Andrew V Papachristos
Criminal offenders often turn to social networks to gain access to firearms, yet we know little about how networks facilitate access to firearms. This study conducts a network analysis of a co-offending network for the City of Chicago to determine how close any offender may be to a firearm. We use arrest data to recreate the co-offending network of all individuals who were arrested with at least one other person over an eight-year period. We then use data on guns recovered by the police to measure potential network pathways of any individual to known firearms...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729771/in-harm-s-way-unintentional-firearm-injuries-in-young-children
#6
Andrew Nordin, Alan Coleman, Junxin Shi, Krista Wheeler, Henry Xiang, Brian Kenney
PURPOSE: Firearm-related trauma represents a major source of preventable injury and death. Many firearm injuries in young children are unintentional, and the true incidence may be underestimated. We sought to characterize the morbidity of unintentional firearm injuries. METHODS: National Trauma Data Bank data from 2007 to 2014 was obtained for patients aged 0-14 sustaining gunshot wounds (GSW). We analyzed demographics, injury severity score, hospital and ICU length of stay (LOS), ventilator days, discharge to rehab, and mortality...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727408/firearm-associated-fractures-in-children-and-adolescents-trends-in-the-united-states-2003-2012
#7
Todd J Blumberg, Christopher J DeFrancesco, Daniel J Miller, Nirav K Pandya, John M Flynn, Keith D Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Firearm-associated injuries are the second leading cause of death in children in the United States. Fractures are common comorbid injuries in young patients with firearm-associated injuries. The purpose of this study was to define the burden of firearm-associated fractures (FAFs) in children and adolescents in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed the 2003-2012 Kids' Inpatient Database. Patients were grouped into 4 age groups: 0 to 4, 5 to 9, 10 to 14, and 15 to 20 years old...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710093/comparison-of-rates-of-firearm-and-nonfirearm-homicide-and-suicide-in-black-and-white-non-hispanic-men-by-u-s-state
#8
Corinne A Riddell, Sam Harper, Magdalena Cerdá, Jay S Kaufman
Background: The extent to which differences in homicide and suicide rates in black versus white men vary by U.S. state is unknown. Objective: To compare the rates of firearm and nonfirearm homicide and suicide in black and white non-Hispanic men by U.S. state and to examine whether these deaths are associated with state prevalence of gun ownership. Design: Surveillance study. Setting: 50 states and the District of Columbia, 2008 to 2016...
April 24, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703071/to-improve-homicide-firearm-information-reporting-rhode-island-state-crime-laboratory
#9
Yongwen Jiang, Dennis Lyons, Jane B Northup, Dennis Hilliard, Karen Foss, Shannon Young, Samara Viner-Brown
Information on homicide firearms can be used to help state and local communities understand the problems of violence and decrease injuries and deaths. However, it is difficult to collect these data. To our knowledge, in the public health arena, the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) is the only system that collects detailed firearm information. The Rhode Island State Crime Laboratory (RISCL) can provide detailed information about the firearms and cartridge cases\bullets involved in firearm deaths...
May 1, 2018: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697631/facial-fractures-pearls-and-perspectives
#10
Obaid Chaudhry, Matthew Isakson, Adam Franklin, Suhair Maqusi, Christian El Amm
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Describe the A-frame configuration of anterior facial buttresses, recognize the importance of restoring anterior projection in frontal sinus fractures, and describe an alternative design and donor site of pericranial flaps in frontal sinus fractures. 2. Describe the symptoms and cause of pseudo-Brown syndrome, describe the anatomy and placement of a buttress-spanning plate in nasoorbitoethmoid fractures, and identify appropriate nasal support alternatives for nasoorbitoethmoid fractures...
May 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694593/-spatial-and-differential-income-pattern-of-households-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-who-are-victims-of-maxillofacial-injuries-resulting-from-firearm-aggression
#11
Carlos José de Paula Silva, Paula Cristina Pelli Paiva, Liliam Pacheco Pinto de Paula, Jussara de Fátima Barbosa Fonseca, Rafaella Almeida Silvestrini, Marcelo Drummond Naves, Ana Clara Mourão Moura, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira
The study investigated the spatial pattern of cases of maxillofacial injury resulting from firearm aggression among teenagers and young adults and analyzed the comparison of income differentials in these areas based on the residence of the victims. This is a cross-sectional study with data from victims attended in three hospitals in Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, from January 2008 to December 2010. The addresses of the victims were georeferenced by geocoding. Randomness and point density trends were analyzed using Ripley's K function and Kernel maps...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680413/freedom-with-responsibility-a-consensus-strategy-for-preventing-injury-death-and-disability-from-firearm-violence
#12
Ronald M Stewart, Deborah A Kuhls, Michael F Rotondo, Eileen M Bulger
Reducing violence-related, intentional injury (including intentional firearm-related injury) requires a multifaceted, integrated public health approach. This requires engagement, responsibility and partnership across disciplines, geographic regions, and philosophic differences. A commitment to the values of civility, professionalism, humility and mutual respect are required.
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675071/pediatric-head-injury-a-study-of-403-cases-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-a-developing-country
#13
Abrar Ahad Wani, Arif Hussain Sarmast, Muzaffar Ahangar, Nayil Khursheed Malik, Sarabjit Singh Chhibber, Sajad Hussain Arif, Altaf Umar Ramzan, Bashir Ahmed Dar, Zulfiqar Ali
Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Falls are the most common type of injury, followed by motor vehicle-related accidents and child abuse. Aims and Objectives: The aim and objective of this study was to elucidate the various modes of injury, prognostic factors, complications, incidence of various modes of injury, and outcome in TBI in pediatric population. Materials and Methods: Patients with TBI, 18 years or less in age, managed in our Department of Neurosurgery, over a period of 2 years, were studied prospectively...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673800/blindness-after-facial-trauma-epidemiology-incidence-and-risk-factors-a-27-year-cohort-study-of-5708-patients
#14
Panagiotis Stathopoulos, Dimosthenis Igoumenakis, Michalis Mezitis, George Rallis
OBJECTIVES: This was a 27-year study of a cohort of 5708 patients who had sustained maxillofacial fractures. Our purpose was to present the etiology, mechanism of trauma, site, and concomitant injuries that led to visual loss. We hypothesize that fractures caused by high-energy impact of the midface may be associated with blindness. A discussion of the treatment approaches is also included. STUDY DESIGN: The study included 5708 patients who had sustained a maxillofacial fracture during the years 1985-2012...
March 23, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667607/blunt-abdominal-trauma-following-gunshot-wound-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Myftar Torba, Arben Gjata, Francesco Rulli, Ilir Kajo, Sotir Ceka, Afron Mici
Blunt abdominal trauma following gunshot wound. Case report and literature review Introduction: Similarly to blast weapons, every firearm produces explosion at the moment of shooting, which can cause injuries in every region of the body. The aim of this paper is to present the mechanism of blunt abdominal injury following gunshot wounds, bringing this uncommon disease to the clinicians' attention and to review the literature available. CASE REPORT: A patient developed a delayed bowel perforation following a gunshot injury of the abdomen without breaking of the peritoneum...
April 20, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659980/management-of-bullet-emboli-to-the-heart-and-great-vessels
#16
Brian Yoon, Samuel Grasso, Luke J Hofmann
Introduction: Firearm-related injuries account for 20% of all injury-related deaths and are responsible for 105,000 injuries annually. The occurrence of bullet emboli to the heart is exceedingly rare. Given the rarity of emboli, controversy exists over management. The primary endpoint of this study is to establish a management algorithm for venous bullet emboli to the heart. Materials and methods: A literature search was performed using PubMed and Google Scholar with the following search terms: cardiac bullet embolus, cardiac missile embolus, and bullet embolus...
April 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655395/firearm-related-injuries-among-canadian-children-and-youth-from-2006-to-2013-a-chirpp-study
#17
Catherine M J Cox, Samuel A Stewart, Katrina F Hurley
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about the topic? Injuries from non-powder firearms are common and potentially life-altering. The Canadian Pediatric Society urges stricter controls on non-powder guns. What did this study ask? What are the Canadian contextual trends in paediatric firearm injuries? What did this study find? In this study, the rate of paediatric firearm injuries was stable from 2006 to 2013. Eye injuries inflicted by non-powder firearms were most common. Most firearm injuries occurred through recreation and sport...
April 15, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617301/an-ecological-study-on-the-spatially-varying-relationship-between-county-level-suicide-rates-and-altitude-in-the-united-states
#18
Hoehun Ha, Wei Tu
Suicide is a serious but preventable public health issue. Several previous studies have revealed a positive association between altitude and suicide rates at the county level in the contiguous United States. We assessed the association between suicide rates and altitude using a cross-county ecological study design. Data on suicide rates were obtained from a Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS), maintained by the U.S. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC). Altitude data were collected from the United States Geological Survey (USGS)...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613951/firearm-injury-control-a-call-to-arms-for-wide-ranging-advocacy
#19
Thomas J Esposito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579813/does-traumatic-brain-injury-by-firearm-injury-accelerates-the-brain-death-cascade-preliminary-results
#20
A Cacciatori, M Godino, R Mizraji
Brain death (BD) triggers a series of pathophysiological events similar to multiple-organ dysfunction. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) due to firearm injury (FAI) causes lesions that could lead to BD. Patients admitted to the ICU due to severe TBI that evolved to BD were studied, including those caused by FAI; the 2 groups were compared with the objective of demonstrating that the support of the deceased donor by TBI due to FAI is more unstable and of shorter duration than the one related to TBI by another cause...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
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