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Firearm injuries

Y Nouma, W Ben Amar, M Zribi, S Bardaa, Z Hammami, S Maatoug
We report a case of a Tunisian footballer who was found dead abroad under suspicious circumstances. The cause of death was, originally, attributed to a lightning strike. The corpse was buried without/autopsy. Over thirty years later, the family requested the exhumation to verify the identity and the cause of death. The exhumation was performed in 2011. DNA profiling from teeth and femur bone samples confirmed the identity of the deceased. The dry bone study revealed defects in the skull and the pelvis evoking firearm injuries...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Stephen Hargarten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Mary D Fan, Joseph A Simonetti, Vivian H Lyons, Jin Wang, Douglas Zatzick, Frederick P Rivara
Background: Hospital-based violence intervention programs typically focus on patients whose firearm injury occurred through interpersonal violence (assault). Knowledge of violence perpetration by victims of unintentional (accidental) firearm injury is limited. Objective: To examine violence perpetration before and after a patient becomes hospitalized for firearm injury according to injury intent (intentional [assault] or unintentional [accidental]). Design: A case-control study and a retrospective cohort study...
October 18, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
Kacie Seil, Jennifer Marcum, Ramona Lall, Catherine Stayton
BACKGROUND: The New York City emergency department (ED) syndromic surveillance (SS) system provides near real-time data on the majority of ED visits. The utility of ED SS for injury surveillance has not been thoroughly evaluated. We created injury syndromes based on ED chief complaint information and evaluated their utility compared to administrative billing data. METHODS: Six injury syndromes were developed: traffic-related injuries to pedal cyclists, pedestrians, and motor vehicle occupants; fall-related injuries; firearm-related injuries; and assault-related stabbings...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
Alfreda Holloway-Beth, Linda Forst, Julia Lippert, Sherry Brandt-Rauf, Sally Freels, Lee Friedman
BACKGROUND: Current research regarding injuries caused during interactions between police officers and civilians is conducted intermittently or on a very narrow sample frame which provides very little clinical information about the injuries suffered or the adverse outcomes. The aim of this study is to identify comorbid risk factors and describe acute outcomes of medically treated traumatic injuries occurring as a result of contact with law enforcement personnel. METHODS: For this retrospective study, patients injured as a result of contact with law enforcement personnel were identified using ICD-9 external cause of injury codes from medical record databases of patients treated in all hospitals and trauma units in Illinois between 2000 and 2009...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
Ethan C Jamison, Kirk A Bol
INTRODUCTION: Non-fatal suicide attempts are a risk factor for suicide, but less is known about its effect on the method of injury used in an eventual suicide death. This study examines the association between history of non-fatal suicide attempt and the risk of a poisoning suicide versus firearm or hanging suicide in Colorado. METHODS: Nine years (2004-2012, N=7,020) of suicide deaths in Colorado were compiled through the National Violent Death Reporting System...
November 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Bethany L Strong, Sarah-Blythe Ballard, Wendy Braund
The American College of Preventive Medicine Policy Committee makes policy guidelines and recommendations on preventive medicine and public health topics for public health decision makers. After a review of the current evidence available in 2016, the College is providing a consensus-based set of policy recommendations designed to reduce firearm-related morbidity and mortality in the U.S. These guidelines address seven general areas pertaining to the public health threat posed by firearms: gun sales and background checks, assault weapons and high-capacity weapons, mental health, research funding, gun storage laws, and physician counseling...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Steven A Sumner, Matthew J Maenner, Christina M Socias, James A Mercy, Paul Silverman, Sandra P Medinilla, Steven S Martin, Likang Xu, Susan D Hillis
INTRODUCTION: Accurately identifying youth at highest risk of firearm violence involvement could permit delivery of focused, comprehensive prevention services. This study explored whether readily available city and state administrative data covering life events before youth firearm violence could elucidate patterns preceding such violence. METHODS: Four hundred twenty-one individuals arrested for homicide, attempted homicide, aggravated assault, or robbery with a firearm committed in Wilmington, Delaware, from January 1, 2009 to May 21, 2014, were matched 1:3 to 1,259 Wilmington resident controls on birth year and sex...
September 8, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Matthew D Fetzer, Frank S Pezzella
The core justification of bias crime statutes concerns whether bias-motivated crimes are qualitatively different from otherwise motivated crimes. We test the hypothesis that bias crimes are more detrimental than non-bias crimes by testing for multi-dimensional injuries to victims of bias and non-bias-motivated criminal conduct. Using National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) Extract 2013 Collection Year Incident-level Extract File, we analyzed physical injuries and psychological trauma to NCVS victims during 2013...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
M Denise Dowd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Kelly A Feldman, Jun Tashiro, Casey J Allen, Eduardo A Perez, Holly L Neville, Carl I Schulman, Juan E Sola
BACKGROUND: Although firearms account for less than 5 % of all pediatric injuries, they have the highest associated case fatality rate. METHODS: The registry at a Level-1 trauma center was used to identify firearm injuries (<18 years of age) from 1991 to 2011. Descriptive statistics and risk-adjusted multivariate analyses (MVA) were performed. RESULTS: Overall, 1085 patients were identified. Immediate operations were performed in 33 % (n = 358) of patients with most having abdominal surgery (n = 214)...
September 28, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
James Dodington, Pina Violano, Carl R Baum, Kirsten Bechtel
Significant breakthroughs in the field of injury prevention and childhood safety have occurred during the past half-century. For example, the Poison Prevention Packaging Act of 1970 and the institution of child passenger safety laws are responsible for a significant reduction in injuries among children and adolescents. This review will focus on the following three topics because of their significant contribution to pediatric injury morbidity, especially among adolescents, and their promise for further effective prevention research...
September 27, 2016: Pediatric Research
Francis Morey, Ian R Hambleton, Nigel Unwin, T Alafia Samuels
BACKGROUND: Data on disparities in mortality within low and middle income countries are limited, with little published data from the Caribbean or Central America. Our aim was to investigate disparities in overall and cause specific premature adult mortality in the multi-ethnic middle income country of Belize. METHODS: Mortality data from Belize 2008-2010 classified using the International Classification of Diseases 10 and the 2010 census stratified by age and ethnicity were used to calculate age, sex, and ethnic specific mortality rates for those 15-59 years, and life table analysis was used to estimate the probability of death between the ages of 15 and 59 (45q15)...
2016: PloS One
Jane M Garbutt, Neil Bobenhouse, Sherry Dodd, Randall Sterkel, Robert C Strunk
OBJECTIVE: To determine if parents are receptive to discussing firearm safety with their pediatrician. STUDY DESIGN: Parents completed a self-administered paper survey during a pediatric office visit. Responses of those who confirmed and denied household firearms were compared using Fisher exact test. RESULTS: Between March 23 and May 21, 2015, 1246 of 1363 eligible parents (91.4%) completed the survey (22.6% African American, 79.5% at least some college education); 36% of respondents reported household firearms (owners)...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
J Hollander, M C van der Molen, P R Fa Si Oen, A J Duits, D R Nellensteijn
Background: Trauma registry plays an important role in a process of health-service improvement. Organization of trauma care in the Caribbean is limited; there is lack of registry and distribution of patients. Objective: This was to compare incidence-trends of patients with trauma-related injury to the Dutch trauma registry for 14 years, since Curacao is part of the Dutch Caribbean. Methods: Data of all injured patients admitted to Emergency Department (ED) from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2013, were retrospectively analysed using a prospective trauma registry...
March 11, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
Marie Crandall, Alexander Eastman, Pina Violano, Wendy Greene, Steven Allen, Ernest Block, Ashley Britton Christmas, Andrew Dennis, Thomas Duncan, Shannon Foster, Stephanie Goldberg, Michael Hirsh, D'Andrea Joseph, Karen Lommel, Peter Pappas, William Shillinglaw
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, more than 300,000 people in the United States have died from firearm injuries. Our goal was to assess the effectiveness of two particular prevention strategies, restrictive licensing of firearms and concealed carry laws, on firearm-related injuries in the US Restrictive Licensing was defined to include denials of ownership for various offenses, such as performing background checks for domestic violence and felony convictions. Concealed carry laws allow licensed individuals to carry concealed weapons...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
İsmail Birincioğlu, Murat Akbaba, Ahmet Alver, Seval Kul, Erdal Özer, Nurşen Turan, Ayşe Şentürk, İmran İnce
Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), IL-6, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) play important roles in the wound healing process. In the present study, human wound specimens (n = 50) were collected from cases of death due to injuries from firearms, penetrating trauma by sharp objects and blunt trauma with a known time of injury and death identified by forensic autopsy. Full-thickness tissue specimens were obtained from injured skin sites, and equally sized intact tissues obtained from the same person were used as controls...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Judy Schaechter, Patricia G Alvarez
Firearm injury is a leading cause of death and injury for children and adolescents, able to cause disability and interfere with normal development. Child developmental stages, variance of behavior, and mental health may all put children at risk for firearm injury or lead to increased morbidity after experiencing firearm violence. Family, community, and contextual factors can accentuate the risk of violence. Adults and social structures have the responsibility to protect children and adolescents from firearm violence...
October 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
Syed Imtiaz Ali Shah, Shujaat Ali Shah, Partab Rai, Shahid Jamal Siddiqui, Safdar Ali Abbasi, Naeem Akhtar Katpar
The objective of this study was to determine the pattern of traumatic lens dislocations presenting at our institute. This may help develop the preventive strategies. The number of cases of traumatic lens dislocations, presented at the Department of Ophthalmology, Chandka Medical College, Larkana, Pakistan, from January 2002 to June 2015, were 59 including 61.02% (n=36) males and 38.98% (n=23) females. Cause of trauma was wood or plant impalement in 35.6% (n=21) cases, cracker blast in 13.55% (n=8) cases, fall on ground in 11...
August 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Bridget H Lyons, Katherine A Fowler, Shane P D Jack, Carter J Betz, Janet M Blair
PROBLEM/CONDITION: In 2013, more than 57,000 persons died in the United States as a result of violence-related injuries. This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 17 U.S. states for 2013. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics. REPORTING PERIOD COVERED: 2013. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: NVDRS collects data from participating states regarding violent deaths obtained from death certificates, coroner/medical examiner reports, law enforcement reports, and secondary sources (e...
2016: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
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