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Firearm injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137466/evaluation-of-extremity-injuries-presented-to-emergency-department
#1
Ali Karakus, Guven Kuvandik, Ezgi Atalay
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to review cases with firearms injury of extremities presented to our hospital. METHODS: After approval by Institutional Board, electronic database was retrospectively screened for firearms injury of extremities between 2012 and 2015. Overall, 600 cases with firearms injury of extremities were included in the study. Cases were assessed for demographic and clinical characteristics, Mangled extremity severity score (MESS), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), costs and outcomes...
October 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128127/a-crossbow-suicide
#2
Laura Panata, Massimo Lancia, Alessandra Persichini, Sergio Scalise Pantuso, Mauro Bacci
The crossbow is an ancient ranged weapon originally conceived for war and hunting. Although nowadays its use in warfare has been surpassed by firearms, it continues to be used in hunting, sports and recreation. The authors present the case of a 40-year-old man who suffered from severe depression. When his condition further deteriorated, doctors ordered a forced hospitalization but, just a few hours before the measure became effective, the man committed suicide using a crossbow. The autopsy and police investigation showed possession of the crossbow darts which the man used to shoot himself in the head...
October 18, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127770/the-burden-of-firearm-violence-in-the-united-states-stricter-laws-result-in-safer-states
#3
Faisal Jehan, Viraj Pandit, Terence O'Keeffe, Asad Azim, Arpana Jain, Saad A Tai, Andrew Tang, Muhammad Khan, Narong Kulvatunyou, Lynn Gries, Bellal Joseph
BACKGROUND: Increasing firearm violence has resulted in a strong drive for stricter firearm legislations. Aim of this study was to determine the relationship between firearm legislations and firearm-related injuries across states in the United States. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients with trauma related hospitalization using the 2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample database. Patients with firearm-related injury were identified using E-codes...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116045/contemporary-noise-induced-hearing-loss-nihl-prevention
#4
Wiesław Sułkowski, Kalina Owczarek, Jurek Olszewski
Hearing impairment caused by noise, traditionally called - depending on the duration of exposure - acute or chronic acoustic trauma, includes, in addition to presbyacusis, the most common adult population of hearing impaired. In Poland - according to the report of the Central Statistical Office (GUS, 2011), the number of workers employed in NDN exceeded the noise level (85 dB) is about 200 thousand, the highest in the mining, metal and metal products production, textiles and wood production. According to the Regulation of the Council of Ministers of on June 30, 2009, on the list of occupational diseases (Journal of Laws No...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109013/a-decompositional-analysis-of-firearm-related-mortality-in-the-united-states-2001-2012
#5
Russell Griffin, Joseph B Richardson, Jeffrey D Kerby, Gerald McGwin
Prior literature reporting increased rates of firearm-related homicide and suicide with increasing firearm availability is limited by only examining the availability of firearms, which is only one component of firearm-related mortality. The objective of the current study is to separate the rates into their respective components and determine which components contribute to mortality rate changes. To address the objective, nationally representative data from 2001 to 2012 was collected from a variety of publicly-available sources...
November 3, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098711/child-fatalities-in-dammam-a-call-for-child-fatality-reviews-in-arab-countries
#6
Dalia Mohammed Alsaif, Osama M Almadani, Salah Ali Almoghannam, Dina Hamdi, Maram A Al-Farayedhi, Magdy A Kharosha
Identifying children's risk exposure is the first step toward mortality prevention. This retrospective study determined the causes of child fatalities in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. Death reports of children and adolescents from 1999 to 2015 (N = 157) were analyzed. Boys represented most cases (69%) and there were two age peaks (1-5 years and 16-18 years). Accidents (typically immersion) defined the main death circumstance (51%) followed by homicide (25%). Only 33% of cases underwent autopsy, and the most common cause of death was head injury (27%) followed by firearm injury...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067067/an-analysis-of-3105-medico-legal-cases-at-tertiary-care-hospital-rawalpindi
#7
Romana Malik, Iffat Atif, Farah Rashid, Maqbool Abbas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Medico legal cases are essential component of medical practice and comprise most important constituent of emergencies. The reporting of such cases is imperative to recognize theirsocioeconomic burden on any country. The present study was conducted to scrutinize different categories of medico legal cases and characteristics of the victims at casualty department oftertiary care hospital Rawalpindi. The objective of the study was to find out the frequency ofvarious categories of medico legal cases and major characteristics ofvictims at tertiary care hospital, Rawalpindi...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059689/in-state-and-interstate-associations-between-gun-shows-and-firearm-deaths-and-injuries-a-quasi-experimental-study
#8
Ellicott C Matthay, Jessica Galin, Kara E Rudolph, Kriszta Farkas, Garen J Wintemute, Jennifer Ahern
Background: Gun shows are an important source of firearms, but no adequately powered studies have examined whether they are associated with increases in firearm injuries. Objective: To determine whether gun shows are associated with short-term increases in local firearm injuries and whether this association differs by the state in which the gun show is held. Design: Quasi-experimental. Setting: California. Participants: Persons in California within driving distance of gun shows...
October 24, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059686/firearm-injury-after-gun-shows-evidence-to-gauge-the-potential-impact-of-regulatory-interventions
#9
Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Frederick P Rivara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052714/firearm-related-injury-and-death-a-u-s-health-care-crisis-in-need-of-health-care-professionals
#10
Darren B Taichman, Howard Bauchner, Jeffrey M Drazen, Christine Laine, Larry Peiperl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049687/the-health-care-professional-s-pledge-protecting-our-patients-from-firearm-injury
#11
Christine Laine, Darren B Taichman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049471/firearm-related-injury-and-death-a-us-health-care-crisis-in-need-of-health-care-professionals
#12
Darren B Taichman, Howard Bauchner, Jeffrey M Drazen, Christine Laine, Larry Peiperl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025455/the-burden-of-gunshot-injuries-on-orthopaedic-healthcare-resources-in-south-africa
#13
Case Martin, Gerhard Thiart, Graham McCollum, Stephen Roche, Sithombo Maqungo
BACKGROUND: Injuries inflicted by gunshot wounds (GSWs) are an immense burden on the South African (SA) healthcare system. In 2005, Allard and Burch estimated SA state hospitals treated approximately 127 000 firearm victims annually and concluded that the cost of treating an abdominal GSW was approximately USD1 467 per patient. While the annual number of GSW injuries has decreased over the past decade, an estimated 54 870 firearm-related injuries occurred in SA in 2012. No study has estimated the burden of these GSWs from an orthopaedic perspective...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019579/epidemiological-study-of-facial-fractures-at-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-service-santa-casa-de-misericordia-hospital-complex-porto-alegre-rs-brazil
#14
Rodrigo Andrighetti Zamboni, João Carlos Birnfeld Wagner, Maurício Roth Volkweis, Eduardo Luis Gerhardt, Elissa Muller Buchmann, Caren Serra Bavaresco
OBJECTIVES: to investigate the incidence and etiology of face trauma with diagnosis of facial fracture treated at the Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology Service of the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital Complex in Porto Alegre. METHODS: we conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective epidemiological study of 134 trauma victims with 153 facial fractures. RESULTS: the male gender was the most affected (86.6%) and the incidence was higher in the age group from 21 to 30 years...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016601/firearm-related-injury-and-death-a-u-s-health-care-crisis-in-need-of-health-care-professionals
#15
EDITORIAL
Darren B Taichman, Howard Bauchner, Jeffrey M Drazen, Christine Laine, Larry Peiperl
The U.S.-based Editors of ICMJE journals call for health-care professionals to act against the public health crisis of injury and death from guns.
October 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016598/quantifying-underreporting-of-law-enforcement-related-deaths-in-united-states-vital-statistics-and-news-media-based-data-sources-a-capture-recapture-analysis
#16
Justin M Feldman, Sofia Gruskin, Brent A Coull, Nancy Krieger
BACKGROUND: Prior research suggests that United States governmental sources documenting the number of law-enforcement-related deaths (i.e., fatalities due to injuries inflicted by law enforcement officers) undercount these incidents. The National Vital Statistics System (NVSS), administered by the federal government and based on state death certificate data, identifies such deaths by assigning them diagnostic codes corresponding to "legal intervention" in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases-10th Revision (ICD-10)...
October 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991510/firearm-related-injury-and-death-a-u-s-health-care-crisis-in-need-of-health-care-professionals
#17
Darren B Taichman, Howard Bauchner, Jeffrey M Drazen, Christine Laine, Larry Peiperl
What would happen if on one day more than 50 people died and over 10 times that many were harmed by an infectious disease in the United States? Likely, our nation’s esteemed and highly capable public health infrastructure would gear up to care for those harmed and study the problem. There would be..
October 9, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988203/firearms-training-what-is-actually-taught
#18
David Hemenway, Steven Rausher, Pina Violano, Toby A Raybould, Catherine W Barber
INTRODUCTION: Firearm safety instructors and public health professionals are natural allies in the quest to prevent firearm injuries. We audited basic firearm classes to provide information that can help familiarise public health professionals and others with the content covered. METHODS: With the advice of expert instructors, we created an audit form. Volunteers audited 20 basic firearm classes in seven north-eastern states. RESULTS: All trainers covered a wide variety of safety issues...
October 7, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978195/re-the-hidden-epidemic-of-firearm-injury-increasing-firearm-injury-rates-during-2001-2013
#19
Philip J Cook, Ariadne E Rivera-Aguirre, Magdalena Cerdá, Garen Wintemute
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971917/emergency-department-visits-for-firearm-related-injuries-in-the-united-states-2006-14
#20
Faiz Gani, Joseph V Sakran, Joseph K Canner
Firearm-related deaths are the third leading cause of injury-related deaths in the United States. Yet limited data exist on contemporary epidemiological trends and risk factors for firearm-related injuries. Using data from the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample, we report epidemiological trends and quantify the clinical and financial burden associated with emergency department (ED) visits for firearm-related injuries. We identified 150,930 patients-representing a weighted total of 704,916 patients nationally-who presented alive to the ED in the period 2006-14 with firearm-related injuries...
October 1, 2017: Health Affairs
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