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Firearm injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323805/wisconsin-firearm-mortality-2000-2014
#1
Wen-Jan Tuan, John J Frey
BACKGROUND: Despite low firearm mortality rates in Wisconsin, overall firearm fatalities continue to rise in recent years. In 2013, the statewide age-adjusted death rate due to firearms was 9.6 per 100,000 persons, the highest mark since the new millennium. This raises not only public safety concerns, but also raises questions regarding ongoing gun violence. OBJECTIVES: To describe the population and geographic characteristics of firearm mortality rates on population and geographic characteristics in Wisconsin...
November 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307927/tomographic-aspects-of-penetrating-thoracic-trauma-injuries-from-firearms-and-other-weapons
#2
Alessandro Severo Alves de Melo, Luiza Beatriz Melo Moreira, Fernanda Miraldi Clemente Pessoa, Nara Saint-Martin, Roger Ancilotti Filho, Arthur Soares Souza, Edson Marchiori
Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the various computed tomography findings in penetrating chest trauma, as well as to determine the frequency and extent of the lesions. Material and Methods: We studied the computed tomography findings from 40 cases of penetrating thoracic trauma, of which 35 (85.8%) were gunshot wounds and 5 (14.2%) were caused by another type of weapon. Results: Pulmonary lesions were found in 39 cases (97.5%), manifesting as contusions in 34 cases (85%), atelectasis in 8 (20%), lacerations in 1 (2...
November 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283962/variability-of-child-access-prevention-laws-and-pediatric-firearm-injuries
#3
Emma C Hamilton, Charles C Miller, Charles S Cox, Kevin P Lally, Mary T Austin
BACKGROUND: State-level Child Access Prevention (CAP) laws impose criminal liability on adults who negligently allow children access to firearms. CAP laws can be further divided into strong CAP laws which impose criminal liability for negligently stored firearms and weak CAP laws that prohibit adults from intentionally, knowingly, and/or recklessly providing firearms to a minor.We hypothesized that strong CAP laws would be associated with a greater reduction in pediatric firearm injuries than weak CAP laws...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283961/injuries-associated-with-police-use-of-force
#4
William P Bozeman, Jason P Stopyra, David A Klinger, Brian P Martin, Derrel D Graham, James C Johnson, Katherine Mahoney-Tesoriero, Sydney J Vail
BACKGROUND: Use of Force [UOF] by police can result in serious injuries and fatalities. The risk of significant injuries associated with different force modalities is poorly defined. We sought to determine the incidence of police UOF and compare the likelihood of significant injury with different force modalities. METHODS: A prospective multicenter observational study of all UOF incidents was conducted via mandatory UOF investigations at three mid-sized police agencies over a two year period...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261526/response-hidden-costs-of-hospitalization-after-firearm-injury
#5
Rishi Rattan, Nicholas Namias, Tanya L Zakrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229119/weaker-gun-state-laws-are-associated-with-higher-rates-of-suicide-secondary-to-firearms
#6
Rodrigo F Alban, Miriam Nuño, Ara Ko, Galinos Barmparas, Azaria V Lewis, Daniel R Margulies
BACKGROUND: Firearm-related suicides comprise over two-thirds of gun-related violence in the United States, and gun laws and policies remain under scrutiny, with many advocating for revision of the regulatory map for lawful gun ownership, aiming at restricting access and distribution of these weapons. However, the quantitative relationship between how strict gun laws are and the incidence of firearm violence with their associated mortality is largely unknown. We therefore, sought to explore the impact of firearm law patterns among states on the incidence and outcomes of firearm-related suicide attempts, utilizing established objective criteria...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206823/-thoracic-and-lumbar-fractures-in-adolescents-an-eight-year-study
#7
Félix Adolfo Sánchez-Chávez, Jorge Arturo Cabrera-Escamilla
METHODS: In order to know the characteristics of these lesions in our environment and compare with those the adults, a transversal and descriptive study of adolescents between 12 and 18 years who were hospitalized for thoracic and lumbar fracture in two centers of high level trauma in our country for 8 years was performed. The variables studied were applied statistical analysis descriptive and correlation. RESULTS: They were found significant date by associating the causes of damage with associated lesions (p = 0...
November 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170331/34%C3%A2-a-systematic-literature-review-of-the-pre-hospital-lessons-identified-following-mass-casualty-deliberate-bombing-incidents
#8
Thomas Cooke, Adam Chesters, Gareth Grier
BACKGROUND: Since the end of World War II, there has been an emergence of explosives used amongst civilian populations resulting in mass-casualty incidents. The development of pre-hospital medical systems, worldwide, has resulted in an increased response at these incidents. However, information about the pre-hospital medical response is sparse and not collated. This review aimed to collect and appraise the literature on the pre-hospital management of mass-casualty bombing incidents. The primary objective was to identify and discuss the common themes highlighted as problems in the pre-hospital medical response...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137466/evaluation-of-extremity-injuries-presented-to-emergency-department
#9
Ali Karakus, Guven Kuvandik, Ezgi Atalay
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to review cases with firearms injury of extremities presented to our hospital. METHODS: After approval by Institutional Board, electronic database was retrospectively screened for firearms injury of extremities between 2012 and 2015. Overall, 600 cases with firearms injury of extremities were included in the study. Cases were assessed for demographic and clinical characteristics, Mangled extremity severity score (MESS), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), costs and outcomes...
October 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128127/a-crossbow-suicide
#10
Laura Panata, Massimo Lancia, Alessandra Persichini, Sergio Scalise Pantuso, Mauro Bacci
The crossbow is an ancient ranged weapon originally conceived for war and hunting. Although nowadays its use in warfare has been surpassed by firearms, it continues to be used in hunting, sports and recreation. The authors present the case of a 40-year-old man who suffered from severe depression. When his condition further deteriorated, doctors ordered a forced hospitalization but, just a few hours before the measure became effective, the man committed suicide using a crossbow. The autopsy and police investigation showed possession of the crossbow darts which the man used to shoot himself in the head...
October 18, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127770/the-burden-of-firearm-violence-in-the-united-states-stricter-laws-result-in-safer-states
#11
Faisal Jehan, Viraj Pandit, Terence O'Keeffe, Asad Azim, Arpana Jain, Saad A Tai, Andrew Tang, Muhammad Khan, Narong Kulvatunyou, Lynn Gries, Bellal Joseph
BACKGROUND: Increasing firearm violence has resulted in a strong drive for stricter firearm legislations. Aim of this study was to determine the relationship between firearm legislations and firearm-related injuries across states in the United States. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients with trauma related hospitalization using the 2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample database. Patients with firearm-related injury were identified using E-codes...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116045/contemporary-noise-induced-hearing-loss-nihl-prevention
#12
Wiesław Sułkowski, Kalina Owczarek, Jurek Olszewski
Hearing impairment caused by noise, traditionally called - depending on the duration of exposure - acute or chronic acoustic trauma, includes, in addition to presbyacusis, the most common adult population of hearing impaired. In Poland - according to the report of the Central Statistical Office (GUS, 2011), the number of workers employed in NDN exceeded the noise level (85 dB) is about 200 thousand, the highest in the mining, metal and metal products production, textiles and wood production. According to the Regulation of the Council of Ministers of on June 30, 2009, on the list of occupational diseases (Journal of Laws No...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109013/a-decompositional-analysis-of-firearm-related-mortality-in-the-united-states-2001-2012
#13
Russell Griffin, Joseph B Richardson, Jeffrey D Kerby, Gerald McGwin
Prior literature reporting increased rates of firearm-related homicide and suicide with increasing firearm availability is limited by only examining the availability of firearms, which is only one component of firearm-related mortality. The objective of the current study is to separate the rates into their respective components and determine which components contribute to mortality rate changes. To address the objective, nationally representative data from 2001 to 2012 was collected from a variety of publicly-available sources...
November 3, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098711/child-fatalities-in-dammam-a-call-for-child-fatality-reviews-in-arab-countries
#14
Dalia Mohammed Alsaif, Osama M Almadani, Salah Ali Almoghannam, Dina Hamdi, Maram A Al-Farayedhi, Magdy A Kharosha
Identifying children's risk exposure is the first step toward mortality prevention. This retrospective study determined the causes of child fatalities in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. Death reports of children and adolescents from 1999 to 2015 (N = 157) were analyzed. Boys represented most cases (69%) and there were two age peaks (1-5 years and 16-18 years). Accidents (typically immersion) defined the main death circumstance (51%) followed by homicide (25%). Only 33% of cases underwent autopsy, and the most common cause of death was head injury (27%) followed by firearm injury...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067067/an-analysis-of-3105-medico-legal-cases-at-tertiary-care-hospital-rawalpindi
#15
Romana Malik, Iffat Atif, Farah Rashid, Maqbool Abbas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Medico legal cases are essential component of medical practice and comprise most important constituent of emergencies. The reporting of such cases is imperative to recognize theirsocioeconomic burden on any country. The present study was conducted to scrutinize different categories of medico legal cases and characteristics of the victims at casualty department oftertiary care hospital Rawalpindi. The objective of the study was to find out the frequency ofvarious categories of medico legal cases and major characteristics ofvictims at tertiary care hospital, Rawalpindi...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059689/in-state-and-interstate-associations-between-gun-shows-and-firearm-deaths-and-injuries-a-quasi-experimental-study
#16
Ellicott C Matthay, Jessica Galin, Kara E Rudolph, Kriszta Farkas, Garen J Wintemute, Jennifer Ahern
Background: Gun shows are an important source of firearms, but no adequately powered studies have examined whether they are associated with increases in firearm injuries. Objective: To determine whether gun shows are associated with short-term increases in local firearm injuries and whether this association differs by the state in which the gun show is held. Design: Quasi-experimental. Setting: California. Participants: Persons in California within driving distance of gun shows...
December 19, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059686/firearm-injury-after-gun-shows-evidence-to-gauge-the-potential-impact-of-regulatory-interventions
#17
Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Frederick P Rivara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052714/firearm-related-injury-and-death-a-u-s-health-care-crisis-in-need-of-health-care-professionals
#18
Darren B Taichman, Howard Bauchner, Jeffrey M Drazen, Christine Laine, Larry Peiperl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049687/the-health-care-professional-s-pledge-protecting-our-patients-from-firearm-injury
#19
Christine Laine, Darren B Taichman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049471/firearm-related-injury-and-death-a-us-health-care-crisis-in-need-of-health-care-professionals
#20
Darren B Taichman, Howard Bauchner, Jeffrey M Drazen, Christine Laine, Larry Peiperl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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