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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630118/childhood-firearm-injuries-in-the-united-states
#1
Katherine A Fowler, Linda L Dahlberg, Tadesse Haileyesus, Carmen Gutierrez, Sarah Bacon
OBJECTIVES: Examine fatal and nonfatal firearm injuries among children aged 0 to 17 in the United States, including intent, demographic characteristics, trends, state-level patterns, and circumstances. METHODS: Fatal injuries were examined by using data from the National Vital Statistics System and nonfatal injuries by using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Trends from 2002 to 2014 were tested using joinpoint regression analyses. Incident characteristics and circumstances were examined by using data from the National Violent Death Reporting System...
June 19, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630117/confronting-the-firearm-injury-plague
#2
Eliot W Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624036/firearm-injuries-due-to-legal-intervention-in-children-and-adolescents-a-national-analysis
#3
Noor Joudi, Jun Tashiro, Samuel Golpanian, Sarah A Eidelson, Eduardo A Perez, Juan E Sola
BACKGROUND: Firearm injuries related to legal intervention have come under scrutiny because of recent events. METHODS: The Kids' Inpatient Database (1997-2012) was searched for firearm injuries due to legal interventions (International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision, Clinical Modification E970) requiring inpatient admission in children aged <20 y. Cases were weighted to provide national estimates. The Brady Campaign criteria were used to identify lenient versus strict gun law states...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610778/a-comparison-between-non-powder-gun-and-powder-gun-injuries-in-a-young-pediatric-population
#4
Jennifer J Freeman, Marielena Bachier-Rodriguez, Jessica Staszak, Alexander Feliz
INTRODUCTION: Non-powder guns (NPG) are viewed as toys for children by the general public. Literature on firearm injuries in the pediatric population is increasing, however there are still large gaps in the published literature regarding NPG. We intended to identify and compare the epidemiology, circumstances of injury and outcomes of children with NPG versus powder-gun injuries (GSW). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a 6-year retrospective analysis of children 0-14 years old treated for NPG and GSW injuries at our level one pediatric trauma center...
May 29, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605023/the-modern-compound-bow
#5
LokMan Sung, Kilak Kesha, Sarah Avedschmidt, Kelly Root, Leigh Hlavaty
Bows and arrows are ancient weapons that have risen and fallen as the preeminent armaments used by man. Because of the ubiquity of firearms, fatalities from archery injuries in the United States have radically declined. However, when deaths involving this weapon do present themselves, the paucity of reference materials can be a hurdle for forensic pathologists and other forensic scientists. This article will provide a brief history of the origins of the bow and the inception of the compound bow. Comparing and contrasting the structures comprising a traditional bow to those of the modern compound bow will provide insight into how these components function in unison to propel arrows...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591509/-double-pneumotorax-secondary-to-single-proyectile-weapon-one-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#6
Mario Quintero-Amaya, Francisco Flores-Orozco, José Herrera-Maldonado, Jorge Miño-Bernal, Edna López-Morales, Abigail Juárez-Ugalde, Marisol Flores-Gonzaga, Débora Aguilar-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: The 25% of traumatic deaths are due to chest trauma with a mortality of 28%, and closed trauma is the most common mechanism of injury. The use of firearms increases the relative risk of death. The five more frequent specific chest injuries are lung contusion (31.8%), hemothorax/pneumothorax (19.4%), rib fractures (13.2%), and diaphragmatic injury (7.5%). CLINICAL CASE: Patient of 25 years with a single firearm projectile wound in the chest who assisted to the emergency room (ER) with significant respiratory distress and meriting surgical emergency airway, documenting double pneumothorax, aortic laceration and rupture of the trachea, which required management in the ER with bilateral chest tube placement and subsequent surgical repair...
July 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579093/the-enduring-impact-of-historical-and-structural-racism-on-urban-violence-in-philadelphia
#7
Sara F Jacoby, Beidi Dong, Jessica H Beard, Douglas J Wiebe, Christopher N Morrison
Public health approaches to crime and injury prevention are increasingly focused on the physical places and environments where violence is concentrated. In this study, our aim is to explore the association between historic place-based racial discrimination captured in the 1937 Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) map of Philadelphia and present-day violent crime and firearm injuries. The creators of the 1937 HOLC map zoned Philadelphia based in a hierarchical system wherein first-grade and green color zones were used to indicate areas desirable for government-backed mortgage lending and economic development, a second-grade or blue zone for areas that were already developed and stable, a third-grade or yellow zone for areas with evidence of decline and influx of a "low grade population," and fourth-grade or red zone for areas with dilapidated or informal housing and an "undesirable population" of predominately Black residents...
May 19, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578085/assault-in-children-admitted-to-trauma-centers-injury-patterns-and-outcomes-from-a-5-year-review-of-the-national-trauma-data-bank
#8
Galinos Barmparas, Navpreet K Dhillon, Eric J T Smith, James M Tatum, Rex Chung, Nicolas Melo, Eric J Ley, Daniel R Margulies
IMPORTANCE: While assault is commonly reported or suspected in children with traumatic wounds, a recent overview of these injuries, especially those requiring trauma surgery consultation is lacking in the literature. OBJECTIVES: Explore the incidence, demographics and injury patterns of children presenting to trauma centers following an assault. DESIGN: Retrospective review of the National Trauma Data Bank 2007 to 2011. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Subjects up to 18 years old with "assault" reported as the intent of injury...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570346/child-welfare-professionals-determination-of-when-children-s-access-or-potential-access-to-loaded-firearms-constitutes-child-neglect
#9
Erin M Evans, Charles A Jennissen, Resmiye Oral, Gerene M Denning
BACKGROUND: Pediatric deaths and injuries from access to firearms are a significant public health problem. No studies have examined how experts determine child neglect regarding firearm access in the home. Our study objectives were to identify factors that influenced pediatric experts' finding of firearm-related child neglect and to assess their attitudes toward child access prevention (CAP) laws. METHODS: A survey was distributed to American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Child Abuse and Neglect members...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538635/suicide-guns-and-buyback-programs-an-epidemiologic-analysis-of-firearm-related-deaths-in-connecticut
#10
Laura Baumann, Heather Clinton, Rob Berntsson, Susan Williams, James C Rovella, David Shapiro, Shefali Thaker, Kevin Borrup, Garry Lapidus, Brendan T Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Gun buyback programs aim to remove unwanted firearms from the community with the goal of preventing firearm injury and death. Buyback programs are held in many communities, but evidence demonstrating their effectiveness is lacking. The purpose of this study is to compare firearms collected at buyback events to crime guns and firearms used in homicides and suicides. METHODS: Detailed firearm and case data was obtained from the Hartford Police Department and the CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System from January through December of 2015...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538377/time-distribution-of-injury-related-in-hospital-mortality-in-a-trauma-referral-center-in-south-of-iran-2010-2015
#11
Hamidreza Abbasi, Shahram Bolandparvaz, Mahnaz Yadollahi, Mehrdad Anvar, Zahra Farahgol
In Iran, there are no studies addressing trauma death timing and factors affecting time of death after injuries. This study aimed to examine time distribution of trauma deaths in an urban major trauma referral center with respect to victims' injury characteristics during 2010 to 2015.This was a cross-sectional study of adult trauma-related in-hospital deaths resulting from traffic-related accidents, falls, and violence-related injuries. Information on injury characteristics and time interval between admission and death was extracted from 3 hospital databases...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536190/pediatric-firearm-related-injuries-in-the-united-states
#12
REVIEW
Kavita Parikh, Alyssa Silver, Shilpa J Patel, Sabah F Iqbal, Monika Goyal
Pediatric firearm-related deaths and injuries are a national public health crisis. In this Special Review Article, we characterize the epidemiology of firearm-related injuries in the United States and discuss public health programs, the role of pediatricians, and legislative efforts to address this health crisis. Firearm-related injuries are leading causes of unintentional injury deaths in children and adolescents. Children are more likely to be victims of unintentional injuries, the majority of which occur in the home, and adolescents are more likely to suffer from intentional injuries due to either assault or suicide attempts...
May 23, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531301/a-political-case-of-penetrating-cranial-trauma-the-injury-of-james-scott-brady
#13
Richard Menger, Piyush Kalakoti, Rimal Hanif, Osama Ahmed, Anil Nanda, Bharat Guthikonda
James Brady, the White House press secretary during President Ronald Reagan's first term in office, was 1 of 4 people (including the President) wounded during an attempted assassination attempt on President Reagan's life on March 30, 1981. John Hinckley, Jr. was found not guilty of this attempt by reason of insanity. The assassination attempt was a ploy by Hinckley, Jr. to impress the actress Jodie Foster. Brady was the most seriously injured of the 4 who were wounded. He suffered a gunshot wound to the left forehead that traveled through the left frontal lobe, corpus callosum, and then into the right frontal and temporal lobes...
May 22, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530772/characteristics-of-the-injuries-of-syrian-refugees-sustained-during-the-civil-war
#14
Betül Kocamer Şimşek, Mehmet Dokur, Erdal Uysal, Necdet Çalıker, Oruç Numan Gökçe, İbrahim Kürşat Deniz, Murat Uğur, Murat Geyik, Mehmet Kaya, Güner Dağlı
BACKGROUND: During a war, many civilians are severely injured by firearms, bombs, and shrapnel. The triage of war injuries involves difficult and complicated processes requiring surgical procedures and patient monitoring in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of hospitals. In this study, we examine the demographic, traumatic, and critical care characteristics of cases injured during the civil war in Syria and requiring emergency surgery. METHODS: Electronic data of the traumatic, surgical, and ICU monitoring features of 707 patients admitted to Kilis Public Hospital between March 2012 and January 2013 were analyzed retrospectively RESULTS: Most of the patients reported having been injured due to firearms (83...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516826/fatalities-from-firearm-related-injuries-in-selected-governorates-of-iraq-2010-2013
#15
Maximilian P Nerlander, Eva Leidman, Ahmed Hassan, Abdul-Salam Saleh Sultan, Syed Jaffar Hussain, Lauren B Browne, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: In Iraq, where Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and other groups have contributed to escalating violence in recent years, understanding the epidemiology of intentional firearm-related fatalities is essential for public health action. METHODS: The Iraqi Ministry of Health (MoH; Baghdad, Iraq) compiles surveillance of fatal injuries in eight of Iraq's 18 governorates (Baghdad, Al-Anbar, Basrah, Erbil, Kerbala, Maysan, Ninevah, and Al-Sulaimaniya)...
May 18, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514996/post-autopsy-computed-tomography-pros-and-cons-in-a-firearm-death
#16
Sindi Visentin, Guido Pelletti, Caterina Dengo, Maria De Matteis, Massimo Montisci
Many studies have focused on the importance of post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) prior to or in substitution of standard forensic autopsies in case of firearm death. However, due to the fact that PMCT is not routinely performed in all countries, in cases of death abroad it can happen that a CT scan is performed only after a first autopsy. A case of post-mortem re-examination, including the external examination and a post-autopsy computed tomography (PACT), of a gunshot victim of homicide in a foreign country is presented, and the pros and cons of imaging in post-autopsy setting are discussed...
May 1, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513518/firearm-injuries-received-in-emergency-room-of-a-nigerian-teaching-hospital-aanalysis-of-pattern-morbidity-and-mortality
#17
N I Omoke
BACKGROUND: The morbidity and mortality associated with civilian firearm injury in developing countries is appreciable. The increasing incidence of gunshot casualties received in hospital emergency rooms is an emerging concern. The aim of this study was to determine the pattern and outcome of firearm injuries in a civilian setting of a developing country. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This was a retrospective analysis of data on the entire patients with firearm injury received in the emergency room of Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki from January 2005 to December 2014...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510714/re-what-do-we-know-about-the-association-between-firearm-legislation-and-firearm-related-injuries
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493608/the-epidemiology-of-emergency-department-trauma-discharges-in-the-united-states
#19
Charles J DiMaggio, Jacob B Avraham, David C Lee, Spiros G Frangos, Stephen P Wall
OBJECTIVE: Injury related morbidity and mortality is an important emergency medicine and public health challenge in the United States (US). Here we describe the epidemiology of traumatic injury presenting to US emergency departments, define changes in types and causes of injury among the elderly and the young, characterize the role of trauma centers and teaching hospitals in providing emergency trauma care, and estimate the overall economic burden of treating such injuries. METHODS: We conducted a secondary retrospective, repeated cross-sectional study of the Nationwide Emergency Department Data Sample (NEDS), the largest all-payer emergency department survey database in the US...
May 11, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481962/the-association-between-urban-tree-cover-and-gun-assault-a-case-control-and-casecrossover-study
#20
Michelle C Kondo, Eugenia C South, Charles C Branas, Therese S Richmond, Douglas J Wiebe
Green space and vegetation may play a protective role for urban violence. We investigated whether being near urban tree cover during outdoor activities related to being assaulted with a gun. We conducted GIS-assisted interviews with 10- to 24-year old males in Philadelphia, PA including 135 patients who had been shot with a firearm and 274 community controls, between 2008-2011. Each subject reported a step-by-step mapped account of where and with whom they travelled over a full day from waking until being assaulted or going to bed...
May 6, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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