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Firearm injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922206/hidden-costs-of-hospitalization-after-firearm-injury-national-analysis-of-different-hospital-readmission
#1
Rishi Rattan, Joshua Parreco, Nicholas Namias, Gerd D Pust, D Dante Yeh, Tanya L Zakrison
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk factors and costs associated with readmission after firearm injury nationally, including different hospitals. BACKGROUND: No national studies capture readmission to different hospitals after firearm injury. METHODS: The 2013 to 2014 Nationwide Readmissions Database was queried for patients admitted after firearm injury. Logistic regression identified risk factors for 30-day same and different hospital readmission...
September 15, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888336/pediatric-firearm-deaths-and-injuries-in-the-united-states
#2
Deborah L McBride
Guns are the third leading cause of death of those aged 1 to 17years, outpaced only by unintentional injuries such as car crashes and drowning, and illnesses like cancer according to a new federal study. The new study, which has been called the most comprehensive examination of current firearms-related deaths and injury among children in the United States used data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Violent Death Reporting System to assess the magnitude and characteristics of firearm-related deaths and injuries among children (age 0-17years) from 2002 to 2014...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882377/lasting-impression-of-violence-retained-bullets-and-depressive-symptoms
#3
Randi N Smith, Mark J Seamon, Vinayak Kumar, Andrew Robinson, Justine Shults, Patrick M Reilly, Therese S Richmond
BACKGROUND: Over 70,000 nonfatal firearm injuries occur in the US annually, frequently leaving victims injured with retained bullets. The long-term psychological risks associated with retained bullets remains unstudied. By serving as a constant reminder of injury, we hypothesized that the presence of retained bullets after firearm injury is associated with increased PTSD and depression symptom severity. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study (2013-2015) of Black male survivors of firearm injury at an urban Level I trauma center...
September 4, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874943/loaded-questions-internet-commenters-opinions-on-physician-patient-firearm-safety-conversations
#4
Christopher E Knoepke, Amanda Allen, Megan L Ranney, Garen J Wintemute, Daniel D Matlock, Marian E Betz
INTRODUCTION: Medical and public health societies advocate that healthcare providers (HCPs) counsel at-risk patients to reduce firearm injury risk. Anonymous online media comments often contain extreme viewpoints and may therefore help in understanding challenges of firearm safety counseling. To help inform injury prevention efforts, we sought to examine commenters' stated opinions regarding firearm safety counseling HCPs. METHODS: Qualitative descriptive analysis of online comments posted following news items (in May-June, 2016) about a peer-reviewed publication addressing when and how HCPs should counsel patients regarding firearms...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869850/the-incidence-and-epidemiology-of-eldercide-in-the-city-of-johannesburg-south-africa
#5
Sizakele Buthelezi, Lu-Anne Swart, Mohamed Seedat
The current study describes the incidence and epidemiological characteristics of eldercide (homicides among victims aged 60 years and older) in Johannesburg for the period 2001 to 2010. A retrospective population-based study was conducted on cases drawn from the National Injury Mortality Surveillance System. A total of 557 eldercides were recorded by NIMSS for the study period with an average annual rate of 23.1 per 100 000. The average annual rate for males was 42.4 per 100 000 and 8.9 per 100 000 for females...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844536/us-pediatric-trauma-patient-unplanned-30-day-readmissions
#6
Krista K Wheeler, Junxin Shi, Henry Xiang, Rajan K Thakkar, Jonathan I Groner
PURPOSE: We sought to determine readmission rates and risk factors for acutely injured pediatric trauma patients. METHODS: We produced 30-day unplanned readmission rates for pediatric trauma patients using the 2013 National Readmission Database (NRD). RESULTS: In US pediatric trauma patients, 1.7% had unplanned readmissions within 30days. The readmission rate for patients with index operating room procedures was no higher at 1.8%. Higher readmission rates were seen in patients with injury severity scores (ISS)=16-24 (3...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838022/-characteristics-and-treatment-strategies-for-penetrating-injuries-on-the-example-of-gunshot-and-blast-victims-without-ballistic-body-armour-in-afghanistan-2009%C3%A2-%C3%A2-2013
#7
Christoph Güsgen, Arnulf Willms, Ines Richardsen, Dan Bieler, Erwin Kollig, Robert Schwab
Much like other countries, Germany has recently seen terrorist attacks being planned, executed or prevented at the last minute. This highlights the need for expertise in the treatment of penetrating torso traumas by bullets or explosions. Data on the treatment of firearm injuries and, even more so, blast injuries often stems from crises or war regions. However, it is difficult to compare injuries from such regions with injuries from civilian terrorist attacks due to the ballistic body protection (protective vests, body armour) worn by soldiers...
August 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832596/femicide-in-turkey-between-2000-and-2010
#8
Sadik Toprak, Gokhan Ersoy
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is an important problem that threatens women's health, very few studies focus on the victim-perpetrator relationship or examine this relationship across Turkey. The aim of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of femicide cases in Turkey and to describe the socio-demographic, clinical, forensic, and criminological characteristics of femicide victims and offenders. This study analysed 162 femicide cases that occurred in 12 cities in Turkey from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822681/firearm-storage-practices-in-households-of-adolescents-with-and-without-mental-illness
#9
Joseph A Simonetti, Mary Kay Theis, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Evette J Ludman, David C Grossman
PURPOSE: Safe firearm storage practices are associated with a lower risk of self-inflicted injury and death. Whether such practices and relevant beliefs differ between households of adolescents with and without mental illness is unknown. METHODS: We used survey and administrative data to perform a two-stage cross-sectional study of parents/guardians of adolescents who were 11-17 years, enrolled in a managed care plan in 2004 and living in a household with a firearm...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822468/taking-aim-at-an-epidemic-firearms-injury-prevention-by-emergency-nurses
#10
Laurie Nolan-Kelley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809622/suicide-in-pretoria-a-retrospective-review-2007-2010
#11
Cornelia Engelbrecht, Ryan Blumenthal, Neil K Morris, Gert Saayman
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has declared suicide a global ealth crisis, predicting that ~1.53 million people will commit suicide annually by 2020. OBJECTIVE: A study from South Africa reviewed 1 018 suicide cases in Pretoria over 4 years (1997 - 2000). Our study was undertaken to establish whether there have been substantial changes in the profile of suicide victims who died in Pretoria a decade later. METHODS: Case records at the Pretoria Medico-Legal Laboratory were reviewed retrospectively from 2007 to 2010...
July 28, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804685/percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-through-paramedian-technique-and-lateral-approach-in-a-patient-with-cervical-esophagostomy-a-case-report
#12
Kapil D Soni, Neha Garg, Richa Aggarwal, Ambuj Ambuj
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is a common surgical procedure and established as first choice for securing the airway in critically ill patients needing prolonged mechanical ventilation. There are case reports of open tracheostomy through paramedian approach without complications. This case report presents a case of PDT through paramedian approach. CASE REPORT: An 18 year old female, case of firearm injury underwent cervical esophagostomy on the left side of neck approaching midline...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796015/the-relative-lack-of-data-regarding-firearms-injuries-in-the-united-states
#13
Cornelius A Thiels, Martin D Zielinski, Amy E Glasgow, Elizabeth B Habermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790510/fear-and-loathing-on-the-campaign-trail-what-the-election-means-for-u-s-health-care-and-the-health-of-american-democracy
#14
Robert B Doherty
This paper analyzes four trends that are affecting the 2016 election: changing US demographics and the reaction to them, a growing distrust of government, increased polarization and government gridlock, and the rise of populism. It compares the views of candidates Hillary Rodham Clinton and Donald S. Trump on the Affordable Care Act, climate change, prescription drug pricing, prevention of injuries and deaths from firearms, and the opioids epidemic; and offers perspectives on the potential impact of the election not only on U...
2017: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759775/forensic-mental-health-evaluations-of-military-personnel-with-traumatic-life-event-in-a-university-hospital-in-ankara-turkey
#15
Huseyin Balandiz, Abdullah Bolu
INTRODUCTION: The definition of psychological trauma has been rephrased with the DSM-5. From now on, witnessing someone else's traumatic event is also accepted as a traumatic life event. Therefore, the psychiatric examination of forensic cases gains importance for not overlooking a psychiatric trauma. This research aims to discuss the psychiatric examinations of military personnel who had a traumatic life event and to reveal psychiatric states of soldiers after trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The forensic reports prepared at Gulhane Military Medical Academy (GMMA), Forensic Medicine polyclinic between January 1, 2011 and November 30, 2014 were examined, and among them the cases sent to GMMA Psychiatry polyclinic for psychiatric examination were analyzed retrospectively...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746724/undertriage-of-firearm-related-injuries-not-actually-assessed
#16
Joseph Weber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725486/consequences-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-during-pregnancy-in-pakistan
#17
Aatik Arsh, Haider Darain, Syed Muhammad Ilyas, Amir Zeb
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the major causes for poor outcomes of pregnancy. Injury during pregnancy is uncommon; therefore, outcome data are scarce. This case series presents outcomes of pregnancy in five women who sustained SCI during their pregnancies. CASE PRESENTATION: Five women who sustained SCIs during pregnancy (age range: 24-38 years) were identified and included in this case series. The causes of SCI in this population were fall from heights (cases 1 and 2), road traffic accidents (cases 3 and 4) and firearm injury (case 5)...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724500/a-20-year-review-of-pediatric-pregnant-trauma-from-a-level-i-trauma-center
#18
Tanya L Zakrison, Xiomara Ruiz, Nicholas Namias, Marie Crandall
BACKGROUND: Trauma in pregnancy remains an important but understudied public health issue. We aimed to determine the prevalence of interpersonal violence in our pregnant trauma population (including pediatric) over the last 20 years, from our Level I trauma center. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive, retrospective chart review to identify all pregnant trauma patients between Jan 1993 and Sept 2013. Pediatric was ≤18 years of age. We evaluated demographics, mechanism of injury, injury location, disposition, and outcome data...
July 11, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721637/cost-of-hospitalization-for-firearm-injuries-by-firearm-type-intent-and-payer-in-the-united-states
#19
Corinne Peek-Asa, Brandon Butcher, Joseph E Cavanaugh
BACKGROUND: Firearm injuries disproportionately affect young, male, non-White populations, causing substantial individual and societal burden. Annual costs for hospitalized firearm injuries have not been widely described, as most previous cost studies have focused on lifetime costs. We examined a nationally-representative database of hospitalizations in the US to estimate per-hospital and overall hospital costs for firearm injuries by intent, type of weapon, and payer source. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all firearm injury hospitalizations in the National Inpatient Sample from 2003 through 2013...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717964/wound-morphology-in-contact-shots-from-blank-cartridge-handguns-a-study-on-composite-models
#20
Rebecca Pircher, Markus Große Perdekamp, Annette Thierauf-Emberger, Lena Kramer, Stefan Pollak, Dorothee Geisenberger
It is a well-known fact that blank cartridge guns can cause penetrating and even fatal injuries when discharged in contact or at very close ranges. In these cases, the gas jet perforates the skin leaving an entrance wound similar to that from a conventional gun. In order to investigate the wound morphology in contact shots from blank firearms, test shots were fired at composite models of pig skin and gelatin blocks using three different calibre 9-mm blank cartridge handguns (two pistols and one revolver) and two types of ammunition...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
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