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genitourinary pathology

Pankaj Dangle, Cláudia Salgado, Miguel Reyes-Mugica, Francis Schneck, Michael Ost, Sunder Sims-Lucas
OBJECTIVE: To determine if vanishing testis could result from a fault in embryological development as a result of an arrest in endothelial cell migration rather than secondary to just a random physical torsion/twist. .A testicular nubbin or vanishing testis is considered to be secondary to a neonatal torsion and is usually associated with a hemosiderin deposit. METHODS: Cases of vanishing testis excision were compared with age-matched controls from cadaveric testes without known genitourinary pathology...
October 17, 2016: Urology
Petar Duvnjak, Mario Laguna
The use of live attenuated intravesicular Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy is a generally accepted safe and effective method for the treatment of superficial transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder. Although rare, < 5% of patient's treated with intravesicular BCG therapy may develop potentially serious complications, including localized infections to the genitourinary tract, mycotic aneurysms and osteomyelitis. We present here a case of a 63-year-old male who developed left coronary and multiple peripheral M...
August 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Z Liu, C Luo, S Hu, Y Fan, Z H Liu, X Y Yang, Q Shen, L B Liu, W K Han, L Q Zhou, W Yu, Q He, Q Zhang, J Jin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical pathological characteristics and improve the recognition in the diagnosis and treatment of incidental (stage T1a-T1b) prostate cancer. METHODS: Seven hundred and seventy-one patients who underwent TURP from May 2004 to September 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. In our institution, TURP specimens should be totally submitted in an extensive sampling method. The tumor area was outlined by estimation of an experienced genitourinary pathologist and calculated by the image analysis system software (Image J 1...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Eleftheria Chaini, Nikolaos D Chainis, Anastasios Ioannidis, Maria Magana, Chryssoula Nikolaou, Joseph Papaparaskevas, Melina-Vassiliki Liakata, Panagiotis Katopodis, Leonidas Papastavrou, George P Tegos, Stylianos Chatzipanagiotou
Lactobacilli are human commensals found in the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tract. Although generally conceived as non-pathogenic microorganisms, the existence of several reports implicating them in certain severe pathological entities renders this species as opportunistic pathogens. The case of a 58-year-old woman with mixed Lactobacillus infection is described. The patient was admitted in an outpatient clinic with community acquired pneumonia, and on the third day of hospitalization she presented rapid pneumonia deterioration...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
Jason A Jarzembowski
Dr. Louis "Pepper" Dehner is an internationally renowned surgical pathologist, especially in the subspecialty of pediatric pathology. Although his clinical and academic expertise are broad, with over 400 published articles, some of his most intriguing contributions have been in the area of pediatric renal and genitourinary pathology. This review focuses on the entities in these following organ systems where he has focused his efforts: malignant rhabdoid tumor, renal medullary carcinoma, Ewing sarcoma/peripheral neuroectodermal tumor, and the DICER1-related lesions cystic nephroma, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the uterine cervix, and Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor...
August 31, 2016: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
Cristina Meléndez Frigola, Elena Arroyo Borrell, Marc Saez
OBJECTIVE: It is necessary to deepen in the knowledge of the Basic Minimum Set of Data (CMBD-RSS) of patients with chronic pathology associated and frequent hospitalisations (the subacute care). The aim of this study was to analyse the sanitary information of these patients, once initiated the subacute program. METHODS: We used data of 660 patients hospitalised in the subacute care unit at the Santa Caterina Hospital, sanitary region of Girona, from October 2013 to December 2014...
October 3, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
M de-Pedro-Herráez, J Mesa-Jiménez, C Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, J-L de-la-Hoz-Aizpurua
Myogenic temporomandibular disorders (MTMD) frequently coexist with other clinical conditions in the same individual. In the last decades, several authors have analyzed these comorbidities looking for the origin of this overlapping. _Objetives: The aim of this study was to perform a comparative anaylisis between a group of patients with MTMD and a control group of dental patients without dysfunctional pathology to assess whether there are significant differences in the presence of systemic medical comorbidities between the two groups...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Teodoro Durá-Travé, Isabel San Martin-García, Fidel Gallinas-Victoriano, Ibone Vaquero Iñigo, Aida González-Benavides
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the prevalence of malnutrition among paediatric patients at the time of hospital admission throughout a calendar year in a tertiary-level hospital and to identify those patients and/or groups of pathologies with a higher risk of malnutrition. DESIGN: Observational (retrospective evaluation of nutrition status). SETTING: Navarra Hospital Complex, Pamplona, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 852 patients hospitalised in 2013 in a Spanish tertiary-level paediatric hospital (462 males and 390 females)...
September 2016: JRSM Open
Amanda L Lewis, Warren G Lewis
Genitourinary infections pose serious health risks. But, little is known about how genitourinary bacteria attach, maintain colonization, compete for resources, and cause pathology. In this issue, we introduce a new set of 62 genitourinary reference strains of bacteria and their genomes to spur experimental research on infectious diseases that impact women.
September 29, 2016: Genome Announcements
N Gabunia, Iv Rodionov, T Chigogidze
Congenital renal malformations are the most common congenital malformations in humans, the most common being horseshoe kidney with joined lower poles present in up to 0.25% of general population. To the contrary renal fusions with ectopia are amongst the rare malformations affecting 1 in 2000 examined cadavers. Males are affected slightly more often then females (3:2), left to right crosses being more frequent. The value of early diagnosis of asymptomatic renal malformation is uncertain, except when other abnormalities might point to them and they can affect the clinical management strategy (severe ear deformity with facial malformation, gynecological abnormalities)...
July 2016: Georgian Medical News
Çağrı Güneri, Turgut Alkibay, Lütfi Tunç
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to evaluate the correlation of testicular sperm extraction (TESE) and histopathology with various features of non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) cases who consulted to our university-based infertility clinic, and the probability of prompting couples about TESE success and to investigate the cost reduction chance through cost-beneficial aspects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five patients were enrolled in this study. Age, unprotected intercourse period, age of puberty, and concomittant diseases were noted...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
Nicholas J Ollberding, Eszter Völgyi, Maurizio Macaluso, Ranjit Kumar, Casey Morrow, Frances A Tylavsky, Chandrika J Piyathilake
Preterm birth (PTB) is the leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality. Genitourinary infection is implicated in the initiation of spontaneous PTB; however, examination of the urinary microbiota in relation to preterm delivery using next-generation sequencing technologies is lacking. In a case-control study nested within the Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development and Learning in Early Childhood (CANDLE) study, we examined associations between the urinary microbiota and PTB. A total of 49 cases (delivery < 37 weeks gestation) and 48 controls (delivery ≥ 37 weeks gestation) balanced on health insurance type were included in the present analysis...
2016: PloS One
Eric A Klein, María Santiago-Jiménez, Kasra Yousefi, Bruce A Robbins, Edward M Schaeffer, Bruce J Trock, Jeffrey Tosoian, Zaid Haddad, Seong Ra, R Jeffrey Karnes, Robert B Jenkins, John C Cheville, Robert B Den, Adam P Dicker, Elai Davicioni, Stephen J Freedland, Ashley E Ross
PURPOSE: We determined how frequently histological Gleason 3 + 3 = 6 tumors have the molecular characteristics of disease with metastatic potential. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed prostatectomy tissue from 337 patients with Gleason 3 + 3 disease. All tissue was re-reviewed in blinded fashion by genitourinary pathologists using 2005 ISUP (International Society of Urological Pathology) Gleason grading criteria. A previously validated Decipher® metastasis signature was calculated in each case based on a locked model...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Urology
Fabio Zattoni, Akira Kawashima, Alessandro Morlacco, Brian J Davis, Avinash K Nehra, Lance A Mynderse, Adam T Froemming, R Jeffrey Karnes
OBJECTIVES: The value of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) in staging prostate cancer (PCa) before salvage prostatectomy is currently unclear because of the minimal data comparing mpMRI results to final pathologic stage at surgery. The aim of the study is to determine the diagnostic performance of mpMRI in characterizing viable recurrent tumor and lymph node metastasis following radiation therapy (RT) failure. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between January 2007 and July 2014, 19 patients with biopsy-proven recurrent PCa after primary RT underwent 3T mpMRI and subsequent salvage prostatectomy with extended pelvic lymphadenectomy...
June 14, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
Luke Thornton, Yan Li Goh, Mark Lipton, Andrew Masters
Gallbladder agenesis (GA) is a rare congenital abnormality with an incidence of 0.01-0.09%. Majority of GA exist alone although it can be associated with other systemic malformations involving the gastrointestinal, genitourinary, cardiovascular and skeletal systems. It is thought that biliary and pancreatic pathologies coexist and this is the second case reported in the literature of GA presenting with pancreatitis.
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Sara E Wobker, Christopher G Przybycin, Kanishka Sircar, Jonathan I Epstein
Renal oncocytomas are benign neoplasms that are often excised, as clinically they cannot be distinguished with certainty from renal cell carcinoma. One of the least common findings in oncocytomas is vascular invasion and their behavior is not well characterized with only reports of isolated examples and smaller case series. Whether vascular invasion is acceptable for the diagnosis of oncocytoma still remains controversial, even amongst genitourinary pathologists with expertise in renal tumor pathology. Of 1474 cases of renal oncocytoma identified at three large medical centers, 22 (1...
August 3, 2016: Human Pathology
Agnieszka Szmigielska, Grażyna Krzemień, Maria Roszkowska-Blaim, Ewa Obersztyn
UNLABELLED: The prevalence of obesity in children is still rising all over the world. The most common reason for significant weight gain is a high-calorie diet and decreased physical activity. However, apart from environmental factors, genetic predisposition plays a crucial role in the pathomechanism of obesity. We present the case of a boy with pathological obesity and Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS). BBS is a ciliopathy, a heterogeneous group of rare disorders associated with defects in primary cilia...
April 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Donna E Hansel, Victor E Reuter
Adrenal gland diagnostics can pose significant challenges. In most academic and community practice settings, adrenal gland resections are encountered less frequently than other endocrine or genitourinary specimens, leading to less familiarity with evolving classifications and criteria. The unique dichotomy between cortical and medullary lesions reflects the developmental evolution of these functionally independent components. Adrenal cortical lesions at resection include hyperplasia, adenoma, and carcinoma, with some cases straddling the boundary between these distinct clinical classifications...
September 2016: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
Vincenzo Picardi, Gabriella Macchia, Alessandra Guido, Lucia Giaccherini, Francesco Deodato, Andrea Farioli, Savino Cilla, Gaetano Compagnone, Andrea Ardizzoni, Dajana Cuicchi, Maria Antonietta Gambacorta, Francesco Cellini, Giovanni Frezza, Gilberto Poggioli, Vincenzo Valentini, Lorenzo Fuccio, Alessio Giuseppe Morganti
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and toxicity of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT)-simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) in preoperative combined treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer. METHODS: Radiation therapy was performed using the VMAT-SIB technique. The dose to mesorectum and pelvic lymph nodes was 45 Gy (1.8 Gy/fraction). A concomitant boost was delivered on GTV + 2-cm margin with a total dose of 57.5 Gy (2.3 Gy/fraction)...
June 23, 2016: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
T Maubon, N Branger, C Bastide, G Lonjon, K-A Harvey-Bryan, P Validire, S Giusiano, D Rossi, X Cathelineau, F Rozet
BACKGROUND: To assess the impact of the degree of extraprostatic extension (EPE) on biochemical recurrence (BCR) and utility of the original Epstein's criteria to define EPE in a cohort of pT3aN0 without positive surgical margin (PSM). METHODS: A two-center retrospective analysis was performed on data from 490 pT3aN0 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy between 2000 and 2012. Patients with neoadjuvant and/or adjuvant therapy, detectable PSA and PSM were excluded...
September 2016: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
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