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Athlete, sport psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773085/psychometric-properties-of-dispositional-hope-scale-for-brazilian-sport-context
#1
Caio Rosas Moreira, José Roberto Andrade Nascimento-Junior, Renan Codonhato, Lenamar Fiorese
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Dispositional Hope Scale (DHS) for the Brazilian sport context. The sample for construct validity consisted of 474 athletes; internal validity was assessed with 101 athletes; and external validity was tested in 81 athletes, from which, were 55 had further participated in the temporal stability assessment. Data analysis was conducted through the following tests: Cronbach's alpha, Composite Reliability (CR), Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), Spearman Correlation Coefficient and intraclass correlation...
May 18, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724008/emotional-intelligence-motivational-climate-and-levels-of-anxiety-in-athletes-from-different-categories-of-sports-analysis-through-structural-equations
#2
Manuel Castro-Sánchez, Félix Zurita-Ortega, Ramón Chacón-Cuberos, Carlos Javier López-Gutiérrez, Edson Zafra-Santos
(1) Background: Psychological factors can strongly affect the athletes’ performance. Therefore, currently the role of the sports psychologist is particularly relevant, being in charge of training the athlete’s psychological factors. This study aims at analysing the connections between motivational climate in sport, anxiety and emotional intelligence depending on the type of sport practised (individual/team) by means of a multigroup structural equations analysis. (2) 372 semi-professional Spanish athletes took part in this investigation, analysing motivational climate (PMCSQ-2), emotional intelligence (SSRI) and levels of anxiety (STAI)...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722578/a-review-of-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-relative-energy-deficiency-in-sport-red-s-in-artistic-synchronized-swimming
#3
Sherry Robertson, Margo Mountjoy
The syndrome Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) is a clinical entity characterized by low energy availability (LEA), which can negatively affect the health and performance of both male and female athletes. The underlying mechanism of RED-S is an inadequacy of dietary energy to support optimal health and performance. This syndrome refers to impaired physiological function including metabolic rate, menstrual function, bone health, immunity, protein synthesis, and cardiovascular health, with psychological consequences which can either precede (through restrictive dietary habits) or result from RED-S...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722254/assessing-the-use-of-psychological-skills-by-sports-category-and-the-relation-with-sports-performance-satisfaction
#4
David Tomé-Lourido, Constantino Arce, Ángel Vales-Vázquez, Dolores Ponte
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of psychological skills by athletes and their relationship with sports performance and satisfaction has been of great interest in recent decades. Likewise, there has been an emergent tendency to focus on developing specific psychological skills for each sport. The principal aim of this study was to determine the frequency with which athletes deploy psychological skills whilst competing and whether their frequency varies in accordance with the technical, tactical and physical characteristics of the sport in question...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718684/factors-associated-with-psychological-readiness-to-return-to-sport-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-surgery
#5
Kate E Webster, Christopher V Nagelli, Timothy E Hewett, Julian A Feller
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury has a significant psychological effect, and a negative psychological state is a commonly cited reason for a reduction or cessation of sports participation after ACL reconstruction (ACLR) surgery. PURPOSE: To identify factors that contribute to an athlete's psychological readiness to return to sport (RTS) after ACLR. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A cohort of 635 athletes (389 male, 246 female) who underwent ACLR and had been cleared to RTS completed the Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Return to Sport After Injury (ACL-RSI) scale at an average 12 months (range, 11-24 months) after surgery...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693460/from-core-belief-challenge-to-posttraumatic-growth-in-para-sport-athletes-moderated-mediation-by-needs-satisfaction-and-deliberate-rumination
#6
Chris Hammer, Leslie Podlog, Ross Wadey, Nick Galli, Anjali J Forber-Pratt, Maria Newton
PURPOSE: To examine how deliberate rumination and psychological need satisfaction interact to facilitate posttraumatic growth for para sport athletes with acquired disability. METHODS: Utilizing a sample of 70 para sport athletes, the hypothesized mediating role of deliberate rumination was examined via a simple mediation model. The interaction between needs satisfaction and deliberate rumination and their effect on posttraumatic growth was examined utilizing a moderated mediation procedure...
April 25, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679415/elite-swimmers-internal-markers-trajectories-in-ecological-training-conditions
#7
Philippe Vacher, Guillaume Martinent, Laurent Mourot, Michel Nicolas
PURPOSE: This study examined the trajectories of elite swimmers' recovery-stress states and cardiac vagal-related markers during a three-month training period preceding the national championship and their within-person relationships with perceived control. METHODS: A Multilevel Growth Curve Analysis (MGCA) approach was used with 21 male elite swimmers. Four waves of assessments of psychological (stress, recovery, perceived control) and physiological (heart rate variability, HRV) markers were completed during a three-month training preparation leading to a major competition...
April 21, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663863/athletic-identity-and-self-esteem-among-active-and-retired-paralympic-athletes
#8
Adriana Marin-Urquiza, José Pedro Ferreira, Debbie Van Biesen
Athletic identity (AI) has been suggested as a variable that can have an impact on the psychological health of the athletes upon retirement. The aim of this study was to provide more insight on the transition out of elite sport by assessing and comparing the extent of AI and self-esteem in an active group (AG) and a retired group (RG) of Paralympic athletes. Perceived stress and depressive symptoms were additionally assessed in the AG and RG, respectively. A non-probability sampling method was used to recruit active and retired Paralympic athletes (AG, n = 43; RG, n = 41, where 35 retired voluntarily and 6 retired involuntarily) with visual or physical impairments, from Dutch-, English-, Portuguese- and Spanish-speaking countries...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662909/development-and-validation-of-a-short-version-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-return-to-sport-after-injury-acl-rsi-scale
#9
Kate E Webster, Julian A Feller
Background: The Anterior Cruciate Ligament Return to Sport After Injury (ACL-RSI) scale was developed to measure an athlete's psychological readiness to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction surgery. The scale is being used with increasing frequency in both research and clinical settings. Purpose: To generate and validate a short version of the ACL-RSI scale. Study Design: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628891/training-load-immune-status-and-clinical-outcomes-in-young-athletes-a-controlled-prospective-longitudinal-study
#10
Katharina Blume, Nina Körber, Dieter Hoffmann, Bernd Wolfarth
Introduction: Beside positive effects on athlete's health, competitive sport can be linked with an increased risk of illness and injury. Because of high relative increases in training, additional physical and psychological strains, and an earlier specialization and professionalization, adolescent athletes needs an increased attention. Training can alter the immune system by inducing a temporary immunosuppression, finally developing infection symptoms. Previous studies identified Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) as potential indicator for the immune status...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608767/descriptive-analysis-of-a-baseline-concussion-battery-among-u-s-service-academy-members-results-from-the-concussion-assessment-research-and-education-care-consortium
#11
Kathryn L O'Connor, C Dain Allred, Kenneth L Cameron, Darren E Campbell, Christopher J D'Lauro, Megan N Houston, Brian R Johnson, Tim F Kelly, Gerald McGinty, Patrick G O'Donnell, Karen Y Peck, Steven J Svoboda, Paul Pasquina, Thomas McAllister, Michael McCrea, Steven P Broglio
Introduction: The prevalence and possible long-term consequences of concussion remain an increasing concern to the U.S. military, particularly as it pertains to maintaining a medically ready force. Baseline testing is being used both in the civilian and military domains to assess concussion injury and recovery. Accurate interpretation of these baseline assessments requires one to consider other influencing factors not related to concussion. To date, there is limited understanding, especially within the military, of what factors influence normative test performance...
March 28, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593541/a-preliminary-investigation-on-smokeless-tobacco-use-and-its-cognitive-effects-among-athletes
#12
Thomas Zandonai, Cristiano Chiamulera, Alberto Mancabelli, Danilo Falconieri, Marco Diana
Introduction: Among athletes, an increasing use of nicotine via smokeless tobacco has been reported. However, there are currently unanswered questions about whether the use by athletes is due to nicotine's addictive properties and/or to benefits in physical and cognitive performance (e.g., decision-making). In this original article we reported about, (i) snus-induced reinforcing effects among snus-user athletes (Survey) and (ii) the effects of snus on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) in snus-user skiers (Experimental study)...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584538/reducing-fear-of-reinjury-and-pain-perception-among-athletes-with-first-time-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructions-by-implementing-imagery-training
#13
Rosa M Rodriguez, Ashley Marroquin, Nicole Cosby
Injuries are an inevitable part of competitive sports as well a recreational activities. Research shows that one of the most common musculoskeletal complaints that accounts for approximately 48 out of 1,000 patients are knee related injuries.1 As noted, approximately nine percent of these knee complaints are related to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries.2 ,3 The ACL is commonly injured in contact sports via a non-contact action such as planting, cutting, landing on a hyperextended knee, or pivoting and sudden deceleration...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584528/the-cortisol-awakening-response-is-associated-with-training-load-in-endurance-runners
#14
Travis Anderson, Amy R Lane, Anthony C Hackney
The cortisol awakening response (CAR) is commonly used as a marker of psychological stress, however it is unknown whether CAR is affected by regular physical exercise induced stress. PURPOSE: Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between training load and CAR. METHODS: Recreational endurance athletes were recruited from local club running groups. Subjects (n = 15) completed training logs for two weeks, with various training loads, including psychometric analysis (RESTQ-Sport)...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584461/case-studies-in-exercise-and-sport-sciences-a-powerful-tool-to-bridge-the-science-practice-gap
#15
Israel Halperin
Despite the progress made by the scientific exercise community in collaborating and communicating with non-scientist coaches, there is room for improvement. Coaches find research difficult to understand, feel that their interests are not being addressed by exercise research, and rely on peer-discussion to further their coaching knowledge base while consuming little peer-reviewed articles. One useful strategy to bridge the science-practice gap is with case-studies. In addition to furthering our understanding of the physiology, psychology, and training schedules of elite athletes, case studies can serve 1) as a useful communication channel with coaches if presented as narratives and 2) to establish and strengthen relationships between scientists and coaches leading to fruitful research collaborations...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563884/symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-young-athletes-using-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale
#16
Stephanie Weber, Christian Puta, Melanie Lesinski, Brunhild Gabriel, Thomas Steidten, Karl-Jürgen Bär, Marco Herbsleb, Urs Granacher, Holger H W Gabriel
Elite young athletes have to cope with multiple psychological demands such as training volume, mental and physical fatigue, spatial separation of family and friends or time management problems may lead to reduced mental and physical recovery. While normative data regarding symptoms of anxiety and depression for the general population is available (Hinz and Brähler, 2011), hardly any information exists for adolescents in general and young athletes in particular. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess overall symptoms of anxiety and depression in young athletes as well as possible sex differences...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540960/a-three-domain-personality-analysis-of-a-mentally-tough-athlete
#17
Tristan J Coulter, Clifford J Mallett, Jefferson A Singer
The current study adopted McAdams' multilayer framework as the basis to develop a psychological portrait of an elite athlete who was identified as being particularly 'mentally tough'. The aim was to use this single case as an exemplar to demonstrate the utility of McAdams' framework for understanding the complexity of sport performers across three domains of personality: dispositional traits, characteristic adaptations, and narrative identity. We operationalised these domains through the development of specific research questions and, subsequently, the collection and integration of the participant's Big Five traits, personal strivings, coping strategies, and response to a life story interview...
January 2018: European Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536263/human-performance-in-motorcycle-road-racing-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Emanuele D'Artibale, Paul B Laursen, John B Cronin
Performance in motorcycle road racing is typically considered as the summation of interactions between rider, motorcycle, tires, and environment. Despite the substantial investments made towards the development of motorcycle technology and the business interests of manufacturers, published research focusing on the riders is relatively sparse, and a bike-centered mentality tends to dominate the sport. This manuscript reviews the known human performance aspects of motorcycle road racing and suggests directions for future research...
March 13, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530373/sleep-disorder-risk-factors-among-student-athletes
#19
Takafumi Monma, Akira Ando, Tohru Asanuma, Yutaka Yoshitake, Goichiro Yoshida, Taiki Miyazawa, Naoyuki Ebine, Satoko Takeda, Naomi Omi, Makoto Satoh, Kumpei Tokuyama, Fumi Takeda
OBJECTIVE: To clarify sleep disorder risk factors among student athletes, this study examined the relationship between lifestyle habits, competition activities, psychological distress, and sleep disorders. METHODS: Student athletes (N = 906; male: 70.1%; average age: 19.1 ± 0.8 years) in five university sports departments from four Japanese regions were targeted for analysis. Survey items were attributes (age, gender, and body mass index), sleep disorders (recorded through the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), lifestyle habits (bedtime, wake-up time, smoking, drinking alcohol, meals, part-time jobs, and use of electronics after lights out), competition activities (activity contents and competition stressors), and psychological distress (recorded through the K6 scale)...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525647/controversies-surrounding-exercise-in-genetic-cardiomyopathies
#20
REVIEW
Gourg Atteya, Rachel Lampert
Exercise and sports are an integral part of daily life for millions of Americans, with 16% of the US population older than age 15 years engaged in sports or exercise activities (Bureau of Labor statistics). The physical and psychological benefits of exercise are well-recognized. However, high-profile cases of athletes dying suddenly on the field, often due to undiagnosed genetic cardiomyopathies, raise questions about the risks and benefits of exercise for those with cardiomyopathy.
April 2018: Heart Failure Clinics
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