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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345524/recovery-and-performance-in-sport-consensus-statement
#1
Michael Kellmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Laurent Bosquet, Michel Brink, Aaron Coutts, Rob Duffield, Daniel Erlacher, Shona Halson, Anne Hecksteden, Jahan Heidari, Romain Meeusen, Iñigo Mujika, Claudio Robazza, Sabrina Skorski, Ranel Venter, Jürgen Beckmann
The relationship between recovery and fatigue and its impact on performance has attracted the interest of sports science for many years. An adequate balance between stress (training and competition load, other life demands) and recovery is essential for athletes to achieve continuous high-level performance. Research has focused on the examination of physiological and psychological recovery strategies to compensate external and internal training and competition loads. A systematic monitoring of recovery and the subsequent implementation of recovery routines aims at maximizing performance and preventing negative developments such as underrecovery, non-functional overreaching, the overtraining syndrome, injuries, or illnesses...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299978/psychological-support-for-sport-coaches-an-exploration-of-practitioner-psychologist-perspectives
#2
Sarah Kelly, Richard Thelwell, Jamie B Barker, Chris G Harwood
In the present study we add to the literature by exploring the degree to which UK practitioner psychologists perceive themselves able to support sport coaches, and how professional training prepares psychologists for coach work across performance domains. Ten participants comprising seven sport and exercise psychologists with Health Care Professions Council (HCPC) practitioner psychologist status and three trainee psychologists studying towards the British Psychological Society (BPS) qualification in sport and exercise psychology (QSEP) were individually interviewed...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299878/talent-identification-and-development-in-male-football-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Hugo Sarmento, M Teresa Anguera, Antonino Pereira, Duarte Araújo
BACKGROUND: Expertise has been extensively studied in several sports over recent years. The specificities of how excellence is achieved in Association Football, a sport practiced worldwide, are being repeatedly investigated by many researchers through a variety of approaches and scientific disciplines. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify and synthesise the most significant literature addressing talent identification and development in football. We identified the most frequently researched topics and characterised their methodologies...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289408/depressive-symptoms-in-the-young-athlete-after-injury-recommendations-for-research
#4
Allison R Palisch, Lisa Schaeg Merritt
It has been well documented that a serious injury to an athlete can cause psychological symptoms such as depression. However, much of the literature focuses on the collegiate athlete. Little is known about the prevalence of depressive symptoms in the young athlete who experiences an injury that adversely affects the ability to compete in his/her selected sport or may end athletic participation altogether. As sports specialization becomes increasingly widespread and age of participation becomes younger, depressive symptoms may be found in child and adolescent athletes...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250458/comparison-of-psychological-response-between-concussion-and-musculoskeletal-injury-in-collegiate-athletes
#5
Samantha Turner, Jody Langdon, George Shaver, Victoria Graham, Kelly Naugle, Thomas Buckley
The psychological response to musculoskeletal injuries has been well documented, however, research on the psychological response to concussion is limited. The Profile of Mood States (POMS) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) have recently been used to assess the psychological recovery of concussions. Although some studies indicate that psychological response is different for musculoskeletal injuries and concussion, there is currently not enough information to indicate this difference occurs at specific clinical milestones...
2017: Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239985/training-load-physical-performance-biochemical-markers-and-psychological-stress-during-a-short-preparatory-period-in-brazilian-elite-male-volleyball-players
#6
Thiago A G Horta, Maurício G Bara Filho, Danilo R Coimbra, R Miranda, Francisco Z Werneck
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between training load (TL) and physical performance, biochemical markers, and psychological stress during a short preparatory period (PP) in Brazilian elite male volleyball players. Twelve volleyball players from a team competing in the Brazilian Men's Volleyball Super League were enrolled (26.9 ± 4.6 years). Countermovement Jump (CMJ), Creatine Kinase (CK), Testosterone (T), Cortisol (Cr), T/Cr ratio, and Recovery and Stress Questionnaire for Athletes (RESTQ-Sport) were collected at baseline, after 2, 4, and 6 week...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238320/understanding-appearance-enhancing-drug-use-in-sport-using-an-enactive-approach-to-body-image
#7
Denis Hauw, Jean Bilard
From an enactive approach to human activity, we suggest that the use of appearance-enhancing drugs is better explained by the sense-making related to body image rather than the cognitive evaluation of social norms about appearance and consequent psychopathology-oriented approach. After reviewing the main psychological disorders thought to link body image issues to the use of appearance-enhancing substances, we sketch a flexible, dynamic and embedded account of body image defined as the individual's propensity to act and experience in specific situations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209517/clinical-course-and-recommendations-for-patients-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-and-subsequent-reconstruction-a-narrative-review
#8
Alli Gokeler, Bart Dingenen, Caroline Mouton, Romain Seil
Almost all athletes who have suffered an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury expect a full return to sports at the same pre-injury level after ACL reconstruction (ACLR). Detailed patient information on the reasonable outcomes of the surgery may be essential to improve patient satisfaction.Pre-operative rehabilitation before ACLR should be considered as an addition to the standard of care to maximise functional outcomes after ACLR.We propose an optimised criterion-based rehabilitation programme within a biopsychosocial framework...
October 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202169/psychological-impact-of-cognitive-rest-following-sport-related-concussion-on-low-socioeconomic-status-adolescent-patients
#9
Tamerah N Hunt, Laura L Harris
PURPOSE: Describe the psychological impact of cognitive rest in adolescents recovering from concussion from sport-related concussion. METHODS: Eight male football players with a previous sport concussion and full recovery completed semi-structured interviews during focus group sessions. Using content analysis, the researchers independently analyzed notes and transcriptions to identify themes associated with the psychological impact of cognitive rest. RESULTS: Common themes included: 1) sport as social support, and 2) boredom-complicated recovery following cognitive rest...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199550/facilitating-dual-careers-by-improving-resistance-to-chronic-stress-effects-of-an-intervention-programme-for-elite-student-athletes
#10
Jeffrey Sallen, Karen Hemming, Alfred Richartz
The starting point of this contribution is the potential risk to health and performance from the combination of elite sporting careers with the pursuit of education. In European sport science and politics, structural measures to promote dual careers in elite sports have been discussed increasingly of late. In addition to organisational measures, there are calls for educational-psychological intervention programmes supporting the successful management of dual careers at the individual level. This paper presents an appropriate intervention programme and its evaluation: stress-resistance training for elite athletes (SRT-EA)...
December 3, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177073/the-anticipatory-stress-response-to-sport-competition-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-cortisol-reactivity
#11
Kjell N van Paridon, Matthew A Timmis, Charlotte M Nevison, Matt Bristow
Objective: Athletes anticipating sport competition regularly experience distinct emotional and physiological responses as a result of the expected psychosocial and physical stress. Specifically, cortisol, an indicator of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activation, prepares the athlete for the psychological and physiological demands of competition. The objective of this meta-analysis is to analyse the magnitude of the anticipatory cortisol response in athletes preparing to participate in sport competition and to examine the influence of gender, level of competition and data collection time...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176381/barriers-to-the-prescription-of-psychological-strategies-by-strength-and-conditioning-specialists
#12
Dr Jon N Radcliffe, Dr Paul Comfort, Dr Tom Fawcett
The purpose of this paper was to explore the barriers to strength and conditioning coaches integrating psychological strategies within the strength and conditioning practice. The sample of accredited strength and conditioning coaches comprised 10 subjects working within the UK, 3 within the USA and 5 within Australia offering a cross section of experience from a range sporting disciplines and educational backgrounds. Subjects were interviewed using semi-structured interviews and thematic clustering was employed utilizing interpretative phonological analysis to identify common themes...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141464/understanding-posttraumatic-growth-of-paratriathletes-with-acquired-disability
#13
Chris Hammer, Leslie Podlog, Ross Wadey, Nick Galli, Anjali J Forber-Pratt, Maria Newton, Morgan Hall, Lindsey Greviskes
PURPOSE: To examine the relevance of key components of Organismic Valuing Theory of Growth through Adversity in understanding posttraumatic growth amongst paratriathletes with acquired disability. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews informed by organismic valuing theory of growth through adversity were conducted with 14 elite paratriathletes (eight male, six female). To increase the likelihood that participants had experienced posttraumatic growth, a short form of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory was completed prior to interview participation...
November 15, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138604/sport-related-anxiety-current-insights
#14
REVIEW
Jessica L Ford, Kenneth Ildefonso, Megan L Jones, Monna Arvinen-Barrow
To date, much research has been devoted to understanding how anxiety can affect sport performance, both in practice and in competitive settings. It is well known that sport has the potential for high levels of stress and anxiety, and that practicing and employing a range of psychological strategies can be beneficial in anxiety management. Equally, growing evidence also suggests that anxiety can play a role in sport injury prevention, occurrence, rehabilitation, and the return to sport process. The purpose of this paper is to provide current insights into sport-related anxiety...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134052/effects-of-an-interpersonal-style-intervention-for-coaches-on-young-soccer-players-motivational-processes
#15
Juan J Pulido, David Sánchez-Oliva, Francisco M Leo, Sergio Matos, Tomás García-Calvo
The main goal of the study was to assess the effects of an intervention programme developed with soccer coaches, based on promoting strategies to optimise the satisfaction of the basic psychological needs of athletes. Eight soccer coaches, aged between 19 and 50 years (M = 32.5; SD = 14.34), participated in the study. They were selected intentionally (without academic or federative training) and divided equally into a control and an experimental group by random peer selection. Also, 109 soccer players, aged between 11 and 15 years (M = 13...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134048/the-cognitive-and-motivation-intervention-program-in-youth-female-volleyball-players
#16
Fernando Claver, Ruth Jiménez, Alexander Gil-Arias, Alberto Moreno, M Perla Moreno
This study, grounded in Self-Determination Theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985, 2002) was aimed to determine the influence of a cognitive-motivational intervention program, to improve the basic psychological need satisfaction of autonomy and competence, autonomous motivation, procedural knowledge, perceived performance and sport commitment, in youth volleyball players. Participants included 34 Under-19 female volleyball players. A quasi-experimental design was carried out with an experimental group (n = 16; M = 17...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132378/protocol-for-the-study-of-self-perceived-psychological-and-emotional-well-being-of-young-paralympic-athletes
#17
Luca Puce, Lucio Marinelli, Laura Mori, Ilaria Pallecchi, Carlo Trompetto
BACKGROUND: We present the detailed protocol set up to investigate how agonistic sport affects the self-perceived psychological and emotional well-being of disabled young people. METHODS: The study will be carried out on a number of subjects as large as 800-1200, using well-established indices that give a quantitative measure of such well-being, namely SF-12 and PGWBI. The related questionnaires will be administered to the participants to a forthcoming international event, the European Para-Youth Games, 9-15 October 2017, Liguria, Italy, as well as to a reference population of a similar number of subjects, made up of young disabled people that do not practice agonistic sport...
November 13, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124507/pre-performance-physiological-state-heart-rate-variability-as-a-predictor-of-shooting-performance
#18
E Ortega, C J K Wang
Heart rate variability (HRV) is commonly used in sport science for monitoring the physiology of athletes but not as an indicator of physiological state from a psychological perspective. Since HRV is established to be an indicator of emotional responding, it could be an objective means of quantifying an athlete's subjective physiological state before competition. A total of 61 sport shooters participated in this study, of which 21 were novice shooters, 19 were intermediate shooters, and 21 were advanced level shooters...
November 10, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106335/psychosocial-development-through-masters-sport-what-can-be-gained-from-youth-sport-models
#19
Rylee A Dionigi, Jessica Fraser-Thomas, Rachael C Stone, Amy M Gayman
Although sport participation is encouraged throughout the lifespan, little research has been conducted on the role of sport in development later in life. This qualitative study explored adults' experiences of development within the context of Masters sport. We interviewed 14 adults (nine men and five women) aged 46-61 years involved in Masters sport. Data was interpreted drawing upon frameworks from youth sport (i.e., Personal Assets Framework for Sport; Côté, J., Bruner, M., Strachan, L., Erickson, K., & Fraser-Thomas, J...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098983/what-domains-of-clinical-function-should-be-assessed-after-sport-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Nina Feddermann-Demont, Ruben J Echemendia, Kathryn J Schneider, Gary S Solomon, K Alix Hayden, Michael Turner, Jiří Dvořák, Dominik Straumann, Alexander A Tarnutzer
BACKGROUND: Sport-related concussion (SRC) is a clinical diagnosis made after a sport-related head trauma. Inconsistency exists regarding appropriate methods for assessing SRC, which focus largely on symptom-scores, neurocognitive functioning and postural stability. DESIGN: Systematic literature review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane-DSR, Cochrane CRCT, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus (accessed July 9, 2016). ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Original (prospective) studies reporting on postinjury assessment in a clinical setting and evaluation of diagnostic tools within 2 weeks after an SRC...
June 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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