keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Athlete, sport nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872757/sports-nutrition-knowledge-among-mid-major-division-i-university-student-athletes
#1
Ashley Andrews, Janet R Wojcik, Joni M Boyd, Charles J Bowers
Competitive athletes have goals to optimize performance and to maintain healthy body composition. Sports nutrition is a component of training programs often overlooked by student-athletes and their coaches. The purpose of this study was to examine student-athletes' sports nutrition knowledge across sex, class level, team, and completion of prior nutrition coursework. Participants included 123 mid-major Division I university student-athletes (47 females and 76 males) from baseball, softball, men's soccer, track and field, and tennis...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858306/menthol-a-fresh-ergogenic-aid-for-athletic-performance
#2
Christopher J Stevens, Russ Best
The application of menthol has recently been researched as a performance-enhancing aid for various aspects of athletic performance including endurance, speed, strength and joint range of motion. A range of application methods has been used including a mouth rinse, ingestion of a beverage containing menthol or external application to the skin or clothing via a gel or spray. The majority of research has focussed on the use of menthol to impart a cooling sensation on athletes performing endurance exercise in the heat...
November 17, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834565/weight-re-gain-is-not-linked-to-success-in-a-real-life-multi-day-boxing-tournament
#3
Reid Reale, Gregory R Cox, Gary Slater, Louise M Burke
PURPOSE: Combat sport athletes acutely reduce body mass (BM) prior to weigh-in in an attempt to gain a size/strength advantage over smaller opponents. Few studies have investigated these practices among boxers and none have explored the impact of this practice on competitive success. METHODS: One hundred (30♀/70♂) elite boxers participating in the Australian National Championships were weighed at the official weigh-in and an hour before each competition bout...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824059/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-individuals-with-a-spinal-cord-injury-a-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
J L Flueck, C Perret
STUDY DESIGN: Literature review of studies investigating vitamin D status in individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI). OBJECTIVES: Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency seems to be high in the general population. Little is known regarding such a deficiency in individuals with a SCI. This review aimed to examine the literature that investigated vitamin D status in this population. SETTING: Switzerland. METHODS: A literature review was performed to investigate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in individuals with a SCI and to determine the factors leading to deficiency...
November 8, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806009/tapering-practices-of-croatian-open-class-powerlifting-champions
#5
Jozo Grgic, Pavle Mikulic
The aim of this study was to explore tapering practices among 10 Croatian open-class powerlifting champions (mean ± SD: age 29.2 ± 3.2 years; Wilks coefficient 355.1 ± 54.8). The athletes were interviewed about their tapering practices using a semi-structured interview, after which the audio content was transcribed. The athletes reported decreasing training volume during the taper by 50.5 ± 11.7% using a step type or an exponential type of taper with a fast decay. Training intensity was maintained or increased during the taper, and it reached its highest values 8 ± 3 days before the competition...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789774/post-exercise-muscle-glycogen-resynthesis-in-humans
#6
Louise M Burke, Luc J C van Loon, John A Hawley
Since the pioneering studies conducted in the 1960s in which glycogen status was investigated utilizing the muscle biopsy technique, sports scientists have developed a sophisticated appreciation of the role of glycogen in cellular adaptation and exercise performance, as well as sites of storage of this important metabolic fuel. While sports nutrition guidelines have evolved during the past decade to incorporate sport-specific and periodized manipulation of carbohydrate (CHO) availability, athletes attempt to maximise muscle glycogen synthesis between important workouts or competitive events so that fuel stores closely match to the demands of the prescribed exercise...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777542/gender-differences-and-access-to-a-sports-dietitian-influence-dietary-habits-of-collegiate-athletes
#7
Michael V Hull, Andrew R Jagim, Jonathan M Oliver, Mike Greenwood, Deanna R Busteed, Margaret T Jones
BACKGROUND: Limited research exists on the effect of a sports dietitian (SD) on athletes' dietary habits and nutrient periodization, which is the deliberate manipulation of macronutrient intake to match training goals. Further, the difference in dietary habits between men and women collegiate athletes has been understudied. A survey questionnaire examining dietary habits and practices was administered to athletes at two universities that employed a full time SD. Not all athletes used the SD as their primary source for nutritional guidance...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751748/-intensive-training-and-menstrual-disorders-in-young-female-impact-on-bone-mass
#8
L Maïmoun, F Paris, O Coste, C Sultan
Participation in recreational physical activity is widely acknowledged to provide significant health benefits. Conversely, intense training imposes several constraints, such as intermittent or chronic metabolic and psychogenic training stressors and maintenance of very low body fat to maximize performance. Adolescent and adult athletic women are therefore at risk of overtraining and/or poor dietary intake, which may have several consequences for endocrine function particularly on hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis...
October 14, 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715475/learning-to-eat-again-intuitive-eating-practices-among-retired-female-collegiate-athletes
#9
Carolyn R Plateau, Trent A Petrie, Anthony Papathomas
The present study used an open-ended survey to collect information about current eating practices and coping strategies among 218 retired female athletes. An inductive and deductive thematic analysis revealed three themes relevant to the intuitive eating framework-permission to eat; recognizing internal hunger and satiety cues; and eating to meet physical and nutritional needs. Athletes described feeling liberated with regards to their eating following retirement from sport, and for some this included an alleviation of disordered eating practices...
August 12, 2016: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710165/dietary-intake-body-composition-and-nutrition-knowledge-of-australian-football-and-soccer-players-implications-for-sports-nutrition-professionals-in-practice
#10
Brooke L Devlin, Michael D Leveritt, Michael Kingsley, Regina Belski
Sports nutrition professionals aim to influence nutrition knowledge, dietary intake and body composition to improve athletic performance. Understanding the interrelationships between these factors and how they vary across sports has the potential to facilitate better-informed and targeted sports nutrition practice. This observational study assessed body composition (DXA), dietary intake (multiple-pass 24-hour recall) and nutrition knowledge (two previously validated tools) of elite and sub-elite male players involved in two team-based sports; Australian football (AF) and soccer...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710146/high-prevalence-of-dehydration-and-inadequate-nutritional-knowledge-among-university-and-club-level-athletes
#11
Pamela J Magee, Alison M Gallagher, Jacqueline M McCormack
Although dehydration of ≥2% body weight (BW) loss significantly impairs endurance performance, dehydration remains prevalent among athletes and may be owing to a lack of knowledge in relation to fluid requirements. The aim of this study was to assess the hydration status of university/club level athletes (n=430) from a range of sports/activities (army officer cadet training; bootcamp training; cycling; Gaelic Athletic Association camogie, football and hurling; golf; hockey; netball; rugby; running (sprinting and endurance); Shotokan karate and soccer) immediately before and after training/competition and to assess their nutritional knowledge...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649760/conservative-management-of-a-femoral-neck-stress-fracture-in-a-female-athlete-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Ilias Katsougrakis, Alexandros P Apostolopoulos, Samantha Z Tross
UNLABELLED: Femoral-neck stress fractures are relatively rare and may present as sports-related injuries. The presentation is variable, and prompt diagnosis facilitates the earliest return to pre-morbid functional activity levels. Delayed detection may precipitate femoral non-union or avascular necrosis, resulting in long-term functional deficit. AIMS: We describe the clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic approach of a femoral-neck stress fracture that occurred in a 28-year-old female recreational runner...
2016: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649242/a-systematic-review-of-athletes-and-coaches-nutrition-knowledge-and-reflections-on-the-quality-of-current-nutrition-knowledge-measures
#13
REVIEW
Gina L Trakman, Adrienne Forsyth, Brooke L Devlin, Regina Belski
CONTEXT: Nutrition knowledge can influence dietary choices and impact on athletic performance. Valid and reliable measures are needed to assess the nutrition knowledge of athletes and coaches. OBJECTIVES: (1) To systematically review the published literature on nutrition knowledge of adult athletes and coaches and (2) to assess the quality of measures used to assess nutrition knowledge. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscuss, Web of Science, and SCOPUS...
September 16, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615123/nutritional-supplement-use-by-dutch-elite-and-sub-elite-athletes-does-receiving-dietary-counselling-make-a-difference
#14
Floris C Wardenaar, Ingrid Jm Ceelen, Jan-Willem Van Dijk, Roland Wj Hangelbroek, Lore Van Roy, Britte Van der Pouw, Jeanne Hm De Vries, Marco Mensink, Renger F Witkamp
The use of nutritional supplements is highly prevalent among athletes. In this cross-sectional study we assessed the prevalence of nutritional supplement use by a large group of Dutch competitive athletes in relation to dietary counselling. A total of 778 athletes (407 males and 371 females) completed a web-based questionnaire about the use of nutritional supplements. Log-binomial regression models were applied to estimate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) for the use of individual nutritional supplements in athletes receiving dietary counselling as compared to athletes not receiving dietary counselling...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611956/detection-of-the-diuretic-hydrochlorothiazide-in-a-doping-control-urine-sample-as-the-result-of-a-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-nsaid-tablet-contamination
#15
Hans-Jörg Helmlin, André Mürner, Samuel Steiner, Matthias Kamber, Christina Weber, Hans Geyer, Sven Guddat, Wilhelm Schänzer, Mario Thevis
Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, 6-chloro-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine-7-sulfonamide-1,1-dioxide) belongs to the class of diuretic agents that represent one of today's cornerstones of the treatment of hypertensive patients. In addition to its clinical relevance, HCTZ is prohibited in sports according to the regulations of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) at all times and has frequently been detected in sports drug testing urine samples worldwide since its ban was introduced in 1988. Despite these facts, the adverse analytical finding concerning HCTZ in an in-competition routine doping control sample collected in December 2014 was further investigated, particularly motivated by the comparably low urinary concentration of the drug accounting for approximately 5ng/mL...
October 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579968/the-frequency-of-weigh-ins-weight-intentionality-and-management-and-eating-among-female-collegiate-athletes
#16
Bailey P Tackett, Trent A Petrie, Carlin M Anderson
Female athletes often experience sport-environment pressures about weight, eating, and body composition from within the sport environment. One pressure that may be particularly debilitating is being weighed as a requirement of sport participation. Using 414 female collegiate athletes from weight-sensitive sports, we examined the frequency of weigh-ins, weight intentionality, weight-management practices, and eating and nutritional behaviors. Of the 41% of athletes who were weighed, most were done by athletic trainers in private (82%) and prepared by using at least one weight management strategy (75%)...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546324/prevalence-of-the-use-of-effective-ergogenic-aids-among-professional-athletes
#17
Barbara Frączek, Maja Warzecha, Florentyna Tyrała, Aleksandra Pięta
BACKGROUND: Athletic performance can be substantially enhanced with supplements and functional food which are considered by scientists as efficient, safe and legal, such as protein, carbohydrate and protein-carbohydrate supplements, isotonic sports drinks, carbohydrate-protein bars, carbohydrate bars, creatine and caffeine. OBJECTIVE: The study is aimed at an analysis and evaluation of the prevalence of using effective ergogenic aids (creatine, caffeine, isotonic drinks, carbohydrates, and proteins) in a group of Polish professional athletes...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544991/-ergogenic-sport-supplements-for-athletes
#18
REVIEW
Rakefet Arieli, Yair Lahav
Use of performance-enhancing supplements occurs at all levels of sports, from recreational athletes to professional athletes. Although some supplements do enhance athletic performance, many have no proven benefits and have adverse effects. Nutritional supplements are categorized into the following categories: I. Apparently Effective. II. Possibly Effective. III. Too Early To Tell. IV. Apparently Ineffective. This article will review 4 ergogenic supplements which are categorized in the first category--"Apparently Effective"--1) Buffer agents 2) Creatine 3) Caffeine and 4 Nitric Oxide...
June 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544985/-eating-attitudes-and-pre-competition-rapid-weight-loss-in-young-taekwondo-fighters
#19
Gal Dubnov-Raz, Yael Mashiach-Arazi, Rakefet Arieli, Raanan Raz, Naama W Constantini
BACKGROUND: Taekwondo is a martial art and a combat Olympic sport. Similar to other types of combat sports, Taekwondo fights are conducted between opponents grouped by sex, age and weight classes. Disordered eating behaviors are common in combat sports with weight classes, attributed to the athletes' need to remain within a specific weight range. Pre-competition rapid weight loss (RWL) is also common, and entails a health risk. AIM: To assess the eating attitudes and the prevalence and techniques of RWL among young Taekwondo fighters...
June 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529492/patterns-of-nutrition-and-dietary-supplements-use-in-young-egyptian-athletes-a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Safaa Tawfik, Nehal El Koofy, Eman Mohamed Ibraheim Moawad
The aim of this study was to investigate the pattern of basic and sport nutrition as well as perspectives of young Egyptian athletes. Structured interview survey measuring knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors about basic and sport nutrition was administered to adolescent athletes recruited from 4 sport clubs and 2 fitness centers in Greater Cairo governorate. A total of 358 participants aged 13-18 years completed questionnaires. Basic nutrition knowledge was reasonable in almost all domains except fast food...
2016: PloS One
keyword
keyword
30418
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"