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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091929/perception-of-injury-risk-among-amateur-muay-thai-fighters
#1
Stephen Strotmeyer, Reidar P Lystad
BACKGROUND: Muay Thai is a style of kickboxing that allows full-contact blows to an unprotected head, torso and legs, and, as in any combat sport, there is an inherent risk of injury. Previous observational studies have shown there is a substantial risk of injury in competitive kickboxing. None of these studies, however, have investigated the potential role of psychological risk factors and, consequently, little is known about the perception of injury risk among these athletes. Notwithstanding the important role risk perception may play in the occurrence and prevention of sports injuries, there is very limited empirical data pertaining to athletes in full-contact combat sports such as Muay Thai...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087165/radiographic-comparison-of-adolescent-athletes-with-elbow-osteochondritis-dissecans-to-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injuries-and-controls
#2
Brian C Lau, Nirav K Pandya
BACKGROUND: There are excellent data supporting recommendations to prevent elbow injuries (osteochondritis dissecans [OCD] and ulnar collateral ligament [UCL] injuries), such as pitch count and pitch type in baseball, but anatomic risk factors have not been thoroughly examined. This study aimed to evaluate radiographic measurements in adolescents with elbow OCD lesions or UCL injuries and controls. METHODS: We retrospectively identified adolescent patients between 2011 and 2016 with isolated capitellum OCD, UCL tear, or normal elbows based on magnetic resonance imaging...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065163/diagnostic-approach-to-catastrophic-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-racehorses
#3
Santiago S Diab, Susan M Stover, Francisco Carvallo, Akinyi C Nyaoke, Janet Moore, Ashley Hill, Rick Arthur, Francisco A Uzal
Catastrophic musculoskeletal injuries are the most common cause of euthanasia or spontaneous death in racehorses, and the most common cause of jockey falls with potential for serious human injury. Horses are predisposed to the vast majority of these injuries by preexisting lesions that can be prevented by early diagnosis and adequate bone injury management. A thorough examination of the musculoskeletal system in racehorses often determines the cause of these injuries and generates data to develop injury prevention strategies...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059948/sports-related-concussion-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
Christian A Refakis, Christian D Turner, Patrick J Cahill
Concussions are becoming increasingly important to manage properly as sports participation continues to rise. Repeated injuries occurring before the brain has had a chance to recover from an initial insult are particularly dangerous and must be prevented. Although much national media attention has been devoted to concussions in professional sports, it is important to appreciate that athletes in any age group, children and adolescents in particular, are at risk of sports-related concussion. It is crucial to remove an athlete from play any time concussion is suspected...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031760/the-effect-of-specific-sling-exercises-on-the-functional-movement-screen-score-in-adolescent-volleyball-players-a-preliminary-study
#5
Paweł Linek, Edward Saulicz, Andrzej Myśliwiec, Monika Wójtowicz, Tomasz Wolny
The existing data indicate that the result of the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) test influences the likelihood of subsequent injury in professional athletes. Therefore, exercises increasing test scores of the FMS may be useful at various stages of sports activity. This study evaluated the effects of the NEURAC sling exercises method on the FMS test score in teenage volleyball players. The study was conducted on 15 volleyball players aged 14 years. The FMS test was performed three times interspersed with a two-month interval...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031496/arthroscopic-transphyseal-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-adolescent-athletes
#6
Luca Dei Giudici, Roberto Fabbrini, Luca Garro, Serena Arima, Antonio Gigante, Agostino Tucciarone
PURPOSE: To evaluate the 5-year outcome of arthroscopic transphyseal anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in 19 adolescent athletes. METHODS: 14 male and 5 female adolescent athletes aged 12 to 16 (mean, 13.9) years with Tanner stage 2 or 3 open physes underwent arthroscopic transphyseal ACL reconstruction by a single surgeon and were followed up for 5 years. Patients were evaluated using the numerical rating score (NRS) for pain, knee osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS), International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Tegner Activity Scale, and Lysholm Score, as well as the leg length discrepancy, femorotibial alignment, varus or valgus deformities, active and passive knee range of motion...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027463/quantifying-knee-mechanics-during-balance-training-exercises
#7
Lauren C Benson, Thomas G Almonroeder, Kristian M O'Connor
Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is common among runners and those recovering from anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Training programs designed to prevent or treat injuries often include balance training, although balance interventions have been reported to coincide with more knee injuries. Knowledge of the effect of balance exercises on knee mechanics may be useful when designing training programs. High knee abduction moment has been implicated in the development of PFP, and imbalance between vastus lateralis (VL) and vastus medialis oblique (VMO) may contribute to patellofemoral stress...
December 24, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010854/a-tale-of-two-runners-a-case-report-of-athletes-experiences-with-eating-disorders-in%C3%A2-college
#8
Paula A Quatromoni
Athletes are at higher risk than the general population for eating disorders, and risk is heightened for athletes in thin-build sports, including track. Collegiate athletes are particularly vulnerable to disordered eating when the transition from home to the college environment adds to the stress of performance pressures and the high demands of the sport environment. Male and female athletes who develop eating disorders share some common characteristics, yet their experiences can be quite different, in part as a consequence of their sex and how eating disorders develop, and are recognized, acknowledged, and treated, within the culture of sports...
January 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005635/longitudinal-body-composition-changes-in-ncaa-division-i-college-football-players
#9
Eric T Trexler, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, J Bryan Mann, Pat A Ivey, Katie R Hirsch, Meredith G Mock
Trexler, ET, Smith-Ryan, AE, Mann, JB, Ivey, PA, Hirsch, KR, and Mock, MG. Longitudinal body composition changes in NCAA Division I college football players. J Strength Cond Res 31(1): 1-8, 2017-Many athletes seek to optimize body composition to fit the physical demands of their sport. American football requires a unique combination of size, speed, and power. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate longitudinal changes in body composition in Division I collegiate football players. For 57 players (mean ± SD, age = 19...
January 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999726/acute-tearing-of-the-oblique-abdominal-wall-insertion-onto-the-iliac-crest-in-an-australian-football-player-a-case-report
#10
Myles Murphy, Marshall Stockden, Bill Breidahl
BACKGROUND: Tears of the abdominal obliques have previously been reported in the vicinity of the lower ribs but they have not been reported in the vicinity of the iliac crest. The purpose of this case report is to describe the mechanism of injury and diagnosis of a distal abdominal oblique tear and subsequent rehabilitation programming. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21-year-old male Australian football player experienced acute right-sided abdominal pain during a game while performing a commonly executed rotation skill...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996918/tracking-u-s-professional-athletes-the-ethics-of-biometric-technologies
#11
Katrina Karkazis, Jennifer R Fishman
Professional sport in the United States has widely adopted biometric technologies, dramatically expanding the monitoring of players' biodata. These technologies have the potential to prevent injuries, improve performance, and extend athletes' careers; they also risk compromising players' privacy and autonomy, the confidentiality of their data, and their careers. The use of these technologies in professional sport and the consumer sector remains largely unregulated and unexamined. We seek to provide guidance for their adoption by examining five areas of concern: (1) validity and interpretation of data; (2) increased surveillance and threats to privacy; (3) risks to confidentiality and concerns regarding data security; (4) conflicts of interest; and (5) coercion...
January 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992246/toe-in-landing-increases-the-ankle-inversion-angle-and-moment-during-single-leg-landing-implications-in-the-prevention-of-lateral-ankle-sprains
#12
Yuta Koshino, Tomoya Ishida, Masanori Yamanaka, Mina Samukawa, Takumi Kobayashi, Harukazu Tohyama
CONTEXT: Identifying the foot positions that are vulnerable to lateral ankle sprains is important for injury prevention. The effects of foot position in the transverse plane on ankle biomechanics during landing are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of toe-in or toe-out positioning on ankle inversion motion and moment during single-leg landing. DESIGN: Repeated measures. SETTING: Motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen healthy participants (nine men and nine women)...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988093/the-strengthen-your-ankle-program-to-prevent-recurrent-injuries-a-randomized-controlled-trial-aimed-at-long-term-effectiveness
#13
M Van Reijen, I Vriend, V Zuidema, W van Mechelen, E A Verhagen
OBJECTIVES: Recurrent ankle sprains can be reduced by a neuromuscular training program (NMT). The way NMT is delivered may influence the incidence of long term recurrent injuries, residual pain and disability. DESIGN: This RCT with a follow-up of twelve months, evaluated whether the implementation method of a proven effective NMT program delivered by a mobile application or a written instruction booklet, resulted in differences in injury incidence rates, functional ankle disability/pain in the long term, assuming equal compliance - as is shown in previous research - with the 8-week intervention...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984833/-injuries-during-equestrian-vaulting
#14
M Endruweit, J Dargel, J Siewe, I Becker, R Sobottke
Background: Vaulting is the least studied equestrian sports regarding the occurrence of injuries. As its sequences of motion do not compare to riding, vaulting must be assessed separately. Material and Methods: This retrospective, questionnaire-aided survey was aimed to gain insight into the overall frequency of injuries among equestrian vaulters. The second part of the study looked into the knee injuries that occurred. Survey forms were sent to 60 vaulting and equestrian clubs all over Germany, making for a response rate of 63 %...
December 2016: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984832/-injuries-in-karate-sports-a-survey-performed-during-the-world-championship-2014
#15
T Tischer, B Lembcke, M Ellenrieder, Ä Glass, W Weigert, W Mittelmeier
Background: In literature, the competitive sport of modern karate is almost always characterised as a combat sport involving injuries caused by impact effects and physical contact with opponents. There is a lack of data regarding the outcome after karate injuries, specifically with a view to the contact-free Kata karate. Methods: Performing a random test using a questionnaire, we collected data concerning regular medical treatment, prior surgeries of the locomotor system, and medical care. This study included 300 athletes from 65 countries (average age: 24...
December 2016: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977300/preventive-neuromuscular-training-for-young-female-athletes-comparison-of-coach-and-athlete-compliance-rates
#16
Dai Sugimoto, Carl G Mattacola, Heather M Bush, Staci M Thomas, Kim D Barber Foss, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT:  Fewer athletic injuries and lower anterior cruciate ligament injury incidence rates were noted in studies of neuromuscular training (NMT) interventions that had high compliance rates. However, several groups have demonstrated that preventive NMT interventions were limited by low compliance rates. OBJECTIVE:  To descriptively analyze coach and athlete compliance with preventive NMT and compare the compliance between study arms as well as among school levels and sports...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975072/evaluation-of-shoulder-stabilizing-braces-can-we-prevent-shoulder-labrum-injury-in-collegiate-offensive-linemen
#17
Hayden P Baker, Vehniah K Tjong, Kevin F Dunne, Tory R Lindley, Michael A Terry
BACKGROUND: Shoulder injuries remain one of the most common injuries among collegiate football athletes. Offensive linemen in particular are prone to posterior labral pathology. PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of shoulder bracing in collegiate offensive linemen with respect to injury prevention, severity, and lost playing time. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Offensive linemen at a single collegiate institution wore bilateral shoulder-stabilizing braces for every contact practice and game beginning in the spring of 2013...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941042/apophyseal-injuries-in-children-s-and-youth-sports
#18
REVIEW
Umile Giuseppe Longo, Mauro Ciuffreda, Joel Locher, Nicola Maffulli, Vincenzo Denaro
INTRODUCTION: The authors reviewed the current English literature regarding apophyseal injuries affecting young athletes, to highlight the frequency and characteristics of these injuries, to clarify risk factors and specific prevention measures, and to identify future research objectives. SOURCES OF DATA: The authors performed a comprehensive search of the medical literature, using the Medline database, including all English articles. Various combinations of the Keywords 'injury', 'sports', 'athletic injuries', 'avulsion fractures', 'physeal', 'physis', 'apophysis', 'apophysitis', 'growth plate' were used...
December 2016: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918675/biomechanics-in-paralympics-implications-for-performance
#19
Floor Morriën, Matthew J D Taylor, Florentina J Hettinga
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of biomechanical studies in Paralympic research and their relevance for performance in Paralympic sports. METHODS: Search terms ' Paralympic Biomechanics', 'Paralympic Sport Performance', 'Paralympic Athlete Performance', and Paralympic Athlete' were entered into the electronic database PubMed. RESULTS: Thirty-four studies were included. Biomechanical studies in Paralympics mainly contributed to performance enhancement by technical optimization (n=32) and/or injury prevention (n=6)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918673/predictive-indicators-of-overuse-injuries-in-adolescent-endurance-athletes
#20
Daniel Martínez-Silván, Jaime Díaz-Ocejo, Andrew Murray
PURPOSE: To analyse the influence of training exposure and the utility of self-report questionnaires on predicting overuse injuries in adolescent endurance athletes. METHODS: 5 adolescent male endurance athletes (15.7 ± 1.4 yr) from a full-time sports academy answered 2 questionnaires (Recovery Cue; RC-q & Oslo Sports Trauma Research questionnaire; OSTRC-q) on a weekly basis for one season (37 wks) in order to detect (1) signs of overtraining and under-recovery (RC-q) and (2) early symptoms of lower limb injuries (OSTRC-q)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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