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Athlete, injury, prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435691/common-data-elements-collected-among-universities-for-sport-related-concussion-studies
#1
Jingzhen Yang, Corinne Peek-Asa, James M Noble, James Torner, Paul Schmidt, Martha L Cooper
BACKGROUND: Universities are increasingly implementing programs to effectively respond to and manage sport-related concussions (SRCs). One such effort is to develop common data elements (CDEs) and standardize data collection methods. The objectives of this study were to describe CDEs currently collected by Big Ten and Ivy League universities for SRC studies, and to compare the data collected with the core CDEs recommended by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)...
February 12, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431011/incidence-and-predictors-of-roller-derby-injuries-among-female-roller-derby-athletes
#2
Michelle L Cathorall, Andrew A Peachey
Little is known about roller derby injuries. To describe the types of injuries that female roller derby athletes experience, quantify the incidence of injuries and examine the relationship between selected demographic variables and injuries. Women's roller derby leagues were contacted explaining the study and requesting participation. A second message was sent with the link to the electronic questionnaire to collect data from March to June 2015. Of the 1 395 respondents, 48.7% (679) reported having at least one injury in the previous 12 months...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430263/traumatic-dental-injuries-resulting-from-sports-activities-immediate-treatment-and-five-years-follow-up-an-observational-study
#3
Enrico Spinas, Antonello Mameli, Luca Giannetti
Background: Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) represent 18-30% of all oral pathologies and a considerable number of these are sports related. It is very important to treat sports-related injuries and prevent complications. However, very few studies investigate the most expedient therapeutic strategies for the treatment of dental trauma correlated to sports. Objective: The aim of this work was to focus on the average recovery time for different lesions, to assess adequate times for each athlete, to identify any association with complications and to investigate whether or not the use of mouth-guards interfered with a full recovery to normal health...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420348/core-muscle-injuries-in-athletes
#4
Alexander E Poor, Johannes B Roedl, Adam C Zoga, William C Meyers
Lower abdominal and groin injuries are among the most common causes of pain and lost playing time in sports. Perhaps the most important obstacle in understanding these injuries is the lack of consensus on nomenclature. There have been numerous advances in recent years in the understanding, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of these injuries. The purpose of this review is to provide a general perspective on the current understanding of these injuries and a summary of recent advances.
February 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412695/high-injury-burden-in-elite-adolescent-athletes-a-52-week-prospective-study
#5
Philip von Rosen, Annette Heijne, Anna Frohm, Cecilia Friden, Anders Kottorp
CONTEXT:   Our understanding of the injury burden in elite adolescent athletes in most sports is limited or unknown because of the lack of prospective, long-term injury studies. OBJECTIVE:   To describe injury patterns in terms of type, location, prevalence and incidence, recurrence, and severity grade; time to first injury; and prevalence of illness in elite adolescent athletes and to compare differences in injury data by sex and sport type. DESIGN:   Cohort study...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407353/scapular-kinematics-in-professional-wheelchair-tennis-players
#6
Martin B Warner, David Wilson, Markus O Heller, Dan Wood, Peter Worsley, Sarah Mottram, Nick Webborn, DirkJan Veeger, Mark Batt
BACKGROUND: Participating in wheelchair tennis increases the demands placed on the shoulder and could increase the risk of developing shoulder pain and injury that might be associated with differences in scapular kinematics. The aim of the study was to examine the presence of shoulder pain and scapular kinematics in professional wheelchair tennis players. METHOD: Scapular kinematics were obtained in 11 professional wheelchair tennis players, 16 people with shoulder impingement and 16 people without shoulder impingement during humeral elevation and lowering...
January 29, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406619/oral-injuries-related-to-ice-iockey-in-the-province-of-alberta-canada-trends-over-15-years
#7
Jordan Rattai, Liran Levin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ice hockey players of all ages experience oral and dental injuries. The Aim of this study was to evaluate the rates of ice hockey related oral injuries, time lost due to oral injury and mechanisms of oral injuries in the province of Alberta during a 15 year period (2001-2016). METHODS: Hockey Alberta, the governing body for minor ice hockey associations across the province collects injury report forms from injured participants in sanctioned events...
February 6, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405808/functional-performance-measures-used-for-return-to-sport-criteria-in-youth-following-lower-extremity-injury
#8
Christie Powell, Jody Jensen, Samantha Johnson
As sport participation increases globally, so will the injury-related risks. The process used to determine return-to-sport, following injury, is vital to future sport participation and injury prevention. Early specialization along with poor management of sport participation causes an increase in injury risk and potential long-term health consequences for youth athletes. Previous injury is a common intrinsic risk factor for new injuries. Identifying functional performance deficits, defined by return-to-sport criteria, minimizes these risk factors and provides athletes guidelines to return safely to sport...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403318/cauliflower-ear-a-minimally-invasive-treatment-method-in-a-wrestling-athlete-a-case-report
#9
Josef Haik, Or Givol, Rachel Kornhaber, Michelle Cleary, Hagit Ofir, Moti Harats
Acute auricular hematoma can be caused by direct blunt trauma or other injury to the external ear. It is typically seen in those who practice full contact sports such as boxing, wrestling, and rugby. "Cauliflower ear" deformity, fibrocartilage formation during scarring, is a common complication of auricular hematomas. Therefore, acute drainage of the hematoma and postprocedural techniques for preventing recurrence are necessary for preventing the deformity. There are many techniques although no superior method of treatment has been found...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403232/evaluation-of-knowledge-awareness-and-occurrence-of-dental-injuries-in-participant-children-during-sports-in-new-delhi-a-pilot-study
#10
Mridula Goswami, Puneet Kumar, Urvashi Bhushan
Aim: To evaluate the occurrence of dental injuries in children, the level of knowledge of the participants about preventive measures, and management of dental trauma during sports, in New Delhi. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 450 children aged 6 to 16 years. A structured interviewer-guided questionnaire was used to determine the prevalence of oral injuries sustained during sport activities, the use of mouthguard as well as the athlete's awareness regarding use of mouthguard...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387447/prospective-monitoring-of-health-problems-among-recreational-runners-preparing-for-a-half-marathon
#11
Karsten Hollander, Antje Baumann, Astrid Zech, Evert Verhagen
Objectives: While the health benefits of running are legitimately advocated, participation in running can also lead to health problems. There is a high range of reported prevalence rates especially of running-related overuse injuries in high-level athletes and during competition. Little consensus exists for acute injuries and illnesses especially in recreational runners. Therefore, the aim of this study was to record the prevalence of health problems in recreational long-distance runners preparing for an event...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377710/incidence-severity-and-time-loss-associated-with-collegiate-football-fractures-2004-2005-to-2013-2014
#12
Mark A Cairns, Eddie K Hasty, Mackenzie M Herzog, Robert F Ostrum, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: The inherent risk of any time loss from physical injury in football has been extensively discussed, with many such injuries having a profound effect on the lives of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) football players. However, the incidence of fractures in collegiate football has not been well established. PURPOSE: To examine the epidemiology of fractures in NCAA football. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371012/association-between-magnetic-resonance-imaging-measured-intercondylar-notch-dimensions-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-a-meta-analysis
#13
Hui Li, Chao Zeng, Yilun Wang, Jie Wei, Tuo Yang, Yang Cui, Dongxing Xie, Hua Liu, Guang-Hua Lei
PURPOSE: To explore the association between the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-measured intercondylar notch dimensions, including the intercondylar notch width (NW) and intercondylar notch width index (NWI), and the risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury by performing a meta-analysis of studies that relied on the multiplanar imaging and soft-tissue visualization strengths of MRI. METHODS: The MEDLINE, Embase, and SportDiscus databases were searched from inception to March 2017...
January 20, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364796/injuries-in-portuguese-amateur-youth-football-players-a-six-month-prospective-descriptive-study
#14
Miguel Nogueira, Rita Laiginhas, José Ramos, Ovídio Costa
INTRODUCTION: This study analyzed the incidence and characteristics of injuries sustained by amateur youth football players in Portugal during season 2015 - 2016. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is an observational descriptive study. We analyzed Portuguese youth football players' injuries over six months of a season. A total of 529 players were divided according to their age in two groups (Under-17 and Under-19). Data on injuries were collected. RESULTS: Throughout all 62 062...
December 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362994/common-injuries-in-professional-football-quarterbacks
#15
REVIEW
Jacob M Kirsch, M Tyrrell Burrus, Asheesh Bedi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Professional football quarterbacks are at particular risk for upper extremity injuries due to the physical demands of their position coupled with the inherent risks associated with professional football. This review sought to evaluate current clinical literature to better characterize the injury profile unique to this athletic population. RECENT FINDINGS: Shoulder injuries are the most prevented upper extremity injury among professional football quarterbacks...
January 23, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360406/effect-of-hip-focused-injury-prevention-training-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-reduction-in-female-basketball-players-a-12-year-prospective-intervention-study
#16
Yorikatsu Omi, Dai Sugimoto, Setsurou Kuriyama, Tomohisa Kurihara, Kenji Miyamoto, Songjo Yun, Tatsuhiro Kawashima, Norikazu Hirose
BACKGROUND: Programs to prevent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in female basketball players are scarce. Also, ACL injury prevention training that focuses on hip joint function has not been reported. PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of a hip-focused ACL injury prevention program in female basketball players. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: A prospective intervention study was conducted for 12 years...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353376/injury-prevention-in-baseball-from-youth-to-the-pros
#17
REVIEW
Heath P Melugin, Nels D Leafblad, Christopher L Camp, Stan Conte
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines recent literature on injury epidemiology and prevention in the sport of baseball from youth to professional levels. RECENT FINDINGS: Overuse is the predominant mechanism of injury in youth baseball players. Newer stretching and exercise protocols may help prevent these injuries. At the professional level, however, overuse has not been proven to correlate with increased injury incidence, but pitch counts are still monitored...
January 20, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351158/physical-performance-measures-of-flexibility-hip-strength-lower-limb-power-and-trunk-endurance-in-healthy-navy-cadets-normative-data-and-differences-between-sex-and-limb-dominance
#18
Thiago Jambo Alves Lopes, Milena Simic, Daniel de Souza Alves, Priscila Dos Santos Bunn, Allan Inoue Rodrigues, Bruno de Souza Terra, Maicom da Silva Lima, Fabrício Miranda Ribeiro, Patrick Vilão, Evangelos Pappas
The objectives were to provide normative data on commonly used physical performance tests that may be associated with musculoskeletal injuries in Navy cadets, and assess for sex and limb dominance differences. A large cohort of Navy cadets were assessed for physical performance tests of flexibility (ankle dorsiflexion range of motion and sit and reach), isometric hip strength, lower limb power (single leg hop), and trunk endurance (plank and side plank tests). Besides providing normative data tables, sex and limb dominance differences were assessed by a two-way mixed ANOVA...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349018/open-4-compartment-fasciotomy-for-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-of-the-leg
#19
Amos Z Dai, Michael Zacchilli, Neha Jejurikar, Hien Pham, Laith Jazrawi
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a significant source of lower extremity pain and morbidity in the athletic population. Although endoscopic techniques have been introduced, open fasciotomy remains the mainstay of surgical treatment because of the paucity of evidence in support of an endoscopic approach. The literature on surgical management of CECS is mixed, and overall success rates are modest at best. Optimizing surgical technique, including prevention of neurovascular injury and wound complications, can make a significant impact on the clinical outcome...
December 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345524/recovery-and-performance-in-sport-consensus-statement
#20
Michael Kellmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Laurent Bosquet, Michel Brink, Aaron Coutts, Rob Duffield, Daniel Erlacher, Shona Halson, Anne Hecksteden, Jahan Heidari, Romain Meeusen, Iñigo Mujika, Claudio Robazza, Sabrina Skorski, Ranel Venter, Jürgen Beckmann
The relationship between recovery and fatigue and its impact on performance has attracted the interest of sports science for many years. An adequate balance between stress (training and competition load, other life demands) and recovery is essential for athletes to achieve continuous high-level performance. Research has focused on the examination of physiological and psychological recovery strategies to compensate external and internal training and competition loads. A systematic monitoring of recovery and the subsequent implementation of recovery routines aims at maximizing performance and preventing negative developments such as underrecovery, non-functional overreaching, the overtraining syndrome, injuries, or illnesses...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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