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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227731/injuries-in-japanese-junior-soccer-players-during-games-and-practices
#1
Kenji Kuzuhara, Masashi Shibata, Ryo Uchida
CONTEXT:   Soccer is the most popular junior sport in the world. In junior sports, injury analysis and injury-prevention measures for players, especially those under 12 years of age, are urgently needed. OBJECTIVE:   To prospectively study the incidence, sites, types, and mechanisms of injuries in elementary school-aged junior soccer players during games and practices. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Elementary school-aged junior soccer teams in Nagoya, Japan...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227730/physical-and-performance-characteristics-related-to-unintentional-musculoskeletal-injury-in-special-forces-operators-a-prospective-analysis
#2
Nicholas R Heebner, John P Abt, Mita Lovalekar, Kim Beals, Timothy C Sell, Jeffery Morgan, Shawn Kane, Scott Lephart
CONTEXT:   Seventy-seven percent of musculoskeletal injuries sustained by United States Army Special Forces Operators are preventable. Identification of predictive characteristics will promote the development of screening methods to augment injury-prevention programs. OBJECTIVE:   To determine physical and performance characteristics that predict musculoskeletal injuries. SETTING:   Clinical laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   A total of 95 Operators (age = 32...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226382/substantial-injuries-influence-ranking-position-in-young-elite-athletes-of-athletics-cross-country-skiing-orienteering
#3
Philip von Rosen, Annette Heijne
The relationship between injury and performance in young athletes is scarcely studied. The aim of this study was therefore to explore the association between injury prevalence and ranking position among adolescent elite athletes. 162 male and female adolescent elite athletes (age range 15-19), competing in athletics (n=59), cross-country skiing (n=66) and orienteering (n=37), were monitored weekly over 22-47 weeks using a web-based injury questionnaire. Ranking lists were collected. A significant (p=.003) difference was found in the seasonal substantial injury prevalence across the ranked athletes over the season, where the top-ranked (median 3...
December 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220207/mr-imaging-of-muscle-trauma-anatomy-biomechanics-pathophysiology-and-imaging-appearance
#4
Dyan V Flores, Catalina Mejía Gómez, Mauricio Estrada-Castrillón, Edward Smitaman, Mini N Pathria
Muscle is an important component of the muscle-tendon-bone unit, driving skeletal motion through contractions that alter the length of the muscle. The muscle and myotendinous junction (MTJ) are most commonly injured in the young adult, as a result of indirect mechanisms such as overuse or stretching, direct impact (penetrating or nonpenetrating), or dysfunction of the supporting connective tissues. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is widely used for assessment of muscle injuries. This review illustrates the MR imaging appearance of a broad spectrum of acute, subacute, and chronic traumatic lesions of muscle, highlighting the pathophysiology, biomechanics, and anatomic considerations underlying these lesions...
December 8, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216703/-effect-of-sports-training-in-angular-compartment-of-the-lower-limbs-in-children-footballers-aged-11-to-12-years-old
#5
J Burboa, M Bahamonde, M Inostroza, P Lillo, M Barahona, M Palet, J Hinzpeter
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury is an important cause of days lost in athletes. Most ACL injuries are non-contact and are associated with biomechanical risk factors that increase tension in the ACL: increased knee valgus (KV) and hip flexion (HF) and decreased flexion of knee (KF). Muscle around the knee contributes to knee stability, so fatigue produced by exercise could alter knee balance, increasing LCA tension. The aim of the study is to determine the angular behavior before and after a physical load for CF, RR and RV in children born in 2002-2003...
May 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212413/a-lower-extremity-strength-based-profile-of-ncaa-division-i-women-s-basketball-and-gymnastics-athletes-implications-for-knee-joint-injury-risk-assessment
#6
Brennan J Thompson, Curtis S Cazier, Eadric Bressel, Dennis G Dolny
This study aimed to provide a comprehensive strength-based physiological profile of women's NCAA Division I basketball and gymnastic athletes; and to make sport-specific comparisons for various strength characteristics of the knee flexor and extensor muscles. A focus on antagonist muscle balance (hamstrings-to-quadriceps ratios, H:Q) was used to elucidate vulnerabilities in these at-risk female athletes. Fourteen NCAA Division I women's basketball and 13 gymnastics athletes performed strength testing of the knee extensors and flexors...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206691/comprehensive-review-of-skiing-and-snowboarding-injuries
#7
Brett D Owens, Christopher Nacca, Andrew P Harris, Ross J Feller
Skiing and snowboarding have increased in popularity since the 1960s. Both sports are responsible for a substantial number of musculoskeletal injuries treated annually by orthopaedic surgeons. Specific injury patterns and mechanisms associated with skiing and snowboarding have been identified. No anatomic location is exempt from injury, including the head, spine, pelvis, and upper and lower extremities. In these sports, characteristic injury mechanisms often are related to the position of the limbs during injury, the athlete's expertise level, and equipment design...
November 29, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204453/physical-and-functional-differences-in-youth-baseball-players-with-and-without-throwing-related-pain
#8
Elliot M Greenberg, J Todd R Lawrence, Alicia Fernandez-Fernandez, Kshamata Shah, Casey McKenna, Marcus L Rowan, JongMyung Kim, Phillip McClure
Background: Identifying risk factors that contribute to shoulder and elbow pain within youth baseball players is important for improving injury prevention and rehabilitation strategies. Hypothesis: Differences will exist between youth baseball players with and without a history of upper extremity pain on measures related to growth, shoulder performance, and baseball exposure. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 84 youth baseball players were divided into 2 groups based on self-reported history of throwing-related arm pain...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202636/range-of-motion-and-ankle-injury-history-association-with-sex-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-athletes
#9
Dai Sugimoto, Ronald E McCartney, Robert L Parisien, Jesse Dashe, Dennis R Borg, William P Meehan
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprain is one of the most common musculoskeletal injuries among young athletes, and there remains a gap in the literature regarding susceptibility to such injuries among physically active youth. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the associations between sex, a history of ankle sprain, and ankle range of motion (ROM) in pediatric and adolescent athletes. METHODS: Athletes under the age of 18 years old who presented to a sports injury prevention center underwent ankle ROM measurements including plantarflexion (PF), inversion (IV), and eversion (EV)...
December 4, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189471/a-novel-approach-to-reducing-workers-compensation-costs-in-a-multicenter-hospital-system
#10
Paul A Ullucci, Joseph Scott, Bradley Silverman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of an injury prevention and monitoring program implemented by athletic trainers to reduce workers compensation costs in a hospital system with multiple centers and locations. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of workers compensation claims (ie, lost days, light days, and incurred costs) was performed to compare injury data from 2 years before to 2 years after the start of the program. RESULTS: The program significantly reduced the organization's incurred costs by 46...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184511/dose-response-relationship-of-neuromuscular-training-for-injury-prevention-in-youth-athletes-a-meta-analysis
#11
Simon Steib, Anna L Rahlf, Klaus Pfeifer, Astrid Zech
Background: Youth athletes with intensive sports participation are at an increased risk of sustaining injuries. Neuromuscular training programs reduce sports-related injury risk in this population, however, the dose-response relationship is largely unknown. Thus, the aim of this meta-analysis was to identify the optimal frequency, volume, duration, and period of neuromuscular training to prevent injuries in youth athletes. Methods: Computerized database searches (PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, The Cochrane Library, PEDro) were conducted in January 2017, with search terms related to youth sports, neuromuscular training, and injury prevention...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181259/injury-patterns-in-adolescent-elite-endurance-athletes-participating-in-running-orienteering-and-cross-country-skiing
#12
Philip von Rosen, Frida Floström, Anna Frohm, Annette Heijne
Background: Prospective injury registration studies, monitoring adolescent elite athletes, are sparse in running, orienteering and cross-country skiing, yet essential for developing prevention programs. Purpose: The aims of this study were to describe the injury prevalence/incidence, severity grade, injury location, risk factors and the prevalence of illness in running (RU), orienteering (OR) and cross-country skiing athletes (CR). Study Design: Prospective cohort study...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181254/hip-range-of-motion-in-recreational-weight-training-participants-a-descriptive-report
#13
Scott Cheatham, William J Hanney, Morey J Kolber
Background: The surveillance of hip injuries and risk factors have become an emerging focus in sports medicine due to the increased recognition of hip pathologies. Researchers suggest that decreased hip range of motion (ROM) is a risk factor for injury in various athletic activities. One under reported population that has potential for hip injuries is recreational weight training (WT) participants. Currently, no studies have reported hip ROM values in WT participants which creates a knowledge gap in this population...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166930/a-prospective-cohort-study-identifying-risk-factors-for-shoulder-injuries-in-adolescent-elite-handball-players-the-karolinska-handball-study-khast-study-protocol
#14
Martin Asker, Markus Waldén, Henrik Källberg, Lena W Holm, Eva Skillgate
BACKGROUND: Handball is a physical contact sport that includes frequent overhead throwing, and this combination leads to a high rate of shoulder injuries. Several factors have been associated with shoulder injuries in overhead athletes, but strong scientific evidence is lacking for most suggested risk factors. We therefore designed the Karolinska Handball Study (KHAST) with the aim to identify risk factors for shoulder injuries in adolescent male and female elite handball players studying at handball-profiled secondary schools in Sweden...
November 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164130/comparison-of-an-innovative-rehabilitation-combining-reduced-conventional-rehabilitation-with-balneotherapy-and-a-conventional-rehabilitation-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-athletes
#15
Laetitia Peultier-Celli, Didier Mainard, Frank Wein, Nicolas Paris, Patrick Boisseau, Alexandre Ferry, René Gueguen, Isabelle Chary-Valckenaere, Jean Paysant, Philippe Perrin
Background: Instability of the knee, related to anterior cruciate ligament injury, is treated by surgical reconstruction. During recovery, a loss of proprioceptive input can have a significant impact. Few studies have evaluated the benefits of rehabilitation of the knee in aquatic environment on functional outcomes. Objective: This study aimed to compare an innovative rehabilitation protocol combining reduced conventional rehabilitation with aquatic rehabilitation, with a conventional rehabilitation, according to the National French Health Authority, in terms of kinetics, development of proprioceptive skills, and functional improvement of the knee...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163326/systematic-review-of-traumatic-brain-injuries-in-baseball-and-softball-a-framework-for-prevention
#16
Michael D Cusimano, Alice Zhu
Background: Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are an important public health challenge. The classification of baseball and softball as low contact sports and their association with extremity injuries cause individuals to overlook the risk of TBI in baseball and softball. Purpose: To summarize our knowledge of the epidemiology and risk factors of TBIs associated with baseball and softball with an aim to better design and implement preventive strategies. Methods: A search algorithm containing keywords that were synonymous to the terms "TBI," "baseball" was applied to the following nine databases: MEDLINE, Scopus, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Healthstar, PsychINFO, AMED, Cochrane library...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162768/coexistence-of-trunk-or-lower-extremity-pain-with-elbow-and-or-shoulder-pain-among-young-overhead-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Takuya Sekiguchi, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Yutaka Yabe, Shinichiro Yoshida, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Eiji Itoi, Ryoichi Nagatomi
Elbow or shoulder injuries are common in overhead sports. Because energy derived from the lower extremity passes through the trunk to the upper extremity in overhead motion, a break in such a kinetic chain could lead to arm injuries. However, there is only limited information about the role of the trunk and lower extremity support in preventing elbow or shoulder injuries. This study aimed to explore the association of trunk and lower extremity pain with elbow/shoulder pain among young overhead athletes. We conducted a cross-sectional study using self-reported questionnaires mailed to young athletes belonging to the Miyagi Amateur Sports Association...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162658/hand-and-wrist-injuries-among-us-high-school-athletes-2005-06-2015-16
#18
Bernadette K Johnson, Lina Brou, Sarah K Fields, Alexandria N Erkenbeck, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: The risk of hand/wrist injuries is present across various sports. Little is known about the epidemiology of such injuries. The objective of this study was to calculate the rates of hand/wrist injuries and investigate injury patterns among high school athletes. METHODS: Athlete exposure (AE) and hand/wrist injury data were collected during 11 academic years, 2005/06 through 2015/16, from a large sample of US high schools as part of the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance Study...
November 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161335/shoulder-complaints-in-wheelchair-athletes-a-systematic-review
#19
Omar W Heyward, Riemer J K Vegter, Sonja de Groot, Lucas H V van der Woude
BACKGROUND: In recent years the popularity of disabled sports and competition among disabled athletes has grown considerably. With this rise in exposure of, and participation in wheelchair sports comes an increase in related stressors, including musculoskeletal load. External mechanical loading may increase the risk of shoulder complaints. The objective of this literature review was to 1) identify and describe the prevalence and/or incidence of shoulder complaints in wheelchair athletes in the literature, to 2) examine the factors and underlying mechanisms that could be potentially involved, and 3) provide some insights into the development of preventative measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159682/physiological-and-biomechanical-responses-of-highly-trained-distance-runners-to-lower-body-positive-pressure-treadmill-running
#20
Kyle R Barnes, Jessica N Janecke
BACKGROUND: As a way to train at faster running speeds, add training volume, prevent injury, or rehabilitate after an injury, lower-body positive pressure treadmills (LBPPT) have become increasingly commonplace among athletes. However, there are conflicting evidence and a paucity of data describing the physiological and biomechanical responses to LBPPT running in highly trained or elite caliber runners at the running speeds they habitually train at, which are considerably faster than those of recreational runners...
November 21, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
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