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Athlete, injury, prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021905/the-waterpolo-shoulder-paradigm-results-of-ultrasound-surveillance-at-poolside
#1
Felice Galluccio, Eleonora Bellucci, Francesco Porta, Lorenzo Tofani, Amato De Paulis, Diana Bianchedi, Tatiana Barskova, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
BACKGROUND: Waterpolo consists of a combination of swimming and throwing with close contact between players. The shoulder is the most frequently injured joint, with a combination of rotator cuff tear and tendinopathy, long head biceps tendinopathy, superior labral lesions and shoulder impingement. This unique combination is a challenge for the clinician who must determine which of these shoulder pathologies is responsible for the onset of pain and the best strategy to rehabilitate the joint and prevent recurrence...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019379/special-smiles-sports-dentistry-and-the-special-needs-athlete
#2
EDITORIAL
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman, Luc Marks, Thaddeus J Arnold
There is a need to expand dental services to underserved populations, such as athletes with intellectual and developmental disabilities. This review introduces dentists to this need by sharing the direction taken by the Special Smiles program of Special Olympics and addressing the need to educate special needs athletes on prevention and care of sports-related mouth injuries.
June 22, 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994332/ultrasonography-findings-and-physical-examination-outcomes-in-dancers-with-and-without-patellofemoral-pain
#3
Itzhak Siev-Ner, Myriam D Stern, Shay Tenenbaum, Alexander Blankstein, Aviva Zeev, Nili Steinberg
OBJECTIVES: To identify whether a physical examination for patello-femoral pain (PFP) is related to ultrasonography findings at the knee, and to identify possible factors related to PFP in young dancers. METHODS: Sixty-seven young female dancers (7th grade, aged 12.8±0.5) from three schools with identical special dance programs were included in the study. All the dancers were interviewed for demographic details, dance background, and training intensity; were evaluated for anthropometric measurements; underwent physical examination of both knees for PFP and for knee range of motion (ROM); and, had ultrasonography assessment for pathologies and of anatomical parts of their knees...
October 10, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985702/descriptive-epidemiology-of-injuries-sustained-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-men-s-and-women-s-volleyball-2013-2014-to-2014-2015
#4
Christine M Baugh, Gil S Weintraub, Andrew J Gregory, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: There were 18,844 volleyball players in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the 2014-2015 academic year. Little research has examined sex-based differences among these athletes. PURPOSE: To examine injury epidemiology in NCAA men's and women's volleyball athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Injury surveillance data from the 2013-2014 through 2014-2015 academic years were obtained from the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program for 6 men's and 33 women's collegiate volleyball teams...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985697/characterization-of-prepractice-injury-prevention-exercises-of-high-school-athletic-teams
#5
James R Slauterbeck, Autumn Reilly, Pamela M Vacek, Rebecca Choquette, Timothy W Tourville, Bert Mandelbaum, Robert J Johnson, Bruce D Beynnon
BACKGROUND: Static and dynamic exercises are performed before activity to decrease injury risk and increase performance. Although evidence supports using dynamic over static stretching and performing Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 11+ as a dynamic prepractice routine, we do not know the frequency at which these exercises are utilized in high school populations. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that there is a wide variety of preparticipation exercises performed by high school athletes, and that few high school teams perform FIFA 11+ as an injury prevention program in its entirety...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983841/evidence-based-concepts-for-prevention-of-knee-and-acl-injuries-2017-guidelines-of-the-ligament-committee-of-the-german-knee-society-dkg
#6
Julian Mehl, Theresa Diermeier, Elmar Herbst, Andreas B Imhoff, Thomas Stoffels, Thore Zantop, Wolf Petersen, Andrea Achtnich
INTRODUCTION: Knee injuries and especially anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are frequent in athletes. Therefore, primary and secondary prevention of sports-related lower limb injuries is an ongoing topic of interest. The aim of present study was to establish guidelines for the prevention of knee and ACL injuries on the basis of evidence-based concepts represented in current literature. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review regarding prevention programs for knee and ACL injuries was conducted...
October 5, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979857/osteoarthritis-action-alliance-consensus-opinion-best-practice-features-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-lower-limb-injury-prevention-programs
#7
Thomas Trojian, Jeffrey Driban, Rathna Nuti, Lindsay Distefano, Hayley Root, Cristina Nistler, Cynthia LaBella
AIM: To identify best practice features of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and lower limb injury prevention programs (IPPs) to reduce osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: This consensus statement started with us performing a systematic literature search for all relevant articles from 1960 through January 2017 in PubMed, Web of Science and CINAHL. The search strategy combined the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) and keywords for terms: (1) ACL OR "knee injury" OR "anterior cruciate ligament"; (2) "prevention and control" OR "risk reduction" OR "injury prevention" OR "neuromuscular training"; and (3) meta-analysis OR "systematic review" OR "cohort study" OR randomized...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976815/dissemination-and-implementation-strategies-of-lower-extremity-preventive-training-programs-in-youth-a-clinical-review
#8
Lindsay J DiStefano, Barnett S Frank, Hayley J Root, Darin A Padua
CONTEXT: Neuromuscular preventive training programs effectively reduce injury and improve performance in youth athletes. However, program effectiveness is directly linked to program compliance, fidelity, and dosage. Preventive training programs are not widely adopted by youth sport coaches. One way to promote widespread dissemination and compliance is to identify implementation strategies that influence program adoption and maintenance. It is unknown how previously published programs have followed the elements of an implementation framework...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975240/research-gaps-and-controversies-in-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-a-review
#9
Breton M Asken, Molly J Sullan, Steven T DeKosky, Michael S Jaffee, Russell M Bauer
Importance: Scientific and lay interest in negative outcomes associated with exposure to repetitive brain trauma (RBT) continues to strengthen. Concerns about the association between RBT and dementia began more than a century ago, but have resurfaced in the last decade with the more recently described chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Chronic traumatic encephalopathy is a tauopathy associated with RBT that has become inextricably linked to conversations about sport-related concussion and mild traumatic brain injury...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966376/current-concepts-in-sports-injury-rehabilitation
#10
Himmat Dhillon, Sidak Dhilllon, Mandeep S Dhillon
In the modern era, rehabilitation after sports injury has become a domain for specialists, and its evolution has necessarily brought together the sports physiotherapist, the sports physician, and the orthopedic surgeon. The changing profile of sports related injury, as well as limited availability of facilities for rehabilitation in many areas of India, is a matter of concern. Elite sportspersons have some protection, but the average athlete is often left to fend for himself. Key factors in successful sports injury rehabilitation protocols are the application of modern rehabilitation protocols under appropriate supervision, appropriate and well timed surgical interventions, and judicious and need based use of pharmaceutical agents...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963384/simultaneous-combined-complete-tear-of-radial-and-ulnar-collateral-ligaments-of-thumb-in-an-adolescent
#11
Anil K Bhat, Prajwal Prabhudev Mane, Ashwath Acharya, Sandesh Madi
Isolated tear of collateral ligaments of thumb are common but combined injuries of both radial and ulnar collateral ligaments are rare. These cases are reported in athletes involved in high-impact sports. Here, we report a case of a 15-year-old boy with pain at base of the thumb and instability following low-impact sporting activity. On subsequent clinicoradiological assessment, simultaneous combined complete tear of both radial and ulnar collateral ligaments of the thumb was noted. Delayed primary repair of both collateral ligaments was done...
September 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961069/symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-and-related-stressors-in-danish-professional-football-and-handball
#12
Özgür Kilic, Haruhito Aoki, Rasmus Haagensen, Claus Jensen, Urban Johnson, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Vincent Gouttebarge
The aim of the study was twofold, namely (i) to determine the prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMDs) among current and retired professional football and handball players and (ii) to explore the relationship of psychosocial stressors with the outcome measures under study. A total of 1155 players were enrolled in an observational study based on a cross-sectional design. Questionnaires based on validated scales were set up and distributed among current and retired professional football and handball players by the Danish football and handball players' union...
September 29, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954799/a-systematic-review-of-prospective-epidemiological-research-into-injury-and-illness-in-olympic-combat-sport
#13
REVIEW
Sally J Bromley, Michael K Drew, Scott Talpey, Andrew S McIntosh, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: Combat sports involve body contact through striking, kicking and/or throwing. They are anecdotally referred to as 'dangerous', yet long-term investigation into specific injury rates is yet to be explored. OBJECTIVE: To describe incidence and prevalence of injury and illness within Olympic combat sports and to investigate risk of bias of prospective injury and illness research within these sports. METHODS: We systematically searched literature published up until May 2016...
September 27, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952868/comparison-of-thigh-muscle-strain-occurrence-and-injury-patterns-between-male-and-female-high-school-soccer-athletes
#14
Kevin M Cross, Kelly K Gurka, Susan Saliba, Mark Conaway, Jay Hertel
CONTEXT: Thigh muscles strains are among the most common injuries in high school soccer for both males and females. Similar results have been reported among collegiate soccer players, specifically for hamstring strains. In collegiate soccer, males have a higher injury rate than women although they share common injury characteristics. Currently, no studies exist comparing the injury rate or injury characteristics of thigh muscle strains between sexes playing high school soccer. OBJECTIVE: To compare thigh muscle strain injury rates and injury event characteristics among sexes participating in high school soccer...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951881/state-level-implementation-of-health-and-safety-policies-to-prevent-sudden-death-and-catastrophic-injuries-within-secondary-school-athletics
#15
William M Adams, Samantha E Scarneo, Douglas J Casa
BACKGROUND: Sudden death and catastrophic injuries during sport can be attenuated with the implementation of evidence-based health and safety policies. However, the extent of the implementation of these policies within secondary school athletics is unknown. PURPOSE: To provide an assessment of the implementation of health and safety policies pertaining to the leading causes of sudden death and catastrophic injuries in sport within secondary school athletics in the United States...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948583/a-narrative-review-of-the-physical-demands-and-injury-incidence-in-american-football-application-of-current-knowledge-and-practices-in-workload-management
#16
REVIEW
Toby Edwards, Tania Spiteri, Benjamin Piggott, G Gregory Haff, Christopher Joyce
The sport of American football (AmF) exposes athletes to high-velocity movements and frequent collisions during competition and training, placing them at risk of contact and non-contact injury. Due to the combative nature of the game, the majority of injuries are caused by player contact; however, a significant number are also non-contact soft-tissue injuries. The literature suggests that this mechanism of injury can be prevented through workload monitoring and management. The recent introduction of microtechnology into AmF allows practitioners and coaches to quantify the external workload of training and competition to further understand the demands of the sport...
September 25, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944650/acute-and-overuse-injuries-in-elite-archers
#17
Claudia K Niestroj, Volker Schöffl, Thomas Küpper
BACKGROUND: To evaluate type and incidence of acute and overuse injuries in high level European and German competitive archers. METHODS: Participants of the German National Indoor Championship (DM) 2012 in Solingen, Germany, and European Outdoor Championship (EM) 2012 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, participated in the study. The design was a retrospective cohort study performed by a questionnaire. Data obtained included standard personal data (age, gender), training habits, draw weight, competition experience, and detailed data about acute and overuse injuries that occurred during the entire sporting career of the archers...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944643/injury-rates-in-martial-art-athletes-anthropometric-parameters-and-training-volume-but-not-foot-morphology-indexes-are-predictive-risk-factors-for-lower-limb-injuries
#18
Jacopo A Vitale, Tito Bassani, Fabio Galbusera, Alberto Bianchi, Nicolò Martinelli
BACKGROUND: Previous studies attempted to identify possible risk factors for acute and overuse injuries in several sports disciplines such as running, gymnastics or team sports. Given the lack of scientific works focused on risk factors for lower limb injuries in martial arts, the present study was aimed to investigate foot anatomy, anthropometric measures, and other background information as possible risk factors of injury in barefoot athletes practicing judo, karate, kung fu, thai boxe, or aikido...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937802/epidemiology-of-stress-fractures-in-collegiate-student-athletes-2004-2005-through-2013-2014-academic-years
#19
Katherine H Rizzone, Kathryn E Ackerman, Karen G Roos, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Stress fractures are injuries caused by cumulative, repetitive stress that leads to abnormal bone remodeling. Specific populations, including female athletes and endurance athletes, are at higher risk than the general athletic population. Whereas more than 460 000 individuals participate in collegiate athletics in the United States, no large study has been conducted to determine the incidence of stress fractures in collegiate athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the incidence of stress fractures in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes and investigate rates and patterns overall and by sport...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931992/knee-injury-and-osteoarthritis-outcome-score-of-korean-national-ice-hockey-players
#20
Hyeyoung Kim, Sujin Hwang, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] To investigate sports injuries in Korean national ice hockey players by surveying parts, times, types, frequency, cure, and prevention types of sports injuries and provide basic data for injury prevention and performance improvement of ice hockey players. Another purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of ice hockey injuries according to age and the relationship between etiological factors and injuries in high school students. [Subjects and Methods] This was a cross-sectional study. Eighteen female ice hockey players in Korean elite athletes were recruited for this study...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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