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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918506/young-athletes-after-acl-reconstruction-with-quadriceps-strength-asymmetry-at-the-time-of-return-to-sport-demonstrate-decreased-knee-function-1%C3%A2-year-later
#1
Matthew P Ithurburn, Alex R Altenburger, Staci Thomas, Timothy E Hewett, Mark V Paterno, Laura C Schmitt
PURPOSE: Quadriceps femoris (QF) strength deficits at return-to-sport (RTS) after ACL reconstruction (ACLR) contribute to decreased knee function at the same time point. However, the impact of QF strength at RTS on longitudinal function has not been examined. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that young athletes after ACLR with QF strength asymmetry at RTS would demonstrate decreased knee-related function and lower proportions of functional recovery at 1 year post-RTS compared to young athletes following ACLR with nearly symmetric QF strength at RTS...
September 16, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918117/mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-high-school-football-player-with-familial-hemiplegic-migraine-a-case-report
#2
Manisha R Chand, Sumit Kanwar, Evan Peck
Mild traumatic brain injury is a major concern in young athletes, with an estimated 1.6 to 3.8 million reported concussions in the US annually. Familial hemiplegic migraine is a rare autosomal-dominant condition characterized by sporadic episodes of transient unilateral motor weakness which may begin at any age. We present a case of a 17-year-old male with a history of familial hemiplegic migraine who suffered prolonged symptoms following a mild traumatic brain injury during sports participation.
September 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917521/midterm-results-of-combined-intra-and-extra-articular-acl-reconstruction-compared-to-historical-acl-reconstruction-data-multicenter-study-of-the-francophone-society-of-arthroscopy
#3
P Imbert, S Lustig, C Steltzlen, C Batailler, P Colombet, F Dalmay, S Bertiaux, P D'ingrado, F P Ehkirch, M L Louis, R Pailhé, J C Panisset, B Schlaterrer, B Sonnery-Cottet, L Sigwalt, D Saragaglia, C Lutz
INTRODUCTION: During anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction procedures, anterolateral reconstruction (ALR) can also be performed to improve the knee's rotational stability. However, the effectiveness of this supplemental technique and its impact on the risk of retears and on the onset of secondary degenerative changesare controversial. HYPOTHESIS: ALR improves control over the pivot shift, reduces the retear risk and delays the appearance of secondary degenerative lesions...
September 13, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916167/structural-neuroimaging-in-sport-related-concussion
#4
Erin D Bigler
Structural neuroimaging of athletes who have sustained a sports-related concussion (SRC) can be viewed as either standard clinical imaging or with advanced neuroimaging methods that quantitatively assess brain structure. Negative findings from conventional computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the norm in SRC. Nonetheless, these conventional measures remain the first line of neuroimaging of the athlete as they do detect clinically significant pathologies, when present, such as hemorrhagic abnormalities in the form of hematomas, contusions and mircobleeds along with regions of focal encephalomalacia or other signal abnormalities, with CT best capable of detecting skull fractures...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915772/hypermobility-in-adolescent-athletes-pain-functional-ability-quality-of-life-and-musculoskeletal-injuries
#5
Heidi Schmidt, Trine Lykke Pedersen, Tina Junge, Raoul Engelbert, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
Study Design Cross-sectional. Background Generalised joint hypermobility (GJH) may increase pain and likelihood of injuries and also decrease function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in elite level adolescent athletes. Objectives To assess the prevalence of GJH in elite level adolescent athletes, and to study the association of GJH with pain, function, HRQoL, and musculoskeletal injuries. Methods A total of 132 elite level adolescent athletes (36 males; 96 females), mean (SD) age 14.0 (0.9) years, participated (n=22 ballet dancers, n=57 teamgym gymnasts, n=53 team handball players)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912731/long-term-athletic-development-in-youth-alpine-ski-racing-the-effect-of-physical-fitness-ski-racing-technique-anthropometrics-and-biological-maturity-status-on-injuries
#6
Lisa Müller, Carolin Hildebrandt, Erich Müller, Christian Fink, Christian Raschner
Alpine ski racing is known to be a sport with a high risk of injuries. Because most studies have focused mainly on top-level athletes and on traumatic injuries, limited research exists about injury risk factors among youth ski racers. The aim of this study was to determine the intrinsic risk factors (anthropometrics, biological maturity, physical fitness, racing technique) for injury among youth alpine ski racers. Study participants were 81 youth ski racers attending a ski boarding school (50 males, 31 females; 9-14 years)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911275/associations-between-retirement-reasons-chronic-pain-athletic-identity-and-depressive-symptoms-among-former-professional-footballers
#7
George Sanders, Clare Stevinson
BACKGROUND: Retirement from professional sport has been recognised as a major psychological stressor, and there is a need to identify factors that increase the risk of mental health problems after career termination. The current study examined associations between career-ending injury, chronic pain, athletic identity, and depressive symptomology in retired professional footballers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 307 retired male footballers who had played within a professional United Kingdom league...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904982/preseason-aerobic-fitness-predicts-in-season-injury-and-illness-in-female-youth-athletes
#8
Andrew Watson, Stacey Brickson, M Alison Brooks, Warren Dunn
BACKGROUND: Although preseason aerobic fitness has been suggested as a modifiable risk factor for injury in adult athletes, the relationship between aerobic fitness, injury, and illness in youth athletes is unknown. PURPOSE: To determine whether preseason aerobic fitness predicts in-season injury and illness risk in female adolescent soccer players. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Fifty-four female adolescent soccer players underwent preseason evaluation to determine years of experience, body mass index (BMI), maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max), and time to exhaustion (Tmax) during cycle ergometer testing...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903949/intramuscular-tendon-involvement-on-mri-has-limited-value-for-predicting-time-to-return-to-play-following-acute-hamstring-injury
#9
Anne D van der Made, Emad Almusa, Rod Whiteley, Bruce Hamilton, Cristiano Eirale, Frank van Hellemondt, Johannes L Tol
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injury with intramuscular tendon involvement is regarded as a serious injury with a delay in return to play (RTP) of more than 50 days and reinjury rates up to 63%. However, this reputation is based on retrospective case series with high risk of bias. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether intramuscular tendon involvement is associated with delayed RTP and elevated rates of reinjury. METHODS: MRI of male athletes with an acute hamstring injury was obtained within 5 days of injury...
September 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902761/care-of-water-polo-players
#10
Jennifer D Stromberg
Water polo is a team sport that combines swimming with overhead throwing and wrestling. This places water polo players at risk for a unique group of illnesses and injuries. In addition to the medical problems and injuries seen in competitive swimmers, water polo players are at risk for a variety of traumatic injuries, including concussions, eye injuries, tympanic membrane perforation, fractures, dislocations, and lacerations. Repetitive overhead throwing also places these athletes at risk for related injuries, such as shoulder problems, including rotator cuff strain and impingement, and elbow problems, such as ulnar collateral ligament injuries, posteromedial impingement, and osteochondritis dissecans of the radial capitellum...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902760/common-ice-hockey-injuries-and-treatment-a-current-concepts-review
#11
William Mosenthal, Michael Kim, Robert Holzshu, Bryan Hanypsiak, Aravind Athiviraham
Injuries are common in ice hockey, a contact sport where players skate at high speeds on a sheet of ice and shoot a vulcanized rubber puck in excess of one hundred miles per hour. This article reviews the diagnoses and treatment of concussions, injuries to the cervical spine, and lower and upper extremities as they pertain to hockey players. Soft tissue injury of the shoulder, acromioclavicular joint separation, glenohumeral joint dislocation, clavicle fractures, metacarpal fractures, and olecranon bursitis are discussed in the upper-extremity section of the article...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902754/wrist-pain-in-gymnasts-a-review-of-common-overuse-wrist-pathology-in-the-gymnastics-athlete
#12
Holly J Benjamin, Sean C Engel, Debra Chudzik
Injury rates among gymnasts are among the highest of any sport at the high school and collegiate level per athletic exposure. The wrist has increased injury risk due to repetitive physical stresses predisposing it to acute injury, overuse, and degenerative damage. This article will review the most common overuse wrist injuries seen in gymnasts. Prompt evaluation and management is necessary to avoid the negative sequelae that can often accompany these injuries. Little is known about effective sport-specific injury prevention strategies, but general guidelines for overuse injury prevention including limiting excessive loading of the wrist, maintaining wrist joint flexibility, an emphasis on proper technique, and incorporating wrist and general core strengthening seem beneficial...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902660/lisfranc-injury-in-the-athlete
#13
Rachel J Shakked
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902125/epidemiology-of-youth-boys-and-girls-lacrosse-injuries-in-the-2015-2016-seasons
#14
Zachary Y Kerr, Andrew E Lincoln, Thomas Dodge, Susan W Yeargin, Tracey M Covassin, Vincent C Nittoli, James Mensch, Karen G Roos, Thomas P Dompier, Shane V Caswell
PURPOSE: Examinations of injury among younger populations of lacrosse players that are beginning their development is limited. This study describes the epidemiology of youth boys' and girls' lacrosse injuries during the 2015-2016 seasons. METHODS: Surveillance data originated from a convenience sample of 10 leagues in five states with 1090 boys' and 480 girls' lacrosse players from the U9-U15 divisions. Athletic trainers reported injury and exposure data at games and practices...
September 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902110/asymmetrie-of-maximum-trunk-hand-and-leg-in-comparison-of-volleyball-and-fitness-athletes
#15
Klaus Mattes, Bettina Wollesen, Stefanie Manzer
Playing volleyball and corresponding training loads lead to specific strains and might result in asymmetric muscle pattern. The study aimed to identify volleyball specific maximum bilateral strength asymmetries in comparison to fitness athletes. The cross-sectional study design compared an age-matched male volleyball group (n= 23; 27.9 ± 5 years) with a fitness group (n= 30; 26.3 ± 3 years). The participants performed an isometric maximum handgrip strength test followed by two isokinetic concentric maximum strength tests to determine the performance capacity of the axial trunk rotators (left-right) and bilateral leg extensors...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901201/sex-differences-in-balance-among-alpine-ski-racers-cross-sectional-age-comparisons
#16
Christian Raschner, Carolin Hildebrandt, Johanna Mohr, Lisa Müller
Although balance is a key ability in the strength demands of alpine ski racing, affecting both performance and injury prevention, few studies have examined balance or related sex differences among still-maturing athletes. In this 10-year study, we investigated cross-sectional balance performances at different age periods of a representative sample of over 500 11-18-year-old elite skiers of both genders. Participants performed balance tests using the MFT S3-Check. Left-right and forward-backward movements were used to calculate sensory and symmetry balance scores, which were both incorporated into a stability score...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900694/-muscle-injuries-in-athletes-the-value-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#17
REVIEW
C Lückerath, C Rehnitz
Competitive sports yield high demands on the musculoskeletal system, accordingly muscle injuries are a common complication. Early imaging clarification of the muscles in cases of a trauma is essential in order to define the exact location of the lesion, the affected muscles, the extent and the degree of the injury as well as to define possible concomitant complications. In the case of a professional athlete, the assessment made by MRI is important for defining the individually required resting period for a riskless resumption of the sporting activities...
September 12, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900575/energy-system-development-and-load-management-through-the-rehabilitation-and-return-to-play-process
#18
Scot Morrison, Patrick Ward, Gregory R duManoir
Return-to-play from injury is a complex process involving many factors including the balancing of tissue healing rates with the development of biomotor abilities. This process requires interprofessional cooperation to ensure success. An often-overlooked aspect of return-to-play is the development and maintenance of sports specific conditioning while monitoring training load to ensure that the athlete's training stimulus over the rehabilitation period is appropriate to facilitate a successful return to play...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900572/return-to-running-following-a-knee-disarticulation-amputation-a-case-report
#19
Angela R Diebal-Lee, Robert S Kuenzi, Christopher A Rábago
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The evolution of running-specific prostheses has empowered athletes with lower extremity amputations to run farther and faster than previously thought possible; but running with proper mechanics is still paramount to an injury-free, active lifestyle. The purpose of this case report was to describe the successful alteration of intact limb mechanics from a Rearfoot Striking (RFS) to a Non-Rearfoot Striking (NRFS) pattern in an individual with a knee disarticulation amputation, the associated reduction in Average Vertical Loading Rate (AVLR), and the improvement in functional performance following the intervention...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900570/running-injury-development-the-attitudes-of-middle-and-long-distance-runners-and-their-coaches
#20
Karen Krogh Johansen, Adam Hulme, Camma Damsted, Daniel Ramskov, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Behavioral science methods have rarely been used in running injury research. Therefore, the attitudes amongst runners and their coaches regarding factors leading to running injuries warrants formal investigation. PURPOSE: To investigate the attitudes of middle- and long-distance runners able to compete in national championships and their coaches about factors associated with running injury development. METHODS: A link to an online survey was distributed to middle- and long-distance runners and their coaches across 25 Danish Athletics Clubs...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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