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Postoperative respiratory failure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906717/spectrum-of-postoperative-complications-in-pulmonary-hypertension-and-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome
#1
Roop K Kaw
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to identify chronic pulmonary conditions which may often not be recognized preoperatively especially before elective noncardiac surgery and which carry the highest risk of perioperative morbidity and mortality. RECENT FINDINGS: This review discusses some of the most recent studies that highlight the perioperative complications, and their prevention and management strategies. SUMMARY: Pulmonary hypertension is a well recognized risk factor for postoperative complications after cardiac surgery but the literature surrounding noncardiac surgery is sparse...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896154/use-of-t-tube-enterostomy-in-neonatal-gastro-intestinal-surgery
#2
Maher Al-Zaiem, Abdulhai F Al-Garni, Abdulrahman Al-Maghrebi, Asim A Asghar
Aim: To evaluate the results of the use of the T-tube ileostomy in neonatal intestinal surgery cases. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of sixty two neonates underwent intestinal obstruction surgery by using T-tube ileostomy was conducted between January 1990 and January 2013.The pathologies of the intestinal obstruction were; thirty four of jejunoileal atresia cases, thirteen case meconium ileus, eight cases perforated necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), three cases meconium peritonitis, three cases with bowel resection due to intestinal volvulus, and one case of gastroschisis...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888814/diaphragmatic-dysfunction-after-thoracic-operations
#3
Henning Gaissert, Susan R Wilcox
The perioperative management of diaphragmatic weakness and phrenic nerve dysfunction is complex, due to varied etiologies and clinical presentations. The factors leading to diaphragmatic weakness may culminate after the operation with transient or persistent respiratory failure. This review discusses diaphragmatic disorders and postoperative respiratory failure caused by unilateral or bilateral diaphragmatic impairment. The origins of neuromuscular weakness involving the diaphragm are diverse, and often lie within the domains of different medical specialties, with only a portion of the condition related to surgical intervention...
November 26, 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884743/mortality-and-morbidity-after-spinal-surgery-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-retrospective-matched-pair-cohort-study
#4
Takeshi Oichi, Hirotaka Chikuda, Junichi Ohya, Ryo Ohtomo, Kojiro Morita, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Sakae Tanaka, Hideo Yasunaga
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: There is a lack of information about postoperative outcomes and related risk factors associated with spinal surgery in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). PURPOSE: To investigate the postoperative morbidity and mortality associated with spinal surgery for patients with PD, and the risk factors for poor outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective matched-pair cohort study. PATIENT SAMPLE: Data of patients who underwent elective spinal surgery between July 2010 and March 2013 were extracted from the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database, a nationwide inpatient database in Japan...
November 21, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882025/no-inhalation-in-combination-with-high-frequency-ventilation-treatment-in-the-treatment-of-neonatal-severe-respiratory-failure
#5
Xiaohui Guo, Yanfeng Sun, Jing Miao, Min Cui, Jiangbo Wang, Shuzhen Han
OBJECTIVE: To discuss over NO inhalation (iNO) in combination with high frequency ventilation treatment in relieving clinical symptoms and respiratory state of patients with neonatal severe respiratory failure. METHODS: Ninety newborns with severe respiratory failure who received treatment in our hospital were selected for this study. They were divided into research group and control group according to visiting time. Patients in the control group were given conventional treatment in combination with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, while patients in the research group were given iNO for treatment additionally besides the treatment the same as the control group...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869490/congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-causing-cardiac-arrest-in-a-30-year-old-woman
#6
H J Manson, Y M Goh, P Goldsmith, P Scott, P Turner
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) usually presents in infancy with respiratory failure requiring urgent surgical correction. Mortality in this group of patients remains poor and persistent pulmonary hypertension is a significant contributor. It is therefore rare for patients to reach adulthood undiagnosed. CDH is often identified incidentally in adults but when symptoms arise, they relate to the organ involved, and include gastrointestinal symptoms of dyspepsia and obstruction, as well as respiratory complaints such as dyspnoea...
November 21, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869287/dexmedetomidine-for-attenuating-haemodynamic-response-to-intubation-stimuli-in-morbidly-obese-patients-anaesthetised-using-low-opioid-technique-comparison-with-fentanyl-based-general-anaesthesia
#7
Tomasz Gaszyński, Klaudia Czarnik, Łukasz Łaziński, Wojciech Gaszyński
BACKGROUND: Anaesthesiologists are facing the problem of an increasing population of morbidly obese patients. In order to minimize the risk of opioid-induced postoperative respiratory failure, the intraoperative administration of opioids should be reduced or replaced with other drugs. The purpose of this study was to compare haemodynamic response elicited by intubation in morbidly obese patients between two variants of anaesthesia induction: fentanyl-based or low-opioid using dexmedetomidine...
November 21, 2016: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867583/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-after-cardiac-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Lisa Q Rong, Antonino Di Franco, Mario Gaudino
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a leading cause of postoperative respiratory failure, with a mortality rate approaching 40% in the general population and 80% in the subset of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The increased risk of ARDS in these patients has traditionally been associated with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), the need for blood product transfusions, large volume shifts, mechanical ventilation and direct surgical insult. Indeed, the impact of ARDS in the cardiac population is substantial, affecting not only survival but also in-hospital length of stay and long-term physical and psychological morbidity...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862613/naso-esophageal-extraluminal-drainage-for-postoperative-anastomotic-leak-after-thoracic-esophagectomy-for-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#9
Kiyohiko Shuto, Tsuguaki Kono, Yasunori Akutsu, Masaya Uesato, Mikito Mori, Kenichi Matsuo, Chihiro Kosugi, Atsushi Hirano, Kuniya Tanaka, Shinich Okazumi, Keiji Koda, Hisahiro Matsubara
Postoperative anastomotic leaks and subsequent mediastinal abscess are serious complications. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of naso-esophageal extraluminal drainage after thoracic esophagectomy with gastric conduit reconstruction using a posterior mediastinal route. About 50 of 365 patients (13.7%) with esophageal cancer and postoperative anastomotic leak after curative esophagectomy was investigated. Beginning in June 2009, naso-esophageal extraluminal drainage by inserting a naso-esophageal aspiration tube into the abscess cavity when percutaneous abscess drainage was introduced which was ineffective or technically impossible...
November 9, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862040/central-extracorporeal-life-support-with-left-ventricular-decompression-to-berlin-heart-excor-a-reliable-bridge-to-bridge-strategy-in-crash-and-burn-patients
#10
Alexander Weymann, Mina Farag, Anton Sabashnikov, Javid Fatullayev, Mohamed Zeriouh, Bastian Schmack, Rawa Arif, Florian Müller, Christina Alt, Philip Raake, Nikhil Prakash Patil, Aron-Frederik Popov, Andre Rüdiger Simon, Matthias Karck, Arjang Ruhparwar
The aim of this study was to compare patients with severe biventricular heart failure who underwent Berlin Heart Excor implantation with (cardiogenic shock [CS] status) or without the need for preoperative extracorporeal life support (ECLS) as a bridge to long-term device. A total of 40 consecutive patients with severe biventricular heart failure underwent Berlin Heart Excor implantation with (CS status, n = 20, 50%) or without (control, n = 20, 50%) the need for preoperative ECLS as a bridge to long-term device from March 2007 to May 2015 at our institution...
November 8, 2016: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858187/duodeno-duodenostomy-or-duodeno-jejunostomy-for-duodenal-atresia-is-one-repair-better-than-the-other
#11
Augusto Zani, Jung-Pin Benjamin Yeh, Sebastian K King, Priscilla P L Chiu, Paul W Wales
PURPOSE: The surgical management of neonates with duodenal atresia (DA) involves re-establishment of intestinal continuity, either by duodeno-duodenostomy (DD) or by duodeno-jejunostomy (DJ). Although the majority of pediatric surgeons perform DD repair preferentially, we aimed to analyze the outcome of DA neonates treated with either surgical technique. METHODS: Following ethical approval (REB:1000047737), we retrospectively reviewed the charts of all patients who underwent DA repair between 2004 and 2014...
November 17, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849659/a-new-proposal-of-criteria-for-the-future-remnant-liver-volume-in-older-patients-undergoing-major-hepatectomy-for-biliary-tract-cancer
#12
Yoshihiro Watanabe, Satoshi Kuboki, Hiroaki Shimizu, Masayuki Ohtsuka, Hideyuki Yoshitomi, Katsunori Furukawa, Masaru Miyazaki
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether advanced age increases the risk of severe complications after major hepatectomy with bile duct resection (BDR) in patients with biliary tract cancer, and to establish new criteria for the percentage of the future remnant liver volume (%FLV) in older patients undergoing this operation. BACKGROUND: Advanced age is reported to inhibit liver regeneration and suppress immune function; however, little is known about the risk of aging in high-stress surgery, such as biliary tract surgery...
November 15, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844477/videolaryngoscopy-versus-direct-laryngoscopy-for-adult-patients-requiring-tracheal-intubation
#13
REVIEW
Sharon R Lewis, Andrew R Butler, Joshua Parker, Tim M Cook, Andrew F Smith
BACKGROUND: Successful tracheal intubation during general anaesthesia traditionally requires a line of sight to the larynx attained by positioning the head and neck and using a laryngoscope to retract the tongue and soft tissues of the floor of the mouth. Difficulties with intubation commonly arise, and alternative laryngoscopes that use digital and/or fibreoptic technology have been designed to improve visibility when airway difficulty is predicted or encountered. Among these devices, a rigid videolaryngoscope (VLS) uses a blade to retract the soft tissues and transmits a lighted video image to a screen...
November 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832989/risk-stratification-for-the-development-of-respiratory-adverse-events-following-vascular-surgery-using-the-society%C3%A2-of-vascular-surgery-s-vascular-quality-initiative
#14
Elizabeth A Genovese, Larry Fish, Rabih A Chaer, Michel S Makaroun, Donald T Baril
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative respiratory adverse events (RAEs) are associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality in general surgery, however, little is known about these complications in the vascular surgery population, a frail subset with multiple comorbidities. The objective of this study was to describe the contemporary incidence of RAEs in vascular surgery patients, the risk factors for this complication, and the overall impact of RAEs on patient outcomes. METHODS: The Vascular Quality Initiative was queried (2003-2014) for patients who underwent endovascular abdominal aortic repair, open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, thoracic endovascular aortic repair, suprainguinal bypass, or infrainguinal bypass...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830098/a-pregnancy-with-severe-hypertrophic-obstructive-cardiomyopathy-after-surgery-for-an-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Takashi Mitsui, Hisashi Masuyama, Kentaro Ejiri, Kei Hayata, Hiroshi Ito, Yuji Hiramatsu
Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is cardiac hypertrophy of ventricular myocardium with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. We report a pregnancy with HOCM after defibrillator implantation surgery. The patient was a 33-year-old nulligravida and was categorized as New York Heart Association class II. Her brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level was 724.6 pg/dL at preconception. She received careful pregnancy management. However, because frequent uterine contractions were observed at 25 weeks and 6 days of pregnancy, she was hospitalized, and magnesium sulfate was started as a tocolytic agent...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829181/effect-of-thoracic-epidural-block-on-infection-induced-inflammatory-response-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Asha Tyagi, Anuradha Bansal, Shukla Das, Ashok Kumar Sethi, Aanchal Kakkar
PURPOSE: Epidural block decreases inflammation and oxidative stress in experimental models of sepsis as well as after surgery. There is, however, no clinical evidence evaluating its effect on infection-induced inflammatory process. The present trial evaluated the effect of thoracic epidural block (TEB) on systemic inflammatory response in patients with small intestinal perforation peritonitis. Outcome measures included systemic levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, procalcitonin, and C-reactive protein and postoperative Sepsis-Related Organ Failure Assessment scores...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821819/-effect-of-ultra-fast-track-extubation-in-cardiovascular-surgery
#17
Toshiro Kobayashi, Hiroshi Kurazumi, Hidenori Gohra, Seiichi Shibasaki, Yuko Kudo, Naoko Yamauchi, Takashi Tamura, Michio Shigedomi
Fast-track surgery has been widely implemented and allows such immediate extubation as in the operating room(OR). We retrospectively investigated the effect of routine ultra-fast-track(UFT) surgery extubating in the OR in patients undergoing cardiovascular operations. Among 333 consecutive patients, 224 (67.3%)were extubated in the OR. Five patients were re-intubated, but none were because of heart or respiratory failure. Independent predictors for failure of OR extubation were preoperative renal failure, pre-existent cerebrovascular disease, emergency surgery, and prolonged operation and/or cardiopulmonary bypass times...
November 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805520/association-between-preoperative-pulmonary-risk-scores-and-postoperative-complications-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#18
Elif Küpeli, Balam Er Dedekargınoğlu, Gaye Ulubay, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Patients who are being considered for renal transplant must undergo thorough preoperative pulmonary evaluation to determine risk of postoperative pulmonary complications. The aim of this study was to determine the relation between the preoperative pulmonary risk factor score and pulmonary complications in patients undergoing renal transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of patients who underwent renal transplant at our institution between 2004 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798538/compartment-syndrome-secondary-to-group-a-streptococcus-infection-in-the-presence-of-a-congenital-hemangioma
#19
Sharon L Kracoff
OBJECTIVES: Nontraumatic compartment syndrome is frequently difficult to diagnose but this is especially troublesome in infants. Pain is the most sensitive sign and is characteristically severe and refractory to routine analgesia. Failure to diagnose and treat can lead to disability, multiorgan failure, and death. Surgical intervention is crucial and includes emergent fasciotomy, debridement, nerve decompression, and later skin grafting. Streptococcal myositis causing compartment syndrome is more likely in the immunocompromised patient...
October 28, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778349/salvage-esophagectomy-after-failure-of-definitive-radiochemotherapy-for-esophageal-cancer
#20
Eleonora Farinella, Adonis Safar, Haydar A Nasser, Fikri Bouazza, Gabriele Liberale, Marianne Paesmans, Raphael Marechal, Jean-Luc Van Laethem, Alain Hendlisz, Paul VanHoutte, Issam El Nakadi
BACKGROUND: Definitive radiochemotherapy (dRCT) in locally advanced esophageal cancer is associated with a high rate of loco-regional recurrence. In this condition, salvage esophagectomy may be considered as a therapeutic option. The aim of this analysis is to evaluate the feasibility and the morbi-mortality of this strategy. METHODS: Between January 2006 and April 2014, 208 patients underwent esophagectomy for esophageal cancer at ULB-Erasme-Bordet. Thirty-two patients received a preoperative radiochemotherapy (pRCT) followed by planned esophagectomy (Group 1) for locally advanced disease...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
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