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Postoperative respiratory failure

Teng-Fei Zhu, Wen-Guo Zhao, Han-Lin Zheng, Jia-Xiang Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application effect of damage control orthopedics for the treatment of severe multiple fractures. METHODS: From January 2014 to December 2016, 23 patients with severe multiple fractures were treated with the damage control orthopedics (DCO), included 14 males and 9 females with an average age of (41.57±8.29) years old ranging from 28 to 60 years old; the NISS averaged(27.70±5.44) points ranging from 18 to 40 points. As the control group, 27 patients with severe multiple fractures were treated by the early total care(ETC) technology from Jan...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Douglas W Jones, Philip P Goodney, Jens Eldrup-Jorgensen, Marc L Schermerhorn, Jeffrey J Siracuse, Jeanwan Kang, Jesse A Columbo, Bjoern D Suckow, David H Stone
OBJECTIVE: Performing lower extremity bypass (LEB) in actively smoking claudicants remains controversial. Whereas some surgeons advocate a strict nonoperative approach to active smokers, citing perceived inferior outcomes, others will proceed with surgical bypass if the patient is anatomically suited and medical management has failed. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of active smoking on LEB outcomes among claudicants. METHODS: All patients undergoing infrainguinal LEB for claudication in the Vascular Study Group of New England from 2003 to 2016 were analyzed...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Chiyoe Shirota, Takahisa Tainaka, Toshiki Nakane, Yujiro Tanaka, Akinari Hinoki, Wataru Sumida, Naruhiko Murase, Kazuo Oshima, Kosuke Chiba, Ryo Shirotsuki, Hiroo Uchida
BACKGROUND: Emergency rescue lung resection is rarely performed to treat congenital lung cysts (CLCs) in neonates. Many reports have described fetal CLC treatment; however, prenatal predictors for postnatal respiratory failure have not been characterized. We hypothesized that fetal imaging findings are useful predictors of emergency surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients with CLC who underwent lung surgery during the neonatal period in our hospital between January 2001 and December 2015...
March 8, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Ourania Preventza, Matt D Price, Hiruni S Amarasekara, Adam Tullos, Peter Chen, Michael R Reidy, Gregory Pattakos, Kim I de la Cruz, Qianzi Zhang, Joseph S Coselli
OBJECTIVES: To compare short-term outcomes, long-term survival and reinterventions in patients requiring surgery after chronic Type I and chronic primary Type III aortic dissections. METHODS: Over an 11-year period, 466 patients underwent thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm repair for chronic Type III (n = 239) and Type I (n = 227) aortic dissections. Short-term outcomes and reinterventions were evaluated by multivariable regression analysis for the entire group; propensity matching produced 169 pairs...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Thomas Partridge, Simon Jameson, Paul Baker, David Deehan, James Mason, Mike R Reed
BACKGROUND: More than 75,000 total hip replacements were performed in England and Wales in 2014, and this figure is predicted to increase. Trends in mortality and complications following total hip replacement from 2005 to 2014 were evaluated to quantify risk and to identify "at-risk" groups to better inform recommendations for patient care. METHODS: Our primary analysis estimated 90-day inpatient mortality following total hip replacement using Hospital Episode Statistics data from 2005 to 2014...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Brittany N Burton, Swapnil Khoche, Alison M A'Court, Ulrich H Schmidt, Rodney A Gabriel
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative respiratory failure requiring reintubation is associated with a significant increase in mortality. However, perioperative risk factors and their effects on unplanned 30-day reintubation and postoperative outcomes after unplanned reintubation following lung resection are not described well. The aim of this study was to determine whether certain comorbidities, demographic factors, and postoperative outcomes are associated with 30-day reintubation after thoracic surgery...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Caroline Miranda, Ali Mahta, Lee Adam Wheeler, A John Tsiouris, Hooman Kamel
Tension pneumocephalus can lead to rapid neurologic deterioration. We report for the first time its association with aseptic systemic inflammatory response syndrome mimicking septic shock and the efficacy of prompt neurosurgical intervention and critical care support in treating this condition. A 64-year-old man underwent 2-stage olfactory groove meningioma resection. The patient developed altered mental status and gait instability on postoperative day 6. Imaging showed significant pneumocephalus. The patient subsequently developed worsening mental status, respiratory failure, and profound shock requiring multiple vasopressors...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Aarti Narayan, Arun Subramanian
We report a case of severe generalised muscle weakness in a 66-year-old man who underwent revision of left knee arthroplasty. On postoperative day 1, he developed non-focal muscle weakness and shortness of breath which progressed over a 6-hour period. Serum phosphorus level was severely low at 0.5 mg/dL, along with mild degree of hypokalaemia, hypocalcaemia and hypomagnesaemia. His symptoms completely resolved after emergent phosphorus replacement. The authors believe this case is of educational interest to physicians as generalised muscle weakness is an uncommon presentation of severe hypophosphataemia...
February 23, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Fan Qiao, Cunhua Su, Qingqi Han, Mengwei Tan, Jun Wang, Yang Liu, Fanglin Lu, Lin Han, Zhiyun Xu
PURPOSE: To report the results of a hybrid approach to aortic arch repair using an innovative unibody double-branched stent graft in a canine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The stent-graft system consists of two parts: the main body and two branches for reconstruction of the supra-arch branches. There is a 2-cm-long suturing portion at the proximal end of the main body. Twenty adult German sheep dogs underwent a hybrid surgical treatment to place the stent-grafts into the proximal descending aorta and the supra-arch branches...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Ossian Gundel, Sofie Kirchhoff Gundersen, Rikke Maria Dahl, Lars Nannestad Jørgensen, Lars S Rasmussen, Jørn Wetterslev, Ditte Sæbye, Christian S Meyhoff
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) and other postoperative complications are associated with high costs, morbidity, secondary surgery, and mortality. Many studies have identified factors that may prevent SSI and pulmonary complications, but it is important to know when they in fact occur. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic timing of surgical site infections and pulmonary complications after laparotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the PROXI trial which was a randomized clinical trial conducted in 1400 patients undergoing elective or emergent laparotomy...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Shilei Pu, Hongming Xu, Xiaoyan Li
BACKGROUND: Supraglottoplasty is the mainstay of surgical treatment for laryngomalacia. A novel supraglottoplasty surgical technique is needed to achieve better efficacy. The purpose of this study was to introduce modified microscopic radiofrequency ablation supraglottoplasty (MMRAS) for the treatment of congenital laryngomalacia and to evaluate the outcome and effectiveness of this novel approach. METHODS: Seventeen children with severe laryngomalacia who underwent MMRAS were studied retrospectively...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
V Perilli, P Aceto, P Ancona, R De Cicco, D Papanice, S Magalini, G Pepe, V Cozza, D Gui, C Lai, L Sollazzi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the role of surgical setting (urgent vs. elective) and approach (open vs. laparoscopic) in affecting postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) prevalence in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After local Ethical Committee approval, 409 patients who had undergone abdominal surgery between January and December 2014 were included in the final analysis. PPCs were defined as the development of one of the following new findings: respiratory failure, pulmonary infection, aspiration pneumonia, pleural effusion, pneumothorax, atelectasis on chest X-ray, bronchospasm or un-planned urgent re-intubation...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Milena D Stojanovic, Danica Z Markovic, Anita Z Vukovic, Vesna D Dinic, Aleksandar N Nikolic, Tijana G Maricic, Radmilo J Janković
The beginnings of the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program were first developed for patients in colorectal surgery, and after it was established as the standard of care in this surgical field, it began to be applied in many others surgical areas. This is multimodal, evidence-based approach program and includes simultaneous optimization of preoperative status of patients, adequate selection of surgical procedure and postoperative management. The aim of this program is to reduce complications, the length of hospital stay and to improve the patients outcome...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Thomas Schweiger, Konrad Hoetzenecker, Imme Roesner, Berit Schneider-Stickler, Doris-Maria Denk-Linnert, Walter Klepetko
OBJECTIVES: Bilateral vocal fold paralysis (VFP) is a severe complication after laryngotracheal (LT) surgery. The reduced glottic opening leads to significant respiratory distress immediately after the operation and requires the placement of a tracheostomy in most cases. Patients with a pre-existing unilateral VFP or expected recurrent nerve resection are at the highest risk for glottic failure. These patients might benefit from a pre-emptive glottic enlargement before LT surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients who received a pre-emptive glottis enlargement before LT surgery at the Medical University of Vienna from October 2011 to December 2016...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Enrico Cetrano, Matteo Trezzi, Aurelio Secinaro, Luca Di Chiara, Marilena Trozzi, Sergio Bottero, Angelo Polito, Adriano Carotti
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of postoperative respiratory failure after surgical tracheoplasty for congenital tracheal stenosis. METHODS: Between February 2011 and April 2017, 16 infants underwent congenital tracheal stenosis repair. Preoperative computed tomography evaluation of the trachea and mainstem bronchi was performed. The primary outcome was midterm freedom from postoperative respiratory failure defined as persistent need for mechanical ventilation or surgical tracheobronchial reoperation...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Douglas Z Liou, Derek Serna-Gallegos, James Mirocha, Vahak Bairamian, Rodrigo F Alban, Harmik J Soukiasian
BACKGROUND: Failure to rescue (FTR), defined as death after a major complication, is a metric increasingly being used to assess quality of care. Risk factors associated with FTR after esophagectomy have not been previously studied. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried for patients who underwent esophagectomy with gastric conduit between 2010 and 2014. Patients with at least one major postoperative complication were grouped according to inhospital mortality (FTR group) and survival to discharge (SUR group)...
January 31, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Helena Amaral Gonçalves Fusatto, Luciana Castilho de Figueiredo, Ana Paula Ragonete Dos Anjos Agostini, Melissa Sibinelli, Desanka Dragosavac
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify pulmonary dysfunction and factors associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation, hospital stay, weaning failure and mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with use of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP). METHODS: This observational study analyzed respiratory, surgical, clinical and demographic variables and related them to outcomes. RESULTS: We analyzed 39 patients with a mean age of 61...
January 16, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
Jon Brynildsen, Liisa Petäjä, Ville Pettilä, Ståle Nygård, Suvi T Vaara, Rita Linko, Marjatta Okkonen, Tor-Arne Hagve, Leena Soininen, Raili Suojaranta-Ylinen, Magnus Nakrem Lyngbakken, Torbjørn Omland, Helge Røsjø
BACKGROUND: European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II (EuroSCORE II) is used for risk stratification before cardiac surgery, but whether N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT) may add prognostic information to EuroSCORE II is not known. METHODS: Preoperative (n=640) and postoperative (n=629) blood samples were available from cardiac surgical patients with 961-day follow-up (FINNAKI Heart study; cohort #1)...
January 22, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
Haruhiko Aoyagi, Hiromitsu Ito, Katsuyoshi Higuchi, Keita Koseki, Ichiro Watanabe, Yasuhiro Tanaka, Katsuhiro Suzuki, Naoto Nishi, Zenro Nihei, Masashi Ito
The patient was a 76-year-old woman who underwent sigmoidectomy in April 2011 for sigmoid colon cancer with multiple concurrent liver metastases. She was treated postoperatively with mFOLFOX6 plus cetuximab but was diagnosed with the progressive disease at the end of course 14. The patient started receiving FOLFIRI plus cetuximab therapy in May 2012. Later in August 2012, she was examined for respiratory distress on the scheduled date of receiving course 7 and was diagnosed with drug-induced interstitial pneumonia resulting from systemic chemotherapy...
January 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Jonathan L Hatch, Michael J Bauschard, Shaun A Nguyen, Paul R Lambert, Ted A Meyer, Theodore R McRackan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of hospital surgical case volume on the outcomes of vestibular schwannoma surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: University HealthSystem Consortium member hospitals (includes nearly every US academic medical center). PATIENTS: Three thousand six hundred ninety-seven patients who underwent vestibular schwannoma resection over a 3-year timespan (2012-2015) grouped by race, age, comorbidities, payer, and sex...
January 16, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
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