keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Female infertility

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241080/paternal-urinary-concentrations-of-organophosphate-flame-retardant-metabolites-fertility-measures-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-couples-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization
#1
Courtney C Carignan, Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Paige L Williams, John D Meeker, Heather M Stapleton, Craig M Butt, Thomas L Toth, Jennifer B Ford, Russ Hauser
BACKGROUND: Use of organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs) has increased over the past decade following the phase out of some brominated flame retardants, leading to increased human exposure. We recently reported that increasing maternal PFR exposure is associated with poorer pregnancy outcomes among women from a fertility clinic. Because a small epidemiologic study previously reported an inverse association between male PFR exposures and sperm motility, we sought to examine associations of paternal urinary concentrations of PFR metabolites and their partner's pregnancy outcomes...
December 11, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238579/acute-abdomen-with-a-misleading-clinical-entity
#2
Jitendra Singh Nigam, Pushpanjali Ojha, Chitrawati Bal Gargade, Archana Hemant Deshpande
Massive ovarian edema is a rare, non-neoplastic solid tumor-like lesion. It results from compromised venous and lymphatic drainage due to partial or intermittent torsion of ovarian pedicle. Pain, distension or abdominal mass, menstrual irregularities, infertility and hormone-related symptoms can be the clinical presentation. We report a case of massive ovarian edema in a 28-year-old female who presented with acute pain abdomen. She was diagnosed clinico-radiologically with solid ovarian tumor and massive ovarian edema on histology...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237021/human-specific-subcellular-compartmentalization-of-p-element-induced-wimpy-testis-like-piwil-granules-during-germ-cell-development-and-spermatogenesis
#3
Maria Gomes Fernandes, Nannan He, Fang Wang, Liesbeth Van Iperen, Cristina Eguizabal, Roberto Matorras, Bernard A J Roelen, Susana M Chuva De Sousa Lopes
STUDY QUESTION: What is the dynamics of expression of P-element induced wimpy testis-like (PIWIL) proteins in the germline during human fetal development and spermatogenesis? SUMMARY ANSWER: PIWIL1, PIWIL2, PIWIL3 and PIWIL4 were expressed in a sex-specific fashion in human germ cells (GC) during development and adulthood. PIWILs showed a mutually exclusive pattern of subcellular localization. PIWILs were present in the intermitochondrial cement and a single large granule in meiotic GC and their expression was different from that observed in mice, highlighting species-differences...
December 11, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234710/polypoid-endometriosis-mimicking-invasive-cancer-in-an-obese-postmenopausal-tamoxifen-user
#4
William T Jaegle, Jason C Barnett, Bridget R Stralka, Nicole P Chappell
Background: Tamoxifen is a medication often used for the treatment and prevention of breast cancer. It is classically associated with several gynecological side effects to include a thickened endometrial stripe, increased uterine polyp formation, and an increased risk of uterine cancer. Rarely tamoxifen use has been associated with proliferation of endometriosis often severe enough to mimic a late-stage gynecologic malignancy. Case: A 62-year-old Gravida 0 postmenopausal female with a medical history of severe obesity, infertility, and preventative tamoxifen use presented for evaluation of gross hematuria...
November 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227750/genetic-polymorphisms-in-prm1-prm2-and-ybx2-genes-are-associated-with-male-factor-infertility
#5
Oya Sena E Aydos, Yalda Hekmatshoar, Buket Altınok, Tülin Özkan, Onur Şakirağaoğlu, Aynur Karadağ, Fuat Kaplan, Seda Ilgaz, Mehmet Taşpınar, Işıl Yükselen, Asuman Sunguroğlu, Kaan Aydos
AIMS: The etiology of infertility is still unknown in almost half of all male infertility patients. In sperm, DNA condensation differs from somatic and female gamete cells, with the protamine (PRM) gene and its transcription factor, Y-box binding protein 2 (YBX2), playing key roles in making the structure more compact. Protamine polymorphisms have been studied in different populations, but various results have been acquired. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our study, we examined, for the first time in a Turkish population, the association between protamine gene alleles (PRM1 c...
December 11, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223476/fecundity-in-an-infertile-man-with-r-15-a-challenge-to-the-current-paradigm
#6
Hamid Kalantari, Hamideh Karimi, Seyed Navid Almadani, Mostafa Fakhri, Pegah Mokhtari, Hamid Gourabi, Anahita Mohseni Meybodi
Ring chromosome 15 [r(15)] is a rare condition with a mild-to-severe growth failure, mental disabilities, café-au-lait spots, specific facial features, fertility difficulties and other minor dysmorphic stigmata. Of almost 50 affected individuals reported in the literature, none were assessed for the precise breakpoint positioning, which creates uncertainty in defining a specific phenotype for the deleted segment. This study reports for the first time the vertical transmission of r(15) in three consecutive generations of a family, including a subfertile man, his mother and his newborn infant...
November 22, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221705/female-fertility-preservation-in-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-cancer-patient-population
#7
REVIEW
Gabriela N Algarroba, Joseph S Sanfilippo, Hanna Valli-Pulaski
The 5-year survival rate for childhood cancer is over 80%, thereby increasing the number of young women facing infertility in the future because of the gonadotoxic effects of chemotherapy and radiation. The gonadotoxic effects of childhood cancer treatment vary by the radiation regimen and the chemotherapeutic drugs utilized. Although the American Society of Clinical Oncology guidelines recommend fertility preservation for all patients, there are several barriers and ethical considerations to fertility preservation in the pediatric and adolescent female population...
October 26, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218074/autophagy-in-endometriosis
#8
REVIEW
Hui-Li Yang, Jie Mei, Kai-Kai Chang, Wen-Jie Zhou, Li-Qing Huang, Ming-Qing Li
Endometriosis (EMS) is a common gynecologic disease that causes chronic pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, and infertility in women. The doctrine of menstruation back flow planting and defects in the immune system are well known and widely accepted. In recent years, increasing studies have been focused on the role of autophagy in EMS, and have shown that autophagy plays a vital role in EMS. Autophagy, which is known as the non-apoptotic form of programmed cell death induced by a large number of intracellular/extracellular stimuli, is the major cellular pathway for the degradation of long-lived proteins and cytoplasmic organelles in eukaryotic cells...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213094/sodium-fluoride-exposure-exerts-toxic-effects-on-porcine-oocyte-maturation
#9
Shuang Liang, Zheng-Wen Nie, Minghui Zhao, Ying-Jie Niu, Kyung-Tae Shin, Xiang-Shun Cui
Excessive long-term fluoride intake is associated with several health problems, including infertility. However, limited information is available on the toxic effects of fluoride exposure on the female reproductive system, especially oocyte maturation. In this study, we investigated the toxic effect of sodium fluoride (NaF) exposure on porcine oocyte maturation and its possible underlying mechanisms. Our results showed that NaF exposure during porcine oocyte maturation inhibited cumulus cell expansion and impaired polar body extrusion...
December 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210631/uterine-function-from-normal-to-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-alterations
#10
Silvana Rocio Ferreira, Alicia Beatriz Motta
BACKGROUND: The endometrium is one of the most important female reproductive organs. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive and endocrine pathology that affect women of reproductive age. PCOS negatively affects the endometrium, leading to implantation failure and proliferative aberrations. METHODS: We conducted a search at the http://www.ncbi.nlm.nhi.gov/pubmed/electronic database using the following key words: endometrial steroid receptors, endometrium, uterine function, endometrium and PCOS, implantation window, implantation and PCOS, implantation markers, inflammation, oxidative stress...
December 5, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210007/bilateral-is-superior-to-unilateral-varicocelectomy-in-infertile-males-with-left-clinical-and-right-subclinical-varicocele-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#11
Xiao-Lei Sun, Jiu-Lin Wang, Yun-Peng Peng, Qing-Qiang Gao, Tao Song, Wen Yu, Zhi-Peng Xu, Yun Chen, Yu-Tian Dai
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of bilateral versus unilateral varicocelectomy on seminal response and spontaneous pregnancy rates in infertile male patients with left clinical and right subclinical varicocele. METHODS: A total of 358 infertile men with left clinical and right subclinical varicocele were randomized to group that underwent bilateral (n = 179) and group that underwent unilateral microsurgical subinguinal varicocelectomy (n = 179)...
December 5, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209488/education-early-screening-and-treatment-of-stis-could-reduce-infertility-among-women-in-kenya
#12
EDITORIAL
S M Musundi
In Kenya, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoea, HIV, herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), syphilis and trichomoniasis tend to be prevalent, especially in women. Further, the research shows that women who test positive for STIs (other than HIV), have little knowledge of these infections. Of particular concern, is that there has been little attention on the part of government to educate the general public about STIs, yet these diseases can have devastating consequences on women's and men's health...
June 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208873/correlation-between-seropositivity-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-tubal-and-or-pelvic-pathology-detected-by-diagnostic-laparoscopy-in-subfertile-women
#13
N Begum, S A Anwary, M Alfazzaman, Z Mahzabin, F Deeba, M A Mostafa, M Akhter, M M Rahman
This prospective observational study was carried out in the Infertility Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, from February 2011 to December 2013. Sixty-nine (69) subfertile women who were seropositive for Chlamydia Trachomatis were included in this study. Inclusion criteria was patients with sub-fertility having age between 22 and 40 years, seeking infertility treatment, normal ovarian function, all normozoospermic male partner, duration of infertility ranged from 1...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207561/cross-national-differences-in-psychosocial-factors-of-perinatal-depression-a-systematic-review-of-india-and-japan
#14
REVIEW
Mizuki Takegata, Yukiko Ohashi, Anisha Lazarus, Toshinori Kitamura
Perinatal depression is prevalent worldwide. However, there are few available studies that discuss the different cultural factors affecting perinatal depression within Asian countries. This study aims to compare the literature regarding related factors relating to perinatal depression in India and Japan, and to synthesize the evidence common to both countries in addition to the country-specific evidence. We conducted a systematic review using several databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, Pubmed, Ovid, SCOPUS, IndMED, and ICHUSI)...
December 4, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207017/a-common-african-variant-of-human-connexin%C3%A2-37-is-associated-with-caucasian-primary-ovarian-insufficiency-and-has-a-deleterious-effect-in%C3%A2-vitro
#15
Anne Bachelot, Jerome Gilleron, Geri Meduri, Mihelai Guberto, Jerome Dulon, Sylviane Boucherie, Philippe Touraine, Micheline Misrahi
Folliculogenesis requires communication between granulosa cells and oocytes, mediated by connexin-based gap junctions. Connexin 37 (Cx37)-deficient female mice are infertile. The present study assessed Cx37 deficiency in patients with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). A candidate gene study was performed in patients and controls from the National Genotyping Center (Evry, France) including 58 Caucasian patients with idiopathic isolated POI and 142 Caucasian controls. Direct genomic sequencing of the coding regions of the GJA4 gene (encoding Cx37) was performed with the aim to identify a deleterious variant associated with POI and absent in ethnically matched controls...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203995/management-of-borderline-ovarian-tumors-still-a-gray-zone
#16
Nidhi Nayyar, Prerna Lakhwani, Ashish Goel, Pankaj Kr Pande, Kapil Kumar
Borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) are a heterogeneous group of non-invasive epithelial ovarian tumors that occur at a younger age, present in early stage, frequently associated with infertility but are easily curable. Although they may have symptomatic long-term recurrences, they have an excellent prognosis in spite of peritoneal spread. Among the epithelial tumors of the ovary, BOTs fall in the spectrum lying between cystadenomas (benign) and cystadenocarcinomas (malignant). Their oncological behavior is more aggressive than benign ovarian tumors but relatively less than that of malignant ovarian tumors...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203206/expression-of-hypothalamic-kisspeptin-neurokinin-b-and-dynorphin-a-neurons-attenuates-in-female-zucker-fatty-rats
#17
Kimihiko Nakao, Kinuyo Iwata, Toshiyuki Takeshita, Hitoshi Ozawa
Zucker fatty (ZF) rats are considered to be an obese model due to leptin receptor abnormality and such rats show infertility. Pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone/luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion, which is important for follicular development in females, is considered to be controlled by KNDy neurons coexpressing kisspeptin, neurokinin B (NKB), and dynorphin A (DynA), encoded by Kiss1, Tac3, and Pdyn, respectively, in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC). The purpose of this study is to examine the expression of KNDy neurons in female ZF rats by histochemical approach because pulsatile LH secretion is suppressed...
December 1, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202959/antim%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-and-antral-follicle-counts-are-not-reduced-compared-with-community-controls-in-patients-with-rigorously-defined-unexplained-infertility
#18
Eleni A Greenwood, Marcelle I Cedars, Nanette Santoro, Esther Eisenberg, Chia-Ning Kao, Daniel J Haisenleder, Michael P Diamond, Heather G Huddleston
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that women with unexplained infertility demonstrate evidence of diminished ovarian reserve when compared with a population of community controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Multicenter university-based clinical practices. PATIENT(S): Study participants included 277 healthy, normo-ovulatory female partners with rigorously defined unexplained infertility randomly selected from a multicenter trial (Assessment of Multiple Intrauterine Gestations from Ovarian Stimulation)...
December 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202851/female-genital-tuberculosis-and-infertility-serial-cases-report-in-bandung-indonesia-and-literature-review
#19
Tono Djuwantono, Wiryawan Permadi, Leri Septiani, Ahmad Faried, Danny Halim, Ida Parwati
BACKGROUND: Female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) is a Mycobacterium infection in the reproductive organs which often leads to infertility. FGTB is either asymptomatic or causes uncharacteristic clinical presentations, making an early diagnosis is challenging. Our aims were to evaluate the clinical presentations, the process to confirm the diagnosis and followed-up the patients who had undergone laparoscopy at our center. FGTB has been reported from many countries, but has never been reported from Indonesia...
December 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201428/effect-of-aging-on-the-female-reproductive-function
#20
REVIEW
Koumei Shirasuna, Hisataka Iwata
Aging is a complex biological process that involves the accrual of bodily changes over a long life span. In humans, advanced maternal age is associated with infertility and adverse pregnancy complications. Cellular and organic senescence is hypothesized to contribute to the age-related decline in reproductive function. Accumulating evidence suggests that immune cells play pivotal roles in physiological reproductive function and pregnancy. The concept of "inflammaging" has recently emerged- an age-dependent, low-grade, chronic, and systemic inflammatory state induced by the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), which is produced by the innate immune, parenchymal, and nonparenchymal cells within the organs...
2017: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
keyword
keyword
3038
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"