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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120717/cataract-surgery-after-proton-beam-irradiation-for-uveal-tumors
#1
Zeba A Syed, Roberto Pineda
PURPOSE: To study the risks associated with cataract surgery in patients with previous proton-beam irradiation (PBI), focusing on preoperative risk factors, intraoperative findings, and postoperative complications. SETTING: Massachusetts Eye & Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Electronic medical records of patients who had PBI and cataract surgery between January 1, 2006, and October 1, 2016, were reviewed...
October 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928292/elastomer-change-out-justification-for-minimizing-the-removal-of-elastomers-in-order-to-prevent-cross-contamination-in-a-multiproduct-facility
#2
Michael Parks, Niamh O'Dwyer, Jeremy Bollinger, Alan Johnson, Brian Goss, Ned Wyman, Adeyma Arroyo, Joseph Wood, Derek Willison-Parry
The primary objective of any Biopharmaceutical Product Changeover (PCO) program is to employ control strategies before, during, and after the manufacturing process, as well as from the beginning of the lifecycle approach for the equipment and validation, which will minimize the opportunity for cross- contamination when switching between products. Evaluation of the need for an Elastomer Change Out (ECO) should be considered as a segment of an overall changeover assessment. Lifecycle systems (e.g. Preventive Maintenance (PM), Cleanability Coupon Testing, Good Engineering Practices, etc...
September 19, 2017: PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924341/intraocular-pressure-spikes-following-neodymium-doped-yttrium-aluminum-garnet-laser-capsulotomy-current-prevalence-and-management-in-israel
#3
Asaf Achiron
AIM: The current treatment for posterior capsular opacification (PCO), neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser capsulotomy, may lead to increased intraocular pressure (IOP). Our aim was to survey routines in the management of IOP spikes and to identify the rate of IOP spikes following prophylactic apraclonidine treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey questionnaire among ophthalmologists and a retrospective registry review was used. Patients were administered apraclonidine 0...
May 2017: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822010/vitrification-of-human-immature-oocytes-before-and-after-in-vitro-maturation-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Mohammad Ali Khalili, Abbas Shahedi, Sareh Ashourzadeh, Stefania Annarita Nottola, Guido Macchiarelli, Maria Grazia Palmerini
The use of immature oocytes subjected to in vitro maturation (IVM) opens interesting perspectives for fertility preservation where ovarian reserves are damaged by pathologies or therapies, as in PCO/PCOS and cancer patients. Human oocyte cryopreservation may offer some advantages compared to embryo freezing, such as fertility preservation in women at risk of losing fertility due to oncological treatment or chronic disease, egg donation and postponing childbirth. It also eliminates religious and/or other ethical, legal, and moral concerns of embryo freezing...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643028/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-adipose-tissue-and-metabolic-syndrome
#5
REVIEW
Alessandro P Delitala, Giampiero Capobianco, Giuseppe Delitala, Pier Luigi Cherchi, Salvatore Dessole
PURPOSE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder that affects women of reproductive age and is characterized by ovulatory dysfunction and/or androgen excess or polycystic ovaries. Women with PCOS present a number of systemic symptoms in addition to those related to the reproductive system. It has been associated with functional derangements in adipose tissue, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: A detailed literature search on Pubmed was done for articles about PCOS, adipokines, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome...
June 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624501/new-biomarkers-for-diagnosis-and-management-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Sidika E Karakas
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder affecting young women. Even though the definition of PCOS has changed over the years, all diagnostic criteria include two or more of the following: oligomenorrhea/oligoovulation/anovulation, androgen excess and polycystic ovaries (PCO). Traditional method of assessing the ovarian morphology has been transvaginal pelvic ultrasound. Recent studies support that serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels correlate with the number of ovarian follicles and cysts...
August 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595284/infertility-diagnosis-has-a-significant-impact-on-the-transcriptome-of-developing-blastocysts
#7
Blair R McCallie, Jason C Parks, Darren K Griffin, William B Schoolcraft, Mandy G Katz-Jaffe
STUDY QUESTION: Is the human blastocyst transcriptome associated with infertility diagnosis, specifically: polycystic ovaries (PCO), male factor (MF) and unexplained (UE)? SUMMARY ANSWER: The global blastocyst transcriptome was significantly altered in association with a PCO, MF and UE infertility diagnosis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Infertility diagnosis has an impact on the probability for a successful outcome following an IVF cycle. Limited information is known regarding the relationship between a specific infertility diagnosis and blastocyst transcription during preimplantation development...
August 1, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463030/use-of-cyproterone-acetate-ethinylestradiol-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-rationale-and-practical-aspects
#8
X Ruan, A Kubba, A Aguilar, A O Mueck
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common, heterogeneous disorder characterised by hyperandrogenic skin symptoms, irregular menstruation and subfertility, increased risk of endometrial malignancy, and increased risk of preventable diseases associated with metabolic syndrome. Cyproterone acetate (CPA) 2 mg, combined with ethinylestradiol (EE) 35 μg, is indicated for the treatment of moderate to severe acne related to androgen-sensitivity (with or without seborrhea) and/or hirsutism, in women of reproductive age...
June 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449962/posterior-versus-three-column-osteotomy-for-late-correction-of-residual-coronal-deformity-in-patients-with-previous-fusions-for-idiopathic-scoliosis
#9
Stephen J Lewis, Sam G Keshen, So Kato, Aaron M Gazendam
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE: To compare the early results of posterior column (PCO) and three-column (3CO) osteotomies performed in patients with previously fused idiopathic scoliosis and review their abilities to achieve coronal correction of residual deformities. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Residual deformity of previously fused AIS can accelerate adjacent segment degeneration secondary to lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) tilt and rotation...
May 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240001/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-diagnostic-criteria-and-amh
#10
Majid Bani Mohammad, Abbas Majdi Seghinsara
The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause of anovulatory infertility and a notable proportion of women of reproductive age are affected. It may constitute a risk factor for cancer development. Different factors could result in different manifestations and many of these are related to predispositions. It is essential to establish criteria to achieve an exact diagnosis of PCOS, especially among adolescent patients because of the overlap between features of PCO syndrome and physiological findings in puberty...
January 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101040/high-rate-of-early-posterior-capsule-opacification-following-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery
#11
Benjamin Rostami, Jack Tian, Nicholas Jackson, Rustum Karanjia, Kenneth Lu
PURPOSE: To compare the rates of rapid posterior capsule opacification (PCO) formation in the first 3 months following femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) to manual anterior capsulorhexis. METHODS: Retrospective review of 29 cases of FLACS, comparing the rates of PCO in the first 3 months following surgery to 50 consecutive cases of manual anterior capsulorhexis. RESULTS: Seven of the 29 FLACS cases developed PCO requiring capsulotomy at 3 months, while none of the control cases required a capsulotomy over the same time period (p < 0...
September 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058161/posterior-capsular-opacification-in-preschool-and-school-age-patients-after-pediatric-cataract-surgery-without-posterior-capsulotomy
#12
Muhammed Batur, Adem Gül, Erbil Seven, Ertuğrul Can, Tekin Yaşar
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the development of posterior capsular opacification (PCO) in preschool- and school-age children with cataract who underwent cataract surgery without posterior capsulotomy and anterior vitrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 30 eyes of 21 patients who underwent pediatric cataract surgery and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation were retrospectively reviewed. Patients' age, PCO status and duration, need for neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (Nd:YAG) laser treatment based on coverage of visual axis, and follow-up period were recorded...
October 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034065/integration-of-palliative-care-into-standard-oncology-care-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-update
#13
REVIEW
Betty R Ferrell, Jennifer S Temel, Sarah Temin, Erin R Alesi, Tracy A Balboni, Ethan M Basch, Janice I Firn, Judith A Paice, Jeffrey M Peppercorn, Tanyanika Phillips, Ellen L Stovall, Camilla Zimmermann, Thomas J Smith
Purpose To provide evidence-based recommendations to oncology clinicians, patients, family and friend caregivers, and palliative care specialists to update the 2012 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) provisional clinical opinion (PCO) on the integration of palliative care into standard oncology care for all patients diagnosed with cancer. Methods ASCO convened an Expert Panel of members of the ASCO Ad Hoc Palliative Care Expert Panel to develop an update. The 2012 PCO was based on a review of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) by the National Cancer Institute Physicians Data Query and additional trials...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956292/surgical-indications-outcomes-and-complications-with-the-use-of-a-modified-capsular-tension-ring-during-cataract-surgery
#14
Bo Li, Yongjun Wang, Monali S Malvankar-Mehta, Cindy M L Hutnik
PURPOSE: To determine the surgical indications, outcomes, and complications with the use of modified capsular tension rings (CTRs) during cataract surgery. SETTING: Ivey Eye Institute, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A systematic review of databases was conducted for studies related to the use of modified CTRs during cataract surgery that were published between 1992 and 2015...
November 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852101/human-chorionic-gonadotrophin-priming-for-fertility-treatment-with-in-vitro-maturation
#15
REVIEW
Jane Reavey, Katy Vincent, Timothy Child, Ingrid E Granne
BACKGROUND: In vitro maturation (IVM) is a fertility treatment that involves the transvaginal retrieval of immature oocytes, and their subsequent maturation and fertilisation. Although the live birth rate is lower than conventional in vitro fertilisation (IVF) with ovarian stimulation, it is a useful treatment, as it avoids the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Women with polycystic ovaries (PCO) or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are at an increased risk of OHSS. Thus, IVM may be a more useful treatment in this patient group...
November 16, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712997/revisiting-secondary-capsulotomy-for-posterior-capsule-management-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#16
Zachary P Elkin, W Jordan Piluek, Douglas R Fredrick
PURPOSE: To evaluate the development and treatment of visual axis opacification following pediatric cataract extraction with intraocular lens placement (IOL) without primary posterior capsulotomy and anterior vitrectomy (PPC+AV). METHODS: The medical records of children who underwent cataract extraction and IOL at an academic medical center were reviewed retrospectively for development of posterior capsular opacification (PCO) to identify risk factors for development of treatment-requiring posterior capsular opacification...
December 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664216/the-prevalence-and-phenotypic-features-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Gurkan Bozdag, Sezcan Mumusoglu, Dila Zengin, Erdem Karabulut, Bulent Okan Yildiz
STUDY QUESTION: What is the reported overall prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) according to the criteria of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Rotterdam or the Androgen Excess and PCOS Society (AE-PCOS Society)? SUMMARY ANSWER: The reported overall prevalence of PCOS (95% CI) according to diagnostic criteria of the NIH, Rotterdam and the AE-PCOS Society is 6% (5-8%, n = 18 trials), 10% (8-13%, n = 15 trials) and 10% (7-13%, n = 10 trials), respectively...
December 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660168/national-institutes-of-health-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-late-effects-initiative-the-patient-centered-outcomes-working-group-report
#18
Margaret Bevans, Areej El-Jawahri, D Kathryn Tierney, Lori Wiener, William A Wood, Flora Hoodin, Erin E Kent, Paul B Jacobsen, Stephanie J Lee, Matthew M Hsieh, Ellen M Denzen, Karen L Syrjala
In 2015, the National Institutes of Health convened six working groups to address the research needs and best practices for late effects of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation survivors. The Patient-Centered Outcomes Working Group, charged with summarizing the HRQOL evidence base, used a scoping review approach to efficiently survey the large body of literature in adult and pediatric HCT survivors over 1 year after transplantation. The goals of this paper are to (1) summarize the current literature describing patient-centered outcomes in survivors, including the various dimensions of health-related quality of life affected by HCT, and describe interventions tested to improve these outcomes; (2) highlight areas with sufficient evidence allowing for integration into standard practice; (3) address methodological issues that restrict progress in this field; (4) identify major gaps to guide future research; and (5) specify priority research recommendations...
April 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495171/patient-centered-outcome-measures-to-assess-functioning-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-low-vision-rehabilitation-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Joshua R Ehrlich, George L Spaeth, Noelle E Carlozzi, Paul P Lee
Low-vision rehabilitation (LVR) aims to improve the functioning of patients with chronic uncorrectable visual impairment. LVR is inherently a patient-centered intervention since its approach and goals are dictated by the needs and abilities of each individual patient. Accordingly, it is essential to have patient-centered outcome (PCO) measures to assess and compare the efficacy and effectiveness of low-vision interventions; however, there is a lack of evidence on the effectiveness of LVR interventions. We reviewed the literature in order to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the field of LVR and the outcome measures used to assess patient functioning in these trials...
February 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373973/lens-glutathione-homeostasis-discrepancies-and-gaps-in-knowledge-standing-in-the-way-of-novel-therapeutic-approaches
#20
REVIEW
Xingjun Fan, Vincent M Monnier, Jeremy Whitson
Cataract is the major cause of blindness worldwide. The WHO has estimated around 20 million people have bilateral blindness from cataract, and that number is expected to reach 50 million in 2050. The cataract surgery is currently the main treatment approach, though often associated with complications, such as Posterior Capsule Opacification (PCO)-also known as secondary cataract. The lens is an avascular ocular structure equipped with an unusually high level of glutathione (GSH), which plays a vital role in maintaining lens transparency by regulating lenticular redox state...
March 2017: Experimental Eye Research
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