keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

MTor and exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143998/oxytocin-mediates-the-beneficial-effects-of-the-exercise-training-on-breast-cancer
#1
Ali Mohammad Alizadeh, Zahra Heydari, Mostafa Rahimi, Behzad Bazgir, Hossein Shirvani, Sadaf Alipour, Yassaman Heidarian, Solmaz Khalighfard, Amin Isanejad
Exercise training can affect the breast tumor growth. We hypothesized that exercise training may reduce breast tumor growth by inducing Oxytocin (OT) secretion and its related signaling pathways such as PI3K/AKT and ERK. Therefore fifty-six BALB/c mice were equally divided into seven groups to study the effects of OT and atosiban (an oxytocin receptor antagonist) together with the interval exercise training on breast tumor growth, as well as tumor related signaling pathways including PI3K/AKT and ERK. Animal weight, OT plasma level, tumor weight and volume measured at the end of study...
November 16, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117557/the-role-of-eif6-in-skeletal-muscle-homeostasis-revealed-by-endurance-training-co-expression-networks
#2
Kim Clarke, Sara Ricciardi, Tim Pearson, Izwan Bharudin, Peter K Davidsen, Michela Bonomo, Daniela Brina, Alessandra Scagliola, Deborah M Simpson, Robert J Beynon, Farhat Khanim, John Ankers, Mark A Sarzynski, Sujoy Ghosh, Addolorata Pisconti, Jan Rozman, Martin Hrabe de Angelis, Chris Bunce, Claire Stewart, Stuart Egginton, Mark Caddick, Malcolm Jackson, Claude Bouchard, Stefano Biffo, Francesco Falciani
Regular endurance training improves muscle oxidative capacity and reduces the risk of age-related disorders. Understanding the molecular networks underlying this phenomenon is crucial. Here, by exploiting the power of computational modeling, we show that endurance training induces profound changes in gene regulatory networks linking signaling and selective control of translation to energy metabolism and tissue remodeling. We discovered that knockdown of the mTOR-independent factor Eif6, which we predicted to be a key regulator of this process, affects mitochondrial respiration efficiency, ROS production, and exercise performance...
November 7, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110174/murine-myoblast-migration-influence-of-replicative-ageing-and-nutrition
#3
Alexander D Brown, Graeme L Close, Adam P Sharples, Claire E Stewart
Cell migration is central to skeletal muscle repair following damage. Leucine and β-Hydroxy β-methylbutyric acid (HMB) are supplements consumed for recovery from muscle damaging exercise in humans, however, their impact on muscle cell migration with age is not yet understood. We hypothesised that replicatively aged ("aged"; P46-P48) myoblasts would be less efficient at basal and supplemented repair versus parental controls ("control"; P12-P16). Aged and control myoblasts were scratch-damaged and migration velocity, directionality and distance assessed over 48 h in the absence and presence of leucine (10 mM) or HMB (10 mM) ± PI3K/Akt (LY294002 10 μM), ERK (PD98059 5 μM) or mTOR (rapamycin 0...
November 7, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099523/a-potential-strategy-for-counteracting-age-related-sarcopenia-preliminary-evidence-of-combined-exercise-training-and-leucine-supplementation
#4
Z Xia, J M Cholewa, Y Zhao, Y Yang, H Shang, H Jiang, Q Su, N E Zanchi
Previous research has demonstrated the positive effects of concurrent/combined aerobic and resistance exercise or leucine supplementation on skeletal muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and hypertrophy in aging organisms. However, the effects of a multimodal intervention which combines both aerobic and resistance exercise and leucine supplementation has not been fully elucidated. Eighteen month old and 2 month old C57BL/6 mice were assigned to aging control (AC, n = 8), aging and multimodal intervention (AMI, n = 8) and young control (YC, n = 8)...
November 3, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092860/exercise-training-reverses-inflammation-and-muscle-wasting-after-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#5
Karsten Krüger, Michael Seimetz, Robert Ringseis, Jochen Wilhelm, Alexandra Pichl, Aline Couturier, Klaus Eder, Norbert Weissmann, Frank C Mooren
Long term cigarette smoking induces inflammatory processes in the pulmonary system which are suggested to "spill over" into systemic inflammation. Regular exercise has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of therapeutic exercise on inflammation and muscle wasting in smoke-exposed mice. C57BL/6J-mice (n = 30) were separated into three groups to receive either: (1) controls with no specific treatment (Con group), (2) 8 months exposure to cigarette smoke (smoke-exposed (SE) group), (3) 8 months of cigarette smoke combined with exercise training during the last 2 months (SEex group)...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036762/low-intensity-aerobic-exercise-training-inhibition-of-skeletal-muscle-atrophy-in-high-fat-diet-induced-ovariectomized-rats
#6
Hye Jin Kim, Won Jun Lee
PURPOSE: Postmenopausal women are highly susceptible to diseases, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, or skeletal muscle atrophy and many people recognize the need for regular physical activity. Aerobic exercise training is known to improve the oxidative capacity and insulin sensitivity of skeletal muscles. This study aimed to investigate the role of low-intensity aerobic exercise training on skeletal muscle protein degradation or synthesis in the plantaris muscles of high-fat-fed ovariectomized rats...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971834/differential-localisation-and-anabolic-responsiveness-of-mtor-complexes-in-human-skeletal-muscle-in-response-to-feeding-and-exercise
#7
Nathan Hodson, Chris McGlory, Sara Y Oikawa, Stewart Jeromson, Zhe Song, Markus A Ruegg, D Lee Hamilton, Stuart M Phillips, Andrew Philp
Mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) resides as two complexes within skeletal muscle. mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1-Raptor positive) regulates skeletal muscle growth, whereas mTORC2 (Rictor positive) regulates insulin sensitivity. To examine the regulation of these complexes in human skeletal muscle, we utilised immunohistochemical analysis to study the localisation of mTOR complexes prior to and following protein-carbohydrate feeding (FED) and resistance exercise plus protein-carbohydrate feeding (EXFED) in unilateral exercise model...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953236/post-exercise-muscle-protein-synthesis-in-rats-after-ingestion-of-acidified-bovine-milk-compared-with-skim-milk
#8
Kyosuke Nakayama, Atsushi Kanda, Ryoichi Tagawa, Chiaki Sanbongi, Shuji Ikegami, Hiroyuki Itoh
Bovine milk proteins have a low absorption rate due to gastric acid-induced coagulation. Acidified milk remains liquid under acidic conditions; therefore, the absorption rate of its protein may differ from that of untreated milk. To investigate how this would affect muscle protein synthesis (MPS), we compared MPS after ingestion of acidified versus skim milk in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats swam for 2 h and were immediately administered acidified or skim milk, then euthanized at 30, 60, 90, and 120 min afterwards...
September 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944867/succinate-promotes-skeletal-muscle-protein-synthesis-via-erk1-2-signaling-pathway
#9
Yexian Yuan, Yaqiong Xu, Jingren Xu, Bingqing Liang, Xingcai Cai, Canjun Zhu, Lina Wang, Songbo Wang, Xiaotong Zhu, Ping Gao, Xiuqi Wang, Yongliang Zhang, Qingyan Jiang, Gang Shu
It is well known that endurance training is effective to attenuate skeletal muscle atrophy. Succinate is a typical TCA metabolite, of which exercise could dramatically increase the content. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of succinate on protein synthesis in skeletal muscle, and try to delineate the underlying mechanism. The in vitro study revealed that succinate dose‑dependently increased protein synthesis in C2C12 myotube along with the enhancement of phosphorylation levels of AKT Serine/Threonine Kinase 1(Akt), mammalian target of rapamycin, S6, eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E, 4E binding protein 1 and forkhead box O (FoxO) 3a...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940037/satellite-cell-activation-and-mtor-signaling-pathway-response-to-resistance-and-combined-exercise-in-elite-weight-lifters
#10
Chang Hyun Lim, Thien Suong Luu, Le Quy Phoung, Tae Seok Jeong, Chang Keun Kim
PURPOSE: Our aim was to compare the effects of a single exercise training mode (resistance exercise) with a combined exercise training (resistance and plyometric exercise) mode on satellite cell activity and anabolic signaling at the molecular level. METHODS: Eighteen male weight lifters (20 ± 4 years, BMI 27 ± 6 kg/m(2)) were randomly assigned to either a series of resistance exercise or a series of combined exercise group. The intensity of the exercise was set at 60% of their 1 RM weight and subjects completed three sets each of six repetitions...
November 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937244/cardiac-at1-receptor-dependent-and-igf1-receptor-independent-signaling-is-activated-by-a-single-bout-of-resistance-exercise
#11
S Fs Melo, V G Barauna, T Fernandes, E C Carmo, C Ro Carvalho, E M Oliveira
AT1 receptor (AT1R) blockade prevents physiological cardiac hypertrophy induced by resistance training. Also, our group showed that a single bout of resistance exercise (RE) activates the AKT/mTOR which was also inhibited by AT1R blocker. Here, we investigated whether IGF1-receptor (IGF1-R) and MAPKs were also activated after a single bout of RE. Wistar rats were divided into Sedentary (SED); Sedentary treated with losartan (SED+LOS); Exercise (EX); and Exercise treated with losartan (EX+LOS). Cardiac tissue was obtained 5 and 30 minutes after 4 sets of 12 repetitions of squat exercise (80%1RM)...
September 22, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861930/electrical-pulse-stimulation-an-in-vitro-exercise-model-for-the-induction-of-human-skeletal-muscle-cell-hypertrophy-a-proof-of-concept-study
#12
Janelle Tarum, Mattias Folkesson, Philip J Atherton, Fawzi Kadi
What is the central question of this study? Is electrical pulse stimulation (EPS) an in vitro exercise model able to elicit the hypertrophy of human muscle cells? What is the main finding and its importance? The addition of a restitution period of 8 h after EPS induces the enlargement of human muscle cells, a major physiological end-point to resistance exercise. This is supported by downregulation of myostatin, a negative regulator of muscle mass, and increased phosphorylated mTOR and 4E-BP1, key factors in the growth cascade...
August 31, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860165/influence-of-nutrient-ingestion-on-amino-acid-transporters-and-protein-synthesis-in-human-skeletal-muscle-after-sprint-exercise
#13
Håkan Claes Rundqvist, Mona Esbjörnsson, Olav Rooyackers, Ted Osterlund, Marcus Moberg, William Apró, Eva Blomstrand, Eva Jansson
Nutrient ingestion is known to increase the exercise-induced stimulation of muscle protein synthesis following resistance exercise. Less is known about the effect of nutrients on muscle protein synthesis following sprint exercise. At two occasions separated by one month, twelve healthy subjects performed three 30-s sprints with 20-min rest between bouts. In randomized order, they consumed a drink with essential amino acids and maltodextrin (nutrient) or flavored water (placebo). Muscle biopsies were obtained 80 and 200 min after the last sprint and blood samples were taken repeatedly during the experiment...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856713/leucine-supplementation-after-mechanical-stimulation-activates-protein-synthesis-via-l-type-amino-acid-transporter-1-in-vitro
#14
Naoya Nakai, Fuminori Kawano, Taro Murakami, Ken Nakata, Kazuhiko Higashida
Branched-chain amino acid supplements consumed following exercise are widely used to increase muscle mass. Although both exercise (ie, mechanical stimulation) and branched-chain amino acid leucine supplementation have been reported to stimulate muscle protein synthesis by activating the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway independently, the mechanisms underlying their synergistic effects are largely unknown. Utilizing cultured differentiated C2C12 myotubes, we established a combination treatment model in which the cells were subjected to cyclic uniaxial mechanical stretching (4 h, 15%, 1 Hz) followed by stimulation with 2 mM leucine for 45 min...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806275/effects-of-creatine-and-carbohydrate-loading-on-cycling-time-trial-performance
#15
Kristyen A Tomcik, Donny M Camera, Julia L Bone, Megan L Ross, Nikki A Jeacocke, Bill Tachtsis, Joan Senden, Luc J C van Loon, John A Hawley, Louise M Burke
INTRODUCTION: Creatine- and carbohydrate-loading are dietary strategies used to enhance exercise capacity. This study examined the metabolic and performance effects of a combined creatine and CHO-loading regiment on time-trial (TT) cycling bouts. METHODS: Eighteen well-trained (~65mL[BULLET OPERATOR]kg[BULLET OPERATOR]min VO2peak) males completed three performance trials (PT) comprised of a 120-km cycling TT interspersed with alternating 1- and 4-km sprints (6 sprints each) performed every 10-km followed by an inclined ride to fatigue (~90% VO2peak)...
August 11, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802917/aerobic-exercise-in-adolescence-results-in-an-increase-of-neuronal-and-non-neuronal-cells-and-in-mtor-overexpression-in-the-cerebral-cortex-of-rats
#16
Angélica Begatti Victorino, Fernando Tadeu Serra, Pâmella Pimentel Piñero, Alexandre Aparecido de Almeida, Glauber Menezes Lopim, Ivair Matias Junior, Helio Rubens Machado, Roberto Lent, Francisco Romero Cabral, Fernando Gomez-Pinilla, Ricardo Mario Arida, Sérgio Gomes da Silva
Better cognitive performance and greater cortical and hippocampal volume have been observed in individuals who undertook aerobic exercise during childhood and adolescence. One possible explanation for these beneficial effects is that juvenile physical exercise enables better neural development and hence more cells and neuronal circuitries. It is probable that such effects occur through intracellular signaling proteins associated with cell growth, proliferation and survival. Based on this information, we evaluated the number of neuronal and non-neuronal cells using isotropic fractionation and the expression and activation of intracellular proteins (ERK, CREB, Akt, mTOR and p70S6K) in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal formation of the rats submitted to a physical exercise program on a treadmill during adolescence...
August 9, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767526/exercise-protects-skeletal-muscle-during-chronic-doxorubicin-administration
#17
Jared M Dickinson, Andrew C D'Lugos, Tara N Mahmood, Jordan C Ormsby, Lara Salvo, W Logan Dedmon, Shivam H Patel, Mark S Katsma, Farouk Mookadam, Rayna J Gonzales, Taben M Hale, Chad C Carroll, Siddhartha S Angadi
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the ability for exercise training performed before and during biweekly doxorubicin (DOX) administration to attenuate adverse effects of DOX on skeletal muscle. We hypothesized that DOX treatment would increase REDD1, impair mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling, and reduce muscle fiber size, and that exercise training would attenuate these responses. METHODS: Eight-week-old ovariectomized female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized to one of four treatments: exercise + DOX (Ex-Dox), Ex + vehicle (Ex-Veh), sedentary + DOX (Sed-Dox), and Sed + Veh (Sed-Veh)...
December 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762162/effect-of-acute-treadmill-exercise-on-cisplatin-induced-muscle-atrophy-in-the-mouse
#18
Hiroyasu Sakai, Minami Kimura, Yosuke Isa, Saori Yabe, Akihide Maruyama, Yukari Tsuruno, Yuki Kai, Fumiaki Sato, Tetsuro Yumoto, Yoshihiko Chiba, Minoru Narita
Cisplatin, a platinum-based anti-cancer drug, is one of the most effective broad-spectrum anti-cancer agents used against various cancers. It has been recently suggested that low skeletal muscle mass is predictive of mortality in patients with cancer. Although several molecules produced by the actual tumor itself contribute to skeletal muscle impairment, we recently suggested that the administration of cisplatin could increase levels of muscle RING finger-1 (MuRF1) and atrogin-1, possibly leading to muscle atrophy in the mouse...
July 31, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701315/effect-of-endurance-training-and-branched-chain-amino-acids-on-the-signaling-for-muscle-protein-synthesis-in-ckd-model-rats-fed-a-low-protein-diet
#19
Takuya Yoshida, Sachika Kakizawa, Yuri Totsuka, Miho Sugimoto, Shinji Miura, Hiromichi Kumagai
A low-protein diet (LPD) protects against the progression of renal injury in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, LPD may accelerate muscle wasting in these patients. Both exercise and branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) are known to increase muscle protein synthesis by activating the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. The aim of this study was to investigate whether endurance exercise and BCAA play a role for increasing muscle protein synthesis in LPD-fed CKD (5/6 nephrectomized) rats...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694500/resistance-exercise-initiates-mechanistic-target-of-rapamycin-mtor-translocation-and-protein-complex-co-localisation-in-human-skeletal-muscle
#20
Zhe Song, Daniel R Moore, Nathan Hodson, Carl Ward, Jessica R Dent, Mary F O'Leary, Andrew M Shaw, D Lee Hamilton, Sovan Sarkar, Yann-Gaël Gangloff, Troy A Hornberger, Lawrence L Spriet, George J Heigenhauser, Andrew Philp
The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a central mediator of protein synthesis in skeletal muscle. We utilized immunofluorescence approaches to study mTOR cellular distribution and protein-protein co-localisation in human skeletal muscle in the basal state as well as immediately, 1 and 3 h after an acute bout of resistance exercise in a fed (FED; 20 g Protein/40 g carbohydrate/1 g fat) or energy-free control (CON) state. mTOR and the lysosomal protein LAMP2 were highly co-localised in basal samples...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
30374
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"