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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869408/knowledge-level-attitude-and-own-experience-of-health-professionals-about-breastfeeding-and-breast-milk-in-a-city-of-turkey-cross-sectional-study
#1
Aylin Baydar Artantas, Burcu Kayhan Tetis, Melek Kılıc, İrep Karatas Eray, Nazan Cetin, Sinem Güney, Dogan Akdogan, Umut Domad, Yusuf Ustu, Mehmet Ugurlu
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide consensus about breastfeeding is that the infant should exclusively be breastfed until six months of life. Despite this, the rate of exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of age is low in so many countries including Turkey. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, the attitudes and the own experiences of health professionals about breastfeeding and breast milk, in a metropolitan city in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed between July 2012 and December 2013...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868152/effect-of-buffalo-casein-derived-novel-bioactive-peptides-on-osteoblast-differentiation
#2
Srinu Reddi, Venkatesa Perumal Shanmugam, Kemgang Sonfack Tanedjeu, Suman Kapila, Rajeev Kapila
PURPOSE: Epidemiological and intervention studies show that milk consumption in childhood and during adolescence is related to higher bone mineral density. Milk and milk products prevent the bone loss in pre- and postmenopausal women. Apart from calcium, there are other biologically active compounds in milk such as bioactive peptides which may play a role in promoting bone health. Casein is the major protein in milk which has also been reported to have numerous biological active peptides within it...
November 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859574/reintroduction-failure-is-common-among-adolescents-after-double-blind-placebo-controlled-food-challenges
#3
Å Strinnholm, A Winberg, L Hedman, E Rönmark, V Lindh
AIM: There has been a lack of research on adolescents' who undergo double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges. The aim of this study was to investigate food allergic adolescents' experiences and consequences of double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges. METHODS: This qualitative, descriptive interview study included 17 adolescents aged 14-15 years with total elimination of cows' milk, hens' eggs or cod due to food allergies. The participants, who were initially identified from a large population-based cohort study, were interviewed 18 months after completing their challenges...
November 12, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846923/socio-economic-disparities-in-the-diet-of-french-children-and-adolescents-a-multidimensional-issue
#4
Peggy Drouillet-Pinard, Carine Dubuisson, Isabelle Bordes, Irène Margaritis, Sandrine Lioret, Jean-Luc Volatier
OBJECTIVE: The present research aimed to study the multidimensionality of the link between dietary intake and socio-economic position (SEP) in a representative sample of French children and adolescents, using a variety of SEP indicators. DESIGN: Data from the second French national food consumption survey (INCA2) were used. Information on food consumption was collected using a 7d food record and SEP data (occupation, education, income, household wealth indices) using questionnaires...
November 16, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836164/-anaphylaxis-in-children-what-pediatricians-should-know
#5
G Pouessel, A Deschildre
Anaphylaxis is a severe potentially life-threatening allergic emergency that has been increasing over the last two decades, especially in young children. Anaphylaxis deaths remain rare, in particular in children, and their frequency is stable during this period. Food is the main anaphylaxis trigger in children, notably to cow's milk, peanuts, and tree nuts. In infants, the recognition of anaphylaxis may be difficult. Vomiting, urticaria, and laryngeal edema are more frequent at this age. Cardiovascular involvement is rare, most often encountered in adolescence...
November 8, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830423/trans-fatty-acids-in-colostrum-mature-milk-and-diet-of-lactating-adolescents
#6
Roseli de Souza Santos da Costa, Flavia da Silva Santos, Daniela de Barros Mucci, Tânia Vignuda de Souza, Fátima Lucia de Carvalho Sardinha, Célia Regina Moutinho de Miranda Chaves, Maria das Graças Tavares do Carmo
The purpose of this study was to investigate the trans fatty acids (TFA) content and distribution in colostrum, mature milk, and diet of adolescent mothers, after TFA declaration in food labels became mandatory in Brazil. Participants were healthy adolescents (n 54, 15-19 years, 1-90 days postpartum) practicing exclusive breastfeeding. Milk samples were collected 3 days after delivery (colostrum) and in the third month postpartum (mature milk) by hand expression. The fatty acid composition of the milk samples was determined by gas chromatography...
November 9, 2016: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829485/the-impact-of-doubling-dairy-or-plant-based-foods-on-consumption-of-nutrients-of-concern-and-proper-bone-health-for-adolescent-females
#7
Elieke Demmer, Christopher J Cifelli, Jenny A Houchins, Victor L Fulgoni
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of increasing plant-based foods v. dairy foods on energy and nutrients of concern in adolescent females via diet modelling exercises. DESIGN: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to compare nutrient intakes from usual diet with those from three dietary scenarios that increased current intakes by 100 % of the following: (i) plant-based foods; (ii) protein-rich plant-based foods; and (iii) milk, cheese and yoghurt...
November 10, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818138/sodium-intake-among-us-school-aged-children-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2012
#8
Zerleen S Quader, Cathleen Gillespie, Sarah A Sliwa, Jaspreet K C Ahuja, Jinee P Burdg, Alanna Moshfegh, Pamela R Pehrsson, Janelle P Gunn, Kristy Mugavero, Mary E Cogswell
BACKGROUND: Identifying current major dietary sources of sodium can enhance strategies to reduce excess sodium intake, which occurs among 90% of US school-aged children. OBJECTIVE: To describe major food sources, places obtained, and eating occasions contributing to sodium intake among US school-aged children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: A nationally representative sample of 2,142 US children aged 6 to 18 years who completed a 24-hour dietary recall...
November 2, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792184/water-and-beverage-consumption-analysis-of-the-australian-2011-2012-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#9
Zhixian Sui, Miaobing Zheng, Man Zhang, Anna Rangan
BACKGROUND: Water consumption as a vital component of the human diet is under-researched in dietary surveys and nutrition studies. AIM: To assess total water and fluid intakes and examine demographic, anthropometric, and dietary factors associated with water consumption in the Australian population. METHODS: Dietary intake data from the 2011 to 2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used. Usual water, fluid and food and nutrient intakes were estimated from two days of dietary recalls...
October 26, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733903/impaired-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-allergy-to-staple-foods
#10
Jennifer Lisa Penner Protudjer, Sven-Arne Jansson, Roelinde Middelveld, Eva Östblom, Sven-Erik Dahlén, Marianne Heibert Arnlind, Ulf Bengtsson, Ingrid Kallström-Bengtsson, Birgitta Marklund, Georgios Rentzos, Ann-Charlotte Sundqvist, Johanna Åkerström, Staffan Ahlstedt
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk, hen's egg and wheat are staple foods in a typical western diet. Despite the ubiquity of these foods, the impact of staple food allergy on health-related quality of life (HRQL) amongst adolescents is incompletely understood. The aims of this study were to make use of the Swedish version of EuroPrevall's disease-specific food allergy quality of life questionnaire-teenager form (FAQLQ-TF) and to investigate the association between objectively-diagnosed staple food allergy and HRQL amongst adolescents...
2016: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702712/melamine-contaminated-milk-formula-and-its-impact-on-children
#11
Jian Guo Wen, Xin Jian Liu, Zhi Min Wang, Tian Fang Li, Mark L Wahlqvist
The melamine contaminated milk powder contamination scandal occurred in China in 2008. Its main consequences so far have been urinary stone formation in children with associated renal damage and increased child mortality. Eight years have passed, but food safety issues still remain of concern in the daily lives of millions of Chinese. Vigilance is required to ensure no recurrence of such food safety problems. Ongoing studies focus on the early detection of food industry malpractice, mechanisms whereby these toxic substances induce disease and how its advent may be prevented and better managed...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699440/are-milk-and-alternatives-and-fruit-and-vegetable-intakes-during-adolescence-associated-with-cortical-and-trabecular-bone-structure-density-and-strength-in-adulthood
#12
E Z Movassagh, S Kontulainen, A D G Baxter-Jones, S Whiting, M Szafron, M Papadimitropoulos, H Vatanparast
: We investigated the impact of food group intake during adolescence on bone structure and strength during adulthood. In females, we found a beneficial effect of adolescent milk and alternatives and fruit and vegetable intake on adult radius shaft and distal tibia bone structure, respectively. No association was observed in males. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether adolescents with high intake of milk and alternatives (M&A) or fruit and vegetables (F&V) had better adult bone structure and strength compared to those with low intake levels...
October 3, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686820/metabolic-endocrine-and-appetite-related-responses-to-acute-and-daily-milk-snack-consumption-in-healthy-adolescent-males
#13
Benjamin P Green, Emma J Stevenson, Penny L S Rumbold
Comprising of two experiments, this study assessed the metabolic, endocrine and appetite-related responses to acute and chronic milk consumption in adolescent males (15-18 y). Eleven adolescents [mean ± SD age: 16.5 ± 0.9 y; BMI: 23.3 ± 3.3 kg/m(2)] participated in the acute experiment and completed two laboratory visits (milk vs. fruit-juice) in a randomized crossover design, separated by 7-d. Seventeen adolescents [age: 16.1 ± 0.9 y; BMI: 21.8 ± 3.7 kg/m(2)] completed the chronic experiment...
September 26, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677934/adolescent-methylmercury-exposure-affects-choice-and-delay-discounting-in-mice
#14
Steven R Boomhower, M Christopher Newland
The developing fetus is vulnerable to low-level exposure to methylmercury (MeHg), an environmental neurotoxicant, but the consequences of exposure during the adolescent period remain virtually unknown. The current experiments were designed to assess the effects of low-level MeHg exposure during adolescence on delay discounting, preference for small, immediate reinforcers over large, delayed ones, using a mouse model. Thirty-six male C57BL/6n mice were exposed to 0, 0.3, or 3.0ppm mercury (as MeHg) via drinking water from postnatal day 21 through 59, encompassing the murine adolescent period...
December 2016: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669289/using-two-different-approaches-to-assess-dietary-patterns-hypothesis-driven-and-data-driven-analysis
#15
Ágatha Nogueira Previdelli, Samantha Caesar de Andrade, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni
The use of dietary patterns to assess dietary intake has become increasingly common in nutritional epidemiology studies due to the complexity and multidimensionality of the diet. Currently, two main approaches have been widely used to assess dietary patterns: data-driven and hypothesis-driven analysis. Since the methods explore different angles of dietary intake, using both approaches simultaneously might yield complementary and useful information; thus, we aimed to use both approaches to gain knowledge of adolescents' dietary patterns...
2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665676/a-cross-sectional-observation-on-habitual-non-alcoholic-beverage-consumption-among-adolescents-from-four-irish-post-primary-schools
#16
Sophie Millar, Megan O'Donoghue, Breige McNulty, Laura Kirwan, Aideen McKevitt
OBJECTIVE: No up-to-date data on the dietary intake of Irish adolescents are available. The aim of the present pilot study was to obtain and compare cross-sectional information on habitual adolescent beverage consumption between four distinct post-primary schools in the Republic of Ireland, in 2014-2015. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observation study. A beverage consumption questionnaire was used to obtain data on beverage intake and influences on consumption. SETTING: Four post-primary mixed-sex schools in Ireland representing the following school classifications were selected for the study: urban fee-paying, urban disadvantaged, rural fee-paying and rural disadvantaged...
September 26, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641637/associations-between-free-sugars-and-nutrient-intakes-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-uk
#17
Sigrid Gibson, Lucy Francis, Katie Newens, Barbara Livingstone
This study explored associations between free sugars intake (using non-milk extrinsic sugars as proxy) and nutrient intakes among children aged 1·5-18 years in the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey 2008-2012. Dietary records were completed by 2073 children (95 % completed 4 d). Mean free sugars intakes (% energy) were 11·8, 14·7 and 15·4 % in the 1·5-3, 4-10 and 11-18 years age groups, respectively. Nutrient intakes and nutrient density were compared across quintiles (Q1-Q5) of free sugars intake (% energy) within each age group...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630112/prevalence-and-correlates-of-missing-meals-among-high-school-students-united-states-2010
#18
Zewditu Demissie, Danice K Eaton, Richard Lowry, Allison J Nihiser, Jennifer L Foltz
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and correlates of missing meals among adolescents. DESIGN: The 2010 National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Study, a cross-sectional study. SETTING: School based. PARTICIPANTS: A nationally representative sample of 11 429 high school students. MEASURES: Breakfast, lunch, and dinner consumption; demographics; measured and perceived weight status; physical activity and sedentary behaviors; and fruit, vegetable, milk, sugar-sweetened beverage, and fast-food intake...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567645/infant-and-young-child-feeding-guidelines-2016
#19
Satish Tiwari, Ketan Bharadva, Balraj Yadav, Sushma Malik, Prashant Gangal, C R Banapurmath, Zeeba Zaka-Ur-Rab, Urmila Deshmukh, - Visheshkumar, R K Agrawal
JUSTIFICATION: Shaping up the post-2015 development agenda is of crucial importance in the development process around the Globe as 2015 was the last year of milllionium development goals. It is the right time to asses our own progress vis-a-vis the Millennium Development Goals and these Guidelines are an attempt in that regard. PROCESS: The Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) chapter of Indian Academy of Pediatrics invited a group of experts for National Consultative Meet for discussing and contributing on latest scientific advances and developments...
August 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545902/nutritional-interventions-for-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Jennifer E Cohen, Claire E Wakefield, Richard J Cohn
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors are at a higher risk of developing health conditions such as osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease than their peers. Health-promoting behaviour, such as consuming a healthy diet, could lessen the impact of these chronic issues, yet the prevalence rate of health-protecting behaviour amongst survivors of childhood cancer is similar to that of the general population. Targeted nutritional interventions may prevent or reduce the incidence of these chronic diseases...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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