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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752831/longitudinal-associations-between-dental-caries-increment-and-risk-factors-in-late-childhood-and-adolescence
#1
Alexandra M Curtis, John VanBuren, Joseph E Cavanaugh, John J Warren, Teresa A Marshall, Steven M Levy
OBJECTIVES: To assess longitudinal associations between permanent tooth caries increment and both modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors, using best subsets model selection. METHODS: The Iowa Fluoride Study has followed a birth cohort with standardized caries exams without radiographs of the permanent dentition conducted at about ages 9, 13, and 17 years. Questionnaires were sent semi-annually to assess fluoride exposures and intakes, select food and beverage intakes, and tooth brushing frequency...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746746/prevalence-of-anemia-and-consumption-of-iron-rich-food-groups-in-mexican-children-and-adolescents-ensanut-mc-2016
#2
Vanessa De la Cruz-Góngora, Salvador Villalpando, Teresa Shamah-Levy
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of anemia and con-sumption of iron rich groups among Mexican children and adolescents who participated in the Halfway National Health and Nutrition Survey, 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study sample included children and adolescents who provided full capillary hemoglobin data. Anemia was defined accord-ing to WHO criteria. Logistic regression models were used to explore the association among consumption of iron-rich food groups, sociodemographic characteristics and anemia...
May 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723971/assessment-of-lactose-free-diet-on-the-phalangeal-bone-mineral-status-in-italian-adolescents-affected-by-adult-type-hypolactasia
#3
Alessandro Baldan, Sylvie Tagliati, Daniela Saccomandi, Andrea Brusaferro, Laura Busoli, Andrea Scala, Cristina Malaventura, Giuseppe Maggiore, Caterina Borgna-Pignatti
Adult-type hypolactasia (ATH) is a clinical syndrome of primary lactase deficiency. A lactose-free diet is advisable to avoid the symptoms linked to the condition, but this potentially creates problems for optimal bone mineralization due to reduced calcium intake. To evaluate the effect of the lactose-free diet on the bone mineral status (BMS), we compared the phalangeal BMS of adolescents with ATH to that of peers on a normal diet. Also, we analyzed the correlations between BMS and dietary behavior, physical exercise, and calcium and vitamin D intake...
May 1, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721221/caries-and-quality-of-life-in-portuguese-adolescents-impact-of-diet-and-behavioural-risk-factors
#4
Javier Montero, José Costa, Isabel Bica, Rocío Barrios
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of diet and behavioural risk factors on caries appearance, and on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Portuguese adolescents. Material and Methods: An epidemiological study conducted on 782 adolescents between 11-17 years, from randomly selected public schools of the 3rd cycle of basic education. All participants were asked for self-perceived general status health, about tooth-brushing habits and about the using of toothpaste with fluoride and a Food Frequency Questionnaire...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694583/food-and-nutrition-insecurity-indicators-associated-with-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-brazilian-children-a-systematic-review
#5
Hercilio Paulino André, Naiara Sperandio, Renata Lopes de Siqueira, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Silvia Eloiza Priore
This study aimed to review food and nutrition insecurity indicators associated with iron deficiency anemia in Brazilian children below 5 years. We searched in electronic databases (SciELO, Lilacs, and Medline) and selected studies by titles, abstracts and full-text reading. Of the 1,023 studies analyzed, 11 fit the inclusion criteria. The results of the studies evidenced that iron deficiency anemia in Brazilian children was associated with sociodemographic and health indicators (male, age below 24 months, children of adolescent mothers, respiratory infections, diarrhea, low maternal schooling, parents' working conditions, nursery time, lack of basic sanitation, maternal anemia, lack of ferrous sulfate use by the mother and/or child and late onset of prenatal care), nutritional indicators (low birth weight, diet characteristics, such as the habit of milk consumption close to meals, low exclusive and full breastfeeding time) and economic indicators (low per capita income)...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678750/specific-igg-4-antibodies-to-cow-s-milk-proteins-in-pediatric-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#6
Alexander J Schuyler, Jeffrey M Wilson, Anubha Tripathi, Scott P Commins, Princess U Ogbogu, Patrice G Kruzsewski, Barrett H Barnes, Emily C McGowan, Lisa J Workman, Jonas Lidholm, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Emily Oken, Diane R Gold, Thomas A E Platts-Mills, Elizabeth A Erwin
BACKGROUND: Allergen-specific IgG4 antibodies are often associated with tolerance, but specific IgG4 antibodies (sIgG4 ) to causally relevant foods have recently been reported in adult eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Prevalence and levels of food-sIgG4 are not well established in the general pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate serum food-sIgG4 with component diagnostics in children with EoE and children from an unselected birth cohort and to explore the effects of sex, age and milk consumption on sIgG4 levels METHODS: Sera from 71 cases of pediatric EoE and 210 early-adolescent children from an unselected birth cohort (Project Viva) were assayed for sIgG4 and specific IgE (sIgE) to major cow's milk (CM) proteins (α-lactalbumin, β-lactoglobulin, caseins) and to wheat, soy, egg, and peanut proteins...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672109/maternal-protein-free-diet-during-lactation-programs-male-wistar-rat-offspring-for-increased-novelty-seeking-locomotor-activity-and-visuospatial-performance
#7
Bruna M Lotufo, Frank Tenório, Penha C Barradas, Paulo L Guedes, Sebastião S Lima, Michael L M Rocha, Vitor Hugo Duarte-Pinheiro, Vanessa S T Rodrigues, Patrícia C Lisboa, Cláudio C Filgueiras, Yael Abreu-Villaça, Alex C Manhães
It is well established that chronic undernutrition has detrimental impacts on brain development and maturation. However, protein malnutrition during the period specifically encompassing the brain growth spurt has not been widely studied, particularly regarding its effects on adolescent and adult offspring behavior. Here, we assessed the effects of a protein-free diet during the 1st 10 postnatal days on the macronutrient content of the milk produced by lactating Wistar rats, on their maternal behavior, and on the offspring's behavior...
April 2018: Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670474/positive-effect-of-fermented-camel-milk-on-liver-enzymes-of-adolescents-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-double-blind-randomized-cross-over-trial
#8
Zahra Fallah, Awat Feizi, Mahin Hashemipour, Roya Kelishadi
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has several health consequences. Liver enzymes elevation is among them. Aim: This study aimed to assess the effects of fermented Camel milk (FCM), as a functional food and dairy, on some features of MetS in adolescents including liver enzymes status, serum lipids and anthropometric measures. Methods: Overweight/obese adolescents with MetS were randomly assigned to FCM 250 cc per day for 8 weeks, a 4-week washout, and then to diluted Cow's yogurt (DCY) 250 cc per day for 8 weeks, or the reverse sequence...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664211/a-comparison-of-approaches-for-simultaneous-inference-of-fixed-effects-for-multiple-outcomes-using-linear-mixed-models
#9
Signe M Jensen, Christian Ritz
Longitudinal studies with multiple outcomes often pose challenges for the statistical analysis. A joint model including all outcomes has the advantage of incorporating the simultaneous behavior but is often difficult to fit due to computational challenges. We consider 2 alternative approaches to quantify and assess the loss in efficiency as compared with joint modelling when evaluating fixed effects. The first approach is pairwise fitting of pseudolikelihood functions for pairs of outcomes. The second approach recovers correlations between parameter estimates across multiple marginal linear mixed models...
April 17, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659918/association-of-dairy-intake-with-weight-change-in-adolescents-undergoing-obesity-treatment
#10
Brian H Wrotniak, Lesley Georger, Douglas L Hill, Babette S Zemel, Nicolas Stettler
Background: The role of dairy products in obesity treatment for adolescents is unclear. The study purpose was to assess the association between dairy intake and changes in BMI z-score (zBMI) during adolescent obesity treatment. Methods: Observational study nested within a randomized control trial. Linear mixed-effects regression models were adjusted for important non-lifestyle factors then further adjusted for dietary and physical activity variables. In total, 91 adolescents were studied...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561863/self-reported-bovine-milk-intake-is-associated-with-oral-microbiota-composition
#11
Ingegerd Johansson, Anders Esberg, Linda Eriksson, Simon Haworth, Pernilla Lif Holgerson
Bovine milk intake has been associated with various disease outcomes, with modulation of the gastro-intestinal microbiome being suggested as one potential mechanism. The aim of the present study was to explore the oral microbiota in relation to variation in self-reported milk intake. Saliva and tooth biofilm microbiota was characterized by 16S rDNA sequencing, PCR and cultivation in 154 Swedish adolescents, and information on diet and other lifestyle markers were obtained from a questionnaire, and dental caries from clinical examination...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553811/mediterranean-diet-in-a-sicilian-student-population-second-part-breakfast-and-its-nutritional-profile
#12
Daniela Metro, Mattia Papa, Luigi Manasseri, Teresa Gervasi, Luca Campone, Vito Pellizzeri, Roberta Tardugno, Giacomo Dugo
Breakfast habits affect the nutritional status and health of people, in particular children and adolescents. This is the second part a previous study about the adherence to the Mediterranean diet in a Sicilian (Italy) student population. The investigation analysed both normal weight and overweight subjects in order to understand how eating habits, number of meals and daily calorie intakes could affect their body mass indexes (BMI). The aim of this second part was to analyse the breakfast nutritional profiles of this student population...
March 19, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549437/treatment-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-the-pediatric-patient-an-evidence-based-approach
#13
REVIEW
Mery Munoz-Persy, Alfredo J Lucendo
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a unique form of non-IgE-mediated food allergy characterized by esophageal eosinophilic infiltration that commonly causes dysphagia and food impaction in children and adolescents. Assessing the efficacy of dietary restrictions or drug therapies to achieve clinical and histologic resolution of EoE through randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses has resulted in new evidence-based guidelines. Avoiding food triggers is the only therapy targeting the cause of the disease...
March 17, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518603/do-dietary-patterns-determine-levels-of-vitamin-b-6-folate-and-vitamin-b-12-intake-and-corresponding-biomarkers-in-european-adolescents-the-healthy-lifestyle-in-europe-by-nutrition-in-adolescence-helena-study
#14
Iris Iglesia, Inge Huybrechts, Theodora Mouratidou, Javier Santabárbara, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Alba M Santaliestra-Pasías, Yannis Manios, Alejandro De la O Puerta, Anthony Kafatos, Frédéric Gottrand, Ascensión Marcos, Stefania Sette, Maria Plada, Peter Stehle, Dénes Molnár, Kurt Widhalm, Mathilde Kersting, Stefaan De Henauw, Luis A Moreno, Marcela González-Gross
OBJECTIVES: To determine dietary patterns (DPs) and explain the highest variance of vitamin B6 , folate, and B12 intake and related concentrations among European adolescents. METHODS: A total of 2173 adolescents who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study met the eligibility criteria for the vitamin B intake analysis (46% boys) and 586 adolescents for the biomarkers analysis (47% boys). Two non-consecutive, 24-h, dietary recalls were used to assess the mean intakes...
June 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513855/intake-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-milk-and-its-association-with-body-mass-index-in-adolescence-a-systematic-review
#15
Ana Carolina Corrêa Café, Carlos Alexandre de Oliveira Lopes, Rommel Larcher Rachid Novais, Wendell Costa Bila, Daniely Karoline da Silva, Márcia Christina Caetano Romano, Joel Alves Lamounier
OBJECTIVE: To systematize literature references addressing the association of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) and milk intake with body mass index (BMI) in adolescents. DATA SOURCE: A search was carried out in PubMed (US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health) and BVS (Virtual Library in Health). The descriptors used were: adolescents, young adult, beverages, drinking, obesity, overweight, BMI, and nutritional status. The following filters were applied: age ranging from 10 to 19 years, studies published in Portuguese or English language between 2011-2015...
January 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500988/perfluoroalkyl-substances-in-adolescents-in-northern-norway-lifestyle-and-dietary-predictors-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures-1
#16
Maria Averina, Jan Brox, Sandra Huber, Anne-Sofie Furberg
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are environmentally persistent chemicals widely used in many consumer products due to water and oil proofing and fire-resistant properties. Several PFASs are recognized as environmental pollutants. This study investigated serum concentrations of 18 different PFASs and their associations with diet and lifestyle variables in 940 adolescents (age 15-19 years) who participated in the Fit Futures 1 study in the Troms arctic district of Norway. Serum concentrations of PFASs were analyzed by ultrahigh pressure liquid chromatography coupled to a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer (UHPLC-MS/MS)...
May 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493480/adolescent-perspectives-of-the-recreational-ice-hockey-food-environment-and-influences-on-eating-behaviour-revealed-through-photovoice
#17
M Susan Caswell, Rhona M Hanning
OBJECTIVE: Unhealthy dietary behaviours are prevalent among adolescents. This might relate, in part, to obesogenic environments, including recreation food facilities. The REFRESH Study (Recreation Environment and Food Research: Experiences from Hockey) aimed to explore, from the perspectives of adolescent ice hockey players and parents, broad social and physical environmental influences on adolescent food behaviours associated with hockey participation. DESIGN: Players used photovoice to describe their food experiences in relation to ice hockey...
May 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490662/vegetarian-style-dietary-pattern-during-adolescence-has-long-term-positive-impact-on-bone-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Elham Z Movassagh, Adam D G Baxter-Jones, Saija Kontulainen, Susan Whiting, Michael Szafron, Hassan Vatanparast
BACKGROUND: The amount of bone accrued during adolescence is an important determinant of later osteoporosis risk. Little is known about the influence of dietary patterns (DPs) on the bone during adolescence and their potential long-term implications into adulthood. We examined the role of adolescent DPs on adolescent and young adult bone and change in DPs from adolescence to young adulthood. METHODS: We recruited participants from the Saskatchewan Pediatric Bone Mineral Accrual Study (1991-2011)...
February 28, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479261/overweight-and-obesity-are-associated-with-lower-vitamin-d-status-in-canadian-children-and-adolescents
#19
Linda S Greene-Finestone, Didier Garriguet, Stephen Brooks, Kellie Langlois, Susan J Whiting
Introduction: There is evidence that 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels are lower in overweight and obese youth. This study examined the relationship between weight status and 25-hydroxyvitamin D, while controlling for confounders, in Canadian youth. Methods: Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D from subjects aged 6 to 17 years from the Canadian Health Measures Survey cycles 1 (2007 to 2009) and 2 (2009 to 2011) was used. Sex-specific multiple linear regression and logistic regressions examined the relationship of overweight and obesity (body mass index ≥ 85th percentile) with 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and the odds of 25-hydroxyvitamin D <40 nmol/L and <50 nmol/L...
November 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432963/efficacy-of-different-modes-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-strategies-in-saudi-adolescents
#20
Nasser M Al-Daghri, Mohammed Ghouse Ahmed Ansari, Shaun Sabico, Yousef Al-Saleh, Naji J Aljohani, Hanan Alfawaz, Mohammed Alharbi, Abdulaziz M Al-Othman, Majed S Alokail, Sunil J Wimalawansa
Vitamin D deficiency is rampant in the Middle East, even in children and adolescents. This study was designed to investigate the effects of different vitamin D repletion strategies commonly used on serum vitamin D levels of Saudi adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: A 6-month multi-center, controlled, clinical study, involving 34 schools in the central region of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Different strategies of vitamin D supplementation were tested (200 ml fortified milk of different brands or vitamin D tablet (1,000IU)...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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