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Milk and adolescent

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099133/association-between-screen-time-and-snack-consumption-in-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-iv-study
#1
Roya Kelishadi, Nafiseh Mozafarian, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Saeid Safiri, Gelayol Ardalan, Hamid Asayesh, Fatemeh Rezaei, Ramin Heshmat
BACKGROUND: The relationship between screen time (ST) and the frequency of snack consumption in a national sample of Iranian children and adolescents was assessed. The present nationwide survey was conducted on 14,880 school students living in urban and rural areas of 30 provinces in Iran. Trained healthcare providers conducted the physical examination and completed the questionnaire of the World Health Organization - Global School-Based Student Health Survey (WHO-GSHS). METHODS: The association between ST (total time spent watching TV and using a computer in leisure time) and the frequency of snack consumption was determined using ordinal logistic regression analysis...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073617/district-policies-and-practices-vary-in-their-association-with-adolescents-consumption-of-milk-and-100-fruit-juice
#2
Sarah A Sliwa, Gabrielle F Miller, Nancy D Brener, Sohyun Park, Caitlin L Merlo
PURPOSE: Researchers previously examined the relationship between school beverage policies and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption. This study addressed a research gap by examining cross-sectional associations between district-level policies and practices and U.S. high school students' consumption of milk and 100% fruit juice. METHODS: Data from the 2012 School Health Policies and Practices Study and 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System were linked for 12 large urban school districts...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060687/adult-acne-prevalence-and-portrayal-in-primary-healthcare-patients-in-the-greater-porto-area-portugal
#3
Diogo Semedo, Filipa Ladeiro, Mariana Ruivo, Carlos D'Oliveira, Filipa De Sousa, Mariana Gayo, Clara Lima, Frederico Magalhães, Rui Brandão, Maria Branco, Isabel Da Silva, Joana Batista, João Amado, António Massa, João Neves-Amado
INTRODUCTION: Though typically found in adolescents, acne frequently affects the adult population. In Portugal, no representative studies about acne prevalence in greater populational areas are known. This study had the following objectives: calculate acne prevalence in primary healthcare patients; its characteristics, including risk factors for onset and worsening; collect information concerning selfmedication and/or prescribed treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Application of a questionnaire and physical examination into a convenience sample, composed by adults from20 - 60 years old that visited, in random days, five primary healthcare centers of the Greater Porto area...
September 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042003/the-prevalence-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-pediatric-patients-with-ige-mediated-food-allergy
#4
David A Hill, Jesse W Dudley, Jonathan M Spergel
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an allergic inflammatory disease that is triggered by food allergens and characterized by progressive esophageal dysfunction. Recently, EoE has been identified in patients who underwent oral immunotherapy (OIT) for IgE-mediated food allergy, suggesting an association. OBJECTIVE: We sought to ascertain whether significant associations exist between IgE-mediated food allergies and EoE. METHODS: Using the analysis of electronic medical record data and manual chart review, we examined our subspecialty care network of 35,528 children and adolescents to identify and characterize patients with IgE-mediated and EoE food allergy...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035217/the-possible-role-of-diet-in-the-pathogenesis-of-adult-female-acne
#5
REVIEW
Krystyna Romańska-Gocka, Magdalena Woźniak, Elżbieta Kaczmarek-Skamira, Barbara Zegarska
Acne in adults is a chronic, increasingly common disease, especially among women. It differs in pathogenesis and clinical presentation from adolescent acne. Acne in adults is associated with Western diet, defined as high consumption of milk, high glycemic load and high calorie intake. Metabolic signals of this diet result in a significant increase in insulin/insulin growth factor 1 serum level and consequently in the molecular interplay of mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 kinase (mTORC1)/forkhead box protein 1 (FoxO1) mediated nutrient signaling, leading to increased proliferation of keratinocytes, increased lipogenesis and sebum production and finally to aggravation of acne...
December 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033240/risk-factors-associated-with-bordetella-pertussis-among-infants-aged-%C3%A2-4-months-in-the-pre-tdap-era-united-states-2002-2005
#6
C Robinette Curtis, Andrew L Baughman, Chas DeBolt, Susan Goodykoontz, Cynthia Kenyon, Barbara Watson, Pamela K Cassiday, Claudia Miller, Lucia C Pawloski, Maria-Lucia C Tondella, Kristine M Bisgard
BACKGROUND: In the United States, infants have the highest reported pertussis incidence and death rates. Improved understanding of infant risk factors is needed to optimize prevention strategies. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled infants ≤4 months of age with incident-confirmed pertussis from 4 sites during 2002-2005 (preceding pertussis-antigen-containing vaccination recommendations for adolescents/adults); each case-patient was age- and site-matched with 2 control subjects...
December 28, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027401/breast-milk-poly-unsaturated-fatty-acids-associations-with-adolescent-allergic-disease-and-lung-function
#7
Nilakshi T Waidyatillake, Rachel Stoney, Francis Thien, Caroline J Lodge, Julie A Simpson, Katrina J Allen, Michael J Abramson, Bircan Erbas, Cecile Svanes, Shyamali C Dharmage, Adrian J Lowe
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesised that n-3 PUFA in breast-milk may assist immune and lung development. There are very limited data on possible long-term effects on allergic disease and lung function. The aim was to investigate associations of n-3 and n-6 PUFA levels in colostrum and breast milk with allergic disease and lung function at ages 12 and 18 years. METHOD: PUFAs were measured in 194 colostrum samples and in 118 three month expressed breast milk samples from mothers of children enrolled in the Melbourne Atopy Cohort (MACS) Study, a high risk birth cohort study...
December 27, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001207/diet-quality-among-adolescents-has-deteriorated-a-panel-study-in-niter%C3%A3-i-rio-de-janeiro-state-brazil-2003-2008
#8
Luana Silva Monteiro, Paulo Rogerio Melo Rodrigues, Gloria Valeria da Veiga, Dirce Maria Lobo Marchioni, Rosangela Alves Pereira
This study aimed to analyze changes in the diet quality of adolescents from public schools in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, over a five-year period. Data on the food consumption of adolescents (12-19 years) were obtained by means of two sets of 3-day food records in two school-based, cross-sectional studies conducted in 2003 and 2008. The Brazilian Revised Healthy Eating Index (BHEI-R) was used to estimate dietary quality. From 2003 to 2008 there was an overall decrease in the scores attributed to "total vegetables", "dark green and orange vegetables", and "meat, eggs, and legumes", but there was an increase in the score for "milk and dairy" (4...
December 22, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001012/iodine-deficiency-and-nutrition-in-scandinavia
#9
Sofia Manousou, Lisbeth Dahl, Betina H Thuesen, Lena Hulthén, Helena N Filipsson
Iodine nutrition is a result of geological conditions, iodine fortification and monitoring strategies within a country together with the dietary habits of the population. This review summarizes the basis for the current iodine situation in the Scandinavian countries in order to identify gaps in knowledge, determine necessary future steps, highlight landmarks in Scandinavian iodine research and consider ongoing studies in Scandinavian countries with high international impact. Historically, iodine deficiency disorders such as goiter were common in Norway and Sweden, but not in Denmark...
December 20, 2016: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925392/environmental-and-maternal-factors-associated-with-gross-placental-morphology-in-dairy-cattle
#10
M M Kamal, M Van Eetvelde, L Vandaele, G Opsomer
This article reports on a study of gross placental morphology of 282 expelled placentas from 89 primi- and 193 multiparous Holstein dams immediately after calving and examines associations with environmental factors such as typical herd features and season of calving, and maternal factors such as age at calving, level of milk yield at conception and cumulative amount of milk produced during gestation. The highest correlation between calf measurements and placental characteristics was found between the weight of the calf and the total cotyledonary surface (r = ...
December 7, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869408/knowledge-level-attitude-and-own-experience-of-health-professionals-about-breastfeeding-and-breast-milk-in-a-city-of-turkey-cross-sectional-study
#11
Aylin Baydar Artantas, Burcu Kayhan Tetis, Melek Kılıc, İrep Karatas Eray, Nazan Cetin, Sinem Güney, Dogan Akdogan, Umut Domad, Yusuf Ustu, Mehmet Ugurlu
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide consensus about breastfeeding is that the infant should exclusively be breastfed until six months of life. Despite this, the rate of exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of age is low in so many countries including Turkey. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, the attitudes and the own experiences of health professionals about breastfeeding and breast milk, in a metropolitan city in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed between July 2012 and December 2013...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868152/effect-of-buffalo-casein-derived-novel-bioactive-peptides-on-osteoblast-differentiation
#12
Srinu Reddi, Venkatesa Perumal Shanmugam, Kemgang Sonfack Tanedjeu, Suman Kapila, Rajeev Kapila
PURPOSE: Epidemiological and intervention studies show that milk consumption in childhood and during adolescence is related to higher bone mineral density. Milk and milk products prevent the bone loss in pre- and postmenopausal women. Apart from calcium, there are other biologically active compounds in milk such as bioactive peptides which may play a role in promoting bone health. Casein is the major protein in milk which has also been reported to have numerous biological active peptides within it...
November 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859574/reintroduction-failure-is-common-among-adolescents-after-double-blind-placebo-controlled-food-challenges
#13
Å Strinnholm, A Winberg, L Hedman, E Rönmark, V Lindh
AIM: There has been a lack of research on adolescents who undergo double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges. The aim of this study was to investigate food allergic adolescents' experiences and consequences of double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges. METHODS: This qualitative, descriptive interview study included 17 adolescents aged 14-15 years with total elimination of cows' milk, hens' eggs or cod due to food allergies. The participants, who were initially identified from a large population-based cohort study, were interviewed 18 months after completing their challenges...
November 12, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846923/socio-economic-disparities-in-the-diet-of-french-children-and-adolescents-a-multidimensional-issue
#14
Peggy Drouillet-Pinard, Carine Dubuisson, Isabelle Bordes, Irène Margaritis, Sandrine Lioret, Jean-Luc Volatier
OBJECTIVE: The present research aimed to study the multidimensionality of the link between dietary intake and socio-economic position (SEP) in a representative sample of French children and adolescents, using a variety of SEP indicators. DESIGN: Data from the second French national food consumption survey (INCA2) were used. Information on food consumption was collected using a 7d food record and SEP data (occupation, education, income, household wealth indices) using questionnaires...
November 16, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836164/-anaphylaxis-in-children-what-pediatricians-should-know
#15
G Pouessel, A Deschildre
Anaphylaxis is a severe potentially life-threatening allergic emergency that has been increasing over the last two decades, especially in young children. Anaphylaxis deaths remain rare, in particular in children, and their frequency is stable during this period. Food is the main anaphylaxis trigger in children, notably to cow's milk, peanuts, and tree nuts. In infants, the recognition of anaphylaxis may be difficult. Vomiting, urticaria, and laryngeal edema are more frequent at this age. Cardiovascular involvement is rare, most often encountered in adolescence...
December 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830423/trans-fatty-acids-in-colostrum-mature-milk-and-diet-of-lactating-adolescents
#16
Roseli de Souza Santos da Costa, Flavia da Silva Santos, Daniela de Barros Mucci, Tânia Vignuda de Souza, Fátima Lucia de Carvalho Sardinha, Célia Regina Moutinho de Miranda Chaves, Maria das Graças Tavares do Carmo
The purpose of this study was to investigate the trans fatty acids (TFA) content and distribution in colostrum, mature milk, and diet of adolescent mothers, after TFA declaration in food labels became mandatory in Brazil. Participants were healthy adolescents (n 54, 15-19 years, 1-90 days postpartum) practicing exclusive breastfeeding. Milk samples were collected 3 days after delivery (colostrum) and in the third month postpartum (mature milk) by hand expression. The fatty acid composition of the milk samples was determined by gas chromatography...
November 9, 2016: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829485/the-impact-of-doubling-dairy-or-plant-based-foods-on-consumption-of-nutrients-of-concern-and-proper-bone-health-for-adolescent-females
#17
Elieke Demmer, Christopher J Cifelli, Jenny A Houchins, Victor L Fulgoni
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of increasing plant-based foods v. dairy foods on energy and nutrients of concern in adolescent females via diet modelling exercises. DESIGN: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to compare nutrient intakes from usual diet with those from three dietary scenarios that increased current intakes by 100 % of the following: (i) plant-based foods; (ii) protein-rich plant-based foods; and (iii) milk, cheese and yoghurt...
November 10, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818138/sodium-intake-among-us-school-aged-children-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2012
#18
Zerleen S Quader, Cathleen Gillespie, Sarah A Sliwa, Jaspreet K C Ahuja, Jinee P Burdg, Alanna Moshfegh, Pamela R Pehrsson, Janelle P Gunn, Kristy Mugavero, Mary E Cogswell
BACKGROUND: Identifying current major dietary sources of sodium can enhance strategies to reduce excess sodium intake, which occurs among 90% of US school-aged children. OBJECTIVE: To describe major food sources, places obtained, and eating occasions contributing to sodium intake among US school-aged children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: A nationally representative sample of 2,142 US children aged 6 to 18 years who completed a 24-hour dietary recall...
January 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792184/water-and-beverage-consumption-analysis-of-the-australian-2011-2012-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#19
Zhixian Sui, Miaobing Zheng, Man Zhang, Anna Rangan
BACKGROUND: Water consumption as a vital component of the human diet is under-researched in dietary surveys and nutrition studies. AIM: To assess total water and fluid intakes and examine demographic, anthropometric, and dietary factors associated with water consumption in the Australian population. METHODS: Dietary intake data from the 2011 to 2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used. Usual water, fluid and food and nutrient intakes were estimated from two days of dietary recalls...
October 26, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733903/impaired-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-allergy-to-staple-foods
#20
Jennifer Lisa Penner Protudjer, Sven-Arne Jansson, Roelinde Middelveld, Eva Östblom, Sven-Erik Dahlén, Marianne Heibert Arnlind, Ulf Bengtsson, Ingrid Kallström-Bengtsson, Birgitta Marklund, Georgios Rentzos, Ann-Charlotte Sundqvist, Johanna Åkerström, Staffan Ahlstedt
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk, hen's egg and wheat are staple foods in a typical western diet. Despite the ubiquity of these foods, the impact of staple food allergy on health-related quality of life (HRQL) amongst adolescents is incompletely understood. The aims of this study were to make use of the Swedish version of EuroPrevall's disease-specific food allergy quality of life questionnaire-teenager form (FAQLQ-TF) and to investigate the association between objectively-diagnosed staple food allergy and HRQL amongst adolescents...
2016: Clinical and Translational Allergy
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