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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928302/dietary-patterns-with-special-reference-to-calcium-intake-in-2-16-year-old-urban-western-indian-children
#1
Veena H Ekbote, Anuradha V Khadilkar, Vaman V Khadilkar, Shashi A Chiplonkar, Zulf Mughal
BACKGROUND: It is important to establish good dietary practices in childhood that promote adequate calcium intake throughout life and reduce the risk of osteoporotic fractures in later life. OBJECTIVES: To assess dietary patterns of 2-16-year-old children with special reference to calcium and suggest strategies and develop recipes suitable to identified patterns to increase dietary calcium intake. METHODS: We studied 220 schoolchildren (2-16 years) around Pune city, India...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922262/sugar-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-a-position-paper-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee-on-nutrition
#2
Nataša Fidler Mis, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas D Embleton, Iva Hojsak, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Walter Mihatsch, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
The consumption of sugars, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; beverages or drinks that contain added caloric sweeteners (i.e. sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit-juice concentrates), in European children and adolescents exceeds current recommendations. This is of concern because there is no nutritional requirement for free sugars, and infants have an innate preference for sweet taste, which may be modified and reinforced by pre- and postnatal exposures. Sugar containing beverages/free sugars increase the risk for overweight/obesity and dental caries, can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#3
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913823/dietary-patterns-as-a-red-flag-for-higher-risk-of-eating-disorders-among-female-teenagers-with-and-without-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-adolescents-with-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-are-a-risk-factor-for-eating-disorders-a-case-control-study
#4
Ruth Bartelli Grigolon, Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Mireille Coelho Almeida, Denise Claudino Achôa, Angélica Medeiros Claudino
BACKGROUND: Female adolescents with type I diabetes mellitus (TIDM) have an increased risk of developing eating disorders (ED) due to the dietary recommendations. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the association between dietary intake and increased risk of ED. METHODS: Case-control study with 50 T1DM female adolescents (11-16 years) and 100 healthy peers (CG). Measures included food frequency questionnaire (FFQ-PP), Child-EDE.12, economic and anthropometric data...
September 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899530/associations-between-sleep-duration-and-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviors-in-chinese-adolescents-results-from-the-youth-behavioral-risk-factor-surveys-of-2015
#5
Qing Hai Gong, Hui Li, Xiao Hong Zhang, Tao Zhang, Jun Cui, Guo Zhang Xu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between sleep duration and physical activity and dietary behaviors among adolescents in a representative sample. METHODS: The analysis was performed using data from the 2015 Ningbo Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Associations between physical activity and dietary behaviors and sleep duration were examined on weighted data using logistic regression. RESULTS: Of the 10726 students, roughly 40% reported sleep duration <8 h...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851473/quality-of-food-choices-of-brazilian-adolescents-according-to-individual-earnings
#6
Marina Campos Araujo, Diana Barbosa Cunha, Ilana Nogueira Bezerra, Maria Beatriz Trindade de Castro, Rosely Sichieri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of food choices according to adolescent individual earnings in Brazil. DESIGN: Adolescents were classified according to their individual earnings as having or not having spending power for their own expenses. Food records from two non-consecutive days of the Brazilian National Dietary Survey (NDS 2008-2009) were used to estimate food intake. Quality of food choices was based on two approaches: (i) the NOVA classification, which classifies processed and ultra-processed foods and drinks as unhealthy food groups; and (ii) traditional classification, with beans, milk, fruits and vegetables as healthy food groups, and soft drinks, sweets, snacks and crackers classified as unhealthy...
August 30, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841522/human-biomonitoring-data-analysis-for-metals-in-an-italian-adolescents-cohort-an-exposome-approach
#7
Anna Pino, Flavia Chiarotti, Gemma Calamandrei, Alberto Gotti, Spyros Karakitsios, Evangelos Handakas, Beatrice Bocca, Dimosthenis Sarigiannis, Alessandro Alimonti
The first Italian human biomonitoring survey (PROBE - PROgramme for Biomonitoring general population Exposure) considered a reference population of adolescents, aged 13-15 years, living in urban and rural areas and investigated their exposure to metals. The study was expanded up to 453 adolescents living in the same areas of Latium Region (Italy) and blood samples were analyzed for 19 metals (As, Be, Cd, Co, Cr, Hg, Ir, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Pd, Pt, Rh, Sb, Sn, Tl, V, and W) by sector field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
August 22, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828044/nutritional-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-north-west-households-in-iran-is-knowledge-likely-to-become-practice
#8
Sakineh Nouri Saeidlou, Fariba Babaei, Parvin Ayremlou
BACKGROUND: Nutritional factors have an important role in the incidence of non-communicable diseases and they are strong predictors of cardiovascular risk among adolescents. This study was conducted to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of urban and rural households towards the principles of nutrition in West Azerbaijan Province. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross sectional population based study was conducted among 455 urban and rural households. The sampling method at households' level in each area was the single stage cluster sampling...
December 2016: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803230/revised-reference-values-for-potassium-intake
#9
Daniela Strohm, Sabine Ellinger, Eva Leschik-Bonnet, Friederike Maretzke, Helmut Heseker
BACKGROUND: The nutrition societies of Germany, Austria and Switzerland have revised the reference values for potassium intake in January 2017. METHODS: For adults, the estimated value was based on the 24-h urinary potassium excretion and on preventive considerations regarding hypertension and stroke. The estimated values for children and adolescents were extrapolated from the adult estimated value considering differences in body mass. For infants aged 0 to under 4 months, the estimated value was set based on the potassium intake via breast milk...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801145/body-image-dissatisfaction-and-dietary-patterns-according-to-nutritional-status-in-adolescents
#10
Rita de Cássia Ribeiro-Silva, Rosemeire Leovigildo Fiaccone, Maria Ester Pereira da Conceição-Machado, Ana Santos Ruiz, Maurício Lima Barreto, Mônica Leila Portela Santana
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of data on the association between body self-perception and eating patterns in Brazil. Thus, this study aimed to explore the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and eating patterns by the anthropometric status in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1496 adolescents was conducted. The participants completed the Body Shape Questionnaire. Demographic, anthropometric, and socioeconomic data were collected, as well as information regarding the pubertal development and dietary intake...
August 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799014/breakfast-habits-dairy-product-consumption-physical-activity-and-their-associations-with-body-mass-index-in-children-aged-6-18
#11
Tugba Koca, Mustafa Akcam, Filiz Serdaroglu, Selim Dereci
The purpose of this study was to determine breakfast habits, dairy product consumption, and physical activity and their relations with body mass index (BMI) in schoolchildren and adolescents. This cross-sectional, school-based study was performed with children aged 6-18 years. Height and weight were measured, and a BMI z-score was calculated for each child. Breakfast consumption frequency, intake of milk and other dairy products, physical activity habits, and mothers' employment status were assessed via a self-report questionnaire...
August 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766380/milk-vending-does-not-improve-college-students-milk-and-calcium-intakes
#12
Angela M Rose, Rachel A Williams, Andrew S Hanks, Julie A Kennel, Carolyn Gunther
In the transition from adolescence to young adulthood, overall diet quality decreases, including a reduction in both dairy and calcium consumption. The objective of this pilot study was to determine the impact of milk vending on milk and calcium intakes in college students. Participants were 124 college students living in dorms at a large public university (Fall 2012). Milk vending machines were installed in two campus dorms. Before and 2 months after installation, students were surveyed about milk and calcium intakes, as well as attitudes regarding milk vending...
August 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755197/dietary-considerations-in-tyrosinemia-type-i
#13
Francjan J van Spronsen, Margreet van Rijn, Uta Meyer, Anibh M Das
Since the introduction of 2-(2 nitro-4-3 trifluoro-methylbenzoyl)-1, 3-cyclohexanedione (NTBC), life expectancy of HT1 patients greatly improved. However, due to treatment with NTBC, tyrosine concentrations greatly increase. As a consequence to possible neurocognitive problems, the main objective of dietary therapy in HT1 is to provide adequate nutrition allowing normal growth and development while strictly controlling tyrosine levels in blood (and tissues). Although no well-defined target levels exist, tyrosine concentrations below 400 μmol/L are considered to be safe...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708901/sex-specific-enhancement-of-palatability-driven-feeding-in-adolescent-rats
#14
Andrew T Marshall, Angela T Liu, Niall P Murphy, Nigel T Maidment, Sean B Ostlund
It has been hypothesized that brain development during adolescence perturbs reward processing in a way that may ultimately contribute to the risky decision making associated with this stage of life, particularly in young males. To investigate potential reward dysfunction during adolescence, Experiment 1 examined palatable fluid intake in rats as a function of age and sex. During a series of twice-weekly test sessions, non-food-deprived rats were given the opportunity to voluntarily consume a highly palatable sweetened condensed milk (SCM) solution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677356/age-based-causes-and-clinical-characteristics-of-immediate-type-food-allergy-in-korean-children
#15
Kyunguk Jeong, Jihyun Kim, Kangmo Ahn, So Yeon Lee, Taek Ki Min, Bok Yang Pyun, Yoon Hee Kim, Kyung Won Kim, Myung Hyun Sohn, Kyu Earn Kim, Gwang Cheon Jang, Tae Won Song, Jung Hee Kim, You Hoon Jeon, Yong Ju Lee, Yong Mean Park, Hye Yung Yum, Hyun Hee Kim, Woo Kyung Kim, Sooyoung Lee
PURPOSE: Age-based causes and clinical characteristics of immediate-type food allergy (FA) have not been sufficiently studied. Therefore, we investigated age-dependent clinical profiles of FA in Korean children through an extensive multicenter investigation. METHODS: Using a case report form developed by the authors, a retrospective medical record review was performed of patients (0-18 years old) diagnosed with immediate-type FA between September 2014 and August 2015 in 14 tertiary hospitals in Korea...
September 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677354/prevalence-of-immediate-type-food-allergy-in-korean-schoolchildren-in-2015-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#16
Minji Kim, Ji Young Lee, Hyun Young Jeon, Hea Kyoung Yang, Kee Jae Lee, Youngshin Han, Yang Hee Kim, Jihyun Kim, Kangmo Ahn
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of immediate-type food allergy (FA) among schoolchildren in Korea. METHODS: A nationwide, cross-sectional study was performed in September 2015. A stratified random sample of 50,000 participants was selected from children and adolescents aged 6-7 years (n=17,500), 9-10 years (n=17,500), 12-13 years (n=7,500), and 15-16 years (n=7,500). Parents were asked to complete a questionnaire on the detailed history of immediate-type FA...
September 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673606/evaluation-of-the-relative-validity-and-test-retest-reliability-of-a-15-item-beverage%C3%A2-intake-questionnaire-in-children-and%C3%A2-adolescents
#17
Catelyn E Hill, Carly R MacDougall, Shaun K Riebl, Jyoti Savla, Valisa E Hedrick, Brenda M Davy
BACKGROUND: Added sugar intake, in the form of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), may contribute to weight gain and obesity development in children and adolescents. A valid and reliable brief beverage intake assessment tool for children and adolescents could facilitate research in this area. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the relative validity and test-retest reliability of a 15-item beverage intake questionnaire (BEVQ) for assessing usual beverage intake in children and adolescents...
June 30, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671327/dental-caries-clusters-among-adolescents
#18
John J Warren, John M Van Buren, Steven M Levy, Teresa A Marshall, Joseph E Cavanaugh, Alexandra M Curtis, Justine L Kolker, Karin Weber-Gasparoni
OBJECTIVES: There have been very few longitudinal studies of dental caries in adolescents, and little study of the caries risk factors in this age group. The purpose of this study was to describe different caries trajectories and associated risk factors among members of the Iowa Fluoride Study (IFS) cohort. METHODS: The IFS recruited a birth cohort from 1992 to 1995, and has gathered dietary, fluoride and behavioural data at least twice yearly since recruitment...
July 3, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632193/adolescents-knowledge-of-breastfeeding-and-their-intention-to-breastfeed-in-the-future
#19
Marija Čatipović, Tamara Voskresensky Baričić, Sunčana Rokvić, Josip Grgurić
The aim of this paper is to analyze third-year secondary school students' knowledge of breastfeeding and intention to breastfeed their children, based on the results of a questionnaire. The respondents were 154 students (101 female/43 male) of two secondary schools in Bjelovar. The students completed a questionnaire which consisted of 23 questions regarding knowledge and intention to breastfeed. The answers were analyzed statistically and different results were compared by nonparametric tests. About half of the respondents think that both partners should decide on breastfeeding and recognize the role that fathers have in initiating and maintaining breastfeeding...
June 20, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619255/infant-nutrition-and-maternal-obesity-influence-the-risk-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents
#20
Oyekoya T Ayonrinde, Wendy H Oddy, Leon A Adams, Trevor A Mori, Lawrence J Beilin, Nicholas de Klerk, John K Olynyk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The pathway to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents may have its origins in adiposity gains, nutrition and sedentary lifestyle established during childhood. There is inadequate knowledge regarding the associations between infant nutrition and subsequent NAFLD. We examined the association of maternal factors and infant nutrition, with the subsequent diagnosis of NAFLD in adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 17years in the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Cohort study had fatty liver assessment using liver ultrasound...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
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