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Milk and adolescent

Jennifer Lisa Penner Protudjer, Sven-Arne Jansson, Roelinde Middelveld, Eva Östblom, Sven-Erik Dahlén, Marianne Heibert Arnlind, Ulf Bengtsson, Ingrid Kallström-Bengtsson, Birgitta Marklund, Georgios Rentzos, Ann-Charlotte Sundqvist, Johanna Åkerström, Staffan Ahlstedt
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk, hen's egg and wheat are staple foods in a typical western diet. Despite the ubiquity of these foods, the impact of staple food allergy on health-related quality of life (HRQL) amongst adolescents is incompletely understood. The aims of this study were to make use of the Swedish version of EuroPrevall's disease-specific food allergy quality of life questionnaire-teenager form (FAQLQ-TF) and to investigate the association between objectively-diagnosed staple food allergy and HRQL amongst adolescents...
2016: Clinical and Translational Allergy
Jian Guo Wen, Xin Jian Liu, Zhi Min Wang, Tian Fang Li, Mark L Wahlqvist
The melamine contaminated milk powder contamination scandal occurred in China in 2008. Its main consequences so far have been urinary stone formation in children with associated renal damage and increased child mortality. Eight years have passed, but food safety issues still remain of concern in the daily lives of millions of Chinese. Vigilance is required to ensure no recurrence of such food safety problems. Ongoing studies focus on the early detection of food industry malpractice, mechanisms whereby these toxic substances induce disease and how its advent may be prevented and better managed...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
E Z Movassagh, S Kontulainen, A D G Baxter-Jones, S Whiting, M Szafron, M Papadimitropoulos, H Vatanparast
: We investigated the impact of food group intake during adolescence on bone structure and strength during adulthood. In females, we found a beneficial effect of adolescent milk and alternatives and fruit and vegetable intake on adult radius shaft and distal tibia bone structure, respectively. No association was observed in males. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether adolescents with high intake of milk and alternatives (M&A) or fruit and vegetables (F&V) had better adult bone structure and strength compared to those with low intake levels...
October 3, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Benjamin P Green, Emma J Stevenson, Penny L S Rumbold
Comprising of two experiments, this study assessed the metabolic, endocrine and appetite-related responses to acute and chronic milk consumption in adolescent males (15-18 y). Eleven adolescents [mean ± SD age: 16.5 ± 0.9 y; BMI: 23.3 ± 3.3 kg/m(2)] participated in the acute experiment and completed two laboratory visits (milk vs. fruit-juice) in a randomized crossover design, separated by 7-d. Seventeen adolescents [age: 16.1 ± 0.9 y; BMI: 21.8 ± 3.7 kg/m(2)] completed the chronic experiment...
September 26, 2016: Appetite
Steven R Boomhower, M Christopher Newland
The developing fetus is vulnerable to low-level exposure to methylmercury (MeHg), an environmental neurotoxicant, but the consequences of exposure during the adolescent period remain virtually unknown. The current experiments were designed to assess the effects of low-level MeHg exposure during adolescence on delay discounting, preference for small, immediate reinforcers over large, delayed ones, using a mouse model. Thirty-six male C57BL/6n mice were exposed to 0, 0.3, or 3.0ppm mercury (as MeHg) via drinking water from postnatal day 21 through 59, encompassing the murine adolescent period...
September 24, 2016: Neurotoxicology
Ágatha Nogueira Previdelli, Samantha Caesar de Andrade, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni
The use of dietary patterns to assess dietary intake has become increasingly common in nutritional epidemiology studies due to the complexity and multidimensionality of the diet. Currently, two main approaches have been widely used to assess dietary patterns: data-driven and hypothesis-driven analysis. Since the methods explore different angles of dietary intake, using both approaches simultaneously might yield complementary and useful information; thus, we aimed to use both approaches to gain knowledge of adolescents' dietary patterns...
2016: Nutrients
Sophie Millar, Megan O'Donoghue, Breige McNulty, Laura Kirwan, Aideen McKevitt
OBJECTIVE: No up-to-date data on the dietary intake of Irish adolescents are available. The aim of the present pilot study was to obtain and compare cross-sectional information on habitual adolescent beverage consumption between four distinct post-primary schools in the Republic of Ireland, in 2014-2015. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observation study. A beverage consumption questionnaire was used to obtain data on beverage intake and influences on consumption. SETTING: Four post-primary mixed-sex schools in Ireland representing the following school classifications were selected for the study: urban fee-paying, urban disadvantaged, rural fee-paying and rural disadvantaged...
September 26, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Sigrid Gibson, Lucy Francis, Katie Newens, Barbara Livingstone
This study explored associations between free sugars intake (using non-milk extrinsic sugars as proxy) and nutrient intakes among children aged 1·5-18 years in the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey 2008-2012. Dietary records were completed by 2073 children (95 % completed 4 d). Mean free sugars intakes (% energy) were 11·8, 14·7 and 15·4 % in the 1·5-3, 4-10 and 11-18 years age groups, respectively. Nutrient intakes and nutrient density were compared across quintiles (Q1-Q5) of free sugars intake (% energy) within each age group...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Zewditu Demissie, Danice K Eaton, Richard Lowry, Allison J Nihiser, Jennifer L Foltz
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and correlates of missing meals among adolescents. DESIGN: The 2010 National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Study, a cross-sectional study. SETTING: School based. PARTICIPANTS: A nationally representative sample of 11 429 high school students. MEASURES: Breakfast, lunch, and dinner consumption; demographics; measured and perceived weight status; physical activity and sedentary behaviors; and fruit, vegetable, milk, sugar-sweetened beverage, and fast-food intake...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Satish Tiwari, Ketan Bharadva, Balraj Yadav, Sushma Malik, Prashant Gangal, C R Banapurmath, Zeeba Zaka-Ur-Rab, Urmila Deshmukh, - Visheshkumar, R K Agrawal
JUSTIFICATION: Shaping up the post-2015 development agenda is of crucial importance in the development process around the Globe as 2015 was the last year of milllionium development goals. It is the right time to asses our own progress vis-a-vis the Millennium Development Goals and these Guidelines are an attempt in that regard. PROCESS: The Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) chapter of Indian Academy of Pediatrics invited a group of experts for National Consultative Meet for discussing and contributing on latest scientific advances and developments...
August 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
Jennifer E Cohen, Claire E Wakefield, Richard J Cohn
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors are at a higher risk of developing health conditions such as osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease than their peers. Health-promoting behaviour, such as consuming a healthy diet, could lessen the impact of these chronic issues, yet the prevalence rate of health-protecting behaviour amongst survivors of childhood cancer is similar to that of the general population. Targeted nutritional interventions may prevent or reduce the incidence of these chronic diseases...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Luana Silva Monteiro, Thaís Meirelles de Vasconcelos, Gloria Valéria da Veiga, Rosângela Alves Pereira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in beverage consumption among adolescents between 2003 and 2008. METHODS: Two school-based cross-sectional studies were carried out with public school students (12 to 19 years-old) from Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Data from three food records were used to estimate daily, weekdays and weekend average consumption (volume and percent contribution for total daily energy intake) of milk and milk-based beverages, sugar sweetened beverages, fresh squeezed fruit juices, caffeinated and alcoholic beverages...
April 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
Ranil Jayawardena, Priyanga Ranasinghe, Maheshi Wijayabandara, Andrew P Hills, Anoop Misra
Introduction Obesity among teenagers/adolescents and young adults is associated with significant adverse short and longer-term effects on health. To date, no narrative reviews have evaluated nutrition transition and its contribution to the obesity epidemic among adolescents and young adults in the South Asian (SA) region. Methods Data were retrieved by a four-stage systematic search process. A search of the online PubMed/Medline, SciVerse Scopus and Web of Science databases was performed. The age groups were defined as follows; teenage:13-19 years, adolescence:10-18 years and young adult:19-24 years...
August 8, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
Meng Wang, Jie-Ming Zhong, Hao Wang, Ming Zhao, Wei-Wei Gong, Jin Pan, Fang-Rong Fei, Hai-Bin Wu, Min Yu
Evidence indicates that breakfast consumption is associated with a cluster of health-related behaviors, yet studies in mainland China are scarce. This study is conducted to describe the frequency of breakfast consumption among Chinese adolescents and examine its associations with other dietary, physical activity, sedentary, sleep, cigarette-smoking, and alcohol-drinking behaviors. Breakfast consumption and other health-related behaviors data was collected via a self-administered questionnaire in a cross-sectional study in Zhejiang Province, China...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Elisabetta Aurino, Meena Fernandes, Mary E Penny
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in dietary diversity and dietary composition among adolescents in four developing countries. DESIGN: We analysed dietary diversity and consumption of seven food groups and foods with added sugars as reported by adolescents from two cohorts growing up 8 years apart, when they were aged about 12 years. SETTING: Ethiopia, India (Andhra Pradesh), Peru and Vietnam in 2006 and 2013. SUBJECTS: Adolescents (n 3659) from the older cohort (OC) born in 1995/96 and adolescents (n 7422) from the younger cohort (YC) born in 2001/02 (N 11 081)...
July 29, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Manijeh Nezami, Gina Segovia-Siapco, W Lawrence Beeson, Joan Sabaté
Childhood obesity is associated with a greater chance of a lifetime of obesity. Evidence suggests dairy at recommended levels could be beneficial in maintaining normal weight and body composition. We assessed whether dairy consumption is associated with anthropometric indicators of health (z-scores for weight-for-age (WAZ); height-for-age (HAZ) and body mass index (BMIZ); waist-to-height ratio (WHtR); fat-free mass (FFM); and fat mass (FM)) in adolescents. In a cross-sectional study, 536 males and females ages 12-18 completed a 151-item semi-quantitative web-based food frequency questionnaire that included 34 dairy-containing foods...
2016: Nutrients
Hilary J Powers, Mark Stephens, Jean Russell, Marilyn H Hill
BACKGROUND: Poor micronutrient status is reported among adolescents across Europe and USA. This may be related to the well-documented decline in the regular consumption of breakfast by this group. The regular consumption of a breakfast cereal offers a possible means to improve micronutrient status; fortified cereal is likely to have enhanced benefit. A study was conducted to determine the efficacy of the regular consumption of a fortified cereal with milk, compared with unfortified cereal, consumed either as a breakfast or a supper, in improving micronutrient intake and micronutrient status of adolescent girls...
2016: Nutrition Journal
Servet Kesim, Betül Çiçek, Cüneyt Asım Aral, Ahmet Öztürk, Mümtaz Mustafa Mazıcıoğlu, Selim Kurtoğlu
BACKGROUND: Studies evaluating the relationship between oral health status and obesity have provided conflicting data. Therefore, there is a great need to investigate and clarify the possible connection in a comprehensive sample. AIMS: To assess the relationship of obesity and oral health status among children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years-old. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data were obtained from 4,534 children and adolescents (2,018 boys and 2,516 girls)...
March 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Science Direct, EBSHost, Scientific Electronic Library online (SciELO).Study selectionPopulation-based cross-sectional and longitudinal studies assessing tooth erosion and diet, conducted in children and adolescents between eight and 19 years reporting on the permanent dentition were considered.Data extraction and synthesisStudies were selected independently by two reviewers and standard data items extracted. Study quality was assessed using the STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology) statement and Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale (NOS)...
June 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Bamini Gopinath, Victoria M Flood, George Burlutsky, Jimmy C Y Louie, Louise A Baur, Paul Mitchell
OBJECTIVES: There are few reported data on the relationship between dairy food consumption and health-related quality of life (QOL). In this cohort study, we aimed to assess the association between dairy food intake and QOL scores during adolescence. METHODS: Of the 1216 participants who were followed up over 5 years (i.e., from age 12 to 17), 858 participants had complete data on dietary intakes and information on QOL scores at the 5-year survey. Dairy consumption was assessed from validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaires...
June 17, 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
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