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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803230/revised-reference-values-for-potassium-intake
#1
Daniela Strohm, Sabine Ellinger, Eva Leschik-Bonnet, Friederike Maretzke, Helmut Heseker
BACKGROUND: The nutrition societies of Germany, Austria and Switzerland have revised the reference values for potassium intake in January 2017. METHODS: For adults, the estimated value was based on the 24-h urinary potassium excretion and on preventive considerations regarding hypertension and stroke. The estimated values for children and adolescents were extrapolated from the adult estimated value considering differences in body mass. For infants aged 0 to under 4 months, the estimated value was set based on the potassium intake via breast milk...
August 11, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801145/body-image-dissatisfaction-and-dietary-patterns-according-to-nutritional-status-in-adolescents
#2
Rita de Cássia Ribeiro-Silva, Rosemeire Leovigildo Fiaccone, Maria Ester Pereira da Conceição-Machado, Ana Santos Ruiz, Maurício Lima Barreto, Mônica Leila Portela Santana
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of data on the association between body self-perception and eating patterns in Brazil. Thus, this study aimed to explore the relationship between body image dissatisfaction (BID) and eating patterns by the anthropometric status in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1496 adolescents was conducted. The participants completed the Body Shape Questionnaire. Demographic, anthropometric, and socioeconomic data were collected, as well as information regarding the pubertal development and dietary intake...
August 8, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799014/breakfast-habits-dairy-product-consumption-physical-activity-and-their-associations-with-body-mass-index-in-children-aged-6-18
#3
Tugba Koca, Mustafa Akcam, Filiz Serdaroglu, Selim Dereci
The purpose of this study was to determine breakfast habits, dairy product consumption, and physical activity and their relations with body mass index (BMI) in schoolchildren and adolescents. This cross-sectional, school-based study was performed with children aged 6-18 years. Height and weight were measured, and a BMI z-score was calculated for each child. Breakfast consumption frequency, intake of milk and other dairy products, physical activity habits, and mothers' employment status were assessed via a self-report questionnaire...
August 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766380/milk-vending-does-not-improve-college-students-milk-and-calcium-intakes
#4
Angela M Rose, Rachel A Williams, Andrew S Hanks, Julie A Kennel, Carolyn Gunther
In the transition from adolescence to young adulthood, overall diet quality decreases, including a reduction in both dairy and calcium consumption. The objective of this pilot study was to determine the impact of milk vending on milk and calcium intakes in college students. Participants were 124 college students living in dorms at a large public university (Fall 2012). Milk vending machines were installed in two campus dorms. Before and 2 months after installation, students were surveyed about milk and calcium intakes, as well as attitudes regarding milk vending...
August 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755197/dietary-considerations-in-tyrosinemia-type-i
#5
Francjan J van Spronsen, Margreet van Rijn, Uta Meyer, Anibh M Das
Since the introduction of 2-(2 nitro-4-3 trifluoro-methylbenzoyl)-1, 3-cyclohexanedione (NTBC), life expectancy of HT1 patients greatly improved. However, due to treatment with NTBC, tyrosine concentrations greatly increase. As a consequence to possible neurocognitive problems, the main objective of dietary therapy in HT1 is to provide adequate nutrition allowing normal growth and development while strictly controlling tyrosine levels in blood (and tissues). Although no well-defined target levels exist, tyrosine concentrations below 400 μmol/L are considered to be safe...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708901/sex-specific-enhancement-of-palatability-driven-feeding-in-adolescent-rats
#6
Andrew T Marshall, Angela T Liu, Niall P Murphy, Nigel T Maidment, Sean B Ostlund
It has been hypothesized that brain development during adolescence perturbs reward processing in a way that may ultimately contribute to the risky decision making associated with this stage of life, particularly in young males. To investigate potential reward dysfunction during adolescence, Experiment 1 examined palatable fluid intake in rats as a function of age and sex. During a series of twice-weekly test sessions, non-food-deprived rats were given the opportunity to voluntarily consume a highly palatable sweetened condensed milk (SCM) solution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677356/age-based-causes-and-clinical-characteristics-of-immediate-type-food-allergy-in-korean-children
#7
Kyunguk Jeong, Jihyun Kim, Kangmo Ahn, So Yeon Lee, Taek Ki Min, Bok Yang Pyun, Yoon Hee Kim, Kyung Won Kim, Myung Hyun Sohn, Kyu Earn Kim, Gwang Cheon Jang, Tae Won Song, Jung Hee Kim, You Hoon Jeon, Yong Ju Lee, Yong Mean Park, Hye Yung Yum, Hyun Hee Kim, Woo Kyung Kim, Sooyoung Lee
PURPOSE: Age-based causes and clinical characteristics of immediate-type food allergy (FA) have not been sufficiently studied. Therefore, we investigated age-dependent clinical profiles of FA in Korean children through an extensive multicenter investigation. METHODS: Using a case report form developed by the authors, a retrospective medical record review was performed of patients (0-18 years old) diagnosed with immediate-type FA between September 2014 and August 2015 in 14 tertiary hospitals in Korea...
September 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677354/prevalence-of-immediate-type-food-allergy-in-korean-schoolchildren-in-2015-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#8
Minji Kim, Ji Young Lee, Hyun Young Jeon, Hea Kyoung Yang, Kee Jae Lee, Youngshin Han, Yang Hee Kim, Jihyun Kim, Kangmo Ahn
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of immediate-type food allergy (FA) among schoolchildren in Korea. METHODS: A nationwide, cross-sectional study was performed in September 2015. A stratified random sample of 50,000 participants was selected from children and adolescents aged 6-7 years (n=17,500), 9-10 years (n=17,500), 12-13 years (n=7,500), and 15-16 years (n=7,500). Parents were asked to complete a questionnaire on the detailed history of immediate-type FA...
September 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673606/evaluation-of-the-relative-validity-and-test-retest-reliability-of-a-15-item-beverage%C3%A2-intake-questionnaire-in-children-and%C3%A2-adolescents
#9
Catelyn E Hill, Carly R MacDougall, Shaun K Riebl, Jyoti Savla, Valisa E Hedrick, Brenda M Davy
BACKGROUND: Added sugar intake, in the form of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), may contribute to weight gain and obesity development in children and adolescents. A valid and reliable brief beverage intake assessment tool for children and adolescents could facilitate research in this area. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the relative validity and test-retest reliability of a 15-item beverage intake questionnaire (BEVQ) for assessing usual beverage intake in children and adolescents...
June 30, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671327/dental-caries-clusters-among-adolescents
#10
John J Warren, John M Van Buren, Steven M Levy, Teresa A Marshall, Joseph E Cavanaugh, Alexandra M Curtis, Justine L Kolker, Karin Weber-Gasparoni
OBJECTIVES: There have been very few longitudinal studies of dental caries in adolescents, and little study of the caries risk factors in this age group. The purpose of this study was to describe different caries trajectories and associated risk factors among members of the Iowa Fluoride Study (IFS) cohort. METHODS: The IFS recruited a birth cohort from 1992 to 1995, and has gathered dietary, fluoride and behavioural data at least twice yearly since recruitment...
July 3, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632193/adolescents-knowledge-of-breastfeeding-and-their-intention-to-breastfeed-in-the-future
#11
Marija Čatipović, Tamara Voskresensky Baričić, Sunčana Rokvić, Josip Grgurić
The aim of this paper is to analyze third-year secondary school students' knowledge of breastfeeding and intention to breastfeed their children, based on the results of a questionnaire. The respondents were 154 students (101 female/43 male) of two secondary schools in Bjelovar. The students completed a questionnaire which consisted of 23 questions regarding knowledge and intention to breastfeed. The answers were analyzed statistically and different results were compared by nonparametric tests. About half of the respondents think that both partners should decide on breastfeeding and recognize the role that fathers have in initiating and maintaining breastfeeding...
June 20, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619255/infant-nutrition-and-maternal-obesity-influence-the-risk-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents
#12
Oyekoya T Ayonrinde, Wendy H Oddy, Leon A Adams, Trevor A Mori, Lawrence J Beilin, Nicholas de Klerk, John K Olynyk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The pathway to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents may have its origins in adiposity gains, nutrition and sedentary lifestyle established during childhood. There is inadequate knowledge regarding the associations between infant nutrition and subsequent NAFLD. We examined the association of maternal factors and infant nutrition, with the subsequent diagnosis of NAFLD in adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 17years in the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Cohort study had fatty liver assessment using liver ultrasound...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613261/identifying-eating-occasion-based-opportunities-to-improve-the-overall-diets-of-australian-adolescents
#13
Flavia Fayet-Moore, Andrew McConnell, Jean Kim, Kevin C Mathias
Adolescents in Australia have a poor dietary intake, leading to large numbers of them being at risk for inadequate intake of micronutrients, and excessive intake of less healthful dietary components. This study examined dietary intakes at multiple eating occasions to identify opportunities for more targeted recommendations and strategies to improve dietary intakes among adolescents. Data from the first 24-h recall of 14-18 years old in the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were analysed (n = 772)...
June 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609760/epidemiology-of-acne-vulgaris-in-18-year-old-male-army-conscripts-in-a-south-brazilian-city
#14
Rodrigo Pereira Duquia, Iná da Silva Dos Santos, Hiram de Almeida, Paulo Ricardo Martins Souza, Juliano de Avelar Breunig, Christos C Zouboulis
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of acne varies worldwide. Several factors (age, skin color, body fat, diet, and smoking) have been investigated as risk factors. OBJECTIVE: A total of 2,201 18-year-old males living in Pelotas, South Brazil, were evaluated in order to examine the prevalence of acne and associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted. A dermatologist performed the clinical examination of the face and trunk for identification of acne lesions...
June 14, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596058/adolescents-unhealthy-eating-habits-are-associated-with-meal-skipping
#15
Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Ronir Raggio Luiz, Luana Silva Monteiro, Márcia Gonçalves Ferreira, Regina Maria Veras Gonçalves-Silva, Rosangela Alves Pereira
OBJECTIVE: Meal consumption and diet quality are important for healthy development during adolescence. The aim of this study was to determine the association between meal habits and diet quality in Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: A school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in 2008 with a probabilistic sample of adolescents ages 14 to 19 y (N = 1139) from high schools in central-western Brazil. Consumption of breakfast, morning snack, lunch, afternoon snack, and dinner was assessed to evaluate adolescents' meal profile...
April 5, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589419/breastfeeding-as-the-sole-source-of-milk-for-6%C3%A2-months-and-adolescent-bone-mineral-density
#16
E Blanco, R Burrows, M Reyes, B Lozoff, S Gahagan, C Albala
Little is known regarding the relationship between early life factors and bone mineral density (BMD). We found a positive association between breastfeeding for at least 6 months, without formula supplementation, and whole body adolescent BMD z-score. INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study is to assess the role of breastfeeding BF on adolescent bone mineral density (BMD) in a cohort prospectively followed since infancy. METHODS: We studied 679 participants from an infancy iron deficiency anemia preventive trial in Santiago, Chile, followed to adolescence...
June 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588429/the-associations-between-cigarette-smoking-and-health-related-behaviors-among-chinese-school-aged-adolescents
#17
Meng Wang, Hao Wang, Fang-Rong Fei, Chun-Xiao Xu, Xiao-Fu Du, Jie-Ming Zhong
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the interrelations between cigarette smoking and a cluster of lifestyle behaviors is scarce for the Chinese youth population. This study is conducted to identify the associations between cigarette smoking and multiple health-related behaviors in a Chinese sample of adolescents. METHODS: We used data from 2012 Zhejiang Youth Risk Behavior Survey, which is a school-based survey of 19,542 adolescents that assess risk behaviors using a self-reported questionnaire...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580124/sex-dependent-effects-of-maternal-corticosterone-and-ssri-treatment-on-hippocampal-neurogenesis-across-development
#18
Aarthi R Gobinath, Joanna L Workman, Carmen Chow, Stephanie E Lieblich, Liisa A M Galea
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression affects approximately 15% of mothers and represents a form of early life adversity for developing offspring. Postpartum depression can be treated with prescription antidepressants like fluoxetine (FLX). However, FLX can remain active in breast milk, raising concerns about the consequences of neonatal FLX exposure. The hippocampus is highly sensitive to developmental stress, and males and females respond differently to stress at many endpoints, including hippocampal plasticity...
2017: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561037/milk-cereal-and-whole-grain-dietary-patterns-protect-against-low-bone-mineral-density-among-male-adolescents-and-young-adults
#19
S Shin, S-H Kim, H Joung, M J Park
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Evidence supporting the possible effect of dietary factors on adult bone health has emerged in recent decades. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the influence of different dietary patterns on bone mineral density (BMD) among Korean male youth. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data were extracted from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) during 2008-2011. The subjects included 1351 male aged 10-25 years. We defined 'low BMD group' as subjects with a BMD Z-score of -2...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557525/human-milk-provision-experiences-goals-and-outcomes-for-teen-mothers-with-low-birth-weight-infants-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#20
Beverly Rossman, Paula P Meier, Judy E Janes, Christie Lawrence, Aloka L Patel
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding rates are virtually unknown for teen mothers whose low-birth-weight (LBW; <2500 gm) infants are hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The objective was to examine the infant feeding experiences, goals, and outcomes of teen mothers of LBW infants. METHODS: We conducted a multimethod study using a qualitative research design, survey, and infant medical records. The primary data source was individual interviews conducted with teen mothers of LBW infants hospitalized in a tertiary NICU...
July 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
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