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M Elizabeth Snow, Katherine Tweedie, Ann Pederson
BACKGROUND: Recently, patient engagement has been identified as a promising strategy for supporting healthcare planning. However, the context and structure of universalistic, "one-size-fits-all" approaches often used for patient engagement may not enable diverse patients to participate in decision-making about programs intended to meet their needs. Specifically, standard patient engagement approaches are gender-blind and might not facilitate the engagement of those marginalized by, for example, substance use, low income, experiences of violence, homelessness, and/or mental health challenges-highly gendered health and social experiences...
March 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Sothy Touch, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: There is little information concerning the preventive behaviors against cervical cancer among women in Cambodia, a country without organized cervical cancer screening programs and national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination policies. We aimed to examine the cervical cancer knowledge, attitudes, and practices as well as cervical cancer prevention methods among Cambodian women. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional survey on cervical cancer prevention was conducted...
March 15, 2018: BMC Cancer
Winnie Wing Yan Yuen, Albert Lee, Paul K S Chan, Lynn Tran, Erica Sayko
The present study is aimed at assessing the feasibility of delivering the HPV (human papillomavirus) vaccine to girls through a school-based program in Hong Kong, as well as to examine the facilitators and barriers associated with their participation. We approached 1,229 eligible girls aged 9 to 14 at eight schools in Hong Kong to join the program and then delivered the bivalent HPV vaccine at 0 and 6 months over the course of one school year. The students and their parents completed separate questionnaires to indicate their decision on whether or not to participate, and to assess their knowledge of cervical cancer and the HPV vaccine...
2018: PloS One
Juliet Imeson, Robyn Lowe, Mark Onslow, Natalie Munro, Rob Heard, Sue O'Brian, Simone Arnott
This study was driven by the need to understand the mechanisms underlying Lidcombe Program treatment efficacy. The aim of the present study was to extend existing data exploring whether stuttering reductions observed when children successfully treated with the Lidcombe Program are associated with restricted language development. Audio recordings of 10-min parent-child conversations at home were transcribed verbatim for 11 pre-school-age children with various stuttering severities. Language samples from three assessments-pre-treatment, 9 and 18 months after beginning treatment-were analysed using SALT software for lexical diversity, utterance length and sentence complexity...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Amy Y Carney
Public Health Nurses are the largest group of public health practitioners in both local and state health departments across the United States. Essential for the delivery of health services in the community, Public Health Nurses frequently provide care for underserved and vulnerable populations. Among these populations are the victims of campus sexual assault, a growing problem on college and university campuses. Both nationally and internationally, sexual assault has been described as a public health and human rights concern...
March 15, 2018: Public Health Nursing
G Ström, S Boqvist, A Albihn, L-L Fernström, A Andersson Djurfeldt, S Sokerya, T Sothyra, U Magnusson
Background: Administration of antimicrobials to food-producing animals is regarded as a major contributor to the overall emergence of resistance in bacteria worldwide. However, few data are available on global antimicrobial use and resistance (AMR) in livestock, especially from low- and middle-income countries. Methods: We conducted a structured survey of 91 small-scale pig farms in the urban and peri-urban areas of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, to assess the farmers' knowledge, attitudes and practices related to antimicrobial use in their pig production...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Debora de Souza Santos, Silvana Martins Mishima, Emerson Elias Merhy
This is a study with a qualitative approach that aims to analyze the subjective dimension of the Family Health teams' practices conducted in order to reconfigure the care model, using the work process in health as the fundamental analytical category from the Marxist standpoint. The data gathering tool used was the focus group, applied in 13 Family Health teams in Maceió, Alagoas. Thematic analysis combined with principles of hermeneutics and dialectics was used for treatment and interpretation of the data...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Mery Natali Silva Abreu, Angela Deise Soares, Diemack Alle Oliveira Ramos, Fernanda Vieira Soares, Gerson Nunes Filho, Analina Furtado Valadão, Patrícia Gonçalves da Motta
Several studies have identified misconceptions about human papillomavirus (HPV), which can lead to negligent behavior and risk to the health of the population. This article aims to assess the knowledge of men and women about HPV in the city of Ipatinga, Minas Gerais, and evaluate socioeconomic factors and preventive measures associated with such knowledge. It involved a cross-sectional study with 591 subjects living in the city, by means of stratified sampling by quotas proportional to the number of individuals by sex and age in each of the eight administrative regions of the city...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Maram A Alwadi, Sarah R Baker, Janine Owens
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to describe the extent to which oral health research since the advent of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the current movement on the inclusion of voices of children, has been done on or with children with disabilities. METHODS: A systematic review of the dental literature for children with disabilities from 2001 to 2017 was conducted...
March 14, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Ying Liu, Hao Fan, Jingting Li, Jeffery A Jones, Peng Liu, Baofeng Zhang, Hanjun Liu
When people hear unexpected perturbations in auditory feedback, they produce rapid compensatory adjustments of their vocal behavior. Recent evidence has shown enhanced vocal compensations and cortical event-related potentials (ERPs) in response to attended pitch feedback perturbations, suggesting that this reflex-like behavior is influenced by selective attention. Less is known, however, about auditory-motor integration for voice control during divided attention. The present cross-modal study investigated the behavioral and ERP correlates of auditory feedback control of vocal pitch production during divided attention...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
S P Rout, L Payne, S Walker, T Scott, P Heard, H Eccles, G Bond, P Shah, P Bills, B R Jackson, S A Boxall, A P Laws, C Charles, S J Williams, P N Humphreys
14 C is an important consideration within safety assessments for proposed geological disposal facilities for radioactive wastes, since it is capable of re-entering the biosphere through the generation of14 C bearing gases. The irradiation of graphite moderators in the UK gas-cooled nuclear power stations has led to the generation of a significant volume of14 C-containing intermediate level wastes. Some of this14 C is present as a carbonaceous deposit on channel wall surfaces. Within this study, the potential of biofilm growth upon irradiated and13 C doped graphite at alkaline pH was investigated...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
William Darrow, Chintan Bhatt, Cassandra Rene, Lakisha Thomas
In January 2016, the first case of mosquito-borne Zika infection in the mainland United States was confirmed in Miami, Florida. The first locally acquired case was reported 6 months later. Local public health and school officials began warning students of the outbreak on their return to the classroom in August 2016. In November-December 2016, we conducted a survey of students attending a large public university in Miami to determine how well informed they were about Zika. A multistage sampling design was used to contact teaching assistants and ask them for help in recruiting their students...
March 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Matthew B Fitzgerald, Robert K Jackler
OBJECTIVE: To describe the manner in which hearing was evaluated in American Otological Practice during the late 19th and early 20th centuries before introduction of the electric audiometer. METHODS: Primary sources were the Transactions of the American Otological Society and American textbooks, especially those authored by Presidents of the Society. RESULTS: In the era before electric audiometry multiple methods were used for evaluating the thresholds of different frequencies...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Nia Heard-Garris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
Csanád Albert-Lőrincz
This study summarizes the results of the author's PhD thesis presenting the research process and the most important findings regarding the situation of Transylvanian healthcare. Our data are based on the knowledge and compliance of pediatric patients' rights as they are seen by healthcare specialists, parents and children. A number of 751 persons were involved in the research: 200 healthcare specialists, 200 parents, 200 children aged from 7 to 17 years who have been experiencing health services at least three times over the past year and a control group of 151 children who did not have this kind of experience...
March 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
G Oksuz, A Urfalioglu, T Sekmen, N Akkececi, N Alpay, B Bilal
Context: : Local anesthetics (LAs) are in widespread use by dental practitioners, and erroneous administration, such as intravenously or exceeding the maximum dose, can cause the life-threatening condition of local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST). Aims: The objective of the present study was evaluate the ability of dentists to recognize signs of LAST and quantify how often they have used lipids to treat LAST in dentistry patients. Materials and Methods: The study administered 600 questionnaires that asked about the frequency with which dentists encountered LAST and the symptoms of LAST and its treatment, especially with lipids...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Filipa Pereira, Victoria Pellaux, Henk Verloo
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Describe beliefs about evidence-based practice (EBP) and record levels of implementation among community health nurses working independently and in community healthcare centers in the canton of Valais, Switzerland. BACKGROUND: In many settings, EBP is considered a key means of delivering better and secure healthcare. However, there is a paucity of published studies on the implementation of EBP in community healthcare. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study (n = 100)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Christine Senneca, Gabriel Garcia, Justin F Rosenberg, Darryl Heard, Erin Porter, Lilian Olivera, Lisa Farina
A neutered male Siberian tiger ( Panthera tigris altaica) presented with paraplegia of 5 days' duration. Thoracolumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a focal, linear T2-W hyperintense intramedullary lesion at the level of T10-11 as well as reduced size of the nucleus pulposus of the T10-11 intervertebral disc. The animal was humanely euthanatized as a result of the severity of clinical signs and the poor prognosis. Gross necropsy revealed a dark red, firm focus on the spinal cord at the level of the T11 nerve roots...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Jin Li, Yoko Yamamoto, Jamison M Kinnane, Bree C Shugarts, Clarence K K Ho
Little research exists on how immigrant children develop their beliefs about school learning (BASLs) in their home and host cultures. We examined the BASLs and achievement children of Chinese immigrants' (CCI) and European American (EA) children. We followed longitudinally 120 middle-class children from age 4 to 5, balanced for gender. Children heard two story beginnings depicting a child eager to attend school and another not. Children completed the stories and were tested for math and literacy achievement...
March 7, 2018: Child Development
Sharon J Parish, Rossella E Nappi, Sheryl Kingsberg
OBJECTIVE: This narrative review strives to give healthcare providers (HCPs) who care for menopausal women better tools and skills to initiate discussions with women about menopause and hormone therapy (HT), communicate complex concepts and data, and promote shared decision-making. METHODS: We review relevant studies on HT, barriers to treatment of menopausal symptoms, and effective communication strategies. We also provide recommendations for communicating with patients about HT based on the medical literature and our own professional experience...
March 5, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
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