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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806351/effects-of-a-nationwide-strategy-to-reduce-salt-intake-in-samoa
#1
Kathy Trieu, Merina Ieremia, Joseph Santos, Bruce Neal, Mark Woodward, Marj Moodie, Colin Bell, Wendy Snowdon, Taiaopo Faumuina, Jacqui Webster
OBJECTIVE: Salt reduction is one of the most cost-effective interventions for the prevention of noncommunicable diseases, but there are no studies evaluating the effectiveness of national strategies in low or lower middle income countries. This study aimed to examine the effect of an 18-month nation-wide salt reduction strategy in Samoa. METHODS: Two nationally representative cross-sectional surveys of adults aged 18-64 years, measuring 24-h urinary salt excretion and salt-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours, were conducted before (2013) and after (2015) the intervention...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806304/perceptions-of-support-groups-among-older-breast-cancer-survivors-i-ve-heard-of-them-but-i-ve-never-felt-the-need-to-go
#2
Emily K Green, Amelework Wodajo, Yajuan Yang, Miriam Sleven, Huibrie C Pieters
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors transitioning from active treatment to posttreatment may lack critical support and information about their posttreatment care. Support groups have the potential to address this gap. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe how breast cancer survivors 65 years and older perceived professionally led, in-person support groups. METHODS: Individual interviews with 54 women were analyzed using grounded theory informed by constructivism...
August 12, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806232/assessment-of-medical-surgical-patients-perception-of-hospital-noises-and-reported-ability-to-rest
#3
Christine L Locke, Diana S Pope
OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to determine if an enhanced privacy curtain (1) impacted ability to rest while hospitalized in the acute care setting and (2) improved patient satisfaction associated with environmental noise. METHODS: The project evaluated a privacy curtain designed to increase speech privacy and intelligibility and reduce reverberation time (echo). The curtain was similar to the existing privacy curtain with 2 exceptions: the curtain panel had pocket inserts that absorbed sound, and curtain panels could be zipped together to reduce sound transmission through gaps...
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803075/the-palliative-care-chaplain-as-story-catcher
#4
Rhonda S Cooper
The role of the professional chaplain on the palliative care team in the health care setting formalizes the concern for the emotional, spiritual and social well-being of the care recipients and their caregivers. The chaplain also has a peculiar role on the team, in that her most fundamental task is her intentional listening-and-hearing of the other person's story. One palliative chaplain introduces herself as a Story Catcher to care recipients, in an effort both to overcome the resistance some may have to her presence on the team and communicate her essential role and intent in providing spiritual care...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799966/in-response-concerns-with-rate-of-rise-of-carbon-dioxide-during-apnea-with-buccal-oxygenation
#5
Andrew J Toner, Andrew Heard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799847/the-willingness-of-people-who-inject-drugs-in-boston-to-use-a-supervised-injection-facility
#6
Casey León, Lena Cardoso, Sarah Mackin, Barry Bock, Jessie M Gaeta
BACKGROUND: In Massachusetts, the number of opioid-related deaths has increased 350% since 2000. In the setting of increasing overdose deaths, one potential intervention is Supervised Injection Facilities (SIFs). This study explores willingness of people who inject drugs in Boston to use a SIF and examines factors associated with willingness. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 237 people who inject drugs and utilize Boston's needle exchange program (NEP)...
August 11, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799705/the-process-of-intrapartum-care-among-skilled-birth-attendants-in-the-dominican-republic-and-maternal-perceptions-of-care-during-labor-and-birth-a-case-report
#7
Peter Schindler, Rosa Burgos, Kimberly Vuong, Hilary Aviela Lerner, Elsa Evangelista, Flor Josefina Rodriguez, Lourdes Peralta Polanco, Jennifer Foster
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization calls for situation analyses of maternity settings globally to improve maternal-newborn health. This study evaluated the care processes of skilled birth attendants and women's satisfaction with the care in a public hospital in the Dominican Republic. The purpose of the assessment was to establish a baseline to build quality improvements. METHODS: A cross-sectional, mixed-methods, observational study was conducted by an international team...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795916/beliefs-perceptions-and-health-seeking-behaviours-in-relation-to-cervical-cancer-a-qualitative-study-among-women-in-uganda-following-completion-of-an-hpv-vaccination-campaign
#8
Olivia Topister Hasahya, Vanja Berggren, Douglas Sematimba, Rose Chalo Nabirye, Edward Kumakech
Background Cervical cancer remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Uganda. Despite earlier information campaigns to introduce human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination, which also targeted cervical cancer, misinterpretation and misunderstanding of the subject remain high. Women in Uganda present with cervical cancer at an advanced stage due to poor health-seeking behaviours, with an associated high mortality rate. This project explored beliefs, attitudes, perceptions, and health-seeking behaviours in relation to cervical cancer among women in Uganda after an HPV vaccination project had been rolled out...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795728/the-air-we-breathe-past-present-and-future-general-discussion
#9
Scott Archer-Nicholls, Alexander Archibald, Stephen Arnold, Thorsten Bartels-Rausch, Steven Brown, Lucy J Carpenter, William Collins, Luke Conibear, Ruth Doherty, Rachel Dunmore, Jacinta Edebeli, Morgan Edwards, Mathew Evans, Barbara Finlayson-Pitts, Jacqueline Hamilton, Meredith Hastings, Colette Heald, Dwayne Heard, Markus Kalberer, Christopher Kampf, Astrid Kiendler-Scharr, Daniel Knopf, Jesse Kroll, Forrest Lacey, Jos Lelieveld, Eloise Marais, Jennifer Murphy, Olajide Olawoyin, A Ravishankara, Jonathan Reid, Yinon Rudich, Drew Shindell, Nadine Unger, Andreas Wahner, Timothy J Wallington, Jonathan Williams, Paul Young, Alla Zelenyuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795727/atmospheric-chemistry-and-the-biosphere-general-discussion
#10
Alexander Archibald, Stephen Arnold, Lustinian Bejan, Steven Brown, Martin Brüggemann, Lucy J Carpenter, William Collins, Mathew Evans, Barbara Finlayson-Pitts, Christian George, Meredith Hastings, Dwayne Heard, C N Hewitt, Gabriel Isaacman-VanWertz, Markus Kalberer, Frank Keutsch, Astrid Kiendler-Scharr, Daniel Knopf, Jos Lelieveld, Eloise Marais, Andreas Petzold, A Ravishankara, Jonathan Reid, Grazia Rovelli, Catherine Scott, Tomás Sherwen, Drew Shindell, Liselotte Tinel, Nadine Unger, Andreas Wahner, Timothy J Wallington, Jonathan Williams, Paul Young, Alla Zelenyuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793809/-these-people-who-dig-roots-in-the-forests-cannot-treat-hiv-women-and-men-in-durban-south-africa-reflect-on-traditional-medicine-and-antiretroviral-drugs
#11
Amy Weintraub, Joanne E Mantell, Kelsey Holt, Renée A Street, Catriona Wilkey, Suraya Dawad, Tsitsi B Masvawure, Susie Hoffman
Relatively few empirical investigations of the intersection of HIV biomedical and traditional medicine have been undertaken. As part of preliminary work for a longitudinal study investigating health-seeking behaviours among newly diagnosed individuals living with HIV, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 24 urban South Africans presenting for HIV testing or newly enrolled in HIV care; here we explored participants' views on African traditional medicine (TM) and biomedical HIV treatment. Notions of acceptance/non-acceptance were more nuanced than dichotomous, with participants expressing views ranging from favourable to reproachful, often referring to stories they had heard from others rather than drawing from personal experience...
August 10, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792307/putting-children-on-the-panel
#12
Sarah Ball
As a newly qualified children's nurse, my role involves encouraging patients to be actively involved in care to ensure their voices are heard.
August 9, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792043/atmospheric-chemistry-processes-general-discussion
#13
Alexander Archibald, Stephen Arnold, Thorsten Bartels-Rausch, Steven Brown, Rebecca Caravan, Lucy J Carpenter, Rabi Chhantyal-Pun, Hugh Coe, Jing Dou, Jacinta Edebeli, Mathew Evans, Barbara Finlayson-Pitts, Christian George, Jacqueline Hamilton, Colette Heald, Dwayne Heard, C N Hewitt, Gabriel Isaacman-VanWertz, Roderic Jones, Markus Kalberer, Christopher Kampf, Veli-Matti Kerminen, Astrid Kiendler-Scharr, Daniel Knopf, Jesse Kroll, Jos Lelieveld, Eloise Marais, Max McGillen, Abdelwahid Mellouki, Andreas Petzold, A Ravishankara, Andrew Rickard, Y Rudich, Craig Taatjes, Andreas Wahner, Jonathan Williams, Alla Zelenyuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792032/new-tools-for-atmospheric-chemistry-general-discussion
#14
Peter Alpert, Alexander Archibald, Stephen Arnold, Kirsti Ashworth, Steven Brown, Steven Campbell, Lucy J Carpenter, Hugh Coe, Jing Dou, Jacinta Edebeli, Barbara Finlayson-Pitts, Andrew Grantham, Jacqueline Hamilton, Meredith Hastings, Dwayne Heard, Gabriel Isaacman-VanWertz, Roderic Jones, Markus Kalberer, Astrid Kiendler-Scharr, Daniel Knopf, Jesse Kroll, Jos Lelieveld, Alastair Lewis, Eloise Marais, Aleksandra Marsh, Sarah Moller, Andreas Petzold, William Porter, A Ravishankara, Jonathan Reid, Andrew Rickard, Grazia Rovelli, Yinon Rudich, Craig Taatjes, Adam Vaughan, Andreas Wahner, Timothy J Wallington, Jonathan Williams, Paul Young, Alla Zelenyuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782799/children-s-counterfactual-reasoning-about-causally-overdetermined-events
#15
Angela Nyhout, Lena Henke, Patricia A Ganea
In two experiments, one hundred and sixty-two 6- to 8-year-olds were asked to reason counterfactually about events with different causal structures. All events involved overdetermined outcomes in which two different causal events led to the same outcome. In Experiment 1, children heard stories with either an ambiguous causal relation between events or causally unrelated events. Children in the causally unrelated version performed better than chance and better than those in the ambiguous condition. In Experiment 2, children heard stories in which antecedent events were causally connected or causally disconnected...
August 7, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782542/supported-employment-for-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-patient-perspectives
#16
Kathleen F Carlson, Terri K Pogoda, Tess Gilbert, Sandra G Resnick, Elizabeth Twamley, Maya E O'Neil, Nina A Sayer
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the need for, and interest in, Supported Employment (SE) among recent military Veterans with traumatic brain injury (TBI), and to examine characteristics associated with Veterans' interest in SE. DESIGN: Stratified random sample of Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans confirmed to have TBI through the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) screening and evaluation system. SETTING: Community-based via mailed survey. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited 1,800 Veterans with clinician-confirmed TBI (1,080 mild TBI; 720 moderate/severe TBI) through multiple mailings...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780885/perspectives-on-biomedical-hiv-prevention-options-among-women-who-inject-drugs-in-kenya
#17
Angela Robertson Bazzi, Kelly A Yotebieng, Kawango Agot, Grace Rota, Jennifer L Syvertsen
Due to heightened vulnerability to HIV from frequent engagement in sex work and overlapping drug-using and sexual networks, women who inject drugs should be a high priority population for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and other biomedical HIV prevention tools. Kenya is one of the first African countries to approve oral PrEP for HIV prevention among "key populations," including people who inject drugs and sex workers. The objective of this study was to explore preferences and perceived challenges to PrEP adoption among women who inject drugs in Kisumu, Kenya...
August 5, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780527/assessment-of-orientation-practices-for-ethics-consultation-at-harvard-medical-school-affiliated-hospitals
#18
Danish Zaidi, Jennifer C Kesselheim
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted to assess the quality of orientation practices for ethics advisory committees that conduct ethics consultation. This survey study focused on several Harvard teaching hospitals, exploring orientation quality and committee members' self-evaluation in the American Society of Bioethics and Humanities (ASBH) ethics consultation competencies. METHODS: We conducted a survey study that involved 116 members and 16 chairs of ethics advisory committees, respectively (52% and 62...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780215/knowledge-of-and-interest-in-the-copper-intrauterine-device-among-women-seeking-emergency-contraception
#19
Christine Edwards, Dilzayn Panjwani, Ciara Pendrith, Anna Ly, Sheila Dunn
OBJECTIVE: Emergency contraception (EC) includes hormonal pills (levonorgestrel or ulipristal acetate) and the copper IUD (Cu-IUD). The Cu-IUD is more effective for EC than hormonal pills but remains underused, possibly because of lack of knowledge or interest. The objective of this study was to examine knowledge of and interest in the Cu-IUD for EC among Canadian women seeking EC. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional convenience survey of English-speaking women presenting for EC at two sexual health clinics in Toronto...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776506/neural-decoding-of-attentional-selection-in-multi-speaker-environments-without-access-to-clean-sources
#20
James O'Sullivan, Zhuo Chen, Jose Herrero, Guy M McKhann, Sameer A Sheth, Ashesh D Mehta, Nima Mesgarani
OBJECTIVE: People who suffer from hearing impairments can find it difficult to follow a conversation in a multi-speaker environment. Current hearing aids can suppress background noise; however, there is little that can be done to help a user attend to a single conversation amongst many without knowing which speaker the user is attending to. Cognitively controlled hearing aids that use auditory attention decoding (AAD) methods are the next step in offering help. Translating the successes in AAD research to real-world applications poses a number of challenges, including the lack of access to the clean sound sources in the environment with which to compare with the neural signals...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
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