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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911463/vascular-access-types-in-patients-starting-hemodialysis-after-failed-kidney-transplant-does-close-nephrology-follow-up-matter
#1
Naveed Ul Haq, Mohamed Said Abdelsalam, Mohammed Mahdi Althaf, Abdulrahman Ali Khormi, Hassan Al Harbi, Bader Alshamsan, Mamdouh Nasser Albaqumi, Dieter Clemens Broering, Lutfi Alkorbi, Hassan Ali Aleid
BACKGROUND: Native arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) are preferred while central venous catheters (CVCs) are least suitable vascular access (VA) in patients requiring hemodialysis (HD). Unfortunately, around 80% of patients start HD with CVCs. Late referral to nephrologist is thought to be a factor responsible for this. We retrospectively analyzed the types of VA at HD initiation in renal transplant recipients followed by nephrologists with failed transplant. If early referral to nephrologist improves AVF use, these patients should have higher prevalence of AVF at HD initiation...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908470/-psychological-specificities-of-living-donor-kidney-transplantation
#2
Élodie Papeloux-Heitzmann
For people with end-stage kidney disease, a transplant is the promise of a future without dialysis. Living donor kidney transplantation comprises many specificities and is distinct from cadaveric donor transplantation. Some psychological aspects explain these specificities. They may be subconscious and difficult to access, but it is essential to decipher them in order to adapt the support provided to these people.
December 2016: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905888/medicare-program-end-stage-renal-disease-prospective-payment-system-coverage-and-payment-for-renal-dialysis-services-furnished-to-individuals-with-acute-kidney-injury-end-stage-renal-disease-quality-incentive-program-durable-medical-equipment-prosthetics-orthotics
#3
(no author information available yet)
This rule updates and makes revisions to the End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Prospective Payment System (PPS) for calendar year 2017. It also finalizes policies for coverage and payment for renal dialysis services furnished by an ESRD facility to individuals with acute kidney injury. This rule also sets forth requirements for the ESRD Quality Incentive Program, including the inclusion of new quality measures beginning with payment year (PY) 2020 and provides updates to programmatic policies for the PY 2018 and PY 2019 ESRD QIP...
November 4, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903996/survival-of-patients-on-hemodialysis-and-predictors-of-mortality-a-single-centre-analysis-of-time-dependent-factors
#4
Shahrzad Ossareh, Farhat Farrokhi, Marjan Zebarjadi
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the outcome and predictors of survival in hemodialysis patients of Hasheminejad Kidney Center where a comprehensive dialysis care program has been placed since 2004. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 560 hemodialysis patients were used to evaluate 9-year survival rates and predictors of mortality. Cox regression models included comorbidities as well as averaged and 6-month-averaged time-dependent values of laboratory findings as independent factors...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903852/topical-honey-in-the-management-of-pediatric-peritoneal-dialysis-exit-sites
#5
Thomas A Forbes, Loren Shaw, Catherine Quinlan
International guidelines in peritoneal dialysis (PD) advocate for regular application of topical mupirocin in chronic PD exit-site care. A strong evidence base links this treatment to reduced rates of exit-site infections and peritonitis. However, emerging reports of increasing mupirocin resistance and gram-negative infections are threatening the long-term viability of topical antibiotic ointments as a prophylactic treatment. Medical grade honey has multiple proven antibacterial and wound healing properties...
November 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903849/safe-and-cost-effective-peritoneal-dialysis-access-by-skilled-nephrologists-in-developing-countries
#6
Georgi Abraham, Amit Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899416/peritoneal-dialysis-access-revision-in-children-causes-interventions-and-outcomes
#7
Dagmara Borzych-Duzalka, T Fazil Aki, Marta Azocar, Colin White, Elizabeth Harvey, Sevgi Mir, Marta Adragna, Erkin Serdaroglu, Rajiv Sinha, Charlotte Samaille, Juan Jose Vanegas, Jameela Kari, Lorena Barbosa, Arvind Bagga, Monica Galanti, Onder Yavascan, Giovanna Leozappa, Maria Szczepanska, Karel Vondrak, Kei-Chiu Tse, Franz Schaefer, Bradley A Warady
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little published information is available about access failure in children undergoing chronic peritoneal dialysis. Our objectives were to evaluate frequency, risk factors, interventions, and outcome of peritoneal dialysis access revision. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Data were derived from 824 incident and 1629 prevalent patients from 105 pediatric nephrology centers enrolled in the International Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Network Registry between 2007 and 2015...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889296/donor-and-recipient-views-on-their-relationship-in-living-kidney-donation-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#8
Angelique F Ralph, Phyllis Butow, Camilla S Hanson, Steve J Chadban, Jeremy R Chapman, Jonathan C Craig, John Kanellis, Grant Luxton, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Many donors and recipients report an improved relationship after transplantation; however, tension, neglect, guilt, and proprietorial concern over the recipient can impede donor and recipient well-being and outcomes. We aimed to describe donor and recipient expectations and experiences of their relationship in the context of living kidney donation. STUDY DESIGN: Thematic synthesis of qualitative studies. SETTING & POPULATION: Living kidney donors and recipients...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886367/tissue-ischemia-worsens-during-hemodialysis-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients
#9
Jan Malik, Jaroslav Kudlicka, Jana Lachmanova, Anna Valerianova, Katarina Rocinova, Magdalena Bartkova, Vladimir Tesar
BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficit is a common problem in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Ultrafiltration and hemodialysis lead to profound hemodynamic changes. The aim of this pilot study was to describe brain and hand oxygenation values in ESRD patients and their changes during hemodialysis. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients treated by chronic hemodialysis and 17 controls patients of the same age were included in the study. Regional saturation of oxygen (SrO2) was measured at the brain frontal lobe and at the hand with dialysis access using the INVOS 5100C...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886364/ultrasound-guided-angioplasty-for-treatment-of-peripheral-stenosis-of-arteriovenous-fistula-a-single-center-experience
#10
Sunil Kumar, Nikhil Mahajan, Shivakumar S Patil, Navdeep Singh, Soham Dasgupta, Seetharam Tejavath, Sarbpreet Singh, Deepesh B Kenwar, Ashish Sharma, Mukut Minz
PURPOSE: In patients with end-stage renal disease, arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are the access of choice for hemodialysis but are often complicated by stenosis. We present single-center experience of 78 ultrasound-guided angioplasty procedures for treating peripheral stenoses of AVFs. METHODS: Between January 2013 and November 2015, 78 angioplasties were performed under ultrasound guidance in 53 patients with end-stage renal disease who were referred from dialysis centers with low flow rate, difficult cannulation, increased cannulation site bleeding, immature or thrombosed AVF...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886362/balloon-assisted-venous-access-salvage-through-a-thrombosed-arteriovenous-graft
#11
Chen Pong Wong, Karthikeyan Damodharan, Thijs A J Urlings, Sivanathan Chandramohan
INTRODUCTION: Maintaining vascular access by means of radiological intervention has become the mainstay of management of patients with central venous stenoses and occlusions (CVO), which can be challenging. We present a case of balloon-assisted percutaneous puncture of an occluded left subclavian vein, through a thrombosed arteriovenous graft, for a tunneled dialysis catheter insertion. METHODS: A thrombosed left arm arteriovenous graft was accessed, and the occluded left subclavian vein was traversed with 0...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881246/referral-for-kidney-transplantation-and-indicators-of-quality-of%C3%A2-dialysis-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Laura C Plantinga, Stephen O Pastan, Adam S Wilk, Jenna Krisher, Laura Mulloy, Eric M Gibney, Rachel E Patzer
BACKGROUND: Dialysis facility performance measures to improve access to kidney transplantation are being considered. Referral of patients for kidney transplantation evaluation by the dialysis facility is one potential indicator, but limited data exist to evaluate whether referral is associated with existing dialysis facility quality indicators. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 12,926 incident (July 2005 to September 2011) adult (aged 18-69 years) patients treated at 241 dialysis facilities with complete quality indicator information from US national registry data linked to transplantation referral data from all 3 Georgia kidney transplantation centers...
November 20, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876561/tip-design-of-hemodialysis-catheters-influences-thrombotic-events-and-replacement-rate
#13
C Petridis, M Nitschke, W Lehne, E Smith, J P Goltz, H Lehnert, M Meier
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Central venous tunnelled hemodialysis catheters (CVTC) are used for initial vascular access in patients with renal failure. Tip design of the CVTC may play an important role in catheter function and complication rates, influencing adequate hemodialysis treatment of these patients. METHODS: This prospective, observational cohort study compared the function and complication rates of two CVTCs in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) within a follow-up period of 24 months...
November 19, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872452/how-to-treat-anca%C3%A2-associated-vasculitis-practical-messages-from-2016-eular-era%C3%A2-edta-recommendations
#14
Jan Sznajd, Chetan Mukhtyar
The European League against Rheumatism (EULAR) with the European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Association recently published an update of 2009 EULAR recommendations with a focus on the management of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAV). In this article, we discuss the following key messages for clinical practice derived from these recommendations: 1) biopsy should be performed if possible to confirm new diagnosis or relapse; 2) glucocorticoid therapy is an extremely important adjunct to the management of AAV, but it is also responsible for the majority of adverse effects; the dose should be tapered to 7...
October 28, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866966/complications-of-vascular-access-superior-vena-cava%C3%A2-syndrome
#15
Anil K Agarwal, Hooman Khabiri, Nabil J Haddad
Stenosis or occlusion of central veins in hemodialysis patients is common, especially with previous intravascular catheter or device use. Superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction is emerging as a frequent chronic complication of central vein cannulation that not only jeopardizes the availability of vascular access for hemodialysis, but can become a life-threatening emergency. Clinical features of SVC syndrome can be subtle or dramatic, including facial swelling and shortness of breath, which require expeditious attention and intervention...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866375/pre-operative-assessment-for-arteriovenous-fistula-placement-for-dialysis
#16
REVIEW
Maria G Marques, Pedro Ponce
Native AV fistulas are considered to be the best VA for most dialysis patients. A careful preoperative process of care is essential to maximize the proportion of fistulas that achieve adequacy for dialysis. An individualized and timely evaluation of patients starts early with the identification of risk factors, followed by a physical examination which should be complemented by ultrasound vascular mapping in most cases. Vascular mapping includes any technique that leads to information on patient's inflow and outflow anatomy (± hemodynamics) as they relate to arteriovenous access creation and may predict maturation...
November 20, 2016: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866205/disparities-in-kidney-transplantation-access-among-korean-patients-initiating-dialysis-a-population-based-cohort-study-using-national-health-insurance-data-2003-2013
#17
Young Choi, Jaeyong Shin, Jung Tak Park, Kyoung Hee Cho, Eun-Cheol Park, Tae Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: The socioeconomic status of a person has an impact on his or her access to kidney transplantation as has been reported in western countries. This study examined the association between income level and kidney transplantation among chronic kidney disease patients undergoing dialysis in South Korea. METHODS: We analyzed data from 1,792 chronic kidney disease patients undergoing dialysis and listed in the Korean National Health Insurance Claim Database (2003-2013)...
November 19, 2016: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865711/use-of-an-eptfe-covered-nitinol-self-expanding-stent-graft-for-the-treatment-off-pre-closure-device-failure-during-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#18
Arie Steinvil, Nelson Bernardo, Toby Rogers, Edward Koifman, Kyle Buchanan, M Chadi Alraies, Christian Shults, Rebecca Torguson, Petros G Okubagzi, Augusto D Pichard, Lowell F Satler, Itsik Ben-Dor, Ron Waksman
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to describe our experience with the use of an ePTFE-covered nitinol self-expanding stent graft (GORE® VIABAHN® Endoprosthesis, Gore Medical, USA) placed in the common femoral artery for the treatment of suture-mediated pre-closure device failure following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Access site-related vascular complications (VC) following sheath removal related to pre-closure device failure during TAVR are common and treatment options may vary...
October 21, 2016: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861462/at-which-stage-of-end-stage-kidney-disease-should-chronic-dialysis-be-started
#19
Gonzalo A Bravo-Soto, Trinidad Madrid
The number of patients requiring renal replacement therapy has increased exponentially in recent years. However, there is still controversy regarding the best moment to initiate chronic dialysis. Searching in Epistemonikos database, which is maintained by screening 30 databases, we identified five systematic reviews comprising 21 trials addressing the question of this article. We combined the evidence using meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings following the GRADE approach. We concluded delaying the initiation of dialysis probably does not increase mortality risk in chronic kidney disease and makes little or no difference in the risk of requiring a temporary catheter or having to check the vascular access...
November 15, 2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855290/transcatheter-leadless-cardiac-pacing-the-new-alternative-solution
#20
Antoine Da Costa, Amandine Axiotis, Cécile Romeyer-Bouchard, Loucif Abdellaoui, Zahi Afif, Jean Baptiste Guichard, Antoine Gerbay, Karl Isaaz
INTRODUCTION: A lack of information about the feasibility and safety of leadless pacemaker (LPMs) exists in a fragile population of patients with limited venous anatomy access or conventional pacemaker (PM) contraindication. Accordingly, the goal of this prospective observational study was to report our experience with this new leadless technology in a subset of patients with contraindication or limited venous access. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between May 2015 and July 2016, 14 patients were consecutively included...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
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