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Chest wall resection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433225/adjuvant-chemotherapy-is-associated-with-improved-survival-in-locally-invasive-node-negative-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#1
Usman Ahmad, Traves D Crabtree, Aalok P Patel, Daniel Morgensztern, Cliff G Robinson, A Sasha Krupnick, Daniel Kreisel, David R Jones, G Alexander Patterson, Bryan F Meyers, Varun Puri
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to explore factors that are associated with use of adjuvant chemotherapy and to evaluate its impact on overall survival in node-negative patients who undergo lung and chest wall resection for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Patients who underwent concomitant lung and chest wall resection for NSCLC were abstracted from the National Cancer Database. Clinical, pathologic, treatment, and follow-up data were obtained...
April 19, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431711/nodular-fasciitis-of-the-posterior-chest-wall-with-bone%C3%A2-invasion-mimicking-a-malignant-neoplasm
#2
Nicholas J Olson, David J Finley, Michael J Tsapakos, Sandra L Wong, Konstantinos Linos
Nodular fasciitis is a self-limiting benign fibroblastic/myofibroblastic proliferation, which typically presents as a rapidly growing mass resembling an aggressive lesion clinically. It can also mimic a sarcoma histologically, hence the frequent characterization as "pseudosarcoma." We describe a case of a 53-year-old man who presented with a posterior chest wall mass that on imaging showed erosion into the adjacent ribs. After resection, the diagnosis of nodular fasciitis was rendered. Bone erosion by nodular fasciitis is extremely rare and can resemble a malignant neoplasm radiologically...
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429954/-sternal-resection-for-metachronous-metastasis-from-renal-carcinoma
#3
T Jínek, J Klein, L Adamčík, M Duda, C Vojtek, R Andělová, R Soumarová, M Škrovina
In this report, the authors describe a rare case of complete sternal resection for a metachronous metastasis from renal carcinoma in a 59-year-old female patient 12 years after primary left nephrectomy. Due to the large extent of resection, a polyester double layer mesh with bone cement was used for chest wall reconstruction. The postoperative course was uneventful without any indication for adjuvant treatment. The patient has been followed up for 20 months without any signs of complications and recurrence of her malignancy...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420643/isolated-implant-metastasis-in-chest-wall-due-to-seeding-of-transpleurally-placed-ptbd-catheter-tract-in-a-case-of-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#4
Shibojit Talukder, Arunanshu Behera, Cherring Tandup, Suvradeep Mitra
Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) catheter site metastasis in cases of cholangiocarcinoma is reported sporadically. But it is unusual to see left-sided tumour metastasising to the right PTBD catheter site. Metastasis, in general, has a poor prognosis, but recurrence along the catheter tract in the absence of other systemic diseases can be a different scenario altogether. To date, there is no consensus on the management of this form of metastasis. But carefully selected patients can benefit from aggressive surgical resection...
April 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420036/dedifferentiated-chondrosarcoma-a-survival-analysis-of-159-cases-from-the-seer-database-2001-2011
#5
Patrick K Strotman, Taylor J Reif, Stephanie A Kliethermes, Jasmin K Sandhu, Lukas M Nystrom
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma is a rare malignancy with reported 5-year overall survival rates ranging from 7% to 24%. The purpose of this investigation is to determine the overall survival of dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma in a modern patient series and how it is impacted by patient demographics, tumor characteristics, and surgical treatment factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database from 2001 to 2011...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413658/subcutaneous-metastasis-arising-from-gastric-cancer-a-case-report
#6
Tsutomu Namikawa, Eri Munekage, Masaya Munekage, Hiromichi Maeda, Tomoaki Yatabe, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Michiya Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
A 59-year-old man was referred to the Kochi Medical School Hospital due to left shoulder pain. Physical examination revealed a nodular, painful mass lesion in the subcutaneous tissue of the right chest wall, with a diameter of ~2 cm. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a large ulcerated tumor in the lower gastric body near the lesser curvature, and biopsy specimens of the gastric and humeral lesions revealed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Abdominal computed tomography revealed multiple low-density lesions in the liver and a well-defined, 2...
April 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406136/pulmonary-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-case-with-diabetes-insipidus-and-tuberculosis
#7
E Ugurlu, G Altinisik, U Aydogmus, F Bir
A 19-year-old male patient was observed due to having central diabetes insipidus (DI) for five years. He had a history of smoking 5-10 cigarettes a day for two years, but stopped smoking from the last month. The computerized tomography revealed thin-walled cystic lesions in different sizes more dominantly in the upper lobes and consolidated areas in the left upper and lower lobes. The wedge resection from the right lower lobe revealed pulmonary langerhans cell histiocytosis. Follow-up acid-fast bacteria (AFB) examinations revealed (+++) and antituberculous treatment was started...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363377/chronic-infections-of-the-chest-wall
#8
REVIEW
Edward J Bergeron, Robert A Meguid, John D Mitchell
Chronic chest wall infections may occur in soft tissue, cartilage, and bone. They may present as localized chest wall pain, a discrete mass initially mistaken for neoplasm, a superficial infection, or a draining sinus. Chronic chest wall infections are typically non-necrotizing and associated with lower morbidity than their more acute and necrotizing counterparts. Effective management of chest wall infections ranges from antimicrobial administration to wide surgical resection and subsequent reconstruction.
May 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363376/acute-chest-wall-infections-surgical-site-infections-necrotizing-soft-tissue-infections-and-sternoclavicular-joint-infection
#9
REVIEW
Paul Schipper, Brandon H Tieu
Acute chest wall infections are uncommon and share similar risk factors for infection at other surgical sites. Smoking cessation has been shown to decrease the risk of surgical site infection. Depending on the depth of infection and/or involvement of the organ space, adequate therapy involves antibiotics and drainage. Early diagnosis and debridement of necrotizing soft tissue infections is essential to reduce mortality. Sternoclavicular joint infections require surgical debridement, en bloc resection, and antibiotic therapy...
May 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363375/prosthetic-reconstruction-of-the-chest-wall
#10
REVIEW
Onkar V Khullar, Felix G Fernandez
Large chest wall resections can result in skeletal instability, altered respiratory mechanics, and significant cosmetic defects. Here the authors review a variety of prostheses that can be used to reconstruct these defects, the indications for their use, the technique for implantation, and the available data regarding their clinical outcomes.
May 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363374/surgical-management-of-lung-cancer-involving-the-chest-wall
#11
REVIEW
Michael Lanuti
The prevalence of chest wall invasion by non-small cell lung cancer is < 10% in published surgical series. The role of radiation or chemotherapy around the complete resection of lung cancer invading the chest wall, excluding the superior sulcus of the chest, is poorly defined. Survival of patients with lung cancer invading the chest wall is dependent on lymph node involvement and completeness of en-bloc resection. In some patients harboring T3N0 disease, 5-year survival in excess of 50% can be achieved. Offering en-bloc resection of lung cancer invading chest wall to patients with T3N1 or T3N2 disease is controversial...
May 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363373/primary-tumors-of-the-osseous-chest-wall-and-their-management
#12
REVIEW
Mathew Thomas, K Robert Shen
Primary osseous tumors of the chest wall are uncommon neoplasms. They occur in a wide variety of pathologic forms, most of which can be distinguished by unique radiologic appearance. Management of these tumors depends on the diagnosis and stage. Adequate surgical resection is critical in achieving the best outcomes for most of these tumors. Chemotherapy and radiation may have an adjuvant role. Surgeons considering resection of any chest wall tumor should have a sound knowledge of the principles of resection and reconstruction...
May 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363372/surgical-management-of-the-radiated-chest-wall-and-its-complications
#13
REVIEW
Dan J Raz, Sharon L Clancy, Loretta J Erhunmwunsee
Radiation to the chest wall is common before resection of tumors. Osteoradionecrosis can occur after radiation treatment. Radical resection and reconstruction can be lifesaving. Soft tissue coverage using myocutaneous or omental flaps is determined by the quality of soft tissue available and the status of the vascular pedicle supplying available myocutaneous flaps. Radiation-induced sarcomas of the chest wall occur most commonly after radiation therapy for breast cancer. Although angiosarcomas are the most common radiation-induced sarcomas, osteosarcoma, myosarcomas, rhabdomyosarcoma, and undifferentiated sarcomas also occur...
May 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363371/chest-wall-reconstruction-without-prosthetic-material
#14
REVIEW
Robert E Merritt
The surgical resection of primary and secondary tumors involving the chest wall often requires reconstruction with prosthetic and soft tissues, such as muscle flaps. There are situations when a soft tissue reconstruction of the chest wall is preferable. Prosthetic material can become infected and require reoperation for removal of the infected material. Rigid prosthetic materials can result in chest wall pain and deformity. Muscle is the soft tissue of choice for coverage of full-thickness chest wall defects with or without prosthetic material...
May 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363370/management-of-breast-cancer-invading-chest-wall
#15
REVIEW
Boris Sepesi
Surgical treatment of locally advanced or recurrent breast cancer involving the chest wall continues to play a role in the therapeutic armamentarium as part of the multidisciplinary treatment regimen. Significant progress has been made in chest wall resections and reconstructions, thanks to the availability of novel materials and tissue transfer methods. The understanding of cancer biology and behavior, and novel drugs further improved the field. Patient selection and superb knowledge of the most recent and effective treatment options are necessary to maximize the survival benefit and quality of life for patients affected with breast cancer involving the chest wall...
May 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363368/management-of-primary-soft-tissue-tumors-of-the-chest-wall
#16
REVIEW
Anthony Cipriano, William Burfeind
Primary chest wall tumors are rare and represent a challenging clinical entity. Preoperative work-up includes a thorough history, radiographic imaging, and a biopsy approach that does not make a future definitive resection more difficult. Treatment decisions are based on tumor histology, stage, local aggressiveness, and responsiveness to chemotherapy and radiation. Wide excision is the foundation of treatment of most malignant primary chest wall tumors. The role of radiation therapy in the neoadjuvant or adjuvant setting is to reduce local recurrence...
May 2017: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359508/functional-chest-wall-reconstruction-with-a-biomechanical-three-dimensionally-printed-implant
#17
Javier Moradiellos, Sergio Amor, Mar Córdoba, Gaetano Rocco, Mercedes Vidal, Andrés Varela
Chest wall resection and reconstruction for neoplastic diseases has unique oncologic, structural, and functional challenges. In a young and fit patient with a mediastinal mass and extensive anterior chest wall invasion, purely structural solutions were deemed insufficient. We hereby present a novel three-dimensionally printed patient-specific titanium implant of sternum and ribs. This osteointegrable implant was designed with biomechanical capabilities using a unique "Greek wave" folding pattern. Postoperative dynamic computed tomography showed that the implant allowed for controlled flexing during the respiratory cycle...
April 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346687/itade-flap-after-mastectomy-for-locally-advanced-breast-cancer-a-good-choice-for-mid-sized-defects-of-the-chest-wall-based-on-a-systematic-review-of-thoracoabdominal-flaps
#18
René Aloisio da Costa Vieira, Katia Mathias Teixeira da Silva, Idam de Oliveira-Junior, Marcos Alves de Lima
BACKGROUND: Locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) is still a common problem in developing countries. Extensive resections are aimed at local control and improving quality of life. Dermofat flaps are an option for medium-sized defects. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the results of a new thoracoabdominal flap (TAF). METHODS: We describe and evaluate an ipsilateral, thoracoabdominal horizontal, dermofat (ITADE) flap performed in patients submitted to mastectomy and immediate reconstruction...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336238/hydropneumothorax-due-to-esophageal-rupture
#19
Joseph R Shiber, Emily Fontane, Jin H Ra, Andrew J Kerwin
BACKGROUND: A brief review of the historical aspects of esophageal rupture is presented along with a case and current recommendations for diagnostic evaluation and treatment. CASE REPORT: A 97-year-old woman complained of acute dyspnea without prior vomiting. Chest x-ray study showed a large right pneumothorax with associated effusion. A thoracostomy tube was placed with return of > 1 L turbid fluid with polymicrobial culture and elevated pleural fluid amylase level...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304223/metastatic-clival-chordoma-a-case-report-of-multiple-extraneural-metastases-following-resection-and-proton-beam-radiotherapy-in-a-5-year-old-boy
#20
Martin J Rutkowski, Harjus S Birk, Matthew D Wood, Arie Perry, Theodore Nicolaides, Christopher P Ames, Nalin Gupta
The authors report the case of a 5-year-old boy in whom extraneural metastases developed 5 years after he underwent an occipitocervical fusion and transoral approach to treat a clival chordoma without local recurrence. Following primary resection, the patient's postoperative course was complicated by recurrent meningitis secondary to CSF leak, which responded to antibiotics, and communicating hydrocephalus, for which a ventriculoperitoneal shunt was placed. The patient then underwent postoperative proton beam radiotherapy...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
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