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Prenatal care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546819/the-effectiveness-of-counseling-in-reducing-anxiety-among-nulliparous-pregnant-women
#1
Parisa Parsa, Nafiseh Saeedzadeh, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Ghodratallah Roshanaei
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of counseling in reducing anxiety of nulliparous pregnant women. Materials and methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 110 nulliparous pregnant women were selected out of all pregnant women referring to Fatemieh Hospital in Hamadan, Iran. Then, the subjects were divided into two groups in experimental and control (55 women in each). The data were collected through a questionnaire covering demographic and obstetric characteristics and Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545476/prenatal-diagnosis-and-prevention-of-toxoplasmosis-in-pregnant-women-in-northern-vietnam-study-protocol
#2
G Suzanne A Smit, Thi Lam Binh Vu, Trung Dung Do, Niko Speybroeck, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Elizaveta Padalko, Ellen Roets, Pierre Dorny
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam, no systematic prenatal toxoplasmosis screening is in place, and only few studies have assessed the prevalence and importance of this zoonotic parasite infection. In addition, no studies have been conducted to assess the risk factors associated with toxoplasmosis. This study protocol was developed to determine the seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women in Hanoi and Thai Binh, Northern Vietnam, and to evaluate the association with risk factors and congenital toxoplasmosis...
May 25, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545422/quality-of-antenatal-care-predicts-retention-in-skilled-birth-attendance-a-multilevel-analysis-of-28-african-countries
#3
Adanna Chukwuma, Adaeze C Wosu, Chinyere Mbachu, Kelechi Weze
BACKGROUND: An effective continuum of maternal care ensures that mothers receive essential health packages from pre-pregnancy to delivery, and postnatally, reducing the risk of maternal death. However, across Africa, coverage of skilled birth attendance is lower than coverage for antenatal care, indicating mothers are not retained in the continuum between antenatal care and delivery. This paper explores predictors of retention of antenatal care clients in skilled birth attendance across Africa, including sociodemographic factors and quality of antenatal care received...
May 25, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543191/methadone-buprenorphine-and-naltrexone-for-the-treatment-of-opioid-use-disorder-in-pregnant-women
#4
Tran H Tran, Brooke L Griffin, Rebecca H Stone, Kathleen M Vest, Timothy J Todd
Pregnant women with opioid use disorder can be treated with methadone, buprenorphine, or naltrexone to reduce opioid use and improve retention to treatment. In this review, we compare the pregnancy outcomes of methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone in clinical trials and discuss the potential behavioral and developmental effects of these agents seen in offspring in animal studies. Important clinical considerations in the management of opioid use disorder in pregnant women and their infants are also discussed...
May 24, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542391/effectiveness-of-facility-based-personalized-maternal-nutrition-counseling-in-improving-child-growth-and-morbidity-up-to-18-months-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-burkina-faso
#5
Laetitia Nikièma, Lieven Huybregts, Yves Martin-Prevel, Philippe Donnen, Hermann Lanou, Joep Grosemans, Priscilla Offoh, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet, Blaise Sondo, Dominique Roberfroid, Patrick Kolsteren
The period from conception to 24 months of age is a crucial window for nutrition interventions. Personalized maternal counseling may improve childbirth outcomes, growth, and health. We assessed the effectiveness of facility-based personalized maternal nutrition counseling (from pregnancy to 18 months after birth) in improving child growth and health in rural Burkina Faso. We conducted a paired cluster randomized controlled trial in a rural district of Burkina Faso with 12 primary health centers (clusters). Healthcare providers in the intervention centers received patient-centered communication and nutrition counseling training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542256/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-mdad-and-child-development-a-manitoba-population-based-study
#6
Brenda Comaskey, Noralou P Roos, Marni Brownell, Murray W Enns, Dan Chateau, Chelsea A Ruth, Okechukwu Ekuma
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal depression and anxiety disorders (MDAD) and child development assessed during the kindergarten year. METHODS: Administrative data from several health and social databases in Manitoba, Canada, were used to study 18,331 mother-child pairs. MDAD over the period from one year prior to the child's birth to the kindergarten year was defined using physician diagnoses and filled prescriptions. Child development was assessed during the kindergarten year using the Early Development Instrument (EDI) which measures vulnerability across five domains of development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538935/-educational-practices-in-accordance-with-the-ten-steps-to-successful-breastfeeding-in-a-human-milk-bank
#7
Cristianny Miranda E Silva, Ana Luiza Rodrigues Pellegrinelli, Simone Cardoso Lisboa Pereira, Ieda Ribeiro Passos, Luana Caroline Dos Santos
This article sought to evaluate educational practices in line with the "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding" in a Human Milk Bank. It involved a retrospective study using sociodemographic data about the pregnancy and the baby, obtained from a nursing mothers care protocol (2009-2012). These data were associated to steps related to educational practices from the "Ten Steps." Descriptive analysis, chi-square test and Poisson regression were performed. 12,283 mothers, with a median of 29 (12-54) years old, were evaluated...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538795/neonatal-near-miss-and-mortality-factors-associated-with-life-threatening-conditions-in-newborns-at-six-public-maternity-hospitals-in-southeast-brazil
#8
Pauline Lorena Kale, Maria Helena Prado de Mello-Jorge, Kátia Silveira da Silva, Sandra Costa Fonseca
We aimed to evaluate factors associated with cases of neonatal near miss and neonatal deaths at six public maternity hospitals in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro States, Brazil, in 2011. A prospective hospital-based birth cohort investigated these outcomes among live births with life-threatening conditions. Associations were tested using multinomial logistic regression models with hierarchical levels. High rates of near miss were observed for maternal syphilis (52.2‰ live births) and lack of prenatal care (80...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537130/qualitative-assessment-of-key-messages-about-nutrition-and-weight-gain-in-pregnancy-in-printed-educational-materials-in-alberta
#9
Laura Forbes, Janis Baarda, Maria Mayan, Rhonda C Bell
Printed educational materials are a common source of health information, although their effectiveness in improving women's knowledge or self-care in pregnancy has been questioned. This study describes the information in printed educational materials that address healthy eating during pregnancy and gestational weight gain (GWG) that are currently used in Alberta, Canada. Content of 6 resources was analyzed using a constant comparison qualitative approach. Resources emphasized healthy eating, prenatal supplements, folate supplementation, and healthy weight gain...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534012/association-of-isolated-single-umbilical-artery-with-perinatal-outcomes-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Hyeong Ju Kim, Jae-Hoon Kim, Doo Byung Chay, Joo Hyun Park, Min-A Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between prenatally diagnosed isolated single umbilical artery (iSUA) and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and KoreaMed from inception to January 2016, with no language or regional restrictions, for cohort and case-control studies reporting on the relationship of iSUA and perinatal outcomes. We assessed the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the occurrence of small for gestational age, preterm birth, pregnancy-induced hypertension, neonatal intensive care unit admission, and perinatal mortality in fetuses with iSUA compared with those in fetuses with three vessel cord...
May 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532195/vertical-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-in-babies-born-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-southern-brazil
#11
Manoela Muller Barbieri, Renate von Linsingen, Renato Luiz Sbalqueiro, Edson Gomes Tristão
PURPOSE: Programs for the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are essentially focused on prevention actions that occur during prenatal care. This study aimed to evaluate the mother-to-child vertical transmission (MCVT) rate, and identify its possible causes, in a sample of pregnant women with HIV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective and descriptive study. The sample was composed of HIV-positive pregnant women who delivered a live infant in the maternity ward at the hospital of the Federal University of Parana in Brazil, between January 2007 and December 2012...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531215/association-of-cord-blood-chemokines-and-other-biomarkers-with-neonatal-complications-following-intrauterine-inflammation
#12
Yoshikazu Otsubo, Kunio Hashimoto, Taro Kanbe, Muneichiro Sumi, Hiroyuki Moriuchi
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine inflammation has been associated with preterm birth and neonatal complications. Few reports have comprehensively investigated multiple cytokine profiles in cord blood and precisely identified surrogate markers for intrauterine inflammation. AIM: To identify the cytokines and surrogate markers associated with intrauterine inflammation and subsequent neonatal complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed cord blood samples from 135 patients admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at Sasebo City General Hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527272/-does-corticosteroid-treatment-during-the-pre-and-postnatal-periods-affect-the-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-premature-newborns
#13
Marita Lardón, José Uberos, Eduardo Narbona
INTRODUCTION: Glucocorticoids, widely used in the perinatal period, may be associated with adverse neurodevelopmental effects. OBJECTIVES: To analyze neurodevelopmental outcomes in a cohort of very low birth weight newborns treated with antenatal and/or postnatal corticosteroids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study in which we included all very low birth weight babies admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital between 2008 and 2013...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527266/-risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-perinatal-asphyxia-in-neonates-at-the-hospital-universitario-del-valle-cali-colombia-2010-2011
#14
Javier Torres-Muñoz, Christian Rojas, Diana Mendoza-Urbano, Darly Marín-Cuero, Sandra Orobio, Carlos Echandía
INTRODUCTION: Perinatal asphyxia is one of the main causes of perinatal mortality and morbidity worldwide and it generates high costs for health systems; however, it has modifiable risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors associated with the development of perinatal asphyxia in newborns at Hospital Universitario del Valle, Cali, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Incident cases and concurrent controls were examined. Cases were defined as newborns with moderate to severe perinatal asphyxia who were older than or equal to 36 weeks of gestational age, needed advanced resuscitation and presented one of the following: early neurological disorders, multi-organ commitment or a sentinel event...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524326/family-planning-knowledge-and-use-among-women-in-camps-for-internally-displaced-people-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#15
Rogatien M Kisindja, Christophe Kimona, Modestine Etoy, Florby Dorme, Nerys Benfield
OBJECTIVE: To describe family planning awareness and needs among internally displaced women residing in the Mugunga camps in North Kivu, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of women aged 14-45 years residing in the Mugunga camps was conducted during March 2014. The verbally administered survey assessed participants' obstetric history and their family planning knowledge, interest, and use. Descriptive statistics were obtained...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523385/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-symptoms-in-children-adopted-from-poland-and-their-atypical-association-patterns-a-bayesian-approach
#16
Donna A de Maat, Sandra Knuiman, Catharina H A M Rijk, René A C Hoksbergen, Anneloes L van Baar
Although high rates of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms have been observed among internationally adopted children, research on these symptoms in Polish adoptees is lacking. Therefore, we examined ADHD symptoms in Polish adoptees and their relationship to pre-adoptive risk factors, that is, time in institutional care, early deprivation, and prenatal alcohol exposure. We further compared the association patterns and gender distribution of ADHD symptoms in children adopted from Poland to those reported in the literature for ADHD symptoms in non-adopted children...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521785/expect-with-me-development-and-evaluation-design-for-an-innovative-model-of-group-prenatal-care-to-improve-perinatal-outcomes
#17
Shayna D Cunningham, Jessica B Lewis, Jordan L Thomas, Stephanie A Grilo, Jeannette R Ickovics
BACKGROUND: Despite biomedical advances and intervention efforts, rates of preterm birth and other adverse outcomes in the United States have remained relatively intransigent. Evidence suggests that group prenatal care can reduce these risks, with implications for maternal and child health as well as substantial cost savings. However, widespread dissemination presents challenges, in part because training and health systems have not been designed to deliver care in a group setting. This manuscript describes the design and evaluation of Expect With Me, an innovative model of group prenatal care with a strong integrated information technology (IT) platform designed to be scalable nationally...
May 18, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521369/assistance-to-normal-delivery-in-two-public-maternities-perception-of-the-health-professionals
#18
Nayara Rodrigues Gomes de Oliveira, Thaís Rocha Assis, Waldemar Naves do Amaral, Valdivina Eterna Falone, Lívia Maria Oliveira Salviano
Purpose To evaluate the perception of health professionals involved in the labor process and the assistance to normal delivery, comparing two hospitals in the city of Goiânia, Brazil, regarding the perception of these professionals when they are performing the routines and practices recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). Methods This is an analytical comparative study with a quantitative approach, performed in two public hospitals in the city of Goiânia, in the state of Goiás, Brazil. The study included 86 professionals working in assistance to immediate labor in two hospitals...
May 18, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521257/arsenic-in-drinking-water-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-ohio
#19
Kirsten S Almberg, Mary E Turyk, Rachael M Jones, Kristin Rankin, Sally Freels, Judith M Graber, Leslie T Stayner
BACKGROUND: Arsenic in drinking water has been associated with adverse reproductive outcomes in areas with high levels of naturally occurring arsenic. Less is known about the reproductive effects of arsenic at lower levels. OBJECTIVES: This research examined the association between low-level arsenic in drinking water and small for gestational age (SGA), term low birth weight (term LBW), very low birth weight (VLBW), preterm birth (PTB), and very preterm birth (VPTB) in the state of Ohio...
May 15, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512918/postpartum-contraceptive-choices-among-women-attending-a-well-baby-clinic-in-ghana
#20
Emmanuel S K Morhe, Frank Ankobea, Gerald O Asubonteng, Baafuor Opoku, Cornelius A Turpin, Vanessa K Dalton
OBJECTIVE: To assess postpartum contraceptive choices among women attending a well-baby clinic in Ghana. METHODS: From April 1 to May 31, 2011, a descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted among women who attended the well-baby clinic of Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, at 6-24 months after delivery. Participants were consecutively recruited and interviewed using semi-structured questionnaires. Data were collected on demographics, exposure to family planning counseling, message content, and postpartum contraceptive choices...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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