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Prenatal care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055046/an-assessment-of-depression-psychosocial-factors-and-resilience-among-women-seeking-prenatal-care-at-an-urban-community-health-center
#1
Katherine M Johnson, Frances M Paley, Anna M Modest, Michele R Hacker, Sabine Shaughnessy, Hope A Ricciotti, Jennifer Scott
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between resilience and mental health and psychosocial characteristics in the prenatal period. METHODS: A prospective cohort pilot study was conducted among English-speaking women aged 18 years or older with singleton pregnancies of at least 20 weeks' duration who received prenatal care at an urban community health center in the USA between March and October 2014. Surveys were administered and a retrospective chart review was conducted...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054833/pregnant-women-s-perceptions-of-the-risks-and-benefits-of-disclosure-during-web-based-mental-health-e-screening-versus-paper-based-screening-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Dawn Kingston, Anne Biringer, Sander Veldhuyzen van Zanten, Rebecca Giallo, Sarah McDonald, Glenda MacQueen, Lydia Vermeyden, Marie-Paule Austin
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women's perceptions of the risks and benefits during mental health screening impact their willingness to disclose concerns. Early research in violence screening suggests that such perceptions may vary by mode of screening, whereby women view the anonymity of e-screening as less risky than other approaches. Understanding whether mode of screening influences perceptions of risk and benefit of disclosure is important in screening implementation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the perceptions of pregnant women randomized to a Web-based screening intervention group and a paper-based screening control group on the level of risk and benefit they perceive in disclosing mental health concerns to their prenatal care provider...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054388/comparative-effectiveness-of-a-pilot-patient-centered-ultrasound-report-in-the-management-of-hydronephrosis
#3
Geolani W Dy, John L Gore, Wade W Muncey, Jonathan S Ellison, Paul A Merguerian
PURPOSE: Hydronephrosis is a common pediatric abnormality and can be associated with substantial parental anxiety, especially in the prenatal period. Radiology reports contain complex content that can be difficult for lay audiences to comprehend, potentially contributing to parental distress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed and piloted a patient-centered radiology report (PCRR) for renal ultrasounds (US) in children with hydronephrosis (Figure). We obtained consensus from a multidisciplinary panel of experts regarding critical US report components...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053439/factors-influencing-indonesian-women-s-use-of-maternal-health-care-services
#4
Anna Kurniati, Ching-Min Chen, Ferry Efendi, Sarni Maniar Berliana
Employing the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey data, we aimed to examine factors influencing married women to use maternity services. Data of married women who had given birth in the last five years before the survey were included in the analysis (n = 14,672). Factors of education, employment, women's age at first marriage, age at first birth, spousal education difference, contraceptive use, place of residence, and woman's attitude toward wife beating were associated with the use of antenatal care, institutional delivery, and postnatal care services...
October 20, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049273/tdap-vaccination-coverage-during-pregnancy-selected-sites-united-states-2006-2015
#5
Stephen Kerr, Carla M Van Bennekom, Jennifer L Liang, Allen A Mitchell
Tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine is recommended during the third trimester of each pregnancy to provide protection to newborns, who are at risk for pertussis-related morbidity and mortality (1). As part of its case-control surveillance study of medications and birth defects, the Birth Defects Study of the Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University (the Birth Defects Study) has recorded data on vaccinations received during pregnancy since 2006. Among 5,606 mothers of infants without structural birth defects in this population (control group), <1% had received Tdap vaccine before 2009...
October 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049054/clinical-aspects-of-miscarriage
#6
Marie A Walter, Mary S Alvarado
It is estimated that 750,000 to 1,000,000 miscarriages occur every year in the United States. Women experiencing a miscarriage enter the healthcare system in a variety of ways. A family may be seen for a miscarriage in the prenatal clinic, the emergency department, same-day surgical department, or perhaps the labor and birth unit. Nurses must be prepared to guide and support these families. Understanding the clinical aspects of miscarriage as well as the emotional care of families experiencing early pregnancy loss is important to nurses in all areas of the medical center...
October 18, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048415/antenatal-methadone-vs-buprenorphine-exposure-and-length-of-hospital-stay-in-infants-admitted-to-the-intensive-care-unit-with-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#7
V N Tolia, K Murthy, M M Bennett, E S Miller, D K Benjamin, P B Smith, R H Clark
OBJECTIVE: Antenatal exposure to methadone or buprenorphine often causes neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in newborns. However, comparative effects on affected infants' hospital courses are inconclusive. We sought to estimate the relationship of antenatal exposure with methadone or buprenorphine and infants' length of stay among hospitalized infants with NAS. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study of hospitalized infants with NAS with either maternal exposure...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046943/congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformations-state-of-the-art-review-for-pediatrician-s-use
#8
REVIEW
Claire Leblanc, Marguerite Baron, Emilie Desselas, Minh Hanh Phan, Alexis Rybak, Guillaume Thouvenin, Clara Lauby, Sabine Irtan
Congenital pulmonary airway malformations or CPAM are rare developmental lung malformations, leading to cystic and/or adenomatous pulmonary areas. Nowadays, CPAM are diagnosed prenatally, improving the prenatal and immediate postnatal care and ultimately the knowledge on CPAM pathophysiology. CPAM natural evolution can lead to infections or malignancies, whose exact prevalence is still difficult to assess. The aim of this "state-of-the-art" review is to cover the recently published literature on CPAM management whether the pulmonary lesion was detected during pregnancy or after birth, the current indications of surgery or surveillance and finally its potential evolution to pleuro-pulmonary blastoma...
October 19, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045850/comparison-of-conventional-2d-ultrasound-to-mr-imaging-for-prenatal-estimation-of-birth-weight-in-twin-pregnancy
#9
Caroline Kadji, Elisa Bevilacqua, Ivan Hurtado, Andrew Carlin, Mieke M Cannie, Jacques C Jani
BACKGROUND: During prenatal follow-up of twin pregnancies, accurate identification of birthweight and birthweight discordance is important in order to identify the high risk group and plan perinatal care. Unfortunately prenatal evaluation of birthweight discordance by 2-dimensional ultrasound (US) has been far from optimal. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively compare estimates of fetal weight based on 2-dimensional US (US-EFW) and MR imaging (MR-EFW) to actual birth weight in women carrying twin pregnancies...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043280/prediction-of-adequate-prenatal-care-utilization-based-on-the-extended-parallel-process-model
#10
Sepideh Hajian, Fatemeh Imani, Hedyeh Riazi, Fatemeh Salmani
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy complications are one of the major public health concerns. One of the main causes of preventable complications is the absence of or inadequate provision of prenatal care. The present study was conducted to investigate whether Extended Parallel Process Model's constructs can predict the utilization of prenatal care services. METHODS: The present longitudinal prospective study was conducted on 192 pregnant women selected through the multi-stage sampling of health facilities in Qeshm, Hormozgan province, from April to June 2015...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042300/pregnancy-related-low-back-pain-in-women-in-turkey-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#11
Savas Sencan, Emel Ece Ozcan-Eksi, Isa Cuce, Selcuk Guzel, Baki Erdem
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of pregnancy-related low back pain (PRLBP) in women in Turkey, identify the factors associated with PRLBP and predict the risk of PRLBP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a total of 1500 pregnant women admitted to a prenatal care clinic in a secondary care hospital in Turkey between August 2011 and September 2014. All participants were asked to complete a survey questionnaire. The pregnant women who reported recurrent or continuous pain in the lumbar spine or pelvis for more than 1 week were offered a clinical examination for PRLBP by the spine physiatrist...
October 14, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039230/effect-of-prenatal-waterpipe-tobacco-smoke-on-airway-inflammation-in-murine-model-of-asthma-of-adult-offspring-mice
#12
Nour A Al-Sawalha, Hanadi F Al-Bo'ul, Karem H Alzoubi, Omar F Khabour, Vaidehi J Thanawala
OBJECTIVE: Worldwide popularity of waterpipe tobacco smoking has increased, including in pregnant women. This study investigates the effect of prenatal waterpipe tobacco smoke (WTS) exposure on airway inflammation in a murine model of asthma of adult offspring mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant BALB/c mice were exposed to fresh air or WTS, using a whole-body exposure system that mimics human use during WTS. Adult male offspring mice were divided into; (1) control (prenatal fresh air, postnatal ovalbumin sensitization and saline challenge), (2) postnatal Ova S/C (prenatal fresh air, postnatal ovalbumin sensitization and challenge (Ova S/C)), (3) prenatal WTS (prenatal WTS, postnatal ovalbumin sensitization and saline challenge) and (4) prenatal WTS + postnatal Ova S/C...
July 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035309/serum-magnesium-levels-in-preterm-infants-are-higher-than-adult-levels-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Jacques Rigo, Catherine Pieltain, Viola Christmann, Francesco Bonsante, Sissel J Moltu, Silvia Iacobelli, Stéphane Marret
Magnesium (Mg) is an essential mineral in the body, impacting the synthesis of biomacromolecules, bone matrix development, energy production, as well as heart, nerve, and muscle function. Although the importance of Mg is evident, reference values for serum Mg (sMg) in pediatric patients (more specifically, in neonates) are not well established. This systematic literature review and meta-analysis (using 47 eligible studies) aims to quantify normal and tolerable ranges of sMg concentrations during the neonatal period and to highlight the factors influencing Mg levels and the importance of regulating sMg levels during pregnancy and birth...
October 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032069/woman-s-pre-conception-evaluation-genetic-and-fetal-risk-considerations-for-counselling-and-informed-choice
#14
REVIEW
R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To inform reproductive and other health care providers about genetic and fetal risk information to consider during a woman/couples' pre-conception evaluation, including considerations for genetic risk assessment, genetic screening, or testing to allow for improved counselling and informed choice. OPTIONS: This genetic information can be used for patient education, planning, and possible pre-conception and/or prenatal testing. OUTCOMES: This information may allow improved risk assessment for pre-conception counselling for individual patients and their families...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031539/fetal-surgery-for-myelomeningocele-after-the-management-of-myelomeningocele-study-moms
#15
REVIEW
Julie S Moldenhauer, N Scott Adzick
Myelomeningocele (MMC) is the most frequently occurring congenital abnormality of the central nervous system and leads to significant physical disabilities. Historically treatment involved postnatal closure with management of the associated sequelae including ventricular shunting. The mechanism of neurologic damage that begins with abnormal neurulation followed by continued injury over the course of gestation made MMC a plausible candidate for in-utero surgical repair. Animal and early human studies demonstrated the feasibility of fetal closure...
October 11, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028671/prenatal-and-childhood-exposure-to-phthalate-diesters-and-thyroid-function-in-a-9-year-follow-up-birth-cohort-study-taiwan-maternal-and-infant-cohort-study
#16
Han-Bin Huang, Chia-Jui Chuang, Pen-Hua Su, Chien-Wen Sun, Chien-Jen Wang, Ming-Tsang Wu, Shu-Li Wang
BACKGROUND: Phthalates are widely used in industry, personal care products, and medications. Recent studies have suggested that phthalate exposure alters thyroid hormones. However, longitudinal studies concerning the association between phthalate exposure and thyroid function in children are scant. Therefore, we examined the association between pre- and postnatal phthalate exposure and thyroid function in children born in 2000-2001. METHODS: We studied 181 mother-child pairs in central Taiwan and followed-up the children from 2000 to 2009 at 2, 5, and 8 years old...
October 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026356/comparison-of-in-hospital-maternal-mortality-between-hospital-systems-in-queensland-australia-and-louisiana-united-states
#17
James J Morong, Jane K Martin, Robert S Ware, Paul B Colditz, Alfred G Robichaux
BACKGROUND: It is well documented that the American maternal mortality ratio has increased during the years 2000-2015. The Australian maternal mortality ratio, in contrast, has decreased during the same time period, a trend common among most Western countries. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort study of cases of in-hospital maternal deaths in the Ochsner Health System (Louisiana, United States) and the Queensland Health System (Australia) from 1995 to 2013...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026336/factors-associated-with-continuing-emergence-of-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major-despite-prenatal-testing-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Haleama Al Sabbah, Sarah Khan, Abdallah Hamadna, Lamia Abu Ghazaleh, Anwar Dudin, Bashar Adnan Karmi
PURPOSE: Health care initiatives focusing on prenatal testing and premarital genetic screening aiming to reduce the incidence of β-thalassemia have emerged during the last decade. In Palestine, 4% of the population are known thalassemia carriers with new cases continuing to appear despite the availability of prenatal testing. This study aims to identify factors that influence the decision to retain or abort fetuses affected by β-thalassemia in Palestine. METHODS: Convenience sampling was used to select 32 women (72 fetuses) who were at risk of having a baby with β-thalassemia...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025438/pre-gestational-excessive-weight-and-duration-of-breast-feeding
#19
Andréa M Sotero, Haroldo da S Ferreira, Monica L Assunção, Pedro Israel C de Lira
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether pre-gestational obesity interferes with the duration of breast-feeding. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was carried out with a population-based probabilistic sample. The dependent variables were exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) and breast-feeding (BF), as defined by the WHO. The classification of pre-gestational nutritional status was based on the pre-gestational BMI category. SUBJECTS: A sample of 418 mother-infant pairs from the state of Alagoas, Brazil...
October 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024868/introduction-of-non-invasive-prenatal-testing-as-a-first-tier-aneuploidy-screening-test-a-survey-among-dutch-midwives-about-their-role-as-counsellors
#20
Linda Martin, Janneke T Gitsels-van der Wal, Marjon A de Boer, Meredith Vanstone, Lidewij Henneman
In 2014, non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for trisomies 21, 18 and 13 was added to the Dutch prenatal screening program as part of the TRIDENT study. Most (85%) pregnant Dutch women are counselled for prenatal aneuploidy screening by primary care midwives. This will remain when NIPT is implemented as a first-tier screening test. We therefore investigated midwife counsellors': 1) Knowledge about NIPT; 2) Attitudes towards NIPT as first-tier screening test; and 3) Experiences with informing clients about NIPT...
September 24, 2017: Midwifery
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