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Prenatal care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914182/positive-feelings-during-pregnancy-early-feeding-practices-and-infant-health
#1
Melissa A McManus, Ali A Khalessi, Joyce Lin, Jahanzeb Ashraf, Stephanie M Reich
BACKGROUND: Early parenting practices, like infant feeding, can impact children's physical health. Additionally, negative prenatal maternal affect can influence feeding choices, like breastfeeding, and can have a detrimental effect on children's health. However, little is known about the contribution of positive maternal affect during pregnancy on feeding practices and children's health. METHOD: This study explored whether positive prenatal feelings influenced children's health during the first 18 months, and whether early feeding practices mediated the relationship between these two variables...
December 3, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907983/north-korean-refugee-doctors-preliminary-examination-scores
#2
Sung Uk Chae, Jeong Hee Yang, Joon Seop Hyun, June Hee Kim, Seok Hoon Kang
PURPOSE: Although there have been studies emphasizing the re-education of North Korean (NK) doctors for post-unification of the Korean Peninsula, study on the content and scope of such re-education has yet to be conducted. Researchers intended to set the content and scope of re-education by a comparative analysis for the scores of the preliminary examination, which is comparable to the Korean Medical Licensing Examination (KMLE). METHODS: The scores of the first and second preliminary exams were analyzed by subject using the Wilcoxon signed rank test...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907933/evaluation-of-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-s-knowledge-about-toxoplasmosis-in-rio-grande-rs-brazil
#3
Lis Maurente Lehmann, Paula Costa Santos, Carlos James Scaini
Introduction Toxoplasmosis a parasitic zoonosis of global distribution, responsible for disorders during gestation can cause fetal death or congenital anomalies. Objective To evaluate the knowledge of toxoplasmosis among pregnant and postpartum women treated at the University Hospital of the city of Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Methods This was a cross-sectional study of 100 pregnant and postpartum women at the University Hospital. Participants answered a self-administered questionnaire and gave consent for data relating to serological examinations to be abstracted from their medical records...
December 1, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904167/comparison-of-errors-of-35-weight-estimation-formulae-in-a-standard-collective
#4
M Hoopmann, K O Kagan, A Sauter, H Abele, P Wagner
Issue: The estimation of foetal weight is an integral part of prenatal care and obstetric routine. In spite of its known susceptibility to errors in cases of underweight or overweight babies, important obstetric decisions depend on it. In the present contribution we have examined the accuracy and error distribution of 35 weight estimation formulae within the normal weight range of 2500-4000 g. The aim of the study was to identify the weight estimation formulae with the best possible correspondence to the requirements of clinical routine...
November 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903080/inter-pregnancy-interval-and-adverse-outcomes-evidence-for-an-additional-risk-in-health-disparate-populations
#5
Shyama Appareddy, Jason Pryor, Beth Bailey
OBJECTIVE: Short interpregnancy interval (IPI), <18 months between pregnancies, is a potential cause of adverse delivery and birth outcomes, and may be a particular issue among those with other risks. Our goal was to examine IPI and delivery/infant complications in Tennessee. METHODS: Birth certificate/vital records data included 101,912 women with a previous delivery. IPI groups (<6, 6-12, 12-18, 18-60 months) were compared on outcomes. RESULTS: Thirty-nine percent of the deliveries had IPI <18 months, 9% were <6 months, rates 11% and 27% higher than nationally...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899076/the-kaiser-permanente-northern-california-research-program-on-genes-environment-and-health-rpgeh-pregnancy-cohort-study-design-methodology-and-baseline-characteristics
#6
M M Hedderson, A Ferrara, L A Avalos, S K Van den Eeden, E P Gunderson, D K Li, A Altschuler, S Woo, S Rowell, V Choudhary, F Xu, T Flanagan, C Schaefer, L A Croen
BACKGROUND: Exposures during the prenatal period may have lasting effects on maternal and child health outcomes. To better understand the effects of the in utero environment on children's short- and long-term health, large representative pregnancy cohorts with comprehensive information on a broad range of environmental influences (including biological and behavioral) and the ability to link to prenatal, child and maternal health outcomes are needed. The Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (RPGEH) pregnancy cohort at Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC) was established to create a resource for conducting research to better understand factors influencing women's and children's health...
November 29, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896259/prenatal-diagnosis-of-spontaneous-twin-anemia-polycythemia-sequence-and-postnatal-examination-of-placental-vascular-anastomoses
#7
Jin Young Bae, Jin Ju Oh, Seong Yeon Hong
Twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS) is characterized by a wide discrepancy of hemoglobin between two monochorionic fetuses without sign of twin oligo-polyhydramnios sequence. A primiparous woman with monochorionic diamniotic twin transferred for preterm labor. Ultrasonographic evaluation at 32+3 weeks of gestation revealed increased middle cerebral artery-peak systolic velocity (77.4 cm/sec, 1.69 multiples of median) in donor and decreased in recipient twin (36.4 cm/sec, 0.79 multiples of median), the twin was diagnosed with TAPS...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891658/the-impact-of-neighborhood-conditions-and-psychological-distress-on-preterm-birth-in-african-american-women
#8
Carmen Giurgescu, Shannon N Zenk, Thomas N Templin, Christopher G Engeland, Karen Kavanaugh, Dawn P Misra
OBJECTIVE: Prior research suggests that adverse neighborhood conditions are related to preterm birth. One potential pathway by which neighborhood conditions increase the risk for preterm birth is by increasing women's psychological distress. Our objective was to examine whether psychological distress mediated the relationship between neighborhood conditions and preterm birth. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: One hundred and one pregnant African-American women receiving prenatal care at a medical center in Chicago participated in this cross-sectional design study...
November 28, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889305/invasive-prenatal-diagnosis-of-fetal-thalassemia
#9
REVIEW
Dong-Zhi Li, Yan-Dong Yang
Thalassemia is the most common monogenic inherited disease worldwide, affecting individuals originating from many countries to various extents. As the disease requires long-term care, prevention of the homozygous state presents a substantial global disease burden. The comprehensively preventive programs involve carrier detections, molecular diagnostics, genetic counseling, and prenatal diagnosis. Invasive prenatal diagnosis refers to obtaining fetal material by chorionic villus sampling (CVS) at the first trimester, and by amniocentesis or cordocentesis at the second trimester...
October 26, 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888986/relationship-between-birth-weight-maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-childhood-and-adolescent-lung-function-a-path-analysis
#10
Pallavi Balte, Wilfried Karmaus, Graham Roberts, Ramesh Kurukulaaratchy, Frances Mitchell, Hasan Arshad
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight and gestational maternal smoking have been linked with reduced lung function in children in many cross sectional studies. However, these associations have not yet been assessed with repeated measurements of lung function. Our aim was to investigate the effects of birth weight, gestational age, and gestational maternal smoking on lung function in children at age 10 and 18 years. METHODS: In the Isle of Wight birth cohort spirometry was performed at age 10 and 18 years...
December 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887921/non-invasive-prenatal-diagnosis-of-thalassemias-using-maternal-plasma-cell-free-dna
#11
REVIEW
Irena Hudecova, Rossa W K Chiu
Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) using maternal plasma cell free DNA has already reshaped the existing prenatal care system for pregnancies screened for common chromosomal aneuploidies. On the other hand, much progress has been made in developing NIPT for monogenic diseases. Thalassemia served as a disease model to develop strategies for NIPT of monogenic traits. One approach focuses on the detection or exclusion of paternally inherited fetal mutations that are absent from the mother's genome. The assessment of maternally inherited mutations in maternal plasma requires the use of highly sensitive DNA quantification techniques...
October 26, 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882745/-comparison-of-perinatal-mortality-in-slovak-republic-in-the-years-2007-2009-and-in-the-years-2010-2012
#12
M Korbeľ, A Krištúfková, M Borovský, J Danko, Z Nižňanská, P Kaščák, J Daniš
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of perinatal mortality in Slovak Republic in the years 2007-2009 and in the years 2010-2012. DESIGN: Epidemiological perinatal nation-wide. SETTING: 1st Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics School of Medicine, Comenius University and University Hospital, Bratislava, Slovak Republic. METHODS: The analysis of selected perinatal data prospectively collected in the years 2007-2009 and in the years 2010-2012...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879326/effects-of-levothyroxine-treatment-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-pregnant-women-with-autoimmune-thyroid-disease
#13
Sima Nazarpour, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Masoumeh Simbar, Maryam Tohidi, Hamid Alavi Majd, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Despite some studies indicating that thyroid antibody positivity during pregnancy has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, evidence regarding the effects of levothyroxine (LT4) treatment of euthyroid/subclinical hypothyroid pregnant women with autoimmune thyroid disease on pregnancy outcome is limited. We aimed to assess whether pregnant women with autoimmune thyroid disease, but without overt thyroid dysfunction are affected by higher rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes...
November 22, 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878609/patterns-of-the-utilization-of-prenatal-diagnosis-services-among-pregnant-women-their-satisfaction-and-its-associated-factors-in-viet-nam
#14
Duong Thi Thuy Doan, Huong Thi Thu Nguyen, Ha Thi Thu Bui
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at understanding the patterns of the utilization of prenatal diagnostic (PND) services among pregnant women, their satisfaction and its associated factors at three regional prenatal diagnostic centres in Viet Nam. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, with a consecutive sampling method to recruit pregnant women who used PND services at the three biggest regional PND services centres in Viet Nam between January and June, 2014. A total of 298 participants, about 100 participants per centre were interviewed and included in data analysis...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876989/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasmosis-in-diabetic-pregnant-women-in-southwestern-of-iran
#15
Jasem Saki, Shahla Shafieenia, Masoud Foroutan-Rad
To investigate anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG and IgM antibodies in diabetic pregnant women in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran this experiment was performed. In current study the sera of 110 diabetic pregnant women as well as 110 non diabetic pregnant women referred to the hospitals affiliated with the Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences were assessed for anti-T. gondii IgG and IgM antibodies by ELISA and IFA methods. The ELISA assessments showed that 47 (42.7 %) and 3 (2.7 %) of diabetic women were positive for IgG and IgM antibodies, respectively...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876554/interaction-between-excess-folate-and-low-vitamin-b12-status
#16
REVIEW
Ligi Paul, Jacob Selhub
Current epidemiological evidence suggests that an imbalance of high folate status and low vitamin B12 status is associated with negative health outcomes in older adults and children. Such an imbalance during pregnancy also predisposes women to diabetes and their offspring to insulin resistance and adiposity and low birthweight. In older adults, vitamin B12 status can remain low despite adequate intake due to age-related decline in vitamin B12 absorption. Pregnant women are exposed to folic acid at varying doses depending on the prenatal care prescribed in different countries...
November 19, 2016: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876014/prenatal-diagnosis-in-sweden-2011-to-2013-a-register-based-study
#17
Kerstin Petersson, Marie Lindkvist, Margareta Persson, Peter Conner, Annika Åhman, Ingrid Mogren
BACKGROUND: Prenatal diagnosis involves methods used in early pregnancy as either screening tests or diagnostic methods. The aims of the study were to i) investigate guidelines on prenatal diagnosis in the counties of Sweden, ii) investigate uptake of prenatal diagnosis, and iii) background characteristics and pregnancy outcomes in relation to different prenatal diagnostic methods. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study using data from the Swedish Pregnancy Register 2011 to 2013 (284,789 pregnancies) was performed...
November 22, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875924/explaining-ethnic-disparities-in-preterm-birth-in-argentina-and-ecuador
#18
George L Wehby, Mariela Pawluk, Kwame A Nyarko, Jorge S López-Camelo
Little is understood about racial/ethnic disparities in infant health in South America. We quantified the extent to which the disparity in preterm birth (PTB; <37 gestational weeks) rate between infants of Native only ancestry and those of European only ancestry in Argentina and Ecuador are explained by household socio-economic, demographic, healthcare use, and geographic location indicators. The samples included 5199 infants born between 2000 and 2011 from Argentina and 1579 infants born between 2001 and 2011 from Ecuador...
November 22, 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875703/prevalence-and-characterization-of-neonatal-skin-disorders-in-the-first-72h-of-life
#19
Flávia Pereira Reginatto, Damie DeVilla, Fernanda M Muller, Juliano Peruzzo, Letícia P Peres, Raquel B Steglich, Tania F Cestari
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of neonatal dermatological findings and analyze whether there is an association between these findings and neonatal and pregnancy characteristics and seasonality. METHODS: Newborns from three maternity hospitals in a Brazilian capital city were randomly selected to undergo dermatological assessment by dermatologists. RESULTS: 2938 neonates aged up to three days of life were randomly selected, of whom 309 were excluded due to Intensive Care Unit admission...
November 19, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875474/committee-opinion-no-682-microarrays-and-next-generation-sequencing-technology-the-use-of-advanced-genetic-diagnostic-tools-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#20
(no author information available yet)
Genetic technology has advanced dramatically in the past few decades, and its applications and use in caring for and counseling pregnant women has been transformational in the realm of prenatal diagnosis. Two of the newer genetic technologies in the prenatal setting are chromosomal microarray and whole-exome sequencing. Chromosomal microarray analysis is a method of measuring gains and losses of DNA throughout the human genome. It can identify chromosomal aneuploidy and other large changes in the structure of chromosomes as well as submicroscopic abnormalities that are too small to be detected by traditional modalities...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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