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Physiotherapy physical therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932014/the-effectiveness-of-physiotherapy-interventions-for-sacroiliac-joint-dysfunction-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Moayad Al-Subahi, Mohamed Alayat, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri, Omar Helal, Hammad Alhasan, Ahmed Alalawi, Abdullah Takrouni, Ali Alfaqeh
[Purpose] The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions in the treatment of sacroiliac joint dysfunction (SIJD). [Subjects and Methods] MEDLINE, PUBMED, CINAHL, AMED, PEDro, and CIRRIE databases were searched and only relevant data from studies that matched the inclusion criteria were included. CASP tools for critical appraisal were used to assess the quality of studies included. [Results] Nine articles met the inclusion criteria, of which, three examined the effect of exercise on SIJD, three used kinesio tape and four studies examined the effect of manipulation...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924353/respiratory-muscle-strength-in-idiopathic-scoliosis-after-training-program
#2
Vera Lúcia Dos Santos Alves, Osmar Avanzi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of a physiotherapy protocol in maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressure in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) by manovacuometry. AIS may change the respiratory dynamics and the performance of inspiratory and expiratory muscles, affecting ventilatory capacity. METHODS: Patients with AIS aged 10 to 20 years old were randomly assigned to receive an aerobic exercise-training program or no treatment. They were evaluated for respiratory muscle strength before and after the treatment period by means of manovacuometry, thorax and spine radiographs...
November 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901118/randomized-controlled-trial-of-maximal-strength-training-vs-standard-rehabilitation-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#3
Vigdis S Husby, Olav A Foss, Otto S Husby, Siri B Winther
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) alleviates pain, but muscle strength and function is reduced for a long period postoperatively. AIM: To investigate whether maximal strength training (MST) is more effective in improving muscle strength than standard rehabilitation (SR) after TKA. DESIGN: A randomized, controlled study. SETTING: Community physical therapy centers and University hospital research department. POPULATION: Forty-one adults <75 years with primary, unilateral osteoarthritis of the knee scheduled for TKA...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884731/-optimization-of-the-algorithm-for-the-detection-and-the-differential-non-pharmacological-correction-of-the-risk-factors-and-the-preclinical-stages-of-atherosclerosis-at-the-level-of-the-health-resort-based-primary-care
#4
M A Vartazaryan, A T Bykov, A V Chernyshev, L S Khodasevich
This article presents the results of a comparative prospective study of 276 subjects at the age between 40 and 65 years presenting with risk factors (RF) of atherosclerosis and its preclinical stages (APC). All of them were reckoned to be at a moderate risk of developing APC based on the results of evaluation with the use of the SCORE scale which implied the necessity of their differential non-pharmacological treatment during a two-year period with the application of a variety of preventive therapeutic strategies...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868274/advancing-physical-therapy-practice-through-curriculum-revision-the-malawi-experience
#5
Janna Beling, Enock Chisati
Challenged health systems are a motivation for health education reform. Although resources-limited areas cover our planet, sub-Saharan Africa has the highest disease burden, yet the lowest health-care provider and medical school density of any region in the world. Malawi is among the most under-resourced countries in the world. While much of the data focus on dental, medical, and psychiatric service provision, physical therapists are also in short supply. Among the barriers to achieving the recommended standards for physical therapist education, African physiotherapists (the term for "physical therapists" in Africa) identify limited training opportunities, limited research education, and limited resources and funding...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862315/effectiveness-of-postoperative-home-exercise-compared-with-usual-care-on-kinesiophobia-and-physical-activity-in-spondylolisthesis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Outi Ilves, Arja Häkkinen, Joost Dekker, Marko Wahlman, Sami Tarnanen, Liisa Pekkanen, Jari Ylinen, Hannu Kautiainen, Marko Neva
OBJECTIVE: To study the effectiveness of a 12-month exercise therapy on kinesiophobia and physical activity in patients with spondylolisthesis after lumbar spine fusion. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: Patients (n = 98) with spondylolisthesis who had undergone lumbar spine fusion. METHODS: All patients (mean age 59 years) had received lumbar spine fusion surgery and identical postoperative instructions...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819679/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-is-effective-in-strengthening-the-quadriceps-muscle-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-surgery
#7
REVIEW
Annette V Hauger, M P Reiman, J M Bjordal, C Sheets, L Ledbetter, A P Goode
PURPOSE: Reduced ability to contract the quadriceps muscles is often found immediately following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery. This can lead to muscle atrophy and decreased function. Application of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be a useful adjunct intervention to ameliorate these deficits following ACL surgery. The purpose of this review was to determine whether NMES in addition to standard physical therapy is superior to standard physical therapy alone in improving quadriceps strength or physical function following ACL surgery...
August 17, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814015/postoperative-healing-patterns-in-elbow-using-electromyography-towards-the-development-of-a-wearable-mechatronic-elbow-brace
#8
Raneem Haddara, Yue Zhou, Shrikant Chinchalkar, Ana Luisa Trejos
Musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions are the most common cause of severe long-term pain and physical disability. Current postoperative treatment for patients requires them to follow a long-term physiotherapy program customized for each specific case; however, this process can be complex, time-consuming and without the right therapy it may end up being ineffective. A possible solution involves the development of wearable mechatronic elbow braces that use electromyography (EMG) to identify patient intent. However, EMG characteristics change based on the health of the individual and therefore require further investigation...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805777/-accelerated-postoperative-rehabilitation-in-patients-undergoing-pancreatoduodenectomy
#9
Z A Kovalenko, V K Lyadov, K V Lyadov
AIM: To assess safety and clinical-economic effectiveness of complex postoperative rehabilitation after pancreatoduodenectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 73 patients were included in the study. Main group consisted of 39 patients who underwent accelerated postoperative rehabilitation that was developed in our clinic. In the control group of 34 patients this protocol was not applied. The main components of rehabilitation were multicomponent analgesia, early enteral nutrition, physical rehabilitation by using of exercise therapy and physiotherapy...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800481/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-on-postural-control-in-elderly-an-update-of-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Slavko Rogan, Jan Taeymans, Lorenz Radlinger, Sandro Naepflin, Stefan Ruppen, Yvonne Bruelhart, Roger Hilfiker
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to offer an updated overview of the current studies on all types of whole-body vibration (WBV), to determine the effects of WBV on balance in Go-Go (active, independent), Slow-Go (some physical activity limitations) and No-Go (in need of care) elderly and to provide recommendations on available evidence on WBV for clinicians and researchers. An electronic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and CINAHL (Ebsco Host) to identify studies on WBV therapy in Go-Goes, Slow-Goes and No-Goes...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799492/potentials-and-limits-of-physiotherapy-in-osteoarthritis
#11
Katrin Richter, Ulf Müller-Ladner, Gabnel Dischereit, Uwe Lange
In view of the already existing and the expected growing costs due to the pathological osteoarthritic joint alterations and the related consequences, preventive and conservative strategies which can avoid or delay osteoarthritic joint alterations are welcomed from a socio-economical perspective. Here, it should be mentioned that corresponding primary prevention measures should take place early by already educating children about a healthy diet and motivating them to regular physical exercise. In overt or symptomatic osteoarthritis a good joint function and reduction of disease-related pain as well as a delay in the progression of osteoarthritis should be the primary goals of non-surgical therapeutic approaches...
August 10, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791223/overactive-pelvic-floor-muscles-opfm-improving-diagnostic-accuracy-with-clinical-examination-and-functional-studies
#12
Hau Choong Aw, Weranja Ranasinghe, Philip Huang Min Tan, Helen E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: To identify the functional correlation of overactive pelvic floor muscles (OPFM) with cystoscopic and fluoroscopic urodynamic studies (FUDS), including urethral pressure measurements. METHODS: Patients refractory to conservative therapy including bladder retraining, medications and pelvic muscle exercises for a variety of gamut of storage and voiding disorders were evaluated. Prospective data for 201 patients across both genders who underwent flexible cystoscopy and urodynamics for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) refractory to conservative management between 01 Jan 2014 and 01 Jan 2016 was collected...
July 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779911/shared-decision-making-in-physical-therapy-a-cross-sectional-study-on-physiotherapists-knowledge-attitudes-and-self-reported-use
#13
Janine Topp, Joachim Westenhöfer, Isabelle Scholl, Pola Hahlweg
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed a) to investigate knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported use of shared decision-making (SDM) among physiotherapists in Germany, b) to explore their association with demographic characteristics, and c) to assess barriers to the implementation of SDM. METHODS: We assessed above mentioned domains using an online survey. Two-level logistic regression models were used to examine factors associated with knowledge, attitudes and self-reported use of SDM...
July 26, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761883/evidence-based-practice-in-physiotherapy-curricula-a-survey-of-indian-health-science-universities
#14
Vrushali P Panhale, Bharati Bellare, Mariya Jiandani
INTRODUCTION: Evidence-based practice (EBP) is the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of the current evidence in clinical decision making. The physiotherapy profession has expressed a commitment to the development and use of evidence. However, very little is known about the extent to which EBP is integrated in physiotherapy curricula in India. The purpose of this study was to describe integration of EBP in Indian physiotherapy programs. METHODS: An observational study was conducted where a review of curricula of all Health Science Universities (HSU) in India, offering an undergraduate (UG) and post-graduate (PG) degree program in physical therapy was conducted using a data abstraction sheet...
July 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759184/is-non-pharmacological-treatment-an-effective-option-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#15
Alena Ondrejkovicova, Gabriel Petrovics, Katarína Svitkova, Vladimír Balogh
OBJECTIVE: Despite of pain being important warning signal for body ability to respond to internal or external threats, chronic pain is perceived as a discomfort by patients, leading to somatic, emotional and social negative changes. Lifestyle, wrong seating habits and some occupations may contribute to chronic back pain. Therapy for chronic back pain should include not only pharmacological or invasive interventions, but mostly change of lifestyle, physiotherapy and non-pharmacological methods...
July 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744060/effects-of-physiotherapy-treatment-for-urinary-incontinence-in-patient-with-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Carla Maria de Abreu Pereira, Mariane Castiglione, Karina Tamy Kasawara
[Purpose] The aim of the study was to evaluate the benefits of physical therapy for urinary incontinence in patients with multiple sclerosis and to verify the impact of urinary incontinence on the patient's quality of life. [Subject and Methods] A case study of a 55-year-old female patient diagnosed with multiple sclerosis and mixed urinary incontinence was conducted. Physical therapy sessions were conducted once a week, in total 15 sessions, making use of targeted functional electrical vaginal stimulation, along with active exercises for the pelvic floor muscles and electrical stimulation of the posterior tibial nerve, behavioral rehabilitation and exercise at home...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738698/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-rehabilitation-concept-in-a-patient-suffering-from-scleredema-adultorum-buschke-a-case-report
#17
Michael Mickel, Ahmad Jalili, Christina Gesslbauer, Richard Crevenna
PURPOSE: Scleredema Adultorum Buschke is a disorder manifesting indurations of the skin mostly followed by musculoskeletal impairment. Data regarding this fact are seldom found and documentation of functional outcome of physical therapies and modalities related to Scleredema Adultorum Buschke is fragmentary. The aim of this case report is to demonstrate and to document an effective concept of rehabilitation in a patient suffering from Scleredema Adultorum Buschke. METHODS: A treatment plan was developed containing therapeutic ultrasound, manual lymphatic drainage, and physiotherapy...
July 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733314/effects-of-an-airway-clearance-device-on-inflammation-bacteriology-and-mucus-transport-in-bronchiectasis
#18
Joana Tambascio, Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza, Roberto Martinez, José Antônio Baddini-Martinez, Peter John Barnes, Ada Clarice Gastaldi
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is characterized by abnormal and permanent dilation of the bronchi, caused by the perpetuation of inflammation and impairment of mucociliary clearance. Physiotherapy techniques can help to decrease the retention of respiratory secretions. The flutter valve combines high-frequency oscillation and positive expiratory pressure to facilitate the removal of secretions. We evaluated the effects of the flutter valve on sputum inflammation, microbiology, and transport of respiratory secretions in patients with bronchiectasis...
August 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730068/stroke-survivors-levels-of-community-reintegration-quality-of-life-satisfaction-with-the-physiotherapy-services-and-the-level-of-caregiver-strain-at-community-health-centres-within-the-johannesburg-area
#19
Adrian Kusambiza-Kiingi, Douglas Maleka, Veronica Ntsiea
BACKGROUND: Stroke survivors are discharged home before they are functionally independent and return home with activity limitations that would not be manageable without a caregiver. AIM: To determine stroke survivors' levels of community reintegration, quality of life (QOL), satisfaction with the physiotherapy services and the level of caregiver strain at community health centres within the Johannesburg area. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study using the following outcome measures: Maleka Stroke Community Reintegration Measure, Stroke-specific quality of life scale, Caregiver strain index and Physical therapy patient satisfaction questionnaire...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724014/prescription-medication-by-physiotherapists-a-brazilian-view-of-the-united-kingdom-canada-australia-and-new-zealand
#20
Valton da Silva Costa
Many health systems (HS) have adopted novel models of care which have included non-medical prescription (NMP) by physiotherapists. The aim of this study was to verify in the literature the existence of this practice and its possible benefits. A literature review was carried out through search on Science Direct, PubMed, SciELO, Lilacs and Google Scholar, and in the World Confederation for Physical Therapy and Chartered Society of Physiotherapy websites. In recent decades the United Kingdom adopted the NMP for health professionals, followed by Canada...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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