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alcohol gastric bypass

Ryan E R Reid, Ekaterina Oparina, Hugues Plourde, Ross E Andersen
We explored differences in dietary behaviours, energy, and macronutrient intake among individuals who had regained or maintained weight loss 5 or more years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). This study assessed 27 adults who underwent RYGB an average of 12.1 ± 3.7 years before this study was conducted. Dietary assessment was performed using 3-day food records. Daily energy intake (kcal), protein (g), carbohydrate (g), fat (g), and alcohol intake (g) were computed using the ESHA's Food Processor(®). Participants were classified by percent weight loss, maintainers (≥38 %), and regainers (≤30 %)...
July 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Valeria Duarte Gregorio, Roselma Lucchese, Ivânia Vera, Graciele C Silva, Andrecia Silva, Rayrane Clarah Chaveiro Moraes
Background: Bariatric surgery has been an alternative when conservative methods of weight loss fail. Patients undergoing bariatric surgery have an increased risk of up to 6.5% of problems related to alcohol. Objective: Integrative review out to analyze the change of alcohol consumption in this public. Method: Database was accessed from June of 2015 to January of 2016 by searching "bariatric surgery" AND "alcoholism", and their Portuguese equivalents...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Rafaella de Andrade Silva, Flávia Monteiro França Malta, Maria Flora Ferreira Sampaio Carvalho Correia, Maria Goretti Pessoa de Araújo Burgos
Background: Different surgical techniques to combat obesity combine malabsorption with restrictive procedures and can lead to metabolic problems, such as micronutrient deficiencies. Aim: Assess vitamin B12, iron and folic acid deficiencies associated with the lifestyle of obese individuals having been submitted to different bariatric techniques. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed using the electronic charts of patients submitted to bariatric surgery involving adjustable gastric banding and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass at the São João Hospital Center in the city of Porto, Portugal, between 2005 and 2010...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Zdeněk Fryšák, David Karásek
UNLABELLED: Decrease of blood glucose levels below 3 mmol/l is in fully developed cases accompanied by neuroglycopenic symptoms that may even lead to altered state of consciousness. The treating physician frequently faces a complicated situation. This may be due to inappropriately administered drugs including cases motivated by self-harm intentions (insulin, insulin secretagogues), or alcohol abuse. Undernourished people, or those afflicted with a serious systemic infection, end-stage liver or kidney diseases or with a failing heart, belong to a risk group...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Anne-Sophie Schneck, Rodolphe Anty, Stéphanie Patouraux, Stéphanie Bonnafous, Déborah Rousseau, Cynthia Lebeaupin, Beatrice Bailly-Maitre, Arnaud Sans, Albert Tran, Jean Gugenheim, Antonio Iannelli, Philippe Gual
The long-term effects of bariatric surgery on non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), focusing on liver injury and hepatocyte apoptosis, are not well-established. We here performed a longitudinal study with paired liver biopsies of nine morbidly obese women (median BMI: 42 [38.7; 45.1] kg/m(2)) with NASH with a median follow-up of 55 [44; 75] months after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery. LRYGB surgery was associated with significant weight loss (median BMI loss -13.7 [-16.4; -9.5] kg/m(2)), improved hepatic steatosis in all patients (55...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Giovana D Maffazioli, Fatima Cody Stanford, Karen J Campoverde Reyes, Takara L Stanley, Vibha Singhal, Kathleen E Corey, Janey S Pratt, Miriam A Bredella, Madhusmita Misra
BACKGROUND: Obesity is prevalent among adolescents and is associated with serious health consequences. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) and Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) are bariatric procedures that cause significant weight loss in adults and are increasingly being performed in adolescents with morbid obesity. Data comparing outcomes of RYGB vs. SG in this age-group are scarce. This study aims to compare short-term (1-6 months) and longer-term (7-18 months) body mass index (BMI) and biochemical outcomes following RYGB and SG in adolescents/young adults...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
O Backman, D Stockeld, F Rasmussen, E Näslund, R Marsk
BACKGROUND: Small studies suggest that subjects who have undergone bariatric surgery are at increased risk of suicide, alcohol and substance use disorders. This population-based cohort study aimed to assess the incidence of treatment for alcohol and substance use disorders, depression and attempted suicide after primary Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS: All patients who underwent primary RYGB in Sweden between 2001 and 2010 were included. Incidence of hospital admission for alcohol and substance use disorders, depression and suicide attempt was measured, along with the number of drugs prescribed...
September 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Joshua S Winder, Brandon S Dudeck, Sarayna Schock, Jerome R Lyn-Sue, Randy S Haluck, Ann M Rogers
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of liver disease and the leading cause of cirrhosis in developed nations. Studies confirm improvement of liver histopathology after significant weight loss, but biochemistry and sonography do not always show this. Computed tomographic (CT) findings of NAFLD include low attenuation of liver parenchyma and hepatomegaly. We hypothesized that patients experiencing significant weight loss after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) would show CT improvement of NAFLD...
July 20, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Kamal K Mahawar, Chetan Parmar, Yitka Graham, Nimantha De Alwis, William R J Carr, Neil Jennings, Peter K Small
There is no consensus on the monitoring of liver function tests after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Since the main objective of such monitoring would be to diagnose early those who will eventually develop liver failure after RYGB, we performed a systematic review on this topic. An extensive search of literature revealed only 10 such cases in 6 published articles. It would hence appear that liver failure is a rare problem after RYGB. Routine lifelong monitoring of liver function tests is therefore unnecessary for otherwise asymptomatic individuals...
October 2016: Obesity Surgery
Stefan Wolter, Anna Duprée, Christina Coelius, Alexander El Gammal, Johannes Kluwe, Nina Sauer, Oliver Mann
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in morbidly obese patients and evaluate the influence on perioperative complications. BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing bariatric surgery have a high incidence of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Upcoming data indicates that liver disease has a significant effect on perioperative complications. However, the influence of NAFLD/NASH on perioperative outcome in bariatric patients is still controversial...
June 7, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Chiara Ferrario, François P Pralong, Jean-Bernard Daeppen, Lucie Favrea
After bariatric surgery the risk of alcohol use disorders is increased. This risk is greater after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass than after sleeve gastrectomy or gastric banding. These differences can be explained by modification in alcohol metabolism after gastric bypass, which increases peak alcohol levels. Other mechanisms that might be responsible for increased alcohol use disorders after bariatric surgery are neuro-biological contributors and addiction transfer from binge eating to alcohol consumption. Collaboration with a team specialized in alcoholism treatment is needed for the management of such patients...
March 23, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
Roman Vangoitsenhoven, Pascal Frederiks, Brecht Gijbels, Matthias Lannoo, Wout Van der Borght, Amber Van den Eynde, Ann Mertens, Chantal Mathieu, Bart Van der Schueren
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate long-term effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on physical and psychosocial health as well as eating behavior of obese patients. METHODS: We compared 23 patients 7 years after RYGB to 23 body mass index (BMI), sex, and age matched obese control patients by means of self-reporting questionnaires: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire - Short Form (Q-LES-Q SF), Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ), and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)...
May 3, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
James E Mitchell, Nicholas J Christian, David R Flum, Alfons Pomp, Walter J Pories, Bruce M Wolfe, Anita P Courcoulas, Steven H Belle
IMPORTANCE: Severe obesity (body mass index ≥35 [calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared]) is associated with significant medical comorbidity and increased mortality. Bariatric surgery induces weight loss, the extent of which can vary. Postoperative predictors of weight loss have not been adequately examined. OBJECTIVE: To describe postoperative eating behaviors and weight control and their effects on 3-year change in weight. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery-2 (LABS-2) study is a multicenter observational cohort study at 10 US hospitals in 6 geographically diverse clinical centers...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Renate Kruschitz, Maria Luger, Christian Kienbacher, Michael Trauner, Carmen Klammer, Karin Schindler, Felix B Langer, Gerhard Prager, Michael Krebs, Bernhard Ludvik
BACKGROUND: Omega-loop gastric bypass (OLGB) results in weight loss (WL) but data on its impact on liver and glucose metabolism compared to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is lacking. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the development of hepatic and metabolic markers as well as WL between the above-mentioned surgical groups during the first postoperative year. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the respective parameters in non-diabetic morbidly obese patients who underwent either RYGB (n = 25) or OLGB (n = 25)...
September 2016: Obesity Surgery
Maria Luger, Renate Kruschitz, Christian Kienbacher, Stefan Traussnigg, Felix B Langer, Karin Schindler, Tanja Würger, Friedrich Wrba, Michael Trauner, Gerhard Prager, Bernhard Ludvik
BACKGROUND: Morbidly obese patients are at risk for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and vitamin D deficiency (VDD). Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is the progressive variant of NAFLD and can advance to fibrosis, cirrhosis, and liver cancer. We aimed to examine prevalence of liver fibrosis and its non-invasive predictors in bariatric patients with VDD (<75 nmol/l). METHODS: Baseline liver biopsy of a randomized controlled trial was performed in 46 patients with omega loop gastric bypass...
October 2016: Obesity Surgery
K Qureshi, G A Abrams
Obesity is a major risk factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD encompasses simple fatty liver (FL) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in its spectrum. NASH can progress to liver cirrhosis and is associated with liver cancer. Not all obese subjects have insulin resistance (IR) or develop metabolic syndrome (MS). This study evaluates the prevalence of NAFLD in severely obese subjects without MS. We retrospectively reviewed 445 charts from our database of severely obese subjects with clinical suspicion of NAFLD and who were selected for laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery...
April 2016: Clinical Obesity
Adrian T Billeter, Jonas Senft, Daniel Gotthardt, Philipp Knefeli, Felix Nickel, Thilo Schulte, Lars Fischer, Peter P Nawroth, Markus W Büchler, Beat P Müller-Stich
INTRODUCTION: Although all bariatric procedures improve non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in metabolically sick obese patients, it remains unclear whether different procedures achieve similar effects. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-Y-gastric bypass (RYGB) were compared for their effects on liver function tests (LFT) and glycemic control in a highly selected group of metabolically sick obese patients with both elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT), a common marker for NAFLD and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
August 2016: Obesity Surgery
Azra Zafar
Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a serious neurological disorder characterized by a classical triad of acute mental confusion, ataxia, and opthalmoplegia due to thiamine deficiency. It was initially described in chronic alcoholics; however, any condition resulting in poor nutritional status places the patient at risk of WE. Bariatric surgery is now considered as an emergent cause of WE. The number of bariatric surgery is increasing for morbid obesity. We present a case of a 40-year-old male who presented with confusion and difficulty in maintaining the balance while walking 3 months after Roux en Y gastric bypass surgery...
December 2015: Saudi Medical Journal
Nicolas Goossens, Yujin Hoshida, Won Min Song, Minoa Jung, Philippe Morel, Shigeki Nakagawa, Bin Zhang, Jean-Louis Frossard, Laurent Spahr, Scott L Friedman, Francesco Negro, Laura Rubbia-Brandt, Emiliano Giostra
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Bariatric surgery is associated with improved outcomes in subjects with severe obesity. We investigated the prognostic relevance of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and liver gene expression patterns in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 492 subjects who underwent gastric bypass bariatric surgery at a single center in Switzerland from January 1997 through December 2004; routine perioperative liver biopsies were collected, analyzed histologically, and RNA was isolated...
November 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Kristine J Steffen, Scott G Engel, Joseph A Wonderlich, Garrett A Pollert, Cindy Sondag
Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective intervention for significant and sustained weight loss in obese individuals. While patients often realize numerous improvements in obesity-related comorbidities and health-related quality of life, a small minority of patients have less optimal outcomes following bariatric surgery. The literature on the emergence of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) following bariatric surgery has grown in the past several years and collectively provides convincing evidence that a significant minority of patients develop new-onset AUDs following bariatric surgery...
November 2015: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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